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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944289/video-intervention-increases-participation-of-black-breast-cancer-patients-in-therapeutic-trials
#1
Brandi N Robinson, Antoinette F Newman, Eshetu Tefera, Pia Herbolsheimer, Raquel Nunes, Christopher Gallagher, Pamela Randolph-Jackson, Adedamola Omogbehin, Asma Dilawari, Paula R Pohlmann, Mahsa Mohebtash, Young Lee, Yvonne Ottaviano, Avani Mohapatra, Filipa Lynce, Richard Brown, Mihriye Mete, Sandra M Swain
There is a striking racial and ethnic disparity in incidence and mortality of cancer yet minorities remain markedly underrepresented in clinical trials. This pilot study set out to determine the impact of a 15-min culturally tailored educational video on three outcomes relating to clinical trials: likely participation, attitudes (assessed based on six barriers), and actual enrollment. Breast cancer patients with Stage I-III, if diagnosed within previous 6 months, or metastatic disease who self-identified as black or African American were invited to participate...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944224/the-relationship-between-parental-rearing-behavior-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Ju Ryoung Moon, Jinyoung Song, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
OBJECTIVES: Parental rearing behavior is one factor that influences the strength of resilience. In turn, resilience influences depression. However, it is unclear whether resilience has a mediating effect on the relationship between parental rearing and depression in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the associations between parental rearing behavior and resilience and between rearing behavior and symptoms of depression were investigated with respect to age, gender and disease severity...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943646/the-effect-of-message-frames-on-public-attitudes-toward-criminal-justice-reform-for-nonviolent-offenses
#3
Aaron Gottlieb
In recent years, the rhetoric surrounding criminal justice policy has increasingly emphasized reform, rather than being "tough on crime." Although this change in rhetoric is aimed at building public support for reform, little is known about its efficacy. To test the efficacy of reform rhetoric, I conducted an Internet experiment using Amazon Mechanical Turk. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of six message conditions or to a control condition (no message) and then asked their views about eliminating the use of incarceration for select nonviolent offenses...
2017: Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943166/knowledge-behaviors-and-attitudes-of-hiv-infected-men-about-syphilis
#4
A Valdes, C Cazanave, F Dabis, D Neau, D Lacoste, V Gaborieau, S Farbos, M S Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore knowledge on syphilis, sexual behaviors, and attitudes in men living with HIV in southwestern France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort of people living with HIV (PLHIV), a self-administered questionnaire was proposed to all male PLHIV attending one of the seven participating clinics between September 22 and October 24, 2014. The 15 questions explored patient knowledge about syphilis disease, attitudes, and behaviors during sexual intercourse...
September 21, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942899/strategies-to-translate-knowledge-related-to-common-musculoskeletal-conditions-into-physiotherapy-practice-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Marie-Ève Bérubé, Stéphane Poitras, Marc Bastien, Lydie-Anne Laliberté, Anyck Lacharité, Douglas P Gross
BACKGROUND: Many physiotherapists underuse evidence-based practice guidelines or recommendations when treating patients with musculoskeletal disorders, yet synthesis of knowledge translation interventions used within the field of physiotherapy fails to offer clear conclusions to guide the implementation of clinical practice guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of various knowledge translation interventions used to implement changes in the practice of current physiotherapists treating common musculoskeletal issues...
May 26, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942455/fostering-flu-vaccination-in-healthcare-workers-forum-theatre-in-a-university-hospital
#6
Alice Corsaro, Andrea Poscia, Chiara de Waure, Concetta De Meo, Filippo Berloco, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti, Collaborating Group
The World Health Organization recommends flu vaccination as the most effective way to prevent the disease and its severe outcomes and has established the minimum vaccination coverage for people at risk at 75%. Even though healthcare workers (HCWs) represent a strongly recommended target group for flu vaccination campaigns, the average coverage among them is still inadequate. In flu season 2015/2016, our University Hospital tested Forum Theatre (FT) as a new participative strategy to foster HCWs engagement regarding flu vaccination...
