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Episodic future thinking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893785/is-episodic-future-thinking-important-for-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-a-study-in-neurological-patients-and-healthy-older-adults
#1
Amanda M Brunette, Matthew Calamia, Jenah Black, Daniel Tranel
Objective: Episodic future thinking is the ability to mentally project oneself into the future. This construct has been explored extensively in cognitive neuroscience and may be relevant for adaptive functioning. However, it has not been determined whether the measurement of episodic future thinking might be valuable in a clinical neuropsychological setting. The current study investigated (1) the relationship between episodic future thinking and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs); and (2) whether episodic future thinking is related to IADLs over and above standard measures of cognition...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858910/a-review-on-future-episodic-thinking-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#2
Ahmed A Moustafa, Alejandro N Morris, Mohamad ElHaj
Future episodic thinking refers to the ability to imagine oneself in the future and project oneself into specific future events. This cognitive process is related to decision making and planning for the future. Although healthy populations commonly project themselves into the future (e.g. while planning a trip or career), patients with mood disorders show impairment in this ability. In this review article, we discuss the similarities and differences in future thinking among the following populations: major depressive disorder, dysphoria, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
June 2, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807716/envisioning-the-times-of-future-events-the-role-of-personal-goals
#3
Hédi Ben Malek, Fabrice Berna, Arnaud D'Argembeau
Episodic future thinking refers to the human capacity to imagine or simulate events that might occur in one's personal future. Previous studies have shown that personal goals guide the construction and organization of episodic future thoughts, and here we sought to investigate the role of personal goals in the process of locating imagined events in time. Using a think-aloud protocol, we found that dates were directly accessed more frequently for goal-related than goal-unrelated future events, and the goal-relevance of events was a significant predictor of direct access to temporal information on a trial-by-trial basis...
May 25, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744798/the-effect-of-future-time-perspective-on-procrastination-the-role-of-parahippocampal-gyrus-and-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex
#4
Peiwei Liu, Tingyong Feng
Procrastination is an almost universal affliction, which occurs across culture and brings serious consequences across multiple fields, such as finance, health and education. Previous research has showed procrastination can be influenced by future time perspective (FTP). However, little is known about the neural basis underlying the impact of FTP on procrastination. To address this question, we used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) based on brain structure. In line with previous findings, the behavioral result indicated that FTP inventory scores were significantly negatively correlated with procrastination inventory scores (r = -0...
May 9, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656049/reinforcing-value-and-hypothetical-behavioral-economic-demand-for-food-and-their-relation-to-bmi
#5
Leonard H Epstein, Rocco A Paluch, Katelyn A Carr, Jennifer L Temple, Warren K Bickel, James MacKillop
Food is a primary reinforcer, and food reinforcement is related to obesity. The reinforcing value of food can be measured by establishing how hard someone will work to get food on progressive-ratio schedules. An alternative way to measure food reinforcement is a hypothetical purchase task which creates behavioral economic demand curves. This paper studies whether reinforcing value and hypothetical behavioral demand approaches are assessing the same or unique aspects of food reinforcement for low (LED) and high (HED) energy density foods using a combination of analytic approaches in females of varying BMI...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648928/an-optimistic-outlook-creates-a-rosy-past-the-impact-of-episodic-simulation-on-subsequent-memory
#6
Aleea L Devitt, Daniel L Schacter
People frequently engage in future thinking in everyday life, but it is unknown how simulating an event in advance changes how that event is remembered once it takes place. To initiate study of this important topic, we conducted two experiments in which participants simulated emotional events before learning the hypothetical outcome of each event via narratives. Memory was assessed for emotional details contained in those narratives. Positive simulation resulted in a liberal response bias for positive information and a conservative bias for negative information...
