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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414673/purulent-pericarditis-due-to-an-infected-pacemaker-lead
#1
Teresa Backes
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413855/frequency-of-pacemaker-malfunction-associated-with-monopolar-electrosurgery-during-pulse-generator-replacement-or-upgrade-surgery
#2
Yun Lin, Daniel P Melby, Balaji Krishnan, Selcuk Adabag, Venkatakrishna Tholakanahalli, Jian-Ming Li
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of electrosurgery-related pacemaker malfunction. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to investigate electrosurgery-related pacemaker malfunction in consecutive patients undergoing pulse generator (PG) replacement or upgrade from two large hospitals in Minneapolis, MN between January 2011 and January 2014. The occurrence of this pacemaker malfunction was then studied by using MAUDE database for all four major device vendors...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407126/mitral-valve-replacement-in-severely-calcified-mitral-valve-annulus-a-10-year-experience
#3
Kareem Salhiyyah, Hassan Kattach, Ahmed Ashoub, Diana Patrick, Szabolcs Miskolczi, Geoffrey Tsang, Sunil K Ohri, Clifford W Barlow, Theodore Velissaris, Steve Livesey
OBJECTIVES: Severe calcification in the mitral valve annulus is a challenging problem during mitral valve surgery. We describe our experience with mitral valve replacement in severely calcified mitral valve without decalcification of the annulus. METHODS: Between April 2001 and July 2011, 61 patients underwent mitral valve replacement with severe mitral annulus calcification without decalcification of the annulus. This retrospective study was performed to assess the surgical and the long-term postoperative outcomes in this group...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385377/the-effects-of-modification-to-lateral-tunnel-fontan-procedure-for-prophylactic-arrhythmia-surgery
#4
Hong-Gook Lim, Jeong Ryul Lee, Yong Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Refractory atrial arrhythmias and hemodynamic abnormalities are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality after the Fontan operation. We evaluated the long-term feasibility, safety, and efficacy of prophylactic atrial arrhythmia surgery performed concomitantly with the lateral tunnel Fontan operation. METHODS: From 1997 August to 2003 December, 27 patients underwent a initial lateral tunnel Fontan with an interventional atrial incision and cryoablation from the atriotomy to the coronary sinus and right atrioventricular valve annulus...
April 3, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382803/impact-of-previous-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-systematic-review
#5
Sharaf-Eldin Shehada, Yacine Elhmidi, Nazan Puluca, Öznur Öztürk, Ender Demircioglu, Daniel Wendt, Heinz Jakob, Matthias Thielmann
INTRODUCTION: Redo surgical aortic valve replacement after prior cardiac surgery is usually related to a higher risk of mortality and morbidity. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) became an alternative therapy for those patients in the past couple of years. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We aimed in this study to analyze the outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI after a prior cardiac surgery especially those who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to see if TAVI offers any advantages for those patients than conventional surgical aortic valve replacement...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374329/the-prevalence-of-tandem-spinal-stenosis-and-its-characteristics-in-a-population-based-mri-study-the-wakayama-spine-study
#6
Keiji Nagata, Noriko Yoshimura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Yuyu Ishimoto, Shigeyuki Muraki, Hiroshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Oka, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Toru Akune, Sakae Tanaka, Kozo Nakamura, Munehito Yoshida
PURPOSE: Tandem spinal stenosis (TSS) is a condition of combined spinal stenosis in the cervical and lumbar regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of radiographic TSS and its association with developmental canal stenosis (DCS). The second purpose was to investigate the extent to which radiographic TSS is associated with cervical myelopathy and symptomatic LSS. METHODS: We recruited 1011 (336 men and 675 women) participants in this population-based study...
