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post tuberculosis sequelae

Rupak Singla, Manashree Mallick, Parul Mrigpuri, Neeta Singla, Amitesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) mainly focuses on bacteriological cure. However, only limited studies have evaluated the sequelae left after the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the persistent symptoms, radiological sequelae, pulmonary function impairment and quality of life at the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. METHODS: Forty six MDR-TB patients were enrolled, who completed two years of treatment under programmatic management of Drug Resistant tuberculosis at a tertiary referral institute in Delhi, India...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
J C Costa, J N Machado, C Ferreira, J Gama, C Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiectasis (BC) is a multidimensional and etiologically diverse disease and, therefore, no single parameter can be used to determine its overall severity and prognosis. In this regard, two different validated scores are currently used to assess the severity of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB): the FACED score and the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI). OBJECTIVE: To describe the etiology of NCFB and compare the results of the assessment of NCFB severity obtained via FACED and BSI scores...
January 3, 2018: Pulmonology
Anthony L Byrne, Ben J Marais, Carole D Mitnick, Frances L Garden, Leonid Lecca, Carmen Contreras, Yaninna Yauri, Fanny Garcia, Guy B Marks
Cross-sectional studies reveal an association between tuberculosis (TB) and chronic airflow obstruction, but cannot adequately address confounding. We hypothesised that treated pulmonary TB is an independent risk factor for chronic airflow obstruction. The Pulmones Post TB cohort study enrolled participants from Lima, Peru, aged 10-70 years with a history of drug-susceptible (DS)- or multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB who had completed treatment and were clinically cured. Unexposed participants without TB were randomly selected from the same districts...
July 2017: ERJ Open Research
Ananya Panda, Ashu Seith Bhalla, Ankur Goyal
We systematically reviewed the role of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) in hemoptysis. Literature search was done for studies on BAE published between 1976 and 2016. Twenty-two studies published in English, with sample size of at least 50 patients, reporting indications, technique, efficacy, and follow-up were included in the final analysis. Common indications for BAE included tuberculosis (TB), post-tubercular sequelae, bronchiectasis, and aspergillomas. Most common embolizing agent used was polyvinyl alcohol (size, 300-600 μm) with increasing use of glue in recent years...
July 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Mp Swathi Karanth, Nilkanth Tukaram Awad
INTRODUCTION: Six Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a simple test used to measure exercise capacity in Chronic Pulmonary Diseases (CPDs). Decreased exercise capacity significantly affects the quality of life. The 6MWT is a known tool to measure exercise capacity and quality of life in CPD. However, the role of change in follow up Six Minute Walk Distance (6MWD) in assessing mortality and its correlation with known prognostic factors haven't been tested to the best of our knowledge. AIM: To study the correlation of change in 6MWD with change in spirometry and to study the role of 6MWD in predicting mortality in CPD...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Prabu Rajkumar, Kamaraj Pattabi, Selvaraj Vadivoo, Arvind Bhome, Bill Brashier, Prashanta Bhattacharya, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common preventable and treatable chronic respiratory disease, which affects 210 million people globally. Global and national guidelines exist for the management of COPD. Although evidence-based, they are inadequate to address the phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity in India. Co-existence of other chronic respiratory diseases can adversely influence the prognosis of COPD.India has a huge burden of COPD with various risk factors and comorbid conditions...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Avradip Santra, Pravati Dutta, Rekha Manjhi, Sudarsan Pothal
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a public health problem in developing countries and in spite of receiving adequate anti-tuberculous therapy, patients often continues to have several post-tuberculous sequelae, especially airflow limitation. AIM: To evaluate pulmonary function by spirometry among post-tuberculosis cases with airway obstruction and their relationship with smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who presented to the pulmonary medicine Outpatient Department (OPD) with symptoms of obstructive airway disease and had completed adequate anti-tuberculous therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis were taken up for study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sahil Kulkarni, Sandeepan Mukherjee, Anupama Pandey, Ritwik Dahake, Usha Padmanabhan, Abhay S Chowdhary
OBJECTIVE: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a debilitating disease caused by infection with the JE virus (JEV; family: Flaviviridae), which leaves neurological sequelae in survivors but more often leads to mortality. Neurodegeneration caused by inflammation is the primary pathology behind the clinical manifestation of encephalitis caused by JEV. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been used in immunoprophylaxis for tuberculosis and in the adjuvant therapy of many malignancies, and has exhibited neuroprotective activities in experimental models of Parkinson and Alzheimer disease...
