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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330816/testing-the-role-of-external-debt-in-environmental-degradation-empirical-evidence-from-turkey
#1
Salih Katircioglu, Aysem Celebi
This study investigates the role of external debt stock in Turkey, which has suffered from heavy (external and domestic) debt stock for many years. Annual data from 1960 to 2013 was analyzed using time series analysis in order to study this. The results confirm the validity of the conventional environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in the case of Turkey. However, this study also found that Turkey's external debt stock did not influence the Turkish economy's long-term EKC behavior. Fortunately, the results suggest that there are important interactions among external debt stock, CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and real income; that is, changes in external debt volume precede changes in these aggregates' volumes...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320606/splitting-water-by-electrochemistry-and-artificial-photosynthesis-excellent-science-but-a-nightmare-of-translation
#2
REVIEW
Markus Antonietti, Alexandr Savateev
Water splitting to its elements, either by electrochemistry or by solar light, is among the most covered areas in nanostructured functional materials. This personal account article analyzes potential downstream translation problems and reviews alternative chemistries with a potential higher return. Liberation of oxygen for accepting the holes is a kinetically demanding half reaction afflicted with kinetic hindrances and high overpotentials, while at the same time no marketable value is created (atmospheric oxygen is free to use)...
January 10, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313250/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-economy-its-association-with-academic-engagement-and-the-role-of-school-based-and-parental-relationships
#3
Nancy E Hill, Belle Liang, Diamond Y Bravo, Maggi Price, Whitney Polk, John Perella, Mandy Savitz-Romer
In the context of widespread media coverage of economic problems, un- and under-employment, and overwhelming student loan debt, youth are making sense of the prospects of getting a job and value of education. Further, they are assessing the implications of the job market in curtailing or enhancing their future success. School-based and familial relationships may support students in making sense of the job market. The current study focuses on how youth view the economy, its association with academic engagement, and how parental and school-based relationships shape views of the job market and their impact on academic engagement...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313243/racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-the-relationship-between-student-loan-debt-and-the-transition-to-first-birth
#4
Stella Min, Miles G Taylor
The present study employs discrete-time hazard regression models to investigate the relationship between student loan debt and the probability of transitioning to either marital or nonmarital first childbirth using the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97). Accounting for nonrandom selection into student loans using propensity scores, our study reveals that the effect of student loan debt on the transition to motherhood differs among white, black, and Hispanic women. Hispanic women holding student loans experience significant declines in the probability of transitioning to both marital and nonmarital motherhood, whereas black women with student loans are significantly more likely to transition to any first childbirth...
January 8, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302571/sleeping-habits-among-school-children-and-their-effects-on-sleep-pattern
#5
Apurva Mishra, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Anurag Minz, Varuni Arora
Introduction: Sleep problems can occur at any age. Inadequate sleep affects the physiological as well as psychological well-being of an individual. Thus, the objective of the present study is, to determine the pre sleep habits, duration and pattern of sleep among school children and to determine association between their sleep schedules and sleep habits. Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised of 1050 children attending the government school. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria children were from three age groups: 4-5 years, 6-10 years and 11-15 years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278249/governing-the-resilience-of-neoliberalism-through-biopolitics
#6
Luca Mavelli
Neoliberalism is widely regarded as the main culprit for the 2007/2008 global financial crisis. However, despite this abysmal failure, neoliberalism has not merely survived the crisis, but actually 'thrived'. How is it possible to account for the resilience of neoliberalism? Existing scholarship has answered this question either by focusing on the distinctive qualities of neoliberalism (such as adaptability, internal coherence and capacity to incorporate dissent) or on the biopolitical capacity of neoliberalism to produce resilient subjects...
