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Oculomoter nerve

Takuya Miyazaki, Jun Taguchi, Takashi Obana, Satoshi Yamaji, Hideyuki Koharazawa, Katsumichi Fujimaki, Heiwa Kanamori, Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo
We report on a 70-year-old male who developed cavernous sinus syndrome as the initial symptom of multiple myeloma. He was admitted with diplopia and ptosis in October 2004. The diagnosis of multiple myeloma and cavernous sinus syndrome due to a gross mass at the sinus base were made. Cerebral computed tomography revealed that the lesion occupied the sphenoid sinus and involved the oculomoter nerve. He underwent local irradiation of the mass followed by systemic chemotherapy. The symptoms caused by the mass disappeared after the treatment...
October 2006: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Tetsuro Tsukamoto, Mitsuharu Yamamoto, Takahisa Fuse, Masahiko Kimura
A 61-year-old man suddenly heard tinnitus and diplopia at night during watchinng television. A few days later he visited at our hospital. Neurologically he exibited marked isolated right superior rectus palsy which was also indicated by the Hess test. No other neurological abnormalities were found such as other ocular muscle paresis, cranial nerve palsies, hemiparesis, sensory impairement or cerebellar ataxia. MRI showed a left medial thalamic infarction extending to a rostral part of the midbrain anterolateral to the cerebral aqueduct at the superior colliculi level...
June 2005: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
R Goebel, D E Linden, H Lanfermann, F E Zanella, W Singer
Echoplanar functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to localize the cortical areas involved in the analysis of spatially transformed letter strings. Significant increases of the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal for transformed vs normal reading were observed in the superior parietal lobule (SPL), along the intraparietal sulcus (IPS), in the frontal eye fields (FEF), and in the latero-occipital area LO. The respective contributions of oculomotor and spatial transformation areas to this activation pattern were separated by means of a control condition involving the execution and suppression of eye movements...
March 9, 1998: Neuroreport
R Bianchi, L Rodella, R Rezzani, M Gioia
The abducens nucleus is a pontine nucleus directly involved in oculomotion through its connections with the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cytoarchitectural organization of the abducens nucleus in man. The data obtained showed that the nerve cell bodies were small, medium and large in size and polygonal, oval, round or spindle shaped. The cytoplasm of all neurons appeared basophilic due to clearly evident scattered Nissl granules. On the basis of the characteristics of the dendritic arborization, multipolar and fusiform cells were identified...
1996: Acta Anatomica
A Matsuda, S Chin, T Ohashi
Two cases of inferior branch palsy of the oculomoter nerve in children are reported. A Six-year-old and a 14-year-old child had diplopia. Adduction and depression were restricted and mydriasis of the affected eye were observed. There were no restrictions on elevation. Ptosis was absent. They were diagnosed as having inferior branch palsy of the oculomotor nerve. Neurological examinations and diagnostic imagings showed no other abnormalities. Herpes simplex and influenza antibody titer were high in both cases...
July 1995: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
A R Shakhnovich, R B Nevieridze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1967: Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal SSSR Imeni I. M. Sechenova
S H Lee, Y K Yeow, C B Tan, H Tjia
A patient with large cell malignant lymphoma presented with transient left oculomotor nerve synkinesis, left trigeminal and abducens nerve palsies. Magnetic resonance imaging showed thickening of the oculomotor and trigeminal nerves characteristic of central nervous system lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of transient oculomoter nerve synkinesis in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The rapid onset and quick recovery of the synkinesis following 2 weeks of chemotherapy support the ephatic transmission theory...
September 1992: Journal of Clinical Neuro-ophthalmology
J B Baron, N Ushio, M J Tangapregassom
The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the influence of the mesencephalic oculomotor system regulation on orthostatic postural regulation. The body at rest is never immobile but it swings continuosly. The amplitudes and the frequencies of body sway give an indication of the function of the different sensorimotor loops which are involved in body balance. An apparatus, the statokinesimeter, allows us to record these motions by means of displacement of the body's centre of gravity with respect to the centre of the basis...
June 1979: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
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