keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Attitude change

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#1
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921002/intention-for-cesarean-section-versus-vaginal-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-isfahan-correlates-and-determinants
#2
Zahra Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Farideh Khalajabadi-Farahani
BACKGROUND: Iran has the second highest rate of cesarean section in the world. the corresponding rate in the third metropolitan city of Iran, Isfahan, is even higher. This paper aimed to assess correlates and determinants of intention for cesarean section versus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) among pregnant women in Isfahan. METHODS: A study was conducted among 400 pregnant women aged 18-38 years, with gestational age of 24-40 weeks who attended labor clinics of nine hospitals in Isfahan during June and July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918859/the-mediating-role-of-temporal-considerations-on-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-responses-to-organ-donation-messages
#3
Xiao Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao
Previous self-affirmation research has shown that individuals who are allowed to reflect on their values and self-worth are less likely to exhibit message derogation and are more likely to accept risk information and change their behaviors compared to those who are not. However, the underlying mechanisms for the effect are unclear. Based on a randomized experiment (N = 331), we examined the mediating role of temporal considerations in participants' health-related cognitions and emotional responses. We found that self-affirmed participants (vs...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918853/sustainable-interprofessional-teamwork-needs-a-team-friendly-healthcare-system-experiences-from-a-collaborative-dutch-programme
#4
Anneke van Dijk-de Vries, Jerôme Jean Jacques van Dongen, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven
The significance of effective interprofessional teamwork to improve the quality of care has been widely recognised. Effective interprofessional teamwork calls on good collaboration between professionals and patients, coordination between professionals, and the development of teamwork over time. Effective development of teams also requires support from the wider organisational context. In a Dutch village, healthcare professionals work closely together, and mutual consultations as well as interprofessional meetings take place on a regular basis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917979/ecology-mobility-and-labour-dynamic-pastoral-herd-management-in-an-uncertain-world
#5
B Butt
In this review, the author discusses how pastoralism, and its many constituent components, is increasingly being recognised as in tune with the changing political and ecological nature of rangelands. He describes ways in which the literature reflects this changing attitude, outlines how rangelands respond to changes in climate and explores the evolving use of livestock resources. In addition, he describes the growing recognition of factors other than livestock density that affect rangeland vegetation (i.e. density-independent relationships)...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915081/parental-feeding-practices-in-families-with-children-aged-2-13-years-psychometric-properties-and-child-age-specific-norms-of-the-german-version-of-the-child-feeding-questionnaire-cfq
#6
Ricarda Schmidt, Robert Richter, Anne Brauhardt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report questionnaire for assessing parental attitudes to child weight and parental feeding practices. Previous evaluations of its psychometric properties were conducted primarily with small-to medium-sized samples (N < 500) and a small range of children's age. The present study aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the CFQ in a large German community sample and, for the first time, to establish normative data. Within the population-based LIFE Child study, the CFQ was administered to N = 982 mothers of 2- to 13-year-old children...
