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Ritu Gujarati, Siva Rami Reddy Karumuri, T Naresh Babu, B Janardhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Manas Sarkar, Ambadas Akulwad, Rajendra Kshirsagar, Siva Muthukrishnan
Intensive exposure to insecticides has resulted in the evolution of insecticide resistance in the mosquitoes. We tested the bio-efficacy of two Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) laboratory strains differentially bio-responsive to pyrethroids to understand the comparative efficacy of different polyfluorobenzyle and conventional pyrethroid molecules and the role of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) in synergizing these molecules in increased tolerance of mosquitoes to these molecules. We have taken deltamethrin (α-cyano pyrethroid with phenoxybenzyl moiety); permethrin (phenoxybenzyl pyrethroid without an α-cyano group); transfluthrin, dimefluthrin, metofluthrin, and meperfluthrin (polyfluorinated benzyl compounds); and prallethrin (modified cyclopentadienone compound) for this study...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Akanksha Joshi, Chokkalingam Siva
Calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease, also known as pseudogout, is one of the most common forms of inflammatory arthritis. A variety of comorbidities and metabolic conditions have been recognized to predispose to CPPD. We describe here a patient with chronic CPP arthritis due to hypomagnesemia, which is one of the metabolic etiologies associated with CPPD, especially in younger patients. We also performed a literature search and reviewed all reported cases of CPPD disease associated with hypomagnesemia...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
Siva Raja, Alejandro C Bribriesco, Madhu R Sanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Manne Munikumar, Vagolu Siva Krishna, Varikasuvu Seshadri Reddy, Bolla Rajeswari, Dharmarajan Sriram, Mendu Vishnuvardhana Rao
Excess adiposity in obese inhibits negatively impacts immune function and host defence. Obesity is characterized by a state of low-grade, chronic inflammation in addition to disturbed levels of circulating nutrients and metabolic hormones. The impact of metabolic abnormalities on obesity-related co-morbidities has undergone intense scrutiny over the past decades. Thus, treatment of obesity and its associated immune-mediated diseases is challenging due to impaired function of leptin system. These disorders are managed through antibiotics and by cytokines replacement...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Siva K Angalakurthi, Connie A Tenorio, Michael Blaber, C Russell Middaugh
In this study, we examined the local dynamics of acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1) as well as the binding sites of various polyanions including poly-sulfates (heparin and low MW heparin) and poly-phosphates (phytic acid and ATP) using hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HX-MS). For local dynamics, results are analyzed at the peptide level as well as in terms of buried amides employing crystallographic B-factors and compared with a residue level heat map generated from HX-MS results. Results show that strand 4 and 5 and the turn between them to be the most flexible regions as was previously seen by NMR...
April 12, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Stefan S Kachala, Thomas W Rice, Mark E Baker, Jeevanantham Rajeswaran, Prashanthi N Thota, Sudish C Murthy, Eugene H Blackstone, Andrea Zanoni, Siva Raja
OBJECTIVES: The value of routine timed barium esophagram (TBE) in longitudinal follow-up of achalasia after Heller myotomy is unknown. We prospectively prescribed a yearly follow-up TBE. Purposes were to characterize esophageal emptying over time after myotomy, identify preoperative TBE measures associated with follow-up TBE, and characterize follow-up TBE over time in relationship to reintervention. METHODS: From March 1995 to April 2013, 635 patients underwent Heller myotomy for achalasia; 559 had at least 1 follow-up TBE...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Gulen Hatemi, Robin Christensen, Dongsik Bang, Bahram Bodaghi, Aykut Ferhat Celik, Farida Fortune, Julien Gaudric, Ahmet Gul, Ina Kötter, Pietro Leccese, Alfred Mahr, Robert Moots, Yesim Ozguler, Jutta Richter, David Saadoun, Carlo Salvarani, Francesco Scuderi, Petros P Sfikakis, Aksel Siva, Miles Stanford, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Richard West, Sebahattin Yurdakul, Ignazio Olivieri, Hasan Yazici
Several new treatment modalities with different mechanisms of action have been studied in patients with Behçet's syndrome (BS). The aim of the current effort was to update the recommendations in the light of these new data under the auspices of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standing Committee for Clinical Affairs. A task force was formed that included BS experts from different specialties including internal medicine, rheumatology, ophthalmology, dermatology, neurology, gastroenterology, oral health medicine and vascular surgery, along with a methodologist, a health professional, two patients and two fellows in charge of the systematic literature search...
