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ankle foot index

Kristina Stanković, Brian G Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers, Toon Huysmans
Background: Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantification ignores the foot's vertical dimension and hence, does not allow accurate quantification of complex 3D foot shape. Methods: The shape variation of healthy 3D feet in a population of 31 adult women and 31 adult men who live in Belgium was studied using geometric morphometric methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Mustafa Kir, Gulay Kir
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pain is a frequently problem after orthopedic procedures like hallux valgus surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ankle block improves early and mid-term functional outcomes and postoperative pain management after hallux valgus surgery in patients receiving general anesthesia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial investigated 60 patients who underwent hallux valgus surgery under general anesthesia. Patients were prospectively randomized into two groups; general anesthesia only (Group A) and ankle block added to general anesthesia (Group B)...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Critical appraisal of research investigating risk factors for musculoskeletal injury in dancers suggests high quality reliability studies are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine between-day reliability of pre-participation screening (PPS) components in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Thirty-eight dancers (35 female, 3 male; median age; 18 years; range: 11 to 30 years) participated. Screening components (Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28, body mass index, percent total body fat, total bone mineral density, Foot Posture Index-6, hip and ankle range of motion, three lumbopelvic control tasks, unipedal dynamic balance, and the Y-Balance Test) were conducted one week apart...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Mostafa Allami, Amir Yavari, Amir Karimi, Mehdi Masoumi, Mohammadreza Soroush, Elahe Faraji
BACKGROUND: The ankle-foot injuries are among the war-related injuries that cause many serious secondary problems for a lifetime. This nationwide study aimed to assess health-related quality of life and the ability to perform activities of daily living in veterans with ankle-foot injuries due to the Iran-Iraq war. METHODS: A total of 1079 veterans with ankle-foot injuries were enrolled in a cross-sectional study from 2014 to 2016. Demographic characteristics, including age, gender, marital status, disability percent, educational level, employment and additional injuries, were collected...
November 29, 2017: Military Medical Research
Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
BACKGROUND: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran...
September 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
Kevin Deschamps, Giovanni Arnoldo Matricali, Bart Dingenen, Jente De Boeck, Sarah Bronselaer, Filip Staes
BACKGROUND: Investigate differences in multi-segment foot kinematics between controls and participants with chronic ankle instability during running with a midfoot striking pattern and to evaluate the effect of Low-Dye and High-Dye taping. METHODS: Three-dimensional multi-segment foot kinematics of 12 controls and 15 participants with chronic ankle instability were collected while running barefoot, and in both taping conditions. Ranges of motion occurring at each joint, each sub phase of stance, were compared between groups and between taping conditions (0-dimensional inference)...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Toshio Takayama, Jon S Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Complete revascularization, achieving inline flow to the foot through at least 1 patent tibioperoneal artery, is considered to be desirable for treating critical limb ischemia (CLI). Hybrid procedure, combined femoral endarterectomy and endovascular treatment, is commonly performed on patients with CLI because they often present with complicated lower extremity lesions involving the common femoral artery. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of complete revascularization (CR) achieved by hybrid procedure on limb salvage in patients with CLI...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Kathryn Iammarino, James Marrie, Mitchell Selhorst, Linda P Lowes
Background: Ankle injuries account for up to 40% of all sport related injuries. These injuries can result in weeks to months of missed sport or work. The PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) treatment is standard care for most acute ankle sprains. Recently, early mobilization in adults has been shown to decrease time off from sport or work, and the likelihood of developing chronic instability. To date, no research has been performed assessing the effectiveness of early mobilization in pediatric patients (<18 years)...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Samuel Fernández, Juan Carlos Parodi, Fabián Moscovich, Camilo Pulmari
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment of disabling intermittent claudication or critical limb threatening ischemia causing rest pain often fails or has partial response. METHODS: In this pilot study thirty-six patients (12 females) affected by disabling intermittent claudication or rest pain of the lower extremities were exposed to a daily 3 L water intake for up to six weeks. Cutaneous foot temperature, ankle/brachial index, time and distance of claudication and pain intensity were recorded before and at the completion of the hydration period...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Anthony Tickner, Cheri Klinghard, Jonathan F Arnold, Valerie Marmolejo
INTRODUCTION: As the majority of diabetic foot ulcerations (DFUs) occur on the plantar foot, excessive pressure is a major contributing factor to delayed healing. The gold standard for offloading is the total contact cast (TCC); yet, TCC use is contraindicated in patients with ischemia. Lower extremity ischemia typically presents in the more severe end stages of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). As PAD exists on a severity spectrum from mild to severe, designation of a clear cutoff where TCC use is an absolute contraindication would assist those who treat DFUs on a daily basis...
