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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617027/efficacy-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-compared-with-other-invasive-treatment-options-for-the-different-esophageal-motor-disorders
#2
Fermín Estremera-Arévalo, Eduardo Albéniz, María Rullán, Irene Areste, Rosa Iglesias, Juan José Vila
INTRODUCTION: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been performed since 2008 on more than 5,000 patients. It has proven to be highly effective in the treatment of achalasia and has shown promising outcomes for other esophageal motility spastic disorders. METHODS: A literature review of the efficacy of POEM compared to the previous invasive treatments for different esophageal motility disorders was performed. The application in the pediatric and elderly populations and its role as a rescue therapy after other procedures are also outlined...
June 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616407/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-poem-for-treating-esophageal-motility-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Ian Wong, Simon Law
Pneumatic dilatation and Heller myotomy have been thoroughly studied as the most viable treatment options for achalasia. The pendulum, however, is shifting to the minimally invasive approach. Since Inoue et al. published the experience of the first 17 cases of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in 2010, there have been at least 5,000 cases performed worldwide and the number is increasing exponentially. Experts across the globe have been extending the indications to various esophageal motility disorders, to patients of extremes of age, sigmoidal esophagus and re-operated patients...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616399/management-of-strictures-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Koichiro Kawaguchi, Hiroki Kurumi, Yohei Takeda, Kazuo Yashima, Hajime Isomoto
Endoscopic resection of early esophageal cancer has a high therapeutic effect while being minimally invasive. Especially, the establishment of the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) procedure has made it possible to resect large lesions in an en-bloc manner. As a result, accurate pathology evaluation became possible, and the risk of local recurrence was extremely low. On the other hand, esophageal strictures after endoscopic treatment of an extensive circumferential lesion are a potential problem. Previously, for the prevention and treatment of esophageal strictures, patients had to undergo painful endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) many times...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611969/anastomotic-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-incidence-investigations-and-management-including-treatment-of-refractory-and-recurrent-strictures
#5
REVIEW
Renato Tambucci, Giulia Angelino, Paola De Angelis, Filippo Torroni, Tamara Caldaro, Valerio Balassone, Anna Chiara Contini, Erminia Romeo, Francesca Rea, Simona Faraci, Giovanni Federici di Abriola, Luigi Dall'Oglio
Improved surgical techniques, as well as preoperative and postoperative care, have dramatically changed survival of children with esophageal atresia (EA) over the last decades. Nowadays, we are increasingly seeing EA patients experiencing significant short- and long-term gastrointestinal morbidities. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most common complication following operative repair. An esophageal stricture is defined as an intrinsic luminal narrowing in a clinically symptomatic patient, but no symptoms are sensitive or specific enough to diagnose an AS...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601331/risk-factors-for-delayed-gastric-emptying-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-without-pyloric-drainage
#6
Lei Zhang, Sheng-Cai Hou, Jin-Bai Miao, Hui Lee
BACKGROUND: The incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after esophagectomy is 10%-50%, which can interfere with postoperative recovery in the short-term and result in poor quality of life in the long term. Pyloric drainage is routinely performed to prevent DGE, but its role is highly controversial. The aim of this study was to report the rate of DGE after esophagectomy without pyloric drainage and to investigate its risk factors and the potential effect on recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2015, we analyzed 285 consecutive patients who received an esophagectomy without pyloric drainage...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587747/flexible-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-stenosis-in-children-with-noninvasive-ventilation-support
#7
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Wen-Jue Soong, Mei-Jy Jeng, Yu-Sheng Lee, Pei-Chen Tsao, Ya-Ling Chou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stenosis (ES) is characterized by dysphagia, failure to thrive, and long-term disability. It requires repeated management because it is refractory. Traditionally, these procedures are performed under general anesthesia with airway intubation. PURPOSE: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of the management of interventional flexible endoscopy (IFE) performed with a novel noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support. METHODS: Use of a short-length flexible endoscope with NIV of pharyngeal oxygen, nose closure, and abdominal compression during IFE was investigated...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550869/achalasia
#8
Saleem Islam
Achalasia is a rare neurogenic motility disorder of the esophagus, occurring in approximately 0.11 cases per 100,000 children. The combination of problems (aperistalsis, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (LES), and lack of receptive LES relaxation) results in patients having symptoms of progressive dysphagia, weight loss, and regurgitation. Treatment modalities have evolved over the past few decades from balloon dilation and botulinum toxin injection to laparoscopic Heller myotomy and endoscopic myotomy...
