keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

foot posture index

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394688/distance-between-the-malleoli-and-the-grounda-new-clinical-method-to-measure-leg-length-discrepancy
#1
Estela Gomez Aguilar, Águeda Gómez Domínguez, Carolina Peña-Algaba, José M Castillo-López
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to introduce a useful method for the clinical diagnosis of leg-length inequality: distance between the malleoli and the ground (DMG). METHODS: A transversal observational study was performed on 17 patients with leg-length discrepancy. Leg-length inequality was determined with different clinical methods: with a tape measure in a supine position from the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) to the internal and external malleoli, as the difference between the iliac crests when standing (pelvimeter), and as asymmetry between ASISs (PALpation Meter [PALM]; A&D Medical Products Healthcare, San Jose, California)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394675/influence-of-age-sex-and-anthropometric-determinants-on-the-foot-posture-index-in-a-pediatric-population
#2
Ana María Jimenez-Cebrian, María Francisca Morente-Bernal, Pedro Daniel Román-Bravo, Juan Francisco Saucedo-Badía, Juan Antonio Alonso-Ríos, Alonso Montiel-Luque
BACKGROUND: The Foot Posture Index (FPI) is a clinical tool for diagnosis that aims to quantify the grade of a foot position as neutral, pronated, or supinated. Its purpose is to develop a simple six-factor method for rating foot posture with an easy and quantitative result. We evaluated possible differences in the FPI by sex and the influences of age, weight, height, foot size, and body mass index (BMI) on foot posture. METHODS: In 150 asymptomatic children (79 boys and 71 girls) aged 8 to 13 years, we determined weight, height, BMI, and FPI in the bipedal, static, and relaxed position...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390293/comparison-of-foot-muscle-morphology-and-foot-kinematics-between-recreational-runners-with-normal-feet-and-with-asymptomatic-over-pronated-feet
#3
Xianyi Zhang, Jeroen Aeles, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Over-pronated feet are common in adults and are associated with lower limb injuries. Studying the foot muscle morphology and foot kinematic patterns is important for understanding the mechanism of over-pronation related injuries. The aim of this study is to compare the foot muscle morphology and foot inter-segmental kinematics between recreational runners with normal feet and those with asymptomatic over-pronated feet. A total of 26 recreational runners (17 had normal feet and 9 had over-pronated feet) participated in this study and their foot type was assessed using the 6-item Foot Posture Index...
March 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370219/association-of-bilateral-flat-feet-with-knee-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hirotaka Iijima, Hiroshi Ohi, Takuya Isho, Tomoki Aoyama, Naoto Fukutani, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Kaoru Abe, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of flat feet with knee pain, disability, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Orthopedic clinic participants (n = 95; age 61-91 years; 68.4% women) with Kellgren-Lawrence [K/L] grade ≥1 in the medial compartment underwent evaluation of navicular height and foot length for flat feet. Knee pain intensity, disability, and physical performance were evaluated using the Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure, 10-meter walk, timed up and go, and five-repetition chair stand tests...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326869/design-and-evaluation-of-vibratory-shoe-on-balance-control-for-elderly-subjects-technical-note
#5
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Farzam Farahmand, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Reza Fadayevatan, Ehsan Abdollahi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aging often results in a decline in somatosensory function, and such changes are associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor function through a mechanism known as stochastic resonance (SR). This paper describes the development and testing of a new vibrating shoe to possibly assist the elderly patients in controlling their balance and decreasing their falling risks. TECHNIQUE: The new vibrating shoe was evaluated to ascertain its ability to generate appropriate random and nonlinear vibrations...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259028/influence-of-foot-posture-on-the-functioning-of-the-windlass-mechanism
#6
Rachel Lucas, Mark Cornwall
The absence of a functioning windlass mechanism may delay re-supination of the foot during locomotion and put excess stress on the mid-tarsal joint and soft tissues of the foot. The purpose of this study was to describe the foot posture of individuals that have an impaired or absent windlass mechanism. Forty-seven individuals (34 females and 13 males) with a mean age of 26 years were recruited to participate in this study. The Foot Posture Index was used to visually assess the posture of both feet. In addition, a digital gauge was used to measure dorsal arch height and midfoot width in bilateral resting standing...
January 17, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257946/the-kinetic-and-kinematic-stability-measures-in-healthy-adult-subjects-with-and-without-flat-foot
#7
Paul S Sung, J Timothy Zipple, John M Andraka, Pamela Danial
BACKGROUND: Flat foot problems are associated with impaired mobility and postural stability. The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematic and kinetic indices during one leg standing between subjects with and without flat foot. METHODS: Forty-four participants enrolled in the study, including 22 subjects with flat foot and 22 control subjects. The measurements included kinematic stability on the trunk as well as kinetic stability from a force plate. All participants were asked to maintain one leg standing with the contralateral hip and knee flexed to approximately 90° for 25seconds...
January 27, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149661/biomechanical-podiatric-evaluation-in-an-italian-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Giovanni Ravenni, Benedetta Ciampi, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy
OBJECTIVE: Foot problems are often present in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients, however studies regarding podiatric problems related to SSc are lacking and there are no data evaluating the foot biomechanical changes. The aim of the present pilot study was to evaluate podiatric problems in an Italian cohort of SSc patients by assessing received podiatric services, foot pain and disability and biomechanical foot deformity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 25 consecutive SSc patients were enrolled from the Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#9
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884263/non-weight-bearing-and-weight-bearing-ultrasonography-of-select-foot-muscles-in-young-asymptomatic-participants-a-descriptive-and-reliability-study
#10
Patrick J Battaglia, Ross Mattox, Brett Winchester, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the reliability of diagnostic ultrasound imaging for select intrinsic foot muscles using both non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures. Our secondary aim was to describe the change in muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and dorsoplantar thickness when bearing weight. METHODS: An ultrasound examination was performed with a linear ultrasound transducer operating between 9 and 12 MHz. Long-axis and short-axis ultrasound images of the abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, and quadratus plantae were obtained in both the non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing postures...
