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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811597/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-modify-cardiometabolic-response-to-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-t2dm-patients
#1
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Abdul Khader Mohammed, Omar S Al-Attas, Mohammed Ghouse Ahmed Ansari, Kaiser Wani, Syed D Hussain, Shaun Sabico, Gyanendra Tripathi, Majed S Alokail
There is conflicting evidence on the favorable effects of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profile in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and this might be due to genetic variations in vitamin D receptors (VDRs). Thus, we studied the metabolic effects of a 12-month vitamin D supplementation in T2DM patients according to VDR polymorphisms. A total of 204 T2DM subjects received 2000 IU vitamin D3 daily for 12 months. Serum 25(OH)D and metabolic profiles were measured at baseline and after 12 months...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809959/expression-and-activity-of-angiotensin-regulating-enzymes-is-associated-with-prognostic-outcome-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#2
Peio Errarte, Maider Beitia, Itxaro Perez, Lorea Manterola, Charles H Lawrie, Jon Danel Solano-Iturri, Julio Calvete-Candenas, Miguel Unda, José I López, Gorka Larrinaga
The discovery of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (iRAS), which regulates angiogenesis, cell differentiation and proliferation, has opened new perspectives in the knowledge of kidney carcinogenesis. In this study we analyzed the immunohistochemical expression and fluorimetric activity of four key peptidases of iRAS in tumor tissue (n = 144) and serum samples (n = 128) from patients with renal neoplasms. Neutral endopeptidase (NEP/CD10), Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2), and aminopeptidase A (APA) were expressed in tumor cells whilst Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) was expressed in the endothelial cells of intratumor blood vessels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794490/a-transcriptome-atlas-of-rabbit-revealed-by-pacbio-single-molecule-long-read-sequencing
#3
Shi-Yi Chen, Feilong Deng, Xianbo Jia, Cao Li, Song-Jia Lai
It is widely acknowledged that transcriptional diversity largely contributes to biological regulation in eukaryotes. Since the advent of second-generation sequencing technologies, a large number of RNA sequencing studies have considerably improved our understanding of transcriptome complexity. However, it still remains a huge challenge for obtaining full-length transcripts because of difficulties in the short read-based assembly. In the present study we employ PacBio single-molecule long-read sequencing technology for whole-transcriptome profiling in rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790972/investigation-of-anticipatory-postural-adjustments-during-one-leg-stance-using-inertial-sensors-evidence-from-subjects-with-parkinsonism
#4
Gianluca Bonora, Martina Mancini, Ilaria Carpinella, Lorenzo Chiari, Maurizio Ferrarin, John G Nutt, Fay B Horak
The One-Leg Stance (OLS) test is a widely adopted tool for the clinical assessment of balance in the elderly and in subjects with neurological disorders. It was previously showed that the ability to control anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) prior to lifting one leg is significantly impaired by idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD). However, it is not known how APAs are affected by other types of parkinsonism, such as frontal gait disorders (FGD). In this study, an instrumented OLS test based on wearable inertial sensors is proposed to investigate both the initial anticipatory phase and the subsequent unipedal balance...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782928/biodegradable-micelles-based-on-poly-ethylene-glycol-b-polylipopeptide-copolymer-a-robust-and-versatile-nanoplatform-for-anticancer-drug-delivery
#5
Min Qiu, Jia Ouyang, Huanli Sun, Fenghua Meng, Ru Cheng, Jian Zhang, Liang Cheng, Qing Lan, Chao Deng, Zhiyuan Zhong
Poly(ethylene glycol)-b-polypeptide block copolymer micelles with excellent safety are one of the most clinically studied nanocarriers for anticancer drug delivery. Notably, self-assembled nanosystems based on hydrophobic polypeptides showing typically a low drug loading and burst drug release are limited to preclinical studies. Here, we report that poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(α-aminopalmitic acid) (PEG-b-PAPA) block copolymer could be easily prepared with tailored Mn through ring-opening polymerization of α-aminopalmitic acid N-carboxyanhydride (APA-NCA)...
August 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773840/formation-and-entrapment-of-tris-8-hydroxyquinoline-aluminum-from-8-hydroxyquinoline-in-anodic-porous-alumina
#6
Shohei Yamaguchi, Kazunori Matsui
The formation and entrapment of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq₃) molecules on the surface of anodic porous alumina (APA) immersed in an ethanol solution of 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ) were investigated by absorption, fluorescence, and Raman spectroscopies. The effects of the selected APA preparation conditions (galvanostatic or potentiostatic anodization method, anodizing current and voltage values, one- or two-step anodizing process, and sulfuric acid electrolyte concentration) on the adsorption and desorption of Alq₃ species were examined...
