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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150230/cesarean-birth-what-s-in-a-name
#1
L Ni, A Elsaharty, I McConachie
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth is known as both cesarean section (CS) or cesarean delivery (CD). The International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia (IJOA) is the leading obstetric anesthesia journal, and a barometer of attitudes within the profession. The journal recently published the hundredth issue, spanning 25 years (to December 2016). It is an opportune time to examine the evolution of surgical birth terminology (CS versus CD) during that period. METHODS: We examined 1583 articles in IJOA, subdividing them into editorials, papers, review articles, debates and case reports...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149947/impact-factors-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-transplantation-patients-and-their-caregivers-in-china
#2
Q-X Zhang, J-F Xie, J-D Zhou, S-S Xiao, A-Z Liu, G-Q Hu, Y Chen, C-Y Wang
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to investigate the attitudes toward organ donation among renal transplantation patients and their caregivers. In addition, we sought to explore the impact factors that affect their attitudes toward deceased organ donation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A self-administrated questionnaire was used, which consisted of two parts: 1) demographic data, and 2) transplantation and donation-related data. This study was conducted in three transplantation follow-up centers in three hospitals using a cross-sectional approach...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149891/how-do-occupational-rehabilitation-clinicians-approach-participants-on-long-term-sick-leave-in-order-to-facilitate-return-to-work-a-focus-group-study
#3
M Eftedal, A M Kvaal, E Ree, I Øyeflaten, S Maeland
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore occupational rehabilitation clinicians' experiences on how to approach their participants on long-term sick leave in order to facilitate return to work (RTW). METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design was used. Four focus groups were conducted with 29 clinicians working on interdisciplinary inpatient and outpatient occupational rehabilitation teams in Norway. The clinicians shared narratives from clinical practice...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149396/a-survey-on-pediatric-brain-death-and-on-organ-transplantation-how-did-the-law-amendment-change-the-awareness-of-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#4
Takashi Araki, Hiroyuki Yokota, Koutaro Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: In Japanese society taking a cautious attitude towards organ transplantation, we investigate how amendment of the Organ Transplant Law which legalized brain death (BD) determination criteria changed the awareness concerning BD and organ transplantation of pediatric healthcare providers. METHODS: The questionnaire survey adopted the bearer method and was sent to members of the Japanese Society of Emergency Pediatrics (JSEP). In both the surveys of 2008 and 2016, the same item "Questionnaire survey on BD and organ transplant" was disseminated...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148154/incident-reporting-behaviours-following-the-francis-report-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Gareth Archer, Alison Colhoun
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown a lack of engagement in the reporting process. There is limited evidence about whether attitudes and behaviours of doctors in the UK towards incident reporting have changed following the events at Mid Staffordshire National Health Service Foundation Trust and the recommendations that followed. We conducted a relatively large survey of doctors, aiming to assess whether doctors recognised incidents and reported them accordingly, along with their behaviours towards reporting and their suggestions of how incident reporting may be improved...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#6
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145419/attitudes-to-mental-illness-among-mental-health-professionals-in-singapore-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#7
Qi Yuan, Louisa Picco, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Samantha Ong, Kah Lai Yow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care received by the patients. This study aims to explore attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore; make comparisons with the general population; and investigate the significant correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Eligible participants were recruited from the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144980/time-attitudes-predict-changes-in-adolescent-self-efficacy-a-24-month-latent-transition-mover-stayer-analysis
#8
Kevin E Wells, Michael T McKay, Grant B Morgan, Frank C Worrell
Increasingly, the study of temporal psychology is moving away from bivariate analyses towards person-centered analyses, which simultaneously account for scores on past, present and future dimensions. However, longitudinal studies are lacking. This study builds on a developing literature by examining the 24-month relationship between time attitudes and criterion variables. Four latent profiles called Positive, Ambivalent, Moderately Negative, and Negative, were identified. Results showed that time attitude profiles were generally unstable across the first three years of high school...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144146/legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-and-community-sales-policy-in-oregon-impact-on-adolescent-willingness-and-intent-to-use-parent-use-and-adolescent-use
#9
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use, parent use) as well as youth use. Legalization of recreational marijuana in Oregon coincided with our study on adolescent substance use. Cohort 1 transitioned from 8th to 9th grade prior to legalization and Cohort 2 made this transition during legalization (N = 444; 53% female)...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143636/a-review-of-measures-of-women-s-empowerment-and-related-gender-constructs-in-family-planning-and-maternal-health-program-evaluations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Mahua Mandal, Arundati Muralidharan, Sara Pappa
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that gender-integrated interventions, which actively seek to identify and integrate activities that address the role of gender norms and dynamics, improve family planning (FP) and maternal health (MH). To understand the link between the gender components of interventions and FP and MH outcomes, it is critical to examine the gender measures used in evaluations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of evaluations of gender-integrated FP and MH interventions in low- and middle-income countries...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143629/from-erasure-to-opportunity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-transgender-men-around-pregnancy-and-recommendations-for-providers
#11
Alexis Hoffkling, Juno Obedin-Maliver, Jae Sevelius
BACKGROUND: Some transgender men retain their uterus, get pregnant, and give birth. However, societal attitudes about gender have erected barriers to openly being pregnant and giving birth as a transgender man. Little research exists regarding transgender men's reproductive needs. Anecdotal observations suggest that social change and increasing empowerment of transgender men may result in increasing frequency and openness about pregnancy and birth. Specific needs around conception, pregnancy, and newborn care may arise from transphobia, exogenous testosterone exposure, or from having had (or desiring) gender-affirming surgery...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143356/on-the-ground-application-of-the-temporary-recommendation-for-use-regulatory-measure-on-off-label-use-of-baclofen-for-alcohol-dependence-in-france-a-regional-survey-of-community-pharmacies
#12
Marine Auffret, Benjamin Rolland, Anne-Sylvie Caous, Louise Gaboriau, Sylvie Deheul, Régis Bordet, Sophie Gautier
The "temporary recommendation for use" (TRU) is a French novel regulatory measure for off-label drug. The first TRU to be issued by the French drug agency (in March 2014) pertained to the off-label use of baclofen for alcohol dependence (AD). We performed a questionnaire-based survey of the on-the-ground application of the baclofen TRU among community pharmacies in northern France. A pharmacist from 70 of the 219 pharmacies contacted (response rate: 32.0%) completed the questionnaire. The mean ± standard deviation number of off-label baclofen prescriptions for AD was 2...
