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Peripheral arterial calcification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928037/a-novel-computer-aided-diagnostic-approach-for-detecting-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Eva Elina Buschmann, Lulu Li, Michèle Brix, Andreas Zietzer, Philipp Hillmeister, Andreas Busjahn, Peter Bramlage, Ivo Buschmann
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis, with diabetes being one of its most significant risk factors. Owing to medial arterial calcification (MAC), the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is not always a reliable tool for detecting PAD. Arterial Doppler flow parameters, such as systolic maximal acceleration (ACCmax) and relative pulse slope index (RPSI), may serve as effective surrogates to detect stenosis-induced flow alteration. In the present study, ACCmax and RPSI were prospectively evaluated in 166 patients (304 arteries) with clinical suspicion of PAD, including 76 patients with and 90 patients without diabetes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911480/safety-and-feasibility-of-intravascular-lithotripsy-for-treatment-of-below-the-knee-arterial-stenoses
#2
Marianne Brodmann, Andrew Holden, Thomas Zeller
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of treating calcified infrapopliteal stenoses using an intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) system. METHODS: The Disrupt BTK study was a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, feasibility, and safety trial that enrolled 20 patients (mean age 79.0±9.6 years; 14 men) at 3 participating sites ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02911623). Fifteen patients had Rutherford category 5 ischemia, and all patients had moderate to severe below-the-knee arterial calcification...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902551/catalytically-inactive-phosphatase-mtmr12-is-a-novel-regulator-of-osteoclast-function-through-f-actin-ring-formation
#3
Yang Lei, Lang Lei, Yunbing Wang, Sasha A Singh, Elena Aikawa
Vascular calcification contributes to clinical mortality and morbidity. One possible mechanism for vascular calcification is lack of functional osteoclast formation in atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we seek to discover novel regulators of osteoclastogenesis with the aim to reduce vascular calcification. We used quantitative proteomics and functional network analysis to identify novel proteins in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)-derived osteoclast model. In the current studies we focus on novel proteins in osteoclast ruffled border, a plasma membrane contacting the bone surface during bone resorption...
June 11, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897296/high-iliac-calcium-score-is-associated-with-increased-severity-and-complexity-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-predicts-global-atherosclerotic-burden
#4
Zsuzsanna Jeremias, Nora Rat, Imre Benedek, Emese Rapolti, Mihaela Ratiu, Adrian Muresan, Theodora Benedek
BACKGROUND: The role of vascular calcifications in iliac arteries for predicting global atherosclerotic burden in still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether iliac calcium score (ICS), a new computed tomographic angiography (CTA) derived biomarker of vascular calcification, can predict the severity and complexity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) as well as the global atherosclerotic burden. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single centre, non-randomized, observational prospective study on 84 consecutive patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease, undergoing peripheral CTA examination of the lower limbs, divided into high (n = 42) and low ICS (n = 42) groups with a median value for ICS of 3934 HU...
June 13, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800625/the-prevalence-of-pseudoxanthoma-elasticum-revised-estimations-based-on-genotyping-in-a-high-vascular-risk-cohort
#5
Guido Kranenburg, Annette F Baas, Pim A de Jong, Folkert W Asselbergs, Frank L J Visseren, Wilko Spiering
BACKGROUND: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), an autosomal recessive systemic calcification disorder, is caused by mutations in the ABCC6-gene and associated with severe visual impairment and peripheral arterial disease. Given the progress in development of a therapy for PXE, more precise estimations of its prevalence are warranted. METHODS: We genotyped the four most common ABCC6 mutations (c.3421C > T, c.4182delG, c.3775delT, c.2787+1G > T), together accounting for half of all ABCC6 mutations identified in PXE patients from the Dutch population, in a Dutch high vascular risk cohort (n = 7893)...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791638/assessment-of-ulceration-risk-in-diabetic-individuals
#6
Luz Marina Alfonso Dutra, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes, Manuela Costa Melo, Danyelle Lorrane Carneiro Veloso, Dayane Leticia Faustino, Leila Maria Sales Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for foot ulceration through the tracing of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease in individuals with type I and II diabetes, who were assisted in reference centers of the Federal District, Brazil. METHOD: a cross-sectional and analytical study, with the assessment of 117 individuals in outpatient clinics of the Federal District. Continuous variables were compared through Mann-Whitney test, and categorized variables, through Chi-square test for univariate analysis and Logistics regression test for multivariate analysis...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786412/the-use-of-scoring-balloons-in-the-superficial-femoral-artery
#7
Simon Bays
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting is becoming increasingly the first line treatment for patients with both claudication and critical limb ischaemia instead of surgery, with the aim of returning the patient's quality of life in the former and preventing amputation. Drug eluting technologies have seen a large surge in popularity in recent years, and significant patient benefits have been seen with the use of drug eluting stents and balloons over the use of plain balloon angioplasty. Unfortunately in many patients with arterial disease there is significant vessel wall calcification - this can theoretically be a barrier to drug delivery, and can also be a contributing factor to flow limiting dissection and the subsequent need for bail out stenting...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779091/two-years-of-maintenance-hemodialysis-has-a-pronounced-effect-on-arterial-stiffness-progression
#8
Agne Laucyte-Cibulskiene, Laurynas Rimsevicius, Liutauras Gumbys, Dileta Valanciene, Marius Miglinas
BACKGROUND: The change of aortic stiffness, but not the particular baseline value, plays a crucial role in estimating the patient risk with end-stage renal disease. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the evolution of central and peripheral arterial stiffness in hemodialysis population without previous cardiovascular events during a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: 60 hemodialysis patients (mean age 57.61 ± 13.01 years) were prospectively interviewed, and they underwent blood tests, chest X-ray for aortic calcification evaluation and pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurements at the baseline, after 6 months and after 2 years of observation period...
