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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145062/differentiating-multiple-vs-single-lifetime-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorders-a-retrospective-study
#1
Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: The risk of suicide in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been estimated up to 20-30 times higher compared with the general population. Previous suicide attempts (SAs) represent a well-established risk factor for further attempts and for death by suicide in patients with psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the socio-demographic and clinical profile of BD patients with a history of multiple SAs (MSAs). The present study sought to characterize BD patients with MSAs versus single suicide attempt (SSA) within a large Italian sample...
October 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135446/-cross-informant-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-adolescent-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-children-with-externalising-symptoms
#2
Dóra Szentiványi, József Halász, Lili O Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Martina Miklós, Mónika Miklósi, Szabina Velo, Péter Vida, Judit Balázs
BACKGROUND: It is well-known phenomena both in clinical practice and research, that there is a discrepancy between the parents' and children's report about children's Quality of Life (QoL). The purpose of our research was to examine the differences in self and caregiver's proxy report of child's QoL. We also compared mothers', fathers' and other caregivers' reports of children's QoL. METHODS: Patients with externalizing symptoms in their history, aged 13-18 years were selected from the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#3
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072191/compulsory-admissions-in-southwest-greece-2010-2011-a-descriptive-report
#4
M Skokou, P Gouma, P Gourzis
Compulsory admissions represent a significant proportion of psychiatric hospitalizations. A wide variation seems to exist internationally regarding legal frameworks, administrative procedures, detention rates and clinical practice. The aim of the present study is to describe qualitative and quantitative features of compulsory admissions in a large administrative area in southwest Greece, in order to identify targets for future research and possible remediation. Involuntary assessments and admissions in the Department of Psychiatry of the University Hospital of Patras were retrospectively assessed, during a 12-month period, for demographic features and data regarding legal procedures...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061416/prevalence-of-depression-among-middle-aged-women-in-the-rural-area-of-kerala
#5
Archana Ps, Soumitra Das, Sairu Philip, Rekha Rachel Philip, Jose Joseph, Varghese P Punnoose, Deepthilal Pachan Lalithambika
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Depression among women aged 40-60 years in the rural area of Kerala using Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Ambalappuzha is an area of rural background under the District of Alappuzha. The study was conducted by Preventive and Social Medicine department of Govt. T. D. Medical College, Kerala in collaboration with the department of Psychiatry with the help of Ambalappuzha health centre...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045768/a-brief-history-of-lithium-treatment-in-psychiatry
#6
Mark L Ruffalo
The history of lithium as a psychiatric medication is marked by its serendipitous discovery, its lengthy path to US Food and Drug Administration approval, and controversy surrounding its current status in bipolar disorder treatment. Without doubt, the discovery of lithium as a psychotropic agent forever changed the course of psychiatry. The drug's fascinating, and sometimes contentious, history is reviewed here.
October 12, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044445/development-of-a-screening-test-for-cognitive-impairment-in-alcoholic-population-tedca
#7
Rosa Jurado-Barba, Andrés Martínez, Ana Sion, María J Álvarez-Alonso, Adán Robles, Rafael Quinto-Guillen, Gabriel Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have found cognitive impairment in patients with a history of alcohol use disorder, affecting their psychosocial functioning and the achievement of therapeutic goals. In order to identify these effects, several cognitive screening tests have been used, though they were not specific for alcoholic population, possibly leading to an increase in the risk of error. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the main cognitive deficits in patients with history of alcohol use disorders, through the development of a specific screening test for alcohol-related cognitive impairment...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043906/parkinson-s-disease-and-the-quest-for-preclinical-diagnosis-an-interview-with-professor-werner-poewe
#8
Werner Poewe
Werner Poewe speaks to Laura Dormer, Editorial Director: Professor Werner Poewe is Professor of Neurology and Director of the Department of Neurology at Innsbruck Medical University in Innsbruck, Austria. He held a Residency in Clinical Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, from 1977 to 1984. From 1984 to 1985 he teamed up with Gerald Stern and Andrew Lees as a British Council Research Fellow at University College and Middlesex Hospital's Medical School in London to perform clinical studies into levodopa-induced dystonia and pharmacokinetics of levodopa in naive versus L-Dopa treated Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033793/from-serotonin-to-neuroplasticity-evolvement-of-theories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Bangshan Liu, Jin Liu, Mi Wang, Yan Zhang, Lingjiang Li
The serotonin (5-HT) hypothesis of depression has played an important role in the history of psychiatry, yet it has also been criticized for the delayed onset and inadequate efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). With evolvement of neuroscience, the neuroplasticity hypothesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) has been proposed and may provide a better framework for clarification the pathogenesis of MDD and antidepressant efficacy. In this article, we first summarized the evidence challenging the monoamine hypothesis and proposed that the antidepressant efficacy of SSRIs is not derived from elevated monoamine (5-HT, noradrenaline (NE), or dopamine (DA)) concentration or monoamine neurotransmission...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#10
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023285/predictors-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-a-large-inpatient-psychiatry-population
#11
Julia Knight, Micaela Jantzi, John Hirdes, Terry Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on reliable and clinically useful predictors of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use. We aimed to examine factors that predict ECT use in an inpatient psychiatric population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of a provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. The study includes all psychiatric inpatients 18 years or older in Ontario, Canada, assessed with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Mental Health (RAI-MH) within the first 3 days of admission between 2009 and 2014 (n = 153,023)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993711/social-impairments-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-are-related-to-maternal-immune-history-profile
#12
S Patel, A Masi, R C Dale, A J O Whitehouse, I Pokorski, G A Alvares, I B Hickie, E Breen, A J Guastella
Maternal immune activation has been highlighted as a factor that might increase the risk and severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. Preclinical animal evidence shows that immune activation in mothers during pregnancy causes ASD-like behavioural traits in offspring. To this point, there has been no investigation of whether immune system activation in human mothers during pregnancy is associated with more severe symptoms in children with ASD. In this study, data from an existing ASD cohort (N=220) were analysed to investigate whether immune conditions in the mother were associated with greater severity of autism-related symptoms...
