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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#1
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884263/non-weight-bearing-and-weight-bearing-ultrasonography-of-select-foot-muscles-in-young-asymptomatic-participants-a-descriptive-and-reliability-study
#2
Patrick J Battaglia, Ross Mattox, Brett Winchester, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the reliability of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for select intrinsic foot muscles using both non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures. Our secondary aim was to describe the change in muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and dorsoplantar thickness when bearing weight. METHODS: An ultrasound examination was performed with a linear ultrasound transducer operating between 9 and 12 MHz. Long-axis and short-axis ultrasound images of the abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, and quadratus plantae were obtained in both the non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures...
November 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826402/the-prevalence-of-selected-intrinsic-risk-factors-for-ankle-sprain-among-elite-football-and-basketball-players
#3
Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Maryam Mirshahi, Mohammad Hosein Pourgharib Shahi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are among the most common sports- related injuries and the reinjury rate is very high. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of some intrinsic risk factors among professional football and basketball players with or without history of acute or recurrent ankle sprain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and six professional football and basketball players who were referred for pre-participation examinations were recruited in this study...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756836/effects-of-a-multicomponent-exercise-program-in-institutionalized-elders-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676893/articulated-vs-fixed-carbon-fiber-prosthesis-in-individual-with-partial-foot-amputation-study-case
#5
Marie Laberge-Malo, Reggie C Hamdy, Laurent Ballaz, Audrey Parent, Annie Pouliot
OBJECTIVE: Toe filler combined to ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) can be used to improve gait after a partial foot amputation. The AFO supports the plantar aspect of the foot, and the toe filler gives a longer lever arm that helps for pivoting over the lost metatarsals. However, the AFO type can influence gait parameters. The objective of this study case was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis with toe filler combined to: - an articulated AFO; - a fixed carbon-fiber AFO on gait. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A gait analysis was practiced on a 20-year-old male with a partial foot amputation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661857/standing-balance-stability-and-the-effects-of-light-touch-in-adults-with-profound-loss-of-vision-an-exploratory-study
#6
Aachal Kotecha, Andrew Royston Webster, Genevieve Wright, Michel Michaelides, Gary Stuart Rubin
Purpose: We evaluated the postural stability of adults with inherited profound vision loss and examined the effects of touch on their balance control. Methods: A total of 11 severely-sight impaired patients (mean [SD] age, 51.6 [5.3] years) and 11 control subjects (mean age, 49.7 [5.3] years) participated. Postural stability was measured using a force-balance platform eyes open/closed on a firm/foam surface under 3 test conditions: no touch, light touch, and unrestricted touch (UT), where "touch" involved placing their index finger on a rigid table...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580451/the-influence-of-foot-posture-on-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-and-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#7
Kathleen K Hogan, Cameron J Powden, Matthew C Hoch
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of foot posture on postural control and dorsiflexion range of motion in individuals with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional, single-blinded design. Twenty-one individuals with self-reported chronic ankle instability (male=5; age=23.76(4.18)years; height=169.27(11.46)cm; weight=73.65(13.37)kg; number of past ankle sprains=4.71(4.10); episode of giving way=17.00(18.20); Cumberland Ankle Instability Score=18...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541338/foot-alignments-influence-the-effect-of-knee-adduction-moment-with-lateral-wedge-insoles-during-gait
#8
Tomonori Sawada, Kazuki Tokuda, Kenji Tanimoto, Yoshitaka Iwamoto, Yuta Ogata, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
Lateral wedge insoles (LWIs) reduce the peak external knee adduction moment (KAM). However, the efficacy of LWIs is limited in certain individuals for whom they fail to decrease KAM. Possible explanations for a lack of desired LWI response are variations in foot alignments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the immediate biomechanical effects of LWIs depend on individual foot alignments during gait. Fifteen healthy adults participated in this study. Their feet were categorized as normal, pronated, and supinated using the foot posture index...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514675/analysis-of-relative-kinematic-index-with-normalized-standing-time-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#9
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial
PURPOSE: Although subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP) demonstrate altered postural control, their postural steadiness during one leg standing is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate postural steadiness based on relative kinematic index of the lower limbs and trunk with normalized standing time in subjects with recurrent LBP during dominant and non-dominant leg standing. METHODS: Sixty individuals participated in the study, including 29 subjects in the control group (18 male, 11 female) and 31 subjects with recurrent LBP (21 male, 10 female)...
