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Occupational health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245167/-are-we-really-as-happy-as-we-think-we-are-a-critical-examination-of-work-satisfaction-in-a-university-pediatric-hospital
#1
Andreas Hiemisch, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Gesine Grande, Elmar Brähler, Wieland Kiess
Goals Despite numerous reported deficits and an increasingly tense working environment in German hospitals, employees themselves often assess their job satisfaction as being high to very high. Hence, the board of directors does not have important arguments for sustainable improvement of working conditions. This discrepancy between working conditions and subjective satisfaction was the motivation for this work. Methods Data were acquired via an attitude survey at the University Hospital for Children and Adolescents Leipzig, with employees sub-divided into medical, nursing and administrative/technical staff...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244183/dna-damage-and-epigenetic-alteration-in-soybean-farmers-exposed-to-complex-mixture-of-pesticides
#2
Danieli Benedetti, Barbara Lopes Alderete, Claudia Telles de Souza, Johnny Ferraz Dias, Liana Niekraszewicz, Mónica Cappetta, Wilner Martínez-López, Juliana Da Silva
Exposure to pesticides can trigger genotoxic and mutagenic processes through different pathways. However, epidemiological studies are scarce, and further work is needed to find biomarkers sensitive to the health of exposed populations. Considering that there are few evaluations of soybean farmers, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of human exposure to complex mixtures of pesticides. The alkaline comet assay modified with restriction enzyme (hOGG1: human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase) was used to detect oxidised guanine, and compared with the buccal micronucleus cytome assay, global methylation, haematological parameters, biochemical analyses (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, gamma-glutamyl-transferase and butyrylcholinesterase), and particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) for the analysis of inorganic elements...
December 13, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#3
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243948/shanghai-health-study-2001-2009-what-was-learned-about-benzene-health-effects
#4
Sherilyn A Gross, Dennis J Paustenbach
The Shanghai Health Study (SHS) was a large epidemiology study conducted as a joint effort between the University of Colorado and Fudan University in Shanghai, China. The study was funded by members of the American Petroleum Institute between 2001 and 2009 and was designed to evaluate the human health effects associated with benzene exposure. Two arms of the SHS included: an occupational-based molecular epidemiology study and several hospital-based case control studies. Consistent with historical literature, following sufficient exposure to relatively high airborne concentrations and years of exposure, the SHS concluded that exposure to benzene resulted in an increased risk of various blood and bone marrow abnormalities such as benzene poisoning, aplastic anemia (AA), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML)...
December 15, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243453/new-self-assessment-tools-for-evaluating-work-ability
#5
Aki Vuokko, Katinka Tuisku
Assessment and support of the work ability and function is an elementary responsibility of health care. The focus of assessment lies in the remaining functional capacity and its sufficiency with respect to occupational demands. Objective and subjective perspectives, personal resources and limitations, and the subject's relationship to the environment are taken into account according to biopsychosocial models of work ability. We recommend three useful self-report measurement tools for work ability and function...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241422/factors-associated-with-injury-among-employees-at-a-u-s-army-hospital
#6
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240045/pier-diego-siccardi-1880-1917-and-the-clinica-del-lavoro-in-the-trench-warfare
#7
Michele Augusto Riva, Michela Caramella, Massimo Turato, Giancarlo Cesana
BACKGROUND: The year 2017 marks the centenary of the death of the Italian scientist Pier Diego Siccardi (1880-1917), one of Luigi Devoto's assistants at the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan. OBJECTIVES: To commemorate Siccardi and to describe the activities of the physicians of the "Clinica del Lavoro" during World War I. METHODS: A comprehensive analysis was conducted on scientific papers written by Pier Diego Siccardi and by other physicians belonging to the Clinica del Lavoro, in the period 1915-1918...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240042/range-of-motion-limitations-of-the-upper-body-in-obese-female-workers
#8
Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Luisa Brugliera, Giuseppe Ventura, Manuela Galli, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and the economic consequences of an increased percentage of obese workers are relevant in terms of health costs and absences from work. Obesity is associated with reduced participation in the workforce, increased absence from work, disability and health costs, lower salaries and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at quantifying the limitations in range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb and the trunk of obese workers during basic occupational tasks...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240041/reduction-of-excavation-face-collapse-risk-in-tunnelling
