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Loan Bui, Adham Aleid, Ahmad Alassaf, Otto C Wilson, Christopher B Raub, Victor Frenkel
In vitro investigations of ultrasound mediated, intracellular drug and gene delivery (i.e. sonoporation) are typically carried out in cells cultured in standard plastic well plates. This creates conditions that poorly resemble in vivo conditions, as well as generating unwanted ultrasound phenomena that may confound the interpretation of results. Here, we present our results in the development of a biological scaffold for sonoporation studies. The scaffolds were comprised of cellulose fibers coated with chitosan and gelatin...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Steven Taylor
At the age of 56, I am glad I never entered into discussion or read any information about altering or tampering with my NHS pension scheme (news, 21 September, page 10 ). I feel the NHS is acting like a loan shark, encouraging people to stop contributing so they have more money in their pocket today, but this will be paid back four-fold in years to come through lost pension income.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Agnès Dumas, Florent De Vathaire, Gilles Vassal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz, Agata Gasiorowska, Katarzyna Stasiuk, Renata Maksymiuk, Yoram Bar-Tal
The goal of this experimental project was to investigate lay peoples' perceptions of epistemic authority (EA) in the field of finance. EA is defined as the extent to which a source of information is treated as evidence for judgments independently of its objective expertise and based on subjective beliefs. Previous research suggested that EA evaluations are biased and that lay people tend to ascribe higher EA to experts who advise action (in the case of medical experts) or confirm clients' expectations (in the case of politicians)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is adding to its medical regulations a program for the repayment of educational loans for certain psychiatrists who agree to a period of obligated service with VA. This program is intended to increase the pool of qualified VA psychiatrists and increase veterans' access to mental health care.
September 29, 2016: Federal Register
Patrick C M Wong, Loan Vuong, Kevin Liu
Variability in drug responsivity has prompted the development of Personalized Medicine, which has shown great promise in utilizing genotypic information to develop safer and more effective drug regimens for patients. Similarly, individual variability in learning outcomes has puzzled researchers who seek to create optimal learning environments for students. "Personalized Learning" seeks to identify genetic, neural and behavioral predictors of individual differences in learning and aims to use predictors to help create optimal teaching paradigms...
October 5, 2016: Neuropsychologia
Benjamin Miranda Tabak, Tito Belchior Silva Moreira, Dimas Mateus Fazio, André Luiz Cordeiro Cavalcanti, George Henrrique de Moura Cunha
This paper examines the bank lending channel, which considers how monetary authority actions affect the variation of loans. We focus on the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) totalizing 1254 banks from five countries in the period 2000-2012 (totalizing 13 years). The empirical results show that the effect of money supply growth on the growth of loans is non-linear and inverted U-shaped. In this context, our results show empirical evidence expansionary monetary policies do not increase the propensity of economic agents to systematically take greater risks on the market...
2016: PloS One
D N Tran, H H Tran, M Matsui, M Suzuki, S Suzuki, K Shibayama, T D Pham, T T Van Phuong, D A Dang, H S Trinh, C T Loan, L T V Nga, H R van Doorn, H F L Wertheim
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of multidrug-resistant hospital acquired infections in the world. Here, we investigate the presence of NDM-1 and other carbapenemases among carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolated between August 2010 and December 2014 from three large hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam. We identified 23/582 isolates (4 %) (11 from hospital A, five from hospital B, and seven from hospital C) that were NDM-1 positive, and among them 18 carried additional carbapenemase genes, including seven isolates carrying NDM-1, IMP-1, and OXA-58 with high MICs for carbapenems...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Jeremy Thomas, Joseph Loane, Richard Matthews, Scott Maxwell, Tim Ingman, Mathew Beesley, Lynda Ferrigan
AIMS: To critically evaluate HER2 testing data for 3500 consecutive cases over 28 months for a single laboratory and review these findings in the light of current UK reporting guidelines. METHODS: We have reviewed all data relating to the HER2 testing service including reagents and analytical machine, HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) scoring profiles. We have examined the place of double counting and rapid screening of FISH and when it is and is not safe to do so...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Angela Huttner, Marina Cacace, Luciano d'Andrea, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Dan Otelea, Francesca Pugliese, Evelina Tacconelli
OBJECTIVES: In this qualitative study we explore the social, cultural, psychological, and organizational factors associated with inequality in the workplace among clinical microbiologists (CM) and infectious disease (ID) specialists in European hospitals. METHODS: We analysed data from 52 interviews and five focus groups involving 82 CM/ID specialists selected from university, research or community hospitals in five countries, one each in Northern, Western, Eastern, Southeastern, and Southwestern Europe...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Yang Xia, Peter Stilbs
OBJECTIVE: To recap the historical journey leading to the first cartilage research article using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), published in 1955 by 2 Swedish researchers, Erik Odeblad and Gunnar Lindström. DESIGN: Extensive Internet search utilizing both English and Swedish websites, and reading the dissertations available at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) and via interlibrary loans at Oakland University (Michigan, USA). RESULTS: Using a primitive NMR instrument that Lindström built for his graduate research at the Nobel Institute for Physics (Stockholm, Sweden), Odeblad and Lindström studied the characteristics of the NMR signal in calf cartilage...
