keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biomarkers in Psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665225/objective-and-quantitative-equilibriometric-evaluation-of-individual-locomotor-behaviour-in-schizophrenia-translational-and-clinical-implications
#1
Svetlozar Haralanov, Evelina Haralanova, Emil Milushev, Diana Shkodrova, Claus-Frenz Claussen
Psychiatry is the only medical specialty that lacks clinically applicable biomarkers for objective evaluation of the existing pathology at a single-patient level. On the basis of an original translational equilibriometric method for evaluation of movement patterns, we have introduced in the everyday clinical practice of psychiatry an easy-to-perform computerized objective quantification of the individual locomotor behaviour during execution of the Unterberger stepping test. For the last 20 years, we have gradually collected a large database of more than 1000 schizophrenic patients, their relatives, and matched psychiatric, neurological, and healthy controls via cross-sectional and longitudinal investigations...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626337/network-neuroscience-a-framework-for-developing-biomarkers-in-psychiatry
#2
David M Lydon-Staley, Danielle S Bassett
Psychiatric disorders are disturbances of cognitive and behavioral processes mediated by the brain. Emerging evidence suggests that accurate biomarkers for psychiatric disorders might benefit from incorporating information regarding multiple brain regions and their interactions with one another, rather than considering local perturbations in brain structure and function alone. Recent advances in the field of applied mathematics generally - and network science specifically - provide a language to capture the complexity of interacting brain regions, and the application of this language to fundamental questions in neuroscience forms the emerging field of network neuroscience...
April 7, 2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621902/all-for-one-and-one-for-all-mental-disorders-in-one-dimension
#3
Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt
In both child and adult psychiatry, empirical evidence has now accrued to suggest that a single dimension is able to measure a person's liability to mental disorder, comorbidity among disorders, persistence of disorders over time, and severity of symptoms. This single dimension of general psychopathology has been termed "p," because it conceptually parallels a dimension already familiar to behavioral scientists and clinicians: the "g" factor of general intelligence. As the g dimension reflects low to high mental ability, the p dimension represents low to high psychopathology severity, with thought disorder at the extreme...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614851/the-make-biomarker-discovery-for-enhancing-antidepressant-treatment-effect-and-response-study-design-and-methodology
#4
Hee-Ju Kang, Ju-Wan Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Myung-Geun Shin, Jae-Min Kim
Objective: Depression is associated with a major disease burden, and many individuals suffer from depressive symptoms due to an insufficient response to ostensibly adequate antidepressant treatment. Therefore, it is important to identify reliable treatment response predictors for use in developing personalized treatment strategies. Methods: The MAKE Biomarker discovery for Enhancing anTidepressant Treatment Effect and Response (MAKE BETTER) study was performed to identify predictors of antidepressant response using a 2-year naturalistic prospective design...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611101/the-compensatory-immune-regulatory-reflex-system-cirs-in-depression-and-bipolar-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Michael Maes, Andre F Carvalho
Here, we review a novel concept namely the compensatory immune-regulatory reflex system (CIRS) as applied to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). There is evidence that a substantial subset of individuals with MDD and BD exhibit an activation of the immune-inflammatory response system (IRS), as indicated by an increased production of macrophagic M1 and T helper (Th)-1 pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 trans-signaling, positive acute phase proteins (APPs), and complement factors...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599484/prophylactic-ketamine-alters-nucleotide-and-neurotransmitter-metabolism-in-brain-and-plasma-following-stress
#6
Josephine C McGowan, Collin Hill, Alessia Mastrodonato, Christina T LaGamma, Alexander Kitayev, Rebecca A Brachman, Niven R Narain, Michael A Kiebish, Christine A Denny
Recently, we have shown that ketamine given prior to stress exposure protects against the development of depressive-like behavior in mice. These data suggest that it may be possible to prevent the induction of affective disorders before they develop by administering prophylactic pharmaceuticals, a relatively nascent and unexplored strategy for psychiatry. Here, we performed metabolomics analysis of brain and plasma following prophylactic ketamine treatment in order to identify markers of stress resilience enhancement...
