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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151449/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-foot-and-ankle-pain-among-nurses-at-a-university-hospital-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maki Tojo, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Naoko Amano, Akemi Ito, Machiko Futono, Yasunori Sato, Takako Naka, Seiji Kimura, Aya Sadamasu, Ryuichiro Akagi, Seiji Ohtori
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to clarify 1) the prevalence of foot and ankle pain and 2) the factors associated with foot and ankle pain among nurses. METHODS: Nurses working at a university hospital in Japan were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. The occurrence of foot and ankle pain in the previous month was assessed by using the Standardized Nordic Questionnaire and the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138208/validation-of-the-american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-ankle-hindfoot-scale-dutch-language-version-in-patients-with-hindfoot-fractures
#2
A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, P Ted Den Hoed, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Scale is among the most used questionnaires for measuring functional recovery after a hindfoot injury. Recently, this instrument was translated and culturally adapted into a Dutch version. In this study, the measurement properties of the Dutch language version (DLV) were investigated in patients with a unilateral hindfoot fracture. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective observational study...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135720/clinical-outcome-following-total-joint-replacement-and-arthrodesis-for-hallux-rigidus-a-systematic-review
#3
Jasper Stevens, Robin T A L de Bot, Joris P S Hermus, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Adhiambo M Witlox
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common cause of foot pain in the elderly and has a negative impact on quality of life. Several operative treatment options are available for feet that are refractory to conservative treatment. Of these, total joint replacement and arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint are the most commonly performed interventions. Nevertheless, it is still not known which intervention results in the best clinical outcome and the fewest complications. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies assessing outcome with the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society-Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal (AOFAS-HMI) score, Foot Function Index (FFI), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, or Short Form-36 (SF-36) in patients who underwent an arthrodesis or total joint replacement for the treatment of symptomatic hallux rigidus...
November 14, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132880/rivaroxaban-with-or-without-aspirin-in-patients-with-stable-peripheral-or-carotid-artery-disease-an-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Sonia S Anand, Jackie Bosch, John W Eikelboom, Stuart J Connolly, Rafael Diaz, Peter Widimsky, Victor Aboyans, Marco Alings, Ajay K Kakkar, Katalin Keltai, Aldo P Maggioni, Basil S Lewis, Stefan Störk, Jun Zhu, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Martin O'Donnell, Patrick J Commerford, Dragos Vinereanu, Nana Pogosova, Lars Ryden, Keith A A Fox, Deepak L Bhatt, Frank Misselwitz, John D Varigos, Thomas Vanassche, Alvaro A Avezum, Edmond Chen, Kelley Branch, Darryl P Leong, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Robert G Hart, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral artery disease have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Antiplatelet agents are widely used to reduce these complications. METHODS: This was a multicentre, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial for which patients were recruited at 602 hospitals, clinics, or community practices from 33 countries across six continents. Eligible patients had a history of peripheral artery disease of the lower extremities (previous peripheral bypass surgery or angioplasty, limb or foot amputation, intermittent claudication with objective evidence of peripheral artery disease), of the carotid arteries (previous carotid artery revascularisation or asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of at least 50%), or coronary artery disease with an ankle-brachial index of less than 0·90...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131657/variability-of-the-dynamic-stiffness-of-foot-joints-effect-of-gait-velocity-variation
#5
Enrique Sanchis, Joaquín Luis Sancho-Bru, Alba Roda-Sales, Javier Pascual Huerta
BACKGROUND: Comparison of dynamic stiffness of foot joints was previously proposed to investigate pathological situations with changes in the properties of muscle and passive structures. Samples must be controlled to reduce the variability within groups being compared, which may arise from different sources, such as gait speed or foot posture index (FPI). METHODS: In this work, variability in the measurement of the dynamic stiffness of ankle, midtarsal and metatarsophalangeal joints was studied in a controlled sample of healthy adult male subjects with normal FPI, and the effect of gait speed was analyzed...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103892/analysis-of-two-different-arthroscopic-brostr%C3%A3-m-repair-constructs-for-treatment-of-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-in-110-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
James M Cottom, Joseph Baker, Britton S Plemmons
Chronic lateral ankle instability is a common condition treated by most foot and ankle surgeons. Once conservative treatment has failed, patients often undergo surgical reconstruction, either anatomic or nonanatomic. The present retrospective cohort study compared the clinical outcomes of 2 different arthroscopic Broström procedures. A total of 110 patients (83 females [75.5%] and 27 males [24.5%]) were treated with 1 of the 2 lateral ankle stabilization techniques from October 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096182/prediction-of-calcaneal-bone-competence-from-biomechanical-accommodation-variables-measured-during-weighted-walking
#7
C Roger James, Lee T Atkins, Hyung Suk Yang, Janet S Dufek, Barry T Bates
Carrying weight while walking is a common activity associated with increased musculoskeletal loading, but not all individuals accommodate to the weight in the same way. Different accommodation strategies could lead to different skeletal forces, stimuli for bone adaptation and ultimately bone competence. The purpose of the study was to explore the relationships between calcaneal bone competence and biomechanical accommodation variables measured during weighted walking. Twenty healthy men and women (10 each; age 27...
