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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147099/changes-in-quality-characteristics-of-pork-patties-containing-antioxidative-fish-skin-peptide-or-fish-skin-peptide-loaded-nanoliposomes-during-refrigerated-storage
#1
Jing-Jing Bai, Jung-Gyu Lee, Sang-Yoon Lee, Soojin Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Youngjae Cho
Marine fish skin peptides (FSP) have been widely studied due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. We aimed to use a natural antioxidant, FSP, to replacing synthetic preservatives in a pork patty model, which is safer for human body. Moreover, nano-liposome technology can be applied for masking the fishy smell and improving the stability of this peptide. Therefore, in this study, the effects of FSP and FSP-loaded liposomes (FSPL) on pork patty were evaluated through the tests of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), color, cooking loss, texture, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), and the pH value, during 14 d of refrigerated (4°C) storage...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147094/physicochemical-properties-of-gelatin-extracted-from-buffalo-hide-pretreated-with-different-acids
#2
Sri Mulyani, Francis M C Sigit Setyabudi, Yudi Pranoto, Umar Santoso
The acid pretreatment of collagen molecules disrupts their crosslinks and assists in the release of acid-soluble proteins, fats, and other components. Generally, to achieve optimum extraction efficiency, strong acids may be used at a lower acid concentration compared to weak acids. This study aimed to determine the yield and physicochemical properties of gelatins extracted from buffalo hides pretreated with different acids. Hides were extracted with hydrochloric, citric, and acetic acids at concentrations of 0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145312/bilateral-femoral-posterior-neurocutaneous-perforater-flap-successfully-treating-fournier-gangrene-a-case-report
#3
Tao Wang, Gang Zhao, Yong-Jun Rui, Jing-Yi Mi
RATIONALE: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), characterized by widespread fascial necrosis, is a rare disease in clinic. Fournier gangrene (FG) is a special type of NF involved of perineum and scrotum. To our knowledge, no article has reported on bilateral femoral posterior neurocutaneous perforater flap treating for FG. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old Chinese male complained of perineal skin necrosis for 19 days. The patient received treatment in other hospital due to chronic bronchitis on April 15th and body temperature ranged from 38 to 39 °C...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141407/partial-solar-radiation-exclusion-with-color-shade-nets-reduce-the-degradation-of-organic-acids-and-flavonoids-of-grape-berry-vitis-vinifera-l
#4
Johan Martínez-Lüscher, Christopher Cody Lee Chen, Luca Brillante, Sahap Kaan Kurtural
The incidence of solar radiation on red-skinned grapes can promote the synthesis of flavonoid desirable for wine production, elevated temperature may impair their accumulation. We performed a shade cloth trial covering the fruit zone (from pepper-corn size to maturity) with four polyethylene 1-meter curtains with different optical properties (20% shading factor Pearl colored and 40% shading factor Aluminet, Blue and Black colored) and a Control with no cover. Cluster temperature was 3.7°C lower on the Southwest side in Black-40% clusters during the warmest part of the day compared to Control...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140866/one-thousand-five-hundred-fifty-nanometer-erbium-doped-nonablative-fractional-laser-for-the-treatment-of-striae-distensae-in-patients-of-skin-of-color-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iv-vi
#5
Kelly K Park, Erin Roberts, Rebecca C Tung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136057/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-knowledge-based-interventions-in-increasing-skin-cancer-awareness-knowledge-and-protective-behaviors-in-skin-of-color-populations
#6
Ajay Kailas, Ariel L Botwin, Ellen N Pritchett, Diane Jackson-Richards, Suzanna Lewis, Divya Sadhwani, Seemal R Desai, Susan C Taylor
Skin of color (SOC) populations (ie, blacks, Hispanics, Asians) are at a notably higher risk for mortality from skin cancers such as melanoma than white individuals. In this article, we seek to answer the following question: Do knowledge-based interventions increase skin cancer awareness among SOC patients? Following an extensive literature search, a total of 4 articles were analyzed and discussed in this review.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135114/expression-and-role-of-p53-in-oral-lichen-planus-patients
#7
Milos Hadzi-Mihailovic, Renata Petrovic, Helene Raybaud, Dragan Stanimirovic, Meltem Ozar Koray
PURPOSE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an autoimmune skin and mucosal disorder. The range of malignant transformation in OLP varies between 0.1-3%. p53 is a tumor suppressor protein. Defective p53 could allow abnormal cells to proliferate, resulting in cancer. p53 plays an important role in cell cycle control and apoptosis and loss of p53 function has been demonstrated in about half of all human cancers. The purpose of the study was to investigate the malignant potential of OLP on the basis of p53 expression and to correlate p53 expression with clinical and histopathological features of OLP...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133853/dispersion-of-tio2-nanoparticles-improves-burn-wound-healing-and-tissue-regeneration-through-specific-interaction-with-blood-serum-proteins
#8
Gulaim A Seisenbaeva, Karin Fromell, Vasiliy V Vinogradov, Aleksey N Terekhov, Andrey V Pakhomov, Bo Nilsson, Kristina Nilsson Ekdahl, Vladimir V Vinogradov, Vadim G Kessler
