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Occupational health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457603/the-hearing-of-rural-workers-exposed-to-noise-and-pesticides
#1
Tereza R R Sena, Solano S F Dourado, Lucas V Lima, Ângelo R Antoniolli
n work environments, different physical and chemical agents that may pose a risk to workers' hearing health coexist. In this context, occupational hearing loss stands out. It has mostly been attributed to only noise exposure, although there are other agents, that is, pesticides that might contribute to occupational hearing loss. In this report, two cases will be presented that consider rural workers exposed to pesticides and intense noise generated by an adapted rudimentary vehicle. The noise measured in this vehicle was 88...
January 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457230/impact-of-hand-eczema-on-quality-of-life-metropolitan-versus-non-metropolitan-areas
#2
Line B Nørreslet, Tove Agner, Jennifer A Sørensen, Niels E Ebbehøj, Jens P Bonde, Maja H Fisker
BACKGROUND: An inverse relationship between disease severity and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in patients with hand eczema is well established, but modifying effects of demographic variables have been less well studied. OBJECTIVE: To identify the influence of metropolitan versus non-metropolitan residence on the relationship between disease severity and HR-QoL in patients with occupational hand eczema. METHODS: The city of Copenhagen and the rest of Zealand were defined as metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#3
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455910/a-public-health-needs-assessment-for-domestic-indoor-overheating
#4
N Bundle, E O'Connell, N O'Connor, A Bone
OBJECTIVES: Indoor overheating is a potentially fatal health hazard that was identified as an issue requiring urgent action in the 2017 UK Climate Change Risk Assessment. We aimed to make research on this issue more accessible to local public health teams to encourage its inclusion in local strategic needs assessments. STUDY DESIGN: Epidemiological health needs assessment. METHODS: We adapted established health needs assessment methods, focussing on the epidemiological component, drawing evidence from a non-systematic literature review that was complemented by discussion with experts...
February 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452590/factors-associated-with-persistent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-u-s-military-service-members-and-veterans
#5
Richard F Armenta, Toni Rush, Cynthia A LeardMann, Jeffrey Millegan, Adam Cooper, Charles W Hoge
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can have long-term and far-reaching impacts on health and social and occupational functioning. This study examined factors associated with persistent PTSD among U.S. service members and veterans. METHODS: Using baseline and follow-up (2001-2013) questionnaire data collected approximately every 3 years from the Millennium Cohort Study, multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine factors associated with persistent PTSD...
February 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451776/short-term-pulmonary-toxicity-assessment-of-pre-and-post-incinerated-organomodified-nanoclay-in-mice
#6
Todd A Stueckle, Donna C Davidson, Ray Derk, Tiffany G Kornberg, Lori Battelli, Sherri Friend, Marlene Orandle, Alixandra Wagner, Cerasela Zoica Dinu, Konstantinos A Sierros, Sushant Agarwal, Rakesh K Gupta, Yon Rojanasakul, Dale W Porter, Liying Rojanasakul
Organomodified nanoclays (ONCs) are increasingly used as filler materials to improve nanocomposite strength, wettability, flammability, and durability. However, pulmonary risks associated with exposure along their chemical lifecycle are unknown. This study's objective was to compare pre- and post-incinerated forms of uncoated and organomodified nanoclays for potential pulmonary inflammation, toxicity, and systemic blood response. Mice were exposed via aspiration to low (30 µg) and high (300 µg) doses of pre-incinerated uncoated montmorillonite nanoclay (CloisNa), ONC (Clois30B), their respective incinerated forms (I-CloisNa and I-Clois30B), and crystalline silica (CS)...