October 30, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095303/platelet-rich-plasma-as-a-treatment-for-plantar-fasciitis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Wei-Yi Yang, Yan-Hong Han, Xue-Wei Cao, Jian-Ke Pan, Ling-Feng Zeng, Jiong-Tong Lin, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used as an alternative therapy for plantar fasciitis (PF) to reduce heel pain and improve functional restoration. We evaluated the current evidence concerning the efficacy and safety of PRP as a treatment for PF compared with the efficacy and safety of steroid treatments. METHODS: Databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library) were searched from their establishment to January 30, 2017, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PRP with steroid injections as treatments for PF...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083353/comparison-of-clinical-results-after-augmented-versus-direct-surgical-repair-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#9
Massimiliano Leigheb, Giuseppe Guzzardi, Francesco Pogliacomi, Luca Sempio, Federico A Grassi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Achilles tendon rupture is frequent and can result in a disabling condition. The ideal method of management remains a matter of debate. We aimed to compare the clinical outcome of patients who underwent surgical repair of Achilles tendon rupture with Silfverskiöld augmentation technique with gastrocnemius fascia flap versus Krackow end-to-end stitching technique. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients that were surgically treated for Achilles tendon rupture at our institution, between January 2000 and December 2015, using either Silfverskiöld or Krackow technique...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081702/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-foot-function-index-revised-ffi-r
#10
Kelly Cristina Stéfani, Miguel Viana Pereira, Pedro Rizzi Oliveira, Paloma Yan Lam Wun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the "Foot Function Index - Revised" (FFI-R) for use in Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS: The scale was translated and administered (as recommended by Guillemin, 2000) to 52 patients in the postoperative period after foot and ankle surgery. Seven days after the initial assessment, the scale was readministered by a different interviewer. The data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and analyzed using SPSS version 23...
September 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078057/short-term-results-of-a-ruptured-deltoid-ligament-repair-during-an-acute-ankle-fracture-fixation
#11
Seung Hun Woo, Su-Young Bae, Hyung-Jin Chung
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the optimal treatment or preferred method of operation for the management of acute deltoid ligament injuries during an ankle fracture fixation. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of repairing the deltoid ligament during the fixation of an ankle fracture compared to conservative management. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 78 consecutive cases of a ruptured deltoid ligament with an associated ankle fracture between 2001 and 2016...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069882/reconstruction-of-the-foot-using-a-superficial-inferior-epigastric-artery-free-flap
#12
Jin Ho Han, Hyun Woo Shin, Kun Chul Yoon, June-Kyu Kim
When foot reconstruction is performed in the pretibial area, the ankle, or the dorsum of the foot, the need for a reliable flap remains a challenge. We found that the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) free flap can be used as an alternative tool for this purpose, as it helps to solve the problems associated with other flaps. We describe 2 cases in which we reconstructed the foot using an SIEA free flap, which was pliable enough to fit the contours of the area. Postoperatively, the flaps were intact and showed excellent aesthetic results...
