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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#1
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063730/transmission-of-salmonella-enteritidis-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-because-of-inadequate-endoscope-decontamination
#2
Paul Robertson, Andrew Smith, Margaret Anderson, Jackie Stewart, Kate Hamilton, Sandra McNamee, Evonne T Curran
We report a historic nosocomial outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis affecting 4 inpatients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The cause was attributed to inadequate decontamination of an on-loan endoscope used over a weekend. This report highlights the risks of using on-loan endoscopes, particularly regarding their commissioning and adherence to disinfection protocols. In an era of increasing antibiotic resistance, transmission of Enterobacteriaceae by endoscopes remains a significant concern...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051830/gambling-and-the-need-for-new-responses-in-public-health-with-an-addiction-sine-substantia
#3
M Crusco, F Massoni, E Luzi, P Ricci, M Pelosi, P Corbosiero, M Rapp-Ricciardi, S Ricci
BACKGROUND: The Gambling Disorder (GD) was recently defined as a behavioral addiction by the "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV"( DSM-V) since the clinical, neurobiological and psychopathological similarities led it to be defined it as an addiction "sine substantia". The aim of this study is to formulate an "identikit" of the gambler, to evaluate a possible association between GD / emotional specific factors and the correlation between GD / substance abuse, GD / suicide...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048615/tu-h-202-04-the-vampire-challenge-preliminary-results-from-a-multi-institutional-study-of-ct-ventilation-image-accuracy
#4
J Kipritidis
: CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048557/tu-h-202-00-ct-ventilation-imaging-the-new-clinical-reality-of-functional-avoidance-and-response-assessment-in-lung-cancer-radiation-therapy
#5
Paul Keall
: CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047895/tu-h-202-01-introduction-to-ct-ventilation-imaging-principles-validation-and-clinical-translation
#6
T Yamamoto
: CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047233/tu-h-202-02-applications-validation-clinical-endpoints-and-opportunities-for-ct-ventilation
#7
Y Vinogradskiy
: CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047066/we-ab-bra-11-improved-imaging-of-permanent-prostate-brachytherapy-seed-implants-by-combining-an-endorectal-x-ray-sensor-with-a-ct-scanner
#8
J Steiner, K Matthews, G Jia
PURPOSE: To test feasibility of the use of a digital endorectal x-ray sensor for improved image resolution of permanent brachytherapy seed implants compared to conventional CT. METHODS: Two phantoms simulating the male pelvic region were used to test the capabilities of a digital endorectal x-ray sensor for imaging permanent brachytherapy seed implants. Phantom 1 was constructed from acrylic plastic with cavities milled in the locations of the prostate and the rectum...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046563/tu-h-202-03-spatial-distributions-of-radiation-induced-pulmonary-changes-can-be-modeled-and-utilized-for-image-guided-planning-and-therapy-to-improve-pulmonary-function-preservation-and-hence-the-therapeutic-ratio-for-lung-cancer
#9
J Bayouth
: CT ventilation imaging is an exciting functional imaging modality that combines four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and deformable image registration (DIR) to provide exquisite ventilation maps of the lung. CT ventilation imaging can be used for: (1) Functional avoidance in thoracic radiation therapy, (2) Imaging longitudinal changes in regional lung function for treatment assessment and adaptation, (3) Image-assisted diagnosis of non-oncologic respiratory diseases. CT ventilation imaging uses CT, a predominantly anatomic imaging modality, and through imaging processing creates functional images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013265/decline-in-bone-mass-with-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-emtricitabine-is-associated-with-hormonal-changes-in-the-absence-of-renal-impairment-when-used-by-hiv-uninfected-adolescent-boys-and-young-men-for-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis
#10
Peter L Havens, Charles B Stephensen, Marta D Van Loan, Gertrud U Schuster, Leslie R Woodhouse, Patricia M Flynn, Catherine M Gordon, Cynthia G Pan, Brandy Rutledge, Nancy Liu, Craig M Wilson, Rohan Hazra, Sybil G Hosek, Peter L Anderson, Sharon M Seifert, Bill G Kapogiannis, Kathleen Mulligan
: SummaryTenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based preexposure prophylaxis in human immunodeficiency virus-seronegative males, aged 15 to 22 years, is safe for kidneys. Disruption of parathyroid hormone-fibroblast growth factor 23-vitamin D control of calcium-phosphate balance is primarily linked with TDF-associated bone decline at this age. BACKGROUND: We aimed to define the relative importance of renal and endocrine changes in tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-related bone toxicity...
November 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008210/identification-and-estimation-of-causal-mechanisms-in-clustered-encouragement-designs-disentangling-bed-nets-using-bayesian-principal-stratification
#11
Laura Forastiere, Fabrizia Mealli, Tyler J VanderWeele
Exploration of causal mechanisms is often important for researchers and policymakers to understand how an intervention works and how it can be improved. This task can be crucial in clustered encouragement designs (CED). Encouragement design studies arise frequently when the treatment cannot be enforced because of ethical or practical constrains and an encouragement intervention (information campaigns, incentives, etc) is conceived with the purpose of increasing the uptake of the treatment of interest. By design, encouragements always entail the complication of non-compliance...
