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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617787/rising-levels-of-new-zealand-medical-student-debt
#1
Antonia Verstappen, Phillippa Poole
AIM: There is little recent data on the debt levels accrued by New Zealand medical graduates. We aimed to quantify the level of student loan debt accrued by medical graduates upon completion of their medical degree, and to investigate the association of New Zealand Government Student Loan (GSL) debt with gender and age. METHODS: At graduation each year from 2006-2015, students from one New Zealand medical programme were invited to complete a career intention survey that included information on levels of GSL debt and the number of income sources used...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617784/rising-medical-student-debt-should-we-be-alarmed
#2
EDITORIAL
Tom M Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617455/natural-history-thoreau-s-debt-to-darwin
#3
Randall Fuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617202/hospital-capital-investment-during-the-great-recession
#4
Sung Choi
Hospital capital investment is important for acquiring and maintaining technology and equipment needed to provide health care. Reduction in capital investment by a hospital has negative implications for patient outcomes. Most hospitals rely on debt and internal cash flow to fund capital investment. The great recession may have made it difficult for hospitals to borrow, thus reducing their capital investment. I investigated the impact of the great recession on capital investment made by California hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597541/restless-roosts-light-pollution-affects-behavior-sleep-and-physiology-in-a-free-living-songbird
#5
Jenny Q Ouyang, Maaike de Jong, Roy H A van Grunsven, Kevin D Matson, Mark F Haussmann, Peter Meerlo, Marcel E Visser, Kamiel Spoelstra
The natural nighttime environment is increasingly polluted by artificial light. Several studies have linked artificial light at night to negative impacts on human health. In free-living animals, light pollution is associated with changes in circadian, reproductive, and social behavior, but whether these animals also suffer from physiologic costs remains unknown. To fill this gap, we made use of a unique network of field sites which are either completely unlit (control), or are artificially illuminated with white, green, or red light...
June 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#6
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589835/fears-double-dose-of-debt-is-deterring-mature-students
#7
Erin Dean
With the end of bursaries for nursing students in England a matter of weeks away, academics have told Nursing Standard of the need to ensure mature students are not put off by funding changes. About 6,000 fewer mature students have applied to start nursing courses this coming autumn compared with last year. Figures from the university admissions service UCAS show a 28% drop in the number of over-25s applying in England.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583143/fatigue-mitigation-with-sleeptracktxt2-in-air-medical-emergency-care-systems-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
P Daniel Patterson, Charity G Moore, Frank X Guyette, Jack M Doman, Denisse Sequeira, Howard A Werman, Doug Swanson, David Hostler, Joshua Lynch, Lindsey Russo, Linda Hines, Karen Swecker, Michael S Runyon, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Most air medical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) clinicians work extended duration shifts, and more than 50% report inadequate sleep, poor sleep quality, and/or poor recovery between shifts. The SleepTrackTXT pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02063737) showed that use of mobile phone text messages could impact EMS clinician self-reported fatigue and sleepiness during long duration shifts. The purpose of the SleepTrackTXT2 trial is to leverage lessons learned from the first SleepTrackTXT study and test an enhanced intervention targeting air medical EMS clinicians...
June 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569395/co-located-welfare-advice-in-general-practice-a-realist-qualitative-study
#9
Charlotte Woodhead, Hillliary Collins, Robin Lomas, Rosalind Raine
General practitioners (GPs) engage with patients about a variety of social issues distinct from direct clinical work ("non-health" issues), such as health-related benefits and debt. Co-located welfare advice services could provide support to practices but have usually been considered in terms of patient rather than practice outcomes. We aimed to develop an initial programme theory for how the provision of co-located advice supports specific practice outcomes, and to identify salient barriers and enabling factors...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566462/neurophysiology-and-neural-engineering-a-review
#10
Arthur Prochazka
Neurophysiology is the branch of physiology concerned with understanding the function of neural systems. Neural engineering (also known as neuroengineering) is a discipline within biomedical engineering that uses engineering techniques to understand, repair, replace, enhance, or otherwise exploit the properties and functions of neural systems. In most cases neural engineering involves the development of an interface between electronic devices and living neural tissue. This review describes the origins of neural engineering, the explosive development of methods and devices commencing in the late 1950s and the present-day devices that have resulted...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557777/an-assessment-of-residents-and-fellows-personal-finance-literacy-an-unmet-medical-education-need
#11
Fahd A Ahmad, Andrew J White, Katherine M Hiller, Richard Amini, Donna B Jeffe
Objectives: This study aimed to assess residents' and fellows' knowledge of finance principles that may affect their personal financial health. Methods: A cross-sectional, anonymous, web-based survey was administered to a convenience sample of residents and fellows at two academic medical centers.  Respondents answered 20 questions on personal finance and 28 questions about their own financial planning, attitudes, and debt. Questions regarding satisfaction with one's financial condition and investment-risk tolerance used a 10-point Likert scale (1=lowest, 10=highest)...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552374/differential-motivations-for-pursuing-diagnostic-radiology-by-gender-implications-for-residency-recruitment
#12
Lars J Grimm, Dorothy A Lowell, Sarah W Cater, Sora C Yoon
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine how the motivations to pursue a career in radiology differ by gender. In addition, the influence of medical school radiology education will be assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiology applicants to our institution from the 2015-2016 interview season were offered an online survey in February 2016. Respondents scored the influence of 24 aspects of radiology on their decision to pursue radiology...
