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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245045/relations-between-problem-behaviors-perceived-symptom-severity-and-parenting-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-asd-the-mediating-role-of-parental-psychological-need-frustration
#1
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Elien Mabbe, Rachel Campbell, Peter Prinzie
Research in parents of youngsters with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) increasingly documents associations between children's problem behaviors and symptom severity and more dysfunctional and less adaptive parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations have not been examined thoroughly. This study examines the mediating role of parental need frustration in the relation between child maladjustment (i.e., problem behavior and autism severity) and parenting behavior (i.e., controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting)...
December 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245029/nursing-students-learning-dynamics-and-influencing-factors-in-clinical-contexts
#2
Jung Jae Lee, Charlotte L Clarke, Maggie N Carson
Clinical placements are essential for students to develop clinical skills to qualify as nurses. However, various difficulties encountered by nursing students during their clinical education detract from developing clinical competencies. This constructivist grounded theory study aims to explore nursing students' experiences in clinical nursing education, and to identify the factors that influence the clinical education students receive. Twenty-one individual and six group semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen fourth year nursing students and four registered nurses...
December 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244757/expression-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-under-stress-encountered-during-food-production-and-preservation
#3
REVIEW
Jenny Schelin, Yusak Budi Susilo, Sophia Johler
Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) is the most prevalent cause of food-borne intoxications worldwide. Consumption of enterotoxins preformed in food causes violent vomiting and can be fatal in children and the elderly. While being repressed by competing bacteria in most matrices, Staphylococcus aureus benefits from crucial competitive advantages in foods with high osmolarity or low pH. During recent years, the long-standing belief in the feasibility of assessing SFP risk based on colony-forming units of S. aureus present in food products has been disproven...
December 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244607/a-survey-of-risk-factors-for-digit-injuries-among-dogs-training-and-competing-in-agility-events
#4
Debra C Sellon, Katherine Martucci, John R Wenz, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Michelle Powers, Kimberley L Cullen
OBJECTIVE To identify potential risk factors for digit injuries in dogs training and competing in agility events. DESIGN Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. ANIMALS 1,081 dogs training or competing in agility events. PROCEDURES Data were collected for eligible animals via retrospective surveys distributed electronically to handlers of dogs participating in agility-related activities. Variables evaluated included demographic (handlers) and signalment (dogs) information, physical characteristics of dogs, and injury characteristics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244597/relationship-between-repository-radiographic-findings-and-subsequent-performance-of-quarter-horses-competing-in-cutting-events
#5
Myra F Barrett, C Wayne McIlwraith, Erin K Contino, Richard D Park, Christopher E Kawcak, David D Frisbie, James R zumBrunnen
OBJECTIVE To investigate potential associations between repository radiographic findings and subsequent performance of Quarter Horses competing in cutting events. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE Repository radiographs (ie, radiographs obtained at the time of sale) for 343 client-owned horses. PROCEDURES Repository radiographic findings were compared with objective measures of performance, including the likelihood of competing; the likelihood of earning money as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined; and the amount of money earned as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244565/do-sperm-really-compete-and-do-eggs-ever-have-a-choice-adult-distribution-and-gamete-mixing-influence-sexual-selection-sexual-conflict-and-the-evolution-of-gamete-recognition-proteins-in-the-sea
#6
Don R Levitan
The evolution of gametic compatibility and the effectiveness of compatibility, within and across species, depend on whether sperm from different males directly compete for an egg and whether eggs ever have a choice. Direct sperm competition and egg choice depend on whether sperm from different males arrive at an egg in the brief interval between first sperm contact and fertilization. Although this process may be relevant for all sexually reproducing organisms, it is most easily examined in aquatic external fertilizers...
January 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244227/surveillance-for-hepatobiliary-cancers-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#8
Ahmad Hassan Ali, James H Tabibian, Navine Naser-Ghodsi, Ryan J Lennon, Thomas DeLeon, Mitesh J Borad, Moira Hilscher, Marina G Silveira, Elizabeth J Carey, Keith D Lindor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and gallbladder carcinoma (GBCa). Surveillance for GBCa is recommended, but the clinical utility of surveillance for other hepatobiliary cancers (HBCa) in PSC, namely CCA and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is unclear. We aimed to determine whether surveillance is associated with better survival after diagnosis of HBCa in patients with PSC. METHODS: Medical records of PSC patients seen at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 1995-2015 were reviewed...
