keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

T-Cell apoptosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092370/api5-confers-cancer-stem-cell-like-properties-through-the-fgf2-nanog-axis
#1
K-H Song, H Cho, S Kim, H-J Lee, S J Oh, S R Woo, S-O Hong, H S Jang, K H Noh, C H Choi, J-Y Chung, S M Hewitt, J-H Kim, M Son, S-H Kim, B I Lee, H-C Park, Y-K Bae, T W Kim
Immune selection drives the evolution of tumor cells toward an immune-resistant and cancer stem cell (CSC)-like phenotype. We reported that apoptosis inhibitor-5 (API5) acts as an immune escape factor, which has a significant role in controlling immune resistance to antigen-specific T cells, but its functional association with CSC-like properties remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that API5 confers CSC-like properties, including NANOG expression, the frequency of CD44-positive cells and sphere-forming capacity...
January 16, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092075/boron-affects-immune-function-through-modulation-of-splenic-t-lymphocyte-subsets-cytokine-secretion-and-lymphocyte-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#2
Erhui Jin, Shenghe Li, Man Ren, Qianqian Hu, Youfang Gu, Kui Li
This study demonstrated the mechanisms of boron effects in a rat model and provided a scientific basis for the rational of boron use. These findings were achieved by investigating the effects of boron (10, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320, and 640 mg/L in drinking water or 1.5, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 96 mg/kg BW) on rat serum immunoglobulins (IgGs), splenic cytokines, lymphocyte subsets, as well as on lymphocyte proliferation and apoptosis. Addition of 20 (3) and 40 (6) mg/L (mg/kg BW) of boron to drinking water significantly increased rat serum IgG concentrations, splenic IFN-γ and IL-4 expression as well as the number of splenic CD3(+), CD4(+) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)(+) cells...
January 14, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090796/impact-of-c-rel-inhibition-of-cord-blood-derived-b-t-and-nk-cells
#3
Shirin Fallahi, Seyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Hamid Tayefi Nasrabadi, Alireza Alihemmati, Naser Samadi, Sanaz Gholami, Dariush Shanehbandi, Hojjatollah Nozad Charoudeh
The c-Rel transcription factor is a unique member of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB family that has a role in curtailing the proliferation, differentiation, cytokine production, and overall activity of B- and T-cells. In addition, c-Rel is a key regulator of apoptosis in that it influences the expression of anti-apoptotic genes such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL; conversely, inhibition of c-Rel increases cell apoptosis. To better understand the relationship between c-Rel expression and effects on B- and T-cell expansion, the current study evaluated c-Rel expression in cord blood mononuclear cells...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088644/tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-t-bhp-induced-apoptosis-and-necroptosis-in-endothelial-cells-roles-of-nox4-and-mitochondrion
#4
Wenwen Zhao, Haitao Feng, Wen Sun, Kang Liu, Jin-Jian Lu, Xiuping Chen
Oxidative stress causes endothelial death while underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Herein, the pro-death effect of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) was investigated with low concentration (50μM) of t-BHP (t-BHPL) and high concentration (500μM) of t-BHP (t-BHPH). Both t-BHPL and t-BHPH induced endothelial cell death was determined. T-BHPL induced caspase-dependent apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which was inhibited by N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). Furthermore, NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), NOX4 siRNA, and NOX4 inhibitor GKT137831 reduced t-BHPL-induced ROS generation while mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitors rotenone (Rot), 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTFA), and antimycin A (AA) failed to do so...
January 5, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088229/clinicopathologic-significance-of-trap1-expression-in-colorectal-cancer-a-large-scale-study-of-human-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-tissues
#5
Min Gyoung Pak, Hyong Jong Koh, Mee Sook Roh
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the major cause of cancer mortality, despite development of therapeutic strategies. The novel marker tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) is a mitochondrial heat shock protein that has been related to drug resistance and protection from apoptosis in colorectal cancer. This study aims to delineate the clinicopathologic significance of TRAP1 expression in colorectal cancer. METHODS: Seven-hundred and fourteen FFPE tissues were collected from colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgery from February 2002 to July 2011 at Dong-A University Medical Center, Busan, South Korea...