Burn wounds are one of the most important causes of mortality and especially morbidity around the world. Burn wound healing and skin tissue regeneration remain thus one of the most important challenges facing the mankind. In the present study we have addressed this challenge, applying a solution-stabilized dispersion TiO2 nanoparticles, hypothesizing that their ability to adsorb proteins will render them a strong capacity in inducing body fluid coagulation and create a protective hybrid material coating. The in vitro study of interaction between human blood and titania resulted at enhanced TiO2 concentrations in formation of rather dense gel composite materials and even at lower content revealed specific adsorption pattern initiating the cascade response, promising to facilitate the regrowth of the skin...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132690/cyclin-dependent-kinase-5-regulates-mapk-erk-signaling-in-the-skin-of-mice
#9
Xuexian Liu, Pengqian Zhang, Kaiyuan Ji, Junzhen Zhang, Shanshan Yang, Bin Du, Shuaipeng Hu, Ruiwen Fan
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) is a proline-directed serine/threonine kinase that has been shown to play important roles in many tissues except the nervous system. We previously reported that CDK5 showed differential expression in the transcriptome profiles of the skin of alpacas with different hair colors. To understand the functional role of CDK5 in hair color determination, we constructed CDK5-knockdown mice and identified the effect on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in the mouse skin...
November 11, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131489/evaluation-of-the-serum-zinc-level-in-adult-patients-with-melasma-is-there-a-relationship-with-serum-zinc-deficiency-and-melasma
#10
Majid Rostami Mogaddam, Nastaran Safavi Ardabili, Manouchehr Iranparvar Alamdari, Nasrollah Maleki, Maryam Aghabalaei Danesh
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis of sun-exposed skin, particularly on the face, which presents as symmetric, light- to gray-brown-colored macules and patches. There are several studies of serum zinc levels in cutaneous disorders. So far, no studies have been carried out to assess the serum zinc level in patients with melasma. The aim of this study is to determine the serum zinc level in patients with melasma compared to healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 patients with melasma and 118 healthy controls were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131366/successful-and-safe-use-of-q-switched-lasers-in-the-treatment-of-nevus-of-ota-in-children-with-phototypes-iv-vi
#11
Daniel A Belkin, Hana Jeon, Elliot Weiss, Jeremy A Brauer, Roy G Geronemus
OBJECTIVE: Nevus of Ota represents congenital dermal melanocytosis in a trigeminal distribution, most commonly occurring in Asian individuals and other individuals with skin of color. Evidence suggests early treatment is beneficial. Multiple reports have shown efficacy and safety of Q-switched laser treatment in adults. There is little data on children and in non-Asian skin types. This series was done to demonstrate safe and effective use of Q-switched laser therapy in children of multiple skin types...
November 13, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129317/the-genetic-legacy-of-the-indian-ocean-slave-trade-recent-admixture-and-post-admixture-selection-in-the-makranis-of-pakistan
#12
Romuald Laso-Jadart, Christine Harmant, Hélène Quach, Nora Zidane, Chris Tyler-Smith, Qasim Mehdi, Qasim Ayub, Lluis Quintana-Murci, Etienne Patin
From the eighth century onward, the Indian Ocean was the scene of extensive trade of sub-Saharan African slaves via sea routes controlled by Muslim Arab and Swahili traders. Several populations in present-day Pakistan and India are thought to be the descendants of such slaves, yet their history of admixture and natural selection remains largely undefined. Here, we studied the genome-wide diversity of the African-descent Makranis, who reside on the Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan, as well that of four neighboring Pakistani populations, to investigate the genetic legacy, population dynamics, and tempo of the Indian Ocean slave trade...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124688/uv-induced-molecular-signaling-differences-in-melanoma-and-non-melanoma-skin-cancer
#13
Feng Liu-Smith, Jinjing Jia, Yan Zheng
There are three major types of skin cancer: melanoma, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC and SCC are often referred to as non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). NMSCs are relatively non-lethal and curable by surgery, hence are not reportable in most cancer registries all over the world. Melanoma is the deadliest skin cancer. Its incidence rate (case number) is about 1/10th of that for NMSC, yet its death toll is ~8 fold higher than NMSC.Melanomas arise from melanocytes which are normally located on the basement membrane with dendrites extending into the epidermal keratinocytes...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123214/evolution-of-facial-color-pattern-complexity-in-lemurs
#14
Hanitriniaina Rakotonirina, Peter M Kappeler, Claudia Fichtel
Interspecific variation in facial color patterns across New and Old World primates has been linked to species recognition and group size. Because group size has opposite effects on interspecific variation in facial color patterns in these two radiations, a study of the third large primate radiation may shed light on convergences and divergences in this context. We therefore compiled published social and ecological data and analyzed facial photographs of 65 lemur species to categorize variation in hair length, hair and skin coloration as well as color brightness...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121864/comparative-transcriptome-and-dna-methylation-analyses-of-the-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-skin-color-variations-in-crucian-carp-carassius-carassius-l
#15
Yongqin Zhang, Jinhui Liu, Wen Fu, Wenting Xu, Huiqin Zhang, Shujuan Chen, Wenbin Liu, Liangyue Peng, Yamei Xiao
BACKGROUND: Crucian carp is a popular ornamental strain in Asia with variants in body color. To further explore the genetic mechanisms underlying gray and red body color formation in crucian carp, the skin transcriptomes and partial DNA methylation sites were obtained from red crucian carp (RCC) and white crucian carp (WCC). Here, we show significant differences in mRNA expression and DNA methylation sites between skin tissues of RCC and WCC. RESULTS: Totals of 3434 and 3683 unigenes had significantly lower and higher expression in WCC, respectively, compared with unigenes expressed in RCC...
