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Facial deformity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351035/conscious-perception-of-facial-asymmetry-in-a-unilateral-cleft-lip-model
#1
Allison M Dobbie, Ralph C Ward, Samuel L Oyer, Lewis J Overton, Elizabeth G Hill, Krishna G Patel
OBJECTIVE: Lip asymmetry after a unilateral cleft lip repair can be perceived as an unsatisfactory result. The objective of this study is to determine the degree of upper lip asymmetry and/or nasal alar hooding required for recognition of asymmetry in a simulated model of unilateral cleft lip. DESIGN: A model of unilateral cleft lip was created using digital morphing software to simulate asymmetries in vermilion height and nasal hooding in photographs of children...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336932/orthognathic-surgery-in-melnick-needles-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature-and-report-of-two-siblings
#2
REVIEW
J E O'Connell, B Bourke, G J Kearns
Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS) is a rare congenital X-linked dominant skeletal dysplasia, characterized by exophthalmos, a prominent forehead, and mandibular hypoplasia and retrognathism. Dental features may include anodontia, hypodontia, or oligodontia. Increased collagen content, unpredictable collagen synthesis, and abnormal bony architecture have raised concerns regarding bone splitting intraoperatively and bone healing postoperatively. This report describes the cases of two sisters with MNS, who successfully underwent orthognathic surgery consisting of bilateral mandibular ramus osteotomies combined with advancement genioplasty and iliac crest bone grafting, to correct the classical MNS facial deformity of mandibular retrognathia...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300320/free-form-deformation-approach-for-registration-of-visible-and-infrared-facial-images-in-fever-screening
#3
Yedukondala Narendra Dwith Chenna, Pejhman Ghassemi, T Joshua Pfefer, Jon Casamento, Quanzeng Wang
Fever screening based on infrared (IR) thermographs (IRTs) is an approach that has been implemented during infectious disease pandemics, such as Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. A recently published international standard indicates that regions medially adjacent to the inner canthi provide accurate estimates of core body temperature and are preferred sites for fever screening. Therefore, rapid, automated identification of the canthi regions within facial IR images may greatly facilitate rapid fever screening of asymptomatic travelers...
January 4, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299192/an-atypical-case-of-craniometaphyseal-dysplasia-case-report-and-surgical-treatment
#4
Giorgio Novelli, Emanuela Ardito, Fabio Mazzoleni, Alberto Bozzetti, Davide Sozzi
Introduction: Craniometaphyseal dysplasia is a rare hereditary bone disease presenting metaphyseal widening of the tubular bones, sclerosis of craniofacial bones and bony overgrowth of the facial and skull bones. Craniometaphyseal dysplasia occurs in an autosomal dominant (AD) and an autosomal recessive (AR) form. Case report: We present a 32-year-old patient arrived at our unit in May 2009. His main discomfort was a major limitation of the mouth opening, in the context of a craniofacial deformity...
April 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273794/prediction-of-aesthetic-reconstruction-effects-in-edentulous-patients
#5
Fusong Yuan, Cheng Cheng, Ning Dai, Yuchun Sun
The aim of the study is to establish a virtual prediction method to predict aesthetic reconstruction effects in edentulous patients. The facial soft tissue surface data before and after wearing complete dentures of ten edentulous patients were acquired with a facial Three-dimension scanner. Then, the two sets of scanned data were entered into the same coordinate system. Manual interaction was performed to extract the external boundary of the perioral appearance deformation area, and the proportional relationships of key facial anatomical features were measured...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261517/treatment-approach-to-severe-microgenia-cases-combined-use-of-osseous-and-implant-genioplasty
#6
Kemal Findikcioglu, Serhat Sibar, Ayse Gulsen
INTRODUCTION: As well as the chin is an important esthetic unit of the facial structure, it is also the region having a key role in the appearance of the face. Correction of cosmetic and functional deformities that may occur in this region because of serious hypoplasia (microgenia) is performed by chin augmentation. Chin augmentation is most frequently performed via implant or osseous genioplasty in the literature. Both 2 techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. In the literature, various studies comparing these 2 techniques and their long-term results are present, but in some severe microgenia cases, these techniques can be insufficient only for augmentation...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245094/concomitant-rhomboid-shaped-tibiae-and-fibulae-finger-like-projections-and-orthopedic-management-in-a-new-variant-of-nievergelt-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Tuna Pehlivanoğlu, Mehmet Demirel, Yavuz Sağlam, Halil İbrahim Balci, Hayati Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: The rare Nievergelt syndrome (NS) is the most severe form of mesomelic dysplasia and is characterized by disproportionate shortness of the limbs. The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical and radiological features of a rare case of NS. