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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#1
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334712/-the-effect-of-ambient-pm-10-on-sperm-quality-in-wuhan
#2
X C Wang, X J Tian, B Ye, L Ma, Y Zhang, J Yang
Objective: To investigate the effect of exposure to particulate matter ≤10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)) on sperm quality in different stages of sperm development. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1 827 patients attending the reproductive medicine center in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University during April 2013 to January 2015. Air pollution data from January 2013 to January 2015 was obtained from the database of Wuhan Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. The generalized linear model was employed to assess the association between each exposure variables and sperm parameters for several exposure windows (0-9, 10-14, 15-69, 70-90, 0-90 days before sampling) ...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334674/relationship-between-jumping-abilities-and-skeletal-muscle-architecture-of-lower-limbs-in-humans-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
J D Ruiz-Cárdenas, J J Rodríguez-Juan, J Ríos-Díaz
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of skeletal muscle architecture (SMA) features measured by 2-D ultrasonography on jumping performance in humans. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted, registry number: CRD42016043602. The scientific literature was systematically searched in eight databases, last run on March 14th, 2017. Cross-sectional studies focused on the association between SMA features and vertical jumping performance were selected. A random-effects model was used to analyze the influence of lower-limb SMA and maximal jump height...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334642/examining-the-latent-structure-mechanisms-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Margo C Hurlocker, Desirae N Vidaurri, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Kelly Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric illness that can be difficult to diagnose, due in part to its comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given that researchers have found no difference in prevalence rates of PTSD and MDD after accounting for overlapping symptoms, the latent structures of PTSD and MDD may account for the high comorbidity. In particular, the PTSD Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood (NACM) and Hyperarousal factors have been characterized as non-specific to PTSD...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334638/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Dan Song, Doris S F Yu, Polly W C Li, Yang Lei
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk for developing dementia. Physical exercise is a promising intervention for cognitive decline. Systematic reviews regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes among MCI patients are limited, and a systematic review exploring the effects of exercise modalities on the results has not been conducted. This study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes for MCI patients and attempted to identify which specific modality of exercise is more effective...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334631/acceptability-of-intervention-materials-to-decrease-risk-for-alcohol-and-medication-interactions-among-older-adults
#6
Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
BACKGROUND: The majority of older adults take prescription or over-the-counter medications and about half consume alcohol regularly. Despite high risk for alcohol medication interactions (AMI), few community-level interventions exist to prevent AMI. The current study assessed the acceptability of educational materials created for use in a brief intervention to prevent AMI among older adults. METHODS: Older adults from two senior centers reviewed intervention materials (poster, patient and pharmacist brochures, and public service announcement) and participated in a pre and post-test to provide feedback and to assess changes in AMI-related awareness and intentions...
December 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334604/breast-conservation-therapy-versus-mastectomy-in-patients-with-t1-2n1-triple-negative-breast-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-krog-14-18-and-14-23
#7
Kyubo Kim, Hae Jin Park, Kyung Hwan Shin, Jin Ho Kim, Doo Ho Choi, Won Park, Seung Do Ahn, Su Ssan Kim, Dae Yong Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Jin Hee Kim, Jiyoung Kim
Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the treatment outcomes of breast conserving surgery (BCS) plus radiotherapy (RT) vs. mastectomy for patients with pT1-2N1 triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Methods: Using two multicenter retrospective studies on breast cancer, a pooled analysis was performed among 320 patients with pT1-2N1 TNBC. All patients who underwent BCS (n=212) received whole breast RT with or without regional nodal RT, while none who underwent mastectomy (n=108) received it...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334583/effects-of-carnosine-beta-alanyl-l-histidine-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-acute-kidney-injury-due-to-septic-shock
#8
Sabiha Sahin, Dilek Burukoglu Donmez
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the human intensive care unit (ICU). Kidney function and the histological findings of AKI were investigated in an experimental rat model with sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and compared with and without treatment with carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups consisting eight rats in each: Group 1 - control; Group 2 - septic shock; and Group 3 - septic shock treated with carnosine...
