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Occupational health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928539/assessment-of-semen-quality-among-workers-exposed-to-heat-stress-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-steel-industry
#1
Masoud Hamerezaee, Somayeh F Dehghan, Farideh Golbabaei, Asad Fathi, Loghman Barzegar, Naseh Heidarnejad
Background: This study was conducted to investigate the heat stress and semen quality among male workers in a steel industry in Iran and investigate the relationship between heat stress indices and semen parameters. Methods: The study was conducted on workers exposed ( n  = 30) and unexposed ( n  = 14) to heat in a steel industry. After obtaining a brief biography of the selected employees, scrotal temperature, oral temperature, and environmental parameters were measured, and their semen samples were analyzed according to the procedure recommended by the World Health Organization...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928538/developing-a-basic-scale-for-workers-psychological-burden-from-the-perspective-of-occupational-safety-and-health
#2
Kyung Woo Kim, Ho Chan Lim, Jae Hee Park, Sang Gyu Park, Ye Jin Park, Hm Hak Cho
Background: Organizations are pursing complex and diverse aims to generate higher profits. Many workers experience high work intensity such as workload and work pressure in this organizational environment. Especially, psychological burden is a commonly used term in workplace of Republic of Korea. This study focused on defining the psychological burden from the perspective of occupational safety and health and tried to develop a scale for psychological burden. Methods: The 48 preliminary questionnaire items for psychological burden were prepared by a focus group interview with 16 workers through the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II and Mindful Awareness Attention Scale...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928531/strengthening-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-tuberculosis-prevention-capacity-among-south-african-healthcare-workers-a-mixed-methods-study-of-a-collaborative-occupational-health-program
#3
Alexandre Liautaud, Prince A Adu, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Jerry M Spiegel, Angeli Rawat, Elizabeth A Bryce, Michelle C Engelbrecht
Background: Insufficient training in infection control and occupational health among healthcare workers (HCWs) in countries with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) burdens requires attention. We examined the effectiveness of a 1-year Certificate Program in Occupational Health and Infection Control conducted in Free State Province, South Africa in an international partnership to empower HCWs to become change agents to promote workplace-based HIV and TB prevention...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928530/safety-knowledge-and-changing-behavior-in-agricultural-workers-an-assessment-model-applied-in-central-italy
#4
Massimo Cecchini, Roberto Bedini, Davide Mosetti, Sonia Marino, Serenella Stasi
Background: In recent years, the interest in health and safety in the workplace has increased. Agriculture is one of the human work activities with the highest risk indexes. Studies on risk perception of agricultural workers are often referred to as specific risk factors (especially pesticides), but the risk perception plays an important role in preventing every kind of accident and occupational disease. Methods: The aim of this research is to test a new method for understanding the relation between risk perception among farmers and the main risk factors to which they are exposed...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928527/heart-disease-and-occupational-risk-factors-in-the-canadian-population-an-exploratory-study-using-the-canadian-community-health-survey
#5
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Anson K C Li, Christine Nguyen, Jennifer Casole
Background: The objective of this study is to find temporal trends in the associations between cardiovascular disease and occupational risk factors in the context of the Canadian population. Methods: Population data were analyzed from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) collected between 2001 and 2014 for trends over time between heart disease and various occupational risk factors: hours worked, physical exertion at work, and occupation type (management/arts/education, business/finance, sales/services, trades/transportations, and primary industry/processing)...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928526/development-and-validation-of-a-practical-instrument-for-injury-prevention-the-occupational-safety-and-health-monitoring-and-assessment-tool-osh-mat
#6
Yi Sun, Martin Arning, Frank Bochmann, Jutta Börger, Thomas Heitmann
Background: The Occupational Safety and Health Monitoring and Assessment Tool (OSH-MAT) is a practical instrument that is currently used in the German woodworking and metalworking industries to monitor safety conditions at workplaces. The 12-item scoring system has three subscales rating technical, organizational, and personnel-related conditions in a company. Each item has a rating value ranging from 1 to 9, with higher values indicating higher standard of safety conditions. Methods: The reliability of this instrument was evaluated in a cross-sectional survey among 128 companies and its validity among 30,514 companies...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928525/priority-setting-for-occupational-cancer-prevention
#7
Cheryl E Peters, Alison L Palmer, Joanne Telfer, Calvin B Ge, Amy L Hall, Hugh W Davies, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers
