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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928698/maternal-exercise-training-attenuates-endotoxin-induced-sepsis-in-mice-offspring
#1
Mami Yamada, Chihiro Hokazono, Mitsuharu Okutsu
Regular exercise during pregnancy can prevent offspring from several diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and type II diabetes during adulthood. However, little information is available about whether maternal exercises during pregnancy protect the offspring from infectious diseases, such as sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). This study aimed to investigate whether maternal exercise training protects the offspring from endotoxin-induced septic shock in mice. Female C57BL/6 mice performed voluntary wheel exercises during pregnancy...
September 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927746/ameliorative-potential-of-acupressure-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Fayiz F El-Shamy, Sanad S El-Kholy, Mahmoud Labib, Ahmed M Kabel
Background and aim Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) poses a threat to the mother and child. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of acupressure on the glycemic control and insulin requirement of GDM females. Materials and methods Thirty GDM female patients were randomized to either the study group (SG; n=15), which was treated with acupressure and the standard antenatal care, or the control group (CG; n=15), which was treated with the standard antenatal care. Fasting and 2-h post-prandial blood glucose levels, requirement for insulin and insulin resistance were measured at 24 and 36 weeks' gestation (WG)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925744/effect-of-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-inhibitor-on-insulin-resistance-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-pregnant-rats
#3
Guo-Hua Wang, Jun Jin, Li-Zhou Sun
This paper aims to investigate the influence of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) inhibitor, darapladib, on insulin resistance (IR) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic pregnant rats. The rat models were divided into Control (normal pregnancy), STZ + saline (STZ-induced diabetic pregnant rats), STZ + Low-dose and STZ + High-dose darapladib (STZ-induced diabetic pregnant rats treated with low-/high-dose darapladib) groups. Pathological changes were observed by Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Immunohistochemistry staining...
June 21, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925344/vitamin-d-levels-in-an-australian-and-new-zealand-cohort-and-the-association-with-pregnancy-outcome
#4
Rebecca L Wilson, Alison J Leviton, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Paul H Anderson, Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Petra E Verburg, Lesley McCowan, Gustaaf A Dekker, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Claire T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at increased susceptibility to vitamin D deficiency. Hence, there is continuing interest in determining how vitamin D influences pregnancy health. We aimed to compare vitamin D status in two distinct populations of pregnant women in Australia and New Zealand and to investigate the relationship between vitamin D status and pregnancy outcome. This included evaluating possible effect measure modifications according to fetal sex. METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured at 15 ± 1 weeks' gestation in 2800 women from Adelaide and Auckland who participated in the multi-centre, prospective cohort SCreening fOr Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925339/maternal-overweight-is-not-an-independent-risk-factor-for-increased-birth-weight-leptin-and-insulin-in-newborns-of-gestational-diabetic-women-observations-from-the-prospective-each-cohort-study
#5
Raffael Ott, Jens H Stupin, Andrea Loui, Elisabeth Eilers, Kerstin Melchior, Rebecca C Rancourt, Karen Schellong, Thomas Ziska, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Wolfgang Henrich, Andreas Plagemann
BACKGROUND: Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) as well as overweight/obesity during pregnancy are risk factors for detrimental anthropometric and hormonal neonatal outcomes, identified to 'program' adverse health predispositions later on. While overweight/obesity are major determinants of GDM, independent effects on critical birth outcomes remain unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate, in women with GDM, the relative/independent impact of overweight/obesity vs...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922434/gestational-diabetes-influences-the-expression-of-hypertrophic-genes-in-left-ventricle-of-rat-s-offspring
#6
Elia Saragard Kermani, Zahra Nazari, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Majid Shahbazi, Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
Objectives: Gestational diabetes increases the risk of congenital heart disease in the offspring, but the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. Therefore, the current study was conducted to assess the effects of induced gestational diabetes on expression of some involved genes in cardiac hypertrophy in the offspring of diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Diabetes was induced in 40 adult Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of 45 mg/kg of streptozotocin...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921567/diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-type-2-diabetes-in-women-with-pcos-a-role-of-ogtt
#7
Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Dorte Glintborg
