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Degloving injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913385/closed-internal-degloving-of-the-flank
#1
Lindsay F Remy, Jacob Azurdia, Ashraf Fansa, Nabil A Ebraheim
Originally described in 1853 by Dr. Morel-Lavellee, closed internal degloving injuries represent an important, although uncommon, source of morbidity in trauma patients. These injuries are typically the result of a shearing or crushing force that traumatically separates the skin and subcutaneous tissue from the underlying fat. This results in disruption of perforating blood vessels and lymphatics, leading to hematoma/seroma formation. We describe two cases in which industrial crush injuries resulted in lumbar transverse process fracture...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894612/combined-dorsal-and-ulnarward-carpometacarpal-dislocation-associated-with-open-fracture-of-the-base-of-first-metacarpal-and-severe-degloving-injury
#2
Ali J Electricwala, Jaffer T Electricwala
We report a rare case of dislocation of second to fourth carpometacarpal (CMC) joints of the right hand with combined dorsal and ulnarward displacement of the second to fourth digits and fracture of the shaft of the first metacarpal associated with degloving injury. These injuries were diagnosed early and treated successfully with closed reduction and internal fixation using Kirschner wires. The functional outcome was good at follow-up at 5 years. A high index of suspicion is required to successfully diagnose and treat this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893006/morel-lavallee-lesion-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#3
Elamparidhi Padmanabhan, Ramesh Kumar Rudrappa, Talluri Bhavishya, Sibhithran Rajakumar, Sivaranjinie Selvakkalanjiyam
Morel-Lavallee lesions are closed degloving soft tissue injuries which occur because of trauma and in which the skin and subcutaneous tissue are separated from superficial fascia. This shear trauma results in creation of a potential space filled with serosanguinous fluid, blood and necrotic fat. We discuss a case of 52-year-old female with history of trauma one week back, who presented with a boggy swelling over the postero-lateral aspect of proximal forearm and distal arm. Local examination showed fluctuating fluid collection...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755614/immediate-emergency-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-after-car-tyre-friction-injury-a-case-report-with-eight-years-follow-up
#4
Abdullah Merter, Mehmet Armangil, Burak Kaya, Sinan Bilgin
The car-tyre friction injury has differences from other injuries. The components of injury which are burn, crushing, shearing, and degloving occur. Many treatment options can be performed for coverage of wound which are Vacuum Assisted Closure system (V.A.C), skin grafting, free flaps, local flaps and cross leg flap.
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745005/can-a-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesion-be-misdiagnosed-as-a-mass-like-lesion
#5
Yoon Jae Lee, Jun Hyeok Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Ho Han
The Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) is a post-traumatic closed soft tissue degloving injury. Common complaints of MLL patients are a haematoma or fluid collection on the trunk or the lower extremity. However, the authors introduce unique cases of MLL that present an atypical appearance. The fluid collection was not apparent, and the capsule formation was not detected on preoperative image study. The main complaint of patients was the uncomfortable mass-like lesion that was regarded as a simple benign lump. The purpose of this case study is to introduce the atypical cases of MLL and to help other physicians make accurate diagnosis based on trial and error of our cases...
July 25, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742611/a-rare-presentation-of-a-morel-lavallee-lesion-of-the-lower-leg-successfully-treated-with-ultrasound-guided-aspiration
#6
Audrey Falconi, Holly Crellin, Chelsea Tagawa
A Morel-Lavallee lesion (MLL) is a relatively rare condition that is caused by a traumatic shearing force. This force leads to a closed degloving injury of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia that creates a potential space that can fill with lymph, blood, and necrotic fat. The MLLs are traditionally seen after high impact trauma and typically located at the greater trochanter and pelvis, although recent reports have found them to be located at the knee, thigh, and lower leg. The MLLs typically present as swelling at the site of injury, which can be difficult to differentiate from several other diagnoses...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735116/surgical-technique-of-percutaneous-iliosacral-screw-fixation-in-s3-level-in-unstable-pelvic-fracture-with-closed-degloving-injury-and-morrell-lavallee-lesion-two-case-reports
#7
Ismail H Dilogo, Jessica Fiolin
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous screw fixation is considered the best option in unstable pelvic fracture with severe soft tissue injury. However, fixation technique at the level of S3 has not been well established. This paper showed the feasible surgical technique of S3 screw insertion in unstable pelvic fracture with severe soft tissue injury. METHODS: We reported 2 cases of unstable pelvic injury of an 11 years old boy with Marvin-Tile (MT) C1 pelvic fracture with sacroiliac (SI) joint disruption, skin avulsion and Morel-Lavallée lesion...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696855/don-t-forget-the-abdominal-wall-imaging-spectrum-of-abdominal-wall-injuries-after-nonpenetrating-trauma
