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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339890/pennsylvania-state-core-competencies-for-education-on-opioids-and-addiction
#1
Michael A Ashburn, Rachel L Levine
Objective.:  The objective of this project was to develop core competencies for education on opioids and addiction to be used in all Pennsylvania medical schools. Methods.:  The Pennsylvania Physician General created a task force that was responsible for the creation of the core competencies. A literature review was completed, and a survey of graduating medical students was conducted. The task force then developed, reviewed, and approved the core competencies...
March 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#2
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339353/relationships-between-ambivalent-sexism-and-the-five-moral-foundations-in-domestic-violence-is-it-a-matter-of-fairness-and-authority
#3
Maria L Vecina, Raul Piñuela
Ambivalent sexism has served to justify and maintain patriarchy and traditional gender roles characterized by inequality and male domination in the intimate partner violence (IPV) literature; according to the Moral Foundation Theory (MFT) there are two specific moral foundations related to inequality and domination: fairness and authority. We connect these separate fields arguing that sexist attitudes can be related to specific patterns of endorsement of the five moral foundations. Our hypothesis is that ambivalent sexism in men convicted of violence against the partner may be rooted in at least these two moral foundations, and that at least these two moral foundations may also serve to predict intention to change the violent behavior against the partner...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338887/washing-away-your-sins-in-the-brain-physical-cleaning-and-priming-of-cleaning-recruit-different-brain-networks-after-moral-threat
#4
Honghong Tang, Xiaping Lu, Rui Su, Zilu Liang, Xiaoqin Mai, Chao Liu
The association between moral purity and physical cleanliness has been widely discussed recently. Studies found that moral threat initiates the need of physical cleanliness, but actual physical cleaning and priming of cleaning have inconsistent effects on subsequent attitudes and behaviors. Here we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the underlying neural mechanism of actual physical cleaning and priming of cleaning. After recalling moral transgression with strong feelings of guilt and shame, participants either actually cleaned their faces with or were primed with cleanliness through ...
March 8, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#5
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336503/tweet-for-behavior-change-using-social-media-for-the-dissemination-of-public-health-messages
#6
Aisling Gough, Ruth F Hunter, Oluwaseun Ajao, Anna Jurek, Gary McKeown, Jun Hong, Eimear Barrett, Marbeth Ferguson, Gerry McElwee, Miriam McCarthy, Frank Kee
BACKGROUND: Social media public health campaigns have the advantage of tailored messaging at low cost and large reach, but little is known about what would determine their feasibility as tools for inducing attitude and behavior change. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of designing, implementing, and evaluating a social media-enabled intervention for skin cancer prevention. METHODS: A quasi-experimental feasibility study used social media (Twitter) to disseminate different message "frames" related to care in the sun and cancer prevention...
March 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336199/primary-care-physician-decision-making-regarding-referral-for-bariatric-surgery-a-national-survey
#7
Charlotte Røn Stolberg, Nicola Hepp, Anna Julie Aavild Juhl, Deepti B C, Claus B Juhl
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. It results in significant and sustained weight loss and reduces obesity-related co-morbidities. Despite an increasing prevalence of severe obesity, the number of bariatric operations performed in Denmark has decreased during the past years. This is only partly explained by changes in the national guidelines for bariatric surgery. The purpose of the cross-sectional study is to investigate referral patterns and possible reservations regarding bariatric surgery among Danish primary care physicians (PCPs)...
February 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335404/perceptions-of-health-co-benefits-in-relation-to-greenhouse-gas-emission-reductions-a-survey-among-urban-residents-in-three-chinese-cities
#8
Jinghong Gao, Guozhang Xu, Wenjun Ma, Yong Zhang, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Tianfeng He, Hualiang Lin, Tao Liu, Shaohua Gu, Jun Wang, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Xiaobo Liu, Jing Li, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
Limited information is available on the perceptions of stakeholders concerning the health co-benefits of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of urban residents on the health co-benefits involving GHG abatement and related influencing factors in three cities in China. Beijing, Ningbo and Guangzhou were selected for this survey. Participants were recruited from randomly chosen committees, following quotas for gender and age in proportion to the respective population shares...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334988/attitudes-and-lifestyle-changes-following-jog-your-mind-results-from-a-multi-factorial-community-based-program-promoting-cognitive-vitality-among-seniors
#9
Sophie Laforest, Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit, Kareen Nour, Manon Parisien, Michel Fournier, Dave Ellemberg, Danielle Guay, Charles-Émile Desgagnés-Cyr, Nathalie Bier
This study examined the effects on attitudes and lifestyle behavior of Jog your Mind, a multi-factorial community-based program promoting cognitive vitality among seniors with no known cognitive impairment. A quasi-experimental study was conducted. Twenty-three community organizations were assigned either to the experimental group (offering the program) or to the control group (creating a waiting list). They recruited 294 community-dwelling seniors. The aims of the study were to verify the effects of the program on attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and to explore its effects on cognitive vitality...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#10
