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Peripheral arterial disease AND Calcification

Philippa Howlett, Jane K Cleal, Huihai Wu, Nikunj Shah, Alex Horton, Nick Curzen, Michael Mahmoudi
Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may serve as potential biomarkers in a variety of pathologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether miRNAs could serve as blood-based markers of isolated coronary artery calcification (CAC) defined as CAC in the absence of an underlying metabolic abnormality. Methods: 24 age-matched and sex-matched patients who had been referred for elective CT coronary calcium score and angiography as part of investigation for cardiac chest pain were recruited...
2018: Open Heart
W Toppen, W Suh, O Aksoy, P Benharash, C Bowles, R J Shemin, M Kwon
OBJECTIVE: With the introduction of the latest generation Sapien 3 transcatheter aortic valve, there has been a reduction in the usage of transapical (TA) approach for TAVRs in many centers. However, despite the smaller sheath size and more stream-lined delivery system, vascular complications continue to occur, especially in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Thus, our institution has maintained a stringent TA protocol aiming to prevent these complications. We hypothesize that this protocol has helped to reduce vascular complications and improve outcomes at our institution even in the Sapien 3 era...
March 6, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Guido Kranenburg, Pim A de Jong, Jonas W Bartstra, Suzanne J Lagerweij, Marnix G Lam, Jeannette Ossewaarde-van Norel, Sara Risseeuw, Redmer van Leeuwen, Saskia M Imhof, Harald J Verhaar, Job J de Vries, Riemer H J A Slart, Gert Luurtsema, Annemarie M den Harder, Frank L J Visseren, Willem P Mali, Wilko Spiering
BACKGROUND: In pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), low pyrophosphate levels may cause ectopic mineralization, leading to skin changes, visual impairment, and peripheral arterial disease. OBJECTIVES: The authors hypothesized that etidronate, a pyrophosphate analog, might reduce ectopic mineralization in PXE. METHODS: In the Treatment of Ectopic Mineralization in Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum trial, adults with PXE and leg arterial calcifications (n = 74) were randomly assigned to etidronate or placebo (cyclical 20 mg/kg for 2 weeks every 12 weeks)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Gerard M London
Accelerated ageing is observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)/end-stage renal disease. Premature vascular aging and arterial stiffening are the most characteristic features of this "progeria" that is already observed in those with the early stages of CKD. Aortic stiffening is associated with high characteristic impedance, left ventricular hypertrophy, decreased coronary perfusion, and is a strong prognostic marker of mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. With aging, the arterial stiffening is more pronounced in the aorta and central arteries than in peripheral conduit arteries...
January 26, 2018: Blood Purification
Rajkumar Doshi, Evan Shlofmitz, Perwaiz Meraj
Objective Percutaneous revascularization for patients with peripheral arterial disease has become a treatment of choice for many symptomatic patients. The presence of severe arterial calcification presents many challenges for successful revascularization. Atherectomy is an adjunctive treatment option for patients with severe calcification undergoing percutaneous intervention. We sought to analyze the impact of atherectomy on in-hospital outcomes, length of stay, and cost in the percutaneous treatment of peripheral arterial disease...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
Pierleone Lucatelli, Marco Cini, Giulio Tommasino, Antonio Benvenuti, Giulia Guaccio, Stefano Bascetta, Eugenio Neri, Carmelo Ricci
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of using the Tigris vascular stent (Gore, Flagstaff, Arizona) alone or in combination with the Viabahn stent (Gore) for revascularizing femoropopliteal Trans-Atlantic Intersociety Consensus (TASC) type B-D lesions with varying degrees of calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with Rutherford stage ≥ 3 and TASC type ≥ B were included in the study. From January 2015 to April 2017, 31 segments in 31 patients (21 men, ovarall mean age 73...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Felipe Aluja Jaramillo, Fernando R Gutierrez, Federico G Díaz Telli, Sebastian Yevenes Aravena, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Sanjeev Bhalla
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a condition characterized by increased pressure in the pulmonary circulation. It may be idiopathic or arise in the setting of other clinical conditions. Patients with PH tend to present with nonspecific cardiovascular or respiratory symptoms. The clinical classification of PH was recently revised at the World Health Organization symposium in Nice, France, in 2013. That consensus statement provided an updated classification based on the shared hemodynamic characteristics and management of the different categories of PH...
