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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334675/effects-of-running-retraining-on-biomechanical-factors-associated-with-lower-limb-injury
#1
Marcus D Dunn, David B Claxton, Graham Fletcher, Jonathan S Wheat, David M Binney
Injury risk is an important concern for runners; however, limited evidence exists regarding changes to injury risk following running style retraining. Biomechanical factors, such as absolute peak free moment, knee abduction impulse, peak foot eversion and foot eversion excursion, have been shown to predict lower limb injury. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Pose running retraining on biomechanical factors associated with lower limb running injury. Twenty uninjured recreational runners were pair-matched based on their five km run time performance and randomly assigned to control (n = 10) and intervention (three 2-h Pose running retraining sessions) groups (n = 10)...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332762/the-effect-of-foot-orthoses-on-joint-moment-asymmetry-in-male-children-with-flexible-flat-feet
#2
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi Shad, Reed Ferber
INTRODUCTION: It has been widely postulated that structural and functional misalignments of the foot, such as flat foot, may cause mechanical deviations of the lower limb during walking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foot orthoses on lower extremity joint moment asymmetry during the stance phase of walking in children with asymptomatic flexible flat feet. METHODS: Fourteen volunteer male children, clinically diagnosed with flexible flat feet, participated in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312468/survival-and-associated-risk-factors-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-amputations-caused-by-infectious-foot-gangrene
#3
Yu-Yao Huang, Cheng-Wei Lin, Hui-Mei Yang, Shih-Yuan Hung, I-Wen Chen
Background: Infectious gangrene of the foot is a serious complication of diabetes that usually leads to a certain level of lower-extremity amputation (LEA). Nevertheless, the long-term survival and factors associated with mortality in such patients have yet to be elucidated. Methods: A total of 157 patients with type 2 diabetes who received treatment for infectious foot gangrene at a major diabetic foot center in Taiwan from 2002 to 2009 were enrolled, of whom 90 had major LEAs (above the ankle) and 67 had minor LEAs (below the ankle)...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305093/pilot-assessment-of-the-angiosome-concept-by-intra-operative-fluorescence-angiography-after-tibial-bypass-surgery
#4
Ulrich Rother, Werner Lang, Raymund E Horch, Ingo Ludolph, Alexander Meyer, Olaf Gefeller, Susanne Regus
OBJECTIVES: The "angiosome" concept as a model for decision making in revascularisation of patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) has been subject to lively discussion in recent years. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to use intra-operative fluorescence angiography to provide further data on the angiosome concept on the level of microcirculation after tibial bypass surgery. DESIGN, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of 40 patients presenting with CLI Rutherford stage IV to VI before and after tibial bypass surgery...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304511/walking-measures-to-evaluate-assistive-technology-for-foot-drop-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#5
REVIEW
Georgia Andreopoulou, Thomas H Mercer, Marietta L van der Linden
BACKGROUND: Foot drop in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) often managed with assistive technologies, such as functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses. No evidence synthesis exists for the psychometric properties of outcomes used to evaluate the efficacy of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the outcome measures reported to assess the benefits of assistive technology for pwMS and then synthesize the psychometric evidence in pwMS for a subset of these measures...
