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MiRNA T lymphocyte

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138813/reduced-mirna%C3%A2-214-expression-in-oral-mucosa-contributes-to-the-pathogenesis-of-oral-lichen-planus-by-targeting-cd44
#1
Haiyan Zheng, Shaohui Li
The present study aimed to investigate the role of miRNAs during the pathogenesis of oral lichen planus (OLP). OLP is a chronic inflammatory disorder, which involves T‑cell mediated autoimmunity and affects the skin, scalp, nails and mucosa. Abundant T lymphocytes have been demonstrated to infiltrate the oral mucosa, in which the activated T cells trigger apoptosis of oral epithelial cells. Overexpression of osteopontin (OPN) and CD44 has been observed in the mucosa of patients with OLP, and it has been confirmed that OPN suppresses the apoptosis of activated CD8+ T cells via CD44...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107863/elevated-expression-of-mir-146-mir-139-and-mir-340-involved-in-regulating-th1-th2-balance-with-acute-exposure-of-fine-particulate-matter-in-mice
#2
Tianfang Hou, Jiping Liao, Cheng Zhang, Chao Sun, Xueying Li, Guangfa Wang
Airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is detrimental to human health, and frequently leads to a variety of lung diseases. Recently, IARC conclude that particulate matter is carcinogenic to humans (level one). However, the pulmonary toxicological mechanism induced by PM2.5 remains obscure. Our previous studies confirmed that PM2.5 hurt the human immune system by means of causing the imbalance of Th1/Th2 lymphocytes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional gene suppressors and potential mediators of environmental effects, which play an important role in the regulation of CD4(+)T lymphocyte differentiation...
November 3, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990564/-mirnas-new-actors-in-the-physiopathology-of-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Ferdinand Jagot, Nathalie Davoust
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune demyelinating disorder characterized by a chronic neuro-inflammatory process associated with an infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by autoreactive lymphocytes. The etiology of the disease remains unclear but the recent discovery of a dysregulated miRNA network in both cells and extracellular fluids of MS patients has brought new insights on the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in this disorder. miRNAs can induce a T cell polarization towards a pathological Th17 or Th1 phenotype and a deleterious activation of microglia, the CNS-resident macrophages...
June 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934507/a-comprehensive-cell-specific-microrna-catalogue-of-human-peripheral-blood
#4
Simonas Juzenas, Geetha Venkatesh, Matthias Hübenthal, Marc P Hoeppner, Zhipei Gracie Du, Maren Paulsen, Philip Rosenstiel, Philipp Senger, Martin Hofmann-Apitius, Andreas Keller, Limas Kupcinskas, Andre Franke, Georg Hemmrich-Stanisak
With this study, we provide a comprehensive reference dataset of detailed miRNA expression profiles from seven types of human peripheral blood cells (NK cells, B lymphocytes, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, T helper cells, monocytes, neutrophils and erythrocytes), serum, exosomes and whole blood. The peripheral blood cells from buffy coats were typed and sorted using FACS/MACS. The overall dataset was generated from 450 small RNA libraries using high-throughput sequencing. By employing a comprehensive bioinformatics and statistical analysis, we show that 3' trimming modifications as well as composition of 3' added non-templated nucleotides are distributed in a lineage-specific manner-the closer the hematopoietic progenitors are, the higher their similarities in sequence variation of the 3' end...
