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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727693/a-cross-disciplinary-assessment-of-student-loans-debt-financial-support-for-study-and-career-preferences-upon-graduation
#1
Craig S Webster, Christopher Ling, Mark Barrow, Phillippa Poole, Marcus Henning
AIM: To explore relationships between student loans debt, financial support and career preferences upon graduation for all healthcare disciplines offered at the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland. METHODS: The Faculty Tracking Project is a longitudinal study which invites students to complete a questionnaire at the beginning and end of their educational programmes, including questions on debt, financial support and career preference. Our analysis comprised three phases: (1) a descriptive analysis of data related to debt and financial support; (2) a principal component analysis in order to find related categories of career choice; and (3) logistic regression models to determine how career preference categories could be explained by either levels of student loans debt or financial support...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726708/potential-of-integrated-vertical-and-horizontal-flow-constructed-wetland-with-native-plants-for-sewage-treatment-under-different-hydraulic-loading-rates
#2
Xuan Cuong Nguyen, Dinh Duc Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Loan, Soon Woong Chang
In this study, a pilot-scale integrated constructed wetland with vertical flow (VF) and horizontal flow (HF) in series was designed and investigated to evaluate sewage wastewater treatment capacity. The VF unit was planted with Canna indica and was 1.2 m long, 1.2 m wide, and 1.2 m high; whereas the HF unit contained Colocasia esculenta and was 3.0 m long, 1.0 m wide, and 1.0 m high. The system was operated under different hydraulic loading rates (HLRs) of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.15 m/d. The effluent concentrations differed as HLR changed, and the means were total suspended solids (TSS): 87 mg/L; biological oxygen demand (BOD5): 31 mg/L; chemical oxygen demand (CODCr): 59 mg/L; ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N): 5...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722516/pre-operative-obesity-does-not-predict-poorer-symptom-control-and-quality-of-life-after-lumbar-disc-surgery
#3
Paul M Brennan, James J M Loan, Neil Watson, Pragnesh M Bhatt, Peter Alwyn Bodkin
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether there was a difference in post-operative symptomatic control and quality of life (QoL) between patients who were obese (BMI >30) and non-obese (BMI <30) pre-operatively. This information may inform the decision making of Physicians and patients whether to proceed to surgery for management of symptomatic lumbar disc prolapse. METHODS: We conducted a prospective questionnaire-based study of QoL and symptom control in 120 patients with postal follow-up at 3 and 12 months after lumbar disc surgery...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720333/bioactivity-and-properties-of-a-dental-adhesive-functionalized-with-polyhedral-oligomeric-silsesquioxanes-poss-and-bioactive-glass
#4
Marta Rizk, Lisa Hohlfeld, Loan Tao Thanh, Ralf Biehl, Nicole Lühmann, Dirk Mohn, Annette Wiegand
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the effect of infiltrating a commercial adhesive with nanosized bioactive glass (BG-Bi) particles or methacryl-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) on material properties and bioactivity. METHODS: An acetone-based dental adhesive (Solobond Plus adhesive, VOCO GmbH, Cuxhaven, Germany) was infiltrated with nanosized bioactive glass particles (0.1 or 1wt%), or with monofunctional or multifunctional POSS particles (10 or 20wt%)...