December 25, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298501/minimally-invasive-distal-metatarsal-metaphyseal-osteotomy-of-the-lesser-toes-learning-curve
#6
Sabine Krenn, Sascha Albers, Peter Bock, Clemens Mansfield, Michel Chraim, Hans-Joerg Trnka
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a shorter surgical time, and in this study we focus on minimally invasive distal metatarsal metaphyseal osteotomy (DMMO). The operation seems to be less complex but requires a high learning curve. We report on our first patients to underline the need for extensive training and great awareness for the risks in the early learning stages. METHODS: We evaluated 27 patients (mean age = 60.9 years) with a mean follow-up time of 7...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298255/randomized-trial-comparing-suture-button-with-single-syndesmotic-screw-for-syndesmosis-injury
#7
Mette Renate Andersen, Frede Frihagen, Johan Castberg Hellund, Jan Erik Madsen, Wender Figved
BACKGROUND: This study compared clinical and radiographic results between patients who underwent stabilization of an acutely injured syndesmosis with a suture button (SB) and those treated with 1 quadricortical syndesmotic screw (SS). METHODS: Ninety-seven patients, 18 to 70 years old, with an ankle injury that included the syndesmosis were randomized to 2 groups: SB (48 patients) and SS (49). The main outcome measure was the score on the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scale...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284576/effect-of-obesity-on-total-ankle-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-postoperative-complications-requiring-surgical-revision
#8
REVIEW
Laura E Sansosti, Jennifer C Van, Andrew J Meyr
Total ankle arthroplasty has become an increasingly used alternative to ankle arthrodesis for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. However, despite progressive technological advances and the advent of multiple commercial implant systems, some concern remains for the relatively high complication and failure rates. The objective of the present investigation was to perform a systematic review of the incidence of complications in obese patients undergoing total ankle arthroplasty. We performed a review of electronic databases with the inclusion criteria of retrospective case series, retrospective clinical cohort analyses, and prospective clinical trials with ≥15 total participants, a mean follow-up period of ≥12 months, ≥1 defined cohort with a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m2, and a reported incidence rate of complications requiring revisional surgery at the final follow-up point...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284575/does-weight-reduction-affect-foot-structure-and-the-strength-of-the-muscles-that-move-the-ankle-in-obese-japanese-adults
#9
Xiaoguang Zhao, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Bokun Kim, Yasutomi Katayama, Kazuyuki Ogiso, Mutsumi Takenaka, Kiyoji Tanaka
Obesity is considered a major influential factor of foot structure and function. It has been reported to result in detrimental alterations of foot structure indicators and a decrease in muscle strength, which can lower the quality of life and increase the morbidity of obesity. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of weight reduction on foot structure and the strength of the muscles that move the ankle in obese adults. A total of 33 obese Japanese participants (mean body mass index 28...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278536/ability-of-functional-performance-tests-to-identify-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Adam B Rosen, Alan R Needle, Jupil Ko
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of functional performance tests (FPTs) in differentiating between individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and healthy controls. DATA SOURCES: The National Library of Medicine Catalog (PubMed), the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the SPORTDiscus, from inception to June 2017 were searched. Search terms consisted of: "Functional Performance Test*" OR "Dynamic Balance Test*" OR "Postural Stability Test*" OR "Star Excursion Balance Test*" OR "Hop Test*" AND "Ankle Instability" OR "Ankle Sprain...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278423/exercise-for-intermittent-claudication
#11
REVIEW
Risha Lane, Amy Harwood, Lorna Watson, Gillian C Leng
BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other, more invasive therapies for treatment of leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is the fourth update of a review first published in 1998. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine whether an exercise programme was effective in alleviating symptoms and increasing walking treadmill distances and walking times in people with intermittent claudication. Secondary objectives were to determine whether exercise was effective in preventing deterioration of underlying disease, reducing cardiovascular events, and improving quality of life...
December 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277111/the-value-of-motion-patient-reported-outcome-measures-are-correlated-with-range-of-motion-in-total-ankle-replacement
#12
Travis J Dekker, Kamran S Hamid, Andrew E Federer, John R Steele, Mark E Easley, James A Nunley, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: The proposed benefit of total ankle replacement (TAR) over ankle fusion is preserved ankle motion, thus we hypothesized that an increase in range of motion (ROM) is positively correlated with validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in individuals receiving TAR. METHODS: Patients undergoing TAR at a single academic medical center between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated in this study. In addition to a minimum of 2-year follow-up, complete preoperative and postoperative outcome measures for the Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI), Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) Bother and Function Indices, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were requisite for inclusion...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273188/ruptured-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-lateral-plantar-artery-after-tibiotalocalcaneal-fusion-with-retrograde-nail-a-rare-complication
#13
Silvampatti Ramaswamy Sundararajan, Ramakanth Rajagopalakrishnan, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
We report a rare presentation of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the lateral plantar artery following tibiotalocalcaneal fusion with a retrograde nail at 1 month after the index surgery. Although case reports of pseudoaneurysms of larger arteries such as the anterior tibial artery and posterior tibial artery after ankle surgery (e.g., ankle arthroscopy, implant removal, Ilizarov application) have been reported, we report a rare complication of a pseudoaneurysm of the lateral plantar artery. We discuss the anatomic considerations of the lateral plantar artery in the foot and the entry point of the retrograde nail to avoid this unusual complication...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250991/subjecting-the-ankle-brachial-index-to-timely-scrutiny-is-it-time-to-say-goodbye-to-the-abi
#14
Robert Trevethan
Although the ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been used as an indicator of peripheral artery disease and vascular supply to the foot for over 50 years, it is now associated with reservations and qualifying empirical evidence to the extent that the provocative step of abandoning it totally might be advisable. In this article, the results of three publications concerning the ABI are initially described in some depth and the results from eight additional publications are then summarized more briefly. Cumulatively, the research indicates that ABIs that seem to be normal, as well as those in the subnormal range, are often inflated by medial arterial calcification and can therefore produce a high proportion of false-negative screening test results for arterial disease as well as a misleadingly high impression of vascular sufficiency to the lower extremity...