November 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826402/the-prevalence-of-selected-intrinsic-risk-factors-for-ankle-sprain-among-elite-football-and-basketball-players
#11
Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Maryam Mirshahi, Mohammad Hosein Pourgharib Shahi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are among the most common sports- related injuries and the reinjury rate is very high. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of some intrinsic risk factors among professional football and basketball players with or without history of acute or recurrent ankle sprain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and six professional football and basketball players who were referred for pre-participation examinations were recruited in this study...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756836/effects-of-a-multicomponent-exercise-program-in-institutionalized-elders-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676893/articulated-vs-fixed-carbon-fiber-prosthesis-in-individual-with-partial-foot-amputation-study-case
#13
Marie Laberge-Malo, Reggie C Hamdy, Laurent Ballaz, Audrey Parent, Annie Pouliot
OBJECTIVE: Toe filler combined to ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) can be used to improve gait after a partial foot amputation. The AFO supports the plantar aspect of the foot, and the toe filler gives a longer lever arm that helps for pivoting over the lost metatarsals. However, the AFO type can influence gait parameters. The objective of this study case was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis with toe filler combined to: - an articulated AFO; - a fixed carbon-fiber AFO on gait. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A gait analysis was practiced on a 20-year-old male with a partial foot amputation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661857/standing-balance-stability-and-the-effects-of-light-touch-in-adults-with-profound-loss-of-vision-an-exploratory-study
#14
Aachal Kotecha, Andrew Royston Webster, Genevieve Wright, Michel Michaelides, Gary Stuart Rubin
Purpose: We evaluated the postural stability of adults with inherited profound vision loss and examined the effects of touch on their balance control. Methods: A total of 11 severely-sight impaired patients (mean [SD] age, 51.6 [5.3] years) and 11 control subjects (mean age, 49.7 [5.3] years) participated. Postural stability was measured using a force-balance platform eyes open/closed on a firm/foam surface under 3 test conditions: no touch, light touch, and unrestricted touch (UT), where "touch" involved placing their index finger on a rigid table...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580451/the-influence-of-foot-posture-on-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-and-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#15
Kathleen K Hogan, Cameron J Powden, Matthew C Hoch
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of foot posture on postural control and dorsiflexion range of motion in individuals with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional, single-blinded design. Twenty-one individuals with self-reported chronic ankle instability (male=5; age=23.76(4.18)years; height=169.27(11.46)cm; weight=73.65(13.37)kg; number of past ankle sprains=4.71(4.10); episode of giving way=17.00(18.20); Cumberland Ankle Instability Score=18...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541338/foot-alignments-influence-the-effect-of-knee-adduction-moment-with-lateral-wedge-insoles-during-gait
#16
Tomonori Sawada, Kazuki Tokuda, Kenji Tanimoto, Yoshitaka Iwamoto, Yuta Ogata, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
Lateral wedge insoles (LWIs) reduce the peak external knee adduction moment (KAM). However, the efficacy of LWIs is limited in certain individuals for whom they fail to decrease KAM. Possible explanations for a lack of desired LWI response are variations in foot alignments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the immediate biomechanical effects of LWIs depend on individual foot alignments during gait. Fifteen healthy adults participated in this study. Their feet were categorized as normal, pronated, and supinated using the foot posture index...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514675/analysis-of-relative-kinematic-index-with-normalized-standing-time-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#17
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial
PURPOSE: Although subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP) demonstrate altered postural control, their postural steadiness during one leg standing is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate postural steadiness based on relative kinematic index of the lower limbs and trunk with normalized standing time in subjects with recurrent LBP during dominant and non-dominant leg standing. METHODS: Sixty individuals participated in the study, including 29 subjects in the control group (18 male, 11 female) and 31 subjects with recurrent LBP (21 male, 10 female)...
February 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468312/establishing-normative-foot-posture-index-values-for-the-paediatric-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Jesus Montes-Alguacil, Pilar Alfageme-Garcia, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Alfonso Martinez-Nova
BACKGROUND: The Foot Posture Index (FPI) is an observational tool designed to measure the position of the foot. Its reliability is well established, and it provides normative reference values for the general population. However, this is not so for the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to determine FPI reference values in childhood, taking into account age and gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,762 school children (863 boys and 899 girls) aged 6-11 years, from Málaga, Granada and Plasencia (Spain)...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419113/effects-of-body-mass-index-on-foot-posture-alignment-and-core-stability-in-a-healthy-adult-population
#19
Sami S AlAbdulwahab, Shaji John Kachanathu
Foot biomechanics and core stability (CS) play significant roles in the quality of standing and walking. Minor alterations in body composition may influence base support or CS strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the body mass index (BMI) on the foot posture index (FPI) and CS in a healthy adult population. A total of 39 healthy adult subjects with a mean age of 24.3±6.4 years and over-weight BMI values between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 (27.43±6.1 kg/m2) participated in this study. Foot biomechanics were analyzed using the FPI...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399068/clinical-effects-of-lateral-wedge-arch-support-insoles-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee
We compared the short-term efficacy of rigid versus soft lateral wedge arch support (LWAS) insoles for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), as assessed using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) system, through a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Participants who fulfilled the combined radiographic and clinical criteria for knee OA, as defined by the American College of Rheumatology, were randomly prescribed 1 pair of rigid or soft LWAS insoles...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
73175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"