Background: Selecting priority occupational carcinogens is important for cancer prevention efforts; however, standardized selection methods are not available. The objective of this paper was to describe the methods used by CAREX Canada in 2015 to establish priorities for preventing occupational cancer, with a focus on exposure estimation and descriptive profiles. Methods: Four criteria were used in an expert assessment process to guide carcinogen prioritization: (1) the likelihood of presence and/or use in Canadian workplaces; (2) toxicity of the substance (strength of evidence for carcinogenicity and other health effects); (3) feasibility of producing a carcinogen profile and/or an occupational estimate; and (4) special interest from the public/scientific community...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928524/vibration-and-ergonomic-exposures-associated-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-shoulder-and-neck
#8
REVIEW
Luenda E Charles, Claudia C Ma, Cecil M Burchfiel, Renguang G Dong
Background: According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) accounted for 32% of all nonfatal injury and illness cases in 2014 among full-time workers. Our objective was to review and summarize the evidence linking occupational exposures to vibration and awkward posture with MSDs of the shoulder and neck. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the terms musculoskeletal disorders, vibration, and awkward posture. All types of observational epidemiologic studies, with the exception of case reports, published during 1998-2015 were included...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927960/occupational-exposure-factors-for-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-at-work-the-forec-thesaurus
#9
Alain Chamoux, Céline Lambert, Audrey Vilmant, Charlotte Lanhers, Raymond Agius, Mounir Boutaleb, Vincent Bonneterre, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Khalid Djeriri, Eric Ben-Brik, Christine Breton, Caroline De Clavière, Corinne Letheux, Anne-Gaëlle Paolillo, Madeleine Valenty, Odile Vandenberghe, Marie-Pierre Aeschlimann, Gérard Lasfargues, Francois-Xavier Lesage, Frédéric Dutheil
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders in the workplace are a major public health problem. Knowledge of the impact of the psychosocial work environment on mental and behavioral disorders can assist occupational physicians in the identification and description of occupational risk situations, and help to define priority actions. However, no classification for occupational exposure factors is currently available. We aimed to build a thesaurus of "Organizational, Relational, Ethical and other Contributing Factors" (FOREC) linked with the onset of mental and behavioral disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927709/application-of-pythagorean-fuzzy-ahp-and-vikor-methods-in-occupational-health-and-safety-risk-assessment-the-case-of-a-gun-and-rifle-barrel-external-surface-oxidation-and-colouring-unit
#10
Muhammet Gul
The field of occupational health and safety (OHS) focuses on reducing occupational accidents to an acceptable level. OHS covers systematic efforts aimed at providing employee health, safety, and welfare in the workplaces. In this study, a new approach is proposed for risk assessment in the field of OHS. It integrates the Pythagorean fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (PFAHP) and the fuzzy VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (FVIKOR) into a risk assessment process. PFAHP is used in weighting the risk parameters...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927643/trends-in-homeless-children-and-young-adults-seeking-shelter-in-a-boston-pediatric-emergency-department-following-state-housing-policy-changes-2011-2016
#11
Mia Kanak, Amanda Stewart, Robert Vinci, Shanshan Liu, Megan Sandel
OBJECTIVES: To describe a trend in emergency department (ED) use by homeless children and young adults before and after a state housing policy change in 2012 and to quantify financial and time costs to the health care system. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed de-identified electronic medical records of homeless children and young adults aged 0 to 21 years seeking shelter at an urban tertiary pediatric ED in Boston, Massachusetts, between September 1, 2011, and August 31, 2016...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926902/self-reported-environmental-health-risks-of-nurses-working-in-hospital-surgical-units
#12
F Azizoğlu, A Köse, H Gül
AIM: This study investigated the occupational health risk factors among nurses who work in public hospital surgical units. BACKGROUND: Nursing has a significant place in healthcare systems around the world. Surgical units are environments with certain risks, especially because of the possibility of exposure to various chemical, biologic or physical hazards. METHODS: This study was conducted with 229 nurses who were working in the 11 surgery units of a big university hospital...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926475/workplace-interventions-for-reducing-sitting-at-work
#13
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Katriina T Kukkonen-Harjula, Jos H Verbeek, Sharea Ijaz, Veerle Hermans, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: A large number of people are employed in sedentary occupations. Physical inactivity and excessive sitting at workplaces have been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions to reduce sitting at work compared to no intervention or alternative interventions. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, OSH UPDATE, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrials...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926466/an-overview-and-impact-assessment-of-osha-large-dairy-local-emphasis-programs-in-new-york-and-wisconsin
