Read by QxMD icon Read


Saul Wilson, Kingsley O Abode-Iyamah, John W Miller, Chandan G Reddy, Sina Safayi, Douglas C Fredericks, Nicholas D Jeffery, Nicole A DeVries-Watson, Sara K Shivapour, Stephanus Viljoen, Brian D Dalm, Katherine N Gibson-Corley, Michael D Johnson, George T Gillies, Matthew A Howard
OBJECTIVE: To develop a large animal model of spinal cord injury (SCI), for use in translational studies of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in the treatment of spasticity. We seek to establish thresholds for the SCS parameters associated with reduction of post-SCI spasticity in the pelvic limbs, with implications for patients. STUDY DESIGN: The weight-drop method was used to create a moderate SCI in adult sheep, leading to mild spasticity in the pelvic limbs. Electrodes for electromyography (EMG) and an epidural spinal cord stimulator were then implanted...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
D Francomano, A Ilacqua, A Cortese, G Tartaglia, A Lenzi, M Inghilleri, A Aversa
PURPOSE: Men affected by multiple sclerosis often experience neurogenic overactive bladder (OAB), lower urinary tract symptoms and erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of the study was to investigate modifications of urinary and sexual functions after administration of daily tadalafil (TAD) 5 mg. METHODS: Twenty men were enrolled in a single-blind, 4-week prospective study while 10 men without treatment served as controls. Primary outcomes were changes from baseline of International Prostate Symptom (IPSS), OAB questionnaire (OAB-q-short form) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) scores...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Preeti D Oza, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Richard K Shields
H-reflex depression (diminution of amplitude after a conditioning stimulus) is mediated presynaptically and therefore can help distinguish central versus peripheral mechanisms of fatigue. We examined the effects of a dynamic exercise protocol on H-reflex depression using two conditioning methods: homonymous conditioning (paired-pulse tibial nerve stimulation); and heteronymous conditioning (common peroneal nerve stimulation). Ten subjects performed dynamic contractions of the soleus muscle through 30° ankle range of motion...
October 13, 2016: Motor Control
Amelia A Miramonti, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Preeti D Oza, Joseph P Weir, Joel T Cramer
INTRODUCTION: This study examined relationships among mechanomyographic (MMG), electromyographic (EMG), and peak twitch torque (PTT) responses as well as test-retest reliability when recorded during recruitment curves in the soleus muscle. METHODS: PTT, EMG (M-wave, H-reflex), and MMG responses were recorded during recruitment curves in 16 subjects (age=24±2y) on 2 separate days. The sum of the M-wave and H-reflex (M+H) was calculated. Correlations among variables and test-retest reliability were determined...
October 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Marjorie Kerzoncuf, Laurent Bensoussan, Jean Michel Viton, Alain Delarque, Christiane Rossi Durand
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic effects of intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin-type A on spasticity can be largely explained by its blocking action at the neuromuscular junction. BTx-A is assumed also to have a central action by affecting the functional organization of the CNS. The objective was to assess its action on spinal motor networks by investigating the post-activation depression (post-AD) of the soleus H-reflex in post-stroke patients. Post-AD that is a presynaptic mechanism controlling the synaptic efficacy of Ia-motoneuron transmission is involved in the pathophysiology of spasticity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Morteza Ahmadi, Giti Torkaman, Sedigheh Kahrizi, Mojdeh Ghabaee, Leila Dadashi Arani
CONTEXT: Despite the widespread use of whole body vibration (WBV), especially in recent years, its neurophysiological mechanism is still unclear and it is yet to be determined whether acute and short term WBV exposure produce neurogenic enhancement for agility. OBJECTIVE: To compare the acute and short-term effects of WBV, on the H-reflex recruitment curve and agility . DESIGN: Cross over study. SETTING: Clinical electrophysiology lab...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alessandra Del Felice, Verena Daloli, Stefano Masiero, Paolo Manganotti
BACKGROUND: Different transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) paradigms have been implemented to treat poststroke spasticity, but discordant results have been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy and persistence of dual tDCS (anode over affected motor cortex [M1] and cathode over contralateral M1) compared with cathodal tDCS (cathode over contralateral M1) on upper limb (UL) functional, behavioral, and neurophysiological measures in chronic poststroke individuals...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
K Azma, S A Raeissadat, A Hosseini, H Mahmoudi, M Sepehrian, Z Salehi
OBJECTIVE: To delineate H-reflex parameters and specify the diagnostic accuracy measures of thenar muscle H-reflex in Fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: The study was a cross sectional study performed on 30 subjects with FM and 30 healthy volunteers in two major referral hospitals. We recorded the number of obtainable thenar H-reflexes and their minimum latency, threshold and amplitude in each group. RESULTS: There was a significantly more chance to elicit the H-reflex in patients with FM...
