Read by QxMD icon Read


Mariana E Kersh, Saulo Martelli, Roger Zebaze, Ego Seeman, Marcus G Pandy
Advancing age and reduced loading are associated with a reduction in bone formation. Conversely, loading increases periosteal apposition and may reduce remodeling imbalance and slow age-related bone loss, an important outcome for the proximal femur which is a common site of fracture. The ability to take advantage of bone's adaptive response to increase bone strength has been hampered by a lack of knowledge of which exercises and specific leg muscles load the superior femoral neck: a common region of microcrack initiation and progression following a sideways fall...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
V Duquennoy-Martinot, C Depoortère, C Calibre, P Guerreschi, P Patenotre
The lower gluteal flap is an autologous microsurgical breast reconstruction procedure using the soft tissue of the region of the gluteal sulcus. The perineal extension increases the volume of the sample. The pedicle with one artery and two large veins extends up the ischial notch and can reach 8 to 12cm. The two operative positions, the relative shortness of the pedicle and the firm tissues transferred are balanced by the discretion of the sequelae of the donor site and the volume which is always enough even in the slim woman...
June 15, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Elina Iordanova Schistad, Line Melå Jacobsen, Cecilie Røe, Johannes Gjerstad
Aims Previous studies have suggested that many inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1α, may be associated with lumbar radicular pain after disc herniation. In the present study, we examined how variability of the IL-1α gene affects pain intensity and the pressure pain threshold (PPT) in patients with symptomatic disc herniation. Methods A total of 121 patients with lumbar radicular pain due to disc herniation were recruited from Oslo University Hospital, Norway, and followed up at 6 weeks and 12 months...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Sharon M H Tsang, Amanda H M Lam, Melody H L Ng, Kiki W K Ng, Cherry O H Tsui, Benjamin Yiu
Abdominal exercise has been advocated to improve the protection of the spine and neuromuscular efficiency of the limb movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of enhanced contraction of internal oblique and transversus abdominis (IO/TrA) on the activity level of the hip and posterior thigh muscles during therapeutic hip exercises. Twenty healthy females were required to perform eight hip exercises under two conditions, natural versus enhanced IO/TrA contraction conditions. Muscle activity of gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae and biceps femoris of the exercising leg was measured by surface electromyography during hip exercises, and expressed in percentage normalized to the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
George J Francis, An Ngo-Huang, Laurence D Rhines, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Sacral neoplasms often present as large masses that often require sacrectomy. Multiple sacral nerve roots may be compromised post-sacrectomy and postoperative complications may result in impaired mobility, pain, orthostasis, and neurogenic bowel and bladder. CASE REPORTS: CASE #1: 58 year-old female with a sacral solitary fibrous tumor underwent a high-level sacrectomy and bilateral gluteal muscle flaps. Her rehabilitation course included management of pain, orthostasis, and neurogenic bowel and bladder...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ting Zhang, Siyue Xu, Haopeng Li, Xijing He, Feng Zhang
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical effects of arthroscopic surgery with open surgery for grade II gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) in adults and to discuss the indication and technique for arthroscopic GMC release. The clinical data of 113 adult patients with grade II GMC between 2011 and 2016 was retrospectively collected. Among these patients, 72 patients received open surgery and 41 received arthroscopic surgeryy. The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgical duration, incision size, blood loss, hospital stay, analgesic dose and ranking of postoperative functions and effects...
July 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Serpil Muge Deger, Jennifer R Hewlett, Jorge Gamboa, Charles D Ellis, Adriana M Hung, Edward D Siew, Cindy Mamnungu, Feng Sha, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Naji N Abumrad, T Alp Ikizler
Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients display significant nutritional abnormalities. Insulin is an anabolic hormone with direct effects on skeletal muscle (SM). We examined the anabolic actions of insulin, whole-body (WB) and SM protein turnover, in 33 MHD patients and 17 participants without kidney disease using hyperinsulinemic euglycemic euaminoacidemic (dual) clamp. Gluteal muscle biopsies were obtained before and after the dual-clamp. At baseline, WB protein synthesis and breakdown rates were similar in MHD patients...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Diaa-Eldin Taha, Ahmed A Shokeir, Omar A Aboumarzouk
Objective: To establish the current evidence and assess the effectiveness and safety of selective transarterial embolisation (STE) to control intractable bladder haemorrhage (IBH). Materials and methods: With a rise in the use of STE for the treatment of IBH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Results: The literature search yielded 38 studies, of which 11 were excluded because of irrelevance of data...
June 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Zhu Dai, Zhiwei Chen, Ying Liao, Zhengwu Tang, Juncheng Cui
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of contracture release by arthroscopic versus open surgical approach in patients with external snapping hip (ESH) caused by gluteal muscle contracture (GMC). METHODS: Medical records of patients with ESH due to GMC who underwent open surgery (n = 44) or arthroscopic surgery (n = 48) between October 2008 and October 2014 were reviewed. Patients were followed up at 1, 3, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Operation time, incision length, postoperative pain, postoperative complication rate, and recurrence rate were compared between the 2 groups...