#14
Amy Liebman, Eileen Franko, Iris Reyes, Matthew Keifer, Julie Sorensen
BACKGROUND: Farming has been exempted from most labor regulations and shielded from regulatory scrutiny by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Yet, agriculture and dairy in particular, has relatively high injury and fatality rates. METHODS: A recent shift in OSHA's approach to agricultural worker safety and health includes two dairy-focused Local Emphasis Programs (LEPs), one launched in Wisconsin in 2011 and the other in New York in 2014. We examine data from LEP-related, OSHA consultations and inspections as well as non-governmental audit programs, and review farmer perceptions about the LEP...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925738/-the-position-and-roles-of-occupational-health-and-safety-functions-in-the-uk-risk-management-system
#15
Tetsuo Takahashi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Koji Mori
Studying the crisis management systems of other developed countries has been effective in clarifying what the position and roles of occupational health and safety functions should be in the crisis management system in Japan. In addition to previous studies on the US system, we studied the UK system. We gathered relevant information by visiting the headquarters of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR), as well as obtaining information available via the internet. In the UK, the crisis management system was developed based on the Civil Contingencies Act of 2004, which regulated the system of planning and actual correspondence...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925349/a-systematic-review-of-working-conditions-and-occupational-health-among-immigrants-in-europe-and-canada
#16
T Sterud, T Tynes, I Sivesind Mehlum, K B Veiersted, B Bergbom, A Airila, B Johansson, M Brendler-Lindqvist, K Hviid, M-A Flyvholm
BACKGROUND: A systematic attempt to summarize the literature that examines working conditions and occupational health among immigrant in Europe and Canada. METHODS: We established inclusion criteria, searched systematically for articles included in the Medline, Embase and Social Sciences Citation Index databases in the period 2000-2016 and checked the reference lists of all included papers. RESULTS: Eighty-two studies were included in this review; 90% were cross-sectional and 80% were based on self-report...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925329/incidence-and-determinants-of-severe-maternal-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-hospital-south-west-ethiopia-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#17
Wondimagegnehu Sisay Woldeyes, Dejene Asefa, Geremew Muleta
BACKGROUND: Investigating cases of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and severe maternal outcome (SMO) and the quality of maternal health care using near-miss approach has become popular over recent years. The aim of this study was to determine facility based incidence and the determinants of severe maternal outcome (SMO) using this approach. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study among all mothers who presented to study facility while pregnant, during child birth and/or within 42 days after termination of pregnancy seeking care and found to have SMM and SMO during the study period was carried out...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925325/physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-among-latina-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Kathleen Szegda, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, Penelope Pekow, Sally Powers, Glenn Markenson, Nancy Dole, Lisa Chasan-Taber
BACKGROUND: Latina women are at increased risk for antenatal depressive disorders, which are common during pregnancy and are associated with elevated risk for poor maternal health and birth outcomes. Physical activity is a potential mechanism to reduce the likelihood of depressive symptoms. The purpose of the study was to assess whether total and domain-specific physical activity in early pregnancy reduced risk for elevated antenatal depressive symptoms in mid-late pregnancy in a population of Latina women at high-risk for depression...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924835/association-between-dry-eye-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-korean-adult-population
#19
Sun-Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh
PURPOSE: This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged ≥ 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010-2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924286/-arsenic-intake-impact-in-human-nutrition-and-health
#20
María Medina-Pizzali, Pamela Robles, Mónica Mendoza, Celeste Torres
Arsenic is an element that is widely distributed throughout the environment. Its compounds are mainly in the state of pentavalent and trivalent oxidation; and in inorganic and organic forms. Arsenical species vary in their degree of toxicity, with inorganic compounds being more toxic than organic and trivalent compounds more toxic than pentavalent compounds. There would be interconversion between the less toxic species and other more toxic species and the cooking and processing methods could affect it. Arsenic is a carcinogenic agent and causes multiple negative effects on human health in the short and long term...
January 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
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