September 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916716/deregulation-of-microrna-expression-in-purified-t-and-b-lymphocytes-from-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#5
Shu-Fang Wang-Renault, Saida Boudaoud, Gaétane Nocturne, Elodie Roche, Nelly Sigrist, Christian Daviaud, Andreas Bugge Tinggaard, Victor Renault, Jean-François Deleuze, Xavier Mariette, Jörg Tost
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). This study is the first to investigate miRNA expression patterns in purified T and B lymphocytes from patients with pSS using a high-throughput quantitative PCR (qPCR) approach. METHODS: Two independent cohorts of both patients with pSS and controls, one for discovery and one for replication, were included in this study. CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by magnetic microbeads and expression of miRNAs was profiled using the Exiqon Human miRNome panel I analysing 372 miRNAs...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880997/the-role-of-the-mir-148-152-family-in-physiology-and-disease
#6
REVIEW
Michael Friedrich, Katharina Pracht, Mir-Farzin Mashreghi, Hans-Martin Jäck, Andreas Radbruch, Barbara Seliger
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously encoded ∼22 nt small non-coding RNAs. They function as key players of many cellular processes by base pairing with target mRNAs and thereby impairing gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Recent findings demonstrate a critical role of many miRNAs in immune cell differentiation and immune responses, which is also associated with the development and progression of many tumor and non-tumor diseases. Here we review the multifaceted miRNA-148/-152 family members consisting of miR-148a, miR-148b and miR-152...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791012/extracellular-vesicles-transfer-the-receptor-programmed-death-1-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Stinne R Greisen, Yan Yan, Aida S Hansen, Morten T Venø, Jens R Nyengaard, Søren K Moestrup, Malene Hvid, Gordon J Freeman, Jørgen Kjems, Bent Deleuran
INTRODUCTION: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been recognized as route of communication in the microenvironment. They transfer proteins and microRNAs (miRNAs) between cells, and possess immunoregulatory properties. However, their role in immune-mediated diseases remains to be elucidated. We hypothesized a role for EVs in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) joint, potentially involving the development of T cell exhaustion and transfer of the co-inhibitory receptor programmed death 1 (PD-1)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769921/microrna-181-variants-regulate-t-cell-phenotype-in-the-context-of-autoimmune-neuroinflammation
#8
Samira Ghorbani, Farideh Talebi, Wing Fuk Chan, Farimah Masoumi, Mohammed Vojgani, Christopher Power, Farshid Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions have distinct microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles. miR-181 family members show altered expression in MS tissues although their participation in MS pathogenesis remains uncertain. Herein, we investigated the involvement of miR-181a and miR-181b in the pathogenesis of MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). METHODS: miR-181a and -b levels were measured in the central nervous system (CNS) of patients with MS and mice with EAE as well as relevant leukocyte cultures by real-time RT-PCR...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744199/differential-impact-of-mir-21-on-pain-and-associated-affective-and-cognitive-behavior-after-spared-nerve-injury-in-b7-h1-ko-mouse
#9
Franziska Karl, Anne Grießhammer, Nurcan Üçeyler, Claudia Sommer
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly recognized as regulators of immune and neuronal gene expression and are potential master switches in neuropathic pain pathophysiology. miR-21 is a promising candidate that may link the immune and the pain system. To investigate the pathophysiological role of miR-21 in neuropathic pain, we assessed mice deficient of B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1), a major inhibitor of inflammatory responses. In previous studies, an upregulation of miR-21 had been shown in mouse lymphocytes. Young (8 weeks), middle-aged (6 months), and old (12 months) B7-H1 ko mice and wildtype littermates (WT) received a spared nerve injury (SNI)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737488/modulation-of-let-7-mirnas-controls-the-differentiation-of-effector-cd8-t-cells
#10
Alexandria C Wells, Keith A Daniels, Constance C Angelou, Eric Fagerberg, Amy S Burnside, Michele Markstein, Dominique Alfandari, Raymond M Welsh, Elena L Pobezinskaya, Leonid A Pobezinsky
The differentiation of naive CD8 T cells into effector cytotoxic T lymphocytes upon antigen stimulation is necessary for successful antiviral, and antitumor immune responses. Here, using a mouse model, we describe a dual role for the let-7 microRNAs in the regulation of CD8 T cell responses, where maintenance of the naive phenotype in CD8 T cells requires high levels of let-7 expression, while generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes depends upon T cell receptor-mediated let-7 downregulation. Decrease of let-7 expression in activated T cells enhances clonal expansion and the acquisition of effector function through derepression of the let-7 targets, including Myc and Eomesodermin...