March 29, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578481/deficits-in-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-on-brain-spect-predict-treatment-resistant-depression
#7
Daniel G Amen, Derek V Taylor, Somayeh Meysami, Cyrus A Raji
BACKGROUND: Depression remains an important risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, yet few neuroimaging biomarkers are available to identify treatment response in depression. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare functional perfusion neuroimaging in persons with treatment resistant depression (TRD) compared to those experiencing full remission. METHODS: A total of 951 subjects from a community psychiatry cohort were scanned with perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the brain in both resting and task related settings...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506608/long-acting-formulations-for-the-treatment-of-latent-tuberculous-infection-opportunities-and-challenges
#8
S Swindells, M Siccardi, S E Barrett, D B Olsen, J A Grobler, A T Podany, E Nuermberger, P Kim, C E Barry, A Owen, D Hazuda, C Flexner
Long-acting/extended-release drug formulations have proved very successful in diverse areas of medicine, including contraception, psychiatry and, most recently, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Though challenging, application of this technology to anti-tuberculosis treatment could have substantial impact. The duration of treatment required for all forms of tuberculosis (TB) put existing regimens at risk of failure because of early discontinuations and treatment loss to follow-up. Long-acting injections, for example, administered every month, could improve patient adherence and treatment outcomes...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490691/improving-the-identification-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-in-the-context-of-an-alzheimer-s-type-dementia
#9
Alan J Thomas, Fariba Mahin-Babaei, Mohammad Saidi, Debbie Lett, John Paul Taylor, Lauren Walker, Johannes Attems
BACKGROUND: Dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are the two most common neurodegenerative causes of dementia. They commonly occur together, especially in older people, but clinical identification of these diseases in dementia is difficult in such circumstances. We therefore conducted a study using cases with both comprehensive prospective clinical assessments and complete neuropathological examination to determine if it is possible to identify such mixed cases clinically and to determine features which may identify DLB in the presence of AD dementia...
March 1, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474866/targeted-proteomic-analysis-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-remitted-major-depressive-disorder-opportunities-of-multi-omics-approaches-towards-predictive-preventive-and-personalized-psychiatry
#10
K Oliver Schubert, David Stacey, Georgia Arentz, Scott R Clark, Tracy Air, Peter Hoffmann, Bernhard T Baune
In order to accelerate the understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical biomarker discovery and in psychiatry, approaches that integrate multiple -omics platforms are needed. We introduce a workflow that investigates a narrowly defined psychiatric phenotype, makes use of the potent and cost-effective discovery technology of gene expression microarrays, applies Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) to better capture complex and polygenic traits, and finally explores gene expression findings on the proteomic level using targeted mass-spectrometry (MS) technologies...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462456/n-acetylcysteine-in-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-toward-biomarker-guided-treatment-in-early-psychosis
#11
Philippe Conus, Larry J Seidman, Margot Fournier, Lijing Xin, Martine Cleusix, Philipp S Baumann, Carina Ferrari, Ann Cousins, Luis Alameda, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Philippe Golay, Raoul Jenni, T-U Wilson Woo, Matcheri S Keshavan, Chin B Eap, Joanne Wojcik, Michel Cuenod, Thierry Buclin, Rolf Gruetter, Kim Q Do
Biomarker-guided treatments are needed in psychiatry, and previous data suggest oxidative stress may be a target in schizophrenia. A previous add-on trial with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) led to negative symptom reductions in chronic patients. We aim to study NAC's impact on symptoms and neurocognition in early psychosis (EP) and to explore whether glutathione (GSH)/redox markers could represent valid biomarkers to guide treatment. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 63 EP patients, we assessed the effect of NAC supplementation (2700 mg/day, 6 months) on PANSS, neurocognition, and redox markers (brain GSH [GSHmPFC], blood cells GSH levels [GSHBC], GSH peroxidase activity [GPxBC])...
February 15, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374800/blood-based-biomarkers-predicting-response-to-antidepressants
#12
REVIEW
Yasmin Busch, Andreas Menke
Major depressive disorder is a common, serious and in some cases, life-threatening condition and affects approximately 350 million people globally. Although there is effective treatment available for it, more than 50% of the patients fail to respond to the first antidepressant they receive. The selection of a distinct treatment is still exclusively based on clinical judgment without incorporating lab-derived objective measures. However, there is growing evidence of biomarkers that it helps to improve diagnostic processes and treatment algorithms...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371263/tulsa-1000-a-naturalistic-study-protocol-for-multilevel-assessment-and-outcome-prediction-in-a-large-psychiatric-sample
#13
Teresa A Victor, Sahib S Khalsa, W Kyle Simmons, Justin S Feinstein, Jonathan Savitz, Robin L Aupperle, Hung-Wen Yeh, Jerzy Bodurka, Martin P Paulus
INTRODUCTION: Although neuroscience has made tremendous progress towards understanding the basic neural circuitry underlying important processes such as attention, memory and emotion, little progress has been made in applying these insights to psychiatric populations to make clinically meaningful treatment predictions. The overall aim of the Tulsa 1000 (T-1000) study is to use the NIMH Research Domain Criteria framework in order to establish a robust and reliable dimensional set of variables that quantifies the positive and negative valence, cognition and arousal domains, including interoception, to generate clinically useful treatment predictions...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363463/the-psychoexposome-a-holistic-perspective-beyond-health-and-disease
