keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

metoclopramide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748235/p-glycoprotein-abcb1-inhibits-the-influx-and-increases-the-efflux-of-11-c-metoclopramide-across-the-blood-brain-barrier-a-pet-study-on-non-human-primates
#1
Sylvain Auvity, Fabien Caillé, Solène Marie, Catriona Wimberley, Martin Bauer, Oliver Langer, Irène Buvat, Sébastien Goutal, Nicolas Tournier
Rationale : PET imaging using radiolabeled high-affinity substrates of P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) has convincingly revealed the role of this major efflux transporter in limiting the influx of its substrates from blood into the brain across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Many drugs, such as metoclopramide, are weak ABCB1 substrates and distribute into the brain even when ABCB1 is fully functional. In this study, we used kinetic modeling and validated simplified methods to highlight and quantify the impact of ABCB1 on the BBB influx and efflux of 11 C-metoclopramide, as a model weak ABCB1 substrate, in non-human primates...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748143/the-investigation-and-treatment-of-diabetic-gastroparesis
#2
REVIEW
Mohit Kumar, Adam Chapman, Saad Javed, Uazman Alam, Rayaz A Malik, Shazli Azmi
PURPOSE: This review provides an update on the investigations and treatment options for gastroparesis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of Medline, PubMed, Embase and OVID was conducted which included all systematic reviews and research articles that focused on the diagnosis, investigations and management diabetic gastroparesis. FINDINGS: Dietary modifications and pharmacologic treatment with prokinetics to increase gastric motility form the mainstay of treatment...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745438/high-exposure-compared-to-standard-exposure-to-metoclopramide-has-a-higher-risk-of-parkinsonism-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Shin-Chia Tsai, Shiow-Yunn Sheu, Li-Nien Chien, Hsin-Chien Lee, Eunice Jia-Shiow Yuan, Rey-Yue Yuan
AIMS: We conducted a cohort study utilizing a nationwide health insurance database to assess European Medicines Agency's restrictions on using metoclopramide and its association with risk of parkinsonism. METHODS: New oral metoclopramide users aged ≥20 years, and age-, gender-matched non-users were recruited in 2001-2011. Users were divided into high-exposure (dose >30 mg/day and/or duration >5 days) and standard-exposure (dose ≤30 mg/day and duration ≤5 days) groups...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744871/the-effectiveness-of-greater-occipital-nerve-blockade-in-treating-acute-migraine-related-headaches-in-emergency-departments
#4
O Korucu, S Dagar, Ş K Çorbacioglu, E Emektar, Y Cevik
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a greater occipital nerve (GON) blockade against a placebo and classical treatments (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs + metoclopramide) among patients who were admitted to the emergency department (ED) with acute migraine headaches. METHOD: This prospective-randomized controlled study was conducted on patients with acute migraine headaches. The patients were randomly assigned to 3 treatment groups: the GON blockade group (nerve blockade with bupivacaine), the placebo group (injection of normal saline into the GON area), and the intravenous (IV) treatment group (IV dexketoprofen and metoclopramide)...
May 10, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732159/ultrasound-imaging-improves-hormone-therapy-strategies-for-induction-of-ovulation-and-in-vitro-fertilization-in-the-endangered-dusky-gopher-frog-lithobates-sevosa
#5
Katherine M Graham, Cecilia J Langhorne, Carrie K Vance, Scott T Willard, Andrew J Kouba
Establishing captive breeding populations of amphibians is an important conservation strategy to safeguard against ongoing declines of wild populations and provide broodstock for reintroduction programs. The endangered dusky gopher frog (DGF) has never naturally reproduced in captivity and requires breeding intervention to sustain the population. Methods for inducing ovulation in female DGFs using hormone therapies have not been evaluated. To address this need, we tested four exogenous hormone treatments to induce ovulation in DGFs ( n = 11/treatment), including: treatment (A) gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa); (B) GnRHa with dopamine antagonist metoclopramide hydrochloride; (C) GnRHa and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and (D) GnRHa with hCG following two low hCG priming doses...