June 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644583/construction-of-past-and-future-events-in-children-and-adolescents-with-asd-role-of-self-relatedness-and-relevance-to-decision-making
#7
Elisa Ciaramelli, Silvia Spoglianti, Elena Bertossi, Nadia Generali, Francesca Telarucci, Raffaella Tancredi, Filippo Muratori, Roberta Igliozzi
We studied episodic memory and future thinking for self-relevant and other-relevant events at different levels of retrieval support, theory of mind, and delay discounting in ASD children and adolescents (ASDs). Compared to typically developing controls, ASDs produced fewer internal (episodic) but a similar number of external (semantic) details while remembering past events, imagining future events, and imagining future events happening to others, indicating a general impairment of event construction. This deficit was driven by group differences under high retrieval support, and therefore unlikely to depend on self-initiated retrieval/construction deficits...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558768/using-story-based-interventions-to-improve-episodic-memory-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Tiffany L Hutchins, Patricia A Prelock
Episodic memory (EM) and scene construction are critical for organizing and understanding personally experienced events and for developing several aspects of social cognition including self-concept, identity, introspection, future thinking, counterfactual reasoning, theory of mind, self-regulation, flexible problem-solving, and socially adaptive behavior. This article challenges the reader to think differently about EM in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as we expand our understanding of autobiographical memory that requires an ability to travel back in time and re-experience an event...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529411/working-memory-training-improves-alcohol-users-episodic-future-thinking-a-rate-dependent-analysis
#9
Sarah E Snider, Harshawardhan U Deshpande, Jonathan M Lisinski, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Stephen M LaConte, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: Episodic thinking, whether past or future, uses similar neural machinery, and individuals with alcohol dependence have clear challenges with both. Moreover, alcohol-dependent individuals' narrowed temporal window likely gives rise to greater valuation of immediate rewards. We aimed to strengthen working memory (WM) in alcohol-dependent individuals and measure performance on near-transfer (novel WM) and far-transfer delay discounting (DD) tasks, including episodic future thinking (EFT) performance...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432784/cognitive-and-neuromodulation-strategies-for-unhealthy-eating-and-obesity-systematic-review-and-discussion-of-neurocognitive-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Laura Forcano, Fernanda Mata, Rafael de la Torre, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
We systematically reviewed research on cognitive training and neuromodulation interventions for reducing food craving/intake, unhealthy diet and weight, and discussed their mechanisms of action. We reviewed 50 studies involving six cognitive trainings: Approach and Attentional Bias Modification, Implementation Intentions, Response Inhibition, Episodic Future Thinking and Working Memory; and four neuromodulation approaches: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and Neurofeedback...
April 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364056/positivity-bias-in-past-and-future-episodic-thinking-relationship-with-anxiety-depression-and-retrieval-induced-forgetting
#11
L Marsh, T Edginton, M A Conway, C Loveday
Positivity biases in autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking are considered important in mental wellbeing and are reduced in anxiety and depression. The inhibitory processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) have been proposed to contribute to these biases. This investigation found reduced positivity in past and future thinking to be associated with reduced memory specificity alongside greater levels of anxiety, depression, and rumination. Most notably, however, RIF was found to significantly predict memory valence...
March 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358989/daydream-believer-rumination-self-reflection-and-the-temporal-focus-of-mind-wandering-content
#12
Daisy Shrimpton, Deborah McGann, Leigh M Riby
Current research into mind-wandering is beginning to acknowledge that this process is one of heterogeneity. Following on from previous findings highlighting the role of self-focus during mind wandering, the present study aimed to examine individual differences in rumination and self-reflection and the impact such styles of self-focus may have on mind-wandering experiences. Thirty-three participants were required to complete the Sustained Attention Response Task (SART), aimed at inducing mind-wandering episodes, whilst also probing the content of thought in terms of temporal focus...
November 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328948/psychopathology-and-episodic-future-thinking-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-specificity-and-episodic-detail
#13
D J Hallford, D W Austin, K Takano, F Raes
Episodic future thinking (EFT) refers to the mental simulation of future events that might be personally-experienced; a crucial mental process in adaptation. Psychiatric disorders are associated with deficits in recalling episodic memory, however, no study has reviewed the empirical literature to assess for similar deficits in EFT. A systematic review comparing psychiatric groups with control groups on the specificity and episodic detail of EFT returned 19 eligible studies. An overall effect of g = -0.84 (95%CI = -1...
March 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323506/demand-characteristics-in-episodic-future-thinking-delay-discounting-and-healthy-eating
#14
Jillian M Rung, Gregory J Madden
Steep delay discounting, or rapid devaluation of future outcomes, is one mechanism that can account for the chronic selection of smaller-sooner over larger-later outcomes; that is, impulsive choice. Because steep delay discounting is correlated with maladaptive behavior, researchers have explored methods for reducing discounting. One empirically supported method is episodic future thinking (EFT), or vividly imagining one's future before completing the discounting task. However, EFT procedures may include demand characteristics, which could account for some its beneficial effects...
