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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333650/validation-of-static-and-dynamic-balance-assessment-using-microsoft-kinect-for-young-and-elderly-populations
#1
Moataz Eltoukhy, Christopher Kuenze, Jeonghoon Oh, Joseph Signorile
Reduction in balance is an indicator of fall risk, and therefore, an accurate and cost effective balance assessment tool is essential for prescribing effective postural control strategies. This study established the validity of the Kinect v2 sensor in assessing center of mass (CoM) excursion and velocity during single leg balance and voluntary ankle sway tasks among young and elderly subjects. We compared balance outcome measures (anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) CoM excursion and velocity and average sway length) to a traditional three-dimensional motion analysis system...
March 22, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332012/-frequency-of-falls-among-clients-of-home-care-services-the-importance-of-care-related-and-social-risk-factors
#2
A Rommel, J Kottner, R Suhr, N Lahmann
BACKGROUND: Among the elderly falls frequently result in injuries, increase the need for long-term care and pose a challenge for the quality assurance in nursing care. We describe the frequency and risk factors of falls among care-dependent persons using home care services in Germany. METHODS: The participants of the study "Nursing-related health problems in home care" (n = 880) were recruited based on a list of the officially accredited nursing services. Data collection followed a standardized study protocol...
March 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329841/using-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-profiles-of-elder-abuse-perpetrators
#3
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329183/remote-traumatic-brain-injury-is-associated-with-motor-dysfunction-in-older-military-veterans
#4
Raquel C Gardner, Carrie B Peltz, Kimbra Kenney, Kenneth E Covinsky, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kristine Yaffe
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been identified as a risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). Motor dysfunction among TBI-exposed elders without PD has not been well characterized. We sought to determine whether remote TBI is a risk factor for motor dysfunction on exam and functionally relevant motor dysfunction in day-to-day life among independently living elders without PD. Methods: This is a cross-sectional cohort study of independently living retired military veterans aged 50 or older with (n = 78) and without (n = 85) prior TBI-all without diagnosed PD...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329045/extensive-type-ii-muscle-fiber-atrophy-in-elderly-female-hip-fracture-patients
#5
Irene Fleur Kramer, Tim Snijders, Joey S J Smeets, Marika Leenders, Janneau van Kranenburg, Marcel den Hoed, Lex B Verdijk, Martijn Poeze, Luc J C van Loon
Background: Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass and strength, is known to increase the risk for falls and (hip) fractures in older people. The objective of this study was to assess the skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in elderly female hip fracture patients. Method: Percutaneous needle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle in 15 healthy young women (20 ± 0.4 years), 15 healthy elderly women (79 ± 1.7 years), and 15 elderly women with a fall-related hip fracture (82 ± 1...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328493/a-balancing-act-scientists-seek-to-reduce-the-risk-of-falls-in-the-elderly
#6
Jennifer Berglund
It was the inaugural day of the study in 2005 when Brad Manor went out into the hot Louisiana sun to meet his first patient, a gentleman we'll call James. Manor, now director of the Mobility and Brain Function Lab at the Harvard-affiliated Institute for Aging Research, was, at that time, a Ph.D. student at Louisiana State University (Figure 1). James, a man in his early 70s, suffered from peripheral neuropathy, a condition that caused significant nerve damage in his legs and feet. James got out of his car, carrying his cane in his hand, and walked with Manor to the lab...
March 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326869/design-and-evaluation-of-vibratory-shoe-on-balance-control-for-elderly-subjects-technical-note
#7
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Farzam Farahmand, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Reza Fadayevatan, Ehsan Abdollahi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aging often results in a decline in somatosensory function, and such changes are associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor function through a mechanism known as stochastic resonance (SR). This paper describes the development and testing of a new vibrating shoe to possibly assist the elderly patients in controlling their balance and decreasing their falling risks. TECHNIQUE: The new vibrating shoe was evaluated to ascertain its ability to generate appropriate random and nonlinear vibrations...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324787/interactive-ebooks-in-educating-patients-and-their-families-about-head-injury-regardless-of-age
#8
Ronald Sahyouni, Amin Mahmoodi, Amir Mahmoodi, Melissa Huang, Diem Kieu Tran, Jefferson W Chen
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a common and debilitating injury that is particularly prevalent in patients over 60. Given the influence of head injury on dementia (and vice versa), and the increased likelihood of ground-level falls, elderly patients are vulnerable to TBI. Educational interventions can increase knowledge and influence preventative activity to decrease the likelihood of further TBI. We sought to determine the efficacy of interactive tablet-based educational interventions in elderly patients on self-reported knowledge...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302594/a-human-centered-design-methodology-to-enhance-the-usability-human-factors-and-user-experience-of-connected-health-systems-a-three-phase-methodology
#9
Richard Harte, Liam Glynn, Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, Paul Ma Baker, Thomas Scharf, Leo R Quinlan, Gearóid ÓLaighin
BACKGROUND: Design processes such as human-centered design, which involve the end user throughout the product development and testing process, can be crucial in ensuring that the product meets the needs and capabilities of the user, particularly in terms of safety and user experience. The structured and iterative nature of human-centered design can often present a challenge when design teams are faced with the necessary, rapid, product development life cycles associated with the competitive connected health industry...