November 9, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119317/prodigiosin-violacein-and-volatile-organic-compounds-produced-by-widespread-cutaneous-bacteria-of-amphibians-can-inhibit-two-batrachochytrium-fungal-pathogens
#16
Douglas C Woodhams, Brandon C LaBumbard, Kelly L Barnhart, Matthew H Becker, Molly C Bletz, Laura A Escobar, Sandra V Flechas, Megan E Forman, Anthony A Iannetta, Maureen D Joyce, Falitiana Rabemananjara, Brian Gratwicke, Miguel Vences, Kevin P C Minbiole
Symbiotic bacteria can produce secondary metabolites and volatile compounds that contribute to amphibian skin defense. Some of these symbionts have been used as probiotics to treat or prevent the emerging disease chytridiomycosis. We examined 20 amphibian cutaneous bacteria for the production of prodigiosin or violacein, brightly colored defense compounds that pigment the bacteria and have characteristic spectroscopic properties making them readily detectable, and evaluated the antifungal activity of these compounds...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118994/interval-mapping-for-red-green-skin-color-in-asian-pears-using-a-modified-qtl-seq-method
#17
Huabai Xue, Ting Shi, Fangfang Wang, Huangkai Zhou, Jian Yang, Long Wang, Suke Wang, Yanli Su, Zhen Zhang, Yushan Qiao, Xiugen Li
Pears with red skin are attractive to consumers and provide additional health benefits. Identification of the gene(s) responsible for skin coloration can benefit cultivar selection and breeding. The use of QTL-seq, a bulked segregant analysis method, can be problematic when heterozygous parents are involved. The present study modified the QTL-seq method by introducing a |Δ(SNP-index)| parameter to improve the accuracy of mapping the red skin trait in a group of highly heterozygous Asian pears. The analyses were based on mixed DNA pools composed of 28 red-skinned and 27 green-skinned pear lines derived from a cross between the 'Mantianhong' and 'Hongxiangsu' red-skinned cultivars...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117823/feasibility-and-advantages-of-full-thickness-skin-graft-from-the-anterolateral-thigh
#18
Seung-Han Shin, Chulkyu Kim, Yong-Suk Lee, Jin-Woo Kang, Yang-Guk Chung
BACKGROUND: Full thickness skin graft (FTSG) gives better outcomes than split thickness skin graft (STSG), but it has the drawback of limited donor sites. Anterolateral thigh (ALT), a popular donor site of STSG, is also a popular donor site of perforator flaps. This area has the advantage of large flap size available with primary closure. Based on this we harvested FTSG instead of STSG from the ALT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 10 cases of FTSG from the ALT, with the recipient site of foot in 3, ankle in 2, lower leg in 2, forearm in 2, and wrist in 1 patient...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117305/the-evolution-of-human-skin-color
#19
Apoorva Trivedi, Jinal Gandhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116316/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-early-childhood-2004-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#20
Vera Lucia Schmidt da Silva, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Alícia Matijasevich
Hospitalization is a frequent event in early childhood. In Brazil, the National Household Sample Survey of 2008 showed a 9% hospitalization rate among children in the first four years of life. The study aimed to describe the characteristics of hospitalization in the first six years of life and analyze the early factors associated with hospitalization in a birth cohort in southern Brazil. A zero-inflated Poisson model was used to simultaneously examine the effects of co-variables for the occurrence of a given event and to count events...
November 6, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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