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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069528/personal-and-professional-well-being-of-surgical-residents-in-new-england
#1
Peter S Yoo, John J Tackett, Mark W Maxfield, Rosemarie Fisher, Stephen J Huot, Walter E Longo
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing literature about burnout and attrition among surgeons, little is known about personal and professional well-being of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: General surgery residents from the six New England states participated in a cross-sectional, qualitative, self-reported survey to assess the domains of personal health maintenance, personal finance, work environment, and fatigue management as they relate to surgical training...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056085/vascular-endothelial-over-expression-of-human-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-tie2-seh-tr-attenuates-coronary-reactive-hyperemia-in-mice-role-of-oxylipins-and-%C3%AF-hydroxylases
#2
Ahmad Hanif, Matthew L Edin, Darryl C Zeldin, Christophe Morisseau, John R Falck, Mohammed A Nayeem
Cytochromes P450 metabolize arachidonic acid (AA) into two vasoactive oxylipins with opposing biologic effects: epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and omega-(ω)-terminal hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs). EETs have numerous beneficial physiological effects, including vasodilation and protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury, whereas ω-terminal HETEs induce vasoconstriction and vascular dysfunction. We evaluated the effect of these oxylipins on post-ischemic vasodilation known as coronary reactive hyperemia (CRH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031593/risk-factors-for-farmers-suicides-in-central-rural-india-matched-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#3
Manik Changoji Bhise, Prakash Balkrushna Behere
BACKGROUND: Despite more than two decades since recognition of suicides by farmers in India, systematic studies comparing various risk factors are lacking. This is major hurdle for the formulation of strategies for farmers' suicide prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic and psychological risk factors and their relative contribution in suicides by farmers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A matched case-control psychological autopsy was done on 98 farmers' suicide victims and 98 controls in Central India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031166/very-small-relict-populations-suggest-high-extinction-debt-of-gingers-in-primary-forest-fragments-of-a-tropical-city
#4
Matti A Niissalo, Jana Leong-Škorničková, Gillian S Khew, Edward L Webb
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Tropical plant communities in fragmented forests are likely to experience an extinction debt, i.e., the habitat cannot support as many species as are present due to reduced habitat size and connectivity. There are few estimates of the number of species that represent extinction debt, and the number of extinctions over time has rarely been recorded. We recorded population sizes to assess threats and extinctions in gingers (sensu Zingiberales) in fragmented rainforest in Singapore, ca...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#5
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018796/an-empirical-research-on-evaluating-banks-credit-assessment-of-corporate-customers
#6
Sang-Bing Tsai, Guodong Li, Chia-Huei Wu, Yuxiang Zheng, Jiangtao Wang
BACKGROUND: Under the rapid change of the global financial environment, the risk control of the credit granting is viewed as the foremost task to each bank. With the impact one by one from financial crisis and European debt crisis, the steady bank business is also facing the severe challenge. Banks approve the credits for their customers and then make money from the interest. CASE PRESENTATION: Credit granting is not only the primary job but also the main source of income...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008007/erratum-for-the-report-local-modulation-of-human-brain-responses-by-circadian-rhythmicity-and-sleep-debt-by-v-muto-m-jaspar-c-meyer-c-kuss%C3%A3-s-l-chellappa-c-degueldre-e-balteau-a-shaffii-le-bourdiec-a-luxen-b-middleton-s-n-archer-c-phillips-f-collette-g-vandewalle
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999229/continuous-professional-development-and-health-sector-governance-in-egypt
#8
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Dolores Mattossovich, Mervat El-Seweify, Nabil Dowidar
The Authors present the main activities and results of a Project financed by the Italian-Egyptian Debt Swap Agreement (IEDDS/DS) of the Italian Development Cooperation to repay public debt. The Health Governance Project operated within the Egyptian health reform paradigm and aimed at producing evidence for policy makers to direct and reorient the health sector and service management. It developed along three phases: i) preparatory training of trainers, ii) training in health governance according to modern andragogic methods, such as problem-based learning, iii) following implementation...