November 30, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914191/beyond-the-checklist-understanding-rural-health-vulnerability-in-a-south-african-context
#7
Richard Vergunst, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Janis Kritzinger, Stine Hellum Braathen
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability in the past has sometimes been measured and understood in terms of checklists or common understanding. It is argued here that vulnerability is a more complex issue than this. Although checklists of vulnerable groups are important, they do not capture the essence and dynamics of vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: The case of rural health vulnerability in South Africa is discussed to show that classifying people into vulnerable groups does not portray the complexity and intricacies of what it means to have vulnerability...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914142/attitudes-regarding-hpv-vaccinations-of-children-among-mothers-with-adolescent-daughters-in-korea
#8
Kyong No Lee, Kylie Hae Jin Chang, Seong Sik Cho, Sung Ho Park, Sung Taek Park
The aim of this study, carried out before the beginning of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations as a National Immunization Program (NIP) in Korea in 2016, is to assess the ranges of perceptions and personal experience and their influences on attitudes regarding HPV vaccinations of children, among mothers of adolescent (9-14 years of age) daughters in Korea. From November 2015 to February 2016, we distributed a written questionnaire to mothers who had daughters aged 9-14 years. The questionnaire consisted of several questions, related to knowledge of HPV, personal experiences of HPV vaccination, and attitudes toward HPV vaccinations of their adolescent daughters...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913574/intended-and-unintended-consequences-of-abortion-law-reform-perspectives-of-abortion-experts-in-victoria-australia
#9
L A Keogh, D Newton, C Bayly, K McNamee, A Hardiman, A Webster, M Bismark
INTRODUCTION: In Victoria, Australia, abortion was decriminalised in October 2008, bringing the law in line with clinical practice and community attitudes. We describe how experts in abortion service provision perceived the intent and subsequent impact of the 2008 Victorian abortion law reform. METHODS: Experts in abortion provision in Victoria were recruited for a qualitative semi-structured interview about the 2008 law reform and its perceived impact, until saturation was reached...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#10
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913033/nurse-practitioner-prescribing-in-australia-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Jacqueline Fong, Thomas Buckley, Andrew Cashin, Lisa Pont
BACKGROUND: In Australia, the nurse practitioner (NP) obtained prescriptive authority in some jurisdictions in 2001. One of the key aspects in which the scope of NPs differs from Registered Nurses (RNs) relates to the legal privilege to prescribe medications. Although NPs have had prescriptive authority in Australia since 2001, with access to the Commonwealth subsidy scheme (PBS) since 2010, little is known about NPs prescriptive patterns or outcomes of prescriptive practice. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to examine the extent, range and nature of research conducted in relation to NP prescribing in the Australian health context as well as identify gaps in the existing literature...
November 29, 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913017/marine-anthropogenic-litter-on-british-beaches-a-10-year-nationwide-assessment-using-citizen-science-data
#12
S E Nelms, C Coombes, L C Foster, T S Galloway, B J Godley, P K Lindeque, M J Witt
Growing evidence suggests that anthropogenic litter, particularly plastic, represents a highly pervasive and persistent threat to global marine ecosystems. Multinational research is progressing to characterise its sources, distribution and abundance so that interventions aimed at reducing future inputs and clearing extant litter can be developed. Citizen science projects, whereby members of the public gather information, offer a low-cost method of collecting large volumes of data with considerable temporal and spatial coverage...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911937/an-investigation-of-the-outcomes-of-pgy-students-cognition-of-and-persistent-behavior-in-learning-through-the-intervention-of-the-flipped-classroom-in-taiwan
#13
Sheng-Der Hsu, Cheng-Jueng Chen, Wei-Kuo Chang, Yih-Jin Hu
The Postgraduate Year (PGY) Program allows doctors-in-training to learn about the diagnosis, treatment and nursing of various common, general diseases. These items form the core curriculum and are mostly learned through caring for patients and clinical teaching. Doctors-in-training are evaluated for their knowledge through written tests or assignments, based on which the effectiveness of their training is also assessed; however, this generally produces a negative learning attitude among them. So we introduced the flipped classroom into PGY training program to change PGY students' learning behavior...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909944/using-an-analysis-of-behavior-change-to-inform-effective-digital-intervention-design-how-did-the-primit-website-change-hand-hygiene-behavior-across-8993-users
#14
B Ainsworth, M Steele, B Stuart, J Joseph, S Miller, L Morrison, P Little, L Yardley
