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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803528/the-role-of-endoscopy-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-from-diagnosis-to-therapy
#1
Alfredo J Lucendo, Ángel Arias, Javier Molina-Infante, Laura Arias-González
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has arisen as a common disorder in current clinical and endoscopic gastroenterology practice. Areas covered: A comprehensive review of the literature to summarize and update different aspects related with the use of endoscopy in the diagnostic workout and treatment of pediatric and adult EoE patients is conducted. Expert commentary: Endoscopic features in EoE are frequently subtle, so were inadverted in some initial reports of the disease. Literature has described a wide number of EoE-associated features, systematized in the EREFS classification, which standardized the grade and severity of exudates, rings, edema, furrows, and strictures...
August 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783923/safe-and-proper-management-of-esophageal-stricture-using-endoscopic-esophageal-dilation
#2
Jae Jin Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763273/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-foreign-body-or-stricture-in-three-ferrets-mustela-putorius-furo
#3
Joanna Webb, Jennifer Graham, Margaret Fordham, Julie DeCubellis, Faith Buckley, Joshua Hobbs, Allyson Berent, Chick Weisse
CASE DESCRIPTION 3 ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), aged 1 to 2 years, were referred for evaluation of a 4-day to 2-week history of gastrointestinal signs, including anorexia, regurgitation, and vomiting. CLINICAL FINDINGS All 3 ferrets had clinical signs suggestive of dysphagia or esophagitis on initial examination. Esophagoscopy, barium-contrast esophagography, or both revealed foreign bodies with mucosal inflammation in 1 patient and an esophageal foreign body with stricture in 2 patients. One of the latter ferrets had a recent history of gastrotomy to remove a foreign body...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762451/esophageal-button-battery-ingestion-in-children
#4
Arzu Şencan, İncinur Genişol, Münevver Hoşgör
BACKGROUND: Button battery lodged in the esophagus carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to present cases of patients with esophageal button battery ingestion treated at our clinic and to emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Records of patients admitted to our hospital for foreign body ingestion between January 2010 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Cases with button battery lodged in the esophagus were included in the study...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759148/efficacy-of-prednisone-for-prevention-of-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Gaosu Zhou, Fangfang Yuan, Jizhen Cai, Xiaowei Tang, Wei Gong, Lei Su, Yali Zhang
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to investigate the efficacy and safety of oral prednisone for the prevention of esophageal stricture formation after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in an optimal administration program. METHODS: Patients who underwent circumferential or semi-circumferential (more than three quarters but not a complete circular) ESD for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were eligible for this study. Oral prednisolone was administered to the study group at a dose of 30 mg/day on the third day post-ESD, and then tapered gradually (30, 25, 20, 15, 10, and 5 mg for 14 days)...
July 31, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756531/dysphagia-in-the-elderly
#6
REVIEW
Scott M Smukalla, Irina Dimitrova, Jeremy M Feintuch, Abraham Khan
Dysphagia is a common problem in the elderly population with an especially high prevalence in hospitalized and institutionalized patients. If inadequately addressed, dysphagia leads to significant morbidity and contributes to decreased quality of life. Dysphagia can be categorized as emanating from either an oropharyngeal or esophageal process. A disproportionate number of elderly patients suffer from oropharyngeal dysphagia with a multifactorial etiology. Historically, treatment options have been limited and included mostly supportive care with a focus on dietary modification, food avoidance, and swallow rehabilitation...
July 29, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749205/esophageal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-using-sodium-hyaluronate-is-safe-and-effective
#7
Chihiro Iwashita, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Yoshimasa Miura, Satoshi Shinozaki, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Yuji Ino, Hiroyuki Osawa, Mio Tamba, Kohei Morita, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hironori Yamamoto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A submucosal cushion of sodium hyaluronate facilitates gastric and colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). However, few studies have evaluated the utility of sodium hyaluronate for ESD of esophageal lesions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility and safety of sodium hyaluronate for ESD of superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasms (ESCN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 111 ESCN in 86 patients treated by ESD between September 2007 and April 2013...