February 12, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Satu M Mäkelä, Markku Asola, Henrik Hadimeri, James G Heaf, Maija Heiro, Leena Kauppila, Susanne Ljungman, Mai Ots-Rosenberg, Johan V Povlsen, Björn Rogland, Petra Roessel, Jana Uhlinova, Maarit Vainiotalo, Maria K Svensson, Heini Huhtala, Heikki Saha
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease and vascular calcifications contribute significantly to the outcome of dialysis patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of severity of abdominal aortic calcifications and peripheral arterial disease on outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients using methods easily available in everyday clinical practice. METHODS: We enrolled 249 PD patients (mean age 61 years, 67% male) in this prospective, observational, multicenter study from 2009 to 2013...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Alexey Kamenskiy, William Poulson, Sylvie Sim, Austin Reilly, Jiangtao Luo, Jason MacTaggart
OBJECTIVE: Arterial calcification and stiffening increase the risk of reconstruction failure, amputation, and mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease, but underlying mechanisms and prevalence are unclear. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Fresh human femoropopliteal arteries were obtained from n=431 tissue donors who are aged 13 to 82 years (mean age, 53±16 years) recording the in situ longitudinal prestretch. Arterial diameter, wall thickness, and opening angles were measured optically, and stiffness was assessed using planar biaxial extension and constitutive modeling...
January 25, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Imen Hamdi, Chadia Chourabi, Younes Arous, Mehdi Ghommidh, Khalil Houissa, Abdeddayem Haggui, Nadhem Hajlaoui, Dhaker Lahidheb, Nejmeddine Ben Abdallah, Wafa Fehri, Habib Haouala
Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare echocardiographic finding. It is commonly misdiagnosed as an abscess, tumor or infective vegetation on the mitral valve. Since it is a benign process, differentiating it from malignant intra-cardiac mass is primordial to avoid unnecessary surgery. Various imaging modalities can be complimentary for definitive diagnosis. We present a case of CCMA in a 71-year-old female patient. Her medical history revealed hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia and coronary artery disease...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Robert Trevethan
Although the ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been used as an indicator of peripheral artery disease and vascular supply to the foot for over 50 years, it is now associated with reservations and qualifying empirical evidence to the extent that the provocative step of abandoning it totally might be advisable. In this article, the results of three publications concerning the ABI are initially described in some depth and the results from eight additional publications are then summarized more briefly. Cumulatively, the research indicates that ABIs that seem to be normal, as well as those in the subnormal range, are often inflated by medial arterial calcification and can therefore produce a high proportion of false-negative screening test results for arterial disease as well as a misleadingly high impression of vascular sufficiency to the lower extremity...
December 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Yi-Hui Qiu, Guan-Feng Yu, Huan-Hao Zhou, Hu-Wei Xia, Li Chen, Hao-Tian Chen, Yuan-Yong Jiao, Zi-Heng Wu, Xiang-Tao Zheng
BACKGROUND: For long femoropopliteal occlusive lesions, the immediate technical failure (ITF) of endovascular treatment (EVT) is relatively high. Therefore, this study aims to reveal risk factors and establish a prediction model of ITF of EVT in femoropopliteal occlusive disease (FPOD) patients based on preoperative clinical date that may be helpful to the clinical procedures. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 1,563 FPOD patients who underwent above-the-knee EVT was undertaken...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Daniel M Arnett, James C Lee, Michael A Harms, Kathleen E Kearney, Mario Ramos, Bryn M Smith, Emily C Anderson, Rajiv Tayal, James M McCabe
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the caliber and vascular health of the subclavian and axillary arteries as related to their potential utilization in complex cardiovascular procedures. BACKGROUND: Patients referred for advanced catheter-based therapies frequently have lower extremity peripheral vascular disease that may prohibit the use of large bore arterial catheters. Utilization of the upper extremity peripheral vasculature is rarely considered as an alternative access strategy...
