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Manipulation therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677188/smsp2-a-serine-protease-secreted-by-the-blood-fluke-pathogen-schistosoma-mansoni-with-anti-hemostatic-properties
#1
Adrian Leontovyč, Lenka Ulrychová, Anthony J O'Donoghue, Jiří Vondrášek, Lucie Marešová, Martin Hubálek, Pavla Fajtová, Marta Chanová, Zhenze Jiang, Charles S Craik, Conor R Caffrey, Michael Mareš, Jan Dvořák, Martin Horn
BACKGROUND: Serine proteases are important virulence factors for many pathogens. Recently, we discovered a group of trypsin-like serine proteases with domain organization unique to flatworm parasites and containing a thrombospondin type 1 repeat (TSR-1). These proteases are recognized as antigens during host infection and may prove useful as anthelminthic vaccines, however their molecular characteristics are under-studied. Here, we characterize the structural and proteolytic attributes of serine protease 2 (SmSP2) from Schistosoma mansoni, one of the major species responsible for the tropical infectious disease, schistosomiasis...
April 20, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675551/magnetic-nanoparticles-based-cancer-therapy-current-status-and-applications
#2
REVIEW
Huan Zhang, Xiao Li Liu, Yi Fan Zhang, Fei Gao, Ga Long Li, Yuan He, Ming Li Peng, Hai Ming Fan
Nanotechnology holds a promising potential for developing biomedical nanoplatforms in cancer therapy. The magnetic nanoparticles, which integrate uniquely appealing features of magnetic manipulation, nanoscale heat generator, localized magnetic field and enzyme-mimics, prompt the development and application of magnetic nanoparticles-based cancer medicine. Considerable success has been achieved in improving the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sensitivity, and the therapeutic function of the magnetic nanoparticles should be given adequate attention...
April 3, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675269/translation-of-remote-control-regenerative-technologies-for-bone-repair
#3
Hareklea Markides, Jane S McLaren, Neil D Telling, Noura Alom, E'atelaf A Al-Mutheffer, Richard O C Oreffo, Andrew Zannettino, Brigitte E Scammell, Lisa J White, Alicia J El Haj
The role of biomechanical stimuli, or mechanotransduction, in normal bone homeostasis and repair is understood to facilitate effective osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. Mechanotransduction has been integrated into a multitude of in vitro bone tissue engineering strategies and provides an effective means of controlling cell behaviour towards therapeutic outcomes. However, the delivery of mechanical stimuli to exogenous MSC populations, post implantation, poses a significant translational hurdle...
2018: NPJ Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673262/psychometric-properties-of-the-numeric-pain-rating-scale-and-neck-disability-index-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-headache
#4
Ian A Young, James Dunning, Raymond Butts, Joshua A Cleland, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
Background Self-reported disability and pain intensity are commonly used outcomes in patients with cervicogenic headaches. However, there is a paucity of psychometric evidence to support the use of these self-report outcomes for individuals treated with cervicogenic headaches. Therefore, it is unknown if these measures are reliable, responsive, or result in meaningful clinically important changes in this patient population. Methods A secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial (n = 110) examining the effects of spinal manipulative therapy with and without exercise in patients with cervicogenic headaches...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672857/bags-versus-flasks-a-comparison-of-cell-culture-systems-for-the-production-of-dendritic-cell-based-immunotherapies
#5
REVIEW
Natalie Fekete, Ariane V Béland, Katie Campbell, Sarah L Clark, Corinne A Hoesli
In recent years, cell-based therapies targeting the immune system have emerged as promising strategies for cancer treatment. This review summarizes manufacturing challenges related to production of antigen presenting cells as a patient-tailored cancer therapy. Understanding cell-material interactions is essential because in vitro cell culture manipulations to obtain mature antigen-producing cells can significantly alter their in vivo performance. Traditional antigen-producing cell culture protocols often rely on cell adhesion to surface-treated hydrophilic polystyrene flasks...
April 19, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671161/under-evaluated-or-unassessed-pathogenic-pathways-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-and-implications-for-future-management
#6
REVIEW
Albert J Czaja
Autoimmune hepatitis is a consequence of perturbations in homeostatic mechanisms that maintain self-tolerance but are incompletely understood. The goals of this review are to describe key pathogenic pathways that have been under-evaluated or unassessed in autoimmune hepatitis, describe insights that may shape future therapies, and encourage investigational efforts. The T cell immunoglobulin mucin proteins constitute a family that modulates immune tolerance by limiting the survival of immune effector cells, clearing apoptotic bodies, and expanding the population of granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells...
