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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801002/legal-support-for-palliative-care-patients
#1
Tamar Ezer, Naomi Burke-Shyne, Kiera Hepford
CONTEXT: Palliative care patients face legal issues which impact their quality of life. Legal support, embedded in holistic palliative care services, has developed globally over the last decade to address this. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to trace the origins of legal support for palliative care patients, detail models of legal support, and describe achievements and challenges. METHODS: The paper draws on years of work in this area, as well as the available literature...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783230/the-madoffization-of-irish-society-from-ponzi-finance-to-sociological-critique
#2
Lee F Monaghan, Micheal O'Flynn
Financialization and neoliberal policy created the Celtic Tiger. This economic 'miracle' furthered creditors' and property developers' speculative interests, leading to an unstable financial pyramid that eventually imploded in 2008 with catastrophic consequences for Irish society. Using the sociological imagination as social critique, this paper offers a lens on fictitious capital and Ponzi finance in the context of Ireland's boom and bust. Critique is advanced using the Madoffization of society thesis, a sociological heuristic that draws formal comparisons between Bernie Madoff's US$65 billion Ponzi scheme, which collapsed in 2008, and financialized capitalism...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783229/breaking-the-taboo-a-history-of-monetary-financing-canada-1930-1975
#3
Josh Ryan-Collins
Monetary financing - the funding of state expenditure via the creation of new money rather than through taxation or borrowing - has become a taboo policy instrument in advanced economies. It is generally associated with dangerously high inflation and/or war. Relatedly, a key institutional feature of modern independent central banks is that they are not obligated to support government expenditure via money creation. Since the financial crisis of 2007-2008, however, unorthodox monetary policies, in particular quantitative easing, coupled with stagnant growth and high levels of public and private debt have led to questions over the monetary financing taboo...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#4
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769146/what-does-a-swiss-franc-mortgage-cost-the-tale-of-polish-trust-for-foreign-currency-denominated-mortgages-implications-for-well-being-and-health
#5
Piotr Białowolski, Dorota Węziak-Białowolska
It is commonly agreed that excessive household financial debts are detrimental to psychological and physical health. Research also demonstrates that housing instability, mortgage indebtedness and mortgage foreclosure negatively influence subjective well-being. In Poland at the beginning of 2015, homeowners with Swiss franc denominated mortgages suffered from an abrupt swing in the Swiss franc/Polish zloty (CHF/PLN) exchange rate, which resulted in considerable increase in the local currency value of their mortgages...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767499/clinician-investigator-training-and-the-need-to-pilot-new-approaches-to-recruiting-and-retaining-this-workforce
#6
Alison K Hall, Sherry L Mills, P Kay Lund
Clinician-investigators, also called physician-scientists, offer critical knowledge and perspectives that benefit research on basic science mechanisms, improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, population and outcomes medicine, health policy, and health services, yet few clinically trained health professionals pursue a research career. Sustaining this workforce requires attention to the unique challenges faced by investigators who must achieve clinical and research competence during training and their careers...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767497/mediators-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-mentored-k-award-receipt-among-u-s-medical-school-graduates
#7
Dorothy A Andriole, Yan Yan, Donna B Jeffe
PURPOSE: Mentored K (K01/K08/K23) career development awards are positively associated with physicians' success as independent investigators; however, individuals in some racial/ethnic groups are less likely to receive this federal funding. The authors sought to identify variables that explain (mediate) the association between race/ethnicity and mentored K award receipt among U.S. LCME-accredited medical school graduates who planned research-related careers. METHOD: The authors analyzed deidentified data from the Association of American Medical Colleges and the National Institutes of Health Information for Management, Planning, Analysis, and Coordination II grants database for a national cohort of 28,690 graduates from 1997-2004 who planned research-related careers, followed through August 2014...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765452/considering-students-cost-of-a-dental-education-return-on-investment-and-debt-to-income-ratio
#8
Allan J Formicola
