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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645967/the-bipolar-illness-onset-study-research-protocol-for-the-bio-cohort-study
#1
Lars Vedel Kessing, Klaus Munkholm, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak, Lars Bo Nielsen, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Claus Ekstrøm, Ole Winther, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Roger S McIntyre, Flavio Kapczinski, Wagner F Gattaz, Jakob Bardram, Mads Frost, Oscar Mayora, Gitte Moos Knudsen, Mary Phillips, Maj Vinberg
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is an often disabling mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of 1%-2%, a high risk of recurrence of manic and depressive episodes, a lifelong elevated risk of suicide and a substantial heritability. The course of illness is frequently characterised by progressive shortening of interepisode intervals with each recurrence and increasing cognitive dysfunction in a subset of individuals with this condition. Clinically, diagnostic boundaries between bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders such as unipolar depression are unclear although pharmacological and psychological treatment strategies differ substantially...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#2
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641816/-association-between-the-violence-in-the-community-and-the-aggressive-behaviors-of-psychotics-during-their-hospitalizations
#3
M Rothärmel, M-F Poirier, G Levacon, F Kazour, S Bleher, D Gastal, S Lazareth, P Lebain, M Olari, R Oukebdane, C-E Rengade, J Themines, M Abbar, S Dollfus, A Gassiot, S Haouzir, D Januel, B Millet, J-P Olié, L Stamatiadis, J-L Terra, J Bénichou, D Campion, O Guillin
BACKGROUND: Violence is a common issue in psychiatry and has multiple determiners. The aim of this study is to assess the psychotic inpatients' violence in association with the violence of the neighborhood from which the patients are drawn and to estimate the impact of this environmental factor with regard to other factors. METHOD: A prospective multicenter study was led in nine French cities. Eligible patients were psychotic involuntary patients hospitalized in the cities' psychiatric wards...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#4
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638038/-a-current-view-on-the-history-of-atypical-antipsychotics
#5
D S Danilov
Based on the analysis of the original literature, the author for the first time systemizes the data on the story of atypical antipsychotic drugs. The history of introduction of the first atypical neuroleptics - clozapine and sulpiride, which launched the dichotomic development of psychopharmacology of atypical antipsychotics, is described. Historical facts on the introduction into practice of different sulpiride- and clozapine-like neuroleptics as well as the relationship of their history with the elaboration of dopamine and serotonin hypotheses of mechanisms of action of antipsychotics are presented...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630647/patterns-of-psychiatric-admissions-and-predictors-of-patient-s-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#6
Sinan Tadesse, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kirose Abraha, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric morbidity burden accounts 12.45% of the disease admission burden in Ethiopia; only two referral hospitals are found to manage all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the predictors of patient outcomes. METHOD: A 3 years retrospective patients' cards, charts and medical notes review in psychiatry case admission department of Jimma university teaching and training specialised hospital was conducted. All the admitted cases included in this study...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629289/mania-induced-by-adalimumab-in-a-patient-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#7
Elias Ghossoub, Mohamad Habli, Imad Uthman, Fadi T Maalouf
Objectives Monoclonal antibodies such as antagonists of tumor necrosis factor-alpha have been shown to have beneficial effects on the well-being of patients with inflammatory illnesses. However, mood episodes triggered by such agents have been reported. We herein report the case of mania induced by adalimumab treatment in an adult with ankylosing spondylitis, which later resolved once adalimumab was discontinued and mood stabilizers were initiated. Methods A 25-year-old man, with prior history of dysthymia, was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis and started on adalimumab...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619854/dissociation-defining-the-concept-in-criminal-forensic-psychiatry
#8
Dominique Bourget, Pierre Gagné, Stephen Floyd Wood
