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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792901/identification-and-functional-characterization-including-cytokine-production-modulation-of-the-novel-chicken-interleukin-11
#1
Anh Duc Truong, Yeojin Hong, Deivendran Rengaraj, Janggeun Lee, Kyungbaek Lee, Yeong Ho Hong
Interleukin (IL)-11 plays an important role in the immune system. However, IL-11 has not yet been characterized in avian species, including chickens. This study is the first to clone and functionally characterize chicken IL-11 (chIL-11). Multiple alignments and phylogenetic tree comparisons of chIL-11 with IL-11 proteins from other species revealed high levels of conservation and a close relationship between chicken and Japanese quail IL-11. Our results demonstrate that chIL-11 was a functional ligand of IL-11RA and IL-6ST in chicken HD11 and OU2 cell lines, as well as activated and regulated JAK-STAT, NF-κB, PI3K/AKT, and MAPK signaling pathways in chicken cell lines...
May 21, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792776/prevalence-of-inadequate-immunity-to-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-in-mlb-and-nba-athletes
#2
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Daphne I Ling, Nicole T Boniquit, Lisa R Callahan, James J Kinderknecht
BACKGROUND: Multiple outbreaks of vaccine-preventable viral diseases have occurred in professional sports in recent years. Currently, there is no established protocol for vaccination or immunity screening for professional athletes. HYPOTHESIS: There are significant differences in the prevalence of inadequate immunity dependent on age, sport, country of birth, and participation in collegiate sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#3
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791946/global-health-pediatric-neurology
#4
David R Bearden, Ornella Ciccone, Archana A Patel
Neurologic disorders contribute significantly to both morbidity and mortality among children in resource-limited settings, but there are a few succinct studies summarizing the epidemiology of neurologic disorders in these settings. A review of available literature was performed to identify data on the prevalence, etiology, outcomes, and treatment of neurologic disorders in children in resource-limited settings. The burden of neurologic disorders in children is high in resource-limited settings. Barriers to optimal care include lack of trained personnel, limited access to diagnostic technology, and limited availability of drugs used to treat common conditions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791555/who-are-the-patients-with-tuberculosis-who-are-diagnosed-in-emergency-facilities-an-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Otavio Tavares Ranzani, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Eliseu Alves Waldman, Elena Prina, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Early tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment are determinants of better outcomes and effective disease control. Although tuberculosis should ideally be managed in a primary care setting, a proportion of patients are diagnosed in emergency facilities (EFs). We sought to describe patient characteristics by place of tuberculosis diagnosis and determine whether the place of diagnosis is associated with treatment outcomes. A secondary objective was to determine whether municipal indicators are associated with the probability of tuberculosis diagnosis in EFs...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791509/health-outcomes-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-multimodal-intervention-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-three-year-follow-up
#6
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland, Emily J Hadgkiss, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Modifiable risk factors such as smoking and sedentary lifestyle adversely affect multiple sclerosis (MS) progression. Few multimodal behavioural interventions have been conducted for people with MS, and follow-up beyond 1 year is rare for lifestyle interventions. This study assessed adoption and adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes 3 years after a lifestyle modification intervention, using generalized estimating equation models to account for within-participant correlation over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791438/identity-by-descent-analyses-for-measuring-population-dynamics-and-selection-in-recombining-pathogens
#7
Lyndal Henden, Stuart Lee, Ivo Mueller, Alyssa Barry, Melanie Bahlo
Identification of genomic regions that are identical by descent (IBD) has proven useful for human genetic studies where analyses have led to the discovery of familial relatedness and fine-mapping of disease critical regions. Unfortunately however, IBD analyses have been underutilized in analysis of other organisms, including human pathogens. This is in part due to the lack of statistical methodologies for non-diploid genomes in addition to the added complexity of multiclonal infections. As such, we have developed an IBD methodology, called isoRelate, for analysis of haploid recombining microorganisms in the presence of multiclonal infections...