October 2016: Cartilage
Todd E Katzner, David M Nelson, Melissa A Braham, Jacqueline M Doyle, Nadia B Fernandez, Adam E Duerr, Peter H Bloom, Matthew C Fitzpatrick, Tricia A Miller, Renee C E Culver, Loan Braswell, J Andrew DeWoody
Renewable energy production is expanding rapidly despite mostly unknown environmental effects on wildlife and habitats. We used genetic and stable isotope data collected from Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) killed at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (APWRA) in California in demographic models to test hypotheses about the geographic extent and demographic consequences of fatalities caused by renewable energy facilities. Geospatial analyses of δ(2) H values obtained from feathers showed that ≥25% of these APWRA-killed eagles were recent immigrants to the population, most from long distances away (>100 km)...
September 27, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Amanda W Scarbrough, Marianne Moore, Steve R Shelton, Regina J Knox
To reduce health professional shortage areas, the National Health Service Corps has attempted to increase the number of primary care providers in underserved communities through scholarships and loan repayment. Program evaluations assessed Loan Repayment Program (LRP) propensity to work in underserved communities. The National Health Service Corps LRPs were asked about preferences for particular retention strategies and which strategies were utilized by their clinical sites. Loan Repayment Programs were asked to rank retention strategies...
September 26, 2016: Health Care Manager
David E Schindel, Scott E Miller, Michael G Trizna, Eileen Graham, Adele E Crane
The Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories is an online metadata resource for biodiversity collections, the institutions that contain them, and associated staff members. The registry provides contact and address information, characteristics of the institutions and collections using controlled vocabularies and free-text descripitons, links to related websites, unique identifiers for each institution and collection record, text fields for loan and use policies, and a variety of other descriptors. Each institution record includes an institutionCode that must be unique, and each collection record must have a collectionCode that is unique within that institution...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
Catherine M Millett
The landmark report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health set a goal for the nursing community to increase the proportion of nurses with a baccalaureate degree from 50 to 80% by 2020 (Institute of Medicine, 2010). Nursing has witnessed a dramatic growth in the number of enrollments in accelerated baccalaureate of science in nursing programs for nonnursing graduates (Fang, Bednash, & DeWitty, 2012). Financing these degrees can be challenging. Many second-degree students no longer qualify for the federal grant programs and may have exhausted their federal undergraduate loan limits...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Kuan-Hui Xiang, Eleftherios Michailidis, Hai Ding, Ya-Qin Peng, Ming-Ze Su, Yao Li, Xue-En Liu, Viet Loan Dao Thi, Xian-Fang Wu, William M Schneider, Charles M Rice, Hui Zhuang, Tong Li
BACKGROUND & AIMS: As important virological markers, serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels show large fluctuations among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. The aim of this study was to reveal the potential impact and mechanisms of amino acid (AA) substitutions in small hepatitis B surface proteins (SHBs) on serum HBsAg and HBV DNA levels. METHODS: Serum samples from 230 untreated chronic hepatitis B patients with genotype C HBV were analyzed in terms of HBV DNA levels, serological markers of HBV infection and SHBs sequences...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Diana J Mason
The Hill Burton Act, which was signed into law in 1946 and ended in 1997, was one of the most significant forces that shaped the health care system we have today. Providing grants and loans for the construction and expansion of hospitals across the country, it required beneficiary hospitals to give some amount of uncompensated care to the poor and uninsured in return. The act not only led to our health care system's current emphasis on the acute-care hospital as the primary site of health care delivery, but it also had a profound effect on nursing, fully involving the profession in an acute-care world...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
Sheri D Weiser, Abigail M Hatcher, Lee L Hufstedler, Elly Weke, Shari L Dworkin, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Rachel L Burger, Stephen Kodish, Nils Grede, Lisa M Butler, Craig R Cohen
This longitudinal qualitative study sought to understand how and why a livelihood intervention affected the health and health behaviors of HIV-infected Kenyan adults. The intervention included a microfinance loan, agricultural and financial training, and a human-powered water pump. In-depth interviews were conducted at two time points with intervention and control participants and program staff. We double coded interviews (n = 117) and used thematic content analysis of transcripts following an integrative inductive-deductive approach...
September 16, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Amy F Bailes, Cailee Caldwell, Mike Clay, Melissa Tremper, Kari Dunning, Jason Long
PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate orthotic, total and therapeutic effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprosthesis use on clinic based measures of gait and function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: Eleven children (mean 9 years 11 months) participated in an FES neuroprosthesis (Ness L300) intervention (4 week accommodation period followed by 12 weeks of daily use) and were assessed at baseline and post in stimulation off and stimulation on conditions...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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