2018: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723901/metoclopramide-and-diphenhydramine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-treatment-for-headache-in-pregnancy-when-acetaminophen-alone-is-ineffective-mad-headache-study
#6
Katherine M Scolari Childress, Christina Dothager, Jeffrey A Gavard, Sara Lebovitz, Catherine Laska, Dorothea J Mostello
OBJECTIVE:  We investigated whether metoclopramide administered with diphenhydramine (MAD) relieves headache in pregnant women when acetaminophen alone is ineffective, using codeine for comparison. STUDY DESIGN:  Normotensive pregnant women in the second or third trimester were randomized to MAD intravenously (10 mg and 25 mg, respectively) or codeine orally (30 mg) for headache after 650 to 1,000 mg of acetaminophen failed to relieve their headaches. Headache severity (pain score 0-10) was noted at intervals over 24 hours...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701436/-abnormal-movements-and-internal-medicine-pathologies
#7
Joseph Ghika
Hyperkinesias can be revelaed by an internal medicine pathology. An acute chorea can be found in association with non ketotic hypergycemia, lupus, antiphospholipid syndrome, endocrinopathies, pregnancy or oral contraceptive initiation, or psychostimulant medication. Acute dystonic syndromes are found in association with the initiation of an old generation neuroleptic, metoclopramide, oral contraceptive and pregnancy. It should be differentiated from hyper- or hypo-calcémie tetany. Tremors are found in association with many drugs and hormones...
April 25, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700231/use-of-subcutaneous-and-intraperitoneal-administration-methods-to-facilitate-cassette-dosing-in-microdialysis-studies-in-rats
#8
Matthew R Durk, Gauri Deshmukh, Nicole Valle, Xiao Ding, Bianca M Liederer, Xingrong Liu
Microdialysis is a powerful technique allowing for real-time measurement of unbound drug concentrations in brain interstitial fluid (ISF) in conscious animals. Use of microdialysis in drug discovery is limited by high resource requirement and low throughput, but this may be improved by cassette dosing. Administering multiple compounds intravenously (IV) of diverse physiochemical properties, it is often very challenging and time-consuming to identify a vehicle that can dissolve all the compounds. To overcome this limitation, the present study explores the possibility of administering a cassette dose of 9 diverse compounds (carbamazepine, citalopram, desmethylclozapine, diphenhydramine, gabapentin, metoclopramide, naltrexone, quinidine, and risperidone) in suspension, rather than in solution, by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous routes, and determining if this is a viable option for assessing BBB penetration in microdialysis studies...
April 26, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696109/comparison-between-effects-of-acupuncture-and-metoclopramide-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-gynaecological-laparoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Masoumeh Albooghobeish, Ahmadreza Mohtadi, Vahid Saidkhani, Habib Fallah, Kaveh Behaein, Sholeh Nesionpour, Roshan Nikbakht
Background: Gynaecological laparoscopy one ofthe most common operations thatis accompanied by postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). A non-pharmacological method of preventing PONV is acupuncture therapy. Objectives: This study is conducted to compare the effects of acupuncture and metoclopramide on post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after gynaecological laparoscopy. Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, clinical trial study,122female, ASA I, aged 19 - 46, who had been referred to the Imam Khomini Hospital (Ahvaz, Iran) and were candidates for gynaecological laparoscopy were enrolled...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679989/d1-but-not-d2-dopamine-receptor-regulates-steroid-levels-during-the-final-stages-of-pikeperch-gametogenesis
#10
J Roche, D Żarski, A Khendek, I Ben Ammar, C Broquard, A Depp, Y Ledoré, T Policar, P Fontaine, S Milla
In pikeperch, Sander lucioperca, aquaculture hormonal treatment is usually applied to synchronize ovulation. However, the effect of dopamine (DA) receptor antagonists, in particular those blocking the D1 DA receptors, remains unknown. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the effects of D1 and D2 DA receptor antagonists on the sex-steroid production and reproductive performance of the species. Two experiments were performed during which mature pikeperch females were injected with different molecules: NaCl 0...
