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Ishan Ghai, Harsha Bajaj, Jayesh Arun Bafna, Hussein Ali El Damrany Hussein, Mathias Winterhalter, Richard Wagner
The outer cell wall of the Gram-negative bacteria is a crucial barrier for antibiotics to reach their target. Here we show that the chemical stability of the widely used antibiotic ampicillin is a major factor in the permeation across OmpF to reach the target in the periplasm. Using planar lipid bilayer we investigated the interactions and permeation of OmpF with ampicillin, its basic pH induced primary degradation product (penicilloic acid), and the chemically more stable benzylpenicillin. We found that the solute induced ion current fluctuation is 10 times higher with penicilloic-acid than with ampicillin...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Timothy J Watts, Philip H Li, Rubaiyat Haque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Ana Luiza A Siebra, Larissa R Oliveira, Anita O B P B Martins, David C Siebra, Rosimeire S Albuquerque, Izabel Cristina Santiago Lemos, Gyllyandeson A Delmondes, Saulo R Tintino, Fernando G Figueredo, Jose Galberto M da Costa, Henrique D M Coutinho, Irwin R A Menezes, Cicero F B Felipe, Marta R Kerntopf
The development of new drugs from plants is an interesting alternative approach to overcoming microbial resistance. Passiflora cincinnata shows resistance to diseases and pests and a higher concentration of chemical components that may be useful in the pharmaceutical industry. We investigated the potential antimicrobial and antibiotic-modifying activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of leaves, stems, bark, pulp and seeds of P. cincinnata. The extracts were prepared by homogenization of material in 50% ethanol...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Yuma A Bijleveld, Timo R de Haan, Johanna H van der Lee, Floris Groenendaal, Peter H Dijk, Arno van Heijst, Rogier C J de Jonge, Koen P Dijkman, Henrica L M van Straaten, Monique Rijken, Inge A Zonnenberg, Filip Cools, Alexandra Zecic, Debbie H G M Nuytemans, Anton H van Kaam, Ron A A Mathôt
The pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of i.v. benzylpenicillin in term neonates undergoing moderate hypothermia after perinatal asphyxia were evaluated, as to date these are unknown. To do so, a system-specific modeling approach was applied, in which our recently developed covariate model describing developmental and temperature induced changes in amoxicillin clearance (CL) in the same patient study population, was incorporated into a population PK model of benzylpenicillin with a priori birthweight (BW) based allometric scaling...
January 29, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Marie Eliane Azoury, Lucia Filì, Rami Bechara, Noémie Scornet, Luc de Chaisemartin, Richard J Weaver, Nancy Claude, Bernard Maillere, Paola Parronchi, Delphine Joseph, Marc Pallardy
BACKGROUND: There is in vitro evidence that T-cells from allergic patients react to benzylpenicillin-human serum albumin (BP-HSA) bioconjugates. Our group has recently shown the existence of naïve CD4+ T lymphocytes recognizing BP-HSA in healthy donors. However, BP-haptenated peptides from HSA participating in the immunization of allergic patients have never been identified. The purpose of the present study is to identify immunodominant BP-haptenated peptides from HSA involved in immunization of patients to BP and to refine the frequency calculation of naïve CD4+ T-cells recognizing BP...