April 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492712/lugol-s-iodine-chromoendoscopy-versus-narrow-band-image-enhanced-endoscopy-for-the-detection-of-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-stenosis-secondary-to-caustic-corrosive-agent-ingestion
#9
Caterina Maria Pia Simoni Pennachi, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Renato Bastos Pimenta Amorim, Hugo Gonçalo Guedes, Vivek Kumbhari, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of corrosion cancer should be suspected in patients with corrosive ingestion if after a latent period of negligible symptoms there is development of dysphagia, or poor response to dilatation, or if respiratory symptoms develop in an otherwise stable patient of esophageal stenosis. Narrow Band Imaging detects superficial squamous cell carcinoma more frequently than white-light imaging, and has significantly higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with white-light...
May 8, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489746/pediatric-esophagopleural-fistula-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Yun Cui, Yuqian Ren, Yijun Shan, Rongxin Chen, Fei Wang, Yan Zhu, Yucai Zhang
Esophagopleural fistula (EPF) is rarely reported in children with a high misdiagnosis rate. This study aimed to reveal the clinical manifestations and managements of EPF in children.Two pediatric cases of EPF in our hospital were reported. A bibliographic search was performed on the PubMed, WANFANG, and CNKI databases for EPF-related reports published between January 1980 and May 2016. The pathogeny, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis of EPF patients were collected and discussed.Based on conservative treatments, 1 pediatric EPF case induced by cervical trauma was cured by longitudinal septum incision-mediated drainage...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475827/muscular-thickness-of-lower-esophageal-sphincter-and-therapeutic-outcomes-in-achalasia-a-prospective-study-using-high-frequency-endoscopic-ultrasound
#11
Shih-Wei Li, Ping-Huei Tseng, Chien-Chuan Chen, Wei-Chih Liao, Kao-Lang Liu, Jang-Ming Lee, Yi-Chia Lee, Seng-Kee Chuah, Ming-Shiang Wu, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with achalasia typically have thicker lower esophageal sphincter muscles, which can affect the distensibility of the esophagogastric junction. We aimed to assess whether these muscular features, measured using high-frequency endoscopic ultrasound, affect treatment outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with suspected achalasia were enrolled prospectively. They underwent a comprehensive diagnostic work-up, including endoscopic ultrasound...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475741/clinical-presentation-and-disease-course-of-patients-with-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction
#12
K L Lynch, Y-X Yang, D C Metz, G W Falk
Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction, characterized by preserved peristalsis in conjunction with an elevated integrated relaxation pressure, can result from specific anatomic variants or may represent achalasia in evolution. There is limited information on the clinical significance of this diagnosis. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in our cohort of patients with esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction.Consecutive adult patients who had undergone high-resolution esophageal manometry between February 2013 and November 2015 with a diagnosis of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction were identified...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465785/endoscopic-balloon-catheter-dilatation-via-retrograde-or-static-technique-is-safe-and-effective-for-cricopharyngeal-dysfunction
#13
Vinay Chandrasekhara, Joyce Koh, Lakshmi Lattimer, Kerry B Dunbar, William J Ravich, John O Clarke
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dilatation for cricopharyngeal (CP) dysfunction. To determine if: (1) indication for dilatation; or (2) technique of dilatation correlated with symptom improvement. METHODS: All balloon dilatations performed at our institution from over a 3-year period were retrospectively analyzed for demographics, indication and dilatation site. All dilatations involving the UES underwent further review to determine efficacy, complications, and factors that predict success...