#9
Filippo Ariani, Alberto Baldasseroni, Alessandro Muller, Marco Biffino, Alessandro Matteucci
Two large road tunnels, recently developed near Florence, showed instabilities of the excavation face which subsequently caused sixteen collapses. Due to the risk for workers' safety, the public authority for occupational health and safety (ASL) has monitored the failure rate and other background variables in order to assess the possible correlations between risk reductions, its own actions, and those of the various safety actors involved. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if the interventions carried out by the design team were able to reduce the risks of collapse and which of the ASL actions and/or which other factors were more effective in changing the attitudes of the parties involved, leading to a more expensive but safer project variant...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240040/effects-of-the-work-limitations-on-the-career-path-of-a-cohort-of-health-workers
#10
Donatella Talini, Gianpaolo Romeo, Alberto Baldasseroni, Aldo Mignani, Alfonso Cristaudo
BACKGROUND: The median age of the workforce, and of healthcare workers in particular, is increasing, resulting in a reduced work capacity. This may prompt the occupational physician to issue fitness for work limitations. OBJECTIVES: To examine the health surveillance data collected over 20 years on the employees of a large healthcare institution to identify the effects of the limitations imposed on their career paths. METHODS: The database of health surveillance records gathered over the years was analysed using the same dedicated software...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240039/an-overview-of-low-back-pain-and-occupational-exposures-to-whole-body-vibration-and-mechanical-shocks
#11
Massimo Bovenzi, Marianne Schust, Marcella Mauro
This paper offers an overview of the relation of low back pain (LBP) to occupational exposures to whole-body vibration (WBV) and mechanical shocks. LBP is a condition of multifactorial origin and is a very common health problem in the general population. Among occupational risk factors, epidemiological studies of driving occupations have provided evidence for strong associations between LBP and occupational exposures to WBV and mechanical shocks. Since it is hard to separate the contribution of WBV exposure to disorders in the lower back from that of other individual, ergonomic or psychosocial risk factors, a quantitative exposure-response relationship for WBV cannot be outlined precisely...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239911/monitoring-student-immunization-screening-and-training-records-for-clinical-compliance-an-innovative-use-of-the-institutional-learning-management-system
#12
Julie Kientz Elting
Clinical compliance for nursing students is a complex process mandating them to meet facility employee occupational health requirements for immunization, screening, and training prior to patient contact. Nursing programs monitor clinical compliance with in-house management of student records, either paper or electronic, or by contracting with a vendor specializing in online record tracking. Regardless of method, the nursing program remains fully accountable for student preparation and bears the consequences of errors...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239799/occupational-determinants-of-successful-aging-in-older-physicians
#13
Chanaka Wijeratne, Carmelle Peisah, Joanne Earl, Georgina Luscombe
OBJECTIVES: Demographic, physical and psychological associations of successful aging (SA) have been evaluated, but occupational factors have not. Nor has SA been evaluated in a specific occupational group. The aims of this study were to examine the occupational associations of SA in older physicians, and to explore the concept of occupational SA. METHODS: Physicians aged 55+ years completed self-ratings of occupational and personal SA on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS; 1 being "least successful" and 10 "most successful")...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239217/effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-aluminium-on-some-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-parameters
#14
A M Samir, L A Rashed
AIM: The aim of this work was to investigate the relationships between aluminium levels, oxidative status and DNA damage in workers occupationally exposed to aluminium. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in a secondary aluminium smelter. It included 96 male workers occupationally exposed to aluminium fume and dust compared to 96 male nonexposed individuals. Full history and clinical examination were done for all participants. Laboratory investigations in the form of serum aluminium, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and comet assay test were performed...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238652/handling-of-laundry-in-nursing-homes-in-frankfurt-am-main-germany-2016-laundry-and-professional-clothing-as-potential-pathways-of-bacterial-transfer