April 6, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Siva Nageswara Rao Guttikonda, Kiran Vadapalli
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and management of patients presenting with acute dyspnea is one of the major challenges for physicians in emergency department (ED). A correct diagnosis is frequently delayed and difficult to ascertain, and clinical uncertainty is common, explaining the need for rapid diagnosis and a management plan. The primary aim of our study is to assess a diagnostic strategy using multiorgan point of care ultrasonography (USG) to differentiate patients presenting with acute dyspnea to ED into different diagnostic categories for timely management in a resource-limited setting...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alejandro Bilbao, Amar K Patel, Mizanur Rahman, Siva A Vanapalli, Jerzy Blawzdziewicz
Locomotion of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a key observable used in investigations ranging from behavior to neuroscience to aging. However, while the natural environment of this model organism is 3D, quantitative investigations of its locomotion have been mostly limited to 2D motion. Here, we present a quantitative analysis of how the nematode reorients itself in 3D media. We identify a unique behavioral state of C. elegans -a roll maneuver-which is an essential component of 3D locomotion in burrowing and swimming...
April 4, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Gunvant Patil, Tri D Vuong, Sandip Kale, Babu Valliyodan, Rupesh Deshmukh, Chengsong Zhu, Xiaolei Wu, Yonghe Bai, Dennis Yungbluth, Fang Lu, Siva Kumpatla, J Grover Shannon, Rajeev K Varshney, Henry T Nguyen
The cultivated [Glycine max (L) Merr.] and wild [Glycine soja Siebold & Zucc.] soybean species comprise wide variation in seed composition traits. Compared to wild soybean, cultivated soybean contains low protein, high oil and high sucrose. In this study, an inter-specific population was derived from a cross between G. max (Williams 82) and G. soja (PI 483460B). This recombinant inbred line (RIL) population of 188 lines was sequenced at 0.3x depth. Based on 91,342 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), recombination events in RILs were defined, and a high-resolution bin map was developed (4,070 bins)...
April 4, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Siva Harsha Yedlapati, Scott H Stewart
Aims: Hospital readmissions serve as a major benchmark for the quality of care and alcohol withdrawal (AW) may lead to multiple hospitalizations and readmissions. We sought to evaluate readmission rates and predictors of having AW-related readmissions in a nationally representative sample. Short summary: In a nationally representative sample, AW readmission within 30 days and multiple readmissions during the year were high and were particularly predicted by discharge against medical advice (AMA), comorbid psychosis, comorbid depression, poor socioeconomic status, comorbid drug abuse and alcohol-related medical disease...
March 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Louis Arnould, Christine Binquet, Charles Guenancia, Seydou Alassane, Ryo Kawasaki, Vincent Daien, Christophe Tzourio, Yumiko Kawasaki, Abderrahmane Bourredjem, Alain Bron, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
PURPOSE: To identify patterns summarizing the retinal vascular network in the elderly and to investigate the relationship of these vascular patterns with cardiovascular history. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study, the Montrachet study (Maculopathy Optic Nerve nuTRition neurovAsCular and HEarT diseases), in participants older than 75 years. The history of cardiovascular disease and a score-based estimation of their 10-year risk of cardiovascular mortality (Heart SCORE) were collected...
2018: PloS One
Sivabalan Karthik, Gadamchetty Pavan, Selvam Sathish, Ramamoorthy Siva, Periyasamy Suresh Kumar, Markandan Manickavasagam
Agrobacterium infection and regeneration of the putatively transformed plant from the explant remains arduous for some crop species like peanut. Henceforth, a competent and reproducible in planta genetic transformation protocol is established for peanut cv. CO7 by standardizing various factors such as pre-culture duration, acetosyringone concentration, duration of co-cultivation, sonication and vacuum infiltration. In the present investigation, Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 harboring the binary vector pCAMBIA1301- bar was used for transformation...
