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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924183/the-associations-of-earlier-trauma-exposures-and-history-of-mental-disorders-with-ptsd-after-subsequent-traumas
#1
R C Kessler, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, E J Bromet, O Gureje, E G Karam, K C Koenen, S Lee, H Liu, B-E Pennell, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, L Atwoli, G Borges, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, S F Gluzman, J M Haro, H Hinkov, N Kawakami, V Kovess-Masfety, F Navarro-Mateu, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, A Y Shalev, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky
Although earlier trauma exposure is known to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after subsequent traumas, it is unclear whether this association is limited to cases where the earlier trauma led to PTSD. Resolution of this uncertainty has important implications for research on pretrauma vulnerability to PTSD. We examined this issue in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys with 34 676 respondents who reported lifetime trauma exposure. One lifetime trauma was selected randomly for each respondent...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895984/-a-rare-cause-of-analgesic-resistant-chronic-headache-isolated-aspergilloma-of-the-sphenoid-sinus
#2
Emre Günbey, Kerim Aslan, Hediye Pınar Günbey, Rıfat Karlı, Şemsettin Kardaş
The diagnosis of sphenoid sinus diseases is difficult due to nonspecific history and physical examination findings. Sphenoid sinus is a rare localization for aspergilloma. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can result in serious complications. Presently described is case of sphenoid sinus aspergilloma. Patient had been treated by department of psychiatry for many years due to sleep disturbances and headache. Clinical and radiological features of rare case of sphenoid sinus aspergilloma are discussed.
April 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866725/dr-karol-de-beaurain-a-psychiatrist-s-profile-part-2
#3
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist, who was one of first Poles to use the psychoanalytic method in treatment. So far, he has been mostly known as the one who was Witkacy's psychoanalyst. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz and Eugenia Dunin-Borkowska are the first patients who are known by their names and who received psychoanalytic treatment in the history of the Polish medicine. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz's letters and drawings originating from the psychoanalysis period served as a source of information about Witkacy's psychoanalysis...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859569/introduction-neurosurgery-psychiatry-and-function-the-history-of-altering-behavior-thought-and-function-through-neurosurgery
#4
Mark C Preul, T Forcht Dagi, Charles J Prestigiacomo, Chris A Sloffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859568/a-brief-note-on-the-history-of-psychosurgery-in-japan
#5
Jiro Nudeshima, Takaomi Taira
In Japan, there has been no neurosurgical treatment for psychiatric disorders since the 1970s. Even deep brain stimulation (DBS) has not been studied or used for psychiatric disorders. Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders has been thwarted by social taboos for many years, and psychiatrists today seem to simply ignore modern developments and therapies offered by neurosurgery such as DBS. As a result, most patients and their families do not know such "last-resort" options exist. Historically, as in other countries, frontal lobotomies were widely performed in Japan in the 1940s and 1950s, and some Japanese neurosurgeons used stereotactic methods for the treatment of psychiatric disorders until the 1960s...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853045/-the-history-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-essay-about-a-long-development
#6
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein
The history of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria is very short - it was established first in 1975, finally it achieved the status of a seperate specialisation in 2007. In earlier years the name of this specialty was used under the guise of scientific interest for malpractice and child abuse or child murder during the times of the 2nd World War.But also, the development after 1945 showed how long abviant ideas could survive. During the last decade CAP showed a formidable development, quality and support of patient care improved significantly...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852260/-the-barking-girl-a-case-report-of-psychogenic-cough-in-a-child-with-a-review-of-literature
#7
Praveen Kumar Jakati, Subrata Naskar, Anisha Khanna
A 9-year-old girl presented with 2-month history of continuous coughing; despite detailed evaluation, no organic cause was found. Considering the provisional diagnosis of a psychogenic cough, she was advised for psychiatry consultation. After a psychological assessment, she was found to have comorbid anxiety (Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders score- 25) along with punitive parenting and sibling rivalry issues. She was initially treated with parental psychoeducation, play therapy, and behavior therapy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846023/quality-indicators-of-psychotropic-prescribing-to-people-with-dementia-in-aged-psychiatry-inpatient-units
#8
Daniel W O'Connor, Craig D'Cunha, Tanya Clifton, David Huppert, Helen Lowy, Stephen Macfarlane, Francine Moss, Christos Plakiotis, Dhiren Singh, Maria Tsanglis, Jodie Ten Hoeve, Erica White
OBJECTIVES: To develop indicators of safe psychotropic prescribing practices for people with dementia and to test them in a convenience sample of six aged mental health services in Victoria, Australia. METHOD: The clinical records of 115 acute inpatients were checked by four trained auditors against indicators derived from three Australian health care quality and safety standards or guidelines. Indicators addressed psychotropic medication history taking; the prescribing of regular and 'as needed' psychotropics; the documentation of psychotropic adverse reactions, and discharge medication plans...
August 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838544/arrhythmias-in-the-history-lovesickness
#9
REVIEW
Donatella Lippi
Lovesickness has been termed a real disorder, with a specific cause, pathogenesis, and cure: it has been attested to in the medical literature since classical times and may still have a place in current medicine in the frame of psychiatry and humoral disorders. Although in different cultures there is a general agreement on the symptoms, including fever, agitation, loss of appetite, headache, rapid breathing, and palpitations, the treatments vary greatly in the various cultural contexts.
