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foot posture index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843277/application-of-zebris-dynamometric-platform-and-arch-index-in-assessment-of-the-longitudinal-arch-of-the-foot
#1
Karol Bibrowicz, Tomasz Szurmik, Robert Michnik, Piotr Wodarski, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Andrzej Mitas
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the foot arch is an important element of posture examination. In clinical practice, different methods are used. Reliability and repeatability of the techniques raises many doubts. OBJECTIVE: Development and verification of our own, automated diagnostic algorithm for evaluation of the longitudinal arch of the foot with the use of the Zebris FDM-S dynamometric platform. METHODS: This paper presents selected footprints assessment methods and Zebris dynamometric platform to assess the longitudinal arch of the foot...
May 18, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748108/the-sensitivity-of-thresholds-by-ground-reaction-force-and-postural-stability-in-subjects-with-and-without-navicular-drop
#3
Paul S Sung
Understanding plantar pressure changes is an important component of the functional evaluation of subjects with flat foot. However, the altered postural control determined by the threshold from the vertical ground reaction force (GRF) requires clarification. The purpose of our study was to investigate the various GRF thresholds in subjects with and without flat foot during 1-leg standing. We included 34 control subjects and 30 subjects with flat foot in the present study. They performed the 1-leg standing test for 30 seconds, with the contralateral hip and knee flexed approximately 90°...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742725/relationship-between-foot-posture-and-dental-malocclusions-in-children-aged-6-to-9-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ana Marchena-Rodríguez, Noelia Moreno-Morales, Edith Ramírez-Parga, María Teresa Labajo-Manzanares, Alejandro Luque-Suárez, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
The aim of this study was to determine the association, if any, between foot posture and dental malocclusions in the anteroposterior plane, in children.The study population consisted of 189 children (95 boys and 94 girls) aged 6 to 9 years. In every case, previous informed consent was requested and obtained from the parent/guardian and the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Málaga (CEUMA 26/2015H).This observational, descriptive, cross-sectional analysis is based on a study population (STROBE)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740569/kinetic-analysis-of-downward-step-posture-according-to-the-foothold-heights-and-visual-information-blockage-in-cargo-truck
#5
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
The study was undertaken to compare and analyze kinetic variables during downward foot-on according to the foothold heights under interrupted-visual information on 25-t cargo truck. Skilled adult male drivers (n=10) engaged in cargo truck driving over 1 year participated in the experiment. The results obtained from cinematographic and ground reaction force data during downward foot-on as follows; First, leg stiffness, peak vertical force (PVF) and loading rate showed significant difference as an increase of foothold heights, that is, interrupted-visual information showed greater impulse force than as was not...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685563/changes-in-rearfoot-alignment-in-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#6
Kadir Ilker Yildiz, Abdulhamit Misir, Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Mustafa Cukurlu
Plantar heel pain is a common disabling condition in adults. Biomechanical factors are important in the development of plantar heel pain. Quantitative changes in rearfoot alignment in patients with plantar heel pain have not been previously investigated. From April 2016 to March 2017, 100 patients with plantar heel pain and 100 healthy individuals were recruited. The foot posture index was used for the measurement of foot alignment. The generalized joint hypermobility condition was assessed using the Beighton scale...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684886/the-effects-of-three-quarter-and-full-length-foot-orthoses-on-knee-mechanics-in-healthy-subjects-and-patellofemoral-pain-patients-when-walking-and-descending-stairs
#7
J Burston, J Richards, J Selfe
BACKGROUND: An increased load of the patellofemoral joint is often attributed to foot function in patients with patellofemoral pain. Foot orthoses are commonly prescribed for this condition; however the mechanisms by which they work are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of the knee between patellofemoral pain patients and a group of healthy subjects when using a standardised foot orthosis prescription during walking and step descent...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604617/foot-posture-development-in-children-aged-5-to11-years-a-three-year-prospective-study