May 19, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725581/a-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-obesity-and-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-patients-with-diabetes
#9
Barbara Depczynski, Tamara Young, Christopher White
Peripheral artery disease (PAD), when present with diabetes, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The spectrum of PAD in diabetes includes atherosclerosis with stenotic disease; and diffuse medial calcification with non-compliant arteries, as reflected by high ankle brachial index. The clinical characteristics of a high ABI are less well characterized than that of low ABI. The aim of this study was to determine the unique clinical phenotype of patients with diabetes who have high ankle brachial index (ABI) reading...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721920/acquired-peripheral-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-morphological-spectrum-of-disease-and-multidetector-computed-tomography-angiography-findings-cases-series-and-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Tullio Valente, Ahmad Abu-Omar, Giacomo Sica, Alfredo Clemente, Massimo Muto, Giorgio Bocchini, Salvatore Cappabianca, Gaetano Rea
BACKGROUND: Acquired peripheral or intraparenchymal pulmonary artery aneurysms (PPAA) are rare entities but are important to recognize because of the associated morbidity. Hemoptysis is their principal complication and is a potentially fatal condition. PURPOSE: To illustrate the causes, multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA) findings and differential diagnosis of acquired PPAA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review boards approved this study...
May 2, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701404/digital-subtraction-angiography-or-computed-tomography-angiography-in-the-preoperative-evaluation-of-lower-limb-peripheral-artery-disease-a-comparative-analysis
#11
Marina Dias-Neto, Catarina Marques, Sérgio Sampaio
INTRODUCTION: For several years, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was considered the gold standard method for the evaluation of PAD patients. This is an invasive technique and allows a good evaluation of collaterals and the vessel lumen, even in cases with associated calcification. Nevertheless, recent technical development of computed tomography angiography (CTA) has improved its specificity and sensibility, besides the fact that CTA is a fast and non-invasive procedure. OBJECTIVE: To characterize a cohort of lower limb PAD patients and clarify if there are differences among the patients preoperatively evaluated by DSA or CTA...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701379/which-aneurysm-characteristics-predict-evar-nonsuccess
#12
Pedro Pinto Sousa, Pedro Brandão, Alexandra Canedo
INTRODUCTION: Hostile anatomic characteristics in patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) may lead to technical nonsuccess of the procedure, late complications, reintervention or death. The authors analyzed anatomical abdominal aortic aneurysm specific considerations so as technical endoprosthesis implantation and correlate them with endoleak development and postoperative survival. METHODS: Authors retrospectively reviewed all consecutive, elective, EVAR's that occurred between 2010 and 2016, with available data, at one institution for abdominal, infra renal, aortic aneurysms...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658870/descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-rupture-treated-with-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-a-patient-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#13
Ovidiu Stiru, Roxana Carmen Geana, Platon Pavel, Marian Croitoru, Cristian Boros, Ion Iovu, Vlad Anton Iliescu
Descending thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture is a life-threatening disease associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Treatment in these cases is a surgical emergency. Less invasive therapies for the treatment of this pathology have been developed over time. For descending thoracic aneurysm rupture, endovascular stent grafting is less invasive, life-saving, and a unique alternative to open repair. However, this approach is subject to anatomical and logistic limitations. The purpose of the present study is to report a case of an emergency endovascular repair for a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm in a patient with peripheral arterial disease, and to discuss some important issues related to this approach...
