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foot posture index

Marie Laberge-Malo, Reggie C Hamdy, Laurent Ballaz, Audrey Parent, Annie Pouliot
OBJECTIVE: Toe filler combined to ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) can be used to improve gait after a partial foot amputation. The AFO supports the plantar aspect of the foot, and the toe filler gives a longer lever arm that helps for pivoting over the lost metatarsals. However, the AFO type can influence gait parameters. The objective of this study case was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis with toe filler combined to: - an articulated AFO; - a fixed carbon-fiber AFO on gait. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A gait analysis was practiced on a 20-year-old male with a partial foot amputation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Aachal Kotecha, Andrew Royston Webster, Genevieve Wright, Michel Michaelides, Gary Stuart Rubin
Purpose: We evaluated the postural stability of adults with inherited profound vision loss and examined the effects of touch on their balance control. Methods: A total of 11 severely-sight impaired patients (mean [SD] age, 51.6 [5.3] years) and 11 control subjects (mean age, 49.7 [5.3] years) participated. Postural stability was measured using a force-balance platform eyes open/closed on a firm/foam surface under 3 test conditions: no touch, light touch, and unrestricted touch (UT), where "touch" involved placing their index finger on a rigid table...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Kathleen K Hogan, Cameron J Powden, Matthew C Hoch
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of foot posture on postural control and dorsiflexion range of motion in individuals with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional, single-blinded design. Twenty-one individuals with self-reported chronic ankle instability (male=5; age=23.76(4.18)years; height=169.27(11.46)cm; weight=73.65(13.37)kg; number of past ankle sprains=4.71(4.10); episode of giving way=17.00(18.20); Cumberland Ankle Instability Score=18...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Tomonori Sawada, Kazuki Tokuda, Kenji Tanimoto, Yoshitaka Iwamoto, Yuta Ogata, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
Lateral wedge insoles (LWIs) reduce the peak external knee adduction moment (KAM). However, the efficacy of LWIs is limited in certain individuals for whom they fail to decrease KAM. Possible explanations for a lack of desired LWI response are variations in foot alignments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the immediate biomechanical effects of LWIs depend on individual foot alignments during gait. Fifteen healthy adults participated in this study. Their feet were categorized as normal, pronated, and supinated using the foot posture index...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial
PURPOSE: Although subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP) demonstrate altered postural control, their postural steadiness during one leg standing is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate postural steadiness based on relative kinematic index of the lower limbs and trunk with normalized standing time in subjects with recurrent LBP during dominant and non-dominant leg standing. METHODS: Sixty individuals participated in the study, including 29 subjects in the control group (18 male, 11 female) and 31 subjects with recurrent LBP (21 male, 10 female)...
August 11, 2016: European Spine Journal
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Jesus Montes-Alguacil, Pilar Alfageme-Garcia, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Alfonso Martinez-Nova
BACKGROUND: The Foot Posture Index (FPI) is an observational tool designed to measure the position of the foot. Its reliability is well established, and it provides normative reference values for the general population. However, this is not so for the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to determine FPI reference values in childhood, taking into account age and gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,762 school children (863 boys and 899 girls) aged 6-11 years, from Málaga, Granada and Plasencia (Spain)...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Sami S AlAbdulwahab, Shaji John Kachanathu
Foot biomechanics and core stability (CS) play significant roles in the quality of standing and walking. Minor alterations in body composition may influence base support or CS strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the body mass index (BMI) on the foot posture index (FPI) and CS in a healthy adult population. A total of 39 healthy adult subjects with a mean age of 24.3±6.4 years and over-weight BMI values between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 (27.43±6.1 kg/m2) participated in this study. Foot biomechanics were analyzed using the FPI...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee
We compared the short-term efficacy of rigid versus soft lateral wedge arch support (LWAS) insoles for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), as assessed using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) system, through a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Participants who fulfilled the combined radiographic and clinical criteria for knee OA, as defined by the American College of Rheumatology, were randomly prescribed 1 pair of rigid or soft LWAS insoles...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Patrick McLaughlin, Brett Vaughan, James Shanahan, Jake Martin, Gabriel Linger
The Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) is a reliable (experienced examiners) assessment tool used in clinical practice to classify foot posture. No work has been completed to determine the reliability of the FPI-6 between novice examiners. Therefore, the aim was to determine the inter-examiner reliability of the FPI-6 using two novice examiners (graduate level osteopathy students). The FPI-6 was used to classify the feet of 83 students recruited as part of a larger study. Data were collected simultaneously by both examiners, but there was no communication between them...
June 21, 2016: Manual Therapy
Iwona Sulowska, Łukasz Oleksy, Anna Mika, Dorota Bylina, Jarosław Sołtan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of two kinds of plantar short foot muscles exercise on foot posture and fundamental movement patterns in long-distance runners. DESIGN: A parallel group non-blinded trial with 6-week follow-up. METHODS: Twenty five long-distance runners aged 22-35 years. They were divided into two groups. In group 1 (n = 13) subjects performed the exercise "Vele's Forward Lean" and "Reverse Tandem Gait" and in Group 2 (n = 12) the "Short Foot Exercise...