August 24, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766291/comprehensive-identification-of-mrna-polyadenylation-sites-by-paperclip
#7
Hun-Way Hwang, Robert B Darnell
We discuss a newly developed method to profile mRNA polyadenylation (pA) sites in an unbiased manner, PAPERCLIP (Poly(A) binding Protein-mediated mRNA 3'End Retrieval by CrossLinking ImmunoPrecipitation). Based on the well-established CLIP (crosslinking immunoprecipitation) technique, PAPERCLIP utilizes the poly(A) binding protein (PABP) as a biological filter to selectively retrieve mRNA 3' end fragments by immunoprecipitation from ultraviolet (UV) irradiated tissues or cultured cells. The mRNA fragments are subsequently extracted from the immunoprecipitated PABP:RNA complexes to generate a cDNA library, which goes through two rounds of purification before the final amplification by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761925/recurrent-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma-and-pregnancy-a-new-conservative-approach-with-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system
#8
Eugenio Solima, Valeria Liprandi, Gaia M Belloni, Michele Vignali, Mauro Busacca
•Levonorgestrel IUD was effective in treatment of recurrent APA.•No side effects were reported.•No impairments on a subsequent pregnancy were reported.
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753563/pathologic-subtype-defined-prognosis-is-dependent-on-both-tumor-stage-and-status-of-oncogenic-driver-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#9
Yu Dong, Ying Li, Bo Jin, Jie Zhang, Jinchen Shao, Hong Peng, Shichun Tu, Baohui Han
Previous studies have shown that the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma is associated with pathological characterization. In this study, we investigated whether pathology-based prognosis was further influenced by both tumor stage and oncogenic driver mutations. To this end, we recruited a cohort of 465 lung adenocarcinoma patients in China. These patients were classified into 6 pathology-defined subtypes i.e., lepidic-predominant adenocarcinoma (LPA), acinar-predominant adenocarcinoma (APA), papillary-predominant adenocarcinoma (PPA), micropapillary-predominant adenocarcinoma (MPA), solid-predominant adenocarcinoma (SPA), and invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA)...
July 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747387/molecular-characteristics-of-the-kcnj5-mutated-aldosterone-producing-adenomas
#10
Masanori Murakami, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi, Yujiro Nakano, Takahiro Fukaishi, Kyoichiro Tsuchiya, Isao Minami, Ryotaro Bouchi, Kohji Okamura, Yasuhisa Fujii, Koshi Hashimoto, Ken-Ichiro Hata, Kazunori Kihara, Yoshihiro Ogawa
The pathophysiology of aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs) has been investigated via genetic approaches and the pathogenic significance of a series of somatic mutations, including KCNJ5, has been uncovered. However, how the mutational status of an APA is associated with its molecular characteristics, including its transcriptome and methylome, has not been fully understood. This study was undertaken to explore the molecular characteristics of APAs, specifically focusing on APAs with KCNJ5 mutations as opposed to those without KCNJ5 mutations, by comparing their transcriptome and methylome status...