January 22, 2018: Allergy
T B Y Liem, E M A Slob, J U M Termote, T F W Wolfs, A C G Egberts, C M A Rademaker
Background Incorrect dosing is the most frequent prescribing error in neonatology, with antibiotics being the most frequently prescribed medicines. Computer physician order entry and clinical decision support systems can create consistency contributing to a reduction of medication errors. Although evidence-based dosing recommendations should be included in such systems, the evidence is not always available and subsequently, dosing recommendations mentioned in guidelines and textbooks are often based on expert opinion...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Eliane Patricia Lino Pereira-Franchi, Maria Rachel Nogueira Barreira, Natália de Sousa Lima Moreira da Costa, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Wounds can be colonized by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). METHODS: We evaluated the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA in the wounds of patients treated at Basic Health Units in Brazil and identified risk factors associated with their presence. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of S. aureus and MRSA were 51.5% and 8.7%, respectively. There was a correlation between the presence of S. aureus in wounds and nostrils (p<0...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Matthias Noll, Sylvia Kleta, Sascha Al Dahouk
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of 259 Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from food and food-processing environments and patient samples in Germany to 14 antibiotics widely used in veterinary and human medicine. L. monocytogenes strains were isolated mainly from milk and milk products and classified according to their molecular serotypes IIa (n=112), IIb (n=41), IIc (n=36), IVa (n=1), IVb (n=66), and IVb-v1 (n=3). METHODS: Susceptibility tests were performed by using the automated 96-well based microdilution system Micronaut-S...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Shijie Wen, Changyuan Wang, Yingjie Duan, Xiaokui Huo, Qiang Meng, Zhihao Liu, Shilei Yang, Yanna Zhu, Huijun Sun, Xiaodong Ma, Siyun Yang, Kexin Liu
This study aimed to demonstrate that organic anion transporters (OATs) mediate the drug-drug interaction (DDI) between piperacillin and tazobactam. After co-administration with piperacillin in rats, the AUC of tazobactam in plasma was significantly increased, and t1/2β was prolonged with significant reduction in plasma clearance, renal clearance and cumulative urinary excretion. In rat and human kidney slices, probenecid, p-aminohippurate and benzylpenicillin inhibited the uptake of piperacillin and tazobactam...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Christina Stefanaki, Alexandra Ieronymaki, Theoni Matoula, Chrysseis Caroni, Evaggelia Polythodoraki, Stella-Eugenia Chryssou, George Kontochristopoulos, Christina Antoniou
Objective: To determine the prevalence of resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) isolated from Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) to various antibiotics. Material and Methods: All culture-positive results for S. aureus from swabs taken from patients presenting at one Greek hospital with a skin infection between the years 2010-2015 were examined retrospectively. Bacterial cultures, identification of S. aureus and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed using the disk diffusion method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines and European Committee on Antimicrobial testing (EUCAST) breakpoints...
December 20, 2017: Antibiotics
Cheng Cui, Huijun Lu, Qi Hui, Shiying Lu, Yan Liu, Waqas Ahmad, Yang Wang, Pan Hu, Xilin Liu, Yan Cai, Lingjiu Liu, Xiang Zhang, Ke Zhao, Yansong Li, Honglin Ren, Ningyi Jin, Zengshan Liu
Benzylpenicilloic acid (BPNLA) is a major cleavage product of benzylpenicillin G (BP) generated after heating treatment. It is found in animal derived products from the unstable residual penicillin. Previous studies have only reported the allergic reaction caused by BPNLA, but not described its toxicity. In this study, the toxicity of BPNLA was evaluated to report the potential public health risk posed by animal derived products using in vivo and in vitro models, including the acute toxicity assays, cytotoxicity assays, apoptosis assays and cell cycle progression assay...
December 9, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Alicia Tran-Dien, Simon Le Hello, Christiane Bouchier, François-Xavier Weill
BACKGROUND: Ampicillin, the first semi-synthetic penicillin active against Enterobacteriaceae, was released onto the market in 1961. The first outbreaks of disease caused by ampicillin-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium were identified in the UK in 1962 and 1964. We aimed to date the emergence of this resistance in historical isolates of S enterica serotype Typhimurium. METHODS: In this retrospective, whole-genome sequencing study, we analysed 288 S enterica serotype Typhimurium isolates collected between 1911 and 1969 from 31 countries on four continents and from various sources including human beings, animals, feed, and food...
February 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Muhammad Adeel Shahzad, Syed Ali Raza Naqvi, Rashid Rasheed, Muhammad Yameen, Fozia Anjum, Muhammad Tauqeer Ahmed, Zaib Hussain, Syed Jawad Hussain Gillani
Benzylpenicillin acts through binding with beta-lactamase enzyme and inhibiting the bacterial cell wall biosynthesis. Therefore, the radiolabeling of benzylpenicillin with lutetium-177 is expected to serve as a theranostic agent for deep-seated bacterial infections. The radiolabeling of benzylpenicillin resulted ~93% radiochemical yield at optimized reaction conditions. Radiochemical purity analysis was tested with the help of Whatman No. 2 paper and instant thin layer chromatography. Biodistribution study with healthy New Zeeland white rabbit revealed moderate accumulation in different organs...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Devyani Deshpande, Shashikant Srivastava, Paula Bendet, Katherine R Martin, Kayle N Cirrincione, Pooi S Lee, Jotam G Pasipanodya, Keertan Dheda, Tawanda Gumbo
The modern chemotherapy era started with Fleming's discovery of benzylpenicillin. He demonstrated that benzylpenicillin did not kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis In this study, we found that >64 mg/liter of static benzylpenicillin concentrations killed 1.16 to 1.43 log10 CFU/ml below starting inoculum of extracellular and intracellular M. tuberculosis over 7 days. When we added the β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam, benzylpenicillin maximal kill ( E max ) of extracellular log-phase-growth M. tuberculosis was 6...