April 18, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670836/construction-and-development-of-a-cardiac-tissue-specific-and-hypoxia-inducible-expression-vector
#7
Shahrooz Ghaderi, Neda Alidadiani, Jafar Soleimani Rad, Hamid Reza Heidari, Nafi Dilaver, Behzad Mansoori, Reza Rhabarghazi, Rezayat Parvizi, Vahid Khaze Shahgoli, Behzad Baradaran
Purpose: Cardiovascular gene therapy is a sophisticated approach, thanks to the safety of vectors, stable transgene expression, delivery method, and different layers of the heart. To date, numerous expression vectors have been introduced in biotechnology and biopharmacy industries in relation to genetic manipulation. Despite the rapid growth of these modalities, they must be intelligently designed, addressing the cardiac-specific transgene expression and less side effects. Herein, we conducted a pilot project aiming to design a cardiac-specific hypoxia-inducible expression cassette...
March 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670255/a-combination-of-lactobacillus-mali-aps1-and-dieting-improved-the-efficacy-of-obesity-treatment-via-manipulating-gut-microbiome-in-mice
#8
Yung-Tsung Chen, Ning-Sun Yang, Yu-Chun Lin, Shang-Tse Ho, Kuan-Yi Li, Jin-Seng Lin, Je-Ruei Liu, Ming-Ju Chen
The difficulty of long-term management has produced a high rate of failure for obesity patients. Therefore, improving the efficacy of current obesity treatment is a significant goal. We hypothesized that combining a probiotic Lactobacillus mali APS1 intervention with dieting could improve the efficacy of obesity and hepatic steatosis treatment compared to dieting alone. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks and then treated with: saline + normal diet and APS1 + normal diet (NDAPS1) for 3 weeks. NDAPS1 accelerated body weight loss and reduced caloric intake and fat accumulation...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668776/muscle-regeneration-through-therapy-with-estromal-stem-cells-in-injury-of-infraespinhosus-muscle-of-sheep
#9
Aline Grama Moreira Brandão, Angélica Consalter, Juliana da Silva Leite, Helia Zamprogno, Ana Maria Reis Ferreira
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of rotator cuff muscle regeneration in sheep and establish an experimental model for the use of autologous stem cells as a treatment option for tendon injuries. METHODS: Infrared muscle tenotomies and Penrose drain implantation were performed on 12 shoulders of six clinically healthy adult sheep. After 60 days, the tendons were submitted to tissue repair, drainage removal, and divided into two groups according to the use of autologous stromal stem cells for treatment...
March 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666822/accuracy-and-precision-of-a-veterinary-neuronavigation-system-for-radiation-oncology-positioning
#10
Isabelle F Vanhaezebrouck, Elizabeth A Ballegeer, Stephen Frey, Rob Sieffert
Conformal radiation treatment plans such as IMRT and other radiosurgery techniques require very precise patient positioning, typically within a millimeter of error for best results. CT cone beam, real-time navigation, and infrared position sensors are potential options for success but rarely present in veterinary radiation centers. A neuronavigation system (Brainsight Vet, Rogue Research) was tested 22 times on a skull for positioning accuracy and precision analysis. The first 6 manipulations allowed the authors to become familiar with the system but were still included in the analyses...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664712/chemokine-receptor-5-has-no-major-role-in-the-severity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-related-liver-damage
#11
Giuseppe Colucci, Roberta D'Ambrosio, Enrico Galmozzi, Marco Maggioni, Stella De Nicola, Alessio Aghemo, Massimo Colombo
Total or partial inactivation of the chemokine 5 (CC5) pathway, as caused by the CC5 receptor Δ32 deletion (CCR5Δ32), may result in a profound manipulation of immune surveillance with significant consequences on the course and response to therapy of diverse human infections, including HIV. It has been postulated that in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), such a deregulation of CC5 pathway may compromise T cell-dependent antiviral immune responses, which in turn may favor viral persistence. To test this hypothesis, we investigated a cohort of 100 patients with CHC in whom 12 heterozygous and 1 homozygous CCR5Δ32 mutations were detected compared to 8 and none in 98 healthy controls (13% vs...
April 17, 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664602/engineering-persistent-luminescence-nanoparticles-for-biological-applications-from-biosensing-bioimaging-to-theranostics
#12
Shao-Kai Sun, He-Fang Wang, Xiu-Ping Yan
Persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) are unique optical materials emitting long-lasting luminescence after ceasing excitation. Such a unique optical feature allows luminescence detection without constant external illumination to avoid the interferences of autofluorescence and scattering light from biological fluids and tissues. Besides, near-infrared (NIR) PLNPs have advantages of deep penetration and the reactivation of the persistent luminescence (PL) by red or NIR light. These features make the application of NIR-emitting PLNPs in long-term bioimaging no longer limited by the lifetime of PL...