The cost for students of a dental education has become an issue of concern. This article explores the return on investment and the debt to income ratio of studying dentistry. These two measures are monitored to gain perspective on whether the cost of education pays off in earnings. The factors underlying these measures and a discussion of them are included. The purpose of this article is to focus attention on one of the current issues facing dental schools in the United States. This article was written as part of the project "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765451/ten-year-student-trends-in-u-s-dental-schools-2004-05-to-2014-15
#9
Allan J Formicola
This article provides an overview of the status of students applying to and enrolling in dental schools in the United States over a ten-year period from 2004-05 to 2014-15. The data are mainly drawn from published reports of the American Dental Association (ADA) and American Dental Education Association (ADEA). This overview includes trends on tuition levels, diversity in enrollment, and debt levels of students upon graduation as well as students' satisfaction with their education. This article was written as part of the project "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765449/trends-in-financing-dental-education-2004-05-to-2011-12
#10
Howard L Bailit, Tryfon Beazoglou
This article examines dental school financial trends from 2004-05 to 2011-12, based on data from the American Dental Association (ADA) annual financial survey completed by all U.S. dental schools. For public schools, revenues from tuition and fees increased 68.6%, and state support declined 17.2% over the examined period. For private schools, revenues from tuition and fees increased 38.9%, and university indirect subsidies declined 77.9% over the same period. The major factors affecting dental school expenditures were the number of students and postdoctoral students, faculty practice, and research...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765445/current-state-of-dental-education-executive-summary
#11
Allan J Formicola
This executive summary for Section 1 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project provides a composite picture of information from 12 background articles on the current state of dental education in the United States. The summary includes the following topics: the current status of the dental curriculum, the implications of student debt and dental school finances, the expansion of enrollment, student diversity, pre- and postdoctoral education, safety net status of dental school clinics, and trends in faculty...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742487/decomposition-for-decarbonisation-evaluation-of-decarbonisation-programmes
#12
Peter Harper
The Kaya Identity has long been used as a simple yet rigorous way to assess options in energy and climate policy. Its shortcoming is that it fails to address the very wide range of non-energy factors. This paper presents a simple extension of the Kaya Identity - the Emissions Quantification Tool or EQT - that incorporates the missing factors while retaining the mathematical transparency of the original. The tool allows national policies to be analysed and compared with international standards for allowable quotas, from which shortfalls or 'carbon debts' can be calculated...
September 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727693/a-cross-disciplinary-assessment-of-student-loans-debt-financial-support-for-study-and-career-preferences-upon-graduation
#13
Craig S Webster, Christopher Ling, Mark Barrow, Phillippa Poole, Marcus Henning
AIM: To explore relationships between student loans debt, financial support and career preferences upon graduation for all healthcare disciplines offered at the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland. METHODS: The Faculty Tracking Project is a longitudinal study which invites students to complete a questionnaire at the beginning and end of their educational programmes, including questions on debt, financial support and career preference. Our analysis comprised three phases: (1) a descriptive analysis of data related to debt and financial support; (2) a principal component analysis in order to find related categories of career choice; and (3) logistic regression models to determine how career preference categories could be explained by either levels of student loans debt or financial support...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724460/health-and-well-being-promotion-strategies-for-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-england-a-mapping-exercise
#14
Steve Iliffe, Kate Walters, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: Older people from deprived areas, the oldest old and those from ethnic minorities engage less in health promotion interventions and related research, potentially generating inequities. Aim To explore and map the extent to which such 'hard to reach' groups of older people, are the focus of local health and well-being strategies in England. METHODS: Document analysis of current health and well-being promotion strategies in a purposive sample of 10 localities in England with high proportions of some or all of the three hard to reach groups...
