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glycogen,ethanol,extract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884717/activity-based-evaluation-of-a-traditional-ayurvedic-medicinal-plant-saraca-asoca-roxb-de-wilde-flowers-as-estrogenic-agents-using-ovariectomized-rat-model
#1
Gauri Swar, Sunita Shailajan, Sasikumar Menon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde, Ashok, is a popular traditional plant used for gynecological disorders. In India, the juice of Ashok flowers is traditionally consumed as a tonic by women in case of uterine disorders. But despite the use, its estrogenic potency is not yet evaluated and thus lacks the scientific recognition and acclaim. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is designed to investigate the estrogenic potential of standardized ethanolic extract of Saraca asoca flowers (SAF) using ovariectomized (OVX) female albino Wistar rat model...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831639/improvement-of-the-classical-assay-method-for-liver-glycogen-fractions-asg-is-the-main-and-metabolic-active-fraction
#2
H Shokri-Afra, A Ostovar-Ravari, M Rasouli
OBJECTIVE: Acid digestion of animal tissues yields two fractions of glycogen, acid soluble (ASG) and insoluble (AIG). The current study was performed to improve the assay method for glycogen fractions in rat liver in different physiological states. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All steps of the assay were manipulated and optimized to measure the content of ASG and AIG in fed and starved rat liver. RESULTS: In postmortem liver tissue, total glycogen was decreased slowly at 4°C and rapidly at 25°C but was well stabilized at -20°C and -70°C...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783320/lignans-rich-extract-from-herpetospermum-caudigerum-alleviate-physical-fatigue-in-mice
#3
Shi-Ying Jin, Rui-Sheng Li, Bao-de Shen, Jin-Xia Bai, Ping-Hua Xu, Ling Dai, He Xu, Shi-Xiao Jin, Jin Han, Hai-Long Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain anti-fatigue constituents and mechanisms of Herpetospermum caudigerum. METHODS: The 80% ethanol extracts of Herpetospermum caudigerum were partitioned with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, respectively. Male Kunming mice were divided into 13 groups with 16 mice in each group: a control group fed with water, 9 groups treated with 3 fractions of Herpetospermum caudigerum (chloroform fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and n-butanol fraction) at dose of 80, 160 and 320 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group, 3 herpetrione (HPE) treated groups fed with HPE at dose of 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711824/the-effect-of-a-plant-extract-enriched-in-stigmasterol-and-%C3%AE-sitosterol-on-glycaemic-status-and-glucose-metabolism-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#4
Ramith Ramu, Prithvi S Shirahatti, Shivasharanappa Nayakavadi, Vadivelan R, Farhan Zameer, Bhadrapura Lakkappa Dhananjaya, Nagendra Prasad Mn
Banana is an extensively cultivated plant worldwide, mainly for its fruit, while its ancillary product, the banana pseudostem, is consumed as a vegetable and is highly recommended for diabetics in the traditional Indian medicine system. The present study was aimed at elucidating the mechanism of antihyperglycaemia exerted by the ethanol extract of banana pseudostem (EE) and its isolated compounds viz., stigmasterol (C1) and β-sitosterol (C2), in an alloxan-induced diabetic rat model. Diabetic rats which were administered with C1, C2 and EE (100 and 200 mg per kg b...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696957/effect-of-ethanol-extract-of-canavalia-gladiata-on-endurance-swimming-capacity-in-mice
#5
Beomjeong Kim, Jeongjin Park, Ho-Geun Yoon, Kyung-Chul Choi, Kyungmi Kim, Jeongmin Lee, Jin Woong Chung, Sangin Shim, Yanghee You, Woojin Jun
The effects of Canavalia gladiata ethanolic extract on endurance swimming capacity were evaluated in a mouse model. The mice were orally administered distilled water (CON), hot water extract (CGW), or 80% ethanol extract (CGE). The swimming time to exhaustion was significantly prolonged in the CGE group. Of the three groups, the CGE showed the lowest blood lactate and the highest nonesterified fatty acid and muscle glycogen levels. These results suggest that the administration of CGE could improve endurance swimming capacity by enhancing lipid catabolism and thereby preserving glycogen stores...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605735/suppression-of-type-ii-diabetes-with-dyslipidemia-and-nephropathy-by-peels-of-musa-cavendish-fruit
#6
Vijay Navghare, Shashikant Dhawale
Musa cavendish, peels has local and traditional use to promote wound healing, hyperglycemia, ulceration etc. The present work investigated the lipid lowering; nephroprotective and glucose lowering properties of ethanolic extract of peels of Musa cavendish (EMC) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The EMC 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day and the vehicle were administered orally to alloxan-induced diabetic rats (n = 6) for 3 weeks. Changes in plasma glucose, lipid profile along with kidney function before and after treatment with EMC were recorded...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601853/antifatigue-effects-of-ethanol-extracts-and-polysaccharides-isolated-from-abelmoschus-esculentus
#7