February 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451393/cleaning-at-home-and-at-work-in-relation-to-lung-function-decline-and-airway-obstruction
#7
Øistein Svanes, Randi J Bertelsen, Stein Hl Lygre, Anne E Carsin, Josep M Antó, Bertil Forsberg, José M García-García, José A Gullón, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Manolis Kogevinas, Isabel Urrutia, Bénédicte Leynaert, Jesús M Moratalla, Nicole Le Moual, Theodore Lytras, Dan Norbäck, Dennis Nowak, Mario Olivieri, Isabelle Pin, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Vivi Schlünssen, Torben Sigsgaard, Trude D Skorge, Simona Villani, Debbie Jarvis, Jan P Zock, Cecilie Svanes
RATIONALE: Cleaning tasks may imply exposure to chemical agents with potential harmful effects to the respiratory system, and increased risk of asthma and respiratory symptoms among professional cleaners and in persons cleaning at home has been reported. The long-term consequences of cleaning agents on respiratory health are, however, not well described. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to investigate long-term effects of occupational cleaning and cleaning at home on lung function decline and chronic airway obstruction...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450776/modulatory-role-of-gstt1-and-gstm1-in-punjabi-agricultural-workers-exposed-to-pesticides
#8
Meenakshi Ahluwalia, Anupam Kaur
Glutathione S-transferases are important detoxification enzymes involved in the metabolism of endogenous as well as exogenous compounds. Individuals differ in metabolic capacity due to inherited genetic variations. Due to the polymorphism exhibited by GSTT1 and GSTM1 that results in the complete loss of function, the present study was aimed towards the determination of the frequency distribution of GSTT1 and GSTM1 in agricultural workers in Punjab, India. The study aimed to investigate their contribution in susceptibility to increased disease risk...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449819/knowledge-is-power-for-medical-assistants-crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-as-predictors-of-vocational-knowledge
#9
Anne Moehring, Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm
Medical education research has focused almost entirely on the education of future physicians. In comparison, findings on other health-related occupations, such as medical assistants, are scarce. With the current study, we wanted to examine the knowledge-is-power hypothesis in a real life educational setting and add to the sparse literature on medical assistants. Acquisition of vocational knowledge in vocational education and training (VET) was examined for medical assistant students ( n = 448). Differences in domain-specific vocational knowledge were predicted by crystallized and fluid intelligence in the course of VET...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448948/occupational-exposure-to-hiv-in-a-developing-country-assessing-knowledge-and-attitude-of-healthcare-professional-before-and-after-an-awareness-symposium
#10
Samina Ismail, Safia Awan, Rubaba Naeem, Sarfraz Siddiqui, Badar Afzal, Bushra Jamil, Uzma Rahim Khan
OBJECTIVE: Health care providers (HCPs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV infection. In developing world these exposure occur due to general lack of awareness, education and structured training of HCPs. The objective of the study was to asses if continuing medical education symposium can be used as an effective educational tool to improve attitude, awareness and knowledge regarding occupational exposure to HIV infection. This quasi-experimental study was conducted among HCPs from Karachi, Pakistan...
February 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448876/evaluation-of-injectable-anaesthesia-with-five-medetomidine-midazolam-based-combinations-in-egyptian-fruit-bats-rousettus-aegyptiacus
#11
Avishag Tuval, Liora Las, Yael Shilo-Benjamini
Egyptian fruit bats are increasingly used as model animals in neuroscience research. Our aim was to characterize suitable injectable anaesthesia for this species, possibly replacing inhalant anaesthesia, thus minimizing occupational health hazards. Eight bats were randomly assigned by a crossover design for subcutaneously administered combinations of medetomidine-midazolam with: saline (MM-Sal), ketamine (MM-Ket), fentanyl (MM-Fen), morphine (MM-Mor), or butorphanol (MM-But). The anaesthetic depth and vital signs were monitored at baseline and every 10 min until bats recovered...
January 1, 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447338/exposure-lag-response-in-longitudinal-studies-application-of-distributed-lag-non-linear-models-in-an-occupational-cohort
#12
Andreas M Neophytou, Sally Picciotto, Daniel M Brown, Lisa E Gallagher, Harvey Checkoway, Ellen A Eisen, Sadie Costello
Prolonged exposures can have complex relationships with health outcomes, as timing, duration, and intensity of exposure are all potentially relevant. Summary measures such as cumulative exposure or average intensity of exposure may not fully capture these relationships. We applied penalized and unpenalized distributed lag non-linear models (DLNMs) with flexible exposure-response and lag-response functions in order to examine the association between crystalline silica exposure and mortality from lung cancer and non-malignant respiratory disease in a cohort study of 2,342 California diatomaceous earth workers, followed 1942-2011...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446550/impact-of-workplace-violence-against-nurses-thriving-at-work-job-satisfaction-and-turnover-intention-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Shihong Zhao, Yu Shi, Zhinan Sun, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Shue Zhang, Tianyu Gou, Xuanye Han, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the inter-relationships between workplace violence (WPV), thriving at work, and turnover intention among Chinese nurses and explored the action mechanism among these variables. BACKGROUND: WPV is a dangerous occupational hazard globally, and it is pervasive in the health service industry. As a corollary, WPV may produce many negative outcomes among nursing staff. Consequently, it hinders nurses' professional performance and reduces nursing quality...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446318/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-airline-pilots
#14
Dana Lord, Helen Acree Conlon
The health of an airline pilot is imperative to the safe travels of millions of people worldwide. Medical providers evaluate the cardiovascular risks for airline pilots and the medical requirements to obtain and maintain licensure as an airline pilot. It is the role of the occupational health nurse practitioner to evaluate and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in this population.