April 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Jennifer C Andrews, Richard B Stein, Kelvin E Jones, Douglas M Hedden, James K Mahood, Marc J Moreau, Eric M Huang, François D Roy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) can be used to condition post-activation depression of the H-reflex and simultaneously monitor the integrity of spinal motor pathways during spinal deformity correction surgery. METHODS: In 20 pediatric patients undergoing corrective surgery for spinal deformity, post-activation depression of the medial gastrocnemius H-reflex was initiated by delivering two pulses 50-125ms apart, and the second H-reflex was conditioned by TES...
October 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Taylor Rigel, Benjamin Farmer, Dustin Lee, Melissa Keightley, Elizabeth Arnold, Maruf Hoque, Manning Sabatier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kyung-Min Kim, Joseph M Hart, Susan Saliba, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT:  Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) present with decreased modulation of the Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) from a simple to a more challenging task. The neural alteration is associated with impaired postural control, but the relationship has not been investigated in individuals with CAI. OBJECTIVE:  To determine differences in H-reflex modulation and postural control between individuals with or without CAI and to identify if they are correlated in individuals with CAI...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Sébastien Pavailler, Nicolas Forestier, Frédérique Hintzy, Nicolas Horvais, Thomas Lapole
External ankle supports, such as ankle braces, may improve postural stability by stimulating cutaneous receptors. It remains unknown whether these supports have an effect on the posture central regulation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of wearing a soft ankle brace on soleus H-reflex amplitude and presynaptic inhibition during standing. Sixteen subjects stood on a rigid floor with their eyes opened, either barefoot or wearing a soft ankle brace. H-reflex amplitude was measured on the soleus muscle by stimulating the tibial nerve electrically...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Xiang Yang Chen, Yu Wang, Yi Chen, Lu Chen, Jonathan R Wolpaw
The inferior olive (IO) is essential for operant down-conditioning of the rat soleus H-reflex, a simple motor skill. To evaluate the role of the IO in long-term maintenance of this skill, the H-reflex was down-conditioned over 50 days, the IO was chemically ablated, and down-conditioning continued for up to 102 more days. H-reflex size just before IO ablation averaged 62(±2SE)% of its initial value (p<0.001 vs. initial). After IO ablation, H-reflex size rose to 75-80% over ~10 days, remained there for ~30 days, rose over 10 days to above its initial value, and averaged 140(±14)% for the final 10 days of study (p<0...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Satish Khadilkar, Bhagyadhan Patel, Khushnuma A Mansukhani, Sunila Jaggi
INTRODUCTION: Immune-mediated demyelinating radiculopathies restricted to proximal sensory or motor roots are uncommon. METHODS: We report the clinical, electrophysiological, biochemical, and radiological features in 2 patients with chronic immune sensorimotor polyradiculopathy (CISMP). RESULTS: The patients presented with sensory ataxia, weakness of the lower limbs, and areflexia. Electrophysiological studies revealed involvement of proximal sensorimotor roots, as evidenced by changes in somatosensory evoked potentials, F-waves, and H-reflexes...