October 10, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969442/psychiatric-genomics-an-update-and-an-agenda
#13
Patrick F Sullivan, Arpana Agrawal, Cynthia M Bulik, Ole A Andreassen, Anders D Børglum, Gerome Breen, Sven Cichon, Howard J Edenberg, Stephen V Faraone, Joel Gelernter, Carol A Mathews, Caroline M Nievergelt, Jordan W Smoller, Michael C O'Donovan
The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) is the largest consortium in the history of psychiatry. This global effort is dedicated to rapid progress and open science, and in the past decade it has delivered an increasing flow of new knowledge about the fundamental basis of common psychiatric disorders. The PGC has recently commenced a program of research designed to deliver "actionable" findings-genomic results that 1) reveal fundamental biology, 2) inform clinical practice, and 3) deliver new therapeutic targets...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965462/hearing-voices-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-irelandby-brendan-kelly-newbridge-ireland-irish-academic-press-2016-500-pp-45-40-hardcover
#14
John S McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956628/rotation-therapy-for-maniacs-melancholics-and-idiots-theory-practice-and-perception-in-european-medical-and-literary-case-histories
#15
Sheila Dickson
This article examines the development and use of rotation therapy in the emerging field of psychiatry at the beginning of the 19th century, and the cross-fertilization between British, Irish, German, French and other European proponents of 'Cox's Swing'. Its short-lived popularity is linked to prevalent Enlightenment thought, to the development of an industrial and technological society, to the modern medical theories of irritability, and to the new practice of 'moral management' of the mentally ill. Case studies documenting the use of the Swing are considered from these perspectives, and are compared with contemporary public reactions in the form of publications in newspapers and of a literary text by German Romantic author Ludwig Achim von Arnim...
September 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953837/emotionally-responsive-wearable-technology-and-stress-detection-for-affective-disorders
#16
Jenny Tillotson
As humans, we are born with no knowledge of odour. Our sense of smell is linked directly to the limbic system, the emotional part of our brain responsible for memory and behaviour, and therefore, our individual sense of smell is based purely on life's deep experiences and impressions. The roots of "Aromatherapy" can be traced back more than 3,500 years, to a time when essential oils were first recorded in human history for their therapeutic and medicinal properties. However, in the 21(st) century, it remains one of the most controversial complementary therapies applied in medicine because of its pseudoscience connotations and limited available data on health benefits, despite the importance of smell on human health...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948136/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-a-case-study
#17
Leila Glass, Sarah N Mattson
This grand rounds manuscript reviews important considerations in developing case conceptualizations for individuals with a history of prenatal alcohol exposure. This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual's history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary. We describe a 9-year old girl diagnosed with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE)...
June 2017: J Pediatr Neuropsychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924183/the-associations-of-earlier-trauma-exposures-and-history-of-mental-disorders-with-ptsd-after-subsequent-traumas
#18
R C Kessler, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, E J Bromet, O Gureje, E G Karam, K C Koenen, S Lee, H Liu, B-E Pennell, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, L Atwoli, G Borges, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, S F Gluzman, J M Haro, H Hinkov, N Kawakami, V Kovess-Masfety, F Navarro-Mateu, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, A Y Shalev, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky
Although earlier trauma exposure is known to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after subsequent traumas, it is unclear whether this association is limited to cases where the earlier trauma led to PTSD. Resolution of this uncertainty has important implications for research on pretrauma vulnerability to PTSD. We examined this issue in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys with 34 676 respondents who reported lifetime trauma exposure. One lifetime trauma was selected randomly for each respondent...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895984/-a-rare-cause-of-analgesic-resistant-chronic-headache-isolated-aspergilloma-of-the-sphenoid-sinus
#19
Emre Günbey, Kerim Aslan, Hediye Pınar Günbey, Rıfat Karlı, Şemsettin Kardaş
The diagnosis of sphenoid sinus diseases is difficult due to nonspecific history and physical examination findings. Sphenoid sinus is a rare localization for aspergilloma. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can result in serious complications. Presently described is case of sphenoid sinus aspergilloma. Patient had been treated by department of psychiatry for many years due to sleep disturbances and headache. Clinical and radiological features of rare case of sphenoid sinus aspergilloma are discussed.
April 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866725/dr-karol-de-beaurain-a-psychiatrist-s-profile-part-2
#20
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist, who was one of first Poles to use the psychoanalytic method in treatment. So far, he has been mostly known as the one who was Witkacy's psychoanalyst. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz and Eugenia Dunin-Borkowska are the first patients who are known by their names and who received psychoanalytic treatment in the history of the Polish medicine. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz's letters and drawings originating from the psychoanalysis period served as a source of information about Witkacy's psychoanalysis...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
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