March 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Vlad Luca-Pozner, Christian Herlin, Amir Karra, Sergiu Fluieraru, Florian Boissiere, Benoit Chaput
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Corinne Sommi, Frances Gill, Jeffrey D Trojan, Mary K Mulcahey
OBJECTIVES: Despite evidence that strength and conditioning (S&C) programs decrease injury risk and increase sport performance, young females are rarely offered S&C programs comparable to those of their male counterparts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current body of available literature regarding S&C in adolescent female athletes, describe potential benefits, and generate recommendations for S&C programs for female adolescent athletes. METHODS: The systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
June 9, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Kei Iwata, Kazufumi Kasuya, Kou Takayama, Yusuke Nakahara, Yoshifumi Kobayashi, Asako Kato, Hironobu Senba, Masae Yanagisawa, Tomoyuki Shibahara
A 2-year-female arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) developed anorexia, dehydration, and emaciation during the quarantine period for importation from Norway, and died 17 days later. At necropsy, a fistula was observed on the left gluteal region, and the left eye, left brain, and kidneys were discolored. Histologically, severe diffuse suppurative meningoencephalitis and renal abscesses were detected. Numerous Gram-positive cocci were detected in these lesions. Multidrug-susceptible Staphylococcus pseudintermedius were isolated from the lesions...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Liza Maniquis-Smigel, Kenneth Dean Reeves, Howard Jeffrey Rosen, John Lyftogt, Cassie Graham-Coleman, An-Lin Cheng, David Rabago
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low-back pain (CLBP) participants in a prior controlled study reported short-term pain relief after caudal epidural injection of 5% dextrose (D5W). This study assessed whether repeated caudal epidural injections of D5W results in serial short-term diminution of CLBP and progressive long-term decrease in pain and disability. DESIGN: Prospective uncontrolled study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Outpatient pain clinic. SUBJECTS: Adults with CLBP with radiation to gluteal or leg areas...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Saroj Rai, Shengyang Jin, Chunqing Meng, Nabin Chaudhary, Nira Tamang, Xiaohong Wang, Xianzhe Liu, Hong Wang, Shuhua Yang
Upon publication of this article [1], it was requested that: the corresponding author, Hong Wang's affiliation address be changed from.
June 7, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Tadanobu Onishi, Takamasa Shimizu, Shohei Omokawa, Kanit Sananpanich, Akira Kido, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: There is lack of anatomical information regarding cutaneous perforator of the popliteal artery and its connections with the descending branch of the inferior gluteal and profunda femoris arteries. We aimed to evaluate the anatomical basis of popliteal artery perforator-based propeller flap from the posterior thigh region and to demonstrate our experience utilizing this flap. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric lower extremities were dissected following injection of a silicone compound into the femoral artery...
May 30, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano, Georgina Allen, Alberto Bazzocchi, Bianca Bignotti, Vito Chianca, Fernando Facal de Castro, Elena E Drakonaki, Elena Gallardo, Jan Gielen, Andrea Sabine Klauser, Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Mauri, Eugene McNally, Carmelo Messina, Rebeca Mirón Mombiela, Davide Orlandi, Athena Plagou, Magdalena Posadzy, Rosa de la Puente, Monique Reijnierse, Federica Rossi, Saulius Rutkauskas, Ziga Snoj, Jelena Vucetic, David Wilson, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: To update the 2012 European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) clinical consensus guidelines for musculoskeletal ultrasound referral in Europe. METHODS: Twenty-one musculoskeletal imaging experts from the ESSR participated in a consensus study based on a Delphic process. Two independent (non-voting) authors facilitated the procedure and resolved doubtful issues. Updated musculoskeletal ultrasound literature up to July 2017 was scored for shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand, hip, knee, and ankle/foot...
June 6, 2018: European Radiology
Assiya El Kettani, Nabiha Kamal
We here report the case of a female infant with perinatal asphyxia requiring resuscitation. She was referred with sclerema neonatorum which had been observed by parents on her tenth day of life. The lesions appeared as hard erythematous nodular plaques, suggesting neonatal cytosteatonecrosis in the gluteal region. Patient's evolution was marked by progressive hypercalcemia reaching a peak of 128 mg/L (80-110 mg/L) for which re-hospitalization was required 1 month after birth. Renal ultrasound showed medullary nephrocalcinosis...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Túlio Armanini Blanco Souza, Letícia Marques Colomé, Eduardo André Bender, Gottfriede Lemperle
BACKGROUND: Considering that aesthetic benefits can be obtained with the use of permanent filling materials, this work focuses on the development of a consensus regarding the facial and corporal use of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) filler in Brazil. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding PMMA treatment, which included items on the main indication, application site, volume of product applied, criteria for selection of the material, complications, contraindications, and individual professional experience, was distributed to the Expert Group members...
June 5, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Clarissa Matheis, Thomas Stöggl
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To improve hip function by an additional targeted mobilization and strength training of the hip muscles within the first postoperative week following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) in contrast to standard physiotherapy. BACKGROUND: The aim of early postoperative physiotherapy is to improve the functioning of the artificial hip joint as well as the restoration of mobility and independence of the patient...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Rémy Coulomb, Anis Khelifi, Martin Bertrand, Olivier Mares, Olivier May, Philippe Marchand, Pascal Kouyoumdjian
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic piriformis release (EPR) is among the available treatments for piriformis syndrome. This procedure typically involves dividing the muscle near the sciatic nerve in the sub-gluteal space, which contains numerous blood vessels and nerves. The objectives of this prospective cadaver study were: 1) to assess the reproducibility and quality of endoscopic piriformis tenotomy near the greater trochanter; 2) to detect iatrogenic injuries to the lateral hip rotators, nerves, and vessels; 3) and to define the surgical safety margins relative to the sciatic nerve and inferior gluteal bundle...
May 28, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"