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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933637/association-of-temporal-variations-in-staffing-with-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-in-military-hospitals
#1
Patricia A Patrician, Mary S McCarthy, Pauline Swiger, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Kelly H Randall, Lori A Loan
To more precisely evaluate the effects of nurse staffing on hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) development, data on nursing care hours per patient day (NCHPPD), nursing skill mix, patient turnover (i.e., admissions, transfers, and discharges), and patient acuity were merged with patient information from pressure injury prevalence surveys that were collected annually for the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD) project. The MilNOD included staffing and adverse events from 56 medical-surgical, stepdown, and critical care units in 13 military hospitals over a 4-year-period...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916592/new-developments-in-cardiac-regeneration
#2
REVIEW
Thi Yen Loan Le, Sujitha Thavapalachandran, Eddy Kizana, James Jh Chong
Numerous pharmacological and device therapies have improved adverse cardiac remodelling and mortality in heart failure. However, none are able to regenerate damaged cardiac tissue. Stem cell based therapies using multipotent (adult) stem cells and pluripotent stem cells are new approaches that could potentially achieve the elusive goal of true cardiac regeneration. Over the past two decades, various stem cell based approaches have been shown to improve left ventricular function in pre-clinical animal models...
November 19, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878638/evolution-of-ds-1-like-g1p-8-double-gene-reassortant-rotavirus-a-strains-causing-gastroenteritis-in-children-in-vietnam-in-2012-2013
#3
Toyoko Nakagomi, Minh Quang Nguyen, Punita Gauchan, Chantal Ama Agbemabiese, Miho Kaneko, Loan Phuong Do, Thiem Dinh Vu, Osamu Nakagomi
Rotavirus A (RVA) strains, a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children worldwide, commonly possess the Wa or DS-1 genotype constellations. During a hospital-based study conducted in Hanoi, Vietnam, in the 2012-2013 rotavirus season, G1P[8] strains with a virtually identical short RNA migration pattern were detected in 20 (14%) of 141 rotavirus-positive samples. Two representatives of these strains were shown by whole-genome sequencing to be double-gene reassortants possessing the genotype constellation of G1-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861010/staff-turn-to-loans-and-food-banks-says-unison
#4
Chris Longhurst
Hard-pressed health service staff are turning to payday loans, pawning their belongings and visiting food banks as they struggle to make ends meet, according to research by Unison.
November 2, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859651/sustained-striatal-dopamine-levels-following-intestinal-levodopa-infusions-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#5
Marios Politis, Anna Sauerbier, Clare Loane, Nicola Pavese, Anne Martin, Benjamin Corcoran, David J Brooks, K Ray-Chaudhuri, Paola Piccini
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate in vivo the ability of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusions to produce sustained striatal dopamine levels and to improve clinical outcomes in Parkinson's disease patients. METHODS: Six advanced Parkinson's disease patients had serial [(11) C]raclopride PET to assess levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusion-induced rises in striatal dopamine as reflected by a fall in dopamine-D2/3 receptor availability...
November 17, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847534/quality-assurance-testing-of-transoesophageal-echocardiography-probes
#6
Christopher McLeod, Kirsty McNeill, Karne McBride, Scott Inglis, Stephen D Pye
INTRODUCTION: In response to an ultrasound imaging issue with transoesophageal echocardiography probes, a testing protocol was developed to check features pertinent to the operation of these probes. The imaging problem was detected in multiple probes of the same make and model. METHODS: Over a two-year period, a series of 26 probes of this model were tested at acceptance, then three to six months later before being replaced due to a defect. A range of visual, mechanical and electrical tests were performed...
November 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824340/spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-multidimensional-well-being-livelihoods-and-ecosystem-services-in-coastal-bangladesh
#7
Helen Adams, W Neil Adger, Sate Ahmad, Ali Ahmed, Dilruba Begum, Attila N Lázár, Zoe Matthews, Mohammed Mofizur Rahman, Peter Kim Streatfield
Populations in resource dependent economies gain well-being from the natural environment, in highly spatially and temporally variable patterns. To collect information on this, we designed and implemented a 1586-household quantitative survey in the southwest coastal zone of Bangladesh. Data were collected on material, subjective and health dimensions of well-being in the context of natural resource use, particularly agriculture, aquaculture, mangroves and fisheries. The questionnaire included questions on factors that mediate poverty outcomes: mobility and remittances; loans and micro-credit; environmental perceptions; shocks; and women's empowerment...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822151/a-journal-cancellation-survey-and-resulting-impact-on-interlibrary-loan
#8
Jacob L Nash, Karen R McElfresh
OBJECTIVE: The research describes an extensible method of evaluating and cancelling electronic journals during a budget shortfall and evaluates implications for interlibrary loan (ILL) and user satisfaction. METHODS: We calculated cost per use for cancellable electronic journal subscriptions (n=533) from the 2013 calendar year and the first half of 2014, cancelling titles with cost per use greater than $20 and less than 100 yearly uses. For remaining titles, we issued an online survey asking respondents to rank the importance of journals to their work...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821690/tetanus-in-southern-vietnam-current-situation
#9
Duong Bich Thuy, James I Campbell, Thanh Tran Tan, Cao Thu Thuy, Huynh Thi Loan, Nguyen Van Hao, Yen Lam Minh, Le Van Tan, Maciej F Boni, C Louise Thwaites