February 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295687/the-differential-contributions-of-visual-imagery-constructs-on-autobiographical-thinking
#15
Cagla Aydin
There is a growing theoretical and empirical consensus on the central role of visual imagery in autobiographical memory. However, findings from studies that explore how individual differences in visual imagery are reflected on autobiographical thinking do not present a coherent story. One reason for the mixed findings was suggested to be the treatment of visual imagery as an undifferentiated construct while evidence shows that there is more than one type of visual imagery. The present study investigates the relative contributions of different imagery constructs; namely, object and spatial imagery, on autobiographical memory processes...
February 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287830/deficits-in-episodic-memory-and-mental-time-travel-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Armin Zlomuzica, Marcella L Woud, Alla Machulska, Katharina Kleimt, Lisa Dietrich, Oliver T Wolf, Hans-Joerg Assion, Joseph P Huston, Maria A De Souza Silva, Ekrem Dere, Jürgen Margraf
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by impairments in mnestic functions, especially in the domain of episodic memory. These alterations might affect different aspects of episodic memory functioning. Here we tested PTSD patients and healthy controls (matched for age, sex and education) in a newly developed virtual reality episodic memory test (VR-EMT), a test for mental time travel, episodic future thinking, and prospective memory (M3xT). In a cross-validation experiment, their performance was further evaluated in the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT)...
April 20, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193381/experiences-of-older-people-following-an-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Francesca Rosa, Annamaria Bagnasco, Luca Ghirotto, Gennaro Rocco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Milko Zanini, Nicoletta Dasso, Mark Hayter, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experience of patients affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease following hospitalisation due to an acute exacerbation event. BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressively debilitating disease, often with very burdensome symptoms such as acute and chronic breathlessness and fatigue. Acute exacerbation often creates a life-threatening event. Exacerbation can also have substantial psychological effects including anxiety and depression although this aspect is less well researched-especially amongst people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease recovering from an acute event and facing a return home...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166658/episodic-future-thinking-reduces-temporal-discounting-in-healthy-adolescents
#18
Uli Bromberg, Maria Lobatcheva, Jan Peters
Episodic Future Thinking has proven efficient in reducing impulsive behavior in several adult populations. Whether it also has a beneficial impact on decision making in adolescents is not known. Here the impact of episodic future thinking on discounting behavior was investigated in a sample of healthy adolescents (n = 44, age range 13-16 years). Discounting behavior in trials including episodic future thinking was significantly less impulsive than in control trials (t = 2.74, p = .009, dz = .44). In a subsample we controlled for executive function, alcohol use and developmental measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154160/gender-identity-better-than-sex-explains-individual-differences-in-episodic-and-semantic-components-of-autobiographical-memory-and-future-thinking
#19
Laurie Compère, Eirini Rari, Thierry Gallarda, Adèle Assens, Marion Nys, Sandrine Coussinoux, Sébastien Machefaux, Pascale Piolino
A recently tested hypothesis suggests that inter-individual differences in episodic autobiographical memory (EAM) are better explained by individual identification of typical features of a gender identity than by sex. This study aimed to test this hypothesis by investigating sex and gender related differences not only in EAM but also during retrieval of more abstract self-knowledge (i.e., semantic autobiographical memory, SAM, and conceptual self, CS), and considering past and future perspectives. No sex-related differences were identified, but regardless of the sex, feminine gender identity was associated with clear differences in emotional aspects that were expressed in both episodic and more abstract forms of AM, and in the past and future perspectives, while masculine gender identity was associated with limited effects...
January 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130061/episodic-future-thinking-mechanisms-and-functions
#20
Daniel L Schacter, Roland G Benoit, Karl K Szpunar
Episodic future thinking refers to the capacity to imagine or simulate experiences that might occur in one's personal future. Cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging research concerning episodic future thinking has accelerated during recent years. This article discusses research that has delineated cognitive and neural mechanisms that support episodic future thinking as well as the functions that episodic future thinking serves. Studies focused on mechanisms have identified a core brain network that underlies episodic future thinking and have begun to tease apart the relative contributions of particular regions in this network, and the specific cognitive processes that they support...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
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