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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#1
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078919/cultural-competence-in-medical-education-a-questionnaire-study-of-danish-medical-teachers-perceptions-of-and-preparedness-to-teach-cultural-competence
#2
Janne Sorensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Marie Norredam, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: The cultural competence training of healthcare professionals is a key element in ensuring the quality of both the access and delivery of healthcare to increasingly ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study is to investigate Danish medical teachers' opinions about cultural competence, their willingness to receive training and preparedness to teach cultural competence topics. METHODS: The survey was sent to medical teachers, clinical teachers and external lecturers who teach in the medical programme at the University of Copenhagen...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077428/reproductive-experiences-of-women-who-cryopreserved-oocytes-for-non-medical-reasons
#3
Karin Hammarberg, Maggie Kirkman, Natasha Pritchard, Martha Hickey, Michelle Peate, John McBain, Franca Agresta, Chris Bayly, Jane Fisher
STUDY QUESTION: What are the reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserve oocytes for non-medical reasons? SUMMARY ANSWER: One in three women had been pregnant at some stage in their lives and while most still wanted to have a child or another child, very few had used their stored oocytes, predominantly because they did not want to be single parents. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The number of healthy women who freeze oocytes to avoid age-related infertility is increasing...
January 6, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076589/time-volunteered-on-community-health-activities-by-brigadistas-in-nicaragua
#4
Meredith Adamo, Dixmer Rivera, Rashed Shah, Jeanne Koepsell, Leonel Martínez, Justo Pastor Ortiz, Carlos José Jarquín Navarrete, David R Marsh
Objective: To report on how brigadistas ("health brigadiers") in Nicaragua volunteer their time before the introduction of expanded responsibilities (beyond the scope of integrated community case management (iCCM)) for sick children 2-59 months old. Methods: Three complete teams of brigadistas (n = 12 brigadistas total) were selected from remote communities in the department of Matagalpa. Each respondent brigadista was interviewed privately regarding the frequency and duration (i...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068981/factors-affecting-evidence-use-in-food-policy-making-processes-in-health-and-agriculture-in-fiji
#5
Gade Waqa, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the use of evidence to inform policy-making in the Pacific. This study aims to identify and describe factors that facilitate or limit the use of evidence in food-related policy-making in the Health and Agriculture Ministries in Fiji. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with selected policy-makers in two government ministries that were instrumental in the development of food-related policies in Fiji designed to prevent Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056690/2016-guidelines-of-the-american-thyroid-association-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum
#6
Erik K Alexander, Elizabeth N Pearce, Gregory A Brent, Rosalind S Brown, Herbert Chen, Chrysoula Dosiou, William Grobman, Peter Laurberg, John H Lazarus, Susan J Mandel, Robin Peeters, Scott Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease in pregnancy is a common clinical problem. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were first published in 2011, significant clinical and scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease in women during pregnancy, preconception and the postpartum period...
January 6, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#7
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#8
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046896/th-c-204-01-vision-for-medical-physics-and-status-of-current-initiatives
#9
J Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046238/th-c-204-02-improving-manuscript-quality-via-structured-reviews-enhanced-scientific-category-taxonomy-and-outreach
#10
S Das
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043715/patients-learning-and-understanding-during-their-breast-cancer-trajectory
#11
Lena Engqvist Boman, Kerstin Sandelin, Yvonne Wengström, Charlotte Silén
OBJECTIVE: To explore how women learn and understand their disease, treatment, care, and life-situation during a breast cancer trajectory. METHOD: Semi-structured individual interviews were performed with 16 women suffering from breast cancer. Qualitative content analysis of data was performed. RESULTS: Three themes describe the women's learning; Interacting with a diversity of information: women interact with a vast amount of information, including perceptions of bodily sensations and events...
