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Episodic future thinking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193381/experiences-of-older-people-following-an-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-a-phenomenological-study
#1
Francesca Rosa, Annamaria Bagnasco, Luca Ghirotto, Gennaro Rocco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Milko Zanini, Nicoletta Dasso, Mark Hayter, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experience of patients affected by COPD following hospitalization due to an acute exacerbation event. BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressively debilitating disease, often with very burdensome symptoms such as acute and chronic breathlessness and fatigue. Acute exacerbation often creates a life threatening event. Exacerbation can also have substantial psychological effects including anxiety and depression although this aspect is less well researched - especially amongst people with COPD recovering from an acute event and facing a return home...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166658/episodic-future-thinking-reduces-temporal-discounting-in-healthy-adolescents
#2
Uli Bromberg, Maria Lobatcheva, Jan Peters
Episodic Future Thinking has proven efficient in reducing impulsive behavior in several adult populations. Whether it also has a beneficial impact on decision making in adolescents is not known. Here the impact of episodic future thinking on discounting behavior was investigated in a sample of healthy adolescents (n = 44, age range 13-16 years). Discounting behavior in trials including episodic future thinking was significantly less impulsive than in control trials (t = 2.74, p = .009, dz = .44). In a subsample we controlled for executive function, alcohol use and developmental measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154160/gender-identity-better-than-sex-explains-individual-differences-in-episodic-and-semantic-components-of-autobiographical-memory-and-future-thinking
#3
Laurie Compère, Eirini Rari, Thierry Gallarda, Adèle Assens, Marion Nys, Sandrine Coussinoux, Sébastien Machefaux, Pascale Piolino
A recently tested hypothesis suggests that inter-individual differences in episodic autobiographical memory (EAM) are better explained by individual identification of typical features of a gender identity than by sex. This study aimed to test this hypothesis by investigating sex and gender related differences not only in EAM but also during retrieval of more abstract self-knowledge (i.e., semantic autobiographical memory, SAM, and conceptual self, CS), and considering past and future perspectives. No sex-related differences were identified, but regardless of the sex, feminine gender identity was associated with clear differences in emotional aspects that were expressed in both episodic and more abstract forms of AM, and in the past and future perspectives, while masculine gender identity was associated with limited effects...
November 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130061/episodic-future-thinking-mechanisms-and-functions
#4
Daniel L Schacter, Roland G Benoit, Karl K Szpunar
Episodic future thinking refers to the capacity to imagine or simulate experiences that might occur in one's personal future. Cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging research concerning episodic future thinking has accelerated during recent years. This article discusses research that has delineated cognitive and neural mechanisms that support episodic future thinking as well as the functions that episodic future thinking serves. Studies focused on mechanisms have identified a core brain network that underlies episodic future thinking and have begun to tease apart the relative contributions of particular regions in this network, and the specific cognitive processes that they support...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118403/quantitative-text-feature-analysis-of-autobiographical-interview-data-prediction-of-episodic-details-semantic-details-and-temporal-discounting
#5
J Peters, A Wiehler, U Bromberg
Autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking (i.e. the capacity to project oneself into an imaginary future) are typically assessed using the Autobiographical Interview (AI). In the AI, subjects are provided with verbal cues (e.g. "your wedding day") and are asked to freely recall (or imagine) the cued past (or future) event. Narratives are recorded, transcribed and analyzed using an established manual scoring procedure (Levine et al., 2002). Here we applied automatic text feature extraction methods to a relatively large (n = 86) set of AI data...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107000/the-erp-correlates-of-self-knowledge-are-assessments-of-one-s-past-present-and-future-traits-closer-to-semantic-or-episodic-memory
#6
Annick N Tanguay, Lauren Benton, Lorenza Romio, Carolin Sievers, Patrick S R Davidson, Louis Renoult
Self-knowledge concerns one's own preferences and personality. It pertains to the self (similar to episodic memory), yet does not concern events. It is factual (like semantic memory), but also idiosyncratic. For these reasons, it is unclear where self-knowledge might fall on a continuum in relation to semantic and episodic memory. In this study, we aimed to compare the event-related potential (ERP) correlates of self-knowledge to those of semantic and episodic memory, using N400 and Late Positive Component (LPC) as proxies for semantic and episodic processing, respectively...