March 20, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652038/analysis-of-novel-cardiovascular-biomarkers-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-pad
#14
Peter Jirak, Moritz Mirna, Bernhard Wernly, Vera Paar, Marcus Thieme, Stefan Betge, Marcus Franz, Uta Hoppe, Alexander Lauten, Jürgen Kammler, Paul C Schulze, Michael Lichtenauer, Daniel Kretzschmar
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common form of manifestation of atherosclerosis. PAD has a considerable impact on morbidity, hospitalisation rates and health- care costs. Biomarkers have been introduced in many cardiovascular disease entities over the last years. However, an analysis on the correlation of biomarker levels and PAD is still lacking. METHODS: A total of 106 patients were enrolled in this current study, 51 that were diagnosed with PAD and 55 with excluded coronary and peripheral artery disease as controls...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627067/novel-developments-in-non-invasive-imaging-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-with-ct-experience-with-state-of-the-art-ultra-high-resolution-ct-and-subtraction-imaging
#15
REVIEW
R Tanaka, K Yoshioka, H Takagi, J D Schuijf, K Arakita
Despite advances, challenges remain for less invasive imaging of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) using computed tomography (CT) angiography. The application of dual-energy imaging to PAOD has been reported to improve the diagnostic accuracy of this application; however, severe arteriosclerosis with heavy arterial wall calcification still hampers definitive lesion characterisation, especially in distal and smaller arteries. Recently an ultra-high resolution scanner has been introduced. In combination with advances in post-processing, such as subtraction techniques, these developments may overcome some of the current challenges and allow far more detailed characterisation of PAOD non-invasively...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557221/endovascular-treatment-of-severely-calcified-femoropopliteal-lesions-using-the-pave-and-crack-technique-technical-description-and-12-month-results
#16
Marina Dias-Neto, Manuela Matschuck, Yvonne Bausback, Ursula Banning-Eichenseher, Sabine Steiner, Daniela Branzan, Holger Staab, Ramon L Varcoe, Dierk Scheinert, Andrej Schmidt
PURPOSE: To report midterm results of the "pave-and-crack" technique to facilitate safe and effective scaffolding of heavily calcified femoropopliteal lesions in preparation for delivery of a Supera interwoven stent. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively on 67 consecutive patients (mean age 71±8 years; 54 men) treated with this technique between November 2011 and February 2017 at a single center. A third (22/64, 34%) of the patients had critical limb ischemia (CLI)...
June 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554376/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i-is-a-biomarker-for-occult-coronary-plaque-burden-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
George A Karpouzas, Joel Estis, Panteha Rezaeian, John Todd, Matthew J Budoff
Objectives: Patients with RA display greater occult coronary atherosclerosis burden and experience higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared with controls. We here explored whether pro-inflammatory cytokines and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), a biomarker of myocardial injury, correlated with plaque burden and cardiovascular events (CVEs) in RA. Methods: We evaluated 150 patients with 64-slice coronary CT angiography. Coronary artery calcium, number of segments with plaque (segment involvement score), stenotic severity and plaque burden were assessed...
June 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548814/renin-and-aldosterone-are-not-associated-with-vulnerable-plaque-characteristics-in-patients-with-carotid-artery-disease
#18
Marieke A Hillaert, Hester M den Ruijter, Imo E Hoefer, Eef G Lentjes, Gert J de Borst, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Pieter A Doevendans, Gerard Pasterkamp, Leo Timmers
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is increasingly being recognized to play an important role in the development and clinical course of cardiovascular diseases. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation is associated with clinical outcome in various populations of cardiovascular patients, such as patients with coronary artery, peripheral artery, and cerebrovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the associations between plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations and atherosclerotic plaque characteristics and secondary vascular events in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531756/microrna-8059-as-a-marker-for-the-presence-and-extent-of-coronary-artery-calcification
#19
Philippa Howlett, Jane K Cleal, Huihai Wu, Nikunj Shah, Alex Horton, Nick Curzen, Michael Mahmoudi
Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may serve as potential biomarkers in a variety of pathologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether miRNAs could serve as blood-based markers of isolated coronary artery calcification (CAC) defined as CAC in the absence of an underlying metabolic abnormality. Methods: 24 age-matched and sex-matched patients who had been referred for elective CT coronary calcium score and angiography as part of investigation for cardiac chest pain were recruited...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522810/vascular-complications-in-the-sapien-3-era-continued-role-of-transapical-approach-to-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
William Toppen, William Suh, Olcay Aksoy, Peyman Benharash, Cayley Bowles, Richard J Shemin, Murray Kwon
With the introduction of the latest generation Sapien 3 (S3) transcatheter aortic valve, there has been a reduction in the usage of transapical (TA) approach for transcatheter aortic valve replacements in many centers. However, despite the smaller sheath size and the more streamlined delivery system, vascular complications continue to occur, especially in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Thus, our institution has maintained a stringent TA protocol aiming to prevent these complications. We hypothesize that this protocol has helped to reduce vascular complications and improve outcomes at our institution even in the S3 era...
March 6, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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