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333569/are-preferences-for-aggressive-medical-treatment-associated-with-healthcare-utilization-in-the-very-old
#11
Steven M Albert, June R Lunney, Lei Ye, Robert Boudreau, Diane Ives, Suzanne Satterfield, Cameron M Kaplan, Teresa Waters, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Susan M Rubin, Anne B Newman, Tamara Harris
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between end-of-life (EOL) treatment preferences and recent hospitalization or emergency department (ED) care in the very old. DESIGN: Quarterly telephone follow-up of participants in the EOL in the Very Old cohort. SETTING: The EOL in the Very Old Age cohort drew from 1403 participants in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) study who were alive in year 15 of follow-up. 87.5% (n = 1227) were successfully recontacted and enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332928/attitudinal-changes-toward-homosexuality-during-the-past-two-decades-1994-2014-in-korea
#12
Gahyun Youn
This study was conducted to examine recent Korean perspectives on homosexuality by comparing attitudes toward mental illness, crime, friendship, and civil rights related to homosexual people in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014. The respondents were 3,299 Korean men and women between 18 and 59 years of age, and the data were collected across five years. The major findings were that there has been greater acceptance of homosexuality and civil rights for homosexuals during the past two decades, but the changes have been slow; Korean homosexuals remain subjects of social stigma and discrimination primarily due to increased Christian activism...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329848/attitudes-toward-alzheimer-s-care-seeking-among-korean-americans-effects-of-knowledge-stigma-and-subjective-norm
#13
Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong, Sang E Lee
Purpose: Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ensures that affected individuals and their caregivers can make appropriate plans for health care needs, yet many ethnic minorities delay seeking care for AD until the disease has progressed. This study examined attitudes toward care-seeking for AD among Korean Americans (KAs) and identified factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 234 KA adults. We conducted hierarchical regression analyses to examine the effects of sociocultural background (age, gender, education, cultural orientation), AD knowledge and exposure to AD, and beliefs about AD (stigma of pity, shame, and public avoidance) and AD care (subjective norm) on KAs' attitudes toward seeking AD care from primary care physicians (PCPs) and AD specialists...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#14
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#15
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327012/ringing-the-changes
#16
Caroline Shuldham
We all have a choice about how to handle change. Whether to welcome it or resist it, whether to lead or follow, or take a negative attitude and disrupt the changes others wish to make.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326605/development-of-a-short-form-of-the-attitudes-to-ageing-questionnaire-aaq
#17
Ken Laidlaw, Naoko Kishita, Susan D Shenkin, Michael J Power
OBJECTIVES: The original 24-item Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ) is well established as a measure of attitudes to aging, comprising domains of psychosocial loss (PL), physical change (PC), and psychological growth (PG). This paper presents a new 12-item short form Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ-SF). METHODS: The original field trial data used to develop the 24-item AAQ (AAQ-24) were used to compare 6-item, 9-item, and 12-item versions of AAQ-SF (sample 1, n = 2487) and to test the discriminative validity of the selected 12-item AAQ-SF (sample 2, n = 2488)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322617/clinicians-views-on-management-and-terminology-for-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma-a-qualitative-study
#18
Brooke Nickel, Juan P Brito, Alexandra Barratt, Susan Jordan, Ray Moynihan, Kirsten McCaffery
BACKGROUND: There is growing acceptance that the increase in thyroid cancer incidence is in part a result of overdiagnosis of small low-risk papillary microcarcinomas (PMCs) with indolent clinical course. Although surgery is the cornerstone treatment for patients with PMCs, recent management guidelines are shifting toward inclusion of more conservative treatments such as active surveillance. There is little evidence on clinicians' experience in managing PMC patients and their attitudes toward treatment options, including their willingness to accept a nonsurgical option...
March 21, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320565/handshake-free-zone-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-initial-feasibility-study
#19
Joanna J Parga, Maria Valadez, Ruey-Kang R Chang, Anahit Sarin-Gulian, Heaven Holdbrooks, Mark S Sklansky
BACKGROUND: The handshake represents a social custom with special importance in health care settings. However, handshakes can transmit disease and compliance with hand hygiene protocols averages <50%. We hypothesized that a handshake-free zone (HFZ) could be established within our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and would be well-received by patient families and their health care providers (HCPs). METHODS: We established an HFZ and conducted a prospective cohort study in the NICU at 2 UCLA Medical Centers...
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319190/the-public-s-belief-in-climate-change-and-its-human-cause-are-increasing-over-time
#20
Taciano L Milfont, Marc S Wilson, Chris G Sibley
Polls examining public opinion on the subject of climate change are now commonplace, and one-off public opinion polls provide a snapshot of citizen's opinions that can inform policy and communication strategies. However, cross-sectional polls do not track opinions over time, thus making it impossible to ascertain whether key climate change beliefs held by the same group of individuals are changing or not. Here we examine the extent to which individual's level of agreement with two key beliefs ("climate change is real" and "climate change is caused by humans") remain stable or increase/decrease over a six-year period in New Zealand using latent growth curve modelling (n = 10,436)...
2017: PloS One
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