November 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065895/associations-between-community-based-physiotherapy-for-musculoskeletal-injury-and-health-related-quality-of-life-eq-5d-a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis
#13
Nick Caplan, H Robson, A Robson, G Barry, G Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Community-based musculoskeletal physiotherapy is used to improve function and health related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of this retrospective, multi-centre observational study was to determine the association between community-based physiotherapy management for musculoskeletal disorders and changes in HRQoL. METHODS: Four thousand one hundred twelve patients' data were included in the study. Patients were included if they received a single period of treatment for a musculoskeletal injury or disorder...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031012/the-role-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-bmi-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#14
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Ponzo, Angelo De Carli, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation is the standard treatment for displaced ankle fractures. However, the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and body mass index (BMI) are associated with poor bone quality, and these factors may predict the development of postoperative complications. The study aim was to assess the role of diabetes mellitus and BMI in wound healing in patients younger than 65 years who were surgically treated for malleoli fractures. METHODS: Ninety patients, aged from 18 to 65 years old, with surgically treated ankle fracture, were retrospectively enrolled...
October 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026933/measurement-properties-of-the-most-commonly-used-foot-and-ankle-specific-questionnaires-the-ffi-faos-and-faam-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
I N Sierevelt, R Zwiers, W Schats, D Haverkamp, C B Terwee, P A Nolte, G M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: In the foot and ankle literature, a wide range of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) is used, however, consensus as to which PROMs are preferred is lacking. Selection of a PROM is among other reasons, often based on measurement properties without considering the methodological quality of the studies that evaluate these measurement properties. The aim of current study was first to identify the most frequently used foot and ankle-specific PROMs in recent orthopaedic foot and ankle literature, and second to conduct a systematic review to synthesize and critically appraise the measurement properties of these PROMS...
October 12, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985577/characteristics-of-clinical-measurements-between-biomechanical-responders-and-non-responders-to-a-shoe-designed-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Yongwook Kim, Jim Richards, Roy H Lidtke, Renato Trede
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of biomechanical and clinical measurements in relation to the knee adduction moment when wearing a standard shoe and a shoe design for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (Flex-OA). METHODS: Kinematic and kinetic data were collected from thirty-two healthy individuals (64 knees) using a ten camera motion analysis system and four force plates. Subjects performed 5 walking trials under the two conditions and the magnitude of individuals' biomechanical responses where explored in relation to the clinical assessment of the Foot Posture Index, hip rotation range, strength of hip rotators, and active ankle-foot motion, all of which have been described as possible compensation mechanisms in knee osteoarthritis...
September 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976393/-approach-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-elderly
#17
Ozan Onur Balkanay, Suat Nail Ömeroğlu
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease, which usually develops on the basis of atherosclerosis and develops as a result of chronic arterial occlusive pathology, increases with age. Peripheral artery disease in the elderly patient population may be asymptomatic due to restrictive conditions associated with immobilization. Concurrent cerebrovascular disease and coronary artery disease risk and mortality rates are higher in elderly patients with peripheral artery disease. The life expectancy in patients with peripheral arterial disease is worse than in prostate cancer patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963162/the-association-of-body-mass-index-with-complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-surgery-for-closed-ankle-fractures
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
K Stavem, M G Naumann, U Sigurdsen, S E Utvåg
AIMS: This study assessed the association of classes of body mass index in kg/m(2) (classified as normal weight 18.5 kg/m(2) to 24.9 kg/m(2), overweight 25.0 kg/m(2) to 29.9 kg/m(2), and obese ≥ 30.0 kg/m(2)) with short-term complications and functional outcomes three to six years post-operatively for closed ankle fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study with chart review of 1011 patients who were treated for ankle fractures by open reduction and internal fixation in two hospitals, with a follow-up postal survey of 959 of the patients using three functional outcome scores...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963155/comparison-of-the-outcome-of-total-ankle-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-with-moderate-and-severe-varus-malalignment-and-that-with-neutral-alignment
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S-D Joo, K-B Lee
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) in patients with pre-operatively moderate and severe arthritic varus ankles to those achieved for patients with neutral ankles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 105 patients (105 ankles), matched for age, gender, body mass index, and follow-up duration, were divided into three groups by pre-operative coronal plane tibiotalar angle; neutral (< 5°), moderate (5° to 15°) and severe (> 15°) varus deformity...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957986/the-effect-of-obesity-on-surgical-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#20
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a retrospective comparison of surgical treatment outcomes for acute Achilles tendon ruptures in nonobese and obese patients. METHODS: Between October 2006 and April 2014, we studied 76 patients with acute midsubstance Achilles tendon rupture: 44 nonobese and 32 obese (body mass index >30 kg/m). Preoperative and postoperative function and pain were graded with the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) Sports subscale and the visual analog scale for pain, respectively...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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