2016: Neuroimmunomodulation
Muhammad Irfan
Tuberculosis (TB) is among the top infectious causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is associated with frequent pulmonary damage despite microbiological cure. Patients with treated TB may remain lifelong sufferers of disabling structural and functional sequelae of the disease, which subsequently impair quality of life. Long-term follow-up studies have revealed that many patients with treated pulmonary TB show signs of permanent impairment of their lung function. Impairment is variable in pattern and severity, ranging from none to severe, and shows restrictive, obstructive, or mixed patterns...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Ananya Panda, Ashu Seith Bhalla, Raju Sharma, Anant Mohan, Vishnu Sreenivas, Umasankar Kalaimannan, Ashish Dutt Upadhyay
AIMS: To study the correlation between dyspnea, radiological findings, and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical history, chest computed tomography (CT), and PFT of patients with post-TB sequelae were recorded. Dyspnea was graded according to the Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale. CT scans were analyzed for fibrosis, cavitation, bronchiectasis, consolidation, nodules, and aspergilloma...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Marcela Muñoz-Torrico, Adrian Rendon, Rosella Centis, Lia D'Ambrosio, Zhenia Fuentes, Carlos Torres-Duque, Fernanda Mello, Margareth Dalcolmo, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Antonio Spanevello, Giovanni Battista Migliori
The role of tuberculosis as a public health care priority and the availability of diagnostic tools to evaluate functional status (spirometry, plethysmography, and DLCO determination), arterial blood gases, capacity to perform exercise, lesions (chest X-ray and CT), and quality of life justify the effort to consider what needs to be done when patients have completed their treatment. To our knowledge, no review has ever evaluated this topic in a comprehensive manner. Our objective was to review the available evidence on this topic and draw conclusions regarding the future role of the "post-tuberculosis treatment" phase, which will potentially affect several million cases every year...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
A Batirel, H Erdem, G Sengoz, F Pehlivanoglu, E Ramosaco, S Gülsün, R Tekin, B Mete, I I Balkan, D Y Sevgi, E Giannitsioti, A Fragou, S Kaya, B Cetin, T Oktenoglu, A D Celik, B Karaca, E S Horasan, M Ulug, S Senbayrak, S Kaya, E Arslanalp, R Hasbun, S Ates-Guler, A Willke, S Senol, D Inan, E Güclü, G T Ertem, M M Koc, M Tasbakan, G Ocal, S Kocagoz, H Kusoglu, T Güven, A I Baran, B Dede, F Y Karadag, H Yilmaz, G Aslan, D A Al-Gallad, S Cesur, R El-Sokkary, F Sirmatel, U Savasci, G Karaahmetoglu, H Vahaboglu
We aimed to describe clinical, laboratory, diagnostic and therapeutic features of spinal tuberculosis (ST), also known as Pott disease. A total of 314 patients with ST from 35 centres in Turkey, Egypt, Albania and Greece were included. Median duration from initial symptoms to the time of diagnosis was 78 days. The most common complications presented before diagnosis were abscesses (69%), neurologic deficits (40%), spinal instability (21%) and spinal deformity (16%). Lumbar (56%), thoracic (49%) and thoracolumbar (13%) vertebrae were the most commonly involved sites of infection...
November 2015: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Alina Croitoru, Miron Alexandru Bogdan
Pulmonary rehabilitation represents a modern therapeutic approach of respiratory diseases, with a multidisciplinary character, including: physical training, therapeutic education, psychosocial counseling, and nutritional approach. Pulmonary rehabilitation addresses to any patient suffering from pulmonary pathology whose quality of life is affected by the respiratory symptoms, regardless of the degree of functional impairment. This article is an analysis of evidences from the medical literature on outcomes of rehabilitation programs conducted in various lung diseases...