April 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667248/establishment-of-a-radiotelemetric-recording-technique-in-mice-to-investigate-gastric-slow-waves-modulatory-role-of-putative-neurotransmitter-systems
#11
Huichuan Wang, Zengbing Lu, Yuen Hang Liu, Yayi Sun, Longlong Tu, Man P Ngan, Chi-Kong Yeung, John A Rudd
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Gastric slow waves originating from interstitial cells of Cajal-smooth muscle syncytium are usually studied in culture or in tissue segments, but no studies have made recording of slow waves from conscious freely moving mice. Can radiotelemetry be used to record slow waves, and do they respond predictably to drug treatment? What is the main finding and its importance? Radiotelemetry may be used to record slow waves from conscious freely moving mice permitting an examination of drug action in vivo, which is critical to drug discovery projects characterizing drugs and metabolites on gastrointestinal function...
April 18, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661668/no-association-between-metoclopramide-treatment-in-ed-and-reduced-risk-of-post-concussion-headache
#12
Natalie Bresee, Mary Aglipay, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky, Andrée-Anne Ledoux, Franco Momoli, Jocelyn Gravel, Stephen B Freedman, Karen Barlow, Lawrence Richer, Nicholas J Barrowman, Roger Zemek
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of definitive pediatric literature on effective pharmacotherapy for persistent post-concussion headache symptoms. This study assessed whether acute metoclopramide treatment in the Emergency Department (ED) was associated with a reduction in persistent headache in children at 1- and 4-weeks post-concussion. METHODS: Children aged 8-17years with acute concussion presenting to 9-Canadian Pediatric EDs were enrolled in a prospective cohort study, from August 2013-June 2015...
April 7, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650885/-fentanyl-citrate-sublingual-tablets-were-effective-in-relieving-symptoms-of-akathisia-a-case-report
#13
Takaomi Kessoku, Akihiko Kusakabe, Tetsuya Matsuura, Yasushi Honda, Asuka Yoshimi, Ayumu Goto, Haruhisa Yoshida, Akiko Sukegawa, Chiaki Hata, Yukie Saito, Yoko Miyashita, Ryoko Yashiro, Tomoya Komori, Sachiko Arai, Atsushi Nakajima, Yasushi Ichikawa
Akathisia is a condition wherein sitting calmly and quietly is impossible, with a representative complaint of restless legs. It is generally assumed to be caused by anti-dopamine activity. In severe cases, it has been known to result in suicide attempt. We reported a case of drug-induced akathisia with difficulty in oral intake, in which fentanyl citrate sublingual tablets were found to be effective in relieving symptoms. The patient was a female aged 50's who had a gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination causing pain and vomiting...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615907/suppression-of-cisplatin-induced-vomiting-by-cannabis-sativa-in-pigeons-neurochemical-evidences
#14
Ihsan Ullah, Fazal Subhan, Javaid Alam, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Ayaz
Cannabis sativa ( CS , family Cannabinaceae ) has been reported for its anti-emetic activity against cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis in animal models and in clinics. The current study was designed to investigate CS for potential effectiveness to attenuate cisplatin-induced vomiting in healthy pigeons and to study the impact on neurotransmitters involved centrally and peripherally in the act of vomiting. High-performance liquid chromatography system coupled with electrochemical detector was used for the quantification of neurotransmitters 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT), dopamine (DA) and their metabolites; Di-hydroxy Phenyl Acetic acid (Dopac), Homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxy indole acetic acid (5HIAA) centrally in specific brain areas (area postrema and brain stem) while, peripherally in small intestine...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589223/an-analysis-of-the-inclusion-of-medications-considered-potentially-inappropriate-in-older-adults-in-chemotherapy-templates-for-hematologic-malignancies-one-recommendation-for-all
#15
Amy Zhou, Holly M Holmes, Arti Hurria, Tanya M Wildes
BACKGROUND: There remains a paucity of data regarding the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in the supportive management of older adults undergoing chemotherapy. Raising awareness among healthcare providers regarding the frequency of their use and potential toxicities may help to minimize the risks to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of six specific classes of medications considered PIMs by the American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria that are commonly included in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) chemotherapy order templates for hematologic malignancies...
