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Facial deformity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631675/-the-morphological-and-clinical-aspects-of-the-curvature-of-the-nasal-septum
#1
V N Krasnozhen, D A Shcherbakov, A V Volodeev, L A Musina, Yu A Garskova
The curvature of the nasal septum (NS) is one of the most widespread deformations of the facial skeleton. The objective of the present study was to substantiate the principles of and develop the rationale for the surgical correction and conservative treatment of this condition based on the morphological features of various types of deflection of the nasal septum. We have undertaken the morphological analysis of the osseous and cartilaginous structures determining the type and the shape of the curvature of the nasal septum together with the clinical analysis of different morphological variants of the deflection of the nasal septum making use of the R...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630649/a-complete-duplication-of-x-chromosome-resulting-in-a-tricentric-isochromosome-originated-by-centromere-repositioning
#2
N Villa, D Conconi, D Gambel Benussi, G Tornese, F Crosti, E Sala, L Dalprà, V Pecile
BACKGROUND: Neocentromeres are rare and considered chromosomal aberrations, because a non-centromeric region evolves in an active centromere by mutation. The literature reported several structural anomalies of X chromosome and they influence the female reproductive capacity or are associated to Turner syndrome in the presence of monosomy X cell line. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of chromosome X complex rearrangement found in a prenatal diagnosis. The fetal karyotype showed a mosaicism with a 45,X cell line and a 46 chromosomes second line with a big marker, instead of a sex chromosome...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623555/goldenhar-syndrome-current-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Katarzyna Bogusiak, Aleksandra Puch, Piotr Arkuszewski
BACKGROUND: Progress in medical branches that has taken place since the first child with Goldenhare syndrome (GS) had been described in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, facilitated better understanding of this congenital defect. It also gave new perspectives and the opportunity to achieve satisfactory treatment results, mainly due to development of surgical techniques. DATA SOURCES: Based on the literature and own experience, we discussed the phenotype of presentation of GS, ethiopathogenesis, genetic counselling and treatment with particular emphasis on surgery correction of hemifacial microsomia...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613155/dye-enhanced-visualization-of-rat-whiskers-for-behavioral-studies
#4
Jacopo Rigosa, Alessandro Lucantonio, Giovanni Noselli, Arash Fassihi, Erik Zorzin, Fabrizio Manzino, Francesca Pulecchi, Mathew E Diamond
Visualization and tracking of the facial whiskers is required in an increasing number of rodent studies. Though many approaches have been employed, only high-speed videography has proven adequate for measuring whisker motion and deformation during interaction with an object. However, whisker visualization and tracking is challenging for multiple reasons, primary among them the low contrast of the whisker against its background. Here we demonstrate a fluorescent dye method suitable for visualization of one or more rat whiskers...
June 14, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604380/microsurgical-scia-siea-flap-for-facial-contour-correction-in-patient-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#5
Andrea Battisti, Andrea Cassoni Cassoni, Davina Bartoli, Marco Della Monaca, Giorgio Barbera, Edoardo Cerbelli, Valentino Valentini
AIM: We propose our experience in soft tissue reconstruction in Hemifacial microsomia using a free fascioadiposal flap. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a congenital disorder characterized by craniofacial malformation of one or both sides of the lower face. A 18-year-old female presented with hemifacial microsomia involving the left side. A free SCIA/SIEA fascioadiposal flap was transferred to the left face for soft tissue augmentation. RESULTS: The immediate postoperative course of the patient was uneventful, with no complication and adequate augmentation in contour deformity was achieved...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603707/maxillary-resection-for-cancer-zygomatic-implants-insertion-and-palatal-repair-as-single-stage-procedure-report-of-three-cases
#6
Pietro Salvatori, Antonio Mincione, Lucio Rizzi, Fabrizio Costantini, Alessandro Bianchi, Emma Grecchi, Umberto Garagiola, Francesco Grecchi
BACKGROUND: Oronasal/antral communication, loss of teeth and/or tooth-supporting bone, and facial contour deformity may occur as a consequence of maxillectomy for cancer. As a result, speaking, chewing, swallowing, and appearance are variably affected. The restoration is focused on rebuilding the oronasal wall, using either flaps (local or free) for primary closure, either prosthetic obturator. Postoperative radiotherapy surely postpones every dental procedure aimed to set fixed devices, often makes it difficult and risky, even unfeasible...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598184/surface-electromyography-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery-and-condylectomy-in-active-laterognathia-a-case-report
#7
F Cullati, A Mapelli, G Beltramini, M Codari, C L Pimenta Ferreira, A Baj, A B Giannì, C Sforza
BACKGROUND: Condylar hyperplasia is a rare bone disease characterised by excessive development of mandibular condyle, which can lead to the development of asymmetric facial deformity together with malocclusion, mandibular deviation, TMJ and masticatory musculoskeletal system dysfunction. There is not a treatment protocol universally accepted. In order to determine the correct management, treatment and intervention timing of these patients, morphological examinations should be coupled with functional assessments...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589415/noma-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-in-guinea-bissau-a-case-report
#8
Tina Madsen, Candida Medina, Sanne Jespersen, Christian Wejse, Bo Langhoff Hønge
BACKGROUND: Noma is a multifactorial and multibacterial opportunistic infection that initially causes necrotic gingivitis but rapidly spreads to the nearby orofacial tissue resulting in sloughing and severe deformation of the facial structures. The majority of cases are seen in young children under the age of 6 years. Noma is strongly associated with poverty, malnutrition and immunosuppression, and is often preceded by severe systemic infections such as measles and malaria. Only few cases of noma infection in adults have been described...