July 24, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731516/mir-181d-regulates-human-dendritic-cell-maturation-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#11
Xian Wei Su, Gang Lu, Chi Kwan Leung, Qiang Liu, Yi Li, Kam Sze Tsang, Shi Dou Zhao, Danny Tat Ming Chan, Hsiang Fu Kung, Wai Sang Poon
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are considered as the cellular regulators which post-transcriptionally modulate gene expression in diverse biological processes including cell development and immunity. In this study, we investigated functions of miR-181d in dendritic cells (DCs) maturation, and the underlying mechanisms were also explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here we did the miRNA screening in human DCs in response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
October 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665018/extracellular-vesicles-mediate-intercellular-communication-transfer-of-functionally-active-micrornas-by-microvesicles-into-phagocytes
#12
Laura Claßen, Lars-Oliver Tykocinski, Felix Wiedmann, Carolin Birr, Petra Schiller, Christine Tucher, Stefan Krienke, Marc-Steffen Raab, Norbert Blank, Hanns-Martin Lorenz, Martin Schiller
Cell activation and apoptosis lead to the formation of extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as exosomes or microvesicles (MVs). EVs have been shown to modulate immune responses; recently, MVs were described to carry microRNA (miRNA) and a role for MVs in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases has been discussed. Here we systematically characterized MVs and exosomes according to their release stimuli. The miRNA content of viable or apoptotic human T lymphocytes and the corresponding MVs was analyzed. miRNA, protein and surface marker expression, as well as cytokine release by human monocytes was measured after EV engulfment...
September 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639194/rnaa-induced-by-tata-box-targeting-micrornas
#13
Yijun Zhang, Hui Zhang
Recent studies reveal that some nuclear microRNAs (miRNA) and synthesized siRNAs target gene promoters to activate gene transcription (RNAa). Interestingly, our group identified a novel HIV-1-encoded miRNA, miR-H3, which targets specifically the core promoter TATA box of HIV-1 and activates viral gene expression. Depletion of miR-H3 significantly impaired the replication of HIV-1. miR-H3 mimics could activate viruses from CD4(+) T cells isolated from patients receiving suppressive highly active antiretroviral therapy, which is very intriguing for reducing HIV-1 latent reservoir...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617945/microrna-cluster-106a-363-is-involved-in-t-helper-17-cell-differentiation
#14
Marc Kästle, Sabine Bartel, Kerstin Geillinger-Kästle, Martin Irmler, Johannes Beckers, Bernhard Ryffel, Oliver Eickelberg, Susanne Krauss-Etschmann
T-helper cell type 17 (Th17) mediated inflammation is associated with various diseases including autoimmune encephalitis, inflammatory bowel disease and lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Differentiation into distinct T helper subtypes needs to be tightly regulated to ensure an immunological balance. As microRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators of signalling pathways, we aimed to identify specific miRNAs implicated in controlling Th17 differentiation. We were able to create a regulatory network model of murine T helper cell differentiation by combining Affymetrix mRNA and miRNA arrays and in silico analysis...