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common in premenopausal women. The majority of women with PCOS have insulin resistance and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is higher in women with PCOS compared to controls. In non-pregnant women with PCOS, glycemic status may be assessed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), or HbA1c. OGTT has been reckoned gold standard test for diagnosing T2D, but OGTT is rarely used for diagnostic purpose in other non-pregnant individuals at risk of T2D, apart from PCOS...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920144/gestational-weight-gain-and-pregnancy-complications-in-a-high-risk-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-population
#8
Zihe Zheng, Wendy L Bennett, Noel T Mueller, Lawrence J Appel, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: Evidence used to guide the current Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations is largely derived from studies of European descent, and as such the guidelines are the same for all races and ethnicities. The guidelines are also the same for prepregnancy obesity classes I through III. OBJECTIVE: Considering these literature gaps, we aim to (1) determine the association between the IOM GWG guidelines and three common pregnancy complications: preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, and cesarean delivery in a racially and ethnically diverse population; and (2) assess whether the association between GWG and pregnancy complications differs by race/ethnicity or prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories, particularly obesity classes I through III...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916111/do-probiotics-effectively-ameliorate-glycemic-control-during-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Suelen Dallanora, Yasmin Medeiros de Souza, Rúbia Garcia Deon, Clare A Tracey, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Roberta Hack Mendes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The aim of this work was to systematically review all studies in which probiotic supplements were used during pregnancy and analyse the effects on GDM. METHODS: The data were collected using the medical subheading (MeSH) terms: ("diabetes, gestational"[MeSH Terms] OR ("diabetes"[All Fields] AND "gestational"[All Fields]) OR "gestational diabetes"[All Fields] OR ("gestational"[All Fields] AND "diabetes"[All Fields])) AND ("probiotics"[MeSH Terms] OR "probiotics"[All Fields])...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915854/perinatal-and-neonatal-morbidity-among-infants-of-diabetic-mothers-at-a-university-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdulrahman M Al-Nemri, Fahd Alsohime, Asfaq H Shaik, Ghasan A El-Hissi, Mohammed I Al-Agha, Nada F Al-Abdulkarim, Sarar Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal and neonatal morbidity related to diabetes associated with pregnancy. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary university hospital in Central Saudi Arabia. All neonates born to mothers with pregnancy associated diabetes between July 2014 and June 2015 were recruited for the purpose of this study. Infants born at 23 weeks or less, infants who died within 3 hours of delivery, twins, and unbooked pregnant ladies were excluded from the study...
June 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914780/understanding-the-experiences-of-east-african-immigrant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Fartoon M Siad, Xiao Yang Fang, Maria J Santana, Sonia Butalia, Marilynne A Hebert, Doreen M Rabi
OBJECTIVES: East African (EA) women are a subpopulation who are at very high risk for gestational diabetes (GDM) and poor obstetric outcomes, but little is known about the care experiences of this understudied group. The objective of this study was to document the impact of a diagnosis of GDM and the perceptions of diabetes care among EA immigrant women. METHODS: Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 EA immigrant women diagnosed with GDM in Calgary; they were recruited from community and tertiary care settings...
February 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914628/fetal-one-carbon-nutrient-concentrations-may-be-affected-by-gestational-diabetes
#12
Eran Barzilay, Ashley Moon, Lesley Plumptre, Shannon P Masih, Kyoung-Jin Sohn, Carly E Visentin, Anna Ly, Olga Malysheva, Ruth Croxford, Marie A Caudill, Deborah L O'Connor, Young-In Kim, Howard Berger
Both insufficiency and excess of one-carbon nutrients (folate, choline, vitamins B6 and B12) during pregnancy have been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, the precise nature of this association has not been clearly established. We hypothesized that GDM may affect one-carbon nutrients concentrations in the fetus, thus possibly participating in epigenetic programing of the offspring. Maternal blood was collected at recruitment (12-16 weeks). At delivery (28-42 weeks), both maternal and cord blood were collected...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914395/factors-promoting-or-inhibiting-normal-birth
#13
Samantha J Prosser, Adrian G Barnett, Yvette D Miller
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episiotomy, forceps/vacuum, or caesarean section). However, there is limited evidence for how best to achieve increased rates of normal birth. In this study we examined the role of modifiable and non-modifiable factors in experiencing a normal birth using retrospective, self-reported data...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913713/spinal-cord-stimulation-background-and-clinical-application
#14
Kaare Meier