February 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Hayaka Yokota, Nobuaki Mizuguchi, Ryusuke Kakigi, Hiroki Nakata
We investigated corticospinal excitability during positive (execution) and negative (suppression) imageries for the right and left upper and lower limbs. In the Positive Imagery tasks, sixteen subjects were instructed to repeatedly imagine rotation of the index finger of the right or left hand, or the ankle of the right or left foot. In the Negative Imagery tasks, they were asked to imagine the suppression of movements for the index finger of the right or left hand, or the ankle of the right or left foot. A single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was delivered over the left hand primary motor cortex, and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle under all conditions...
February 18, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Benjamin R Williams, Dylan L McCreary, Michael Chau, Brian P Cunningham, Fernando Pena, Marc F Swiontkowski
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic implant removal following open reduction internal fixation of a fracture is a common procedure, especially in the foot and ankle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional change after the removal of symptomatic implants following ankle fracture open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) using the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) outcome score. We hypothesized that implant removal after ankle fracture would result in improved functional outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
M Chraim, S Krenn, H M Alrabai, H-J Trnka, P Bock
AIMS: Hindfoot arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nailing has been described as a surgical strategy to reconstruct deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy. This study presents case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with two different retrograde intramedullary straight compression nails in order to reconstruct the hindfoot and assess the results over a mid-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive patients and 19 operated feet with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a hindfoot arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary compression nail...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Álvaro Iborra-Marcos, Juan José Ramos-Álvarez, Guillermo Rodriguez-Fabián, Federico Del Castillo-González, Antonio López-Román, Carlos Polo-Portes, Manuel Villanueva-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid infiltration (CI) is commonly used for treatment of plantar fasciosis. In recent years, however, interest has grown in the use of intratissue percutaneous electrolysis (EPI) for the treatment of tendinopathies. The aim of our study was to compare the effectiveness of the above techniques in the treatment of plantar fasciosis. METHODS: The results achieved over a period of 1 year following the use of these techniques to treat plantar fasciosis were examined...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
J Chris Coetzee, J Kent Ellington, James A Ronan, Rebecca M Stone
BACKGROUND: The Broström procedure is the most commonly used lateral ligament repair for chronic instability, but there is concern about the strength of the repair and the risk of reinjury. Currently, the InternalBraceTM ligament augmentation repair is an accepted augmentation method for management of a Broström procedure. Our hypothesis was that augmentation of the Broström repair with an InternalBraceTM would allow accelerated rehabilitation and return to activity and would aid in stability of the repair without a tendency to stretch...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Moses Lee, Woo Jin Choi, Seung Hwan Han, Jinyoung Jang, Jin Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) fusion using a retrograde intramedullary (IM) nail is an effective salvage option for terminal-stage hindfoot problems. However, as many patients who receive TTC fusion bear unfavorable medical comorbidities, the risk of nonunion, infection and other complications increases. This study was performed to identify the factors influencing outcomes after TTC fusion using a retrograde IM nail. METHODS: Between September 2008 and February 2012, 34 consecutive patients received TTC fusion using a retrograde IM nail for limb salvage...
July 22, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
M Curtin, E Murphy, C Bryan, P Moroney
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is a common condition with in excess of 120 procedures described in the literature for its correction. Traditionally, distal metatarsal osteotomies have been employed in the treatment of mild deformities, with proximal osteotomies being reserved for more severe presentations. The Scarf osteotomy without internal fixation allows large translations which can successfully correct severe hallux valgus deformities, without limitations related to screw placement. METHODS: This is a retrospective single surgeon case series performed over a three year period...
March 9, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Hagen Schmal, Markus Walther, Anja Hirschmüller, Nina Bunert, Norbert P Südkamp, Alexander T Mehlhorn
BACKGROUND: Gastrocnemius recession (GR) has been introduced for treatment of forefoot overload syndrome (FOS). We questioned if GR leads to an altered forefoot load and weakness of plantarflexors in those patients. METHODS: 26 patients suffering from FOS and gastrocnemius tightness underwent GR. A strength power analysis of plantar flexors and a pedobarography was performed. Clinical outcome was measured by Foot Function Index (FFI). RESULTS: Plantarflexors are impaired about 40% six weeks and around 10% 24 weeks following GR compared to the contralateral side...
April 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Camilla Maccario, Nicola Serra, Chiara Ursino, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between symptomatic osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) and age, body mass index (BMI), quality of life (QOL), size and anatomic location. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with chronic OLTs were analyzed including BMI, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 divided into Mental (MCS) and Physical (PCS) score) and the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
April 23, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sanjit Reddy Konda, Abraham Michael Goch, Jack Haglin, Kenneth Andrew Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical and hospital quality outcomes of patients receiving the previously reported Reduced Effective Dose Using Computed Tomography In Orthopaedic iNjury (REDUCTION) imaging protocol. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart review SETTING:: Level I Trauma Center and affiliated Tertiary Care Hospital CenterPatients/Participants: fifty patients who received this protocol for acute traumatic fracture evaluation and met inclusion criteria were compared to a cohort of fifty patients matched for age and fracture type who previously received conventional CT scanning for acute traumatic fracture evaluation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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