November 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615644/mirna-profiling-during-antigen-dependent-t-cell-activation-a-role-for-mir-132-3p
#15
Cristina Gutiérrez-Vázquez, Ana Rodríguez-Galán, Marcos Fernández-Alfara, María Mittelbrunn, Fátima Sánchez-Cabo, Dannys Jorge Martínez-Herrera, Marta Ramírez-Huesca, Alberto Pascual-Montano, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid
microRNAs (miRNAs) are tightly regulated during T lymphocyte activation to enable the establishment of precise immune responses. Here, we analyzed the changes of the miRNA profiles of T cells in response to activation by cognate interaction with dendritic cells. We also studied mRNA targets common to miRNAs regulated in T cell activation. pik3r1 gene, which encodes the regulatory subunits of PI3K p50, p55 and p85, was identified as target of miRNAs upregulated after T cell activation. Using 3'UTR luciferase reporter-based and biochemical assays, we showed the inhibitory relationship between miR-132-3p upregulation and expression of the pik3r1 gene...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587347/effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-sj%C3%A3-gren-like-mice-and-the-microrna-expression-profiles-of-splenic-cd4-t-cells
#16
Guang-Feng Ruan, Ling Zheng, Jia-Shu Huang, Wan-Xue Huang, Bang-Dong Gong, Xing-Xing Fang, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Jian-Ping Tang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) serve immuno-regulatory functions and offer a promising novel treatment for certain autoimmune diseases. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of mice bone marrow (BM)-MSCs on mice with relatively late stage of Sjögren-like disease and the impact of BM-MSCs on the microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of splenic CD4+ T cells. Female NOD/Ltj mice were randomized into two groups: The disease group (n=8) and the MSC-treated group (n=8). Female ICR mice served as the healthy control group (n=8)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542273/expression-profile-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-human-adenovirus-small-rnas-in-tonsillar-b-and-t-lymphocytes
#17
Farzaneh Assadian, Wael Kamel, Göran Laurell, Catharina Svensson, Tanel Punga, Göran Akusjärvi
We have used high-throughput small RNA sequencing to characterize viral small RNA expression in purified tonsillar B and T lymphocytes isolated from patients tested positive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or human adenovirus (HAdV) infections, respectively. In the small set of patients analyzed, the expression profile of EBV and HAdV miRNAs could not distinguish between patients diagnosed with tonsillar hypertrophy or chronic/recurrent tonsillitis. The EBV miR-BART expression profile among the patients diagnosed with tonsillar diseases resembles most closely the pattern seen in EBV+ tumors (Latency II/I)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511795/mir-142-5p-regulates-tumor-cell-pd-l1-expression-and-enhances-anti-tumor-immunity
#18
Long Jia, Qing Xi, Huafeng Wang, Zimu Zhang, Hongkun Liu, Yingnan Cheng, Xiangdong Guo, Jieyou Zhang, Qi Zhang, Lijuan Zhang, Zhenyi Xue, Yan Li, Yurong Da, Peng Zhao, Rongxin Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy has many great achievements in recent years. One of the most promising cancer immunotherapies is PD-1/PD-L1 pathway blockade. miRNAs (MicroRNAs) belongs to small noncoding RNA and can regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'UTR. Many miRNAs can inhibit cancer growth by regulating the PD-L1 expression in cancer cells. Herein, we firstly found that PD-L1 could be the target of miR-142-5p by using bioinformatics methods, then we conduct luciferase activity assay, RT-PCR and western blot experiments to demonstrate that miR-142-5p can regulate PD-L1 expression by binding to its 3'UTR...
June 24, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507795/digital-analysis-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-the-signature-of-rejection-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Viktor H Koelzer, Lena Sokol, Stefan Zahnd, Lucine Christe, Heather Dawson, Martin D Berger, Daniel Inderbitzin, Inti Zlobec, Alessandro Lugli
The immune system plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor immune rejection has been previously linked to the activation of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) STAT1, IRF-5 and IRF-1. Specific immunoregulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) may impact the expression of these ISG in the tumor microenvironment. In this translational study, we develop a digital image analysis protocol to identify the ISG-gene expression signature and investigate miRNA expression in the immediate environment of invading cancer cells...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465156/plasma-viral-mirnas-indicate-a-high-prevalence-of-occult-viral-infections
#20
Enrique Fuentes-Mattei, Dana Elena Giza, Masayoshi Shimizu, Cristina Ivan, John T Manning, Stefan Tudor, Maria Ciccone, Osman Aykan Kargin, Xinna Zhang, Pilar Mur, Nayra Soares do Amaral, Meng Chen, Jeffrey J Tarrand, Florea Lupu, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Michael J Keating, Catalin Vasilescu, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, George A Calin
Prevalence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) varies greatly in different populations. We hypothesized that the actual prevalence of KSHV/HHV8 infection in humans is underestimated by the currently available serological tests. We analyzed four independent patient cohorts with post-surgical or post-chemotherapy sepsis, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and post-surgical patients with abdominal surgical interventions. Levels of specific KSHV-encoded miRNAs were measured by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and KSHV/HHV-8 IgG were measured by immunoassay...
June 2017: EBioMedicine
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