April 2018: 3 Biotech
Sarah McGrory, Adele M Taylor, Enrico Pellegrini, Lucia Ballerini, Mirna Kirin, Fergus N Doubal, Joanna M Wardlaw, Alex S F Doney, Baljean Dhillon, John M Starr, Emanuele Trucco, Ian J Deary, Thomas J MacGillivray
Purpose: Semiautomated software applications derive quantitative retinal vascular parameters from fundus camera images. However, the extent of agreement between measurements from different applications is unclear. We evaluate the agreement between retinal measures from two software applications, the Singapore "I" Vessel Assessment (SIVA) and the Vessel Assessment and Measurement Platform for Images of the Retina (VAMPIRE), and examine respective associations between retinal and systemic outcomes...
March 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Siva Venkadesh, Alexander O Komendantov, Stanislav Listopad, Eric O Scott, Kenneth De Jong, Jeffrey L Krichmar, Giorgio A Ascoli
The diversity of intrinsic dynamics observed in neurons may enhance the computations implemented in the circuit by enriching network-level emergent properties such as synchronization and phase locking. Large-scale spiking network models of entire brain regions offer a platform to test theories of neural computation and cognitive function, providing useful insights on information processing in the nervous system. However, a systematic in-depth investigation requires network simulations to capture the biological intrinsic diversity of individual neurons at a sufficient level of accuracy...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
Şinasi Manduz, Fatih Ada, Yusuf Ada
Objective: The purpose of this study was to reveal the treatment outlook, usage habits, and factors affecting these habits, in addition to providing suggestions for solutions for patients who are frequently recommended the use of compression stockings as treatment for conditions such as chronic venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, lymphedema, and pregnancy. Methods: The study was conducted as a face-to-face questionnaire session with 1,004 patients who had previously registered at the cardiovascular surgeon's polyclinic of Sivas Numune Hospital between March 29, 2017, and October 31, 2017...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Hemalatha Beesetti, Poornima Tyagi, Brahmam Medapi, Vagolu Siva Krishna, Dharmarajan Sriram, Navin Khanna, Sathyamangalam Swaminathan
BACKGROUND: The global occurrence of dengue, a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by four distinct dengue viruses (DENV-1, -2, -3 and -4), is reported to have increased ~30-fold in the last fifty years, causing ~400 million infections a year. A limited use, sub-optimal live attenuated dengue vaccine has become available recently. It is becoming apparent that antibodies to DENVs can promote infection by Zika virus (ZIKV), a related mosquito-borne flavivirus. A drug to treat these flaviviral infections continues to be an unmet public health need...
March 27, 2018: Antiviral Therapy
Giovana B Celli, Raheleh Ravanfar, Siva Kaliappan, Rohit Kapoor, Alireza Abbaspourrad
A fraction of annatto is often transferred to the whey fluid during Cheddar cheese processing, which negatively impacts the visual and sensory attributes of the resultant whey powder. Alternatives to reduce the color in the powder are still needed. In this study, casein-chitosan complexes were prepared to deliver annatto preferentially to the curd and reduce the amount of carryover colorant in whey powder. These complexes were relatively spherical, with a mean complex diameter of 8.3 ± 1.9 µm, zeta-potential of +39...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Ramesh Kandanelli, Lavanya Meesala, Jatin Kumar, Chinthalapati Siva Kesava Raju, V C Rao Peddy, Sriganesh Gandham, Pramod Kumar
Biochar is carbonaceous mass that is produced from pyrolysis or gasification of biomass. It is so far majorly explored for soil remediation application, but recently it has attracted a lot of interest because of its unexplored applications in the area of adsorption. In this work, detailed study on biochars produced from two different feeds (rice husk and saw dust), at two different temperatures (450 and 550°C) and two different rates (fast and slow) of pyrolysis are discussed for oil spill mitigation. Biochar is characterized in detail by various techniques such as FTIR,13 C CPMAS, FESEM, RAMAN, TGA to determine the structural composition and observe the extent of pyrolysis...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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