November 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Marco B Ancona, Francesco Giannini, Antonio Mangieri, Damiano Regazzoli, Richard J Jabbour, Akihito Tanaka, Luca Testa, Vittorio Romano, Matteo Longoni, Manuela Giglio, Francesca Besana, Michele Cacucci, Eustachio Agricola, Alaide Chieffo, Ottavio Alfieri, Matteo Montorfano, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib
A high prevalence of mitral annular calcium (MAC) is expected in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI); however, data regarding the prevalence of MAC and impact on risk of cardiovascular events are lacking. To determine the prevalence of MAC and its association with clinical outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI, we retrospectively analyzed 424 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI from 2007 to 2015 and whose preoperative computed tomography images were available for assessment of MAC...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Hasan B Altinsoy, Ozkan Alatas, Hidayet Kayancicek, Erhan Hafiz, Omer F Dogan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the bilateral forehand circulation using a 64-channel multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) as a noninvasive method to define criteria for an upper extremity arterial anatomy and pathology prior to the use of arterial conduits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five patients with coronary artery disease who underwent total arterial coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were randomly selected for this prospective study. MDCT angiography was performed for 110 examinations of forearm and hand arterial anatomy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
David J Fonseca Alves, João Bartholomeu-Neto, Edis Rodrigues Júnior, Bárbara S Ribeiro Zarricueta, Otávio T Nóbrega, Claudio Córdova
Fonseca Alves, DJ, Bartholomeu-Neto, J, Júnior, ER, Ribeiro Zarricueta, BS, Nóbrega, OT, and Córdova, C. Walking speed, risk factors, and cardiovascular events in older adults-systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3235-3244, 2017-It is important that new clinical measures can identify risk factors and predict cardiovascular events. Although the walking speed (WS) test is a potential candidate, consolidating data from multiple studies is required to determine comparative references. We examined the associations of WS measures with markers of cardiovascular risk and with cardiovascular events in noninstitutionalized subjects older than 60 years...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Steven T W van Haelst, Saskia Haitjema, Wouter Derksen, Ian van Koeverden, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Frans L Moll, Hester M den Ruijter, Gerard Pasterkamp, Gert J de Borst
BACKGROUND: Plaque characteristics such as intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) have been associated with secondary cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. In addition, carotid plaques containing macrophage infiltration or a large lipid core size were associated with less restenosis. It is currently unknown whether iliofemoral plaque histopathologic characteristics are predictive for secondary CVE in patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing iliofemoral endarterectomy...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Nelson Wang, Jordan Fulcher, Nishan Abeysuriya, Mark Adams, Sean Lal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify positive and negative predictors of technical and clinical success for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published between 2000 and 2016 analysing rates of CTO PCI success with respect to demographic and angiographic characteristics. Crude ORs and 95% CIs for each predictor were calculated using a random effects model...
October 6, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Hongxian Wu, Qiuna Du, Qiuyan Dai, Junbo Ge, Xianwn Cheng
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is an inflammatory disease characterized by extensive arterial wall matrix protein degradation. Cysteine protease cathepsins play a pivotal role in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and have been implicated in the development and progression of atherosclerosis-based cardiovascular diseases. An imbalance in expression between cathepsins (such as cathepsins S, K, L, C) and their inhibitor cystatin C may favor proteolysis of ECM in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease such as atherosclerosis, aneurysm formation, restenosis, and neovascularization...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Stanford Mwasongwe, Yan Gao, Michael Griswold, James G Wilson, Abraham Aviv, Alexander P Reiner, Laura M Raffield
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In European descent populations, shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL) has been associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality, while longer LTL has been associated with greater left ventricular hypertrophy. We evaluated the relationship of LTL with subclinical cardiovascular disease indices and incident clinical events and mortality in African Americans (AAs). METHODS: Analyses were restricted to 2518 participants of the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) with LTL measured by Southern blot in baseline blood samples...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis
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