July 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723999/moving-towards-south-south-international-health-debts-and-challenges-in-the-regional-health-agenda
#15
María Belén Herrero
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to investigate the increased interest in health as an important dimension of the foreign policy and diplomatic concerns together with the emergence of a new framework for regional health integration and regional health diplomacy. Second, it seeks to understand the role and practices of new regional blocs in the field of health and whether they are conducting to the emergence of new strategies for addressing health regional policies in South America. The regional policy process relates to health as a right...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720918/perceived-motivating-factors-and-barriers-for-the-completion-of-postgraduate-training-among-american-pharmacy-students-prior-to-beginning-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#16
Drayton A Hammond, Douglas R Oyler, John W Devlin, Jacob T Painter, Scott Bolesta, Joseph M Swanson, Brett J Bailey, Trisha Branan, Jeffrey F Barletta, Brianne Dunn, Jason S Haney, Paul Juang, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Tyree H Kiser, Hira Shafeeq, Debra Skaar, Pamela Smithburger, Jodi Taylor
Objective. To examine perceived motivating factors and barriers (MFB) to postgraduate training (PGT) pursuit among pharmacy students. Methods. Third-year pharmacy students at 13 schools of pharmacy provided demographics and their plan and perceived MFBs for pursuing PGT. Responses were characterized using descriptive statistics. Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-proportions rank tests determined if differences in perceived MFBs existed between students based on plan to pursue PGT. Results. Among 1218 (69.5%) respondents, 37...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715479/retention-and-recruitment-of-general-dentists-in-an-adjunct-teaching-model-a-pilot-study
#17
Brian J Howe, Verasathpurush Allareddy, Christopher A Barwacz, I Reed Parker, Cheryl L Straub-Morarend, David C Holmes
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Retention and recruitment of part time clinical adjunct faculty members in dental education is becoming increasingly difficult as dental schools come to rely on this workforce for their increased involvement in clinical education. Contributing factors include full time faculty shortage, aging workforce, practice and student debt, practice and family commitments, and financial compensation. This study attempts to ascertain barriers to teaching so appropriate strategies can be formulated to address this issue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713328/recovery-from-unrecognized-sleep-loss-accumulated-in-daily-life-improved-mood-regulation-via-prefrontal-suppression-of-amygdala-activity
#18
Yuki Motomura, Shingo Kitamura, Kyoko Nakazaki, Kentaro Oba, Ruri Katsunuma, Yuri Terasawa, Akiko Hida, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Kazuo Mishima
Many modern people suffer from sleep debt that has accumulated in everyday life but is not subjectively noticed [potential sleep debt (PSD)]. Our hypothesis for this study was that resolution of PSD through sleep extension optimizes mood regulation by altering the functional connectivity between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Fifteen healthy male participants underwent an experiment consisting of a baseline (BL) evaluation followed by two successive interventions, namely, a 9-day sleep extension followed by one night of total sleep deprivation (TSD)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685464/hemoglobin-based-oxygen-carrier-hboc-development-in-trauma-previous-regulatory-challenges-lessons-learned-and-a-path-forward
#19
Peter E Keipert
Historically, hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) were being developed as "blood substitutes," despite their transient circulatory half-life (~ 24 h) vs. transfused red blood cells (RBCs). More recently, HBOC commercial development focused on "oxygen therapeutic" indications to provide a temporary oxygenation bridge until medical or surgical interventions (including RBC transfusion, if required) can be initiated. This included the early trauma trials with HemAssist (®) (BAXTER), Hemopure (®) (BIOPURE) and PolyHeme (®) (NORTHFIELD) for resuscitating hypotensive shock...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674671/long-term-monitoring-reveals-an-avian-species-credit-in-secondary-forest-patches-of-costa-rica
#20
Steven C Latta, Nathan L Brouwer, Alison Olivieri, Julie Girard-Woolley, Judy F Richardson
Degraded and secondary forests comprise approximately 50% of remaining tropical forest. Bird community characteristics and population trends in secondary forests are infrequently studied, but secondary forest may serve as a "safety net" for tropical biodiversity. Less understood is the occurrence of time-delayed, community-level dynamics such as an extinction debt of specialist species or a species credit resulting from the recolonization of forest patches by extirpated species. We sought to elucidate patterns and magnitudes of temporal change in avian communities in secondary forest patches in Southern Costa Rica biannually over a 10 year period during the late breeding season and mid-winter...
2017: PeerJ
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