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446269/a-self-report-joint-damage-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-data-among-dentists-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Luiz C de Jesus Júnior, Tamara K Tedesco, Mary C Macedo, Carlos M Agra, Anna C Mello-Moura, Susana Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are an occupational health problem that demands a high cost and may also reduce the quality of life and productivity of the dentists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MSD and its association with self-reported joint damage in dentists from São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed from two self-administered questionnaires - the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the other containing demographic and occupational data - in 6072 dentists...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446178/health-promoting-behaviours-of-iranian-nurses-and-its-relationship-with-some-occupational-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hakime Mustafaei Najaf-Abadi, Behrooz Rezaei
AIM: To assess the prevalence of health-promoting behaviours (HPBs) and their associations with some occupational factors among nurses. BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours are significant indicators of health status. Nurses' HPBs may have a direct impact on patients' care and safety. METHODS: A descriptive, questionnaire design was conducted among nursing staff (n = 136) in a district hospital in Iran during 2015. Data was collected using a two-part questionnaire, which included the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445909/the-relationship-among-preconception-depression-anxiety-and-social-support-of-the-reproductive-aged-women-in-china
#17
Jihong Xu, Ping Chen, Xu Ma
The reproductive-aged women have to face physiological and psychological challenges as long as they plan to conceive. However, most previous studies focused on depression and anxiety during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the association among preconception depression, anxiety, and social support of the Chinese reproductive-aged women. Nine-hundred five reproductive-aged women who planned to conceive for the first or second time in the next three months were recruited through the Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from three provinces in China...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445634/evaluation-of-respiratory-symptoms-among-workers-in-an-automobile-manufacturing-factory-iran
#18
Bahram Harati, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Ali Karimi, Kamal Azam, Alireza Ahmadi, Maryam Afzali Rad, Ali Harati
Background: This study estimated the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and disorders among workers exposed to exposure to volatile organic compound (VOCs) in an automobile manufacturing factory in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Methods: Subjects of this case-control research were included 80 samples including 40 workers exposed to different level of BTEX as well as 40 unexposed individuals were considered as control group. Methods 1501 and 7602 presented by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) were used for the sampling and analysis of compounds in the air...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444781/do-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-diabetes-care-address-social-inequities-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#19
Jacquie Boyang Lu, Kristin J Danko, Michael D Elfassy, Vivian Welch, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Socially disadvantaged populations carry a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. There is an emerging interest in quality improvement (QI) strategies in the care of patients with diabetes, however, the effect of these interventions on disadvantaged groups remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This is a secondary analysis of a systematic review that seeks to examine the extent of equity considerations in diabetes QI studies, specifically quantifying the proportion of studies that target interventions toward disadvantaged populations and conduct analyses on the impact of interventions on disadvantaged groups...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444179/capability-beliefs-on-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-four-health-professional-and-student-groups-in-geriatric-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Anne-Marie Boström, Disa K Sommerfeld, Annika W Stenhols, Anna Kiessling
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a complex task. This study, conducted in an acute geriatric setting, aims to compare self-reported capability beliefs on EBP between health professionals and students, and to compare the use of EBP between health professional groups. Occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists and registered nurses with three or more months' employment, and all students from the occupational therapy, medical, physiotherapy and nursing programs, who had conducted workplace learning at the department, were invited...
2018: PloS One
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