May 25, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535313/factors-associated-with-interest-in-pursuing-a-fourth-year-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#13
Patricia A Carney, M Patrice Eiff, Elaine Waller, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal length of residency training in family medicine, as with emergency medicine, is an ongoing debate due to several factors, but perceptions of graduating residents are missing from this debate. METHODS: We used data from 3,054 family medicine residents who registered for the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination in 2014. A practice demographic questionnaire was a mandatory component of registration. The survey included the question, "If another year of training were available in your residency program, how likely would you be to pursue that?" We examined several factors potentially associated with interest in additional training...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520770/life-history-trade-off-moderates-model-predictions-of-diversity-loss-from-climate-change
#14
Helen Moor
Climate change can trigger species range shifts, local extinctions and changes in diversity. Species interactions and dispersal capacity are important mediators of community responses to climate change. The interaction between multispecies competition and variation in dispersal capacity has recently been shown to exacerbate the effects of climate change on diversity and to increase predictions of extinction risk dramatically. Dispersal capacity, however, is part of a species' overall ecological strategy and are likely to trade off with other aspects of its life history that influence population growth and persistence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502710/graduating-pediatric-residents-entering-the-hospital-medicine-workforce-2006-2015
#15
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Mary Pat Frintner
OBJECTIVE: In October 2016, the American Board of Medical Specialties approved the petition for pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) to become the newest pediatric subspecialty. Knowledge about residents entering the PHM workforce is needed to inform certification and fellowship accreditation. This study describes the characteristics of graduating pediatric residents with PHM positions and identifies factors associated with post-residency position choices. METHODS: We analyzed data from the American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Survey of Graduating Residents, 2006-2015...
May 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481903/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-delay-discounting-and-risky-financial-behaviors-a-preliminary-analysis-of-self-report-data
#16
Theodore P Beauchaine, Itzhak Ben-David, Aner Sela
Delay discounting-often referred to as hyperbolic discounting in the financial literature-is defined by a consistent preference for smaller, immediate rewards over larger, delayed rewards, and by failure of future consequences to curtail current consummatory behaviors. Previous research demonstrates (1) excessive delay discounting among individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), (2) common neural substrates of delay discounting and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms of ADHD, and (3) associations between delay discounting and both debt burden and high interest rate borrowing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481358/decreased-alertness-due-to-sleep-loss-increases-pain-sensitivity-in-mice
#17
Chloe Alexandre, Alban Latremoliere, Ashley Ferreira, Giulia Miracca, Mihoko Yamamoto, Thomas E Scammell, Clifford J Woolf
Extended daytime and nighttime activities are major contributors to the growing sleep deficiency epidemic, as is the high prevalence of sleep disorders like insomnia. The consequences of chronic insufficient sleep for health remain uncertain. Sleep quality and duration predict presence of pain the next day in healthy subjects, suggesting that sleep disturbances alone may worsen pain, and experimental sleep deprivation in humans supports this claim. We demonstrate that sleep loss, but not sleep fragmentation, in healthy mice increases sensitivity to noxious stimuli (referred to as 'pain') without general sensory hyper-responsiveness...
June 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480470/on-contributing-to-the-progress-of-medical-informatics-as-publisher-congratulations-to-imia-honorary-fellow-dieter-bergemann-on-his-80th-birthday
#18
R Haux, A Geissbuhler, J Holmes, M-C Jaulent, S Koch, C A Kulikowski, C U Lehmann, A T McCray, B Séroussi, L F Soualmia, J H van Bemmel
May 1st, 2017, will mark Dieter Bergemann's 80th birthday. As Chief Executive Officer and Owner of Schattauer Publishers from 1983 to 2016, the biomedical and health informatics community owes him a great debt of gratitude. The past and present editors of Methods of Information in Medicine, the IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics, and Applied Clinical Informatics want to honour and thank Dieter Bergemann by providing a brief biography that emphasizes his contributions, by reviewing his critical role as an exceptionally supportive publisher for Schattauer's three biomedical and health informatics periodicals, and by sharing some personal anecdotes...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469329/financial-burden-faced-by-families-due-to-out-of-pocket-expenses-during-the-treatment-of-their-cancer-children-an-indian-perspective
#19
Latha M Sneha, Jeyanth Sai, S Ashwini, Sunitha Ramaswamy, Mahalakshmi Rajan, Julius X Scott
CONTEXT: Life-saving cancer therapy is costly and may result in financial burden for these families. Financial costs for treating childhood cancer care are traditionally assessed based on the amount spent for diagnostic tests, hospitalization, and chemotherapy. The financial costs for travel, accommodation, out-of-pocket expenses for food, phone bills, and loss of income due to reduction or termination of parental employment are hidden nonmedical expenses that are rarely accounted for...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469009/heroes-of-the-engram
#20
Sheena A Josselyn, Stefan Köhler, Paul W Frankland
In 1904, Richard Semon introduced the term "engram" to describe the neural substrate responsible for (or at least important in) storing and recalling memories (i.e., a memory trace). The recent introduction of a vast array of powerful new tools to probe and manipulate memory function at the cell and neuronal circuit level has spurred an explosion of interest in studying the engram. However, the present "engram renaissance" was not borne in isolation but rather builds on a long tradition of memory research. We believe it is important to acknowledge the debts our current generation of scientists owes to those scientists who have offered key ideas, persevered through failed experiments and made important discoveries before us...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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