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Simon S Rabinowitz, Neha Ahuja, Jennifer Gottfried
An 11-year-old Caucasian boy, with a microdeletion in the 1q21.1-q21.2 region, had multiple medical conditions including gastroparesis documented initially at the age of 5. The patient had a history of poor feeding since infancy and had been treated for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), constipation and multiple food allergies. As a consequence of the GERD and his concurrent immunoglobulin (IgG) subclass deficiency, the patient had multiple otolaryngologic (ENT) infections and required two sinus surgeries...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
James B Leonard, Kashif M Munir, Hong K Kim
Metoclopramide (MCP) is a commonly used anti-emetic in the emergency department (ED). Its use is generally well tolerated; although infrequent adverse reactions such as extrapyramidal reactions or tardive dyskinesia are reported. However, many ED providers are not familiar with the potentially life-threatening hypertensive emergency that can be precipitated by MCP administration in patients with pheochromocytoma. A previously healthy 36-year-old woman presented to the ED with headache and nausea. She developed acute hypertensive emergency (acute agitation, worsening headache, chest pain and wide complex tachycardia) when her blood pressure (BP) increased to 223/102mmHg (initial BP, 134/86mmHg) after receiving intravenous MCP...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
S K Zhang, W B Gao, Y Liu, H He
Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of cervical Jiaji electroacupuncture on postoperative intractable hiccup of liver neoplasms. Methods: A total of 39 patients with postoperative intractable hiccup of liver neoplasms in The First Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine from May 2013 to May 2017 were collected and divided into 2 groups randomly. The electroacupuncture group included 20 cases, the control group included 19 cases. Patients in the electroacupuncture group were treated by cervical Jiaji electroacupuncture (located in C3-5, sympathetic ganglion), while the control group were treated by metoclopramide combined with chlorpromazine for three days...
February 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Aynur Sahin, Mustafa Cicek, Ozgen Gonenc Cekic, Mucahit Gunaydin, Demet Saglam Aykut, Ozgur Tatli, Yunus Karaca, Mualla Aylin Arici
Objective: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a neurological emergency rarely encountered in clinical practice but with a high mortality rate. Cases associated with atypical antipsychotic use or termination of dopamine agonists have been seen in recent years. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of risk factors for mortality by investigating all clinical and laboratory characteristics of cases with NMS. Material and methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study retrospectively investigated all clinical and laboratory characteristics by scanning the ICD-10 codes of patients presenting to the XXXX Faculty of Medicine Emergency Department and diagnosed with NMS between 2006 and 2016...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ha-Lim Jeon, Juhee Park, Euna Han, Dong-Sook Kim
Objective: To investigate the association between potentially inappropriate medicine (PIM) use, defined using the American Geriatric Society (AGS) 2012 Beers criteria, and the risk of hospitalization or emergency department (ED) visits in elderly patients, and to examine the most frequently used PIMs among patients with adverse outcomes. Design/Setting: This was a retrospective study using National Health Insurance claims data from 2010 to 2012. Intervention(s): Elderly patients who took PIMs are compared to those who were not taking PIMs...
February 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Laura M Scorr, Stewart A Factor
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an often disabling hyperkinetic movement disorder caused by exposure to dopamine receptor blocking agents. Although initially thought to most commonly occur with typical antipsychotics, the incidence is likely similar with atypical antipsychotics and antiemetics such as metoclopramide. Increased prescribing of these agents as well as low rates of remission have contributed to a rising prevalence of TD. Although this condition was described nearly 60 years ago, it is only within the past year that two novel therapeutic agents were FDA approved...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Larissa Schenkel, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Irene Hösli, Ursula von Mandach
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the safety for drugs in pregnancy and lactation, data on the clinical practice must be collected and validated. METHODS: Data on the medications routinely used were requested from the university hospitals for obstetrics and the non-university perinatal centres in Switzerland and recommendations and guidelines of scientific societies for the various fields of application were sought. RESULTS: Part I: For during pregnancy and the peripartal period respectively, 69 and 21 different active constituents of medications were identified from at least 4 centres...