September 2017: Eur J Int Relat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248900/karl-jaspers-the-icon-of-modern-psychiatry
#7
Michael A Schwartz, Marcin Moskalewicz, Osborne P Wiggins
December 2015 and March 2016 issues of the American Journal of Psychiatry contain a debate focusing on the legacy of Emil Kraepelin, widely considered one of the founders if not the iconic founder of modern scientific psychiatry. The authors, Eric J. Engstrom and Kenneth S. Kendler, challenge the so-called neo-Kraepelinian view of Kraepelin and argue that the true, historical Kraepelin was far more inclined towards scientific psychology, less reductionist and brain-centric, and more skeptical nosologically than his later followers apparently believe...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231764/relevance-of-chronotype-for-eating-patterns-in-adolescents
#8
Sarah Roßbach, Tanja Diederichs, Ute Nöthlings, Anette E Buyken, Ute Alexy
During adolescence, a shift from morningness to eveningness occurs, yet school continues to start early in the morning. Hence, adolescents are at risk for social jetlag, i.e. a discrepancy between biological and social timing. It remains to be determined whether chronotype associates with daily and daytime-specific eating patterns during this potentially critical period. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronotype is decisive for daily eating patterns [total energy intake (TEI, kcal), total macronutrient intake (% of TEI), eating occasion frequency (n/day), meal frequency (n/day), snack frequency (n/day), duration of nightly fasting], or daytime-specific eating patterns [morning (before 11 am) energy intake (% of TEI), morning macronutrient intake (% of morning energy intake), regular breakfast skipping (no morning energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no), evening (after 6 pm) energy intake (% of TEI), evening macronutrient intake (% of evening energy intake), regular dinner skipping (no evening energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no)] in German adolescents...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231249/analysis-of-the-costs-of-veterinary-education-and-factors-associated-with-financial-stress-among-veterinary-students-in-australia
#9
K P Gregory, S M Matthew, J A Baguley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course-related and other costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia and how these costs are met. The study also aimed to identify sociodemographic and course-related factors associated with increased financial stress. METHODS: Students from seven Australian veterinary schools were surveyed using an online questionnaire. A total of 443 students participated (response rate 17%). Responses to survey items relating to finances, employment and course-related costs were compared with sociodemographic factors and prior research in the area of student financial stress...
December 12, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216910/perceived-causes-of-stress-among-a-group-of-western-canadian-dental-students
#10
Alyssa Hayes, Jay N Hoover, Chandima P Karunanayake, Gerald S Uswak
OBJECTIVE: The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013-2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental environmental survey (DES). RESULTS: Of the 111 students enrolled at the College that year 92 completed the survey (response rate = 83%)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216017/sleep-quantity-and-quality-of-ontario-wildland-firefighters-across-a-low-hazard-fire-season
#11
Zachary McGillis, Sandra C Dorman, Ayden Robertson, Michel Larivière, Caleb Leduc, Tammy Eger, Bruce E Oddson, Céline Larivière
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the sleep quality, quantity, and fatigue levels of Canadian wildland firefighters while on deployment. METHODS: Objective and subjective sleep and fatigue measures were collected using actigraphy and questionnaires during non-fire (Base) and fire (Initial Attack and Project) deployments. RESULTS: Suboptimal sleep quality and quantity were more frequently observed during high-intensity, Initial Attack fire deployments...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202084/the-market-for-reproductive-tourism-an-analysis-with-special-reference-to-greece
#12
Anastasia Paraskou, Babu P George
Background: For many people, the need for parenthood remains unfulfilled due to biological reasons and a remedy for these individuals is assisted reproduction (AR). Because of widely differing and sometimes incompatible legislations around the world related to AR, there is considerable confusion across national borders. Within Europe, Greece seems to be in a comparatively favorable position because of lower restrictions and the availability of decent quality specialized medical facilities...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193550/loss-of-dendritic-connectivity-in-southern-california-s-urban-riverscape-facilitates-decline-of-an-endemic-freshwater-fish
#13
Jonathan Q Richmond, Adam R Backlin, Carey Galst-Cavalcante, John W O'Brien, Robert N Fisher
Life history adaptations and spatial configuration of metapopulation networks allow certain species to persist in extreme fluctuating environments, yet long-term stability within these systems relies on the maintenance of linkage habitat. Degradation of such linkages in urban riverscapes can disrupt this dynamic in aquatic species, leading to increased extinction debt in local populations experiencing environment-related demographic flux. We used microsatellites and mtDNA to examine the effects of collapsed network structure in the endemic Santa Ana sucker Catostomus santaanae of southern California, a threatened species affected by natural flood-drought cycles, 'boom-and-bust' demography, hybridization, and presumed artificial transplantation...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187981/clonality-disguises-the-vulnerability-of-a-threatened-arid-zone-acacia