September 24, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940136/residents-perceive-limited-education-on-family-planning-and-contraception-for-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#7
Matthew Macaluso, Rosey Zackula, Christina Bowman, Christina Bourne, Donna Sweet
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to assess perceived adequacy of training by residents from multiple specialties on contraceptive prescribing and family planning for patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Secondary goals included the following: (1) explore resident knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards patients with SPMI and (2) identify barriers to meeting the reproductive health needs of patients with SPMI. METHODS: The target population was 44,237 residents from four medical specialties...
September 22, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939582/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan-study-protocol
#8
Ona McCarthy, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Ravshan Tokhirov, Caroline Free
INTRODUCTION: Women in lower income countries experience unintended pregnancies at a higher rate compared with women in higher income countries. Unintended pregnancy is associated with numerous poorer health outcomes for both women and their children. In Tajikistan, an estimated 26% of married individuals aged 15-24 years have an unmet need for contraception. The strong cultural value placed on childbearing and oppositional attitudes towards contraception are major barriers to contraceptive uptake in the country...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938103/let-s-talk-about-sex-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-experiences-of-hiv-nurses-when-discussing-sexual-risk-behaviours-with-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
S de Munnik, C den Daas, H S M Ammerlaan, G Kok, M S Raethke, S C J M Vervoort
BACKGROUND: Despite prevention efforts, the incidence of sexually transmitted infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men remains high, which is indicative of unchanged sexual risk behaviour. Discussing sexual risk behaviour has been shown to help prevent sexually transmitted infections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence whether - and how - specialised HIV nurses discuss sexual risk behaviour with HIV-positive men who have sex with men...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#10
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937311/it-s-not-as-bad-as-you-think-menopausal-representations-are-more-positive-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Lydia Brown, Valerie Brown, Fiona Judd, Christina Bryant
INTRODUCTION: The menopausal transition is associated with underlying hormonal changes that can contribute to a range of physical and emotional symptoms. Psycho-social factors including attitudes and internal representations play a central role in women's experience of the menopause, but very little is known about how representations might differ across menopausal stages. METHODS: A sample of 387 women aged 40-60 completed a postal questionnaire that included the menopausal representations questionnaire, the emotional representation subscale adapted from the illness perception questionnaire, and data on menopausal status...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936693/effects-of-intra-operative-fluoroscopic-3d-imaging-on-peri-operative-imaging-strategy-in-calcaneal-fracture-surgery
#12
M S H Beerekamp, M Backes, N W L Schep, D T Ubbink, J S Luitse, T Schepers, J C Goslings
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated that intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging (3D-imaging) in calcaneal fracture surgery is promising to prevent revision surgery and save costs. However, these studies limited their focus to corrections performed after 3D-imaging, thereby neglecting corrections after intra-operative fluoroscopic 2D-imaging (2D-imaging). The aim of this study was to assess the effects of additional 3D-imaging on intra-operative corrections, peri-operative imaging used, and patient-relevant outcomes compared to 2D-imaging alone...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935234/fractal-rules-in-brain-networks-signatures-of-self-organization
#13
Soibam Shyamchand Singh, Dineshchandra Haobijam, Md Zubbair Malik, Romana Ishrat, R K Brojen Singh
We study brain network data of three species, namely, C. elegans, cat and macaque monkey within the framework of network theory and Potts Hamiltonian model, and explore rich fractal nature in it, which could be an important signature of self-organization, and a simple rule to be obeyed in complex patterns of brain networks. Further, this fractal behaviors in topological parameters of brain networks at various network levels could be an indicator of systems level organization in complicated brain functionality...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934073/essentialist-beliefs-about-homosexuality-predict-positive-and-negative-behavioral-intentions-toward-lesbian-women-and-gay-men
#14
Aleksandra Huic, Margareta Jelic, Zeljka Kamenov