June 6, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580154/parry-romberg-syndrome-presenting-with-a-giant-intracranial-aneurysm-a-case-report
#9
Ilse H de Lange, Anna Mt van Oploo, Feico Jj Halbertsma, F George Roos, Levinus A Bok
A giant intracranial aneurysm was diagnosed in a 10-year-old girl when she developed a right abducens nerve palsy. The aneurysm was treated successfully. Six years later, however, she presented with a progressive en coup de sabre deformity, leading to the diagnosis Parry Romberg Syndrome (PRS), a rare diagnosis characterized by hemifacial atrophy of skin, subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscle and bones and often associated with various non-specific intracerebral abnormalities. In this patient retrospective analysis of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging imaging indeed revealed intracerebral calcifications and aspecific white matter lesions...
May 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557871/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-auricular-burn-injuries
#10
Franca Kraenzlin, Oren Mushin, Shahin Ayazi, John Loree, Derek E Bell
Auricular burns represent a unique type of injury. The acute management and clinical course of these injuries can be different from other facial burns. There is a paucity of literature pertaining to the epidemiology and acute management of auricular burns. Most studies focus on deformity reconstruction. The aim of this study was to characterize the epidemiology, treatment, and outcomes of auricular burns. Data from all patients presenting to a regional burn center in a 4-year period were reviewed and those with auricular burns were identified...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545771/efficacy-of-proportional-condylectomy-in-a-treatment-protocol-for-unilateral-condylar-hyperplasia-a-review-of-73-cases
#11
Guillaume Mouallem, Zahia Vernex-Boukerma, Julie Longis, Jean-Philippe Perrin, Jean Delaire, Jacques-Marie Mercier, Pierre Corre
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) is characterized by an excessive growth of a mandibular condyle, resulting in facial, and occlusal deformities. Scintigraphic hyperactivity usually triggers the need of condylectomy. Delaire has presented a protocol for the treatment of active or non-active UCH using systematically a proportional condylectomy, which could solve both aetiology and adaptive deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate this protocol by clinical and radiographical analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530259/approach-to-the-correction-of-drooping-tip-common-problems-and-solutions
#12
P G Giacomini, S Rubino, S Mocella, M Pascali, S Di Girolamo
The drooping tip deformity is both a bothersome aesthetic feature and functional impairment of the nose. Both static and dynamic factors may affect tip appearance and it seems logical to take into account these factors when planning correction of drooping tip. Many studies have examined this topic, but its treatment remains controversial. In order to make nasal tip surgery successful, it is useful to identify the keystone anatomical characteristics of the tip itself. Naso-labial angle, nostril axis, tip rotation angle according to Frankfort plane and columellar-facial angle may be measured to assess nasal tip position...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514307/exome-sequencing-identifies-a-de-novo-mutation-of-ctnnb1-gene-in-a-patient-mainly-presented-with-retinal-detachment-lens-and-vitreous-opacities-microcephaly-and-developmental-delay-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Niu Li, Yufei Xu, Guoqiang Li, Tingting Yu, Ru-En Yao, Xiumin Wang, Jian Wang
RATIONALE: The CTNNB1 (β-catenin) gene is well known for its crucial role in cell adhesion and the Wnt-signaling pathway. Previous studies have shown that gain-of-function mutations in the CTNNB1 gene contribute to the occurrence and development of a variety of carcinomas in humans. Recently, de novo, heterozygous, loss-of-function mutations of the CTNNB1 gene were found that partially explain intellectual disability in some patients. Other major clinical symptoms in these patients included microcephaly, abnormal facial features, motor delays, speech impairments, and deformities of the hands and feet...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509671/complications-in-facial-mohs-defect-reconstruction
#14
Angelique M Berens, Sarah R Akkina, Sapna A Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature in regards to complications after reconstruction of Mohs defects, outline common pitfalls and to discuss the literature on avoiding complications as outlined per aesthetic subunit. RECENT FINDINGS: Complications in facial Mohs reconstruction commonly consist of infection, wound necrosis and dehiscence, hematoma and suboptimal scarring. However, site-specific complications such as hairline or eyebrow distortion, eyelid retraction or ectropion, nasal contour abnormality, alar retraction, nasal valve compromise, significant facial asymmetry or even oral incompetence must also be considered...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509670/pediatric-nasal-surgery-timing-and-technique