December 23, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
October 28, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#13
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027015/caring-for-individuals-with-chronic-illness-and-minor-depression-latino-perceptions-of-caregiver-burden
#14
Jaime Corvin, Isabella Chan, Ann Tezak, Kelly Carpenter, Claudia Aguado Loi, Junius Gonzales, Ismael Hoare
While informal caregiving can be fundamental to disease management, the burden experienced by caregivers, including psychosocial, physical, and financial stress, cannot be overlooked. Moreover, studies suggest that higher levels of stressors may exist among ethnic minorities. In the US, Latinos are burdened with increasing rates of chronic conditions and have the highest uninsured rates in the country. Moreover, the rapid growth of the Latino community coupled with the aging of the population may place increased stress on the health care system, including health care providers and social workers, as well as informal caregivers, from whom Latinos with chronic conditions often receive support...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005551/outcomes-and-impact-of-training-and-development-in-health-management-and-leadership-in-relation-to-competence-in-role-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Nicola North, Katharine Ann Wallis, Zhanming Liang, Annette Dunham
BACKGROUND: The need for competence training and development in health management and leadership workforces has been emphasised. However, evidence of the outcomes and impact of such training and development has not been systematically assessed. The aim of this review is to synthesise the available evidence of the outcomes and impact of training and development in relation to the competence of health management and leadership workforces. This is with a view to enhancing the development of evidence-informed programmes to improve competence...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001332/patients-experiences-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-at-home-for-the-treatment-of-deep-perivascular-groin-infection-after-vascular-surgery
#16
Christina Monsen, Stefan Acosta, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences of negative pressure wound therapy at home, in patients with deep perivascular groin infection after vascular surgery and management in daily life. BACKGROUND: Deep surgical site infection after vascular surgery with exposed vessels often requires long-term treatment with negative pressure wound therapy, and continued therapy at home has become routine. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study. METHODS: Nine men and six women with a deep surgical site infection in the groin after vascular surgery, treated in their home with negative pressure wound therapy, were interviewed...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994000/the-natural-history-of-endometrial-polyps
#17
M Wong, B Crnobrnja, V Liberale, K Dharmarajah, M Widschwendter, D Jurkovic
STUDY QUESTION: What is the natural history of endometrial polyps in women who are managed expectantly? SUMMARY ANSWER: The growth rates of expectantly managed polyps vary considerably and cannot be accurately predicted. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The majority of polyps detected on ultrasound are treated surgically, and therefore little is known about their natural history. Some polyps have been reported to regress spontaneously without the need for treatment; however, the factors predictive of regression are unknown...
December 18, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993999/natural-conception-repeated-predictions-over-time
#18
R van Eekelen, I Scholten, R I Tjon-Kon-Fat, J W van der Steeg, P Steures, P Hompes, M van Wely, F van der Veen, B W Mol, M J Eijkemans, E R Te Velde, N van Geloven
STUDY QUESTION: How can we predict chances of natural conception at various time points in couples diagnosed with unexplained subfertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: We developed a dynamic prediction model that can make repeated predictions over time for couples with unexplained subfertility that underwent a fertility workup at a fertility clinic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The most frequently used prediction model for natural conception (the 'Hunault model') estimates the probability of natural conception only once per couple, that is, after completion of the fertility workup...
December 18, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991730/european-pain-federation-position-paper-on-appropriate-opioid-use-in-chronic-pain-management
#19
T O'Brien, L L Christrup, A M Drewes, M T Fallon, H G Kress, H J McQuay, G Mikus, B J Morlion, J Perez-Cajaraville, E Pogatzki-Zahn, G Varrassi, J C D Wells
: Poorly controlled pain is a global public health issue. The personal, familial and societal costs are immeasurable. Only a minority of European patients have access to a comprehensive specialist pain clinic. More commonly the responsibility for chronic pain management and initiating opioid therapy rests with the primary care physician and other non-specialist opioid prescribers. There is much confusing and conflicting information available to non-specialist prescribers regarding opioid therapy and a great deal of unjustified fear is generated...
January 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984407/organizational-characteristics-associated-with-the-provision-of-cultural-competency-training-in-home-and-hospice-care-agencies
#20
Azza AbuDagga, Robert Weech-Maldonado, Fang Tian
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing interest in community-based health care, little information exists on cultural competency training (CCT) and its predictors in this setting. PURPOSE: We examined the associations between six organizational characteristics and the provision of CCT in home health care and hospice agencies. METHODOLOGY: We used cross-sectional data from the agency component of the 2007 National Home and Hospice Care Survey. The CCT provision composite was composed of three items: whether the agency provides mandatory cultural training to understand cultural differences/beliefs that may affect delivery of services to (a) all administrators, clerical, and management staff; (b) all direct service providers; and (c) all volunteers...
December 15, 2016: Health Care Management Review
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