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we describe a female patient originally presenting with bilateral hand, lower leg, and foot deformities at the age of 10 years old. In addition to the characteristic features of NS, this patient presented with finger-like projections on her heels, bilateral hand anomalies, and atypical facial features...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245003/a-quantitative-assessment-of-lip-movements-in-different-facial-expressions-through-3-dimensional-on-3-dimensional-superimposition-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Daniele Gibelli, Marina Codari, Valentina Pucciarelli, Claudia Dolci, Chiarella Sforza
PURPOSE: The quantitative assessment of facial modifications from mimicry is of relevant interest for the rehabilitation of patients who can no longer produce facial expressions. This study investigated a novel application of 3-dimensional on 3-dimensional superimposition for facial mimicry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 10 men 30 to 40 years old who underwent stereophotogrammetry for neutral, happy, sad, and angry expressions. Registration of facial expressions on the neutral expression was performed...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238682/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-anomalous-cochleovestibular-anatomy-our-experience
#9
Mohnish Grover, Shitanshu Sharma, Shruti Bhargava, Shashank Nath Singh, Gaurav Gupta, Man Prakash Sharma
To report operative findings, postoperative course, and postimplantation performance in patients with cochlear malformations who underwent cochlear implantation. Seventeen patients with malformations which included enlarged vestibular aqueduct (n = 6), Mondini's dysplasia (n = 5) common cavity deformity (n = 3) and incomplete partition type 2 (n = 3) underwent cochlear implantation with Nucleus 22 straight array device at our center. Operative findings described facial nerve anatomy and cerebrospinal fluid leak...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232754/-measurement-of-the-strength-of-human-musculus-orbicularis-oculi-using-video-analysis
#10
Anita Koschmieder, Phillip Pisowocki, Carmen Zietz, Rainer Bader, Oliver Stachs, Anselm Jünemann
Introduction Current methods to measure the of strength of the musculus orbicularis oculi are limited by high proneness to examiner error or by their complex and impracticable set-ups. Our aim was to develop a simple and practicable method to measure eye lid power via video analysis. Methods 50 healthy subjects were included. A deformable single use lid speculum was used. Forced maximum lid closure was recorded via a video slit lamp. Analysis of the video data was performed with open source tracking software...
December 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229314/an-atypical-odontogenic-myxoma
#11
L Benjelloun, N Cherradi, A Kessab, S Dghoughi
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon tumor of the jaws, benign but locally invasive. It arises from the mesenchymal portion of the tooth germ. It has a variable non-specific clinical and radiological appearance, and may be confused with other lesions of the jaws. CASE REPORT: A patient aged 50 presented for a periodontal treatment. After routine retroalveolar x-rays, we noted a small limited radiolucency between the left mandibular canine and the left mandibular first premolar...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221913/facial-asymmetry-correction-with-moulded-helmet-therapy-in-infants-with-deformational-skull-base-plagiocephaly
#12
Matthias Kreutz, Brigitte Fitze, Christoph Blecher, Augello Marcello, Ruben Simon, Rebecca Cremer, Hans-Florian Zeilhofer, Christoph Kunz, Johannes Mayr
PURPOSE: The recommendation issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics in the early 1990s to position infants on their back during sleep to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically reduced the number of deaths due to SIDS but has also markedly increased the prevalence of positional skull deformation in infants. Deformation of the base of the skull occurs predominantly in very severe deformational plagiocephaly and is accompanied by facial asymmetry, as well as an altered ear position, called ear shift...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218477/safety-and-efficacy-of-facial-fat-grafting-under-local-anesthesia
#13
Xiaorong Ma, Liming Wu, Tianxiang Ouyang, Wenjia Ge, Jingwen Ke
BACKGROUND: Facial fat grafting under local anesthesia has been widely performed in outpatient departments and private settings in China. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of facial fat grafting under local anesthesia. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted on 155 patients who underwent facial fat grafting. The clinical data were recorded. Preoperative and postoperative two-dimensional images were acquired to evaluate the effect of facial fat grafting on refining facial contouring, rejuvenation as well as deformity reconstruction...
