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Facial deformity

M Raffaini, R Cocconi, G Spinelli, T Agostini
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of both functional intranasal procedures and cosmetic rhinoplasty combined with bimaxillary surgery. METHODS: The author executed a retrospective cohort study derived from patients who underwent combined rhinoseptoplasty and bimaxillary surgery at a private practice setting (Face Surgery Center, Parma, Italy) between April 2006 and 2015 by a single surgeon. The minimum follow-up was 12 months...
March 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Celso Palmieri, Osvaldo Magro Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of morphological alterations in the condyles after orthographic surgery involving a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), with or without surgery on the maxilla. Searches were performed on three databases and registered in the PROSPERO. The selected studies fulfilled the criteria established by the following PICO model: (1) population: individuals with skeletal dentofacial deformities (class II or III facial patterns), without asymmetry; (2) intervention: orthognathic surgery for mandibular setback using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with bicortical screws or plates and screws; (3) comparison: orthognathic surgery for mandibular advancement using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with plates and screws or bicortical screws; and (4) outcome: condylar resorption rate and relapse...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Peter Stoustrup, Christian Kerting Iversen, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Cory M Resnick, Carlalberta Verna, Sven Erik Nørholt, Shelly Abramowicz, Annelise Küseler, Paolo Maria Cattaneo, Troels Herlin, Thomas Klit Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often experience abnormal facial growth. Three-dimensional (3D) assessment of dentofacial growth deviation has become more common with advancement and commercialization of imaging technologies. However, no standardized guidelines exist for interpretation of 3D imaging in patients with JIA. The aim of this study was to propose and validate morphometric measures for the 3D radiographic assessment of dentofacial growth deviation in patients with JIA to enhance: 1) Description of dentofacial growth deviation; 2) Treatment planning; 3) Longitudinal follow-up...
2018: PloS One
Jin-Qing Xiao, Hai-Jiang Sun, Qi-Hui Qiao, Xin Bao, Chuan-Bin Wu, Qing Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare surgical outcomes after the removal of submandibular gland (SMG) stones via 2 different surgical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to July 2016, a total of 40 patients with SMG stones were selected from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, China Medical University (Shenyang, China), and were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Twenty patients underwent sialendoscopy-assisted stone removal via extraoral incision with preservation of the SMG, and 20 patients underwent traditional SMG resection...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Xiaokang Yu, Na Lei, Yalin Wang, Xianfeng Gu
3D dynamic surface tracking is an important research problem and plays a vital role in many computer vision and medical imaging applications. However, it is still challenging to efficiently register surface sequences which has large deformations and strong noise. In this paper, we propose a novel automatic method for non-rigid 3D dynamic surface tracking with surface Ricci flow and Teichmüller map methods. According to quasi-conformal Teichmüller theory, the Techmüller map minimizes the maximal dilation so that our method is able to automatically register surfaces with large deformations...
October 2017: Proceedings
Shigeto Koyama, Hiroyasu Kanetaka, Yoshinori Sagehashi, Keiichi Sasaki, Naoko Sato
PURPOSE: Patients treated with maxillofacial prosthetics often experience emotional problems because of the remaining facial skin concavity such as a surgical scar. In such cases, cosmetic treatment can potentially correct their skin tone imperfections and deformities. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical availability of novel cosmetics-based material for craniofacial small concavity by initiating a cosmetic treatment in a preliminary case. METHODS: Eighteen patients with aesthetic problems such as craniofacial deformities, small defects, and concavities on their faces underwent cosmetic treatment that was performed by makeup practitioners...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Norio Kasai, Osamu Kondo, Koichi Suzuki, Yoshinori Aoki, Norihisa Ishii, Masamichi Goto
BACKGROUND: Facial deformation as a sequela of leprosy is caused not only by a saddle nose but also by regression of the maxilla, as well documented in paleopathological observations of excavated skeletal remains of patients with leprosy. However, maxillary changes in living patients have been evaluated only by the subjective visual grading. Here, we attempted to evaluate maxillary bone deformation in patients with leprosy using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). METHODS: Three-dimensional images centered on the maxilla were reconstructed using multiplanar reconstruction methods in former patients with leprosy (n = 10) and control subjects (n = 5); the anterior-posterior length of the maxilla (MA-P) was then measured...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Kohei Okuyama, Masashi Yamashiro, Atsushi Kaida, Aya Kawamata, Miho Mizutani, Yasuyuki Michi, Narikazu Uzawa, Tomoyuki Yano, Rei Tohyama, Satoshi Yamaguchi
For young growing children before the end of skeletal maturity, the growth activity of the grafted bone after hemimandibulectomy is not well-known. After an adolescence, such a patient may have facial deformity because the anterior growth point of the mandible is in the condylar neck. A 13-year-old boy was performed hemimandibulectomy with immediate mandibular reconstruction by fibula free flap (FFF) because of a huge ameloblastic fibroma. The authors evaluated the length of FFF on the images of computed tomography (CT) at 5 and 60 months after the operation and compared them by calculating growth rates...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Woo Shik Jeong, Jang Yeol Lee, Jong Woo Choi
The surgery-first approach (SFA) is a new paradigm in orthognathic surgery. In our experience over the last 10 years, SFA, particularly for the correction of the class III dentofacial deformity and facial asymmetry, has demonstrated high success rates without any major complications. However, many craniofacial surgeons remain concerned about the skeletal stability of SFA. In the present study, the authors aimed to compare the traditional and SFA with regard to the long-term outcomes of vertical skeletal stability using large-scale data...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