#8
Alfonso Martínez-Nova, Gabriel Gijón-Noguerón, Pilar Alfageme-García, Jesús Montes-Alguacil, Angela Margaret Evans
BACKGROUND: The paediatric flatfoot is a common presentation but it is unclear whether the condition will resolve on its own as the child gets older or whether treatment is required. Therefore, the study objective was to evaluate paediatric foot posture, and anthropometry, in children at two time points, three years apart. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 1032 healthy children (505 boys, 527 girls; aged 5-11 years) was recruited for foot posture index (FPI) and anthropometry assessment (weight, height and body mass index, BMI)...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574363/effect-of-static-foot-posture-on-the-dynamic-stiffness-of-foot-joints-during-walking
#9
E Sanchis-Sales, J L Sancho-Bru, A Roda-Sales, J Pascual-Huerta
BACKGROUND: The static foot posture has been related to the development of lower limb injuries. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to investigate the dynamic stiffness of foot joints during gait in the sagittal plane to understand the role of the static foot posture in the development of injuries. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult male subjects with different static postures, assessed by the Foot Posture Index (FPI) (30 normal, 20 highly pronated and 20 highly supinated), were recruited...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573666/foot-posture-is-associated-with-plantar-pressure-during-gait-a-comparison-of-normal-planus-and-cavus-feet
#10
Andrew K Buldt, Saeed Forghany, Karl B Landorf, Pazit Levinger, George S Murley, Hylton B Menz
BACKGROUND: Variations in foot posture, such as pes planus (low medial longitudinal arch) or pes cavus (high medial longitudinal arch) are associated with some lower limb injuries. However, the mechanism that links foot posture to injury is not clear. Research question The aim of this study was to compare plantar pressure between healthy individuals with normal, planus or cavus feet. METHODS: Ninety-two healthy volunteers (aged 18 to 45) were classified as either normal (n = 35), pes planus (n = 31) or pes cavus (n = 26) based on the Foot Posture Index, Arch Index and normalised navicular height truncated...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511666/pre-and-postoperative-postural-regulation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Thomas Bartels, Kay Brehme, Martin Pyschik, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Souhail Hermassi, René Schwesig
There are currently no longitudinal data describing the pre- and postoperative postural regulation and stability of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate postural regulation and stability prior to and during rehabilitation following surgery of the ACL. Fifty-four physically active subjects (age: 30.5±10.9 years, 29 male subjects) were examined with the Interactive Balance System pre-, 6, and at 12 weeks following surgical reconstruction of the ACL using a hamstring tendon graft...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510789/between-day-reliability-of-pre-participation-screening-components-in-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#12
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Critical appraisal of research investigating risk factors for musculoskeletal injury in dancers suggests high quality reliability studies are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine between-day reliability of pre-participation screening (PPS) components in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Thirty-eight dancers (35 female, 3 male; median age; 18 years; range: 11 to 30 years) participated. Screening components (Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28, body mass index, percent total body fat, total bone mineral density, Foot Posture Index-6, hip and ankle range of motion, three lumbopelvic control tasks, unipedal dynamic balance, and the Y-Balance Test) were conducted one week apart...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502451/does-the-type-of-sport-practised-influence-foot-posture-and-knee-angle-differences-between-footballers-and-swimmers
#13
Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Irene Garcia-Paya, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila
This aim of this study is to observe the differences in foot posture and the angle of the knee according to different physical activities. Seventy-eight football players and 72 swimmers were recruited, and in each case a foot posture analysis, based on the foot posture index (FPI), was conducted and the Q angle of the knee was determined. The following mean values were obtained for the lower extremities: in the swimmers, FPI 6.45 ± 2.04 and Q angle 15.38º ± 3.79º. In the footballers, FPI 2.23 ± 1.72 and Q angle 13...