Yu-Xian Li, Zhong-Han Yang, Yin Lin, Wei Han, Shan-Shan Jia, Ke Yuan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the antifatigue active fraction from Abelmoschus esculentus. The in vivo antifatigue effects of ethanol extracts and polysaccharides from A. esculentus fruit have been determined. The polysaccharides of A. esculentus were determined as the best effective fractions of antifatigue effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 360 Kunming male mice were randomly divided into nine subgroups: normal control subgroup, model subgroup, positive subgroup and the ethanol extracts of A...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538464/antidiabetic-antihyperlipidemic-and-antioxidant-properties-of-ethanol-extract-of-grewia-asiatica-linn-bark-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#8
Naznin Ara Khatune, Bytul Mokaddesur Rahman, Ranjan Kumar Barman, Mir Imam Ibne Wahed
BACKGROUND: Inspite of introduction of oral hypoglycemic agents, diabetes and its related complications remains to be a major clinical problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant activities of Grewia asiatica (Linn) stem bark in alloxan induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetes was induced by a single dose of intraperitoneal injection of alloxan (110 mg/kg) in Norwegian Long Evans rats. Ethanol extract of barks from Grewia asiatica (GAE 200 and 400 mg/kg) and metformin (150 mg/kg) were orally administered once daily for 15 days...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497636/protective-effects-of-the-roots-of-angelica-sinensis-on-strenuous-exercise-induced-sports-anemia-in-rats
#9
Chih-Wei Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chi-Chang Huang, Yu-Tse Wu, Mei-Chich Hsu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sports anemia is a persistent and severe problem in athletes owing to strenuous exercise-induced oxidative stress and hepcidin upregulation. The roots of Angelica sinensis (AS), a familiar traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for replenishing blood since antiquity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of ethanolic AS extract in a 4-week study on sports anemia in female Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce anemia, a strenuous exercise protocol consisting of running and swimming was employed with increasing intensity...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449700/protective-effects-of-ethanolic-extract-of-rosemary-against-lead-induced-hepato-renal-damage-in-rabbits
#10
Wafaa A M Mohamed, Yasmina M Abd-Elhakim, Sameh M Farouk
In traditional medicine, Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaf is used as a curative herbal therapy for the treatment of several diseases. The protective effects of rosemary in toxic effects of some environmental pollutants are known. However, there is paucity of information about its protective effects on lead acetate (LD) toxicity. To assess the protection of rosemary ethanolic extracts (REE) on LD-induced hepato- and nephro-toxicity, male albino rabbits were treated with REE (30mg/kg) and/or LD (30mg LD/kg) by gavage administration for 30 days...
September 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267831/the-ethanolic-extract-of-the-eclipta-prostrata-l-ameliorates-the-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-induced-by-scopolamine
#11
Won Yong Jung, Haneul Kim, Ho Jae Park, Se Jin Jeon, Hye Jin Park, Hyuck Jai Choi, Nam Jae Kim, Dae Sik Jang, Dong Hyun Kim, Jong Hoon Ryu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Eclipta prostrata L. (Asteraceae) has been prescribed for whole body nourishment and nervine tonic in Asia. However, the effects of E. prostrata in learning and memory have not been fully explored. AIM OF THE STUDY: To scientifically elucidate the effects of E. prostrata on cognitive functions, we examined whether E. prostrata could ameliorate a cholinergic blockade-induced memory impairment, and we also investigated the effects of E...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260409/black-ginseng-extract-exerts-anti-hyperglycemic-effect-via-modulation-of-glucose-metabolism-in-liver-and-muscle
#12
Yun-Soo Seo, Mi-Yae Shon, Ryong Kong, Ok-Hwa Kang, Tian Zhou, Do-Yeon Kim, Dong-Yeul Kwon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, Araliaceae) has been used as a traditional medicine for thousands of years for the treatment of a wide variety of diseases, including diabetes. Processed ginseng named Black ginseng exhibits more potent biological activities than white and red ginseng. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of black ginseng extract (GBG05-FF) on hyperglycemia and glucose tolerance in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087523/enhanced-biological-phosphorus-removal-with-different-carbon-sources
#13
REVIEW
Nan Shen, Yan Zhou
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) process is one of the most economical and sustainable methods for phosphorus removal from wastewater. However, the performance of EBPR can be affected by available carbon sources types in the wastewater that may induce different functional microbial communities in the process. Glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs) and polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) are commonly found by coexisting in the EBPR process. Predominance of GAO population may lead to EBPR failure due to the competition on carbon source with PAO without contributing phosphorus removal...