July 15, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715479/retention-and-recruitment-of-general-dentists-in-an-adjunct-teaching-model-a-pilot-study
#5
Brian J Howe, Verasathpurush Allareddy, Christopher A Barwacz, I Reed Parker, Cheryl L Straub-Morarend, David C Holmes
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Retention and recruitment of part time clinical adjunct faculty members in dental education is becoming increasingly difficult as dental schools come to rely on this workforce for their increased involvement in clinical education. Contributing factors include full time faculty shortage, aging workforce, practice and student debt, practice and family commitments, and financial compensation. This study attempts to ascertain barriers to teaching so appropriate strategies can be formulated to address this issue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709453/validation-of-multisource-electronic-health-record-data-an-application-to-blood-transfusion-data
#6
Loan R van Hoeven, Martine C de Bruijne, Peter F Kemper, Maria M W Koopman, Jan M M Rondeel, Anja Leyte, Hendrik Koffijberg, Mart P Janssen, Kit C B Roes
BACKGROUND: Although data from electronic health records (EHR) are often used for research purposes, systematic validation of these data prior to their use is not standard practice. Existing validation frameworks discuss validity concepts without translating these into practical implementation steps or addressing the potential influence of linking multiple sources. Therefore we developed a practical approach for validating routinely collected data from multiple sources and to apply it to a blood transfusion data warehouse to evaluate the usability in practice...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700612/assessing-development-assistance-for-child-survival-between-2000-and-2014-a-multi-sectoral-perspective
#7
Chunling Lu, Annie Chu, Zhihui Li, Jian Shen, Subu Subramanian, Kenneth Hill
BACKGROUND: The majority of Countdown countries did not reach the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 4) on reducing child mortality, despite the fact that donor funding to the health sector has drastically increased. When tracking aid invested in child survival, previous studies have exclusively focused on aid targeting reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). We take a multi-sectoral approach and extend the estimation to the four sectors that determine child survival: health (RMNCH and non-RMNCH), education, water and sanitation, and food and humanitarian assistance (Food/HA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697782/exploring-intentions-of-physician-scientist-trainees-factors-influencing-md-and-md-phd-interest-in-research-careers
#8
Jennifer M Kwan, Dania Daye, Mary Lou Schmidt, Claudia Morrissey Conlon, Hajwa Kim, Bilwaj Gaonkar, Aimee S Payne, Megan Riddle, Sharline Madera, Alexander J Adami, Kate Quinn Winter
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have described the career paths of physician-scientist candidates after graduation, but the factors that influence career choices at the candidate stage remain unclear. Additionally, previous work has focused on MD/PhDs, despite many physician-scientists being MDs. This study sought to identify career sector intentions, important factors in career selection, and experienced and predicted obstacles to career success that influence the career choices of MD candidates, MD candidates with research-intense career intentions (MD-RI), and MD/PhD candidates...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676351/bidirectional-brain-gut-interactions-and-chronic-pathological-changes-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#9
Elise L Ma, Allen D Smith, Neemesh Desai, Lumei Cheung, Marie Hanscom, Bogdan A Stoica, David J Loane, Terez Shea-Donohue, Alan I Faden
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has complex effects on the gastrointestinal tract that are associated with TBI-related morbidity and mortality. We examined changes in mucosal barrier properties and enteric glial cell response in the gut after experimental TBI in mice, as well as effects of the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium (Cr) on both gut and brain after injury. METHODS: Moderate-level TBI was induced in C57BL/6 mice by controlled cortical impact (CCI)...
July 1, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642641/inequality-in-human-capital-and-endogenous-credit-constraints
#10
Rong Hai, James J Heckman
This paper investigates the determinants of inequality in human capital with an emphasis on the role of the credit constraints. We develop and estimate a model in which individuals face uninsured human capital risks and invest in education, acquire work experience, accumulate assets and smooth consumption. Agents can borrow from the private lending market and from government student loan programs. The private market credit limit is explicitly derived by extending the natural borrowing limit of Aiyagari (1994) to incorporate endogenous labor supply, human capital accumulation, psychic costs of working, and age...
April 2017: Review of Economic Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641123/the-practice-environment-scale-of-the-nursing-work-index-an-updated-review-and-recommendations-for-use
#11
REVIEW
Pauline A Swiger, Patricia A Patrician, Rebecca S Susie Miltner, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Lori A Loan
OBJECTIVES: The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) is an instrument, which measures the nursing practice environment - defined as factors that enhance or attenuate a nurse's ability to practice nursing skillfully and deliver high quality care. The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated review of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index's use to date and provide recommendations that may be helpful to nursing leaders and researchers who plan to use this instrument...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639259/the-cost-effectiveness-of-three-interventions-for-providing-preventive-services-to-low-income-children
#12
Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Paul M Griffin, Scott L Tomar
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of loan repayment programmes, revising Medicaid fee-for-service rates, and changing dental hygienist supervision requirements on access to preventive dental care for children in Georgia. METHODS: We estimated cost savings from the three interventions of preventive care for young children after netting out the intervention cost. We used a regression model to evaluate the impact of changing the Medicaid reimbursement rates. The impact of supervision was evaluated by comparing general and direct supervision in school-based dental sealant programmes...
