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Degloving injury

Zhenglin Chi, Peng Yang, Dajiang Song, Zan Li, Liang Tang, Weiyang Gao, Yonghuan Song, Tingang Chu
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the results of resurfacing completely degloved digits using bilobed innervated radial artery superficial palmar branch (RASPB) perforator flap in a spiral fashion. METHODS: A detailed anatomic study on 30 adult fresh frozen cadavers preinjected with silicone rubber compound to demarcate arterial anatomy documented locations, numbers, and diameters of arteries and skin perforators with surrounding nerves. The flap-raising procedure was performed using four fresh cadaver specimen...
October 21, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Paulo Esteves Pinto Faria, Abrahão Cavalcante Gomes de Souza Carvalho, Bárbara Masalskas, Letícia Chihara, Eduardo Sant'Ana, Osvaldo Magro Filho
One of the most impressive soft tissue injuries is the facial degloving, normally associated with industrial machines and traffic accidents. This injury is characterized by the separation of the skin and cartilage from the bones, compromising the soft tissues correlated in the trauma area, nerves, and blood vessels. A 28-year-old patient, male, was referred to Araçatuba's Santa Casa Hospital, after a motorcycle accident, hitting his face on the sidewalk. The patient was conscious, oriented, denying fainting and unconsciousness during the accident, and complaining of pain in the nasal region of the face...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
David Christian, Hyuma A Leland, Walter Osias, Seth Eberlin, Lori Howell
Morel-Lavellée lesions are soft tissue degloving injuries resulting from shearing trauma that induces separation of the superficial and deep fascias creating a potential space that becomes filled with hemolymph. Here we present a case of a 28-year-old male presenting with a persistent Type I Morel-Lavallée lesion 2.5 years after an automobile versus pedestrian accident. These lesions can be visualized via computed tomography, plain film and ultrasound, but magnetic resonance imaging is the modality of choice for their identification and characterization...
July 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Andrea E Geddes, Clay Cothren Burlew, Amy E Wagenaar, Walter L Biffl, Jeffrey L Johnson, Fredric M Pieracci, Eric M Campion, Ernest E Moore
BACKGROUND: We implemented expanded screening criteria for blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs) in an attempt to capture the remaining 20% of patients not historically identified with earlier protocols. We hypothesized that these expanded criteria would capture the additional 20% of BCVI patients not previously identified. METHODS: Screening criteria for BCVI were expanded in 2011 after identifying new injury patterns. The study population included 4 years prior (2007 to 2010; classic) and following (2011 to 2014; expanded) implementation of expanded criteria...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Guangliang Zhang, Jihui Ju, Guangzhe Jin, Linfeng Tang, Yi Fu, Ruixing Hou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore effective strategies of replantation or revascularization for the treatment of hand degloving injuries. METHODS: Ten patients who had received replantation or revascularization surgery for hand degloving injury between 2002 and 2014 were included for this study. The average age at the time of surgery was 34.5 years (range 18-49 years). There were nine left and one right hand replantations. The cause of injury was an industrial machine press in all of them...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Marion Prigent, Sylvain Brochard, Mathias Thepaut, Christian Lefèvre, Dominique Le Nen, Thierry Cornic, Marie-Thérèse Cariou, Catherine Le Rouzic, Phlippe Le Moine, Christelle Pons, Laetitia Houx
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lower limb amputation is rare in pediatric population, and surgeons always try limb salvage. But rarely, later amputation occurred when the traumatic limb is painful. It is a difficult and irreversible decision needed a multidisciplinary approach. We report how we managed a programmed trans-tibial amputation on 13-years-old boy, 20 months after a foot trauma. OBSERVATIONS: Our patient is an adolescent victim of a left foot crash. The first checkup showed a degloving injury, dislocation of the interphalangeal joints and of all toes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ümit Taşkın, Timur Batmaz, Mehmet Erdil, Salih Aydın, Kadir Yücebaş
The basic aim of our study is to compare the results of the conventional and piezoelectric osteotomy in rhinoplasty by complete subperiosteal degloving of nasal bone to minimize soft-tissue injury. The study was designed as a prospective, double-blind, randomized, and controlled study. Setting is a tertiary referral hospital in Turkey. Ninety patients who underwent primary open rhinoplasty with osteotomy, performed by either the conventional instruments or the piezoelectric device. The complete subperiosteal degloving of the entire nasal bone was done up to the nasal maxillary sulcus, medial canthus, and nasion in all patients, independent of the type of osteotomy device used...
September 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
John A Scolaro, Tom Chao, David P Zamorano
The Morel-Lavallée lesion is a closed soft-tissue degloving injury commonly associated with high-energy trauma. The thigh, hip, and pelvic region are the most commonly affected locations. Timely identification and management of a Morel-Lavallée lesion is crucial because distracting injuries in the polytraumatized patient can result in a missed or delayed diagnosis. Bacterial colonization of these closed soft-tissue injuries has resulted in their association with high rates of perioperative infection. Recently, MRI has been used to characterize and classify these lesions...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Takako Sato, Aya Kashiwai, Chisato Ota, Masakatsu Nomura, Kento Tsuboi, Misa Kitagawa, Shuntaro Abe, Hitoshi Tsuchihashi, Koichi Suzuki
The incidence of pancreatic injury after blunt abdominal trauma is extremely low. A timely and accurate diagnosis is important, as a delay could be life-threatening. In this case, a 70-year-old driver crashed a car into a concrete wall at low speed. He was transported to the emergency hospital but died about 9.5h later with the cause of death unknown. An autopsy revealed that his pancreas was lacerated in the coronal plane and there was mesenteric contusion. Cause of death was determined to be blood loss resulting from pancreatic and mesenteric contusion...
