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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066110/assessment-of-impact-of-pharmacophilia-and-pharmacophobia-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mini Johnson Christudas, Balaji Sathyanarayana Gupta, Krishna Undela, Noel M Isaac, Dushad Ram, Madhan Ramesh
AIMS: To investigate the impact of pharmacophilia and pharmacophobia on medication adherence among patients with psychiatric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry over a period of 2 months. Patients above 18 years of age with a psychiatric diagnosis as per the International Classification of Diseases 10 and receiving at least one psychotropic medication (any medication capable of affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior) for >1 month were enrolled in the study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066009/factors-associated-with-resilience-in-wives-of-individuals-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#2
Sreeja Sreekumar, T P Subhalakshmi, P Joseph Varghese
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health and resilience of family members of individuals with alcohol dependence affect their ability to cope with stress, maintain emotional well-being, and to positively adapt to their difficult life circumstances. This study attempted to study resilience among wives of men with alcohol dependence syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence and their wives attending the Department of Psychiatry, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, over a 1-year period were recruited...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#3
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031588/assessment-of-suicidal-intent
#4
Rajkumar Ramanathan, Arul Saravanan Ramachandran, Kalaivani Periasamy, Kala Saminathan
BACKGROUND: Suicide and suicidal attempt are an important cause of mortality and denotes severe morbidity among the population. Successful suicide attempt is associated with previous suicide attempts. Identifying factors in suicide attempters will help in formulating a comprehensive response to these issues. OBJECTIVE: To identify the sub group who are more vulnerable and the factors associated with this group. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross sectional observational study of this sub group was carried out...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031586/clinical-correlates-of-suicide-in-suicidal-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-and-affective-disorders
#5
Hemendra Singh, Prabha S Chandra, V Senthil Kumar Reddi
BACKGROUND: The most common psychiatric illnesses in the background of suicide are schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and affective disorders (AD). While depression and hopelessness are important factors for suicide in psychiatric patients, the role of psychotic symptoms is unclear. We examine the comparative differences in the clinical correlates of suicide in SSD and AD patients with suicidal risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty suicidal psychiatric patients (aged between 17-60 years) were evaluated for depression severity, hopelessness, past attempts, and reasons for wanting to commit suicide at the emergency psychiatry centre...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003468/the-clinical-features-of-paranoia-in-the-20th-century-and-their-representation-in-diagnostic-criteria-from-dsm-iii-through-dsm-5
#6
Kenneth S Kendler
This review traces, through psychiatric textbooks, the history of the Kraepelinian concept of paranoia in the 20th century and then relates the common reported symptoms and signs to the diagnostic criteria for paranoia/delusional disorder in DSM-III through DSM-5. Clinical descriptions of paranoia appearing in 10 textbooks, published 1899 to 1970, revealed 11 prominent symptoms and signs reported by 5 or more authors. Three symptoms (systematized delusions, minimal hallucinations, and prominent ideas of reference) and 2 signs (chronic course and minimal affective deterioration) were reported by 8 or 9 of the authors...
December 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998332/-electroshock-therapy-in-the-third-reich
#7
Lara Rzesnitzek, Sascha Lang
The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997287/acute-dissociative-reaction-to-spontaneous-delivery-in-a-case-of-total-denial-of-pregnancy-diagnostic-and-forensic-aspects
#8
Vedat Sar, Nazan Aydın, Onno van der Hart, A Steven Frankel, Meriç Sar, Oguz Omay
This article presents the history of a 21-year-old female college student with total denial of pregnancy who experienced an acute dissociative reaction during the spontaneous delivery at home without medical assistance where the newborn died immediately. Psychiatric examination, self-report questionnaires, legal documents, and witness reports have been reviewed in evaluation of the case. Evidence pointed to total denial of pregnancy, i.e. until delivery. The diagnoses of an acute dissociative reaction to stress (remitted) and a subsequent PTSD were established in a follow-up examination conducted 7 months after the delivery...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994220/structural-dysconnectivity-of-key-cognitive-and-emotional-hubs-in-young-people-at-high-genetic-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#9
G Roberts, A Perry, A Lord, A Frankland, V Leung, E Holmes-Preston, F Levy, R K Lenroot, P B Mitchell, M Breakspear
Emerging evidence suggests that psychiatric disorders are associated with disturbances in structural brain networks. Little is known, however, about brain networks in those at high risk (HR) of bipolar disorder (BD), with such disturbances carrying substantial predictive and etiological value. Whole-brain tractography was performed on diffusion-weighted images acquired from 84 unaffected HR individuals with at least one first-degree relative with BD, 38 young patients with BD and 96 matched controls (CNs) with no family history of mental illness...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992887/post-war-research-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-part-i-research-before-1989
#10
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping with the finished war trauma and simultaneously the experience of communist persecution trauma. First scientific publications appeared in the fifties and were focused on the research of former concentration camps prisoners (KZ-Syndrome)...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992050/the-simulators-truth-and-power-in-the-psychiatry-of-jos%C3%A3-ingenieros
#11
Sandra Caponi
Using Michel Foucault's lectures on "Psychiatric power" as its starting point, this article analyzes the book Simulación de la locura (The simulation of madness), published in 1903 by the Argentine psychiatrist José Ingenieros. Foucault argues that the problem of simulation permeates the entire history of modern psychiatry. After initial analysis of José Ingenieros's references to the question of simulation in the struggle for existence, the issue of simulation in pathological states in general is examined, and lastly the simulation of madness and the problem of degeneration...