July 27, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745833/full-layer-mucosal-histology-in-achalasia-histological-epithelial-wave-is-characteristic-in-pinstripe-pattern-positive-achalasia
#8
H Sato, K Takahashi, N Nakajima, G Hasegawa, K Mizuno, S Hashimoto, S Ikarashi, K Hayashi, Y Honda, J Yokoyama, Y Sato, S Terai
BACKGROUND: Previously, the mucosal histology in achalasia has only been investigated using superficial biopsy or surgically resected esophageal specimens in end-stage cases. We investigated the histology of the full-layer mucosa in early and advanced achalasia. METHODS: Endoscopy was performed for the pinstripe pattern (PSP) (an early achalasia indicator) and dilation and thickening of the mucosa (advanced achalasia indicators). A mucosal entry site for peroral endoscopic myotomy was created using cap-fitted endoscopic mucosal resection to access the full-layer mucosa and the submucosa...
July 26, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745145/magnetic-compression-stricturoplasty-for-treatment-of-refractory-esophageal-strictures-in-children-technique-and-lessons-learned
#9
Russell Woo, Christopher Marc Wong, Zachary Trimble, Devin Puapong, Shannon Koehler, Scott Miller, Sidney Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal stricture is the most common complication following repair of esophageal atresia (EA). In general, these strictures are successfully managed using endoscopic techniques including bougie and balloon dilation, stenting, and chemotherapeutic agent application. If these techniques are unsuccessful, patients require segmental esophageal resection and reanastomosis or esophageal replacement. Magnetic compression anastomosis has been described in children. Herein we report our experience with magnetic compression stricturoplasty to treat refractory strictures after EA repair...
July 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733736/effects-of-steroid-use-for-stenosis-prevention-after-wide-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-gastric-neoplasm
#10
Yoshihiro Kishida, Naomi Kakushima, Kohei Takizawa, Masaki Tanaka, Noboru Kawata, Masao Yoshida, Sayo Ito, Kenichiro Imai, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Kinichi Hotta, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND: Stenosis is a troublesome complication after wide endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). As steroids are known to prevent post-ESD esophageal stenosis, this study aimed to clarify the gastric effects. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-institution study. Between September 2002 and June 2015, 132 patients with a post-ESD mucosal defect exceeding three-fourths of the circumference were identified. Among them, 107 patients who did not undergo additional surgery for non-curative resection were reviewed...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733733/outcome-of-dilatation-and-predictors-of-failed-dilatation-in-patients-with-acid-induced-corrosive-esophageal-strictures
#11
Chadin Tharavej, Suppa-Ut Pungpapong, Pakkavuth Chanswangphuvana
Outcome of endoscopic dilatation in acid-induced corrosive esophageal stricture is less known. This study aims to determine the outcome of dilatation and predictors of failed dilatation in patients with acid-induced corrosive esophageal stricture. Patients diagnosed of corrosive esophageal strictures were included. Endoscopic dilatation with graded Savary-Gilliard dilator was performed as the first line treatment. Outcome of dilatation was considered favorable when patients were able to swallow solid without intervention at least six months after successful dilatation...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723752/full-covered-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-the-treatment-of-anastomotic-leak-using-a-silk-thread
#12
Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Sun Hwi Hwang, Si Hak Lee
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fixation of the fully covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) placement using a silk thread for complete closure of an anastomotic leak. An anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication after gastrectomy. Although the traditional treatment of choice was surgical re-intervention, an endoscopic SEMS can be used alternatively.During the study period, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who received a modified covered SEMS capable of being fixed using a silk thread (Shim technique) due to an anastomotic leak after gastrectomy to prevent stent migration...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721567/modified-double-layer-anastomosis-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-an-effective-way-to-prevent-leakage-and-stricture
#13
Yong Yuan, Xiao-Xi Zeng, Yong-Fan Zhao, Long-Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage and stricture contribute to a large number of mortality and morbidity after esophagectomy. The aim of this work is to evaluate the outcome of modified double-layer hand-sewn esophagogastric anastomosis during minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 176 consecutive esophageal cancer patients who underwent cervical esophagogastric anastomosis using modified double-layer hand-sewn technique after radical esophagectomy were retrospectively reviewed...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720474/nitrous-oxide-cryotherapy-for-treatment-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-neoplasia-initial-multicenter-international-experience-with-a-novel-portable-cryoballoon-ablation-system-with-video
#14
Marcia Irene Canto, Julian Abrams, Hannah Kunzli, Bas Weusten, Yoshihiro Komatsu, Blair Jobe, Charles J Lightdale
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early esophageal squamous cell neoplasia (ESCN) can be successfully treated by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), or radiofrequency ablation (RFA). A new portable, battery-powered cryotherapy system using nitrous oxide (cryoballoon focal ablation system (CbFAS) has been used for Barrett's esophagus. It consists of a small hand-held device containing liquid nitrous oxide, which converts to gas within a low-pressure-compliant through-the-scope balloon and freezes targeted mucosa in contact with the balloon...