December 15, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244156/percutaneous-increase-of-mitral-leaflet-coaptation-length-after-mitral-valve-repair-results-from-a-preclinical-study
#9
Piergiorgio Tozzi, Giuseppe Siniscalchi, Enrico Ferrari, Matthias Kirsch, Daniel Hayoz
OBJECTIVES: The failure of mitral repairs can be the result of inadequate leaflet coaptation length (CL< 8 mm at the A2-P2 level). A new annuloplasty ring conceived by the authors enables post-surgical CL increase using percutaneous balloon catheter technology. We conducted preclinical studies to assess the in vivo feasibility of the procedure and the safety of the postimplant deformable mitral ring. METHODS: The new annuloplasty ring allows the percutaneous and progressive displacement of each of the 3 anatomical regions of the posterior mitral annulus towards the anterior...
December 13, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244122/la-related-protein-1-larp1-repression-of-top-mrna-translation-is-mediated-through-its-cap-binding-domain-and-controlled-by-an-adjacent-regulatory-region
#10
Lucas Philippe, Jean-Jacques Vasseur, Françoise Debart, Carson C Thoreen
Cell growth is a complex process shaped by extensive and coordinated changes in gene expression. Among these is the tightly regulated translation of a family of growth-related mRNAs defined by a 5' terminal oligopyrimidine (TOP) motif. TOP mRNA translation is partly controlled via the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F), a translation factor that recognizes the mRNA 5' cap structure. Recent studies have also implicated La-related protein 1 (LARP1), which competes with eIF4F for binding to mRNA 5' ends. However, it has remained controversial whether LARP1 represses TOP mRNA translation directly and, if so, what features define its mRNA targets...
December 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244119/is-social-work-prepared-for-diversity-in-hospice-and-palliative-care
#11
Christine M Rine
The purpose of this article is to assess current and future trends in hospice and palliative care with the objective of informing culturally appropriate best practice for social work. Concern for the intersectionality of racial, ethnic, social, and other differences in end-of-life (EOL) care is imperative given the ever growing range of diversity characteristics among the increasing aging populations in the United States. A review of literature from the current decade that is pertinent to the profession contributes to the ability of social work to consider evidence and build agreement germane to EOL practice settings...
December 13, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244089/the-historical-progression-from-adl-scrutiny-to-iadl-to-advanced-adl-assessing-functional-status-in-the-earliest-stages-of-dementia
#12
Robert Fieo, Laura Zahodne, Ming X Tang, Jennifer J Manly, Ron Cohen, Yaakov Stern
Background: Decrements in instrumental activities (IADL) have been observed in the prodromal phase of dementia. Given the long pre-dementia stage in neuro-degenerative diseases, it has been proposed that subtle functional changes may precede clinical IADL impairment. Incorporating more challenging advanced ADLs (e.g., volunteer work) into the assessment process may increase the sensitivity of functional measures, thus expanding the window for monitoring or interventions. Methods: Longitudinal cohort study (follow-ups, 18-24 month), subjects aged >60 (n=3635)...
December 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243870/mechanistic-studies-on-nahco3-hydrogenation-and-hcooh-dehydrogenation-reactions-catalysed-by-a-fe-ii-linear-tetraphosphine-complex
#13
Rocio Marcos, Federica Bertini, Zilvinas Rinkevicius, Maurizio Peruzzini, Luca Gonsalvi, Mårten Ahlquist
We present a theoretical extension of the previously published bicarbonate hydrogenation to formate and formic acid dehydrogenation catalysed by Fe(II) complexes bearing the linear tetraphosphine ligand tetraphos-1 The hydrogenation reaction was found to proceed at the singlet surface with two competing pathways: A) H2 association to the Fe-H species followed by deprotonation to give a Fe(H)2 intermediate, which then reacts with CO2 to give formate. B) CO2 insertion into the Fe-H bond, followed by H2 association and subsequent deprotonation...