January 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334541/a-novel-technique-for-measuring-eyelid-force
#9
Shay Ofir, Avner Belkin, Arie Y Nemet
PURPOSE: We present a novel technique to directly measure the eyelid upward force generation. This technique can be used during routine clinical examination using an inexpensive, portable force gauge. METHODS: This prospective case series was conducted January to June 2015 in an ophthalmology clinic affiliated with a tertiary care medical center. A convenience sample of 42 patients (40-90 years of age) without known eyelid pathology participated. The eyelid upward net force generated was measured directly using a handheld dynamometer noninvasively attached to the upper eyelid...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334530/antegrade-arterial-and-portal-flushing-versus-portal-flushing-only-for-right-lobe-live-donor-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Viniyendra Pamecha, Rommel Sandhyav, Piyush Kumar Sinha, Kishore Gurumoorthy Subramanya Bharathy, Shridhar Sasturkar
INTRODUCTION: In live donor liver transplantation (LDLT) portal flush only of the graft is done on the bench. There is no data on antegrade arterial flush along with portal flush of the graft. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective right lobe LDLT were block-randomized to receive either portal flush only or both portal and antegrade arterial flush. The primary objectives were safety, rate of early allograft dysfunction (EAD), and impact on vascular and biliary complications RESULTS: After randomization there were 40 patients in each group...
January 12, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334524/leveraging-linkage-of-cohort-studies-with-administrative-claims-data-to-identify-individuals-with-cancer
#11
Mackenzie R Bronson, Nirav S Kapadia, Andrea M Austin, Qianfei Wang, Diane Feskanich, Julie P W Bynum, Francine Grodstein, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: In an effort to overcome quality and cost constraints inherent in population-based research, diverse data sources are increasingly being combined. In this paper, we describe the performance of a Medicare claims-based incident cancer identification algorithm in comparison with observational cohort data from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS). METHODS: NHS-Medicare linked participants' claims data were analyzed using 4 versions of a cancer identification algorithm across 3 cancer sites (breast, colorectal, and lung)...
January 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334518/is-ileocecal-valve-intubation-essential-for-routine-colonoscopic-examination
#12
Murat Meral, Göksel Bengi, Hasan Kayahan, Mesut Akarsu, Müjde Soytürk, Ömer Topalak, Hale Akpinar, Özgül Sağol
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of terminal ileum intubation during routine colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We routinely performed terminal ileum intubation in all patients who underwent colonoscopy at Dokuz Eylul University Hospital between February 2014 and June 2015. Two gastroenterology fellows performed colonoscopies in the Central Endoscopy Unit. Demographic data of patients, indications of colonoscopies, cecum and ileum intubation rate/time, and endoscopic and histopathologic findings of the terminal ileum were all assessed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334512/association-between-alcohol-use-and-angina-symptoms-among-outpatients-from-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Emily C Williams, Chris L Bryson, Haili Sun, David H Au, Katharine A Bradley
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is associated with angina incidence, but associations between alcohol use and experience of angina among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been described. METHODS: Outpatients with CAD from 7 clinics in the Veterans Health Administration were surveyed; alcohol use was measured using the validated Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption scores categorized into 6 groups: nondrinking, low-risk drinking, and mild, moderate, severe, and very severe unhealthy alcohol use...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334494/state-based-review-of-maternal-deaths-the-ohio-experience
#14
Cynthia Shellhaas, Elizabeth Conrey
Ohio established a Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review system in 2010 to ensure that all maternal deaths are identified and preventive actions developed. The need for detailed and reliable information to supplement vital statistics data has led to the development of state-based and urban-based maternal death reviews. Although processes vary from state to state, in general, an expert panel is convened to review individual cases and make recommendations for systems change. This article describes the development and operation of Ohio's state-based maternal death review including interventions developed and actions taken based on review data...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334477/improvement-of-endothelial-function-by-pitavastatin-a-meta-analysis
#15
Niki Katsiki, Željko Reiner, Eugenia Tedeschi Reiner, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Matteo Pirro, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Amirhossein Sahebkar
OBJECTIVE: Dyslipidemia is commonly associated with endothelial dysfunction and increased cardiovascular risk. Pitavastatin has been shown to reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, to increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and improve HDL function. Furthermore, several trials explored its effects on flow-mediated dilation (FMD), as an index of endothelial function. The authors evaluated the effect of pitavastatin therapy on FMD. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all clinical trials exploring the impact of pitavastatin on FMD...
