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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715479/retention-and-recruitment-of-general-dentists-in-an-adjunct-teaching-model-a-pilot-study
#1
Brian J Howe, Verasathpurush Allareddy, Christopher A Barwacz, I Reed Parker, Cheryl L Straub-Morarend, David C Holmes
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Retention and recruitment of part time clinical adjunct faculty members in dental education is becoming increasingly difficult as dental schools come to rely on this workforce for their increased involvement in clinical education. Contributing factors include full time faculty shortage, aging workforce, practice and student debt, practice and family commitments, and financial compensation. This study attempts to ascertain barriers to teaching so appropriate strategies can be formulated to address this issue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713328/recovery-from-unrecognized-sleep-loss-accumulated-in-daily-life-improved-mood-regulation-via-prefrontal-suppression-of-amygdala-activity
#2
Yuki Motomura, Shingo Kitamura, Kyoko Nakazaki, Kentaro Oba, Ruri Katsunuma, Yuri Terasawa, Akiko Hida, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Kazuo Mishima
Many modern people suffer from sleep debt that has accumulated in everyday life but is not subjectively noticed [potential sleep debt (PSD)]. Our hypothesis for this study was that resolution of PSD through sleep extension optimizes mood regulation by altering the functional connectivity between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Fifteen healthy male participants underwent an experiment consisting of a baseline (BL) evaluation followed by two successive interventions, namely, a 9-day sleep extension followed by one night of total sleep deprivation (TSD)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685464/hemoglobin-based-oxygen-carrier-hboc-development-in-trauma-previous-regulatory-challenges-lessons-learned-and-a-path-forward
#3
Peter E Keipert
Historically, hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) were being developed as "blood substitutes," despite their transient circulatory half-life (~ 24 h) vs. transfused red blood cells (RBCs). More recently, HBOC commercial development focused on "oxygen therapeutic" indications to provide a temporary oxygenation bridge until medical or surgical interventions (including RBC transfusion, if required) can be initiated. This included the early trauma trials with HemAssist (®) (BAXTER), Hemopure (®) (BIOPURE) and PolyHeme (®) (NORTHFIELD) for resuscitating hypotensive shock...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674671/long-term-monitoring-reveals-an-avian-species-credit-in-secondary-forest-patches-of-costa-rica
#4
Steven C Latta, Nathan L Brouwer, Alison Olivieri, Julie Girard-Woolley, Judy F Richardson
Degraded and secondary forests comprise approximately 50% of remaining tropical forest. Bird community characteristics and population trends in secondary forests are infrequently studied, but secondary forest may serve as a "safety net" for tropical biodiversity. Less understood is the occurrence of time-delayed, community-level dynamics such as an extinction debt of specialist species or a species credit resulting from the recolonization of forest patches by extirpated species. We sought to elucidate patterns and magnitudes of temporal change in avian communities in secondary forest patches in Southern Costa Rica biannually over a 10 year period during the late breeding season and mid-winter...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667156/debt-recovery-doesn-t-need-to-be-expensive
#5
(no author information available yet)
Michael Whitaker, head of business development at Legal Recoveries and Collections (LRC), explains that pursuing non- or late-paying clients (debtors) through the court doesn't have to be a risky and expensive process. He says it should be an effective part of a veterinary practice's overall debt recovery strategy.
July 1, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664588/welfare-wellness-and-job-satisfaction-of-chinese-physicians-a-national-survey-of-public-tertiary-hospitals-in-china
#6
Jing Sun, Jing Ma, Guangyu Hu, Qi Zhao, Changzheng Yuan, Wen Si, Xinqing Zhang, Yuanli Liu
Little national data are available on Chinese physicians' welfare, wellness, and job satisfaction. We conducted a self-administered smartphone-based national survey in early 2016 of 17 945 physicians from 136 tertiary hospitals across 31 provinces in China. In addition to collecting the physicians' basic information, we also measured 5 domains (the ethical and working environments, welfare, wellness, and job satisfaction). Half of the physicians reported a hospital-based annual income of less than RMB 72 000 ($10 300), and 60...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662246/factors-influencing-orthopedic-surgery-residents-choice-of-subspecialty-fellowship
#7
Joseph J Kavolus, Andrew P Matson, William A Byrd, Brian E Brigman
In the setting of increasing student debt, a rapidly changing health care system, and growing transparency in the age of outcome reporting, residents have many factors to consider when determining which fellowship to pursue. An institutional review board-approved link to an online survey was emailed to orthopedic surgery trainees across the United States. Demographics were collected, and 14 fellowship influences were assessed using a Likert scale. A total of 360 responses were received. Of the respondents, 85...
