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tyroid cancer

Masoumeh Mohammadi, Mehdi Hedayati
Approximately 5-10% of all thyroid cancers are medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC). MTC is mainly sporadic in nature, but 20-30% of cases are hereditary. Genetic testing for hereditary MTC is very important for the patient and his family, but the patients must be receiving appropriate genetic counseling. About 98% of patients with hereditary MTC have germline mutations in exons 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16 and intron 16 of the REarrangement during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene, but the etiology of the more frequent sporadic form of MTC (sMTC) is not well understood...
2017: Cell Journal
Matteo Rossini, Livia Ruffini, Luca Ampollini, Federico Cozzani, Paolo Del Rio
UNLABELLED: Metastases from other primary malignancies to the thyroid gland are clinically uncommon, far less frequent than any malignant primary neoplasm, mostly affecting elderly patients. Recent autopsy studies have shown that metastases to the tyroid is relatively common, with a prevalence of of 1,9-24%. We present a case of a man (72 years old) with lung cancer and synchronous metastasis to thyroid gland. Typically the interval between the diagnosis of the primary tumor and the detection of thyroid metastasis is from one month to 26 years...
2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Mei Sun, Sheng Fang, Weiwei Li, Chengqian Li, Luan Wang, Fang Wang, Yangang Wang
BACKGROUND: Human miRNAs have emerged as potentially useful diagnostic and prognostic markers in cancer within the past decade. Abnormal expression of microRNA-146 (miR-146) has been found in several classes of cancers. OBJECTIVE: To explore expression and clinical associations of miR-146a and miR-146b in papillary thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: We investigated expressions of miR-146a and miR-146b in tissues and peripheral blood among 128 patients with primary PTC, 120 patients with nodular goiter and 120 healthy controls by RT-PCR...
2015: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
J Bartual, J Roquette
We have developed a new functional surgical technique for cancers of the larynx specially those situated glottically and subglottically which are considered remedial to a total laryngectomy. Specifically an infravestibular horizontal partial laryngectomy can be performed to remove neoplasms together with the glottis and subglottis. The larynx then may be reconstructed by suturing the bands to the ascended trachea and the conserved upper half of the tyroid cartilage. The results have been encouraging. Swallowing, phonation and respiration by the natural vias has been obtained in 8 of the 12 patients so operated...
June 27, 1978: Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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