October 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956745/altered-brain-processing-of-decision-making-in-healthy-first-degree-biological-relatives-of-suicide-completers
#12
Y Ding, F Pereira, A Hoehne, M-M Beaulieu, M Lepage, G Turecki, F Jollant
Suicidal behavior is heritable, with the transmission of risk being related to the transmission of vulnerability traits. Previous studies suggest that risky decision-making may be an endophenotype of suicide. Here, we aimed at investigating brain processing of decision-making in relatives of suicide completers in order to shed light on heritable mechanisms of suicidal vulnerability. Seventeen healthy first-degree biological relatives of suicide completers with no personal history of suicidal behavior, 16 relatives of depressed patients without any personal or family history of suicidal behavior, and 19 healthy controls were recruited...
December 13, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956743/translational-profiling-of-stress-induced-neuroplasticity-in-the-ca3-pyramidal-neurons-of-bdnf-val66met-mice
#13
J D Gray, T G Rubin, J F Kogan, J Marrocco, J Weidmann, S Lindkvist, F S Lee, E F Schmidt, B S McEwen
Genetic susceptibility and environmental factors (such as stress) can interact to affect the likelihood of developing a mood disorder. Stress-induced changes in the hippocampus have been implicated in mood disorders, and mutations in several genes have now been associated with increased risk, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The hippocampus has important anatomical subdivisions, and pyramidal neurons of the vulnerable CA3 region show significant remodeling after chronic stress, but the mechanisms underlying their unique plasticity remain unknown...
December 13, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956649/introduction-histories-of-asylums-insanity-and-psychiatry-in-scotland
#14
Chris Philo, Jonathan Andrews
This paper introduces a special issue on 'Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland', situating the papers that follow in an outline historiography of work in this field. Using Allan Beveridge's claims in 1993 about the relative lack of research on the history of psychiatry in Scotland, the paper reviews a range of contributions that have emerged since then, loosely distinguishing between 'overviews' - work addressing longer-term trends and broader periods and systems - and more detailed studies of particular 'individuals and institutions'...
December 12, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936259/-reconstructing-a-scholarly-network-from-the-bonneval-hospital-collections-relationships-and-misconceptions-derived-from-historical-archives
#15
Emmanuel Delille
The French psychiatric hospital Henri Ey in Bonneval (Eure-et-Loir, Central France) is known in the history of psychiatry for a series of conferences, which brought together several key figures in the mental health field in the 1940s. The conference sessions have been published in two major volumes: Le Problème de la psychogenèse des névroses et des psychoses (The Problem of the Psychogenesis of Neuroses and Psychoses, 1950), and L'Inconscient (The Unconscious, 1966). The proceedings consist of theoretical essays and minutes of the intellectual discussions between French psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists, psychoanalysts and philosophers...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936257/-institutions-without-history-an-investigation-into-the-archives-of-a-private-psychiatric-hospital-france-1930-1950
#16
Hervé Guillemain
Objectives Discovered by following the story of a Parisian patient, l'Hôpital psychiatrique de Saint-Rémy opened in 1937 in the east of France. It is a special institution that was created for profit and in an emergency context during the 1930s.Methods Due to the absence of administrative records, the history of this institution can be written only by using the archives of the Parisian administration and patient records. The story of this special institution allows several issues in the historiography of psychiatry: the funding of mental health, the patient transfers, the revival of the criticism against the psychiatric hospital...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936255/-nursing-progress-notes-in-psychiatry-mental-health-archival-data
#17
Sandra Harrisson
Introduction Nurses' notes are used primarily as a communication tool between nurses, doctors and member of the professional team to ensure continuity of patient care. They contain life-history of individuals with mental health disorders. This nurses' communication tool describes the patient care during hospitalization in acute psychiatric ward. In fact, these observations contained in the progress notes represent more than a simple picture of mental illness. They always tell a story constructed by socio-cultural norms...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936254/-the-iconographic-archive-what-does-the-visual-culture-of-the-origins-of-french-psychiatry-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-reveal-to-us
#18
Ginette Jubinville
This article constructs a new history of the birth of psychiatry that of its visual culture, through the study of heretofore unpublished and neglected archives.The analysis of artworks commissioned by the first French psychiatrists at the beginning of the nineteenth century highlights, in an exceptional way, the recognition of subjectivation and autonomy of the mentally sick person, which is the inherent hope of psychiatry's initial project.The artists who fulfilled the first psychiatrists' commissions expressed this ideal, which was conveyed both by the humanist philanthropy of early psychiatry and by the artistic vocabulary of the nineteenth century...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930517/psychiatry-outpatient-visits-by-atopic-dermatitis-patients-varying-in-the-complexity-of-their-prescriptions-a-nationwide-cohort-study-conducted-from-2005-to-2013
#19
Jaeyong Shin, Young Choi, Eun-Cheol Park, Kwang Hoon Lee, Seo Young Hwang, Sang Ho Oh, Sang Gyu Lee
The uncomfortable symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD) often trigger psychological stress.We investigated the association between AD severity and outpatient visits to psychiatrists using Korean National Health Insurance claims data from 2004 to 2013.This was a retrospective cohort analysis; we estimated hazard ratios (HRs).Of the 266,182 subjects, 18,290 (6.9%) had a history of visiting a psychiatrist, and 25,419 (9.5%) were diagnosed with AD. Compared with the subjects without AD, subjects with AD had a higher HR for visiting a psychiatrist (3...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#20
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
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