June 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899440/antidiabetic-potentials-of-ethanolic-extract-of-aristolochia-ringens-vahl-roots
#14
A O Sulyman, J O Akolade, S A Sabiu, R A Aladodo, H F Muritala
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: Oral administration of alcoholic decoctions of Aristolochia ringens is used extensively by Traditional Medicine Practitioners (TMP) of Yoruba heritage in South west, Nigeria for the management of diabetes and its associated complications. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the potentials of root ethanolic extract of Aristolochia ringens V. (REAR) in the management of diabetes using chemical induced experimental animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out to elucidate chemical constituents of the REAR extract using phytochemical analyses and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26795545/anti-diabetic-effect-of-xylopia-aethiopica-dunal-a-rich-annonaceae-fruit-acetone-fraction-in-a-type-2-diabetes-model-of-rats
#15
Aminu Mohammed, Neil Anthony Koorbanally, Md Shahidul Islam
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional medicine from West Africa, the fruit decoction of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich. is widely used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) either alone or in combination with other plants. The present study is designed to investigate the anti-diabetic effects of X. aethiopica acetone fraction (XAAF) from fruit ethanolic extract in a type 2 diabetes (T2D) model of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T2D was induced in rats by feeding a 10% fructose solution ad libitum for 2 weeks followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg body weight) and the animals were orally treated with 150 or 300 mg/kg body weight (bw) of the XAAF once daily for four weeks...
March 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547529/ethanolic-ginkgo-biloba-leaf-extract-prevents-renal-fibrosis-through-akt-mtor-signaling-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#16
Qian Lu, Wen-Zi Zuo, Xiao-Jun Ji, Yue-Xian Zhou, Yu-Qing Liu, Xiao-Qin Yao, Xue-Yan Zhou, Yao-Wu Liu, Fan Zhang, Xiao-Xing Yin
BACKGROUND: Recently, extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves (GbE) have become widely known phytomedicines and have shown various pharmacological activities, including improvement of blood circulation, protection of oxidative cell damage, prevention of Alzheimer's disease, treatment of cardiovascular disease and diabetes complications. This study was designed to investigate the effects of an ethanolic GbE on renal fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to clarify the possible mechanism by which GbE prevents renal fibrosis...
November 15, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456345/ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-aframomum-melegueta-fruit-ameliorates-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction-and-major-diabetes-related-parameters-in-a-type-2-diabetes-model-of-rats
#17
Aminu Mohammed, Neil Anthony Koorbanally, Md Shahidul Islam
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In West Africa, various preparations of the fruit, seed and leaf of Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. are reputably used for the management of diabetes mellitus (DM) and other metabolic disorders. The present study evaluated the anti-diabetic effects of A. melegueta ethyl acetate fraction (AMEF) from fruit ethanolic extract in a type 2 diabetes (T2D) model of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T2D was induced in rats by feeding a 10% fructose solution ad libitum for two weeks followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (40 mg/kg body weight) and the animals were orally treated with 150 or 300 mg/kg body weight (bw) of the AMEF once daily for four weeks...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347423/antihyperglycemic-potential-of-grewia-asiatica-fruit-extract-against-streptozotocin-induced-hyperglycemia-in-rats-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-mechanisms
#18
Hala A H Khattab, Nagla A El-Shitany, Inas Z A Abdallah, Fatimah M Yousef, Huda M Alkreathy
Diabetes mellitus is regarded as a serious chronic disease that carries a high risk for considerable complications. In folk medicine, the edible Grewia asiatica fruit is used in a number of pathological conditions. This study aimed to investigate the possible curative effect of G. asiatica fruit ethanolic extract against streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced hyperglycemia in rats. Furthermore, mechanism of antihyperglycemic action is investigated. Hyperglycemic rats are either treated with 100 or 200 mg/kg/day G...
2015: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068423/mori-fructus-improves-cognitive-and-neuronal-dysfunction-induced-by-beta-amyloid-toxicity-through-the-gsk-3%C3%AE-pathway-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Hyo Geun Kim, Gunhyuk Park, Soonmin Lim, Hanbyeol Park, Jin Gyu Choi, Hyun Uk Jeong, Min Seo Kang, Mi Kyeong Lee, Myung Sook Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A growing body of literature supports the concept that antiaging herbs may be potential candidates for use in treating age-related neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer׳s disease (AD). Mori Fructus is a well-known traditional herbal medicine, food, and dietary supplement. This study employed models of amyloid beta (Aβ)-induced AD to investigate the protective effects of Mori Fructus ethanol extract (ME) against age-related disease and cognitive deficits...
August 2, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26044221/a-new-protocol-for-separation-of-acid-soluble-and-insoluble-fractions-from-total-glycogen-and-simultaneous-measurements
#20
M Rasouli, H Shokri-Afra, A Ostovar-Ravari
OBJECTIVE: The glycogen is extracted routinely from animal tissues with cold perchloric acid (PCA). Acid soluble glycogen (ASG) is extracted, while the insoluble fraction (AIG) is liberated using hot alkaline. The current study was performed to separate and measure ASG, AIG and total glycogen in the same sample simultaneously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protocol has the four phases of tissue digestion, extraction, separation of fractions and measurement. The liver tissue was weighed and digested with four volumes of 30% KOH and heated in boiling water bath for 10 min...
May 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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