January 14, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081176/radiation-induced-apoptosis-of-murine-bone-marrow-cells-is-independent-of-early-growth-response-1-egr1
#6
Karine Z Oben, Beth W Gachuki, Sara S Alhakeem, Mary K McKenna, Ying Liang, Daret K St Clair, Vivek M Rangnekar, Subbarao Bondada
An understanding of how each individual 5q chromosome critical deleted region (CDR) gene contributes to malignant transformation would foster the development of much needed targeted therapies for the treatment of therapy related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs). Early Growth Response 1 (EGR1) is a key transcriptional regulator of myeloid differentiation located within the 5q chromosome CDR that has been shown to regulate HSC (hematopoietic stem cell) quiescence as well as the master regulator of apoptosis-p53. Since resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of malignant transformation, we investigated the role of EGR1 in apoptosis of bone marrow cells; a cell population from which myeloid malignancies arise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079888/antiphospholipid-antibodies-enhance-rat-neonatal-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-in-an-in-vitro-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-model-via-p38-mapk
#7
Lauren T Bourke, Thomas McDonnell, James McCormick, Charis Pericleous, Vera M Ripoll, Ian Giles, Anisur Rahman, Anastasis Stephanou, Yiannis Ioannou
A significant amount of myocardial damage during a myocardial infarction (MI) occurs during the reperfusion stage, termed ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and accounts for up to 50% of total infarcted tissue post-MI. During the reperfusion phase, a complex interplay of multiple pathways and mechanisms is activated, which ultimately leads to cell death, primarily through apoptosis. There is some evidence from a lupus mouse model that lupus IgG, specifically the antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody subset, is pathogenic in mesenteric I/R injury...
January 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078580/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-apoptosis-function-in-human-activated-t-cells
#8
Aude Magerus-Chatinet, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat
The apoptosis function can be monitored on human lymphocytes by quantifying the induced-death upon apoptotic stimuli involving either the extrinsic or the intrinsic pathway on in vitro activated T cells. Her, we describe an in vitro assay allowing the monitoring of three different apoptosis pathways: (1) the FAS-induced pathway, (2) the activation-induced cell death (AICD), and (3) the death induced by starvation of the cells, called activated-cell autonomous death (ACAD).
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078578/cd95-stimulation-with-cd95l-and-disc-analysis
#9
Matthieu Le Gallo, Patrick Legembre
CD95 and its ligand CD95L play a major role in immune surveillance and homeostasis. CD95L is expressed by activated T lymphocytes and NK cells to induce apoptosis in cancer and virus-infected cells. The goal of this chapter is to describe a method used to immunoprecipitate CD95 and analyze its associated protein complex in cells stimulated with a cytotoxic CD95L (i.e., Ig-CD95L).
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077657/lmp1-and-lmp2a-collaborate-to-promote-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-induced-b-cell-lymphomas-in-a-cord-blood-humanized-mouse-model-but-are-not-essential
#10
Shi-Dong Ma, Ming-Han Tsai, James C Romero-Masters, Erik A Ranheim, Shane M Huebner, Jillian Bristol, Henri-Jacques Delecluse, Shannon C Kenney
: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with B cell lymphomas in humans. The ability of EBV to convert human B cells into long-lived lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) in vitro requires the collaborative effects of EBNA2 (which hijacks notch signaling), LMP1 (which mimics CD40 signaling), and EBNA 3A/3C (which inhibit oncogene-induced senescence and apoptosis). However, we recently showed that an LMP1-deleted EBV mutant induces B cell lymphomas in a newly developed cord blood-humanized mouse model that allows EBV-infected B cells to interact with CD4 T cells (the major source of CD40 ligand)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077118/malat1-promoted-invasiveness-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#11
Na Keum Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Cristina Ivan, Hui Ling, Xinna Zhang, Chan Hyuk Park, George A Calin, Sang Kil Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer globally, and the mechanism of its pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Recently, non-coding RNAs have been recognized to promote metastasis in various cancers, including gastric cancer. METHODS: We found that metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT1) is upregulated in gastric cancer tissue compared to adjacent normal tissue, as determined by microarray and subsequent qRT-PCR, then investigated the impact of MALAT1 on apoptosis, cell proliferation, and the cell cycle to dissect the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, and examined mechanisms of invasion and metastasis...