December 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243662/long-range-of-indirect-exchange-interaction-on-the-edges-of-mos-sub-2-sub-flakes
#14
Oscar Rodrigo Avalos-Ovando, D Mastrogiuseppe, Sergio E Ulloa
We study the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction between two magnetic impurities connected to the edges of zigzag-terminated MoS<sub>2</sub> flakes. When the impurities lie on the edges of the flake, the effective exchange interaction exhibits sizable noncollinear Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya character that competes with a strong Ising coupling. We analyze the characteristic decay exponent for doping levels inside the band gap of the infinite layer, corresponding to edge states of the flake at the Fermi level...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243493/quorum-sensing-network-associated-gene-regulation-in-gram-positive-bacteria
#15
Goutam Banerjee, Arun Kumar Ray
Quorum sensing (QS) is the chemical communication processes between bacteria, which may be inter-genus or intra-genus. In general, several physiological functions, such as nutrient uptake, competence development, biofilm formation, sporulation, and toxin secretion, are accomplished through QS process. The QS (cell density-dependent process) circuit in Gram-positive bacteria consists mainly of two parts: an inducer molecule and a receptor protein. The binding of inducer molecule to receptor activates the target gene, which then performs the necessary function in bacteria...
December 15, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243331/a-5-year-retrospective-audit-of-prescribing-by-a-critical-care-outreach-team
#16
Mark Wilson
UK prescribing legislation changes made in 2006 and 2012 enabled appropriately qualified nurses to prescribe any licensed medication, and all controlled drugs in schedule 2-5 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001, for any medical condition within their clinical competence. Critical Care Outreach nurses who are independent nurse prescribers are ideally placed to ensure that acutely ill patients receive treatment without delay. The perceived challenge was how Critical Care Outreach nurses would be able to safely prescribe for a diverse patient group...
December 15, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#17
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243200/the-cascading-effects-of-multiple-dimensions-of%C3%A2-implementation-on-program-outcomes-a-test-of-a-theoretical-model
#18
Cady Berkel, Anne M Mauricio, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, Carlos G Gallo, C Hendricks Brown
This study tests a theoretical cascade model in which multiple dimensions of facilitator delivery predict indicators of participant responsiveness, which in turn lead to improvements in targeted program outcomes. An effectiveness trial of the 10-session New Beginnings Program for divorcing families was implemented in partnership with four county-level family courts. This study included 366 families assigned to the intervention condition who attended at least one session. Independent observers provided ratings of program delivery (i...
December 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243101/fractures-in-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-of-users-of-breast-cancer-hormonal-therapy
#19
Joan M Neuner, Yushu Shi, Amanda L Kong, Sailaja Kamaraju, Elizabeth C Smith, Alicia J Smallwood, Purushottam W Laud, John A Charlson
PURPOSE: Although users of aromatase inhibitors have higher total fracture risk in some randomized trials, little is known about their risk outside of clinical trials or in older higher-risk cohorts. METHODS: In a population-based retrospective cohort study, we identified all older US Medicare D prescription drug insurance plan-enrolled women who had initial breast cancer surgery in 2006-2008 and began hormonal therapy (an aromatase inhibitor (AI) or tamoxifen) within the subsequent year...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242979/calling-phenology-of-a-diverse-amphibian-assemblage-in-response-to-meteorological-conditions
#20
T Lynette Plenderleith, Danial Stratford, Gregory W Lollback, David G Chapple, Richard D Reina, Jean-Marc Hero
The strong association between amphibian activity, breeding and recruitment with local environmental conditions raises concerns regarding how changes in climate may affect the persistence of species populations into the future. Additionally, in a highly diverse assemblage of anurans, competition for breeding sites affects the time and duration of activity, as species compete for limited resources such as water. Meteorological conditions are strong drivers of amphibian activity, so we assessed whether temperature, rainfall, atmospheric pressure and humidity were associated with the calling phenology of an assemblage of anurans in South East Queensland, Australia...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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