#14
David G Roberts, Cairo N Forrest, Andrew J Denham, David J Ayre
Long-lived, widespread plant species are expected to be genetically diverse, reflecting the interaction between large population sizes, overlapping generations, and gene flow. Such species are thought to be resilient to disturbance, but may carry an extinction debt due to reproductive failure. Genetic studies of Australian arid zone plant species suggest an unusually high frequency of asexuality, polyploidy, or both. A preliminary AFLP genetic study implied that the naturally fragmented arid zone tree, Acacia carneorum, is almost entirely dependent on asexual reproduction through suckering, and stands may have lacked genetic diversity and interconnection even prior to the onset of European pastoralism...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187624/delayed-behavioural-shifts-undermine-the-sustainability-of-social-ecological-systems
#15
A-S Lafuite, C de Mazancourt, M Loreau
Natural habitat destruction and fragmentation generate a time-delayed loss of species and associated ecosystem services. As social-ecological systems (SESs) depend on a range of ecosystem services, lagged ecological dynamics may affect their long-term sustainability. Here, we investigate the role of consumption changes for sustainability, under a time-delayed ecological feedback on agricultural production. We use a stylized model that couples the dynamics of biodiversity, technology, human demography and compliance with a social norm prescribing sustainable consumption...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185893/milestone-educational-planning-initiatives-in-veterinary-medical-education-progress-and-pitfalls
#16
Elizabeth A Stone, Jessica Reimann, Lisa M Greenhill, Cate E Dewey
Three milestone educational planning initiatives engaged the veterinary medical profession in the United States and Canada between 1987 and 2011, namely the Pew National Veterinary Education Program, the Foresight Project, and the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium. In a quantitative study, we investigated the impact of these initiatives on veterinary medical education through a survey of academic leaders (deans, previous deans, and associate deans for academics from veterinary medical schools that are members of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges) to assess their perspectives on the initiatives and eight recommendations that were common to all three initiatives...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157366/culling-from-the-actors-perspectives-decision-making-criteria-for-culling-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-herds-enrolled-in-a-veterinary-preventive-medicine-program
#17
Denis Haine, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Jonathan Rushton, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
The series of events leading to the decision to cull a cow is complex, involving both individual-level and herd-level factors. While the decision is guided by financial returns, it is also influenced by social and psychological factors. Research studies on the motivational and behavioural aspects of farmers' decision utility are sparse, and nonexistent regarding culling expectations and its decision process. Our goal was to identify shared criteria on culling decisions held by dairy producers and farm advisers, with the help of the Q-methodology...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146646/cross-sectional-study-of-the-financial-cost-of-training-to-the-surgical-trainee-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#18
John O'Callaghan, Helen M Mohan, Anna Sharrock, Vimal Gokani, J Edward Fitzgerald, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
OBJECTIVES: Applications for surgical training have declined over the last decade, and anecdotally the costs of training at the expense of the surgical trainee are rising. We aimed to quantify the costs surgical trainees are expected to cover for postgraduate training. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A non-mandatory online questionnaire for UK-based trainees was distributed nationally...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124715/the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-perception-of-emotional-support-in-medical-students-and-residents-and-implications-for-educational-institutions
#19
Alan McLuckie, Katherine M Matheson, Ashley L Landers, Jeff Landine, Jason Novick, Tessa Barrett, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is pervasive among medical students and residents (MSR) and is associated with academic under-performance, decreased empathy, burnout, and suicidal ideation. To date, there has been little examination of how demographic and socioeconomic factors influence trainee's psychological distress levels, despite suggestion that financial concerns are a common source of stress. Recent Canadian studies examining the prevalence of distress, burnout, and resilience in MSR are limited...
November 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120292/survival-and-negotiation-narratives-of-severe-near-miss-neonatal-complications-of-syrian-women-in-lebanon
#20
Livia Wick
The World Health Organization has elaborated a maternal and neonatal near-miss reporting, audit and feedback system designed to improve the quality of care during and after childbirth. As part of a four-hospital comparative study in the Middle East, this article discusses the experiences of mothers whose newborns suffered from severe complications at birth in the Rafik Hariri University Hospital, the only public hospital in Beirut. Based on in-depth home interviews several weeks after childbirth, it aims to explore the experience of neonatal near-miss events through the mothers' birth narratives...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
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