January 15, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334438/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations-of-the-anticalculus-effect-of-a-novel-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice
#16
Tao He, Mary Kay Anastasia, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a novel stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate on calculus inhibition using both in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Each investigation tested a novel stabilized 0.454% stannous fluoride dentifrice with zinc citrate as an anticalculus agent (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) compared to a negative control fluoride dentifrice. The in vitro study used the modified Plaque Growth and Mineralization Model (mPGM). Plaque biofilms were prepared and mineralized by alternate immersion of glass rods in human saliva and artificial mineralization solution...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334436/assessment-of-the-effects-of-a-novel-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice-on-gingivitis-in-a-two-month-positive-controlled-clinical-study
#17
Tao He, Rachelle Eusebio, C R Goyal, Jimmy G Qaqish
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the antibleeding/antigingivitis effectiveness of a newly formulated 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice and a marketed positive control triclosan-containing dentifrice in adults with mild-to-moderate gingivitis. METHODS: This single-center, two-month, randomized and controlled, double-blind, parallel group clinical trial involved adults with preexisting mild-to-moderate gingivitis. Baseline bleeding and gingivitis levels were assessed with the Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and Lobene Modified Gingival Index (MGI)...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334435/comparative-antiplaque-effect-of-two-antimicrobial-dentifrices-laboratory-and-clinical-evaluations
#18
Lynn R Friesen, C R Goyal, Jimmy G Qaqish, Tao He, Rachelle Eusebio, Marianne Zsiska, Teresa Farmer, Eva Schneiderman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a stannous fluoride dentifrice versus a triclosan-containing dentifrice on the reduction of plaque using in vitro and clinical models. METHODS: Both investigations evaluated a novel 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice (Crest® Pro-Health™ smooth formula) versus a sodium fluoride/triclosan positive control dentifrice (Colgate® Total®). The in vitro evaluation utilized the Plaque Glycolysis and Regrowth Model (PGRM), wherein the metabolic effects (acid production/glycolysis inhibition) of the dentifrices were assessed on plaque biofilms grown on glass rods after three days growth and a single dentifrice treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334403/soft-tissue-volume-gain-around-dental-implants-using-autogenous-subepithelial-connective-tissue-grafts-harvested-from-the-lateral-palate-or-tuberosity-area-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#19
Ernest Rojo, Giorgio Stroppa, Ignacio Sanz-Martin, Oscar Gonzalez-Martín, Antonio Santos Alemany, José Nart
AIM: To compare the soft tissue volume gain (VG) around single tooth implants with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) from either the lateral palate (LP) or from the tuberosity area (TA). METHODS: 32 patients with 36 implants with buccal volume deficiencies were randomly assigned to receive SCTG from LP (control group/CG) or TA (test group/TG). Clinical parameters were recorded and volume gain was evaluated by STL image superimposition of 2 intraoral scans (baseline/BL and 3 months after surgery/FU-3)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334349/research-outputs-of-england-s-hospital-episode-statistics-hes-database-bibliometric-analysis
#20
Zain Chaudhry, Fahmida Mannan, Angela Gibson-White, Usama Syed, Shirin Ahmed, Azeem Majeed
BACKGROUND: Hospital administrative data, such as those provided by the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) database in England, are increasingly being used for research and quality improvement. To date, no study has tried to quantify and examine trends in the use of HES for research purposes. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the use of HES data for research. METHODS: Publications generated from the use of HES data were extracted from PubMed and analysed...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
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