September 2017: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832292/-intensive-follow-on-care-does-not-prevent-a-repeat-compulsory-admission-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#10
L F M van der Post, A T F Beekman, J Peen, J Zoeteman, J W R Twisk, J J M Dekker
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between psychiatric care consumption after a compulsory admission and the probability of a repeat compulsory admission. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with a 5-year follow-up. METHOD: Mental health care consumption was registered for 460 patients admitted compulsorily under the Dutch Psychiatric Care (Compulsory Admissions) Act by the Amsterdam Emergency Psychiatry service between 15 September 2004 and 14 September 2006, with socio-demographic and clinical data as independent variables...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829187/mass-killing-under-the-guise-of-ect-the-darkest-chapter-in-the-history-of-biological-psychiatry
#11
G Gazdag, G S Ungvari, H Czech
Following its inception, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), rapidly spread all over the world, including Nazi Germany. Paradoxically, at the same time, the euthanasia programme was started in Germany: the extermination of people with intellectual disabilities and severe psychiatric disorders. In Lower Austria, Dr Emil Gelny, who had been granted a specialist qualification in psychiatry after three months of clinical training, took control of two psychiatric hospitals, in Gugging and Mauer-Öhling. In 1944, he began systematically killing patients with an ECT machine, something that was not practised anywhere else before or after, and remains unprecedented in the history of convulsive therapy...
August 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826513/slicing-the-cortex-to-study-mental-illness-alois-alzheimer-s-pictures-of-equivalence
#12
Lara Keuck
Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915) was a German physician who specialized in psychiatry, and who is today known for the first description of a-in his own words-peculiar ailment (eigenartige Erkrankung), which was named after him. In his time, however, he was foremost recognized for his work in refining histopathological techniques and thereby contributing to the methodological arsenal for differential diagnosis in clinical psychiatry. In his laboratory that was based at the renowned Munich Psychiatric University Clinic led by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), Alzheimer, his assistants, and students conserved, prepared, and studied slices of deceased patients' brains under the microscope...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826267/inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-is-not-always-effective-in-adolescent-sample
#13
Barbara Remberk, Anna Katarzyna Bażyńska, Joanna Brągoszewska, Piotr Niwiński, Agnieszka Piróg-Balcerzak, Lidia Popek, Filip Rybakowski
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies confirm efficacy of psychiatric treatment as well as psychiatric placebo. The aim of the current study was the assessment of improvement rate and factors associated with treatment response in naturalistic group of adolescent inpatients. METHODS: Eighty two consecutive adolescent inpatients were recruited. Each patient at the admission and discharge was assessed with brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), eating attitude test (EAT-26), clinical global impression scale (CGI-S) and children global assessment scale (CGAS)...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#14
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800799/emergency-department-medical-clearance-of-patients-with-psychiatric-or-behavioral-emergencies-part-2-special-psychiatric-populations-and-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Al Alam, James Rachal, Veronica Theresa Tucci, Nidal Moukaddam
Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with mental illness or behavioral complaints merit workup for underlying physical conditions that can trigger, mimic, or worsen psychiatric symptoms. However, there are wide variations in quality of care for these individuals. Psychiatry and emergency medicine specialty guidelines support a tailored, customized approach to patients. Our group has long advocated a dynamic comanagement approach for medical clearance in the ED, and this article summarizes best-practice approaches to the medical clearance of patients with psychiatric illness, tips on history taking, system reviews, clinical/physical examination, and common pitfalls in the medical clearance process...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800798/emergency-department-medical-clearance-of-patients-with-psychiatric-or-behavioral-emergencies-part-1
#17
REVIEW
Veronica Theresa Tucci, Nidal Moukaddam, Al Alam, James Rachal
Patients presenting to the emergency department with mental illness or behavioral complaints merit workup for underlying physical conditions that can trigger, mimic, or worsen psychiatric symptoms. However, interdisciplinary consensus on medical clearance is lacking, leading to wide variations in quality of care and, quite often, poor medical care. Psychiatry and emergency medicine specialty guidelines support a tailored, customized approach. This article summarizes best-practice approaches to the medical clearance of patients with psychiatric illness, tips on history taking, system reviews, clinical or physical examination, and common pitfalls in the medical clearance process...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790490/expanding-the-health-care-pipeline-through-innovation-the-mcw-model
#18
John R Raymond, Cheryl A Maurana, Joseph E Kerschner
In 2016, the Association of American Medical Colleges projected a physician shortage in the United States of approximately 90,000; in the same year, the Wisconsin Hospital Association projected a shortage of 2,000 physicians in Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin has begun to address these shortages in three ways: 1) creation of immersive regional medical school campuses in Green Bay and Central Wisconsin, in partnership with rural serving health systems; 2) creation of rural-based psychiatry and family medicine residency programs in Green Bay and central Wisconsin; and 3) expansion of the scope of practice of pharmacists through creation of a new School of Pharmacy in collaboration with the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763085/-dr-ra%C3%A3%C2%BAl-gonz%C3%A3-lez-enr%C3%A3-quez-and-the-establishment-of-the-latin-american-psychiatric-association
#19
César Campos-Farfán
At the first World Psychiatry Congress (Paris, 1950), the Mexican doctor Raúl González Enríquez (1906-1952), at his own proposal and motion, created the Latin American Psychiatric Association (APAL), and the next year, between December 8th and 11th, 1951, with two branch offices already established in Mexico City and Jalapa, Veracruz, held the first APAL Congress, attended by delegates from 14 countries. That first Congress and the efforts of the founder have been maliciously dismissed in the annals of Hispanic American psychiatric history; thus, it is necessary to account for the events that passed, with the purpose of reclaiming the commendable work of such a distinguished, internationally renown psychiatrist...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#20
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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