May 23, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791259/a-pragmatic-trial-of-e-cigarettes-incentives-and-drugs-for-smoking-cessation
#8
Scott D Halpern, Michael O Harhay, Kathryn Saulsgiver, Christine Brophy, Andrea B Troxel, Kevin G Volpp
Background Whether financial incentives, pharmacologic therapies, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) promote smoking cessation among unselected smokers is unknown. Methods We randomly assigned smokers employed by 54 companies to one of four smoking-cessation interventions or to usual care. Usual care consisted of access to information regarding the benefits of smoking cessation and to a motivational text-messaging service. The four interventions consisted of usual care plus one of the following: free cessation aids (nicotine-replacement therapy or pharmacotherapy, with e-cigarettes if standard therapies failed); free e-cigarettes, without a requirement that standard therapies had been tried; free cessation aids plus $600 in rewards for sustained abstinence; or free cessation aids plus $600 in redeemable funds, deposited in a separate account for each participant, with money removed from the account if cessation milestones were not met...
May 23, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790612/split-axilla-comparison-study-of-0-5-mhz-invasive-bipolar-radiofrequency-treatment-using-insulated-microneedle-electrodes-for-primary-axillary-hyperhidrosis
#9
S B Cho, J Park, Z Zheng, K H Yoo, H Kim
BACKGROUND: Energy-delivering devices can be used to induce thermal coagulation of the eccrine sweat glands for treating primary axillary hyperhidrosis (PAH). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of invasive, bipolar radiofrequency (RF) treatment for PAH. METHODS: A split-axilla study was performed to compare the clinical outcomes of 0.5 MHz, invasive, bipolar RF treatment with treatment settings of a longer conduction time and lower power (LC/LP) vs a shorter conduction time and higher power (SC/HP) for treating PAH...
May 23, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790375/trifecta-outcomes-in-multifocal-tumors-a-comparison-between-robotic-and-open-partial-nephrectomy
#10
Nitin Yerram, Julien Dagenais, Darren Bryk, Naveen Nandanan, Matthew Joseph Maurice, Pascal Mouracade, Önder Kara, Jihad Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To report a comparative analysis of outcomes in patients who underwent multiple excisions for unilateral, synchronous, multifocal renal tumors using both open and robotic approaches. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 patients who underwent robotic and open partial nephrectomy and had multiple tumor excisions in an ipsilateral kidney. "Trifecta" was defined as negative surgical margins, no urologic complications, and a GFR preservation of >90% at last follow-up...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790333/autonomous-scanning-probe-microscopy-in-situ-tip-conditioning-through-machine-learning
#11
Mohammad Rashidi, Robert A Wolkow
Atomic-scale characterization and manipulation with scanning probe microscopy rely upon the use of an atomically sharp probe. Here we present automated methods based on machine learning to automatically detect and recondition the quality of the probe of a scanning tunneling microscope. As a model system, we employ these techniques on the technologically relevant hydrogen-terminated silicon surface, training the network to recognize abnormalities in the appearance of surface dangling bonds. Of the machine learning methods tested, a convolutional neural network yielded the greatest accuracy, achieving a positive identification of degraded tips in 97% of the test cases...
May 23, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#12
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790051/probabilistic-risk-based-pollution-prevention-model-for-a-foundry-a-case-study-of-casting
#13
Souad Ahmed Benromdhane
Hazardous air pollutants from industrial activities have long been associated with serious health effects. Traditional health risk assessment uses point estimates of inhalation concentrations based on standard Gaussian diffusion models with steady-state emission rate assumptions. This traditional approach was criticized because it does not account for variability and thus leading to a potential overestimate of the health risk from the batch processes. To overcome this deficiency, a probabilistic risk assessment model is proposed...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789882/rapid-development-of-stable-transgene-cho-cell-lines-by-crispr-cas9-mediated-site-specific-integration-into-c12orf35
#14
Menglin Zhao, Jiaxian Wang, Manyu Luo, Han Luo, Meiqi Zhao, Lei Han, Mengxiao Zhang, Hui Yang, Yueqing Xie, Hua Jiang, Lei Feng, Huili Lu, Jianwei Zhu
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are the most widely used mammalian hosts for recombinant protein production. However, by conventional random integration strategy, development of a high-expressing and stable recombinant CHO cell line has always been a difficult task due to the heterogenic insertion and its caused requirement of multiple rounds of selection. Site-specific integration of transgenes into CHO hot spots is an ideal strategy to overcome these challenges since it can generate isogenic cell lines with consistent productivity and stability...