August 11, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468312/establishing-normative-foot-posture-index-values-for-the-paediatric-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Jesus Montes-Alguacil, Pilar Alfageme-Garcia, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Alfonso Martinez-Nova
BACKGROUND: The Foot Posture Index (FPI) is an observational tool designed to measure the position of the foot. Its reliability is well established, and it provides normative reference values for the general population. However, this is not so for the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to determine FPI reference values in childhood, taking into account age and gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,762 school children (863 boys and 899 girls) aged 6-11 years, from Málaga, Granada and Plasencia (Spain)...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419113/effects-of-body-mass-index-on-foot-posture-alignment-and-core-stability-in-a-healthy-adult-population
#11
Sami S AlAbdulwahab, Shaji John Kachanathu
Foot biomechanics and core stability (CS) play significant roles in the quality of standing and walking. Minor alterations in body composition may influence base support or CS strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the body mass index (BMI) on the foot posture index (FPI) and CS in a healthy adult population. A total of 39 healthy adult subjects with a mean age of 24.3±6.4 years and over-weight BMI values between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 (27.43±6.1 kg/m2) participated in this study. Foot biomechanics were analyzed using the FPI...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399068/clinical-effects-of-lateral-wedge-arch-support-insoles-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#12
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee
We compared the short-term efficacy of rigid versus soft lateral wedge arch support (LWAS) insoles for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), as assessed using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) system, through a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Participants who fulfilled the combined radiographic and clinical criteria for knee OA, as defined by the American College of Rheumatology, were randomly prescribed 1 pair of rigid or soft LWAS insoles...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372400/inexperienced-examiners-and-the-foot-posture-index-a-reliability-study
#13
Patrick McLaughlin, Brett Vaughan, James Shanahan, Jake Martin, Gabriel Linger
The Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) is a reliable (experienced examiners) assessment tool used in clinical practice to classify foot posture. No work has been completed to determine the reliability of the FPI-6 between novice examiners. Therefore, the aim was to determine the inter-examiner reliability of the FPI-6 using two novice examiners (graduate level osteopathy students). The FPI-6 was used to classify the feet of 83 students recruited as part of a larger study. Data were collected simultaneously by both examiners, but there was no communication between them...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336689/the-influence-of-plantar-short-foot-muscle-exercises-on-foot-posture-and-fundamental-movement-patterns-in-long-distance-runners-a-non-randomized-non-blinded-clinical-trial
#14
Iwona Sulowska, Łukasz Oleksy, Anna Mika, Dorota Bylina, Jarosław Sołtan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of two kinds of plantar short foot muscles exercise on foot posture and fundamental movement patterns in long-distance runners. DESIGN: A parallel group non-blinded trial with 6-week follow-up. METHODS: Twenty five long-distance runners aged 22-35 years. They were divided into two groups. In group 1 (n = 13) subjects performed the exercise "Vele's Forward Lean" and "Reverse Tandem Gait" and in Group 2 (n = 12) the "Short Foot Exercise...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334976/a-cross-sectional-observational-study-comparing-foot-and-ankle-characteristics-in-people-with-stroke-and-healthy-controls
#15
Dorit Kunkel, Julia Potter, Louis Mamode
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and compare foot and ankle characteristics in people with stroke and healthy controls; and between stroke fallers and non-fallers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community groups and completed standardized tests assessing sensation, foot posture, foot function, ankle dorsiflexion and first metatarsal phalangeal joint range of motion (1st MPJ ROM), hallux valgus presence and severity. RESULTS: Twenty-three stroke participants (mean age 75...
June 23, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302428/association-between-foot-posture-index-and-ankle-sprain-in-indoor-football-players
#16
Afsaneh Safar Cherati, Masoud Dousti, Shima Younespour
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between foot type and ankle sprain incidence. METHOD: In a prospective cohort study using the FPI, 68 adult male and female indoor football (Futsal) players were measured and their feet were classified according to foot posture index (FPI) as neutral, supinated and pronated. They were followed over 6 month as a one competition season and at the end, any injuries at the ankle during this period were detected. RESULT: There was no significant association between FPI score (considering the total FPI score and its six components) and occurrence of ankle sprain...
1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274423/influence-of-injury-on-dynamic-postural-control-in-runners
#17
Stacey Meardon, Anna Klusendorf, Thomas Kernozek
BACKGROUND: Injury has been linked with altered postural control in active populations. The association between running injury and dynamic postural control has not been examined. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine dynamic postural control in injured and uninjured runners using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Time to Stabilization (TTS) of ground reaction forces following a single-leg landing, and postural stability indices reflecting the fluctuations in GRFs during single-leg landing and stabilization tasks (forward and lateral hop)...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134384/range-of-motion-muscle-length-and-balance-performance-in-older-adults-with-normal-pronated-and-supinated-feet
#18
Maria Justine, Dhiya Ruzali, Ezzaty Hazidin, Aisyah Said, Saiful Adli Bukry, Haidzir Manaf
[Purpose] To compare the lower limb joint range of motion and muscle length between different types of foot posture, and determine the correlation of range of motion and muscle length with balance performance. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety individuals (age, 65.2±4.6 years) were assessed using the Foot Posture Index to determine their type of foot (Normal [0 to +5], pronated [+6 to +9], and supinated [-1 to -4]; n=30 per group). The range of motion (goniometer), muscle length (goniometer and tape measure), and balance performance (functional reach test and four square step test) were measured for each participant...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127541/the-relationship-between-foot-posture-body-mass-age-and-ankle-lower-limb-and-whole-body-flexibility-in-healthy-children-aged-7-to-15%C3%A2-years
#19
Fiona Hawke, Keith Rome, Angela Margaret Evans
BACKGROUND: The complex relationship between foot posture, flexibility, body mass and age in children is not well understood. The objectives of this post hoc analysis were to explore the relationships between foot posture, flexibility, body mass in children aged seven to 15 years. METHODS: Thirty healthy, asymptomatic children (20 girls, 10 boys) aged 7 to 15 years with a mean age (SD) of 10.7 (2.3) years, were recruited through the Auckland University of Technology (AUT) Podiatry Clinic, Auckland, New Zealand...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037441/an-investigation-into-the-aetiology-of-flexible-flat-feet-the-role-of-subtalar-joint-morphology
#20
A Kothari, S Bhuva, J Stebbins, A B Zavatsky, T Theologis
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that flexible flatfoot (FF) can lead to symptoms and impairment in health-related quality of life. As such we undertook an observational study investigating the aetiology of this condition, to help inform management. The hypothesis was that as well as increased body mass index (BMI) and increased flexibility of the lower limb, an absent anterior subtalar articulation would be associated with a flatter foot posture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 84 children aged between eight and 15 years old were prospectively recruited...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
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