Background Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a surgical treatment for chronic neuropathic pain refractory to conventional treatment. SCS treatment consists of one or more leads implanted in the epidural space of the spinal canal, connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG). Each lead carries a number of contacts capable of delivering a weak electrical current to the spinal cord, evoking a feeling of peripheral paresthesia. With correct indication and if implanted by an experienced implanter, success rates generally are in the range of about 50-75%...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913174/low-dose-aspirin-is-associated-with-reduced-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-nulliparous-women
#15
Maria Andrikopoulou, Stephanie E Purisch, Roxane Handal-Orefice, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the leading causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Clinical data suggests that low dose aspirin may decrease the rate of overall PTB, but investigators have speculated that this is likely due to a decrease in medically indicated PTB through its effect on the incidence of preeclampsia and other placental disease. We hypothesized that low dose aspirin may also impact the mechanism of spontaneous preterm labor. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether low dose aspirin reduces the rate of spontaneous PTB in nulliparous women without medical co-morbidities...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912885/maternal-pre-pregnancy-overweight-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-interaction-on-delayed-breastfeeding-initiation
#16
Tanara Vogel Pinheiro, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani
BACKGROUND: Cumulative evidence indicates an association between maternal overweight and gestational diabetes with delayed breastfeeding initiation; however, the presence of both conditions simultaneously has been little explored. This study aims to investigate the interaction between maternal overweight/obesity and gestational diabetes on breastfeeding initiation. METHODS: This study comprises data from the IVAPSA Birth Cohort, a prospective follow-up of mothers and their newborns...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909696/comparison-of-serum-concentrations-of-humanin-in-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Yuhang Ma, Shumei Li, Xiaohui Wei, Jingjing Huang, Mengyu Lai, Nian Wang, Qianfang Huang, Li Zhao, Yongde Peng, Yufan Wang
Humanin (MT-RNR2) is an endogenous polypeptide that is involved in many diseases, including T2DM. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as hyperglycemia during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum humanin levels in women with or without GDM and to elucidate possible correlations with anthropometric parameters, metabolic parameters and the incidence of GDM. Eighty-four women with GDM and 73 control women were enrolled in this study. The clinical and biochemical parameters of all subjects were determined...
June 17, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909515/influence-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-comparison-to-other-bariatric-surgery-procedures
#18
S De Carolis, A Botta, Gelsomina Del Sordo, R Guerrisi, S Salvi, M P De Carolis, A Iaconelli, P Giustacchini, M Raffaelli, A Lanzone
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after bariatric surgery (BS) has an increased risk for small-for-gestational-age infants (SGA), shorter length of gestation, and probably perinatal mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate if biliopancreatic diversion could impair pregnancy outcomes in comparison to other bariatric surgery procedures. METHODS: We conducted a cohort retrospective single-center study in 65 women before and after BS. Thirty-one pregnancies occurred before BS, while 109 after BS, amongst which n = 51 after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and n = 58 after non-malabsorptive procedures...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908773/maternal-diabetes-mellitus-and-timing-of-pubertal-development-in-daughters-and-sons-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Lea L B Lauridsen, Linn H Arendt, Andreas Ernst, Nis Brix, Erik T Parner, Jørn Olsen, Cecilia H Ramlau-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between maternal diabetes and timing of pubertal development in daughters and sons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 15,822 mother-child pairs included in the Danish National Birth Cohort and the Puberty Cohort with prospectively collected, register-based and self-reported information on maternal diabetes and self-reported information on pubertal development...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907450/altered-maternal-and-placental-lipid-metabolism-and-fetal-fat-development-in-obesity-current-knowledge-and-advances-in-non-invasive-assessment
#20
Flavien Delhaes, Stephanie A Giza, Tianna Koreman, Genevieve Eastabrook, Charles A McKenzie, Samantha Bedell, Timothy R H Regnault, Barbra de Vrijer
Abnormal maternal lipid profiles, a hallmark of increased maternal adiposity, are associated with pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and offspring long-term metabolic health is impacted as the consequence of altered fetal growth, physiology and often iatrogenic prematurity. The metabolic changes associated with maternal obesity and/or the consumption of a high-fat diet effecting maternal lipid profiles and metabolism have also been documented to specifically affect placental function and may underlie changes in fetal development and life course disease risk...
May 26, 2018: Placenta
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