July 15, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718991/learning-curve-for-the-thoracoscopic-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#15
Hiroomi Okuyama, Yuko Tazuke, Takehisa Ueno, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yuichi Takama, Ryuta Saka, Noriaki Usui, Hideki Soh, Takeo Yonekura
AIM: Thoracoscopic repair (TR) of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) remains a considerable challenge, even for the most experienced pediatric surgeons. The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of our experience with TR of EA/TEF and to determine the learning curve for this procedure. METHODS: Eleven consecutive cases that had undergone TR of EA/TEF at our institutes were included in this study. The medical charts were reviewed retrospectively...
July 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717439/achalasia-current-therapeutic-options
#16
REVIEW
Zubin Arora, Prashanthi N Thota, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
Achalasia is a chronic incurable esophageal motility disorder characterized by impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation and loss of esophageal peristalsis. Although rare, it is currently the most common primary esophageal motility disorder, with an annual incidence of around 1.6 per 100,000 persons and prevalence of around 10.8/100,000 persons. Symptoms of achalasia include dysphagia to both solids and liquids, regurgitation, aspiration, chest pain and weight loss. As the underlying etiology of achalasia remains unclear, there is currently no curative treatment for achalasia...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713066/approaches-for-stricture-prevention-after-esophageal-endoscopic-resection
#17
REVIEW
Seiichiro Abe, Prasad G Iyer, Ichiro Oda, Nobuo Kanai, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic resection of extensive esophageal lesions has become more common as endoscopic resection techniques and equipment has developed. However, extensive esophageal endoscopic resections can cause postoperative esophageal strictures, which have a negative impact on the quality of life of patients. We aimed to review current treatments and innovative approaches to prevent esophageal strictures after widespread endoscopic resection of esophageal lesions. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search using predetermined search terms from 2000 to 2016 to identify relevant articles and summarized their results as a narrative review...
July 13, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708248/oral-and-upper-gastrointestinal-crohn-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Robyn Laube, Ken Liu, Mark Schifter, Jessica L Yang, Michael K Suen, Rupert W Leong
Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous, inflammatory condition that can affect any location of the gastrointestinal tract. Proximal gastrointestinal involvement occurs in 0.5-16% of patients, and it is usually diagnosed after recognition of intestinal disease. Symptoms are often mild and non-specific, however upper gastrointestinal disease predicts a more severe Crohn's phenotype with a greater frequency of complications such as obstruction and perforation. Gastroscopy and biopsy is the most sensitive diagnostic investigation...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702097/pediatric-achalasia-single-center-study-of-interventional-treatment
#19
Andrzej Grabowski, Wojciech Korlacki, Michał Pasierbek, Roksana Pułtorak, Filip Achtelik, Maciej Ilewicz
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal achalasia is a rare entity in children. However, young age is a factor of failure of conservative treatment, emphasizing the role of surgery. In our institution laparoscopic Heller's cardiomyotomy is the chosen procedure for surgical treatment. AIM: To assess the outcome of surgery for achalasia treatment in children operated on in a single institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patient records from the years 1997 to 2014 was performed...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685156/road-map-fluoroscopy-successfully-guides-endoscopic-interventions-in-the-esophagus
#20
Jochen Weigt, Wilfried Obst, Arne Kandulski, Maciej Pech, Ali Canbay, Peter Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Road Map (RM) fluoroscopy is a radiological technique that enables visualization of anatomic structures using image subtraction at peak opacification. RM fluoroscopy has never previously been evaluated for use in endoscopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of RM in guiding endoscopic intervention in the esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS : This was a monocentric observational trial of consecutive patients with esophageal strictures in a university hospital...
July 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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