March 27, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561296/potential-clinical-and-immunotherapeutic-utility-of-talimogene-laherparepvec-for-patients-with-melanoma-after-disease-progression-on-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-and-braf-inhibitors
#16
Jason Chesney, Yoannis Imbert-Fernandez, Sucheta Telang, Mary Baum, Smita Ranjan, Mostafa Fraig, Nicolas Batty
Talimogene laherparepvec is a genetically modified herpes simplex virus type 1-based oncolytic immunotherapy for the local treatment of unresectable subcutaneous and nodal tumors in patients with melanoma recurrent after initial surgery. We report on two patients with melanoma who, after progression on numerous systemic therapies, derived clinical benefit from talimogene laherparepvec in an expanded-access protocol (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02147951). Intralesional talimogene laherparepvec (day 1, ≤4 ml 10 PFU/ml; after 3 weeks, ≤4 ml 10 PFU/ml every 2 weeks) was administered until complete response, no injectable tumors, progressive disease, or intolerance occurred...
March 21, 2018: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559403/exploring-gastric-emptying-rate-in-mini-pigs-effect-of-food-type-and-pre-dosing-of-metoclopramide
#17
Laura J Henze, Brendan T Griffin, Martin Christiansen, Christoffer Bundgaard, Peter Langguth, Rene Holm
The present study investigated the gastric emptying rate in Göttingen minipigs pre- and post-prandial and evaluated the effect of metoclopramide on the same parameter, using paracetamol as an absorption marker. The pharmacokinetic evaluation of the obtained plasma concentration data for paracetamol demonstrated that the fastest gastric emptying rate was observed in the animals that were allowed access to normal pig food. There was no significant difference in the stomach emptying rate observed between fasted and fed minipigs, when fed either with a FDA standard breakfast or a nutritional energy drink...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554054/cefalium-induced-bilateral-transient-myopia-retinal-folds-and-focal-choroidal-delay
#18
Luís Augusto Arana, Mariana Bolzani Bach, Gustavo Vedana, Mathias Alexandre Volkmann, Jayme Arana
PURPOSE: To describe a case of acute bilateral transient myopia, retinal folds, and island of choroidal delay associated with oral administration of Cefalium, a medication commonly prescribed in Brazil for migraine that combines acetaminophen 500 mg, caffeine 40 mg, dihydroergotamine mesylate 1 mg, and metoclopramide hydrochloride 10 mg. METHODS: A 21-year-old woman with bilateral blurred vision 1 day after the use of Cefalium. The main outcomes measures were BCVA, ocular fundus, ocular coherence tomography, and angiography findings...
April 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545430/aripiprazole-reversed-gastroparesis-in-a-child-with-1q21-1-q21-2-microdeletion
#19
Simon S Rabinowitz, Neha Ahuja, Jennifer Gottfried
An 11-year-old Caucasian boy, with a microdeletion in the 1q21.1-q21.2 region, had multiple medical conditions including gastroparesis documented initially at the age of 5. The patient had a history of poor feeding since infancy and had been treated for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), constipation and multiple food allergies. As a consequence of the GERD and his concurrent immunoglobulin (IgG) subclass deficiency, the patient had multiple otolaryngologic (ENT) infections and required two sinus surgeries...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534916/metoclopramide-induced-pheochromocytoma-crisis
#20
James B Leonard, Kashif M Munir, Hong K Kim
Metoclopramide (MCP) is a commonly used anti-emetic in the emergency department (ED). Its use is generally well tolerated; although infrequent adverse reactions such as extrapyramidal reactions or tardive dyskinesia are reported. However, many ED providers are not familiar with the potentially life-threatening hypertensive emergency that can be precipitated by MCP administration in patients with pheochromocytoma. A previously healthy 36-year-old woman presented to the ED with headache and nausea. She developed acute hypertensive emergency (acute agitation, worsening headache, chest pain and wide complex tachycardia) when her blood pressure (BP) increased to 223/102mmHg (initial BP, 134/86mmHg) after receiving intravenous MCP...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
73143
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"