keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Humeral

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244698/restoration-of-humeral-bone-stock-two-years-after-internal-fixation-of-a-periprosthetic-fracture-with-a-loose-stem-a-report-of-two-cases
#1
Christian Fang, Chun-Hoi Yan, Dennis Yee, Tak-Wing Lau, Tak-Man Wong, Frankie Leung
CASE: We describe 2 patients who sustained a periprosthetic humeral fracture with a loosened long-stemmed Coonrad-Morrey total elbow prosthesis. As noted in the literature, the success rate for a major revision with use of strut grafts is around 70%; therefore, both cases were managed without revision of the prosthesis. A submuscular locking plate was placed following typical fracture fixation principles. Screws that interfered with the humeral stem and the distal flange stabilized both the distal fragment and the humeral stem...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242802/resistant-non-union-of-humerus-after-intramedullary-nailing-treated-with-locking-compression-plate-with-bone-grafting-with-nail-in-situ-and-shoulder-spica-a-case-report
#2
Jagdeep Singh, Anoop Kalia, Kavin Khatri, Anshul Dahuja
Introduction: Humerus non-union is a challenging situation for the surgeon and devastating and morbid situation for the patient. Surgical approach to the humerus is demanding because of the complex neurovascular anatomy and especially when previous surgeries have been attempted. Case Report: We report a case of a young adult male who sustained a compound fracture of humerus shaft treated with intramedullary nailing followed by subsequent bone grafting and eventually landed up in non-union and was treated at our center by locking compression plate application with nail in situ with iliac crest autogenous bone graft followed by shoulder spica application...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241960/trends-in-common-surgical-procedures-at-children-s-and-nonchildren-s-hospitals-between-2000-and-2009
#3
Heather L Short, Samir Sarda, Curtis Travers, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Though growth in children's surgical expenditures has been documented, procedure-specific differences in volume and costs at children's hospitals (CH) and non-hildren's hospitals (NCH) have not been explored. Our purpose was to compare trends in volume and costs of common pediatric surgical procedures between CH and NCH. METHODS: We performed a review of the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database identifying all cases of appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis (AP), tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA), fundoplication (FP), humeral fracture repair (HFR), pyloromyotomy (PYL), and cholecystectomy (CHOLE)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238870/chest-radiograph-measurement-technique-facilitates-accurate-bedside-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement-in-children
#4
Aishu Ramamurthi, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Anthony N Hage, Jason J Grove, Joseph J Gemmete, Timothy D Johnson, Ravi N Srinivasa
PURPOSE: To report the chest radiograph measurement technique for placing bedside peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-two consecutive pediatric patients, mean age of 56.3 months (range: 0-203 months), underwent PICC placement from January 2015 to May 2017 (28 months) with a total of 232 PICCs placed. Measurements were taken from the cavoatrial junction to clavicle, clavicle to medial margin of mid-humeral head, and medial margin of mid-humeral head to mid-humerus...
December 13, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238180/efficacy-comparison-of-intramedullary-nails-locking-plates-and-conservative-treatment-for-displaced-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly
#5
Wei Ge, Qi Sun, Gen Li, Guanghua Lu, Ming Cai, ShaoHua Li
Purpose: The incidence of proximal humeral fractures is high in the elderly, and the superior management of these fractures remains a controversy. The study aims to compare clinical outcomes of intramedullary nails, locking plates and conservative treatment for the management of displaced proximal humeral fractures in the elderly. Patients and methods: In this prospective study, a total of 198 patients with 2- or 3-part proximal humeral fractures who received fixation of locking plates or intramedullary nails or conservative treatment were included...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234592/experience-of-total-scapular-excision-for-musculoskeletal-tumor-and-reconstruction-in-eastern-asian-countries
#6
Katsuhiro Hayashi, Xiaohui Niu, Xiaodong Tang, Vivek Ajit Singh, Apichat Asavamongkolkul, Akira Kawai, Norio Yamamoto, Toshiharu Shirai, Akihiko Takeuchi, Hiroaki Kimura, Shinji Miwa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
Total scapulectomy and reconstruction has been performed for scapular tumor, however, most of the reconstruction methods have resulted in poor functional outcomes and there is still room for improvement. Most of the reports of reconstruction after scapulectomy are from a single institution. In the present study, we investigated functional outcomes after total scapulectomy in a multicenter study in The Eastern Asian Musculoskeletal Oncology Group (EAMOG). Thirty-three patients who underwent total scapulectomy were registered at EAMOG affiliated hospitals...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228945/trends-in-incidence-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-surgical-procedures-and-outcomes-among-elderly-hospitalized-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-in-spain-2001-2013
#7
Maria Angeles Martinez-Huedo, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Eduardo Mora-Zamorano, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Manuel Villanueva-Martinez, Ana Lopez-de-Andres
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that diabetic persons have an increased risk for fractures than non-diabetes patients. The association between proximal humerus fractures and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is unclear and some studies point to insulin treatment, hypoglycaemic episodes consequently to inadequate control of diabetes or, more recently, to an alteration of trabecular bone. We examined trends in the incidence of proximal humerus fractures, surgical procedures and outcomes among hospitalized patients aged ≥65 years, with and without T2DM in Spain, 2001-2013...