Claims of amnesia and dissociative experiences in association with a violent crime are not uncommon. Research has shown that dissociation is a risk factor for violence and is seen most often in crimes of extreme violence. The subject matter is most relevant to forensic psychiatry. Peritraumatic dissociation for instance, with or without a history of dissociative disorder, is quite frequently reported by offenders presenting for a forensic psychiatric examination. Dissociation or dissociative amnesia for serious offenses can have legal repercussions stemming from their relevance to the legal constructs of fitness to stand trial, criminal responsibility, and diminished capacity...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616665/psychoneurocutaneous-medicine-past-present-and-future
#9
Katlein França, David E Castillo, Maria Grazia Roccia, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Massimo Fioranelli
Psychoneurocutaneous medicine is an important and rapidly growing field. It is an integrative science created to address the interaction between the mind, nervous system and skin. Four major fields are involved: psychiatry, psychology, neurology and dermatology. The history of psychoneurocutaneous medicine is old and fascinating. Even though it is a young science only established in the last century, allusions to the nervous system and diseases of the skin can be traced back thousands of years in the literature...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611885/american-association-for-emergency-psychiatry-task-force-on-medical-clearance-of-adult-psychiatric-patients-part-ii-controversies-over-medical-assessment-and-consensus-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Michael P Wilson, Kimberly Nordstrom, Eric L Anderson, Anthony T Ng, Leslie S Zun, Jennifer M Peltzer-Jones, Michael H Allen
INTRODUCTION: The emergency medical evaluation of psychiatric patients presenting to United States emergency departments (ED), usually termed "medical clearance," often varies between EDs. A task force of the American Association for Emergency Psychiatry (AAEP), consisting of physicians from emergency medicine, physicians from psychiatry and a psychologist, was convened to form consensus recommendations for the medical evaluation of psychiatric patients presenting to U.S.EDs. METHODS: The task force reviewed existing literature on the topic of medical evaluation of psychiatric patients in the ED and then combined this with expert consensus...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606624/-impact-of-education-program-and-clinical-posting-in-psychiatry-on-medical-students-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-disorders
#11
N Simon, H Verdoux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether a medical student education program and clinical posting in psychiatry had an impact on medical students' stigmatizing attitudes towards psychiatry and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medical students from the University of Bordeaux were recruited during their 4-year course at the beginning of the academic education program in psychiatry. Medical students who were concomitantly in a clinical posting in wards of psychiatry or neurology were invited to participate in the study...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604293/lives-in-the-asylum-record-1864-to-1910-utilising-large-data-collection-for-histories-of-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#12
Angela McCarthy, Catharine Coleborne, Maree O'Connor, Elspeth Knewstubb
This article examines the research implications and uses of data for a large project investigating institutional confinement in Australia and New Zealand. The cases of patients admitted between 1864 and 1910 at four separate institutions, three public and one private, provided more than 4000 patient records to a collaborative team of researchers. The utility and longevity of this data and the ways to continue to understand its significance and contents form the basis of this article's interrogation of data collection and methodological issues surrounding the history of psychiatry and mental health...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599626/factors-associated-with-general-practitioners-awareness-of-depression-in-primary-care-patients-with-heart-failure-baseline-results-from-the-observational-recode-hf-study
#13
Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Sigrid Boczor, Agata Kazek, Nadine Pohontsch, Magdalena Okolo-Kulak, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Depression is more prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF) than in those without, but its detection is complicated by the symptom overlap between the two diseases. General practitioners (GPs) are the first point of contact for patients with HF. Therefore, this study aims to investigate GPs' awareness of depression in their HF patients and factors associated with this awareness. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, observational study 3224 primary care patients with HF were screened for depressive symptomatology using an algorithm based on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the 9-item subscale on Depression of the Patient Health Questionnaire, and selected items from the PROMIS Depression and Anxiety scales...