In Vietnam, there are no accurate data on tetanus incidence to allow assessment of disease burden or vaccination program efficacy. We analyzed age structure of 786 tetanus cases admitted to a tertiary referral center in Vietnam for three separate years during an 18-year period to examine the impact of tetanus prevention programs, namely the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) and the Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus (MNT) initiative. Most cases were born before the initiation of EPI. Median age increased from 33 (interquartile range: 20-52) in 1994, to 46 (32-63) in 2012 (P < 0...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812904/clinical-comparison-of-robotic-laparoscopic-and-open-hysterectomy-procedures-for-endometrial-cancer-patients
#10
Lynette Johnson, W Douglas Bunn, Loan Nguyen, Jessica Rice, Minakshi Raj, Mary J Cunningham
The goal of this study was to compare outcomes for robotic, laparoscopic, and open hysterectomy procedures for endometrial cancer as well as to investigate whether specific patient demographic, comorbidity, and severity variables were associated with the type of hysterectomy performed. A retrospective review was conducted of hysterectomy procedures for patients discharged from October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2012. Preoperative characteristics included age, BMI, number of past abdominal surgeries, and comorbidities...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804134/the-effect-of-governance-mechanisms-on-food-safety-in-the-supply-chain-evidence-from-the-lebanese-dairy-sector
#11
Gumataw K Abebe, Ali Chalak, Mohamad G Abiad
BACKGROUND: Food safety is a key public health issue worldwide. This study aims to characterise existing governance mechanisms - governance structures (GSs) and food safety management systems (FSMSs) - and analyse the alignment thereof in detecting food safety hazards, based on empirical evidence from Lebanon. RESULTS: Firm-to-firm and public baseline are the dominant FSMSs applied in a large-scale, while chain-wide FSMSs are observed only in a small-scale. Most transactions involving farmers are relational and market-based in contrast to (large-scale) processors, which opt for hierarchical GSs...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803293/physical-therapist-student-loan-debt
#12
Diane U Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795890/pricing-for-a-basket-of-lcds-under-fuzzy-environments
#13
Liang Wu, Jie-Fang Liu, Jun-Tao Wang, Ya-Ming Zhuang
This paper looks at both the prepayment risks of housing mortgage loan credit default swaps (LCDS) as well as the fuzziness and hesitation of investors as regards prepayments by borrowers. It further discusses the first default pricing of a basket of LCDS in a fuzzy environment by using stochastic analysis and triangular intuition-based fuzzy set theory. Through the 'fuzzification' of the sensitivity coefficient in the prepayment intensity, this paper describes the dynamic features of mortgage housing values using the One-factor copula function and concludes with a formula for 'fuzzy' pricing the first default of a basket of LCDS...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793259/clinical-issues-november-2016
#14
Melissa Kovac
AORN guidelines in the National Guideline Clearinghouse Key words: National Guideline Clearinghouse, AORN guidelines. Role of medical librarians in developing AORN guidelines Key words: medical librarians, systematic reviews, Institute of Medicine, National Guideline Clearinghouse. Articles cited in AORN guidelines Key words: AORN guidelines, National Library of Medicine, PubMed, interlibrary loan.
November 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784230/targets-and-patented-drugs-for-chemotherapy-of-chagas-disease-in-the-last-15-years-period
#15
Vilma G Duschak
The American trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, is a parasitic infection typically spread by triatomine vectors affecting millions of people all over Latin America. Existing chemotherapy is centered on the nitroaromatic compounds benznidazole and nifurtimox that provide unsatisfactory results and substantial side effects. So, the finding and exploration of novel ways to challenge this neglected disease is a main priority. The biologic and biochemical progress in the scientific knowledge of Trypanosoma cruzi in the period comprising the last 15-years, has increased the identification of multiple targets for Chagas´ disease chemotherapy...
October 24, 2016: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770917/development-of-a-custom-biological-scaffold-for-investigating-ultrasound-mediated-intracellular-delivery
#16
Loan Bui, Adham Aleid, Ahmad Alassaf, Otto C Wilson, Christopher B Raub, Victor Frenkel
In vitro investigations of ultrasound mediated, intracellular drug and gene delivery (i.e. sonoporation) are typically carried out in cells cultured in standard plastic well plates. This creates conditions that poorly resemble in vivo conditions, as well as generating unwanted ultrasound phenomena that may confound the interpretation of results. Here, we present our results in the development of a biological scaffold for sonoporation studies. The scaffolds were comprised of cellulose fibers coated with chitosan and gelatin...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762986/watch-your-pension
#17
Steven Taylor
At the age of 56, I am glad I never entered into discussion or read any information about altering or tampering with my NHS pension scheme (news, 21 September, page 10 ). I feel the NHS is acting like a loan shark, encouraging people to stop contributing so they have more money in their pocket today, but this will be paid back four-fold in years to come through lost pension income.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756925/net-income-of-pharmacy-faculty-compared-to-community-and-hospital-pharmacists
#18
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733259/access-to-loan-related-insurance-for-french-cancer-survivors
#19
Agnès Dumas, Florent De Vathaire, Gilles Vassal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729892/lay-evaluation-of-financial-experts-the-action-advice-effect-and-confirmation-bias
#20
Tomasz Zaleskiewicz, Agata Gasiorowska, Katarzyna Stasiuk, Renata Maksymiuk, Yoram Bar-Tal
The goal of this experimental project was to investigate lay peoples' perceptions of epistemic authority (EA) in the field of finance. EA is defined as the extent to which a source of information is treated as evidence for judgments independently of its objective expertise and based on subjective beliefs. Previous research suggested that EA evaluations are biased and that lay people tend to ascribe higher EA to experts who advise action (in the case of medical experts) or confirm clients' expectations (in the case of politicians)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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