October 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997481/state-level-surveillance-of-underinsurance-and-health-care-related-financial-burden
#9
Dora M Dumont, Junhie Oh, Tara Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has reduced uninsurance, but underinsurance, health care-related financial burden, and dental uninsurance may not follow suit. Underinsurance is associated with reduced access to care, household debt, and bankruptcy but has been difficult to track without economic data. METHODS: We used readily available state-level survey data to build a model that states can adopt to implement surveillance over underinsurance and health care-related financial burden, as well as assess related disparities and health profiles...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974571/socioeconomic-correlations-and-stratification-in-social-communication-networks
#10
Yannick Leo, Eric Fleury, J Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin, Carlos Sarraute, Márton Karsai
The uneven distribution of wealth and individual economic capacities are among the main forces, which shape modern societies and arguably bias the emerging social structures. However, the study of correlations between the social network and economic status of individuals is difficult due to the lack of large-scale multimodal data disclosing both the social ties and economic indicators of the same population. Here, we close this gap through the analysis of coupled datasets recording the mobile phone communications and bank transaction history of one million anonymized individuals living in a Latin American country...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974062/interventions-to-reduce-the-impact-of-unemployment-and-economic-hardship-on-mental-health-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#11
T H M Moore, N Kapur, K Hawton, A Richards, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Job loss, debt and financial difficulties are associated with increased risk of mental illness and suicide in the general population. Interventions targeting people in debt or unemployed might help reduce these effects. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions to reduce the effects of unemployment and debt on mental health in general population samples...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966789/the-black-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#12
Elizabeth Mertz, Jean Calvo, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Black dentist workforce, the practice patterns of providers, and their contributions to oral health care for minority and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 32.6 percent response rate for self-reported Black dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were computed to provide a workforce profile of Black dentists...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956384/among-low-income-respondents-with-diabetes-high-deductible-versus-no-deductible-insurance-sharply-reduces-medical-service-use
#13
David L Rabin, Anuradha Jetty, Stephen Petterson, Ziad Saqr, Allison Froehlich
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the effect of private insurance and deductibles (by size) on medical service use, health status, and medical debt for adult respondents with diabetes with low and high incomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the 2011-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, bivariate and regression analyses were conducted to compare demographic characteristics, medical service use, diabetes care, and health status among privately insured adult respondents with diabetes, aged 18-64 years (n = 1,461) by lower (<200% of the federal poverty level) and higher (≥200% of the federal poverty level) income; and deductible vs...
December 12, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939597/a-forecast-for-extinction-debt-in-the-presence-of-speciation
#14
Vasiliki Sgardeli, Yoh Iwasa, Harry Varvoglis, John M Halley
Predicting biodiversity relaxation following a disturbance is of great importance to conservation biology. Recently-developed models of stochastic community assembly allow us to predict the evolution of communities on the basis of mechanistic processes at the level of individuals. The neutral model of biodiversity, in particular, has provided closed-form solutions for the relaxation of biodiversity in isolated communities (no immigration or speciation). Here, we extend these results by deriving a relaxation curve for a neutral community in which new species are introduced through the mechanism of random fission speciation (RFS)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933418/temporal-characteristics-of-eeg-microstates-mediate-trial-by-trial-risk-taking
#15
Andreas Pedroni, Lorena R R Gianotti, Thomas Koenig, Dietrich Lehmann, Pascal Faber, Daria Knoch
People seem to have difficulties when perceiving events whose outcome has no influence on the outcome of future events. This illusion that patterns exist where there are none may lead to adverse consequences, such as escalating losses in financial trading or gambling debt. Despite the enormous social consequences of these cognitive biases, however, their neural underpinnings are poorly understood. Attempts to investigate them have so far relied on evoked neural activity, whereas spontaneous brain activity has been treated as noise to be averaged out...
January 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#16
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927744/student-debt-spans-generations-characteristics-of-parents-who-borrow-to-pay-for-their-children-s-college-education
#17
Katrina M Walsemann, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVES: Discussions of student debt often overlook the debt parents take on to pay for their children's education. We identify characteristics of parents with child-related educational debt among the late baby boom cohort. METHOD: Data come from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, a nationally representative sample of individuals born between 1957 and 1964. We restrict our sample to parents who had any children aged ≥17 and answered questions on educational debt during midlife (n = 6,562)...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902703/sleep-apnea-sleep-debt-and-daytime-sleepiness-are-independently-associated-with-road-accidents-a-cross-sectional-study-on-truck-drivers
#18
Sergio Garbarino, Paolo Durando, Ottavia Guglielmi, Guglielmo Dini, Francesca Bersi, Stefania Fornarino, Alessandra Toletone, Carlo Chiorri, Nicola Magnavita
BACKGROUND: Recent research has found evidence of an association between motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) or near miss accidents (NMAs), and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or its main medical cause, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). However, EDS can also be due to non-medical factors, such as sleep debt (SD), which is common among professional truck drivers. On the opposite side, rest breaks and naps are known to protect against accidents. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of OSA, SD, EDS, rest breaks and naps, with the occurrence of MVAs and NMAs in a large sample of truck drivers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897780/student-life-facing-money-woes-head-on
#19
Lynne Pearce
Debt solutions are wide and variable, ranging from cutting interest costs and budgeting to obtaining free expert help.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893775/extinction-debt-and-colonizer-credit-on-a-habitat-perturbed-fishing-bank
#20
Daniel E Duplisea, Michael G Frisk, Verena M Trenkel
Temporal changes in occupancy of the Georges Bank (NE USA) fish and invertebrate community were examined and interpreted in the context of systems ecological theory of extinction debt (EDT). EDT posits that in a closed system with a mix of competitor and colonizer species and experiencing habitat fragmentation and loss, the competitor species will show a gradual decline in fitness (occupancy) eventually leading to their extinction (extirpation) over multiple generations. A corollary of this is a colonizer credit, where colonizer species occupancy may increase with fragmentation because the disturbance gives that life history a transient relative competitive advantage...
2016: PloS One
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