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Occupational health

Karyne Chabert, Annie Deveaux, Alain Grossetête, Anne Jakowleff
On the initiative of health insurance companies, a group of occupational health professionals has been formed in the Rhône-Alpes region. This has resulted in the creation of a facility dedicated to the management and prevention of anxiety in the workplace. Run by a multidisciplinary team, the facility welcomes professionals who are dealing with toxic situations in the workplace. The goal is to help sufferers make the link between their health and their professional experience. Illustration of a constructive and original commitment...
September 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
Elichilia R Shao, Innocent B Mboya, Daniel W Gunda, Flora G Ruhangisa, Elizabeth M Temu, Mercy L Nkwama, Jeremia J Pyuza, Kajiru G Kilonzo, Furaha S Lyamuya, Venance P Maro
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus infection is a global health problem with the highest prevalence in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of infected people, including healthcare workers are unaware of their status. This study is aimed to determining seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and associated factors among healthcare workers in northern Tanzania. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 442 healthcare workers (HCWs) from a tertiary and teaching hospital in Tanzania before the nationwide hepatitis B vaccination campaign in 2004...
September 21, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Alberto Modenese, Leena Korpinen, Fabriziomaria Gobba
A considerably high number of outdoor workers worldwide are constantly exposed for the majority of their working life to solar radiation (SR); this exposure is known to induce various adverse health effects, mainly related to its ultraviolet (UV) component. The skin and the eye are the principal target organs for both acute and long-term exposure. Actinic keratosis, non-melanoma skin cancers, and malignant melanoma are the main long-term adverse skin effects, whereas in the eye pterygium, cataracts, and according to an increasing body of evidence, macular degeneration may be induced...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ying Cai, Fei Li, Jingdong Zhang, Zixian Wu
The awareness of occupational health risk management in the electronics industry is weak in China, and many Chinese occupational health management regulations have not been effectively implemented. China's current occupational hazards classification method and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) inhalation risk assessment model recognized internationally were used to perform health risk assessments for a chip manufacturing company in the electronics industry in order to determine the existing problems and put forward the optimization proposals of the occupational hazards classification method in China...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chaw-Yin Myint, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
OBJECTIVE: Our study explores the knowledge, perceptions, willingness to pay, and preferences of potential health insurance beneficiaries about health insurance in Myanmar. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected among two samples: the general population and Social Security Scheme (SSS) member. Mann-Whitney U test and independent sample t test were applied to compare the two samples. The data on willingness to pay for health insurance were analyzed using regression analysis...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Rongli Sun, Kai Xu, Qiaoyun Zhang, Xiaoyun Jiang, Zhaodi Man, Lihong Yin, Juan Zhang, Yuepu Pu
Benzene is an environmental and occupational contaminant. Health hazards associated with occupational benzene exposure is a major public health problem in China. In this study, we analyzed metabolite profiles among plasma samples collected from benzene-exposed workers with low white blood cell count (BLWs) and healthy controls using high-performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. To screen potential benzene hematotoxicity biomarkers and metabolic pathways, principal component analysis was used to examine metabolite profile changes in plasma samples...
September 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Jennifer W Talton, Paul J Laurienti, Stephanie S Daniel, Sara A Quandt
The mental health of Latinas with manual occupations, particularly those employed in agriculture, is a public health concern. The goals of this analysis were to describe the mental health of Latina farmworkers, and to compare their mental health with that of other Latina manual workers. Participants included 35 employed Latina farmworkers, 35 employed non-farmworkers, and 25 unemployed non-farmworkers who completed interviews in 2012. Measures included stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, elevated depressive symptoms, and risk for alcohol dependence...
April 2018: Rural Mental Health
Matthew C Reale, Daniel M Riche, Benjamin A Witt, William L Baker, Michael J Peeters
INTRODUCTION: While reports of critical thinking exist in the health professions literature, development of critical thinking across a broad range of health-professions students has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, multiple databases and journals were searched through February 2016 to identify longitudinal studies using standardized tests of critical thinking [California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST), Health Science Reasoning Test (HSRT), and Defining Issues Test (DIT)] in any language...
July 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Yanbing Zeng, Liangwen Zhang, Guanhua Yao, Ya Fang
With continuous development of the Chinese health care system, the doctor-patient relationship is increasingly tense in recent years. China has witnessed a surge in medical disputes, including many widely reported violent riots, attacks, and protests in hospitals. This study aimed to help to theorize the doctor-patient relationship based on the game theory, and analyze the current situation and influencing factors for medical disputes among different hospitalsA total of 17 hospitals were randomly selected in Xiamen city, including 8 tertiary hospitals and 9 secondary hospitals...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Walter Mazzucco, Daniele Domenico Raia, Claudia Marotta, Antonella Costa, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
Anisakis simplex spp. sensitization rates have increased worldwide, with a significant impact on health-care systems. To date, no clear-cut diagnostic criteria and laboratory algorithm have been established, so anisakiasis still represents an under-reported health problem whose clinical manifestations, when present, mimic the much more common allergic and digestive disorders. Aim of the study was to systematically review the available literature on the prevalence of sensitization against Anisakis in the general population and in specific population groups, taking into account the impact of the different available diagnostic techniques on the epidemiological data...