March 4, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441131/centre-of-pressure-characteristics-in-normal-planus-and-cavus-feet
#14
Andrew K Buldt, Saeed Forghany, Karl B Landorf, George S Murley, Pazit Levinger, Hylton B Menz
Background: The aim of this study was to compare centre of pressure (COP) characteristics between healthy adults with normal, planus or cavus feet who were allocated to groups based on reliable foot posture measurement techniques. Methods: Ninety-two healthy adult participants (aged 18 to 45) were recruited and classified as either normal ( n  = 35), pes planus ( n  = 31) or pes cavus ( n  = 26) based on Foot Posture Index, Arch Index and normalised navicular height truncated measurements...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428292/reliability-of-foot-posture-index-individual-and-total-scores-for-adults-and-older-adults
#15
Mariana R C Aquino, Bruna S Avelar, Paula L Silva, Juliana M Ocarino, Renan A Resende
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) is valid and reliable to evaluate foot posture of adults and children. However, studies with adults had some important limitations. In addition, it is not clear if FPI-6 is reliable for older adults. Variations in foot structure, such as edema, bone callosity and bunions, are more frequent in older adults, which may compromise FPI-6 reliability for this population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate test-retest and inter-rater reliability of FPI-6 total and individual scores for the assessment of foot posture of adults and older adults...
February 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414117/structural-differences-in-the-lower-extremities-in-children-aged-7-9-years-caused-by-playing-football-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Salvador Diaz-Miguel, Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Salomon Benhamu-Benhamu, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Raquel García-De-La-Peña, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity during childhood can be beneficial in the long term. However, this practice can influence the child's physiological development. The aim of this study was to determine whether the practice of soccer, in moderation, could be a risk factor for the inadequate development of the lower limb. METHODS: The study group was composed of 115 children, of whom 59 (mean age 8.03±0.89years) practised soccer 3 times a week and had a positive Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A) score, while a further 56 (mean age 7...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413796/varus-thrust-visualized-during-gait-was-associated-with-inverted-foot-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-study
#17
Hiroshi Ohi, Hirotaka Iijima, Naoto Fukutani, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Hiromu Ito, Shuichi Matsuda, Abe Kaoru
The foot is speculated to play a role in knee joint kinematics. This exploratory cross-sectional study examined the association between static foot posture and the presence of varus thrust visualized during gait in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). Patients (n = 88 patients and 134 knees; age, 61-91 years; 68.2% female) with Kellgren/Lawrence (K/L) grade ≥1 in the medial compartment were included in this study and underwent gait observation for varus thrust. These patients' three-dimensional static foot posture while standing was evaluated and their tibiofemoral joint K/L grades and anatomical axis angles were also assessed as covariates...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413791/contributions-of-foot-muscles-and-plantar-fascia-morphology-to-foot-posture
#18
Salih Angin, Karen J Mickle, Christopher J Nester
BACKGROUND: The plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia differ between different foot postures. However, how each individual plantar structure contribute to foot posture has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between static foot posture and morphology of plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia and thus the contributions of these structures to static foot posture. METHODS: A total of 111 participants were recruited, 43 were classified as having pes planus and 68 as having normal foot posture using Foot Posture Index assessment tool...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373799/the-role-of-the-vascular-and-structural-response-to-activity-in-the-development-of-achilles-tendinopathy-a-prospective-study
#19
Evi Wezenbeek, Tine Willems, Nele Mahieu, Martine De Muynck, Luc Vanden Bossche, Adelheid Steyaert, Dirk De Clercq, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Several risk factors have been suggested in the development of Achilles tendinopathy, but large-scale prospective studies are limited. PURPOSE: To investigate the role of the vascular response to activity of the Achilles tendon, tendon thickness, ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC) of tendon structure, and foot posture as possible risk factors in the development of Achilles tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
March 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368210/foot-posture-in-female-patients-5-years-after-breast-conserving-surgery-a-case-control-study
#20
Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Magdalena Sowa, Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Zygmunt Siedlecki, Wojciech Hagner, Wojciech Zegarski
PURPOSE: Along with the improvement in the outcomes of breast cancer treatment being observed in the recent years, long-term studies to assess distant adverse effects of the treatment have become increasingly important. The objective of this study was to assess the foot posture in patients subjected to breast-conserving therapy. The assessment was made 5 years after the surgical procedure. METHODS: 116 female patients (mean age of 58.75 years) were qualified into a case-control study...
May 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
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