April 2014: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Blandine Rammaert, Sophie Goyet, Arnaud Tarantola, Sopheak Hem, Sareth Rith, Sokleaph Cheng, Vantha Te, Patrich Lorn Try, Bertrand Guillard, Sirenda Vong, Charles Mayaud, Philippe Buchy, Laurence Borand
BACKGROUND: Little is known about post-infectious pulmonary sequelae in countries like Cambodia where tuberculosis is hyper-endemic and childhood pulmonary infections are highly frequent. We describe the characteristics of hospitalized Cambodian patients presenting with community-acquired acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) on post-infectious pulmonary sequelae (ALRIPS). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010, inpatients ≥15 years with ALRI were prospectively recruited...
October 2013: Respiratory Medicine
Elias Amorim, Roberto Saad, Roberto Stirbulov
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pre and post-operative spirometry in patients with tuberculosis sequelae undergoing lobectomy. METHODS: We selected 20 patients, aged between 15 and 56 years, of both genders, with a history of tuberculosis treatment, with repeated infections or hemoptysis and indication of pulmonary lobectomy. The tuberculosis treatment time was six months, and onset of symptoms, between one and 32. We evaluated and compared vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV1), the FEV1/FVC, forced expiratory flow (FEF) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) preoperatively and after the first, third and sixth postoperative months (POM)...
March 2013: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Hun-Gyu Hwang, Ho-Sung Lee, Jae-Sung Choi, Ki-Hyun Seo, Yong-Hoon Kim, Ju-Ock Na
BACKGROUND: Hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) frequently develops in Korea where the prevalence of TB is intermediate. The effect of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) on the control of massive hemoptysis has been well known. This study is designed to identify the risk factors contributing to rebleeding after BAE in patients with TB. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated risk factors and the time for rebleeding after BAE in 72 patients presenting with hemoptysis...
March 2013: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Anant Mehrotra, Kuntal Kanti Das, Anup P Nair, Rajan Kumar, A K Srivastava, Rabi Narayan Sahu, Raj Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) of the cranio-vertebral junction (CVJ) is a rare condition, accounting for 0.3 % to 1 % of all cases of spinal TB. Early diagnosis and treatment are important in preventing long-term neurological sequelae. Management protocol of this rare site of TB is yet to be conclusively established. This holds particularly true for pediatric age group in which this condition is infrequently encountered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 consecutive pediatric patients presented to the Department of Neurosurgery at Sanjay Gandhi Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, from January 1997 to October2011 with clinical and/or radiological features suggestive of CVJ TB...
May 2013: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
François Spertini, Régine Audran, Floriana Lurati, Opokua Ofori-Anyinam, Frédéric Zysset, Pierre Vandepapelière, Philippe Moris, Marie-Ange Demoitié, Pascal Mettens, Carlota Vinals, Ilse Vastiau, Erik Jongert, Joe Cohen, W Ripley Ballou
UNLABELLED: Prevention of tuberculosis (TB) through vaccination would substantially reduce the global TB burden. Mtb72F/AS02 is a candidate TB vaccine shown to be immunogenic and well tolerated in PPD-negative adults. We evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of Mtb72F/AS02 in Mycobacterium-primed adults (BCG-vaccinated, or infected adults who had received post-exposure chemoprophylaxis or treatment for pulmonary TB disease). In this observer-blind controlled trial, 20 BCG-vaccinated adults and 18 adults previously infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), were randomized 3:1 to receive three doses of Mtb72F/AS02 or AS02 at one-month intervals, and followed for 6 months post third vaccination...
March 2013: Tuberculosis
Gilbert Massard, Anne Olland, Nicola Santelmo, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz
This review describes diagnosis and management of sequelae of post-primary tuberculosis. It addresses elementary lesions such as bronciectasis, fibrostenosis, cavitation and broncholithiasis, the more complex situation of destroyed lung, and complications such as aspergilloma, hemoptysis and broncho-esophageal fistula.
August 2012: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
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