December 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216475/long-face-dentofacial-deformities-occlusion-and-facial-esthetic-surgical-outcomes
#14
Jeffrey C Posnick, Samuel Liu, Timothy J Tremont
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document malocclusion and facial dysmorphology in a series of patients with long face (LF) and chronic obstructive nasal breathing before treatment and the outcomes after bimaxillary orthognathic, osseous genioplasty, and intranasal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with LF undergoing bimaxillary, chin, and intranasal (septoplasty and inferior turbinate reduction) surgery was implemented...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203260/the-helsinki-face-transplantation-surgical-aspects-and-1-year-outcome
#15
Patrik Lassus, Andrew Lindford, Jyrki Vuola, Leif Bäck, Sinikka Suominen, Karri Mesimäki, Tommy Wilkman, Tuija Ylä-Kotola, Erkki Tukiainen, Hannu Kuokkanen, Jyrki Törnwall
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, at least 38 facial transplantations have been performed worldwide. We herein describe the surgical technique and 1-year clinical outcome in Finland's first face transplant case. METHODS: A 34-year-old male who had a severe facial deformity following ballistic trauma in 1999 underwent facial transplantation at the Helsinki University Hospital on 8th February 2016. Three-dimensional (3D) technology was used to manufacture donor and recipient patient-specific osteotomy guides and a donor face mask...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195246/role-of-camouflage-in-management-of-facial-trauma-deformities
#16
Oliver Y Chin, Travis T Tollefson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184738/nasal-duplication-combined-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-surgical-correction-and-long-term-follow-up
#17
Kanharith Long, Kazuaki Yamaguchi, Daniel Lonic, Vanna Long, Vuthy Chhoeurn, Lun-Jou Lo
Background: Diprosopus dirrhinus, or nasal duplication, is a rare entity of partial craniofacial duplication. Methods: The case we present is the first report of diprosopus dirrhinus associated with complete cleft lip and palate. The baby was born in Cambodia at full term by normal vaginal delivery with no significant perinatal and family history. Physical examination revealed significant facial deformity due to the duplicated nose and the left complete cleft lip/palate on the right subset...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180884/redefining-face-contour-with-a-novel-anti-aging-cosmetic-product-an-open-label-prospective-clinical-study
#18
Aurora Garre, Gemma Martinez-Masana, Jaime Piquero-Casals, Corinne Granger
Background: Skin aging is accelerated by multiple extrinsic factors: ultraviolet radiation, smoking and pollution increase oxidative activity, damaging cellular and extracellular components such as DNA, proteins, and lipids. With age, collagen and hyaluronic acid levels decline, resulting in loss of elasticity and moisture of the skin. Over time this damage leads to characteristic signs that make the skin look older: altered facial contour, sagging skin, wrinkles, and an uneven complexion...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175559/desmosterolosis-presenting-with-multiple-congenital-anomalies
#19
Mersedeh Rohanizadegan, Stephanie Sacharow
Desmosterolosis is a rare multiple congenital anomaly syndrome caused by defect in the enzyme 3-beta-hydroxysterol delta-24-reductase (DHCR24) in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. Defects in this enzyme cause increased level of the cholesterol precursor desmosterol while disrupting development of cholesterol, impacting embryogenesis. A total of 9 cases of desmosterolosis have been reported to date. We report a 20-month-old male from consanguineous parents with multiple congenital anomalies including corpus callosum hypoplasia, facial dysmorphism, cleft palate, pectus deformity, short, wide neck and distal contractures...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157190/mucopolysaccharidosis-type-vi-in-a-great-dane-caused-by-a-nonsense-mutation-in-the-arsb-gene
#20
Ping Wang, Carol Margolis, Gloria Lin, Elizabeth L Buza, Scott Quick, Karthik Raj, Rachel Han, Urs Giger
Mucopolysaccharidoses are inherited metabolic disorders that result from a deficiency of lysosomal enzymes required for the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. Lysosomal glycosaminoglycan accumulation results in cell and organ dysfunction. This study characterized the phenotype and genotype of mucopolysaccharidosis VI in a Great Dane puppy with clinical signs of stunted growth, facial dysmorphia, skeletal deformities, corneal opacities, and increased respiratory sounds. Clinical and pathologic evaluations, urine glycosaminoglycan analyses, lysosomal enzyme assays, and ARSB sequencing were performed...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
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