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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332123/self-poisoning-suicide-deaths-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-characterizing-a-subgroup-and-identifying-treatment-patterns
#1
Ayal Schaffer, Lauren M Weinstock, Mark Sinyor, Catherine Reis, Benjamin I Goldstein, Lakshmi N Yatham, Anthony J Levitt
OBJECTIVE: To characterize self-poisoning suicide deaths in BD compared to other suicide decedents. METHODS: Extracted coroner data from all suicide deaths (n = 3319) in Toronto, Canada from 1998 to 2012. Analyses of demographics, clinical history, recent stressors, and suicide details were conducted in 5 subgroups of suicide decedents: BD self-poisoning, BD other methods, non-BD self-poisoning, non-BD other methods, and unipolar depression self-poisoning. Toxicology results for lethal and present substances were also compared between BD and non-BD self-poisoning subgroups as well as between BD and unipolar depression self-poisoning subgroups...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306138/john-a-hartford-foundation-centers-of-excellence-program-history-impact-and-legacy
#2
David B Reuben, Daniel B Kaplan, Odette van der Willik, Nora O Brien-Suric
The John A. Hartford Foundation (JAHF) created the Centers of Excellence in Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Psychiatry in 1988 with the goal of establishing academic training environments to increase geriatrics-trained faculty. The initiative identified medical schools with the necessary components for training academic geriatricians. JAHF grants provided the resources to create a cadre of physicians whose research, teaching and practice leads to substantial contributions in geriatrics. Results from two evaluations show that the program has successfully increased geriatrics-prepared faculty who have achieved promotion and institutional retention, success in winning competitive research grants, and positions of leadership...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300946/kraepelin-s-views-on-obsessive-neurosis-a-comparison-with-dsm-5-criteria-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Holger Steinberg, Dirk Carius, Leonardo F Fontenelle
Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) is considered one of the founders of modern psychiatric nosology. However, his conceptualization of obsessive-compulsive phenomena is relatively understudied. In this article, we compare and contrast excerpts from the eighth edition (1909-1915) of Kraepelin's Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry focusing on what Kraepelin called "obsessive neurosis" and related "original pathological conditions" with the current DSM-5 criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Consistently with DSM-5 OCD, Kraepelin described obsessive neurosis as characterized by obsessive ideas, compulsive acts, or both together...
March 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290379/deep-tendon-reflex-the-background-story-of-a-simple-technique
#4
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
Wilhelm Erb and Carl Otto Westphal from Prussia first described the knee jerk in the same issue of the journal Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten in January 1875. This article retraces the history of development of 'deep tendon reflex' as an integral clinical sign during every neurological examination. The history of the evolving shapes of the reflex hammer, the iconic trademark and the ultimate signature of a neuroscientist, is also presented.
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287191/-history-of-clinical-psychiatry-of-sapienza-university-of-rome-in-policlinico-umberto-i
#5
Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari, Angela Iannitelli, Massimo Biondi
The present article intends to go over the history of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Sapienza University of Rome, starting from the beginning of the teaching of Psychiatry at Santa Maria della Pietà mental hospital, back in 1871, to the eventual founding, at the University "La Sapienza" and the Umberto I general hospital, of the Institute of Psychiatric Clinic and next of the Nervous and Mental Diseases' Clinic with the enclosed specialization school in Psychiatry. A detailed overview is supplied on the characters of the eminent scientists who have succeeded over time at the head of the Clinic and on the description of its different organization, conceived by each of them because of their educational and cultural roots...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248562/breaking-through-to-the-other-side-a-resident-explores-the-benefits-of-time-limited-psychodynamic-therapy-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Zoë Thomas
This article recounts the case of a patient with schizophrenia engaged in time-limited psychodynamic psychotherapy with a psychiatry resident-the first case history of its type to the author's knowledge. This patient suffered from chronically debilitating schizophrenia with persistent positive and negative symptoms at the time of treatment, despite usual psychiatric management. He benefited significantly from 18 weekly sessions of weekly dynamic therapy, achieving symptom reduction, increased social involvement, and improved functioning-gains that were sustained at 9-month follow-up...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236996/-modeling-for-clinical-trial-in-psychiatry-rationale-benefits-and-limitations
#7
N Simon, J-M Azorin, R Belzeaux, M Adida, A Kaladjian
Drug development of new compounds implies to define the dosage as well as the conditions of their use (indication, treatment duration, drug interactions, warnings …). This information requires the identification of the time course response. The decisions made during the clinical phases are now based on mathematical models. These models are continuously described and improved during all phases of the drug development using data collected in healthy volunteers and patients. Their objectives are to describe the most precisely, the link between the compound characteristics (pharmacology), the patient demographics and the effects...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236994/-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-level-of-evidence-from-causality-to-dose-effect-relationship
#8
J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Quilès, M Cermolacce, R Belzeaux, M Adida, E Fakra, J-M Azorin
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this article is to summarize the history of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in psychiatry in order to highlight the transition from clinical level of evidence based on phenomenological descriptions to controlled trial establishing causal relationship. The second objective is to apply the criteria of causation for ECT, to focus on the dose-effect relationship criteria, and thus to analyze the conditions of application of these criteria for ECT. METHODS: A literature review exploring the use of electricity, ECT and electroencephalography (EEG) in psychiatry was conducted...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#9
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225840/-historiographies-psychiatry-in-brazil-and-its-institutions
#10
Ana Ta Venancio, Cristiana Facchinetti