March 16, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#10
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290738/increased-risk-of-intraoperative-and-early-postoperative-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-with-uncemented-stems
#11
Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Søren Solgaard, Anne G Kjersgaard, Henrik Kehlet
Background and purpose - The use of uncemented fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing. Registry studies have indicated an increased risk of revision of uncemented implants due to early periprosthetic femoral fracture. In this paper, we describe the incidence and predisposing factors for intraoperative and early postoperative (≤ 90 days) periprosthetic femoral fractures after cemented and uncemented THA. Patients and methods - This was a prospective observational study in 8 Danish high-volume centers from February 2010 to November 2013...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288563/is-independence-of-older-adults-safe-considering-the-risk-of-falls
#12
Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
BACKGROUND: Falls affect approx. 30% of elderly population per year. They cause major injuries and reduce independence of the older adults' functioning. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the degree of independence and find the fall risk factors in the study group. METHODS: The study included 506 - older adults. The study group included patients from GP clinics and members of two senior centers. The study duration was 12 months. Our study tools included EASY- Care Standard 2010 questionnaire, Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Index Barthel, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Timed Up and Go (TUG)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273251/risk-for-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-people-systematic-literature-review
#13
Luís Manuel Mota Sousa, Cristina Maria Alves Marques-Vieira, Maria Nilza Guimarães Nogueira de Caldevilla, Cristina Maria Alves Dias Henriques, Sandy Silva Pedro Severino, Sílvia Maria Alves Caldeira
Objective: To identify the risk factors for falls of the community-dwelling elderly in order to update the Taxonomy II of NANDA International. Method: A systematic literature review based on research using the following platforms: EBSCOHost®, CINAHL and MEDLINE, from December 2010 to December 2014. The descriptors used were (Fall* OR Accidental Fall) AND (Community Dwelling OR Community Health Services OR Primary health care) AND (Risk OR Risk Assessment OR Fall Risk Factors) AND (Fall* OR Accidental Fall) AND (Community Dwelling OR older) AND Nurs* AND Fall Risk Factors...
February 23, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273128/prevalence-risk-factors-and-health-outcomes-associated-with-polypharmacy-among-urban-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-multi-ethnic-malaysia
#14
Li Min Lim, Megan McStea, Wen Wei Chung, Nuruljannah Nor Azmi, Siti Azdiah Abdul Aziz, Syireen Alwi, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Siew Siang Chua, Reena Rajasuriar
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in the older population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and health outcomes associated with polypharmacy in a cohort of urban community-dwelling older adults receiving chronic medications in Malaysia. METHODS: This was a baseline study in the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research cohort. The inclusion criteria were individuals aged ≥55years and taking at least one medication chronically (≥3 months)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#15
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271911/physical-function-of-elderly-patients-with-multimorbidity-upon-acute-hospital-admission-versus-3%C3%A2-weeks-post-discharge
#16
Kjersti Moen, Heidi Ormstad, Marte Sofie Wang-Hansen, Therese Brovold
PURPOSE: To evaluate the change in activities of daily living, grip strength and functional mobility in very old patients >75 years old with multimorbidity upon admission to hospital versus 3 weeks after discharge. A second aim was to explore which baseline variables could predict personal activities of daily living 3 weeks after discharge. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 115 home-dwelling older adults (mean 86 years, standard deviation 5...
March 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269352/fall-risk-factors-analysis-based-on-sample-entropy-of-plantar-kinematic-signal-during-stance-phase
#17
Shengyun Liang, Huiyu Jia, Zilong Li, Huiqi Li, Xing Gao, Zuchang Ma, Yingnan Ma, Guoru Zhao
Falls are a multi-causal phenomenon with a complex interaction. The aim of our research is to study the effect of multiple variables for potential risk of falls and construct an elderly fall risk assessment model based on demographics data and gait characteristics. A total of 101 subjects, whom belong to Malianwa Street, aged above 50 years old and participated in questionnaire survey. Participants were classified into three groups (high, medium and low risk group) according to the score of elderly fall risk assessment scale...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268462/relationship-between-dynamical-characteristics-of-sit-to-walk-motion-and-physical-functions-of-elderly-humans
#18
Shengyun Liang, Yunkun Ning, Gaosheng Xie, Lei Wang, Xing Gao, Yingnan Ma, Guoru Zhao
Sit-to-walk (STW) motion is essential for daily activities. Falls frequently occur, when there is impaired ability to perform STW movements. This study investigated the relationships between the dynamical characteristics of STW motion and physical functions of elderly people. 128 elderly (51 males and 77 females, above 65 years) participated in this study. Participants were instructed to perform STW motion at comfortable state and classified into four groups (normal, mild, moderate and severe group) based on physical function, which evaluated with functional reach test and dynamic gait test...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268437/fall-risk-probability-estimation-based-on-supervised-feature-learning-using-public-fall-datasets
#19
Gregory A Koshmak, Maria Linden, Amy Loutfi
Risk of falling is considered among major threats for elderly population and therefore started to play an important role in modern healthcare. With recent development of sensor technology, the number of studies dedicated to reliable fall detection system has increased drastically. However, there is still a lack of universal approach regarding the evaluation of developed algorithms. In the following study we make an attempt to find publicly available fall datasets and analyze similarities among them using supervised learning...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268245/psychotropics-and-weak-opioid-analgesics-in-plasma-samples-of-older-hip-fracture-patients-detection-frequencies-and-consistency-with-drug-records
#20
Ragnhild Birkeland Waade, Espen Molden, Mette Irene Martinsen, Monica Hermann, Anette Hylen Ranhoff
AIM: To determine use of psychotropic drugs and weak opioids in hip fracture patients by analysing plasma samples at admission, and compare detected drug frequencies with prescription registry data and drug records. METHODS: Plasma from 250 hip fracture patients ≥65 years sampled at hospital admission were analysed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry methods for detection of psychotropic drugs and weak opioid analgesics (alcohol also determined)...
March 7, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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