#14
María-Teresa Colomina, Fernando Sánchez-Santed, Nélida M Conejo, Paloma Collado, Alicia Salvador, Milagros Gallo, Helena Pinos, Cosme Salas, José F Navarro, Ana Adán, Arantza Azpiroz, Jorge L Arias
BACKGROUND: The concept of the exposome has emerged as a new strategy for studying all environmental exposures throughout an individual’s life and their impact on human health. Nowadays, electronic devices are available to collect data about an individual’s geolocation, biological function, or exposure biomarkers. The appearance of “omic” sciences and advances in bioinformatics have allowed massive data-gathering and analysis from various scientific fields...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311665/hippocampal-dysfunction-in-the-pathophysiology-of-schizophrenia-a-selective-review-and-hypothesis-for-early-detection-and-intervention
#15
J A Lieberman, R R Girgis, G Brucato, H Moore, F Provenzano, L Kegeles, D Javitt, J Kantrowitz, M M Wall, C M Corcoran, S A Schobel, S A Small
Scientists have long sought to characterize the pathophysiologic basis of schizophrenia and develop biomarkers that could identify the illness. Extensive postmortem and in vivo neuroimaging research has described the early involvement of the hippocampus in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In this context, we have developed a hypothesis that describes the evolution of schizophrenia-from the premorbid through the prodromal stages to syndromal psychosis-and posits dysregulation of glutamate neurotransmission beginning in the CA1 region of the hippocampus as inducing attenuated psychotic symptoms and initiating the transition to syndromal psychosis...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310970/lithium-stress-and-resilience-in-bipolar-disorder-deciphering-this-key-homeostatic-synaptic-plasticity-regulator
#16
REVIEW
Rodrigo Machado-Vieira
BACKGROUND: Lithium is the lightest metal and the only mood stabilizer that has been used for over half a century for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD). As a small ion, lithium is omnipresent, and consequently, its molecular mechanisms and targets are widespread. Currently, lithium is a crucial pharmacotherapy for the treatment of acute mood episodes, prophylactic therapy, and suicide prevention in BD. Besides, lithium blood level is the most widely used biomarker in clinical psychiatry...
June 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306698/gender-differences-in-c-reactive-protein-and-homocysteine-modulation-of-cognitive-performance-and-real-world-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#17
M Sanchez-Autet, B Arranz, G Safont, P Sierra, A Garcia-Blanco, L de la Fuente, M Garriga, M P García-Portilla
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and psychosocial impairment has been associated with increased levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine in bipolar disorder, but gender differences have seldom been studied. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-four bipolar outpatients were included. Cognitive performance was assessed through the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry (SCIP). Psychosocial functioning was evaluated using the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) and the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258528/social-inequality-scientific-inequality-and-the-future-of-mental-illness
#18
REVIEW
Charles E Dean
BACKGROUND: Despite five decades of increasingly elegant studies aimed at advancing the pathophysiology and treatment of mental illness, the results have not met expectations. Diagnoses are still based on observation, the clinical history, and an outmoded diagnostic system that stresses the historic goal of disease specificity. Psychotropic drugs are still based on molecular targets developed decades ago, with no increase in efficacy. Numerous biomarkers have been proposed, but none have the requisite degree of sensitivity and specificity, and therefore have no usefulness in the clinic...
December 19, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218677/40-hz-auditory-steady-state-response-the-impact-of-handedness-and-gender
#19
Sigita Melynyte, Evaldas Pipinis, Vaida Genyte, Aleksandras Voicikas, Tonia Rihs, Inga Griskova-Bulanova
The 40 Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is a periodic response to a periodic stimulation. Its sources are located in the primary auditory cortex and the asymmetry of the planum temporale has previously been associated with hand preference and gender-related differences; thus subject's handedness and gender could potentially influence ASSRs. Nevertheless, electrophysiological studies of ASSRs are mainly dominated by right-handed participants and the observed findings can only be generalized to the right-handed populations...
December 7, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203852/the-dynamics-of-stress-a-longitudinal-mri-study-of-rat-brain-structure-and-connectome
#20
R Magalhães, D A Barrière, A Novais, F Marques, P Marques, J Cerqueira, J C Sousa, A Cachia, F Boumezbeur, M Bottlaender, T M Jay, S Mériaux, N Sousa
Stress is a well-established trigger for a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, as it alters both structure and function of several brain regions and its networks. Herein, we conduct a longitudinal neuroimaging study to assess how a chronic unpredictable stress protocol impacts the structure of the rat brain and its functional connectome in both high and low responders to stress. Our results reveal the changes that stress triggers in the brain, with structural atrophy affecting key regions such as the prelimbic, cingulate, insular and retrosplenial, somatosensory, motor, auditory and perirhinal/entorhinal cortices, the hippocampus, the dorsomedial striatum, nucleus accumbens, the septum, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the thalamus and several brain stem nuclei...
December 5, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
7315
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"