July 26, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746133/the-impact-of-a-national-faculty-development-program-embedded-within-an-academic-professional-organization
#11
Constance D Baldwin, Maryellen E Gusic, Latha Chandran
A sizeable literature describes the effectiveness of institution-based faculty development programs in nurturing faculty educators as scholars, but national programs are less common and seldom evaluated. To fill this role, the Educational Scholars Program (ESP) was created within the Academic Pediatric Association (APA) in 2006. It is a national, three-year, cohort-based certification program focused on fostering educational scholarship. This article describes the development and outcomes of an innovative program embedded within the framework of a national professional organization, and offers a model for potential adaptation by similar organizations to enhance their support of educators...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740387/apatinib-loaded-nanoparticles-suppress-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-induced-angiogenesis-and-experimental-corneal-neovascularization
#12
Jung Eun Lee, Koung Li Kim, Danbi Kim, Yeongju Yeo, Hyounkoo Han, Myung Goo Kim, Sun Hwa Kim, Hyuncheol Kim, Ji Hoon Jeong, Wonhee Suh
Pathological angiogenesis is one of the major symptoms of severe ocular diseases, including corneal neovascularization. The blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) action has been recognized as an efficient strategy for treating corneal neovascularization. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether nanoparticle-based delivery of apatinib, a novel and selective inhibitor of VEGF receptor 2, inhibits VEGF-mediated angiogenesis and suppresses experimental corneal neovascularization. Water-insoluble apatinib was encapsulated in nanoparticles composed of human serum albumin (HSA)-conjugated polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737319/-sexual-violence-in-urban-environments-example-in-the-city-of-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#13
Simon Ilunga Kandolo, Bienfait Mwarabu Much Apa, Charles Matungulu Matungulu, Jean-Baptiste Kakoma Sakatolo Zambeze
Introduction: Sexual violence, which is becoming increasingly recurrent in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a public health problem in Lubumbashi.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexual violence, the circumstances of occurrence and risk environments.Method: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study based on a document review of 116 female victims between the ages of 2 to 34 years attending the Kampemba General Hospital in Lubumbashi in 2013, generally for forensic examination...
March 6, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734722/guidelines-for-the-understanding-and-management-of-pain-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#14
REVIEW
Asbjørn M Drewes, Stefan A W Bouwense, Claudia M Campbell, Güralp O Ceyhan, Myriam Delhaye, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Pramod K Garg, Harry van Goor, Christopher Halloran, Shuiji Isaji, John P Neoptolemos, Søren S Olesen, Tonya Palermo, Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Andrea Sheel, Tooru Shimosegawa, Eva Szigethy, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav
Abdominal pain is the foremost complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Pain can be related to recurrent or chronic inflammation, local complications or neurogenic mechanisms with corresponding changes in the nervous systems. Both pain intensity and the frequency of pain attacks have been shown to reduce quality of life in patients with CP. Assessment of pain follows the guidelines for other types of chronic pain, where the multidimensional nature of symptom presentation is taken into consideration. Quantitative sensory testing may be used to characterize pain, but is currently used in a research setting in advanced laboratories...
July 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733742/self-expandable-metal-stents-for-the-extraction-of-common-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-receiving-dual-antiplatelet-agents-a-pilot-study
#15
Eunae Cho, Chang Hwan Park, Chung Hwan Jun, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Kyu Choi, Jong Sun Rew
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphincterotomy or endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are associated with a high risk of bleeding in patients receiving dual antiplatelet agents (APAs). However, the discontinuation of antiplatelet agents increases the risk of thromboembolic events in these patients. To date, the placement of self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) in patients receiving dual APAs has not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of SEMS placement for the removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones in patients in whom APAs were not discontinued...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726459/leonard-d-goodstein-1927-2016
#16
Richard I Lanyon, W Warner Burke, Christopher Keys
Presents an obituary for Leonard D. Goodstein, who died in Scottsdale, Arizona, on July 20, 2016, at the age of 89. Goodstein was CEO of APA at a crucial time in its history when it faced both crippling financial difficulties and intramural conflict regarding the purpose of the organization. His efforts yielded important financial results and lasting structural changes to the organization. (PsycINFO Database Record
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726453/ethical-and-legal-considerations-in-psychobiography
#17
Joseph G Ponterotto, Jason D Reynolds Taewon Choi
Despite psychobiography's long-standing history in the field of psychology, there has been relatively little discussion of ethical issues and guidelines in psychobiographical research. The Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association (APA) does not address psychobiography. The present article highlights the value of psychobiography to psychology, reviews the history and current status of psychobiography in the field, examines the relevance of existing APA General Principles and Ethical Standards to psychobiographical research, and introduces a best practice ethical decision-making model to assist psychologists working in psychobiography...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726450/charles-l-brewer-award-for-distinguished-teaching-of-psychology-regan-a-r-gurung
#18
(no author information available yet)
The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology recognizes exemplary career contributions to the teaching of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology is Regan A. R. Gurung, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726449/gold-medal-award-for-life-achievement-in-the-science-of-psychology-lynn-nadel
#19
(no author information available yet)
The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology is Lynn Nadel, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726448/gold-medal-award-for-life-achievement-in-psychology-in-the-public-interest-joseph-everett-trimble
#20
(no author information available yet)
The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in Public Interest is Joseph Everett Trimble, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are: Terence M...
July 2017: American Psychologist
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