December 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225017/qualitative-and-quantitative-anatomy-of-the-proximal-humerus-muscle-attachments-and-the-axillary-nerve-a-cadaveric-study
#8
Gilbert Moatshe, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Jorge Chahla, Márcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, George F Lebus, Alex W Brady, Rachel M Frank, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To provide a quantitative and qualitative anatomic analysis of the pectoralis major, teres major, and latissimus dorsi on the humerus, as well as the deltoid tendinous attachments on the proximal humerus and acromion, and to quantitatively characterize the humeral course of the axillary nerve. METHODS: Ten nonpaired, fresh-frozen human cadaveric shoulders were analyzed. A portable coordinate-measuring device quantified the location of bony landmarks and tendon attachment areas...
December 7, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223630/postoperative-loss-of-midline-function-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#9
Dustin A Greenhill, Arianna Trionfo, Frederick V Ramsey, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
PURPOSE: To identify the rate of and predictive variables for functionally limited shoulder internal rotation in postoperative patients with brachial plexus birth palsy. METHODS: Records of patients with brachial plexus birth palsy who had surgery on the affected upper extremity during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics, physical examinations, and all upper extremity procedures were recorded. Loss of midline function (LOM) was defined as a Modified Mallet Scale or Active Movement Scale (AMS) internal rotation score <3...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222072/heparan-sulfate-potentiates-leukocyte-adhesion-on-cardiac-fibroblast-by-enhantcing-vcam-1-and-icam-1-expression
#10
Francisco Olivares-Silva, Rodolfo Landaeta, Pablo Aránguiz, Samir Bolivar, Claudio Humeres, Renatto Anfossi, Raúl Vivar, Pía Boza, Claudia Muñoz, Viviana Pardo-Jiménez, Concepción Peiró, Carlos F Sánchez-Ferrer, Guillermo Díaz-Araya
Cardiac fibroblasts (CF) act as sentinel cells responding to chemokines, cytokines and growth factors released in cardiac tissue in cardiac injury events, such as myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac injury involves the release of various damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) including heparan sulfate (HS), a constituent of the extracellular matrix (ECM), through the TLR4 receptor activation triggering a strong inflammatory response, inducing leukocytes recruitment. This latter cells are responsible of clearing cell debris and releasing cytokines that promote CF differentiation to myofibroblast (CMF), thus initiating scar formation...
December 5, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221576/an-important-lesson-in-assessing-neurovascular-involvement-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-the-presence-of-neuropathic-pain-in-a-dysvascular-limb
#11
Ashok K Singh, William Rudge, Tom Quick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218772/signals-for-identifying-cows-at-risk-of-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-in-dairy-veterinary-practice
#12
REVIEW
E Humer, J R Aschenbach, V Neubauer, I Kröger, R Khiaosa-Ard, W Baumgartner, Q Zebeli
Controlling rumen disorders is critical to ensure successful dairy herd health management. Lactation diets of dairy cows are commonly rich in concentrates and low in physically effective fibre. Feeding of these diets increases the risk of rumen disorders with far-reaching consequences for cattle health, welfare and sustainability of dairy production. The term subacute ruminal acidosis or SARA is often used as a synonym for poor rumen health. Being subclinical, SARA lacks of clear symptoms and is therefore difficult to diagnose and to control in the practice...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218290/critical-upper-limb-ischemia-due-to-brachial-tourniquet-in-misdiagnosed-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-after-carpal-tunnel-decompression-a-case-report
#13
Cesare Tiengo, Andrea Monticelli, Stefano Bonvini, Valentina Wassermann, Erica Dalla Venezia, Franco Bassetto
We present the case of a 68-year-old woman, referred to our department for critical upper limb ischemia, which had occurred a few days after homolateral surgical ligamentotomy for carpal tunnel syndrome, diagnosed and confirmed by electromyography, and performed with a brachial tourniquet. The patient was later admitted for subsequent progressive necrosis of the first three fingers of the left hand, accompanied by signs of upper limb ischemia. An accessory cervical rib was identified, completely obliterating the subclavian artery distally at the origin of the suprascapular artery...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216740/new-concepts-of-radiologic-preoperative-evaluation-of-anterior-shoulder-instability-on-track-and-off-track-lesions
#14
Aishwarya Gulati, Riham Dessouky, Vibhor Wadhwa, Drew Sanders, Avneesh Chhabra
The shoulder is the most frequently dislocated joint in the body due to a larger range of motion and a small area of articulation between the humeral and glenoid surfaces. Traumatic shoulder dislocations, especially those associated with injury to the labroligamentous or bony stabilizers of the joint, lead to further reduction of articular surface contact with resultant glenohumeral instability and recurrent shoulder dislocations. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in the preoperative evaluation of patients with traumatic shoulder instability by evaluating glenohumeral bone loss (uni- or bipolar), assessing soft tissue injuries and identifying patients at risk of postoperative recurrence...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214396/triple-management-of-cubitus-valgus-deformity-complicating-neglected-nonunion-of-fractures-of-lateral-humeral-condyle-in-children-a-case-series
#15
Yasser Abed, Khaled Nour, Yasser Roshdy Kandil, Abed El-Negery
BACKGROUND: Long standing nonunion of the lateral humeral condyle (LHC) usually results in elbow pain and instability with progressive cubitus valgus and tardy ulnar neuritis. Surgical treatment of long standing nonunion is still a controversial issue due to the reported complications, such as stiffness, loss of elbow motion, and avascular necrosis of the LHC fragment. In this study, we reported the outcomes of treatment of cubitus valgus deformity in long standing nonunion of the LHC in children treated with combined triple management (fixation of the nonunion site, dome corrective osteotomy, and anterior transposition of ulnar nerve) through a modified para-triceptal approach...