BACKGROUND: In designing digital interventions for healthcare, it is important to understand not just whether interventions work but also how and for whom-including whether individual intervention components have different effects, whether a certain usage threshold is required to change behavior in each intervention and whether usage differs across population subgroups. PURPOSE: We investigated these questions using data from a large trial of the digital PRimary care trial of a website based Infection control intervention to Modify Influenza-like illness and respiratory tract infection Transmission) (PRIMIT) intervention, which aimed to reduce respiratory tract infections (RTIs) by increasing hand hygiene behavior...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909261/measuring-nutrition-governance-an-analysis-of-commitment-capability-and-collaboration-in-nepal
#15
Patrick Webb, Shibani Ghosh, Robin Shrestha, Grace Namirembe, Sabi Gurung, Diplav Sapkota, Winnie Fay Bell, Dale Davis, Eileen Kennedy, Shailes Neupane, Swetha Manohar, Kedar Baral
BACKGROUND: Global commitments to nutrition have supported calls for better evidence to support effective investments at national level. However, too little attention has so far been paid to the role of governance in achieving impacts. OBJECTIVE: This article explores the ways by which the commitment and capabilities of policy implementers affect collaborative efforts for achieving nutrition goals. METHODS: Over 1370 structured interviews were held with government and nongovernment officials over 3 years in 21 districts...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909165/psilocybin-produces-substantial-and-sustained-decreases-in-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#16
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, Michael A Carducci, Annie Umbricht, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Mary P Cosimano, Margaret A Klinedinst
: Cancer patients often develop chronic, clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Previous studies suggest that psilocybin may decrease depression and anxiety in cancer patients. The effects of psilocybin were studied in 51 cancer patients with life-threatening diagnoses and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial investigated the effects of a very low (placebo-like) dose (1 or 3 mg/70 kg) vs. a high dose (22 or 30 mg/70 kg) of psilocybin administered in counterbalanced sequence with 5 weeks between sessions and a 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908438/effect-of-the-intelligent-health-messenger-box-on-health-care-professionals-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-related-to-hand-hygiene-and-hand-bacteria-counts
#17
Mohsen Saffari, Ghader Ghanizadeh, Rasoul Fattahipour, Kazem Khalaji, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
We assessed the effectiveness of the Intelligent Health Messenger Box in promoting hand hygiene using a quasiexperimental design. Knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practices related to hand hygiene as well as hand bacteria counts and amount of liquid soap used were measured. The intervention involved broadcasting preventive audio messages. All outcomes showed significant change after the intervention compared with before. The Intelligent Health Messenger Box can serve as a practical way to improve hand hygiene...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906192/thematic-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-of-neonatal-resuscitation-guideline-changes
#18
H C Lee, V Arora, T Brown, A Lyndon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate experiences regarding implementation of Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guideline changes in the context of a collaborative quality improvement (QI) project. STUDY DESIGN: Focus groups were conducted with local QI leaders and providers from nine sites that participated in a QI collaborative. Thematic analysis identified facilitators and barriers to implementation of NRP guideline changes and QI in general. RESULTS: Facilitators for QI included comparative process measurement and data tracking...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904639/effect-of-self-care-training-program-based-on-orem-s-model-on-the-behaviors-leading-to-sexually-transmitted-disease-in-vulnerable-women
#19
Zahra Baghersad, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Zahra Boroumandfar, Parastoo Golshiri
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable women are prone to sexually transmitted diseases due to their high-risk behaviors. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of self-care training program based on Orem's model on the behaviors leading to sexually transmitted diseases in vulnerable women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This field trial was initially conducted on 100 women covered under health services and welfare organization in Isfahan city, who were selected by rationing ssampling...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904272/awareness-of-atopic-dermatitis-and-attitudes-toward-different-types-of-medical-institutions-for-its-treatment-among-adult-patients-and-the-parents-of-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-500-participants
#20
Nam Kyung Roh, Song Hee Han, Min Jung Kim, Gyeong-Hun Park, Bark-Lynn Lew, Eung Ho Choi, Hyun Chang Ko, Young Lip Park, Sang Wook Son, Young Jun Seo, Yang Won Lee, Sang Hyun Cho, Chun Wook Park
BACKGROUND: Physicians can play a crucial role in the knowledge that patients have about a disease and its prognosis. Recently, patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are increasingly turning from western medicine to oriental herbal medicine. However, their awareness of AD and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine clinics are scarcely reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the understanding of AD among patients and their parents and to identify their awareness of and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine as treatments for AD...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
keyword
keyword
73187
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"