2016: PloS One
Dorit Kunkel, Julia Potter, Louis Mamode
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and compare foot and ankle characteristics in people with stroke and healthy controls; and between stroke fallers and non-fallers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community groups and completed standardized tests assessing sensation, foot posture, foot function, ankle dorsiflexion and first metatarsal phalangeal joint range of motion (1st MPJ ROM), hallux valgus presence and severity. RESULTS: Twenty-three stroke participants (mean age 75...
June 23, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Afsaneh Safar Cherati, Masoud Dousti, Shima Younespour
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between foot type and ankle sprain incidence. METHOD: In a prospective cohort study using the FPI, 68 adult male and female indoor football (Futsal) players were measured and their feet were classified according to foot posture index (FPI) as neutral, supinated and pronated. They were followed over 6 month as a one competition season and at the end, any injuries at the ankle during this period were detected. RESULT: There was no significant association between FPI score (considering the total FPI score and its six components) and occurrence of ankle sprain...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Stacey Meardon, Anna Klusendorf, Thomas Kernozek
BACKGROUND: Injury has been linked with altered postural control in active populations. The association between running injury and dynamic postural control has not been examined. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine dynamic postural control in injured and uninjured runners using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Time to Stabilization (TTS) of ground reaction forces following a single-leg landing, and postural stability indices reflecting the fluctuations in GRFs during single-leg landing and stabilization tasks (forward and lateral hop)...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Maria Justine, Dhiya Ruzali, Ezzaty Hazidin, Aisyah Said, Saiful Adli Bukry, Haidzir Manaf
[Purpose] To compare the lower limb joint range of motion and muscle length between different types of foot posture, and determine the correlation of range of motion and muscle length with balance performance. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety individuals (age, 65.2±4.6 years) were assessed using the Foot Posture Index to determine their type of foot (Normal [0 to +5], pronated [+6 to +9], and supinated [-1 to -4]; n=30 per group). The range of motion (goniometer), muscle length (goniometer and tape measure), and balance performance (functional reach test and four square step test) were measured for each participant...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Fiona Hawke, Keith Rome, Angela Margaret Evans
BACKGROUND: The complex relationship between foot posture, flexibility, body mass and age in children is not well understood. The objectives of this post hoc analysis were to explore the relationships between foot posture, flexibility, body mass in children aged seven to 15 years. METHODS: Thirty healthy, asymptomatic children (20 girls, 10 boys) aged 7 to 15 years with a mean age (SD) of 10.7 (2.3) years, were recruited through the Auckland University of Technology (AUT) Podiatry Clinic, Auckland, New Zealand...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
A Kothari, S Bhuva, J Stebbins, A B Zavatsky, T Theologis
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that flexible flatfoot (FF) can lead to symptoms and impairment in health-related quality of life. As such we undertook an observational study investigating the aetiology of this condition, to help inform management. The hypothesis was that as well as increased body mass index (BMI) and increased flexibility of the lower limb, an absent anterior subtalar articulation would be associated with a flatter foot posture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 84 children aged between eight and 15 years old were prospectively recruited...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
María Bravo-Aguilar, Gabriel Gijón-Noguerón, Alejandro Luque-Suarez, Javier Abian-Vicen
BACKGROUND: Running can be considered a high-impact practice, and most people practicing continuous running experience lower-limb injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of 45 min of running on foot posture and plantar pressures. METHODS: The sample comprised 116 healthy adults (92 men and 24 women) with no foot-related injuries. The mean ± SD age of the participants was 28.31 ± 6.01 years; body mass index, 23.45 ± 1.96; and training time, 11...
March 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Ana María Jiménez-Cebrián, María Teresa Labajos-Manzanares, Francisco Javier Barón-López, Paul Bennet
BACKGROUND: Of all of the lower-extremity injuries with multifactorial causes, heel pain represents the most frequent reason for visits to health-care professionals. Managing patients with heel pain can be very difficult. The purpose of this research was to identify key variables that can influence foot health in patients with heel pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was performed with 62 participants recruited from the Educational Welfare Unit of the University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain...
March 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Janusz W Błaszczyk
Force-plate posturography is a simple method that is commonly used in the contemporary laboratory and clinic to assess postural control. Despite the obvious advantages and popularity of the method, universal standards for posturographic tests have not been developed thus far: most postural assessments are based on the standard spatiotemporal metrics of the center-of-foot pressure (COP) recorded during quiet stance. Unfortunately, the standard COP characteristics are strongly dependent on individual experimental design and are susceptible to distortions such as the noise of signal digitalization, which often makes the results from different laboratories incomparable and unreliable...
February 2016: Gait & Posture
A Kothari, P C Dixon, J Stebbins, A B Zavatsky, T Theologis
The role of flexible flat feet (FF) in the development of musculoskeletal symptoms at joints proximal to the ankle is unclear. We undertook an observational study to investigate the relationship between foot posture and the proximal joints in children. It was hypothesised that reduced arch height would be associated with proximal joint symptoms and altered gait kinematics and kinetics particularly in the transverse plane at the hip and knee. Ninety-five children between the ages of 8-15 were recruited into this ethically approved study...
March 2016: Gait & Posture
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