April 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369968/asystole-during-pacemaker-magnet-application
#7
James E Ip, Todd J Liu, Carol L Chen, Bruce B Lerman
Pacemaker magnet application during surgery for patients who are pacemaker-dependent is often utilized to avoid peri-operative inhibition from electromagnetic interference. We present a case during which such routine magnet use resulted in an unexpected response and discuss the limitations and nuances of this common practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 31, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369303/transaortic-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-as-a-first-line-choice-or-as-a-last-resort-an-analysis-based-on-the-route-registry
#8
Nikolaos Bonaros, Rainer Petzina, Riccardo Cocchieri, Dariusz Jagielak, Marco Aiello, Joel Lapeze, Mika Laine, Sidney Chocron, Douglas Muir, Walter Eichinger, Matthias Thielmann, Louis Labrousse, Vinayak Bapat, Kjell Arne Rein, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Gino Gerosa, Hardy Baumbach, Markus Kofler, Peter Bramlage, Cornelia Deutsch, Martin Thoenes, Derk Frank, Mauro Romano
OBJECTIVES: Transaortic transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAo-TAVI) is a recently developed alternative to transapical (TA) or transfemoral (TF) TAVI. We aimed to analyse the effectiveness and safety of TAo-TAVI as a first line approach and to compare it to patients receiving TAo-TAVI as a last resort, which is current practice. METHODS: ROUTE is a prospective, multicentre registry to assess the clinical outcomes of TAo-TAVI. Patients without contraindications for TA- and TF-TAVI (TAo-first) were compared to patients with contraindications for both of these access routes (TAo-last)...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369234/postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-following-cardiac-surgery-a-persistent-complication
#9
Jason W Greenberg, Timothy S Lancaster, Richard B Schuessler, Spencer J Melby
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common, expensive and potentially morbid complication following cardiac surgery. POAF occurs in around 35% of cardiac surgery cases and has a peak incidence on postoperative day 2. Patients who develop POAF incur on average $10 000-$20 000 in additional hospital treatment costs, 12-24 h of prolonged ICU time, and an additional 2 to 5 days in the hospital. POAF has been identified as an independent predictor of numerous adverse outcomes, including a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of stroke, reoperation for bleeding, infection, renal or respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, cerebral complications, need for permanent pacemaker placement, and a 2-fold increase in all-cause 30-day and 6-month mortality...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348805/a-cardiac-implantable-device-infection-by-raoultella-planticola-in-an-immunocompromized-patient
#10
Chandra Adjodah, Chistophe D'Ivernois, David Leyssene, Jean-Baptiste Berneau, Yann Hemery
Introduction. Infection of cardiac implantable electronic devices is a severe condition associated with high mortality, particularly in patients who are dependent upon heart-pacing devices. Staphylococci are found in 70 % of reported cases. Case presentation. We report the case of a cardiac-pacemaker infection in a 79-year-old man, cumulating a history of rheumatoid arthritis treated by corticosteroids and methotrexate by a recently identified micro-organism: Raoultella planticola. He presented local signs of infection on his VVI pacemaker implantation site and underwent urgent pocket device replacement under cefamandole antibioprophylaxis...
February 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329292/surgical-septal-myectomy-or-alcohol-septal-ablation-which-approach-offers-better-outcomes-for-patients-with-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#11
Shi Sum Poon, Mark Field, Dhiraj Gupta, Duke Cameron
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether surgical septal myectomy (SM) is more beneficial than alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Altogether 218 articles were found using the reported search, of which 15 studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. There were 14 observational studies and 1 meta-analysis study. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these articles are tabulated...
February 28, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304219/surgical-or-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-intermediate-risk-patients
#12
Michael J Reardon, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Jeffrey J Popma, Neal S Kleiman, Lars Søndergaard, Mubashir Mumtaz, David H Adams, G Michael Deeb, Brijeshwar Maini, Hemal Gada, Stanley Chetcuti, Thomas Gleason, John Heiser, Rüdiger Lange, William Merhi, Jae K Oh, Peter S Olsen, Nicolo Piazza, Mathew Williams, Stephan Windecker, Steven J Yakubov, Eberhard Grube, Raj Makkar, Joon S Lee, John Conte, Eric Vang, Hang Nguyen, Yanping Chang, Andrew S Mugglin, Patrick W J C Serruys, Arie P Kappetein
Background Although transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) is an accepted alternative to surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high surgical risk, less is known about comparative outcomes among patients with aortic stenosis who are at intermediate surgical risk. Methods We evaluated the clinical outcomes in intermediate-risk patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis in a randomized trial comparing TAVR (performed with the use of a self-expanding prosthesis) with surgical aortic-valve replacement...
April 6, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290164/risk-factors-for-permanent-pacemaker-after-implantation-of-surgical-or-percutaneous-self-expanding-aortic-prostheses
#13
Emmanuel Villa, Alberto Clerici, Antonio Messina, Luca Testa, Francesco Bedogni, Andrea Moneta, Francesco Donatelli, Giovanni Troise
BACKGROUND: The use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) following the introduction of Nitinol autoexpandable devices has spread rapidly during recent years. In addition, cardiac surgery has been revolutionized due to the use of Nitinol-based sutureless prostheses for aortic valve replacement (AVR). During the same period, however, permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation has emerged as a frequent complication. The study aim was to identify the risk factors of PPM following the implantation of a Nitinol self-expanding prosthesis (for AVR or TAVI)...