T Zogheib, R Jacobs, M M Bornstein, J O Agbaje, D Anumendem, Y Klazen, C Politis
Background: Three dimensional facial scanning is an innovation that provides opportunity for digital data acquisition, smile analysis and communication of treatment plan and outcome with patients. Objectives: To assess the applicability of 3D facial scanning as compared to 2D clinical photography. Materials & Methods: Sample consisted of thirty Caucasians aged between 25 and 50 years old, without any dentofacial deformities. Fifteen soft-tissue facial landmarks were identified twice by 3 observers on 2D and 3D images of the 30 subjects...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Kihwan Han, Sangho Oh, Jaehoon Choi, Sang Woo Park
BACKGROUND: Alar transfixion sutures are commonly used for vestibular web correction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the use of alar transfixion sutures in patients with a unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity using photogrammetric analysis. METHODS: The study included 42 patients who were divided into child and adult groups. A total of 4 measurement items were evaluated from a basal view by photogrammetry using standardized clinical photographic techniques preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Knut Nottrott, Cécile De Guio, Michael Schramme
We report an unusual case of a young Quarter Horse with a large dental fracture fragment displaced into the maxillary sinus, leaving an oroantral communication that caused food impaction and metaplastic calcification in the sinus and facial deformation with cutaneous fistulation. Oral extraction of a remaining tooth fragment from its alveolus was succeeded by a maxillary sinusotomy for removal of the abnormal sinus contents. Since the oroantral fistula did not heal spontaneously following the placement of a silicone dental prosthesis, minimally invasive transbuccal and transnasal endoscopic approaches were used to encourage closure of the oroantral fistula by alveolar granulation...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
Mohammed Ahmed Hussein, In Sik Yun, Dong Won Lee, Hanna Park, Kim Yong Oock
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis is a common childhood musculoskeletal anomaly that might result in permanent craniofacial deformity, facial asymmetry, and changes in the cervical vertebrae, if not treated during early childhood. Although there have been many studies on cervical vertebral changes, their onset in children has not been previously studied. METHODS: Fifteen patients (aged <8 years) with a confirmed diagnosed of torticollis were included...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Afzaal Bashir, Farid Ahmad Khan, Sadia Nosheen Jan, Muhammad Imran, Fridoon Jawad Ahmad, Mahmood S Choudhery
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of conventional fat grafting for facial contour deformities and to describe clinical outcome of a patient with contour deformity of face treated with ex vivo expanded adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) enriched fat graft. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from September 2015 to September 2017...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Min-Jeong Cho, Rami R Hallac, Jananie Ramesh, James R Seaward, Nuno V Hermann, Tron A Darvann, Angelo Lipira, Alex A Kane
BACKGROUND: Restoring craniofacial symmetry is an important objective in the treatment of many craniofacial conditions. Normal form has been measured using anthropometry, cephalometry, and photography, yet all of these modalities have drawbacks. In this study, the authors define normal pediatric craniofacial form and craniofacial asymmetry using stereophotogrammetric images, which capture a densely sampled set of points on the form. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, normal, healthy children (n = 533) with no known craniofacial abnormalities were recruited at well-child visits to undergo full head stereophotogrammetric imaging...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
A Yu Zaytcev, K V Dubrovin, V A Svetlov
BACKGROUND: The development of modern video - and endoscopic equipment allows for revision and adjust to modern protocols for maintaining patency of the difficult airway, especially in maxillofacial or ENT -surgery. THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Comparison the efficacy ofvarious methods of maintaining the airway patency in the practice of reconstructive maxillofacial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 89 patients, who were divided into 4 groups, were examined...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Athina Chatzigianni, Chrystalla Kyprianou, Moschos A Papadopoulos, Sossani Sidiropoulou
PURPOSE: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease with multiple potential causal factors. In case of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) affection, the inflammatory reaction can result in restricted mandibular growth with implied skeletal and facial deformities. Aim of the present study was to examine dentoalveolar and occlusion characteristics in children with JIA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 66 children (27 boys, 39 girls) with JIA...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Huda Gharaibeh, Moussa A Barqawi, Khetam Al-Awamreh, Mohammed Al Bashtawy
BACKGROUND: β-thalassemia major (BTM) is an inherited blood disorder leading to severe anemia. A better understanding of BTM complications can be considered an important factor in developing effective health care provision. METHOD: A descriptive exploratory design was used to identify the clinical burden of BTM from affected children's perspective. A convenience sample of 45 patients with BTM, accompanied by a family member, was recruited from a governmental hospital during April-May 2015...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Bojian Li, Sun Chen, Kun Sun, Rang Xu, Yurong Wu
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, which is characterized by deformities of upper limbs and congenital heart defects. Alterations of TBX5 gene have been identified to be the leading cause of HOS, while some cases could not be explained by TBX5 mutations. In our study, we preliminarily diagnosed a newborn baby, who had Tetralogy of Fallot, thumb agenesis, facial dysplasia, and right ear canal malformation, as HOS. Chromosome microarray analyses showed no pathological deletions or replications of chromosome segments; whole exome sequencing screened out six candidate genes that were involved in cardiac diseases or syndromes among which SALL4 has been reported as HOS related gene...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
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