#8
Shanna A Matalon, Reza Askari, Jonathan D Gates, Ketan Patel, Aaron D Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Abdominal wall injuries occur in nearly one of 10 patients coming to the emergency department after nonpenetrating trauma. Injuries range from minor, such as abdominal wall contusion, to severe, such as abdominal wall rupture with evisceration of abdominal contents. Examples of specific injuries that can be detected at cross-sectional imaging include abdominal muscle strain, tear, or hematoma, including rectus sheath hematoma (RSH); traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH); and Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) (closed degloving injury)...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648967/glans-necrosis-following-penile-prosthesis-implantation-prevention-and-treatment-suggestions
#9
Steven K Wilson, Cesar Mora-Estaves, Paulo Egydio, David Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Christopher Love, Ahmad Shamsodini, Robert Valenzuela, Faysal A Yafi
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible etiology and treatment outcomes in 21 patients with glans necrosis following penile prosthesis implantation. METHODS: Glans necrosis typically presented with a dusky glans on the first postoperative day following prosthesis implantation. RESULTS: The blood supply to the glans penis consists of the dorsal arteries and the terminal branches of the spongiosal arteries. Using the cohort in our study, we compiled preoperative comorbidities and adjunctive surgical maneuvers that might compromise glans vascularity, leading to glans necrosis...
June 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638942/morel-lavallee-lesion-in-pediatric-trauma
#10
Jane Shelley, Alana Noritake, Kenneth Ortiz, Robert Ricca
Morel-Lavallee lesions (MLL) are closed degloving injuries that have been rarely described in the pediatric literature. These internal degloving injuries can have serious complications and long-term morbidity. Early diagnosis and intervention is imperative. We present the case of a 20-month-old with MLL of the thigh.
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571232/morel-lavallee-lesions-review-of-pathophysiology-clinical-findings-imaging-findings-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Sreelatha Diviti, Nishant Gupta, Kusum Hooda, Komal Sharma, Lawrence Lo
Morel-Lavallee lesion is a post-traumatic soft tissue degloving injury. This is commonly associated with sports injury caused by a shearing force resulting in separation of the hypodermis from the deeper fascia. Most common at the greater trochanter, these injuries also occur at flank, buttock, lumbar spine, scapula and the knee. Separation of the tissue planes result in a complex serosanguinous fluid collection with areas of fat within it. The imaging appearance is variable and non specific, potentially mimicking simple soft tissue haematoma, superficial bursitis or necrotic soft tissue neoplasms...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554105/comment-on-a-case-report-of-a-complete-degloving-injury-of-the-penile-skin
#12
A Innocenti, D Melita, F Mori, S Ghezzi, M Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: We recently published an article in the International Journal of Surgical Case Reports titled: "Scrotal dartos-fascio-myo-cutaneous flap for penis elongation after catastrophic iatrogenic skin shaft sub-amputation: A case of recovery using an extremely adaptable flap". PRESENTATION OF CASE: We propose a comment on a recent article titled "A case report of a complete degloving injury of the penile skin" by Helena Aineskog and Frederik Huss that we read with great interest...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525675/acellular-dermal-matrix-and-heel-reconstruction-a-new-prospective
#13
Alessandro Scalise, Matteo Torresetti, Federica Verdini, Marianna Capecci, Elisa Andrenelli, Alessandro Mengarelli, Maria Gabriella Ceravolo, Sandro Fioretti, Giovanni Di Benedetto
BACKGROUND: Heel reconstruction represents a challenge for all plastic surgeons due to the anatomical and functional features of this weight-bearing area. In the last decade a combined use of acellular dermal matrices and skin grafts has been proposed as a reliable and less invasive alternative for complex wound management; nevertheless only a few cases have been reported in the literature. METHODS: We describe the long-term outcome of 2 cases of severe degloving trauma of the plantar region with massive soft tissue defects of the foot, that underwent surgical reconstruction with artificial dermis and skin grafts...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495505/penile-fracture-following-a-fall-in-a-7-year-old-male
#14
Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Caitlin T Coco, James R Furr, Marshall D Shaw, Dominic C Frimberger
We report a rare case of isolated penile fracture in a prepubescent male caused by an accidental fall. The patient presented with swelling and ecchymosis on the base of the penis and along the penile shaft. A flexible cystoscopy was performed, which did not reveal any concomitant urethral injury. The penis was degloved and the corporal tear was closed with absorbable suture. Due to the location of the injury, ventral mobilization of the urethra was required. The pathophysiology of penile fracture as well as the diagnosis and management of this rare injury are discussed in this report...