June 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629345/prevalence-and-incidence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-vietnamese-preschool-children-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Loan Minh Do, Toan Khanh Tran, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold, Henry Ascher
BACKGROUND: A plateau in childhood overweight and obesity has been reported in some developed countries while in almost all developing countries this problem is on the rise. The aim of this paper is to describe the changes in prevalence of overweight and obesity within a cohort of preschool children followed for 3 years, and to estimate and compare the incidences in urban and rural children of Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A longitudinal study of a cohort of 2677 children aged 3 to 6 years old at the beginning of the study was conducted in urban DodaLab and rural FilaBavi, Hanoi, Vietnam...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628582/revolving-loan-fund-a-novel-approach-to-increasing-access-to-long-acting-reversible-contraception-methods-in-community-health-centers
#14
Megan L Evans, Janis L Breeze, Jessica K Paulus, Audra Meadows
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a revolving loan fund (RLF) on timing of device insertion and long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) access among a high-risk urban population at 3 Boston community health centers. DESIGN: Three health centers were identified to implement a RLF. Each clinic received $5000 from the RLF to purchase LARC devices. Data collected through medical record review retrospectively 1 year prior to start of the RLF and prospectively for 1 year thereafter included patient demographics, type of LARC selected, patient's date of documented interest in a LARC device, and date of insertion...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620782/role-of-key-genetic-mutations-on-increasing-migration-of-brain-cancer-cells-through-confinement
#15
Loan Bui, Sayem H Bhuiyan, Alissa Hendrick, Cheng-Jen Chuong, Young-Tae Kim
Uncontrolled invasive cancer cell migration is among the major challenges for the treatment and management of brain cancer. Although the genetic profiles of brain cancer cells have been well characterized, the relationship between the genetic mutations and the cells' mobility has not been clearly understood. In this study, using microfluidic devices that provide a wide range of physical confinements from 20 × 5 μm(2) to 3 × 5 μm(2) in cross sections, we studied the effect of physical confinement on the migratory capacity of cell lines with different types of mutations...
September 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617787/rising-levels-of-new-zealand-medical-student-debt
#16
Antonia Verstappen, Phillippa Poole
AIM: There is little recent data on the debt levels accrued by New Zealand medical graduates. We aimed to quantify the level of student loan debt accrued by medical graduates upon completion of their medical degree, and to investigate the association of New Zealand Government Student Loan (GSL) debt with gender and age. METHODS: At graduation each year from 2006-2015, students from one New Zealand medical programme were invited to complete a career intention survey that included information on levels of GSL debt and the number of income sources used...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608978/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-inflammatory-response-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Sonia Villapol, David J Loane, Mark P Burns
The activation of resident microglial cells, alongside the infiltration of peripheral macrophages, are key neuroinflammatory responses to traumatic brain injury (TBI) that are directly associated with neuronal death. Sexual disparities in response to TBI have been previously reported; however it is unclear whether a sex difference exists in neuroinflammatory progression after TBI. We exposed male and female mice to moderate-to-severe controlled cortical impact injury and studied glial cell activation in the acute and chronic stages of TBI using immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization analysis...
September 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604238/financing-national-non-communicable-disease-responses
#18
Luke Nelson Allen
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) (also known as socially transmitted diseases) were conspicuously absent from the Millennium Development Goals and seemed to miss out on the 'golden years' of health funding despite causing more death and disability than any other disease group worldwide. The share of 'development assistance for health' dedicated to NCDs has remained at 1-2% of the total since 2000. This level of funding is insufficient to attain the nine targets in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on NCDs...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600620/national-survey-on-use-of-time-lapse-imaging-systems-in-ivf-laboratories
#19
Andrey V Dolinko, L V Farland, D J Kaser, S A Missmer, C Racowsky
PURPOSE: Several time-lapse imaging (TLI) systems for non-invasive continuous monitoring of developing embryos are currently available. The present study explored the prevalence, means of acquisition, and clinical application of TLI systems in USA in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratories. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey of 294 USA IVF laboratory directors was conducted in February and March 2016. Those directing more than one laboratory were asked to complete the survey for their home program and for their smallest laboratory by number of IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle starts...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589002/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-livestock-productive-asset-transfer-programme-to-improve-economic-and-health-outcomes-and-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-postconflict-setting
#20
Nancy Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Anjalee Kohli, Jacquelyn Campbell, Mitima Mpanano Remy
BACKGROUND: Diverse economic empowerment programmes (eg, microcredit, village-led savings and loan, cash and productive asset transfers) for the poor have demonstrated mixed results as vehicles for improved economic stability, health and women's empowerment. However, limited rigorous evaluations exist on the impact of financial and non-financial outcomes of these programmes, especially in conflict-affected areas. METHODS: The team evaluated the effectiveness of an innovative livestock productive asset transfer intervention-Pigs for Peace (PFP)-on economic, health and women's empowerment outcomes with participants in households in 10 villages in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
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