October 26, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052802/the-development-of-episodic-future-thinking-in-middle-childhood
#7
F Ferretti, A Chiera, S Nicchiarelli, I Adornetti, R Magni, S Vicari, G Valeri, A Marini
The ability to imagine future events (episodic future thinking-EFT) emerges in preschoolers and further improves during middle childhood and adolescence. In the present study, we focused on the possible cognitive factors that affect EFT and its development. We assessed the ability to mentally project forward in time of a large cohort of 135 6- to 11-year-old children through a task with minimal narrative demands (the Picture Book Trip task adapted from Atance and Meltzoff in Cogn Dev 20(3):341-361. doi:10.1016/j...
October 20, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966885/bleak-present-bright-future-online-episodic-future-thinking-scarcity-delay-discounting-and-food-demand
#8
Yan Yan Sze, Jeffrey S Stein, Warren K Bickel, Rocco A Paluch, Leonard H Epstein
Obesity is associated with steep discounting of the future and increased food reinforcement. Episodic future thinking (EFT), a type of prospective thinking, has been observed to reduce delay discounting (DD) and improve dietary decision making. In contrast, negative income shock (i.e., abrupt transitions to poverty) has been shown to increase discounting and may worsen dietary decision-making. Scalability of EFT training and protective effects of EFT against simulated negative income shock on DD and demand for food were assessed...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899236/looking-forward-the-effects-of-photographs-on-the-qualities-of-future-thinking
#9
Rebecca B Bays, Brianna C M Wellen, Katherine S Greenberg
Future episodic thinking relies on the reconstruction of remembered experiences. Photographs provide one means of remembering, acting as a "cognitive springboard" for generating related memory qualities. We wondered whether photographs would also invite embellishment of future thought qualities, particularly in the presence (or absence) of associated memories. In two studies participants generated future events in familiar (associated memories) and novel (no associated memories) locations. Half of the participants viewed scene location photographs during event generation...
September 12, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886407/preparing-for-what-might-happen-an-episodic-specificity-induction-impacts-the-generation-of-alternative-future-events
#10
Helen G Jing, Kevin P Madore, Daniel L Schacter
A critical adaptive feature of future thinking involves the ability to generate alternative versions of possible future events. However, little is known about the nature of the processes that support this ability. Here we examined whether an episodic specificity induction - brief training in recollecting details of a recent experience that selectively impacts tasks that draw on episodic retrieval - (1) boosts alternative event generation and (2) changes one's initial perceptions of negative future events. In Experiment 1, an episodic specificity induction significantly increased the number of alternative positive outcomes that participants generated to a series of standardized negative events, compared with a control induction not focused on episodic specificity...
December 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861602/episodic-future-thinking-improves-children-s-prospective-memory-performance-in-a-complex-task-setting-with-real-life-task-demands
#11
A Kretschmer-Trendowicz, K M Schnitzspahn, L Reuter, M Altgassen
Research on children's prospective memory (PM) shows an increase of performance across childhood and provides first evidence that encoding strategies such as episodic future thinking (EFT; i.e., engaging in a vivid prospection of oneself performing future tasks) may improve performance. The present study aimed at testing whether the beneficial effects of EFT extend from typical lab-based tasks to more complex tasks with real life demands. Further, it was tested whether children's ability to project themselves into different perspectives (i...
August 31, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808618/neuroimaging-studies-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-a-systematic-meta-review
#12
REVIEW
Marco Mcsweeney, Markus Reuber, Liat Levita
Psychogenic Non-epileptic Seizures (PNES) are 'medically unexplained' seizure-like episodes which superficially resemble epileptic seizures but which are not caused by epileptiform discharges in the brain. While many experts see PNES disorder as a multifactorial biopsychosocial condition, little is known about the neurobiological processes which may predispose, precipitate and/or perpetuate PNES symptomology. This systematic meta-review advances our knowledge and understanding of the neurobiological correlates of PNES by providing an up-to-date assessment of neuroimaging studies performed on individuals with PNES...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805104/present-and-future-selves-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Alexandra Ernst, Joanne Allen, Lydia Dubourg, Céline Souchay
The study of the self in neuropsychological patients raises not only theoretical questions on the relationships between the self, autobiographical memory (AM), and episodic future thinking but also clinical issues for patients' daily life and care. We addressed this issue in Parkinson's disease patients for whom AM and future thinking impairments have been documented. All patients and controls generated and dated up past and future self-images and provided associated past and future events. Our findings suggest a subtle pattern of preservation/impairment of different dimensions (quantitative and qualitative) of self-images, which rely partially on the episodic quality of past and future events...