February 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Satariya Trakulsrichai, Charuwan Sriapha, Achara Tongpoo, Umaporn Udomsubpayakul, Sunun Wongvisavakorn, Sahaphume Srisuma, Winai Wananukul
Objective: To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics and outcome of amatoxin poisoning cases. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of amatoxin poisoning cases from Ramathibodi Poison Center Toxic Exposure Surveillance System, from May 2013 to August 2015. Results: There were 30 consultations with a total of 55 poisoning cases. Most cases were male and from the north-east region. Hepatitis, acute kidney injury, jaundice, and coagulopathy accounted for 74%, 46...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Jeannet C Bos, Reinier M van Hest, Mabor C Mistício, Ginto Nunguiane, Cláudia N Lang, José C Beirão, Ron A A Mathôt, Jan M Prins
Background: In intensive care (ICU) patients, systemic exposure of β-lactam antibiotics can be altered, and positive clinical outcome is associated with increasing fT>MIC ratios. In sub-Saharan African (SSA) hospitals, benzylpenicillin (PEN) is frequently used for the empirical treatment of severe pneumococcal infections. Pharmacokinetic data for non-ICU hospitalized populations are lacking. Methods: We performed a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) study in an adult Mozambican hospital population treated intravenously with PEN from October 2014-November 2015...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Benjamin Cailes, Christina Kortsalioudaki, Jim Buttery, Santosh Pattnayak, Anne Greenough, Jean Matthes, Alison Bedford Russell, Nigel Kennea, Paul T Heath
OBJECTIVE: To define the susceptibilities of the common causative pathogens of neonatal sepsis in the UK. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the prospectively collected neonIN infection surveillance network data between 2005 and 2014. SETTING: 30 neonatal units in the UK. PATIENTS: Newborns admitted to participating neonatal units who return a positive blood, cerebrospinal fluid or urine culture and are treated with at least 5 days of appropriate antibiotics...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Mercedes Gonzalez Moreno, Andrej Trampuz, Mariagrazia Di Luca
Objectives: To determine the antimicrobial activity against streptococcal biofilm in species mostly isolated from implant-associated infections and examine the effect of enzyme treatment of biofilm on the antimicrobial activity of different antibiotics. Methods: The activities of fosfomycin, rifampicin, benzylpenicillin, daptomycin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, proteinase K and their combinations on planktonic and/or biofilm-embedded standard laboratory strains of Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus oralis were investigated in vitro by standard methods and isothermal microcalorimetry...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
X F Li, Z J Liu, X Chen, J Li, Z G Cui, B Kan, J R Ma, J H Cui
Objective: To understand the antibiotic resistance of bacteria colonized in intestine of the neonates from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and provide evidence to guide clinical antibiotic treatment. Methods: From May, 2014 to May, 2015, a total of 572 stool samples were collected from the neonates of NICU in our hospital. Escherichia coli and Enterococcus were detected with VITEK-2 system. Results: A total of 328 strains of E. coli and 243 strains of Enterococcus were isolated respectively in this study...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Amandla Atilano-Roque, Melanie S Joy
Human organic anion transporting polypeptide 3A1 (OATP3A1) is predominately expressed in the heart. The ability of OATP3A1 to transport statins into cardiomyocytes is unknown, although other OATPs are known to mediate the uptake of statin drugs in liver. The pleiotropic effects and uptake of simvastatin acid were analyzed in primary human cardiomyocytes and HEK293 cells transfected with the OATP3A1 gene. Treatment with simvastatin acid reduced indoxyl sulfate-mediated reactive oxygen species and modulated OATP3A1 expression in cardiomyocytes and HEK293 cells transfected with the OATP3A1 gene...
December 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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