August 17, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Kiyotaka Kamibayashi, Taku Kitamura, Tomoyoshi Komiyama, E Paul Zehr, Kimitaka Nakazawa
Both active and passive rhythmic limb movements reduce the amplitude of spinal cord Hoffmann (H-) reflexes in muscles of moving and distant limbs. This could have clinical utility in remote modulation of the pathologically hyperactive reflexes found in spasticity after stroke or spinal cord injury. However, such clinical translation is currently hampered by a lack of critical information regarding the minimum or effective duration of passive movement needed for modulating spinal cord excitability. We therefore investigated the H-reflex modulation in the flexor carpi radialis (FCR) muscle during and after various durations (5, 10, 15, and 30 min) of passive stepping in 11 neurologically normal subjects...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Jill Cannoy, Sam Crowley, Allen Jarratt, Kelly LeFevere Werts, Krista Osborne, Sohee Park, Arthur W English
Following peripheral nerve injury, moderate daily exercise conducted on a level treadmill results in enhanced axon regeneration and modest improvements in functional recovery. If the exercise is conducted on an upwardly inclined treadmill, even more motor axons regenerate successfully and reinnervate muscle targets. Whether this increased motor axon regeneration also results in greater improvement in functional recovery from sciatic nerve injury was studied. Axon regeneration and muscle reinnervation were studied in Lewis rats over an 11 wk postinjury period using stimulus evoked electromyographic (EMG) responses in the soleus muscle of awake animals...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Eung-Bin Lee, Yun Young Lee, Jae Min Lee, Su Min Son, Su-Kyeong Hwang, Soonhak Kwon, Sae Yoon Kim
PURPOSE: A limited number of studies have examined the link between F-wave abnormalities and clinical presentation in pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Therefore, this study examined the importance of F-wave abnormalities as a prognostic factor in pediatric GBS patients. METHODS: The records and electrodiagnostic studies (EDS) of 70 GBS patients were retrospectively evaluated, and divided into 2 groups according to the results of EDS. Group A (n=33) presented with F-wave abnormalities, and group B (n=26) exhibited normal findings...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Vedran Deletis, Isabel Fernández-Conejero
The risk of iatrogenic damage is very high in surgical interventions in or around the brainstem. However, surgical techniques and intraoperative neuromonitoring (ION) have evolved sufficiently to increase the likelihood of successful functional outcomes in many patients. We present a critical review of the methodologies available for intraoperative monitoring and mapping of the brainstem. There are three main groups of techniques that can be used to assess the functional integrity of the brainstem: 1) mapping, which provides rapid anatomical identification of neural structures using electrical stimulation with a hand-held probe, 2) monitoring, which provides real-time information about the functional integrity of the nervous tissue, and 3) techniques involving the examination of brainstem reflexes in the operating room, which allows for the evaluation of the reflex responses that are known to be crucial for most brainstem functions...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Valentin Doguet, Kazunori Nosaka, Mathieu Plautard, Raphaël Gross, Gaël Guilhem, Arnaud Guével, Marc Jubeau
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of isoload (IL) and isokinetic (IK) knee extensor eccentric exercises on changes in muscle damage and neuromuscular parameters to test the hypothesis that the changes would be different after IL and IK exercises. METHODS: Twenty-two young men were paired based on their strength and placed to IL (N = 11) or IK (N = 11) group. IL group performed 15 sets of 10 eccentric contractions with a 150% of pre-determined 1-RM load. IK group performed 15 sets of a number of maximal eccentric contractions matched set-by-set for the total amount of work and mean angular velocity with the IL group...
July 18, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Fernando Henrique Magalhães, Nathálie Clara Faria, Deisi Ferrari, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Evangelos Pappas, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: (s): To determine the association between the amplitude of vastus medialis (VM) Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) and pain level, self-reported physical function and chronicity of pain in women with patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory of biomechanics and motor control. PARTICIPANTS: Women diagnosed with PFP (N = 15) aged 18 to 35 years were recruited. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Worst pain level during the previous month, self-reported physical function and symptom duration (chronicity) were collected from the participants...
July 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"