This article presents an overview of the history of Psychiatry field and its institutions in Brazil, with emphasis on literature produced in the last thirty-five years. It places the history of Psychiatry in the broader context of theoretical trends in historical studies - as philosophical, anthropological, social history and cultural history approaches - highlighting the most current analyzes. To achieve this goal, authors' selected doctoral theses and dissertations dedicated to mental health in Rio de Janeiro's History as well as Public Health and Psychiatry Graduate Programs...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#11
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education approved the training requirements in 1993...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202296/psychosis-in-the-ed-a-case-of-nmda-receptor-antibody-encephalitis
#12
Joseph Fisher, Clifford Ellingson, Noah Tolby
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate antibody receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a newly recognized disease increasing in diagnostic frequency. A 27-year-old female presented with symptoms of oral dyskinesia, tachycardia, and altered mental status following a three-month history of depression, lethargy, catatonia, and auditory hallucinations. We utilized our facilities neurology and psychiatry consult services, performed a lumbar puncture (LP), and requested NMDAR antibody titers. Following admission the Anti-NMDAR antibody titer was elevated warranting treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), corticosteroids, and later rituximab...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174595/hla-drb1-03-as-a-possible-common-etiology-of-schizophrenia-graves-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
Aicha Sayeh, Cheker Ben Cheikh, Ali Mardessi, Meriem Mrad, Brahim Nsiri, Abdelaziz Oumaya, Najiba Fekih-Mrissa
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune diseases and schizophrenia share many common features. Association studies confirm a shared genetic association in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region between schizophrenia and most autoimmune diseases. To our knowledge, the simultaneous syndromes of Graves' disease (GD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in schizophrenia are rare in Tunisia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 42-year-old woman admitted to the department of psychiatry for an acute relapse of chronic schizophrenia...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165286/the-erudite-humility-of-the-historian-the-critical-epistemology-of-georges-lant%C3%A3-ri-laura
#14
Elisabetta Basso Lorini
This paper analyses the historical and epistemological work of the French psychiatrist Georges Lantéri-Laura (1930-2004) within the context of the French 'tradition' of history and philosophy of sciences, with special reference to Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault. After an introduction devoted to a critical survey of the most recent works on the history and historiography of psychiatry in French, the paper outlines Lantéri-Laura's approach by focusing especially on the role played by the methodological concept of 'semiology' as regards the relation between medicine and psychiatry...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157720/depression-in-epilepsy
#15
Marco Mula
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review some aspects of the relationship between epilepsy and depression that have recently received increasing attention and may become major research topics in the near future. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological studies show that depression and suicide are, in some cases, premorbid symptoms preceding the onset of the epilepsy. Suicide is also three times more frequent in epilepsy than in the general population. Reliable screening instruments for depression and suicidality in patients with epilepsy are now available but data from real life clinical settings are needed to develop shared clinical pathways between neurology and psychiatry...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#16
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135806/the-value-of-a-registrar-psychotherapy-post-to-psychiatry-training
#17
Gabriel Feiler, Denis O'Loughlin, Eugen Koh, Josephine Beatson, Ed Harari
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the psychotherapy registrar position developed at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne in response to the Australian Government's Specialist Training Position initiative of 2009. This impressionistic piece outlines features of the registrar's clinical work, supervision and professional development. This paper will focus on: 1) the history of the position; 2) its developmental function embedded within the clinical responsibilities of the role; 3) how this position is different from the existing Royal and Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatry psychotherapy training requirements; and 4) infrastructure issues of the position...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120766/-complicities-and-ambivalences-of-psychiatry-m%C3%A3-nsterlingen-and-the-1954-feast-of-fools
#18
Elisabetta Basso
In March 1954, Foucault visited the psychiatric asylum of Münsterlingen (Canton Thurgau), on the Swiss side of Lake Constance. Münsterlingen was the chosen place of activity for well-known psychiatrists, including Hermann Rorschach (1910-1913), and it became famous in the history of psychiatry especially through the work of Roland Kuhn, who was active in the asylum from 1939 to 1979. Kuhn was an expert in the Rorschach psycho-diagnostic test, as well as the discoverer of the first antidepressant in the early 1950s...
January 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120116/urine-drug-screen-findings-among-ambulatory-oncology-patients-in-a-supportive-care-clinic
#19
Sherri Rauenzahn, Adam Sima, Brian Cassel, Danielle Noreika, Teny Henry Gomez, Lynn Ryan, Carl E Wolf, Luke Legakis, Egidio Del Fabbro
PURPOSE: Professional organizations provide no guidelines regarding assessment and management of opioid abuse risk in cancer. Universal precautions (UP) developed for non-cancer pain, include assessments for aberrant behavior, screening questionnaires, and urine drug screens (UDS). The role of UDS for identifying opioid abuse risk in cancer is uncertain. Our aim is to characterize inappropriate UDS, and identify a potential role for UDS in therapeutic decision-making. METHODS: An observational retrospective chart review of 232 consecutive supportive care clinic patients were seen during the study...
January 25, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118266/one-hundred-years-of-psychiatry-at-johns-hopkins-a-story-of-meyer-to-mchugh
#20
J Raymond DePaulo
This article describes a history of clinical methods and constructs that guide Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Phipps Clinic today. The contributions of Adolf Meyer and Paul McHugh are central and closely connected. Both emphasize the clinical examination as the central practice of psychiatry as a specialty within medicine. Meyer's comprehensive examination of the patient became the centerpiece of his approach and was the standard for psychiatrists in the English-speaking world. McHugh, with Phillip Slavney, developed a pluralistic and practical framework for interpreting that history and examination...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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