August 13, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801245/episodic-future-thinking-and-future-based-decision-making-in-a-case-of-retrograde-amnesia
#14
Flavia De Luca, Francesca Benuzzi, Elena Bertossi, Davide Braghittoni, Giuseppe di Pellegrino, Elisa Ciaramelli
We investigated episodic future thinking (EFT) and future-based cognition and decision-making in patient SG, who developed a dense retrograde amnesia following hypoxia due to a cardiac arrest. Despite intact general cognitive and executive functioning, SG was unable to remember events from his entire lifetime. He had, however, relatively spared anterograde memory and general semantic knowledge. Voxel-based morphometry detected a reduction of gray matter in the thalamus, cerebellum and fusiform gyrus bilaterally, and, at a reduced threshold, in several regions of the autobiographical memory network, including the hippocampi...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#15
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711591/touching-the-void-first-and-third-person-perspectives-in-two-cases-of-autobiographical-amnesia-linked-to-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#16
Adam Zeman, Marcus Byruck, Peter Tallis, Keith Vossel, Daniel Tranel
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be associated with a marked impairment of autobiographical memory. This is occasionally its presenting feature. We describe two individuals with severe epilepsy-associated autobiographical memory loss. Both MB and PT were reassured initially that their memory was intact on the basis of standard neuropsychological tests. Both have written detailed accounts of their symptoms. The key neuropsychological features of their cases are the relative normality of performance on standard memory tests, with preservation of semantic memory for impersonal information, in contrast to a profound amnesia for salient autobiographical episodes and an impoverishment of imaginative scene construction...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641120/the-cognitive-bases-of-the-development-of-past-and-future-episodic-cognition-in-preschoolers
#17
Gülten Ünal, Annette Hohenberger
The aim of this study was to use a minimalist framework to examine the joint development of past and future episodic cognition and their underlying cognitive abilities in 3- to 5-year-old Turkish preschoolers. Participants engaged in two main tasks, a what-where-when (www) task to measure episodic memory and a future prediction task to measure episodic future thinking. Three additional tasks were used for predicting children's performance in the two main tasks: a temporal language task, an executive function task, and a spatial working memory task...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612049/episodic-tags-enhance-striatal-valuation-signals-during-temporal-discounting-in-pathological-gamblers
#18
Antonius Wiehler, Frederike Hermi Petzschner, Klaas Enno Stephan, Jan Peters
Similar to many addiction disorders, pathological gambling is associated with an increased preference for immediate rewards (steep temporal discounting). In healthy participants, episodic future thinking has been shown to reduce impulsivity during intertemporal choice. Here, we examine for the first time a modulation of temporal discounting via episodic future thinking in a group of pathological gamblers. We investigated a sample of 24 pathological gamblers and 24 matched healthy controls with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
May 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575049/cognitive-and-affective-trait-and-state-factors-influencing-the-long-term-symptom-course-in-remitted-depressed-patients
#19
Christina Timm, Bettina Ubl, Vera Zamoscik, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Iris Reinhard, Silke Huffziger, Peter Kirsch, Christine Kuehner
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by a high risk for relapses and chronic developments. Clinical characteristics such as residual symptoms have been shown to negatively affect the long-term course of MDD. However, it is unclear so far how trait repetitive negative thinking (RNT) as well as cognitive and affective momentary states, the latter experienced during daily-life, affect the long-term course of MDD. METHOD: We followed up 57 remitted depressed (rMDD) individuals six (T2) and 36 (T3) months after baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554851/executive-function-in-childhood-obesity-promising-intervention-strategies-to-optimize-treatment-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Hayes, Dawn M Eichen, Deanna M Barch, Denise E Wilfley
Executive functions (EFs) are hypothesized to play a role in the development and maintenance of obesity due to their role in self-regulatory processes that manage energy-balance behaviors. Children with obesity have well-documented deficits in EF, which may impede effectiveness of current, evidence-based treatments. This review examines top-down EF processes (e.g., inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility), as well as bottom-up automatic processes that interact with EFs (e.g., attentional bias, delay discounting) and their relation to weight-loss treatment success in children...
May 26, 2017: Appetite
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