December 6, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213295/trabecular-architecture-in-the-forelimb-epiphyses-of-extant-xenarthrans-mammalia
#16
Eli Amson, Patrick Arnold, Anneke H van Heteren, Aurore Canoville, John A Nyakatura
Background: Bone structure has a crucial role in the functional adaptations that allow vertebrates to conduct their diverse lifestyles. Much has been documented regarding the diaphyseal structure of long bones of tetrapods. However, the architecture of trabecular bone, which is for instance found within the epiphyses of long bones, and which has been shown experimentally to be extremely plastic, has received little attention in the context of lifestyle adaptations (virtually only in primates)...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213017/topographical-anatomy-of-the-pronator-teres-muscle-and-median-nerve-a-study-using-histological-sections-of-human-fetuses
#17
Shinichi Abe, Naomitsu Tomita, Masahito Yamamoto, Minako Sato, Hiroshi Abe, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez
The median nerve passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the pronator teres muscle (PT), although variations such as absence of the ulnar head may exist. We observed histological sections of the upper extremity from 24 embryos and fetuses. In the early stage, the PT extended between the radius and the medial epicondyle of the humerus, but no candidate for the ulnar head was found. In mid-term fetuses, the ulnar margin of the PT was attached to the elbow joint capsule. Moreover, in late-stage fetuses, a small deep part of the PT arose from the thick joint capsule of the humero-ulnar joint near the coronoid process of the ulna...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212694/minimising-aseptic-loosening-in-extreme-bone-resections-custom-made-tumour-endoprostheses-with-short-medullary-stems-and-extra-cortical-plates
#18
J D Stevenson, C Wigley, H Burton, S Ghezelayagh, G Morris, S Evans, M Parry, L Jeys
AIMS: Following the resection of an extensive amount of bone in the treatment of a tumour, the residual segment may be insufficient to accept a standard length intramedullary cemented stem. Short-stemmed endoprostheses conceivably have an increased risk of aseptic loosening. Extra-cortical plates have been added to minimise this risk by supplementing fixation. The aim of this study was to investigate the survivorship of short-stemmed endoprostheses and extra-cortical plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 37 patients who underwent limb salvage surgery for a primary neoplasm of bone between 1998 and 2013...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212528/effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-training-added-to-conventional-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-humeral-fracture-early-after-surgical-treatment-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#19
Corinna Nerz, Lars Schwickert, Clemens Becker, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Janina Anna Müßig, Peter Augat
BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal humeral fractures increases with age. The functional recovery of the upper arm after such fractures is slow, and results are often disappointing. Treatment is associated with long immobilisation periods. Evidence-based exercise guidelines are missing. Loss of muscle mass as well as reduced range of motion and motor performance are common consequences. These losses could be partly counteracted by training interventions using robot-assisted arm support of the affected arm derived from neurorehabilitation...
December 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209662/prehistoric-women-s-manual-labor-exceeded-that-of-athletes-through-the-first-5500-years-of-farming-in-central-europe
#20
Alison A Macintosh, Ron Pinhasi, Jay T Stock
The intensification of agriculture is often associated with declining mobility and bone strength through time, although women often exhibit less pronounced trends than men. For example, previous studies of prehistoric Central European agriculturalists (~5300 calibrated years BC to 850 AD) demonstrated a significant reduction in tibial rigidity among men, whereas women were characterized by low tibial rigidity, little temporal change, and high variability. Because of the potential for sex-specific skeletal responses to mechanical loading and a lack of modern comparative data, women's activity in prehistory remains difficult to interpret...
November 2017: Science Advances
keyword
keyword
73027
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"