July 2016: Legal Medicine
Robyn Midgley
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: This case report describes the use of the casting motion to mobilize stiffness (CMMS) technique in the management of a crush and degloving injury of the hand. The patient was unable to attend multiple hand therapy sessions due to geographic constraints. The CMMS technique involved the application of a nonremovable plaster of paris cast that selectively immobilizes proximal joints in an ideal position while constraining distal joints to direct desired motion over a long period...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Alison Shmerling, Jonathan T Bravman, Morteza Khodaee
Traumatic swelling/effusion in the knee region is a relatively common presenting complaint among athletes and nonathletes. Due to its broad differential diagnosis, a comprehensive evaluation beginning with history and physical examination are recommended. Knee joint effusion can be differentiated from other types of swelling by careful physical examination. Imaging, including plain radiography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is preferred modality. Aspiration of a local fluctuating mass may help with the diagnosis and management of some of these conditions...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Suhail Hakim, Khalid Ahmed, Ayman El-Menyar, Gaby Jabbour, Ruben Peralta, Syed Nabir, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Husham Abdelrahman, Ammar Al-Hassani, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: Degloving soft tissue injuries (DSTIs) are serious surgical conditions. We aimed to evaluate the pattern, management and outcome of DSTIs in a single institute. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for patients admitted with DSTIs from 2011to 2013. Presentation, management and outcomes were analyzed according to the type of DSTI. RESULTS: Of 178 DSTI patients, 91 % were males with a mean age of 30.5 ± 12.8. Three-quarter of cases was due to traffic-related injuries...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Sonia Chawla, Sandhya Jain, Amita Suneja, Kiran Guleria
Unsafe abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. Various types of intestinal injury in form of haematoma, perforation, contusion and transection have been reported. Degloving injury of intestine is one of the rarest complications. We report a case of 32-year-old lady Gravida 4, para 3 admitted with history of induced surgical abortion by a quack with degloving injury to bowel. Though there was no fecal soiling of peritoneal cavity but large segment of bowel was lost. She was managed by end ileostomy and discharged in stable condition...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anshuman Singh, Akshay Anand, Sanchit Mittal, Abhinav Arun Sonkar
Morel-Lavallee seroma (MLS) or post-traumatic pseudocyst is a soft tissue seroma developing due to closed degloving injury by a shearing force that causes separation of subcutaneous fatty layer from the deeper muscular fascia resulting in collection of fluid in the created space. Presentation is usually fluctuant swelling following history of injury. More frequently described in orthopaedic literature, it occurs more commonly over gluteal and trochanteric regions, knee and flanks with occurrence over back, thorax being a rare entity...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Nida P Intarapanich, Emily C McCobb, Robert W Reisman, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Pichai P Intarapanich
Motor vehicle accidents (MVA) are often difficult to distinguish from non-accidental injury (NAI). This retrospective case-control study compared animals with known MVA trauma against those with known NAI. Medical records of 426 dogs and cats treated after MVA and 50 after NAI were evaluated. Injuries significantly associated with MVA were pelvic fractures, pneumothorax, pulmonary contusion, abrasions, and degloving wounds. Injuries associated with NAI were fractures of the skull, teeth, vertebrae, and ribs, scleral hemorrhage, damage to claws, and evidence of older fractures...
July 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Xiao Fang Shen, Jing Yi Mi, Ming Yu Xue, Gang Zhao, Li Qiang, Xiao Zhou, Yong Jun Rui, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to report the authors' experience with the use of the modified great toe wraparound flap with preservation of a plantar triangular flap for reconstructing degloving injuries of the thumb and fingers. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, 31 patients underwent reconstruction with 37 flaps. Twenty-seven patients underwent reconstruction with 31 flaps for a degloved thumb and fingers, and four patients underwent reconstruction with six flaps for degloved fingers only...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Natasha J G Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular trauma is classified aetiologically as blunt, penetrating or degloving. Blunt testicular trauma, caused by interpersonal violence, sporting injuries and RTAs account for the majority of cases, typically affecting males aged 15-40 [1]. Approximately 98.5% of blunt trauma resulted in unilateral testicular injury; about 12-15% involving cyclists or motorcyclists (Cass and Luxenberg, 1988) [2]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 48-year-old male motorcyclist presented to the accident and emergency department with an acute scrotum following collision with an oncoming vehicle...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
N M Yusof, A S Fadzli, W S Azman, M A Azril
INTRODUCTION: The understanding of the skin's vascular anatomy has improved in the last decade. It has lead to technique modification such as the staged procedure in performing sural flaps and improvement in the flap survival rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute vascular complications (flap necrosis or congestion) of 29 patients who underwent distal base sural flap for coverage of wound around the ankle. METHODS: Twenty-four males and five females with a mean age of 37...
April 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
KyeongBeom Choi, JaeHo Cho, MyongChul Park, Dong Ha Park, Il Jae Lee
Traditionally, the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap is used in distal lower extremity reconstruction. Reverse ALT flap has become one of the most popular choices for knee joint soft tissue defects. A 53-year-old man sustained a degloving injury in the right lateral side of the lower extremity from the lateral malleolar area to the knee joint area. The contamination was severe, necessitating serial debridement and negative pressure wound therapy. After 4 weeks, no more soft tissue necrosis was evident. No more microorganism growth was confirmed by swab culture...
September 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Michael S Green, Daniel Wu, Vishal Patel, Rayhan Tariq
Transcutaneous lead extraction can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The risk of causing concomitant arterial and venous injury is rare. We report a case of marginal artery rupture with coronary sinus rupture after a CS lead extraction. A 71-year-old male was admitted for extraction of a 6-year-old implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead due to fracture from insulation break. During the lead extraction, blood pressure fell precipitously and echocardiographic findings were consistent with pericardial effusion...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
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