August 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489213/effects-of-heparin-and-hyperbaric-oxygenation-on-necrosis-reduction-in-an-animal-model-for-degloving-injuries
#15
Douglas Neumar Menon, Letícia Teixeira, Natalha Bristot Paurosi, Marcio Eduardo Barros
Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment with hyperbaric oxygen therapy or with topical and intralesional heparin in an animal model of degloving lesions. Methods: we conducted an experimental study with adult, male Wistar rats submitted to degloving of the left hind limb and divided into four groups according to the treatment: Group 1 (control) - without treatment; Group 2 (Heparin) - intralesional application at the time of surgery and topically, in the postoperative period, with heparin spray 10,000IU/mL; Group 3 (hyperbaric oxygenation) - daily sessions of 30 minutes in a hyperbaric chamber with 100% oxygen and 2 ATA pressure; Group 4 (positive control) - administration of a single dose of 45 mg/kg of intraperitoneal allopurinol...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454780/a-comparison-of-rat-degloving-injury-models
#16
Serdar Altun, Hakan Orbay, Mehmet Ekinci, Ahmet Cetinbas, Ali Bal, Enver Arpaci, Mehmet İhsan Okur
OBJECTIVE: Two different rat models for degloving injury were described in the literature. Our aim in this study is to compare these rat models to determine which one is more reliable and reproducible. METHODS: We surgically induced degloving injury on tails and left hindlimbs of Wistar albino rats (n = 8), and sutured the avulsed tissues back in their original positions after a waiting period. We observed the changes in the avulsed flaps every other day for 10 days...
April 25, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445273/staged-management-of-open-lisfranc-injury-experience-from-14-patients
#17
Wenqi Gu, Zhongmin Shi
There are still controversies on the management and outcome of open Lisfranc injury in available studies. This study evaluates the staged management of Lisfranc injury and its complications.Patients who received a staged strategy for open Lisfranc injury were reviewed.One patient with degloving injury suffered from partial skin and hallux necrosis which was treated by debridement, hallux amputation, definitive internal fixation, and local flap transfer on the 12th day after first stage management. A definitive internal fixation and simultaneous skin graft or flap coverage were performed in another 3 patients with soft tissue defects...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392073/combined-multi-lobed-flaps-a-series-of-39-extensive-hand-and-multi-digit-injuries-one-staged-reconstructions-using-modified-designs-of-alt-dpa-and-chimeric-linking-flaps
#18
Liang Tang, Georgios Pafitanis, Peng Yang, Zan Li, Ming Jia, Isao Koshima, Dajiang Song, Zhenglin Chi
INTRODUCTION: The use of multiple small flaps linked in a "chain-linked" flap microanastomosed chimeric system is recommended in distal hand and digital defects reconstruction. The aim of this study is to demonstrates our experience utilizing microsurgical fabrication, multi-lobed and linking combined flaps for the reconstruction of hand degloving injuries with complex multidigit soft tissue defects. METHODS: Microanastomosed chimeric flap systems using ALT and DPA modified designed flaps were combined in five selections to cover extensive soft tissue defects involving the hands and multiple digits of 39 patients (M:F - 36:3) from October 2009 to February 2013...
March 31, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352600/soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-complete-circumferential-defects-of-the-upper-extremity
#19
Zhi Yang Ng, Shaun Shi Yan Tan, Alexandre Gaston Lellouch, Curtis Lisante Cetrulo, Harvey Wei Ming Chim
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity soft tissue defects with complete circumferential involvement are not common. Coupled with the unique anatomy of the upper extremity, the underlying etiology of such circumferential soft tissue defects represent additional reconstructive challenges that require treatment to be tailored to both the patient and the wound. The aim of this study is to review the various options for soft tissue reconstruction of complete circumferential defects in the upper extremity...
March 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272583/-degloving-injury-of-the-mandible
#20
M H J Hollander, J Schortinghuis
A 13-year-old girl presented at an emergency department after she had fallen on her face when she fell from her horse. During physical examination no apparent extraoral injury was visible, such as lacerations, bruises or oedema. However, intraoral examination revealed extensive laceration of soft tissue. The diagnosis was a degloving injury of the mandible, which is very rare. The treatment consisted of debridement, suturing of the mentalis muscle, the approximate closing of the mucosa, accompanied by treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics...
March 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
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