February 8, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Federica A Brioschi, Daniela Gioeni, Andrea Jacchetti, Alessandra M Carotenuto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether subcutaneous (SC) metoclopramide (0.2 mg kg-1) administered 30 minutes prior to (T30) or simultaneously with (T0) intramuscular (IM) morphine (0.2 mg kg-1) and dexmedetomidine (0.003 mg kg-1) reduces the incidence of nausea and emesis in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized and blinded study. ANIMALS: A total of 45 dogs scheduled for elective procedures. METHODS: Dogs were assigned randomly to three groups to be administered SC metoclopramide (0...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Stefanie R Keller, Zsolt Abonyi-Tóth, Norbert Sprenger, Sean C Austin, Brigitta A C Wichert, Annette Liesegang, Christine H Y Oei, Orsolya Balogh, Iris M Reichler
OBJECTIVE To investigate effects of metoclopramide orally administered to healthy bitches on serum prolactin and milk lactose concentrations, gross energy, and dry matter content and on puppy weight gain during early lactation. ANIMALS 20 client-owned bitches and their 121 puppies. PROCEDURES 10 bitches received metoclopramide (0.2 mg/kg, PO, q 6 h for 6 days; treatment group) starting 10 to 24 hours after birth of the last puppy of the litter (day 0), and 10 bitches served as the control group. Blood and milk samples from all bitches were collected on days 0, 1, 2, 4, and 6...
February 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Julio Quezada, Keith A Coffman
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown etiology characterized by spontaneous, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. Once thought to be rare, TS affects 0.3-1% of the population. Tics can cause physical discomfort, emotional distress, social difficulties, and can interfere with education and desired activities. The pharmacologic treatment of TS is particularly challenging, as currently the genetics, neurophysiology, and neuropathology of this disorder are still largely unknown...
January 15, 2018: CNS Drugs
Cheng-Cheng Zhang, Ya-Ping Lin, Yan Peng, Zeng-Hui Yue, Hai-Jiao Chen, Jian-Wen Yang, Wei-Wei Liu, Li Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on gastrointestinal motility and the ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and the expressions of c-kit receptor protein and stem cell factor (SCF) mRNA in diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) rats, so as to explore its mechanism. METHODS: Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model, acupoint, non-acupoint and metoclopramide groups (n=10 rats/group). DGP model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 2%), and raised with high-sugar high-fat diet irregularly...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Kristian Svendsen, Mollie Wood, Erika Olsson, Hedvig Nordeng
PURPOSE: Despite FDA and EMA warnings of long-term use, little is known regarding the time to onset (TTO) of neurological adverse drug reactions (ADR) for metoclopramide. The aims of this study were, first, to evaluate whether neurological ADRs are more commonly reported for metoclopramide than for other medications, and second, to describe how time to onset of neurological ADRs differs by age and gender. METHODS: All ADR reports with metoclopramide as the suspected/interacting drug were extracted from the WHOs Global ADR database Vigibase® between 1967 and May 2016...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Seyed Morteza Heydari, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Shahpour Pourali
Background: In considering the importance of postoperative pain management and its consequences on its related secondary outcomes including nausea, vomiting, and operation-related complications, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of the three analgesic agents including ketamine, paracetamol, and magnesium sulfate for postoperative pain relief and associated consequences in this trial. Materials and Methods: In this double-blinded randomized control clinical trial, patients scheduled for elective lower extremity orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled and randomized into four groups for receiving intravenous ketamine (0...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Man-Ling Kao, Yao-Li Chen, Shu-Ching Lee, Sung-Yen Huang, Ping-Yi Lin
Objective: To compare the efficacy of combined electroacupuncture and metoclopramide treatment with that of metoclopramide only in improving gastric emptying in critically ill neurosurgical patients. Methods: In this prospective case-control pilot study, a total of 16 adult critically ill mechanically ventilated patients who were treated in the surgical intensive care unit were enrolled. Electrical stimulation was applied to 4 pairs of points (maximum intensity < 9...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Mohammad Talebpour, Naser Ghiasnejad Omrani, Farsad Imani, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Mohammad Reza Khajavi