#15
Celeste C Gary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Timing of pediatric nasal surgery has always been a controversial topic. Concern over disrupting growing parts of the face and causing permanent facial deformity has led to a primarily conservative approach. Many surgeons feel that it is prudent to wait until the patient has completed nasal growth after puberty to pursue nasal surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, this attitude has been challenged with evidence that not only is nasal surgery in the pediatric age group not a detriment to facial growth, but failure to correct significant nasal deformity may actually cause dysmorphic facial growth secondary to obligate mouth breathing...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508263/new-insights-into-the-anatomy-of-the-midface-musculature-and-its-implications-on-the-nasolabial-fold
#16
Chelsea C Snider, Ashley N Amalfi, Lauren E Hutchinson, Nicole Z Sommer
BACKGROUND: The prominent nasolabial fold is a distinct feature of the aging midface. As minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream, chemodenervation is a preferred method for treating dynamic facial rhytids. We therefore sought to identify relevant nasolabial fold and midfacial muscular anatomy to determine the ideal location of neuromodulation to improve the aesthetics of the midface and nasolabial fold without altering the upper lip and smile. METHODS: Twelve hemifacial cadaveric dissections were performed to identify midface muscle origin, insertion, width, vector of pull, and neighboring structures...
May 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498505/autosomal-dominant-frontometaphyseal-dysplasia-delineation-of-the-clinical-phenotype
#17
Emma M Wade, Zandra A Jenkins, Philip B Daniel, Tim Morgan, Marie C Addor, Lesley C Adés, Debora Bertola, Axel Bohring, Erin Carter, Tae-Joon Cho, Christa M de Geus, Hans-Christoph Duba, Elaine Fletcher, Kinga Hadzsiev, Raoul C M Hennekam, Chong A Kim, Deborah Krakow, Eva Morava, Teresa Neuhann, David Sillence, Andrea Superti-Furga, Hermine E Veenstra-Knol, Dagmar Wieczorek, Louise C Wilson, David M Markie, Stephen P Robertson
Frontometaphyseal dysplasia (FMD) is caused by gain-of-function mutations in the X-linked gene FLNA in approximately 50% of patients. Recently we characterized an autosomal dominant form of FMD (AD-FMD) caused by mutations in MAP3K7, which accounts for the condition in the majority of patients who lack a FLNA mutation. We previously also described a patient with a de novo variant in TAB2, which we hypothesized was causative of another form of AD-FMD. In this study, a cohort of 20 individuals with AD-FMD is clinically evaluated...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498488/slotted-labyrinthotomy-approach-with-customized-electrode-for-patients-with-common-cavity-deformity
#18
Xingmei Wei, Yongxin Li, Qian-Jie Fu, Yue Gong, Biao Chen, Jingyuan Chen, Ying Shi, Qiaotong Su, Danmo Cui, Ting Liu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Cochlear implantation for patients with common cavity deformity (CCD) can be difficult, with a higher incidence of intra- and postoperative complications; outcomes with CCD patients are also highly variable. In this study, surgical time was compared between the traditional facial recess approach (TFRA) and the transmastoid slotted labyrinthotomy approach (TSLA). Audiological outcomes and the benefit of using customized electrode arrays for CCD patients are also discussed...
May 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498206/allograft-dermal-matrix-for-restoration-of-facial-contour-deformities
#19
Wei-Liang Chen, Zhuo-Shan Huang, Juan-Kun Liao, Rui Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494137/acute-radiology-rarely-confirms-sinus-disease-in-suspected-recurrent-acute-rhinosinusitis
#20
Henry P Barham, Alexander S Zhang, Jenna M Christensen, Raymond Sacks, Richard J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Episodic or recurrent sinonasal symptoms are often suspected as "sinus" in origin. With normal sinus radiology between events, the diagnosis of recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RecARS) is made. However, other conditions can produce episodic symptoms. In this study we analyze acutely performed computed tomography (CT) in a population with suspected or self-diagnosed "sinus" disease. METHODS: Patients referred to a tertiary clinic for suspected RecARS were assessed...
May 11, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
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