May 22, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789868/three-dimensional-imaging-in-rhinoplasty-a-comparison-of-the-simulated-versus-actual-result
#15
Sarah Persing, Andrew Timberlake, Sarika Madari, Derek Steinbacher
PURPOSE: Computer imaging has become increasingly popular for rhinoplasty. Three-dimensional (3D) analysis permits a more comprehensive view from multiple vantage points. However, the predictability and concordance between the simulated and actual result have not been morphometrically studied. The purpose of this study was to aesthetically and quantitatively compare the simulated to actual rhinoplasty result. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3D images (VECTRA, Canfield) for rhinoplasty patients was performed...
May 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788969/psychosocial-predictors-for-outcome-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparison-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel, Sefik Tagay
BACKGROUND: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788185/cyclophosphamide-induced-disruptions-to-appetitive-qualities-and-detection-thresholds-of-nacl-comparison-of-single-dose-and-dose-fractionation-effects
#17
Benjamin C Jewkes, Michael G Gomella, Evan T Lowry, Joy A Benner, Eugene R Delay
Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer, however a side effect is often altered taste. This study examined how cyclophosphamide, a chemotherapy drug, affects salt taste in mice. Based on previous findings, it was predicted that cyclophosphamide-induced disruptions in salt taste would be observed near days 2-4, 8-12, and 22-24 days post treatment, and that multiple, smaller doses would cause more severe disruptions to taste. To test these predictions, two experiments were performed, one using brief access testing to measure appetitive qualities, and another using operant conditioning to measure detection thresholds...
May 19, 2018: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788129/mtm-align-a-server-for-fast-protein-structure-database-search-and-multiple-protein-structure-alignment
#18
Runze Dong, Shuo Pan, Zhenling Peng, Yang Zhang, Jianyi Yang
With the rapid increase of the number of protein structures in the Protein Data Bank, it becomes urgent to develop algorithms for efficient protein structure comparisons. In this article, we present the mTM-align server, which consists of two closely related modules: one for structure database search and the other for multiple structure alignment. The database search is speeded up based on a heuristic algorithm and a hierarchical organization of the structures in the database. The multiple structure alignment is performed using the recently developed algorithm mTM-align...
May 21, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787865/a-comparison-of-three-fiber-tract-delineation-methods-and-their-impact-on-white-matter-analysis
#19
Valerie J Sydnor, Ana María Rivas-Grajales, Amanda E Lyall, Fan Zhang, Sylvain Bouix, Sarina Karmacharya, Martha E Shenton, Carl-Fredrik Westin, Nikos Makris, Demian Wassermann, Lauren J O'Donnell, Marek Kubicki
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) is an important method for studying white matter connectivity in the brain in vivo in both healthy and clinical populations. Improvements in dMRI tractography algorithms, which reconstruct macroscopic three-dimensional white matter fiber pathways, have allowed for methodological advances in the study of white matter; however, insufficient attention has been paid to comparing post-tractography methods that extract white matter fiber tracts of interest from whole-brain tractography...
May 19, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787485/the-effect-of-contact-lens-wear-on-the-cellular-morphology-of-the-lid-wiper-area
#20
Waleed M Alghamdi, Maria Markoulli, Eric B Papas
SIGNIFICANCE: This cross-sectional study presented a link between contact lens wear and changes on the cellular morphology characteristics of the lid wiper (LW) epithelium, which was not visible by LW staining. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish if the duration of contact lens (CL) wear affects the cellular morphology of the LW epithelium. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 individuals with different exposures to CL wear: short, moderate, and long experience of CL wear; previous CL wearers; and nonwearers (NWs) as controls...
May 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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