April 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663890/methodologies-related-to-computational-models-in-view-of-developing-anti-alzheimer-drugs-an-overview
#13
Kirtee Baheti, Mayura Ajay Kale
BACKGROUND: Since last two decades, there has been more focus on the development strategies related to Anti-Alzheimer's drug research. This may be attributed to the fact that most of the Alzheimer's cases are still mostly unknown except for a few cases, where genetic differences have been identified. With the progress of the disease, the symptoms involve intellectual deterioration, memory impairment, abnormal personality and behavioural patterns, confusion, aggression, mood swings, irritability Current therapies available for this disease give only symptomatic relief and do not focus on manipulations of biololecular processes...
April 17, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663162/functional-defects-of-treg-cells-new-targets-in-rheumatic-diseases-including-ankylosing-spondylitis
#14
REVIEW
Jinlin Miao, Ping Zhu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to review the advances of Treg cell biology, the functional defects of Treg cells, and the potential strategies for the experimental, preclinical or clinical application of Treg cell therapy in the context of autoimmune/immune-mediated rheumatic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells are a phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous subset of lymphocytes that prevent a variety of autoimmune diseases. As in many autoimmune diseases, the functional defects of Treg cells are supposed to play relevant roles in the pathogenesis and development of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and other autoimmune/immune-mediated rheumatic diseases...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661055/messenger-rna-delivery-for-tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine-applications
#15
Siddharth Patel, Avathamsa Athirasala, Paula Dos Passos Menezes, Narayanan Ashwanikumar, Ting Zou, Gaurav Sahay, Luiz Bertassoni
The ability to control cellular processes and precisely direct cellular reprogramming has revolutionized regenerative medicine. Recent advances in in vitro transcribed (IVT) mRNA technology with chemical modifications have led to development of methods that control spatio-temporal gene expression. Additionally, there is a current thrust towards the development of safe, integration-free approaches to gene therapy for translational purposes. In this review, we describe strategies of synthetic IVT mRNA modifications and non-viral technologies for intracellular delivery...
April 17, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658838/effectiveness-of-translational-manipulation-under-interscalene-block-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#16
Daniel G Rendeiro, Gail D Deyle, Norman W Gill, Guy R Majkowski, Ian E Lee, Dale A Jensen, Robert S Wainner
STUDY DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether translational manipulation under anesthesia/local block (TMUA) adds to the benefit of mobilization and range of motion exercise for improving pain and functional status among patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (AC). BACKGROUND: TMUA has been shown to improve pain and dysfunction in patients with AC. This intervention has not been directly compared to physical therapy treatment without TMUA in a prospective trial...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656120/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndromes-in-the-era-of-interventional-cardiology
#17
REVIEW
Riccardo Gorla, Raimund Erbel, Kim A Eagle, Eduardo Bossone
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), initially reported after cardiovascular surgery, has been described after various interventional cardiology procedures, including endovascular/thoracic aortic repair (EVAR/TEVAR), implantation of heart rhythm devices, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), electrophysiology procedures (EP), and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In these settings, a comprehensive understanding of the triggers, pathogenesis as well as a common diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm is lacking and will be discussed in this review...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652725/therapeutic-strategies-involving-uterine-stem-cells-in-reproductive-medicine
#18
Michael Simoni, Hugh S Taylor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review provides an update on recent advances in stem cell biology relevant to female reproduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that often serve as a reservoir of cells to regenerate tissue in settings or injury or cell loss. The endometrium has progenitor stem cells that can replace all of the endometrium during each menstrual cycle. In addition, multipotent endometrial cells replace these progenitor cells when depleted...
April 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650692/microrna-mediated-therapy-modulating-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-improves-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#19
Kensuke Toyama, Joshua M Spin, Alicia C Deng, Ting-Ting Huang, Ke Wei, Markus U Wagenhäuser, Takuya Yoshino, Huy Nguyen, Joscha Mulorz, Soumajit Kundu, Uwe Raaz, Matti Adam, Isabel N Schellinger, Ann Jagger, Philip S Tsao
OBJECTIVE: There are currently no effective treatments for the prevention of dementia associated with vascular cognitive impairment. MicroRNAs regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play key roles in vascular disorders. TNFα (tumor necrosis factor-α) regulates blood-brain barrier breakdown through modification of cerebral tight junctions. Here, we sought key TNFα-responsive microRNAs that might influence blood-brain barrier breakdown via cerebral tight junction disruption in vascular cognitive impairment...
April 12, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649043/permeation-enhancers-for-intratympanically-applied-drugs-studied-using-fluorescent-dexamethasone-as-a-marker
#20
Wei Li, Jared J Hartsock, Chunfu Dai, Alec N Salt
HYPOTHESIS: Entry of locally applied drugs into the inner ear can be enhanced by chemical manipulations. BACKGROUND: Perilymph drug concentrations achieved by intratympanic applications are well below the applied concentration due to limited entry through the round window (RW) membrane and stapes. Chemical manipulations to increase entry permeability could increase the effectiveness of drug therapy with local applications. METHODS: Dexamethasone-fluorescein (F-dex) was used as an entry marker...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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