2016: Journal of the American Statistical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982501/motor-associations-of-iron-accumulation-in-deep-grey-matter-nuclei-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-iron-related-magnetic-resonance-imaging-susceptibility
#12
A Martin-Bastida, N P Lao-Kaim, C Loane, M Politis, A A Roussakis, N Valle-Guzman, Z Kefalopoulou, G Paul-Visse, H Widner, Y Xing, S T Schwarz, D P Auer, T Foltynie, R A Barker, P Piccini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine whether iron deposition in deep brain nuclei assessed using high-pass filtered phase imaging plays a role in motor disease severity in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Seventy patients with mild to moderate PD and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers (HVs) underwent susceptibility-weighted imaging on a 3 T magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Phase shifts (radians) in deep brain nuclei were derived from high-pass filtered phase images and compared between groups...
December 16, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978706/atp-recycling-with-cell-lysate-for-enzyme-catalyzed-chemical-synthesis-protein-expression-and-pcr
#13
Apostolos Alissandratos, Karine Caron, Thomas D Loan, James E Hennessy, Christopher J Easton
E. coli lysate efficiently catalyzes acetyl phosphate-driven ATP regeneration in several important biotechnological applications. The utility of this ATP recycling strategy in enzyme-catalyzed chemical synthesis is illustrated through the conversion of uridine to UMP by the lysate from recombinant overexpression of uridine kinase with the E. coli. The UMP is further transformed into UTP through sequential phosphorylations by kinases naturally present in the lysate, in high yield. Cytidine and 5-fluorouridine also give the corresponding NMPs and NTPs with this system...
December 16, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977381/review-of-2016-a-year-of-challenges-and-triumphs-for-nurses
#14
Stephanie Jones-Berry
January [Figure: see text] Thousands of people marched on Downing Street in protest against Whitehall plans to scrap nursing students' bursaries and replace them with loans. Anger against the government continued as the Department of Health argued that annual pay rises for NHS nurses in England should be capped at 1%. Many nurses pledged support for their medical colleagues as junior doctors went on the first of several unprecedented strikes over pay and conditions.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977373/what-will-2017-hold-for-the-nursing-profession
#15
(no author information available yet)
Education and training Nurse education will see huge changes in 2017. Most radical is the controversial end to bursaries for nursing students in England. From September, funding will come through the tuition fees and student loans system instead, a government move that led to mass protests in 2016.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974610/recommending-teams-promotes-prosocial-lending-in-online-microfinance
#16
Wei Ai, Roy Chen, Yan Chen, Qiaozhu Mei, Webb Phillips
This paper reports the results of a large-scale field experiment designed to test the hypothesis that group membership can increase participation and prosocial lending for an online crowdlending community, Kiva. The experiment uses variations on a simple email manipulation to encourage Kiva members to join a lending team, testing which types of team recommendation emails are most likely to get members to join teams as well as the subsequent impact on lending. We find that emails do increase the likelihood that a lender joins a team, and that joining a team increases lending in a short window (1 wk) following our intervention...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941440/financial-burden-borne-by-laparoscopic-living-kidney-donors
#17
J Wiseman, C Jacobs, D Larson, D Berglund, C Garvey, H N Ibrahim, A J Matas
INTRODUCTION: Living kidney donors have donation-related, out-of-pocket costs (direct costs) and/or ongoing daily expenses while losing income (indirect costs) associated with donation. Yet there is little information about how much of a subjective burden these constitute for the donors. METHODS: From 12/2003-1/2015, we surveyed donors 6 months postdonation to determine financial burden related to donation (on a scale of 1-10) and what resources were used to cover expenses...
December 8, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933637/association-of-temporal-variations-in-staffing-with-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-in-military-hospitals
#18
Patricia A Patrician, Mary S McCarthy, Pauline Swiger, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Kelly H Randall, Lori A Loan
To more precisely evaluate the effects of nurse staffing on hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) development, data on nursing care hours per patient day (NCHPPD), nursing skill mix, patient turnover (i.e., admissions, transfers, and discharges), and patient acuity were merged with patient information from pressure injury prevalence surveys that were collected annually for the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD) project. The MilNOD included staffing and adverse events from 56 medical-surgical, stepdown, and critical care units in 13 military hospitals over a 4-year-period...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916592/new-developments-in-cardiac-regeneration
#19
REVIEW
Thi Yen Loan Le, Sujitha Thavapalachandran, Eddy Kizana, James Jh Chong
Numerous pharmacological and device therapies have improved adverse cardiac remodelling and mortality in heart failure. However, none are able to regenerate damaged cardiac tissue. Stem cell based therapies using multipotent (adult) stem cells and pluripotent stem cells are new approaches that could potentially achieve the elusive goal of true cardiac regeneration. Over the past two decades, various stem cell based approaches have been shown to improve left ventricular function in pre-clinical animal models...
November 19, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878638/evolution-of-ds-1-like-g1p-8-double-gene-reassortant-rotavirus-a-strains-causing-gastroenteritis-in-children-in-vietnam-in-2012-2013
#20
Toyoko Nakagomi, Minh Quang Nguyen, Punita Gauchan, Chantal Ama Agbemabiese, Miho Kaneko, Loan Phuong Do, Thiem Dinh Vu, Osamu Nakagomi
Rotavirus A (RVA) strains, a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children worldwide, commonly possess the Wa or DS-1 genotype constellations. During a hospital-based study conducted in Hanoi, Vietnam, in the 2012-2013 rotavirus season, G1P[8] strains with a virtually identical short RNA migration pattern were detected in 20 (14%) of 141 rotavirus-positive samples. Two representatives of these strains were shown by whole-genome sequencing to be double-gene reassortants possessing the genotype constellation of G1-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Virology
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