#15
Ursel Heudorf, Stefanie Gasteyer, Maria Müller, Nicole Serra, Tim Westphal, Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard Kempf
Background: In accordance with the German Infection Protection Act, the treatment and handling of laundry was checked by the Public Health Department in 2016 in all Frankfurt nursing homes with special focus on the staff's clothing. Methods: On-site visits and surveys were conducted in all 44 nursing homes in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, and random microbiological examinations of 58 reprocessed and 58 already worn protective gowns were performed to determine the numbers of the colony forming units (cfu) and microbiological differentiation of the pathogen species...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238452/letter-to-the-editor-licensure-portability-for-occupational-audiologists-is-essential
#16
George R Cook
Occupational audiologists have a crisis in their profession and need advocates. These audiologists are primarily responsible for industrial hearing conservation programs and their compliance with multiple regulations, such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the Federal Railroad Administration. Occupational hearing programs, for the most part, are multi-state programs as companies and corporations are national organizations. Also, companies may contract services across state lines as local services may not be desired or available...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238327/transmission-of-airborne-bacteria-across-built-environments-and-its-measurement-standards-a-review
#17
REVIEW
So Fujiyoshi, Daisuke Tanaka, Fumito Maruyama
Human health is influenced by various factors including microorganisms present in built environments where people spend most of their lives (approximately 90%). It is therefore necessary to monitor and control indoor airborne microbes for occupational safety and public health. Most studies concerning airborne microorganisms have focused on fungi, with scant data available concerning bacteria. The present review considers papers published from 2010 to 2017 approximately and factors affecting properties of indoor airborne bacteria (communities and concentration) with respect to temporal perspective and to multiscale interaction viewpoint...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238268/the-mental-health-and-substance-misuse-needs-of-male-ex-armed-forces-personnel-in-prison
#18
Verity Wainwright, Charlotte Lennox, Sharon McDonnell, Jenny Shaw, Jane Senior
Ex-armed forces personnel constitute the largest known occupational group in prison but there is little evidence regarding their mental health, or substance misuse, needs. A total of 105 participants were interviewed and measures assessing symptoms of common mental health (CMH) problems and substance misuse were completed along with a review of their health care records. Forty (38%) participants screened for current CMH problems (CCMH) and high levels of dual symptomology and alcohol misuse were assessed. Thirty-nine (37%) had a mental health diagnosis recorded, most commonly for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and personality disorder...
2018: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237581/a-web-based-training-resource-for-therapists-to-deliver-an-evidence-based-exercise-program-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-of-the-hand-isarah-design-development-and-usability-testing
#19
Cynthia Swarnalatha Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Lucy Eldridge, Peter Heine, Jo Adams, Tim Cranston, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: The Strengthening and Stretching for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand (SARAH) is a tailored, progressive exercise program for people having difficulties with wrist and hand function due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The program was evaluated in a large-scale clinical trial and was found to improve hand function, was safe to deliver, and was cost-effective. These findings led to the SARAH program being recommended in the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines for the management of adults with RA...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237579/usage-pattern-differences-and-similarities-of-mobile-electronic-medical-records-among-health-care-providers
#20
Yura Lee, Yu Rang Park, Junetae Kim, Jeong Hoon Kim, Woo Sung Kim, Jae-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Recently, many hospitals have introduced mobile electronic medical records (mEMRs). Although numerous studies have been published on the usability or usage patterns of mEMRs through user surveys, investigations based on the real data usage are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Asan Medical Center, a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea, implemented an mEMR program in 2010. On the basis of the mEMR usage log data collected over a period of 4.5 years, we aimed to identify a usage pattern and trends in accordance with user occupation and to disseminate the factors that make the mEMR more effective and efficient...
December 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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