January 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076456/propofol-inhibits-lung-cancer-cell-viability-and-induces-cell-apoptosis-by-upregulating-microrna-486-expression
#12
N Yang, Y Liang, P Yang, T Yang, L Jiang
Propofol is a frequently used intravenous anesthetic agent. Recent studies show that propofol exerts a number of non-anesthetic effects. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of propofol on lung cancer cell lines H1299 and H1792 and functional role of microRNA (miR)-486 in these effects. H1299 and/or H1792 cells were treated with or without propofol and transfected or not with miR-486 inhibitor, and then cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075411/tamaractam-a-new-bioactive-lactam-from-tamarix-ramosissima-induces-apoptosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes
#13
Yao Yao, Cheng-Shuai Jiang, Na Sun, Wei-Qi Li, Yang Niu, Huai-Qin Han, Zhen-Hua Miao, Xun-Xia Zhao, Jing Zhao, Juan Li
Chemical investigation of Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb, a traditional herbal medicine used for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment in northwest China, led to the discovery of a new phenolic aromatic rings substituted lactam, tamaractam (1), together with the previously reported compounds cis-N-feruloyl-3-O-methyldopamine (2) and trans-N-feruloyl-3-O-methyldopamine (3). The structures of the compounds were determined by high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESIMS) and 1D and 2D-NMR experiments, as well as comparison with the literature data...
January 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075055/argonaute-2-immunoprecipitation-revealed-lats1-as-a-novel-pro-apoptotic-target-of-mir-21-in-t-cells
#14
Nato Teteloshvili, Katarzyna Smigielska-Czepiel, Ye Yuan, Annika Seitz, Debora de Jong, Bea Rutgers, Pytrick Jellema, Roelof Jan van der Lei, Izabella Slezak-Prochazka, Elisabeth Brouwer, Annemieke M H Boots, Bart-Jan Kroesen, Anke van den Berg, Joost Kluiver
MicroRNA (miR)-21 is an important suppressor of T-cell apoptosis that is also overexpressed in many types of cancers. The exact mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effects of miR-21 are not well understood. In this study, we used the Jurkat T-cell line as a model to identify apoptosis-associated miR-21 target genes. We showed that expression of miR-21 rapidly increases upon αCD3/αCD28 activation of Jurkat cells. Inhibition of miR-21 reduced cell growth which could be explained by an increase in apoptosis...
January 11, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073393/study-on-the-mitochondrial-apoptosis-pathways-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-h446-cells-induced-by-trichinella-spiralis-muscle-larvae-esps
#15
Jingmei Luo, L I Yu, Guangcheng Xie, Dan Li, Meng Su, Xuerong Zhao, Luanying DU
Trichinella spiralis (T.spiralis) muscle-larva (ML) excretory-secretory proteins (ESPs) contain antitumour-active substances. ESPs have been shown to inhibit tumour growth. To explore the effects of these proteins on small cell lung cancer cells and the possible mechanisms of their antineoplastic action, H446 SCLC cells were co-cultured with different concentrations of T. spiralis ML ESPs for 12, 24 and 48 h. Our results showed that T. spiralis ML ESPs significantly inhibited H446 cell proliferation, which was dose-and time-dependent...
January 11, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069547/overexpression-of-mir-92a-promotes-the-tumor-growth-of-osteosarcoma-by-suppressing-f-box-and-wd-repeat-containing-protein-7
#16
Xuesheng Jiang, Xiongfeng Li, Fengfeng Wu, Hongliang Gao, Guorong Wang, Hua Zheng, Huajun Wang, Jianyou Li, Chao Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be critical players in osteosarcoma (OS). Among numerous cancer-related miRNAs, the expression level of miR-92a and its potential role in OS has not been investigated. Here, We showed that overexpression of miR-92a was identified in OS specimens and cells compared to normal bone tissues. The high level of miR-92a was correlated with high T classification and advanced clinical stages of OS patients. Notably, miR-92a highly expressing OS patients showed a notably reduced survival rate...