2018: PloS One
Thomas M Wickizer, Gary M Franklin, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe
BACKGROUND: Long-term work disability is known to have an adverse effect on the nation's labor force participation rate. To reduce long-term work disability, the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries established a quality improvement initiative that created 2 pilot Centers of Occupational Health and Education (COHE). OBJECTIVES: To document the level of work disability in a sample of injured workers with musculoskeletal injuries and to examine (8-y) work disability outcomes associated with the COHE health care model...
September 18, 2018: Medical Care
Vivek Hada, Kumar Saurabh, Anuradha Sharma, Vijaya Lakshmi Nag, Ravi Sekhar Gadepalli, Anand Kumar Maurya
Background: Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen is a significant risk to health-care workers. In any teaching hospital apart from regular health-care workers and employees, there are significant population of students and trainee. It is important to assess the health-care worker in hospital which has maximum chances of exposure to these pathogens. The aim of this study is to determine the most susceptible job group for needlestick injury (NSI) reported in a newly established teaching medical institute in the Western part of Rajasthan, India...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Ninja M Ottesen, Iselin Meluken, Thomas Scheike, Lars V Kessing, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Maj Vinberg
Background: Affective disorders have a long-term impact on psychiatric health and are caused by multiple interacting factors including familial risk, childhood adversity, life events and personality traits. Methods: In this study, monozygotic twins (MZ) at familial risk (indexed by affective disorder in their co-twin; high-risk group), affected MZ twins (indexed by a diagnosis with affective disorder) and MZ twins with no family history of affective disorder (low-risk group) were identified through cross-linking of nation-wide Danish registers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Fazel Rajabi, Mehdi Jahangiri, Hossein Molaeifar, Marzieh Honarbakhsh, Payam Farhadi
Healthcare professionals, especially nurses and pre-hospital emergency (PHE) staff, are influenced by many stressors due to their responsibility to provide comfort as well as care and treatment of patients. The aim of the present study was to identify and rank the occupational stressors in nurses and PHE staff using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) method. In this cross-sectional study, occupational stress factors in nurses and PHE staffs were identified and ranked by 30 experts, using FAHP method. Occupational stress factors were collected by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Job Stress Questionnaires as well as a literature review...
2018: EXCLI Journal
Camila Ferreira-Vorkapic, Claudio Joaquim Borba-Pinheiro, Murilo Marchioro, Daniel Santana
Background: World statistics for the prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders shows that a great number of individuals will experience some type of anxiety or mood disorder at some point in their lifetime. Mind-body interventions such as Hatha Yoga and seated meditation have been used as a form of self-help therapy and it is especially useful for challenging occupations such as teachers and professors. Aims: In this investigation, we aimed at observing the impact of Yoga Nidra and seated meditation on the anxiety and depression levels of college professors...
September 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Jacopo Junio Valerio Branca, Gabriele Morucci, Alessandra Pacini
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal that accumulates in living system and as such is currently one of the most important occupational and environmental pollutants. Cd reaches into the environment by anthropogenic mobilization and it is absorbed from tobacco consumption or ingestion of contaminated substances. Its extremely long biological half-life (approximately 20-30 years in humans) and low rate of excretion from the body cause cadmium storage predominantly in soft tissues (primarily, liver and kidneys) with a diversity of toxic effects such as nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, endocrine and reproductive toxicities...
November 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Giouliana Kadra, Athan Spiros, Hitesh Shetty, Ehtesham Iqbal, Richard D Hayes, Robert Stewart, Hugo Geerts
BACKGROUND: Computer-modelling approaches have the potential to predict the interactions between different antipsychotics and provide guidance for polypharmacy. AIMS: To evaluate the accuracy of the quantitative systems pharmacology platform to predict parkinsonism side-effects in patients prescribed antipsychotic polypharmacy. METHODS: Using anonymized data from South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust electronic health records we applied quantitative systems pharmacology, a neurophysiology-based computer model of humanized neuronal circuits, to predict the risk for parkinsonism symptoms in patients with schizophrenia prescribed two concomitant antipsychotics...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Yuko Morikagi, Tamotsu Sugawara, Ayumi Nakano, Yuko Kamimura, Tadaaki Saito
OBJECTIVES: Although both occupational health centers and occupational health service centers (OHSCs) support small-scale enterprises in Japan, the activities of OHSCs are not well detailed. This survey aimed to clarify the activities and subjective evaluation by directors and coordinators of OHSCs, with a focus on improving occupational health services in small-scale enterprises. METHODS: The survey was conducted by mailing questionnaires to 377 directors and 507 coordinators at 344 OHSCs in Japan from September 2016 to January 2017...
September 19, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Jue Yan, Yangling Ren, Zhongliang Zhou, Tiange Xu, Xiao Wang, Leilei Du, Yafei Si
BACKGROUND: Equity is an important goal for countries in formulating relevant health policies, and research on the equity of health services is more important for China, where the gap between the rich and poor is widening. The aims of this study are to explore to what extent the benefit equity of New Rural Cooperative Medical System enrollees has been achieved and to determine the geographical disparities in Shaanxi province and thus provide suggestions for future policy formulations...
September 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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