June 9, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577603/beyond-reactive-attachment-disorder-how-might-attachment-research-inform-child-psychiatry-practice
#14
REVIEW
Neil W Boris, Kimberly Renk
This article provides an updated review of attachment research with a focus on how comprehensive clinical assessment and intervention informs the care of young children. Child psychiatrists can serve as an important part of care coordination teams working with young children who have histories of early maltreatment and/or disruption in caregiving whether or not the children they are seeing meet criteria for an attachment disorder. Child psychiatrists should be familiar with both comprehensive assessment and the recent attachment-based interventions and appreciate how pharmacotherapy can be a useful adjunctive intervention when intensive therapy alone is ineffective...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574397/history-of-psychiatry-in-georgia-hidden-pages-dedicated-to-our-teachers
#15
V Kentchadze, N Okribelashvili, G Naneishvili
Psychiatry preserves a special place among the diverse medical specialties. It is noteworthy that in Europe and America the professional and scientific psychiatry gradually emerged during the second half in 1800s. Roots of psychiatry in Georgia go back to the distant past. However, the modern scientific psychiatry started developing in Georgia shortly after the foundation of the medical faculty at Tbilisi State University (1921) and is closely are associated with the name of Prof. M.Asatiani (1882-1938). This survey reflects data from all obtainable and basic psychiatric records of this period and provides brief description of significant achievements of psychiatrists, working in Georgia during 1920-1940 (M...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574009/potential-biomarkers-for-bipolar-disorder-where-do-we-stand
#16
REVIEW
Rajesh Sagar, Raman Deep Pattanayak
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe, recurrent mood disorder, associated with a significant morbidity and mortality, with high rates of suicides and medical comorbidities. There is a high risk of mood disorders among the first-degree relatives of patients with BD. In the current clinical practice, the diagnosis of BD is made by history taking, interview and behavioural observations, thereby lacking an objective, biological validation. This approach may result in underdiagnosis, misdiagnosis and eventually poorer outcomes...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566953/conversion-disorder-comorbidity-and-childhood-trauma
#17
Fatma Akyüz, Peykan G Gökalp, Sezgin Erdiman, Serap Oflaz, Çağatay Karşidağ
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to examine the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, the presence of comorbidity, and the link with childhood traumatic experiences in patients with conversion disorder (CD) in a psychiatric outpatient clinic. METHODS: A total of 60 literate, female patients between 18 and 65 years of age who were referred to the general psychiatry outpatient clinic and who were diagnosed with conversion disorder according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were included in the study...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566025/management-of-mental-health-crises-among-youths-with-and-without-asd-a-national-survey-of-child-psychiatrists
#18
Luther G Kalb, Elizabeth A Stuart, David S Mandell, Mark Olfson, Roma A Vasa
OBJECTIVE: This study compared management by child psychiatrists of mental health crises among youths with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A custom online mental health crisis services survey was administered to members of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The survey probed three domains of crisis management: willingness to work with youths with a history of mental health crisis, comfort level in managing a mental health crisis, and availability of external resources during a crisis...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559368/a-crisis-of-meaning-can-schizophrenia-survive-in-the-21st-century
#19
Jerry Tew
Both within clinical and wider societal discourses, the term 'schizophrenia' has achieved considerable potency as a signifier, privileging particular conceptual frames for understanding and responding to mental distress. However, its status has been subject to instability, as it has lacked indisputable biological correlates that would anchor its place within the canon of medical diagnosis. Informed by a semiotic perspective, this paper focuses on its recent history: how 'schizophrenia' has been claimed, appropriated and contested-and how this connects with its earlier history of signification...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553554/a-case-of-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-presenting-as-conversion-disorder
#20
Nikhil Yegya-Raman, Rehan Aziz, Daniel Schneider, Anthony Tobia, Megan Leitch, Onyi Nwobi
Background. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare disorder of the central nervous system. Its initial diagnosis may be obscured by its variable presentation. This case report illustrates the complexity of diagnosing this disease early in the clinical course, especially when the initial symptoms may be psychiatric. It offers a brief review of the literature and reinforces a role for consultation psychiatry services. Methods. PUBMED/MEDLINE was searched using the terms "Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease", "psychiatric symptoms", "conversion disorder", "somatic symptom disorder", "functional movement disorder", and "functional neurologic disorder"...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
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