April 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446997/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-early-stage-esophageal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Bo Ning, Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Mohamed O Othman
Mortality from esophageal cancer remains high despite advances in medical therapy. Although the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus remains unchanged, the incidence of the esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over time. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD and obesity are contributing factors to the development of Barrett's esophagus and subsequent development of adenocarcinoma. Early recognition of the disease can lead to resection of esophageal cancer prior to the development of lymphovascular invasion...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446976/per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#15
REVIEW
Steven R DeMeester
Symptoms in patients with achalasia are produced by outflow obstruction at the level of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). As a consequence of neural destruction the LES does not undergo normal swallow-induced relaxation. In addition, the esophageal body loses normal peristaltic function and esophageal emptying is on the basis of gravity. All therapies for achalasia are palliative in that normal LES or esophageal body function cannot be restored. The efficacy of any therapy for achalasia is directly related to its ability to reduce the outflow obstruction at the LES...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437322/double-lumen-polyamide-tube-stent-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-postcorrosive-esophageal-stenosis
#16
Marek Woynarowski, Maciej Dądalski, Violetta Wojno, Mikołaj Teisseyre, Leszek Hurkała, Emil Płowiecki
This article presents the results of endoscopic treatment for recurrent postcorrosive esophageal stenosis with a tube-stent developed at our institution. The tube-stent was implanted in 5 children with corrosive esophageal injury at the age of 2 to 8.5 years after 7 to 64 dilatation sessions during 5 to 118 months. In total, 13 tube-stents were implanted. One patient had undergone 9 procedures during 2.5 years and the tube-stent remained in place for 14 to 250 days. This patient was tube-stent-dependent due to the lack of any possibility of surgical reconstruction...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429201/how-to-approach-lymphocytic-esophagitis
#17
REVIEW
Anh D Nguyen, Kerry B Dunbar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lymphocytic esophagitis (LE) is an unusual esophageal condition defined by an increased number of lymphocytes in the esophageal epithelium. With few published studies of LE available, it is unclear whether LE is a truly distinct clinical entity or a histological manifestation of other known gastrointestinal disorders. This review summarizes recent studies of lymphocytic esophagitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have suggested that LE may be related to eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) or a manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428721/proposed-criteria-to-differentiate-heterogeneous-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorders-of-the-esophagus-including-eosinophilic-esophageal-myositis
#18
Hiroki Sato, Nao Nakajima, Kazuya Takahashi, Go Hasegawa, Ken-Ichi Mizuno, Satoru Hashimoto, Satoshi Ikarashi, Kazunao Hayashi, Yutaka Honda, Junji Yokoyama, Yuichi Sato, Shuji Terai
AIM: To define clinical criteria to differentiate eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EoGD) in the esophagus. METHODS: Our criteria were defined based on the analyses of the clinical presentation of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), subepithelial eosinophilic esophagitis (sEoE) and eosinophilic esophageal myositis (EoEM), identified by endoscopy, manometry and serum immunoglobulin E levels (s-IgE), in combination with histological and polymerase chain reaction analyses on esophageal tissue samples...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426463/treatments-for-achalasia-in-2017-how-to-choose-among-them
#19
Peter J Kahrilas, John E Pandolfino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent advances in achalasia diagnostics and therapeutics. RECENT FINDINGS: The cardinal feature of achalasia, impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation, can occur in association with varied patterns of esophageal contractility. The Chicago Classification distinguishes among these as follows: without contractility (type I), with panesophageal pressurization (type II), with premature (spastic) distal esophageal contractions (type III), or even with preserved peristalsis [esophagogastric junction (EGJ) outlet obstruction]...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424985/postoperative-complications-and-functional-outcome-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-results-from-longitudinal-single-center-follow-up
#20
Florian Friedmacher, Birgit Kroneis, Andrea Huber-Zeyringer, Peter Schober, Holger Till, Hugo Sauer, Michael E Höllwarth
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) represent major therapeutic challenges, frequently associated with serious morbidities following surgical repair. The aim of this longitudinal study was to assess temporal changes in morbidity and mortality of patients with EA/TEF treated in a tertiary-level center, focusing on postoperative complications and their impact on long-term gastroesophageal function. METHODS: One hundred nine consecutive patients with EA/TEF born between 1975 and 2011 were followed for a median of 9...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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