November 15, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142029/routine-use-of-quantitative-disease-activity-measurements-among-us-rheumatologists-implications-for-treat-to-target-management-strategies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Jeffrey R Curtis, Lang Chen, Maria I Danila, Kenneth G Saag, Kathy L Parham, John J Cush
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine why real-world practices and attitudes regarding quantitative measurements of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have received limited attention. METHODS: An e-mail survey asked US rheumatologists to self-report on their use of quantitative measurements (metric). RESULTS: Among 439 respondents, metric rheumatologists (58%) were more likely to be in group practice and to use tumor necrosis factor inhibitors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#14
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#15
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140500/the-persuasion-network-is-modulated-by-drug-use-risk-and-predicts-anti-drug-message-effectiveness
#16
Richard Huskey, J Michael Mangus, Benjamin O Turner, René Weber
While a persuasion network has been proposed, little is known about how network connections between brain regions contribute to attitude change. Two possible mechanisms have been advanced. One hypothesis predicts that attitude change results from increased connectivity between structures implicated in affective and executive processing in response to increases in argument strength. A second functional perspective suggests that highly arousing messages reduce connectivity between structures implicated in the encoding of sensory information, which disrupts message processing and thereby inhibits attitude change...
November 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138742/hysterectomy-pathway-as-the-global-engine-of-practice-change-implications-for-value-in-care
#17
Amin Sanei-Moghaddam, Sharon Goughnour, Robert Edwards, John Comerci, Joseph Kelley, Nicole Donnellan, Faina Linkov, Suketu Mansuria
Introduction: In 2012, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) introduced a hysterectomy clinical pathway to reduce the number of total abdominal hysterectomies performed for benign gynecological indications. This study focused on exploring physician and patient factors impacting the utilization of hysterectomy clinical pathways. Methods: An online survey with 24 questions was implemented to explore physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers toward implementing the pathway...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138033/randomized-trial-of-high-and-low-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-intrauterine-contraception-placement
#18
Siripanth Nippita, Miriam J Haviland, Sara F Voit, Judith Perez-Peralta, Michele R Hacker, Maureen E Paul
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation creates conditions that resemble real circumstances, and can help teach procedures such as intrauterine contraception placement. Its impact on skill retention has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate novice learners' skills, attitudes, and knowledge on placement of intrauterine contraception when trained using a high-fidelity commercially available simulator compared with a low-fidelity simulator. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited senior nurse practitioner students and interns in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine inexperienced with intrauterine contraception placement...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137515/choosing-wisely-campaign-valuable-for-providers-who-knew-about-it-but-awareness-remained-constant-2014-17
#19
Carrie H Colla, Alexander J Mainor
Together with physician specialty societies, the Choosing Wisely® campaign has codified recommendations of which health care services' use should be questioned and discussed with patients. The ABIM Foundation administered surveys in 2014 and 2017 to examine physicians' attitudes toward and awareness of the use of low-value care. The surveys included questions on the factors driving that use, physicians' comfort in having conversations with patients about that use, and physicians' exposure to the Choosing Wisely campaign...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137143/evaluation-of-a-mass-media-campaign-to-increase-the-awareness-of-the-need-to-reduce-discretionary-salt-use-in-the-south-african-population
#20
Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Krisela Steyn, Carl Lombard, Anniza De Villiers, Karen Charlton, Sabine Frielinghaus, Christelle Crickmore, Vash Mungal-Singh
The South African strategic plan to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes reducing population salt intake to less than 5 g/day. A mass media campaign was undertaken to increase public awareness of the association between high salt intake, blood pressure and CVD, and focused on the reduction of discretionary salt intake. Community based surveys, before and after the campaign, were conducted in a cohort of black women aged 18-55 years. Questions on knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding salt use were asked...
November 12, 2017: Nutrients
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