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277896/resource-utilization-and-procedure-related-costs-associated-with-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#14
Holger Klein, Jana Boleckova
AIMS: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative to surgical valve replacement for patients with aortic stenosis (AS). This study assessed the impact of changing from a self-expandable (SE) valve to a balloon-expandable (BE) valve on healthcare resource use and procedural costs in a population of inoperable AS patients. METHODS: In this retrospective single center study, data for 195 patients who received either an SE or a BE valve between 2010 and 2014 were collected...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275421/treating-a-structural-heart-disease-using-a-non-structural-approach-role-of-cardiac-pacing-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Bernard Benjamin P Albano, Erdie C Fadreguilan, Jeffrey M Chua, James Ho, Ana Beatriz Medrano
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease characterized by a thickened non-dilated ventricle in the absence of another cardiac or systemic condition. Its most important hemodynamic consequence is left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. The primary management strategy of this condition is surgical septal myectomy, but an acceptable alternative treatment in patients who are not suitable for (or who refuse) surgery is alcohol septal ablation (ASA). However, in patients with unfavorable coronary anatomy which precludes ASA (i...
February 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274955/physical-activity-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-associations-with-functional-outcomes
#16
Jan Müller, Tamara Amberger, Anika Berg, Daniel Goeder, Julia Remmele, Renate Oberhoffer, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager
OBJECTIVE: Improved survival has yielded to growing importance of functional outcome measures in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study applied the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to assess self-reported physical activity (PA) in patients with CHD and their association with exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HrQoL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prior to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), 786 consecutive patients (335 female, 31...
March 8, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271152/arrhythmias-after-fontan-operation-with-intra-atrial-lateral-tunnel-versus-extra-cardiac-conduit-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Dongxu Li, Qiang Fan, Yasutaka Hirata, Minoru Ono, Qi An
Current studies on the incidence of arrhythmias after the intra-atrial lateral tunnel (ILT) Fontan operation and the extra-cardiac conduit (ECC) Fontan operation are limited, with controversial results. This systematic review aimed to compare the prevalence of arrhythmias in patients who underwent ECC or ILT Fontan. Relevant studies comparing the incidence of arrhythmias and pacemaker implantation in ILT with ECC were identified through a literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the cochrane central register of controlled trials...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268951/interventional-placement-of-thin-coil-shaped-implants-powered-wirelessly-for-monitoring-vital-signals-and-controlling-abnormal-activities-by-electro-stimulation
#18
Hidetoshi Ohta, Masanobu Honda, Makoto Takamiya
Various types of implants are being commonly used for monitoring vital signals and controlling the critically ill patient's condition such as arrhythmia, sick sinus syndrome, etc. For implanting these medical devices under the skin, surgery is inevitable. These days many patients are more willing to accept interventional therapies that are less invasive, especially inserting a catheter into a blood vessel or endoscopy through a natural orifice. To be able to use interventional therapy for implanting medical devices, they will need to be small enough to fit them through a catheter or the forceps channel of an endoscope...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250283/characteristics-and-prognosis-of-pacemaker-identified-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-japanese-people
#19
Yutaka Ogino, Toshiyuki Ishikawa, Tomoaki Ishigami, Katsumi Matsumoto, Junya Hosoda, Kouhei Iguchi, Hirooki Matsushita, Yuka Taguchi, Yoriko Horiguchi, Kazuo Kimura
BACKGROUND: The characteristics and prognosis of implanted pacemaker-identified new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese people has not been well evaluated.Methods and Results:A total of 395 consecutive patients with newly implanted pacemakers were retrospectively analyzed between January 2010 and December 2015 at Yokohama City University Hospital. Patients with a prior history of AF, VVI mode pacemaker, congenital heart disease, severe valvular heart disease, and cardiovascular surgery before pacemaker implantation were excluded...
March 1, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248410/low-permanent-pacemaker-rates-following-lotus-device-implantation-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-due-to-modified-implantation-protocol
#20
Florian Krackhardt, Behrouz Kherad, Maximilian Krisper, Burkert Pieske, Michael Laule, Carsten Tschöpe
BACKGROUND: Conduction disturbances requiring permanent pacemaker implantation following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are a common problem. Pacemaker implantation rates after TAVR appear to be higher compared to conventional aortic valve replacement. The aim of this study was to analyze whether a high annulus implantation conveys the benefit of a decreased rate of permanent pacemaker implantation while being safe and successful according to VAR2-criteria. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis, an aortic annulus of 19-27mm and at high risk for surgery were treated with the Lotus valve...
March 1, 2017: Cardiology Journal
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