Background: Laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) is a technique in the restrictive category of bariatric procedures that reduces the gastric volume and increases intragastric pressure. Nausea and vomiting are the most common complications after this procedure. The goal of this research is to compare the combined effect of promethazine/dexamethasone versus Metoclopramide/ dexamethasone on the prevention of nausea and vomiting after LGP. Methods: In recovery, the patients were divided into two groups, the Metoclopramide group which was given Metoclopramide 10 mg plus dexamethasone 4 mg/8 hours intravenous for 48 hours, and the promethazine group which was given promethazine 50 mg /12 hours, intramuscular for the first 24 hours and then promethazine 25 mg/12 hours for the next 24 hours plus dexamethasone 4 mg/8 hours intravenous for 48 hours...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Hamidreza T Masoumi, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Morvarid Zarif-Yeganeh, Behrouz Khajeh, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Introduction Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is an invasive malignancy which ought to be treated with several cytotoxic medications. Vincristine-based regimen is among the most commonly used regimens for the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Peripheral neuropathy caused by vincristine provides a limitation in dose administration and can influence the treatment outcome and patient's quality of life. Case presentation Ileus and constipation occurred as a result of autonomic neuropathy in a 58-year-old man who underwent vincristine-based regimen for acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Gina Della Togna, Brian Gratwicke, Matthew Evans, Lauren Augustine, Han Chia, Ed Bronikowski, James B Murphy, Pierre Comizzoli
A better understanding of the factors influencing the biology of amphibian spermatozoa after release from the testis is a prerequisite to the development of sperm preservation methods. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of extracellular conditions (exposure to water and different temperatures) over time on the sperm motility and structural properties (including morphology and DNA integrity) collected from hormonally stimulated Atelopus zeteki. Following intraperitoneal injection of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (des-Gly10 , D-Ala6 , Pro-NHEt9 GnRH; 4 μg/g of body weight), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG, 10 IU/gbw), or Amphiplex™ (0...
March 1, 2018: Theriogenology
Giacomo Rossitto, Giuseppe Maiolino, Livia Lenzini, Valeria Bisogni, Teresa Maria Seccia, Maurizio Cesari, Maurizio Iacobone, Gian Paolo Rossi
BACKGROUND: Cosyntropin and metoclopramide can affect the subtyping of primary aldosteronism when used with adrenal vein sampling by exerting hormone- and side-specific effects on cortisol and aldosterone secretion. We investigated how these stimuli affect the selectivity index, the relative aldosterone secretion index, and the lateralization index in consecutive primary aldosteronism patients submitted to adrenal vein sampling. METHODS: We recruited 171 patients; of these, 149 underwent adrenal vein sampling before and after stimulation with cosyntropin (250 µg intravenous bolus, n= 53, 73% with an aldosterone-producing adenoma) or with metoclopramide (10 mg intravenous bolus, n= 96, 65% aldosterone-producing adenoma), and 32 with an aldosterone-producing adenoma were investigated for the relative gene expression of dopamine, melanocortin 2, and 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) 4 receptor with microarrays...
November 30, 2017: Surgery
Dong Xu, Alexandrea G Ham, Rickey D Tivis, Matthew L Caylor, Aoxiang Tao, Steve T Flynn, Peter J Economen, Hung K Dang, Royal W Johnson, Vaughn L Culbertson
In 2009 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) placed a black box warning on metoclopramide (MCP) due to the increased risks and prevalence of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In this study, we developed a multi-step biomedical informatics screening (MSBIS) approach leveraging publicly available bioactivity and drug safety data to identify concomitant drugs that mitigate the risks of MCP-induced TD. MSBIS includes (1) TargetSearch ( bioinformatics scoring for drug anticholinergic activity using CHEMBL bioactivity data; (2) unadjusted odds ratio (UOR) scoring for indications of TD-mitigating effects using the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS); (3) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) re-scoring by removing the effect of cofounding factors (age, gender, reporting year); (4) logistic regression (LR) coefficient scoring for confirming the best TD-mitigating drug candidates...
December 2017: EBioMedicine
Boris Mraovic, Tatjana Simurina, Tong J Gan
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide (N2 O) has been reported to increase the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in a dose-dependent manner. We investigated the effect of adding N2 O at the end of isoflurane inhalational anesthesia on the recovery and incidence of PONV. Our hypothesis was that N2 O would reduce the time to early recovery without increasing the incidence of PONV. METHODS: After obtaining ethics committee approval and written informed consent, 100 women at American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III and scheduled for laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy were randomized into two groups (G) according to the carrier gas: GO2 (air in 30% oxygen) and GN2 O (the same mixture until the last 30 min of surgery, when 70% N2 O in 30% oxygen was used)...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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