June 29, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662074/fiber-rich-diet-with-brown-rice-improves-endothelial-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Keiko Kondo, Katsutaro Morino, Yoshihiko Nishio, Atsushi Ishikado, Hisatomi Arima, Keiko Nakao, Fumiyuki Nakagawa, Fumio Nikami, Osamu Sekine, Ken-Ichi Nemoto, Makoto Suwa, Motonobu Matsumoto, Katsuyuki Miura, Taketoshi Makino, Satoshi Ugi, Hiroshi Maegawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A fiber-rich diet has a cardioprotective effect, but the mechanism for this remains unclear. We hypothesized that a fiber-rich diet with brown rice improves endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a single general hospital in Japan were randomly assigned to a brown rice (n = 14) or white rice (n = 14) diet and were followed for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was changes in endothelial function determined from flow debt repayment by reactive hyperemia using strain-gauge plethysmography in the fasting state...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658006/whole-blood-redox-potential-correlates-with-progressive-accumulation-of-oxygen-debt-and-acts-as-a-marker-of-resuscitation-in-a-swine-hemorrhagic-shock-model
#9
Rodney C Daniels, Hyesun Jun, M Hakam Tiba, Brendan McCracken, Pilar Herrera-Fierro, Maryanne Collinson, Kevin R Ward
INTRODUCTION: Oxidation-reduction reactions involve electron exchanges that require optimal balance for proper cell function. This balance is measured via redox potential and reflects oxidative stress. Despite the critical role of oxidative stress in critical illness and injury, little is known regarding redox potential. We hypothesize redox potential measurements will correlate with accumulation of O2 debt produced by hemorrhage over time. METHODS: Ten swine were studied using a polytrauma hemorrhagic shock model...
June 27, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655336/a-survey-of-current-state-of-training-of-plastic-surgery-residents
#10
Asra Hashmi, Faraz A Khan, Floyd Herman, Nathan Narasimhan, Shaher Khan, Carrie Kubiak, Eti Gursel, David A Edelman
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery training is undergoing major changes however there is paucity of data detailing the current state of training as perceived by plastic surgical trainees. Our aim was to determine the quality of training as perceived by the current trainee pool and their future plans. METHODS: A 25-item anonymous survey with three discrete sections (demographics, quality of training, and post-graduate career plans) was developed and distributed to plastic surgery residents during the academic year 2013...
June 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649220/a-study-protocol-for-testing-the-effectiveness-of-user-generated-content-in-reducing-excessive-consumption
#11
Atar Herziger, Amel Benzerga, Jana Berkessel, Niken L Dinartika, Matija Franklin, Kamilla K Steinnes, Felicia Sundström
Excessive consumption is on the rise, as is apparent in growing financial debt and global greenhouse gas emissions. Voluntary simplicity, a lifestyle choice of reduced consumption and sustainable consumer behavior, provides a potential solution for excessive consumers. However, voluntary simplicity is unpopular, difficult to adopt, and under researched. The outlined research project will test a method of promoting voluntary simplicity via user-generated content, thus mimicking an existing social media trend (Minimalism) in an empirical research design...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#12
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645141/does-the-seed-bank-contribute-to-the-build-up-of-a-genetic-extinction-debt-in-the-grassland-perennial-campanula-rotundifolia
#13
Jan Plue, Katrien Vandepitte, Olivier Honnay, Sara A O Cousins
Background and Aims: Habitat fragmentation threatens global biodiversity. Many plant species persist in habitat fragments via persistent life cycle stages such as seed banks, generating a species extinction debt. Here, seed banks are hypothesized to cause a temporal delay in the expected loss of genetic variation, which can be referred to as a genetic extinction debt, as a possible mechanism behind species extinction debts. Methods: Fragmented grassland populations of Campanula rotundifolia were examined for evidence of a genetic extinction debt, investigating if the seed bank contributed to the extinction debt build-up...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639469/barriers-and-facilitators-of-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-rural-eastern-province-zambia-the-role-of-household-economic-status
#14
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
In Zambia, more people living with HIV now have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy than ever before. However, progress in HIV treatment and care has not always resulted in lower mortality. Adherence remains a critical barrier to treatment success. The objective of this study was to examine the barriers and facilitators of antiretroviral therapy adherence, particularly the role of household economic status. The study included a cross-sectional sample of 101 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in two rural communities in eastern Zambia...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617787/rising-levels-of-new-zealand-medical-student-debt
#15
Antonia Verstappen, Phillippa Poole
AIM: There is little recent data on the debt levels accrued by New Zealand medical graduates. We aimed to quantify the level of student loan debt accrued by medical graduates upon completion of their medical degree, and to investigate the association of New Zealand Government Student Loan (GSL) debt with gender and age. METHODS: At graduation each year from 2006-2015, students from one New Zealand medical programme were invited to complete a career intention survey that included information on levels of GSL debt and the number of income sources used...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617784/rising-medical-student-debt-should-we-be-alarmed
#16
EDITORIAL
Tom M Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617455/natural-history-thoreau-s-debt-to-darwin
#17
Randall Fuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617202/hospital-capital-investment-during-the-great-recession
#18
Sung Choi
Hospital capital investment is important for acquiring and maintaining technology and equipment needed to provide health care. Reduction in capital investment by a hospital has negative implications for patient outcomes. Most hospitals rely on debt and internal cash flow to fund capital investment. The great recession may have made it difficult for hospitals to borrow, thus reducing their capital investment. I investigated the impact of the great recession on capital investment made by California hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597541/restless-roosts-light-pollution-affects-behavior-sleep-and-physiology-in-a-free-living-songbird
#19
Jenny Q Ouyang, Maaike de Jong, Roy H A van Grunsven, Kevin D Matson, Mark F Haussmann, Peter Meerlo, Marcel E Visser, Kamiel Spoelstra
The natural nighttime environment is increasingly polluted by artificial light. Several studies have linked artificial light at night to negative impacts on human health. In free-living animals, light pollution is associated with changes in circadian, reproductive, and social behavior, but whether these animals also suffer from physiologic costs remains unknown. To fill this gap, we made use of a unique network of field sites which are either completely unlit (control), or are artificially illuminated with white, green, or red light...
June 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#20
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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