January 6, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068602/synthesis-of-2-3-6-7-tetramethoxyphenanthren-9-amine-an-efficient-precursor-to-access-new-4-aza-2-3-dihydropyridophenanthrenes-as-apoptosis-inducing-agents
#17
Niggula Praveen Kumar, Pankaj Sharma, T Srinivasa Reddy, Shalini Nekkanti, Nagula Shankaraiah, Guntuku Lalita, S Sujanakumari, Suresh K Bhargava, V G M Naidu, Ahmed Kamal
A new route for the synthesis of novel 2,3,6,7-tetramethoxy phenanthrene amine precursor has been successfully accomplished. Subsequently, this amine precursor has been directly utilized for the synthesis of a new series of 4-aza-2,3-dihydropyridophenanthrene derivatives via a three component reaction with tetronic acid and substituted aldehydes. These compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic potential against human lung (A549), prostate (PC-3 and DU145), breast (MDA-MB-231 and 4T1), gastric (HGC-27), colon (Caco-2) and cervical (HeLa) cancer cell lines...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068434/annexin-s100a-protein-family-regulation-through-p14arf-p53-activation-a-role-in-cell-survival-and-predicting-treatment-outcomes-in-breast-cancer
#18
Diana Hatoum, Daniel Yagoub, Alireza Ahadi, Najah T Nassif, Eileen M McGowan
The annexin family and S100A associated proteins are important regulators of diverse calcium-dependent cellular processes including cell division, growth regulation and apoptosis. Dysfunction of individual annexin and S100A proteins is associated with cancer progression, metastasis and cancer drug resistance. This manuscript describes the novel finding of differential regulation of the annexin and S100A family of proteins by activation of p53 in breast cancer cells. Additionally, the observed differential regulation is found to be beneficial to the survival of breast cancer cells and to influence treatment efficacy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066899/a-role-for-the-histone-h2a-deubiquitinase-mysm1-in-maintenance-of-cd8-t-cells
#19
Michael Förster, Rupinder K Boora, Jessica C Petrov, Nassima Fodil, Isabella Albanese, Jamie Kim, Philippe Gros, Anastasia Nijnik
Several previous studies outlined the importance of the histone H2A deubiquitinase (H2A-DUB) MYSM1 in the regulation of stem cell quiescence and hematopoiesis. In this study we investigated the role of MYSM1 in T cell development. Using mouse models that allow conditional Mysm1 ablation at late stages of thymic development, we found that MYSM1 is intricately involved in the maintenance, activation, and survival of CD8+ T cells. Mysm1 ablation resulted in a 2-fold reduction in CD8+ T cell numbers, and also led to a hyperactivated CD8+ T cell state accompanied by impaired proliferation and increased proinflammatory cytokine production after ex vivo stimulation...
January 9, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065883/down-regulation-of-proangiogenic-microrna-126-and-microrna-132-are-early-modulators-of-diabetic-cardiac-microangiopathy
#20
Shruti Rawal, Pujika Emani Munasinghe, Amol Shindikar, Jono Paulin, Vicky Cameron, Patrick Manning, Michael J A Williams, Gregory T Jones, Richard Bunton, Ivor Galvin, Rajesh Katare
AIM: Microangiopathy due to endothelial dysfunction is a major contributing factor to the development of diabetes-induced cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dysregulation of endothelial-specific microRNAs (miRs) is correlated with impaired angiogenesis and cell survival. We investigated the profile of two angiomiRs, miR-126, and miR-132, in the plasma of type 2 diabetic individuals without any known history of CVD as well as in the cardiac tissues collected from diabetics undergoing cardiac surgery...
January 2017: Cardiovascular Research
keyword
keyword
73161
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"