December 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248245/outcomes-of-tibial-endovascular-intervention-in-patients-with-poor-pedal-runoff
#15
Hallie E Baer-Bositis, Taylor D Hicks, Georges M Haidar, Matthew J Sideman, Lori L Pounds, Mark G Davies
OBJECTIVE: Tibial interventions for critical limb ischemia are now commonplace. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of pedal runoff on patient-centered outcomes after tibial endovascular intervention. METHODS: A database of patients undergoing lower extremity endovascular interventions at a single urban academic medical center between 2006 and 2016 was retrospectively queried. Patients with critical ischemia (Rutherford 5 and 6) were identified. Preintervention angiograms were reviewed in all cases to assess pedal runoff...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240587/reclaiming-autologous-amputated-tissue-for-limb-salvage-of-a-diabetic-foot-burn-with-underlying-critical-limb-ischemia
#16
Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Andrew M Wishy, Kaitlyn I M West, David L Dawson, Sara E Dahle, John G Carson
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide pandemic that impacts more than 387 million people, with 29 million individuals affected in the United States alone. Diabetic patients have a 25% lifetime risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Having a DFU is associated with a risk of recurrence approaching 70%. In addition, 1 in 6 patients with DFU will have a lower-limb amputation, with an associated increase in mortality ranging from 47% to 70%. Therefore, limb salvage is critical in patients with DFU...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240584/dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-of-distal-extremities-and-acral-sites-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-27-cases
#17
Kabeer K Shah, Jonathan B McHugh, Andrew L Folpe, Rajiv M Patel
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) of the distal extremities and acral sites are extremely rare and incompletely characterized. Twenty-seven DFSP occurring in these sites were retrieved from our collective archives and reevaluated. Tumors occurred in 16 males and 11 females. Median age at presentation was 42.5 years (range, 7 to 78 y). Lesions involved the foot (18 with 6 in the toes and 2 on the plantar foot), distal ankle (4), hand (4 with 2 in the thumbs), and wrist (1). All cases showed predominantly classic DFSP morphology and were diffusely CD34 positive...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234565/reliability-of-ankle-foot-morphology-mobility-strength-and-motor-performance-measures
#18
John J Fraser, Rachel M Koldenhoven, Susan A Saliba, Jay Hertel
Background: Assessment of foot posture, morphology, intersegmental mobility, strength and motor control of the ankle-foot complex are commonly used clinically, but measurement properties of many assessments are unclear. Purpose: To determine test-retest and inter-rater reliability, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change of morphology, joint excursion and play, strength, and motor control of the ankle-foot complex. Design: Reliability study...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224059/lower-complication-rate-and-faster-return-to-sports-in-patients-with-acute-syndesmotic-rupture-treated-with-a-new-knotless-suture-button-device
#20
Christian Colcuc, Marc Blank, Thomas Stein, Florian Raimann, Sanjay Weber-Spickschen, Sebastian Fischer, Reinhard Hoffmann
PURPOSE: Suture button devices for tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries provide semirigid dynamic stabilization, but complications including knot irritation have been reported. No randomized trials of the new knotless suture button devices have been performed. We hypothesized that knotless suture button devices eliminate knot irritation and facilitate quicker return to sports. This study was performed to compare the clinical outcomes, complication rates, and time to return to sports between a new knotless suture button device and syndesmotic screw fixation...
December 9, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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