This study focuses on essentialist beliefs about homosexuality as determinants of discriminatory intentions against gay men and lesbian women (LG), and the readiness to engage in positive action toward them. A sample of 997 exclusively heterosexual adults participated in an on-line study set in Croatia, a country with high homophobia undergoing social change which threatens the higher status of the heterosexual majority. Beliefs about immutability and universality of homosexuality were associated with less intentions to discriminate, and more readiness to engage in positive behavior, while discreteness beliefs were inversely related to both...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934063/openness-to-adopting-evidence-based-practice-in-public-substance-use-treatment-in-south-africa-using-task-shifting-caseload-size-matters
#15
Jessica F Magidson, Jasper S Lee, Kim Johnson, Warren Burnhams, J Randy Koch, Ron Manderscheid, Bronwyn Myers
BACKGROUND: In response to the lack of coverage for substance use treatment in the Western Cape province of South Africa, the local government expanded funding for evidence-based practices (EBPs) for treating substance use. Yet, little is known about provider and staff attitudes towards adopting EBPs in this setting, which is particularly relevant in this context where task shifting clinical care increases demands on paraprofessional providers. This study aimed to (1) assess attitudes towards adopting EBPs among a range of staff working in substance use treatment in Cape Town using a task shifting model; and (2) evaluate factors associated with openness towards adopting EBPs in this setting...
September 21, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933619/african-american-adults-and-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-changing-our-approach-can-move-the-needle
#16
Sandra Crouse Quinn
Consistent disparities in influenza (flu) vaccine uptake among African Americans, coupled with a disproportionate burden of chronic diseases, places too many African Americans at high risk for complications, hospitalizations and premature mortality. This disparity is the result of individual attitudes and beliefs, social norms, and health care practices. Recent research identifies critical factors affecting vaccine uptake among African American adults including perceived risk of vaccine side effects, social norms that do not support for vaccination, and lower knowledge of the flu and the vaccine...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#17
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931309/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-in-taiwan-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#18
Yu-Fang Tseng, Kuei-Lan Wang, Ching-Yun Lin, Yi-Ting Lin, Hui-Chen Pan, Chai-Jan Chang
This study aimed to explore the factors predicting the intention to quit smoking and the subsequent behavior 6 months later using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Data were obtained from 145 smokers who attended a smoking cessation clinic in a community hospital. All participants completed a questionnaire which included demographic information, TPB-based items, perceived susceptibility and previous attempts to quit. The actual quitting behavior was obtained by follow-up phone calls 6 months later. The TPB constructs explained 34% of the variance in intention to quit smoking...
September 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929386/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-openminds-a-sustainable-peer-led-mental-health-literacy-programme-in-universities-and-secondary-schools
#19
Praveetha Patalay, Jennifer Annis, Helen Sharpe, Robbie Newman, Dominic Main, Thivvia Ragunathan, Mary Parkes, Kelly Clarke
Engaging young people in the design and delivery of mental health education could lead to more effective interventions; however, few of these interventions have been evaluated. This study aimed to gain preliminary evidence with regards to the efficacy and acceptability of OpenMinds: a peer-designed and facilitated mental health literacy programme for university and secondary school students. The programme involves a structured programme of education and training for university medical students, who then deliver workshops in secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928349/an-interprofessional-education-program-s-impact-on-attitudes-toward-and-desire-to-work-with-older-adults
#20
Kaitlyn McManus, Katherine Shannon, Darson L Rhodes, Julia D Edgar, Carolyn Cox
BACKGROUND: Insufficient numbers of health professions students aspire to work with the increasing numbers of the elderly. Although programs exist to promote interest in serving this population, inadequate numbers of health professionals remain an issue. METHODS: This study sample consisted of medical (n = 75) and health profession students (n = 210) enrolled in a semester-long interprofessional clinical education program designed to enhance interprofessional teamwork and provide positive exposure to elderly in the community...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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