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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770086/critical-appraisal-toolkit-cat-for-assessing-multiple-types-of-evidence
#1
D Moralejo, T Ogunremi, K Dunn
Healthcare professionals are often expected to critically appraise research evidence in order to make recommendations for practice and policy development. Here we describe the Critical Appraisal Toolkit (CAT) currently used by the Public Health Agency of Canada. The CAT consists of: algorithms to identify the type of study design, three separate tools (for appraisal of analytic studies, descriptive studies and literature reviews), additional tools to support the appraisal process, and guidance for summarizing evidence and drawing conclusions about a body of evidence...
September 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766628/health-professional-student-education-related-to-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-a-survey-of-universities-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#2
Esther Vance, Melanie K Farlie, Bridget Kool, Anne Tiedemann, Anna L Hatton, Catherine Sherrington, Daina L Sturnieks
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount and nature of health professional education related to fall prevention for older adults in Australian and New Zealand universities. METHODS: Universities offering medicine, nursing and allied health courses were invited to complete an online survey enquiring about fall prevention course-related information: topics; delivery mode; and time dedicated. RESULTS: One hundred and five respondents, 11 disciplines and 43 universities completed the survey...
May 15, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764637/association-between-physical-activity-and-grade-point-average-among-a-cohort-of-pharmacy-students-in-didactic-years
#3
Qingqing Xu, Sujit S Sansgiry
INTRODUCTION: The physical activity (PA) behavior and its association with academic performance has not been examined among professional pharmacy (PharmD) students in didactic years. METHODS: A survey was administered to a cohort of PharmD students at University of Houston that collected information related to each student's PA and grade point average (GPA). Correlation analyses and multiple regression were performed to evaluate factors associated with GPA. RESULTS: The response rate was 58...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#4
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763447/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-among-medicine-and-health-science-students-in-northeast-ethiopia
#5
Wondmagegn Demsiss, Abdurahaman Seid, Temesgen Fiseha
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals, especially medical students, are at greater risk of contracting hepatitis B and C virus infections due to their occupational exposure to percutaneous injuries and other body fluids. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among medicine and health science students in Northeast Ethiopia and to assess their knowledge and practice towards the occupational risk of viral hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 408 medicine and health science students during the period from March to September 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755056/therapeutic-recreation-in-the-public-schools-a-community-partnership
#7
Frederick Green, Christopher Brown, Evelyn Gordon, Deborah Martin
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the University of Southern Mississippi's Therapeutic Recreation Program and the Hattiesburg (MS) Public School District's Department of Exceptional Children and Health Services formed a partnership that has lasted (off and on) for 15 years. METHODS: The partnership was formed based on a shared mission of education and training, and grew in depth based on reciprocated respect and support. RESULTS: Early collaborative efforts included simple programming efforts that provided health and educational benefits for the students with disabilities in the public schools and training for the future professionals in therapeutic recreation at the university...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755055/a-multigenerational-strategy-to-transform-health-education-into-community-action
#8
Roma Stovall Hanks, Hattie Myles, Sarah Wraight, Mary C Williams, Candis Patterson, Barbara M Hodnett, Alexandria Broadnax, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay, Errol Crook
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities funded Centers of Excellence to address health disparities through research, education and professional training, and community engagement. This article summarizes a decade of multigenerational educational programing embedded in the Community Engagement Core (CEC) of the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities-funded Center for Healthy Communities-Center of Excellence at the University of South Alabama...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#9
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754113/interprofessional-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-program-an-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Dennis C Fronda, Arwa Atef Obeidat
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional (IP) competencies are critical for successful collaborative practice. Nurse education, through interprofessional simulation, plays a critical role in preparing nursing students achieve these competencies. Although considerable research has been conducted on this topic, a broader perspective is lacking. This review systematically appraised and synthesized evidence examining the effects of interprofessional simulation on nursing students' outcomes. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#11
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751806/pain-medicine-content-teaching-and-assessment-in-medical-school-curricula-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#12
Elspeth Erica Shipton, Frank Bate, Raymond Garrick, Carole Steketee, Eric John Visser
BACKGROUND: The objective of pain medicine education is to provide medical students with opportunities to develop their knowledge, skills and professional attitudes that will lead to their becoming safe, capable, and compassionate medical practitioners who are able to meet the healthcare needs of persons in pain. This study was undertaken to identify and describe the delivery of pain medicine education at medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. METHOD: All 23 medical schools in Australia and New Zealand in 2016 were included in this study...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751804/changes-in-physiotherapy-students-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-ebp-from-first-year-to-graduation-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Maureen P McEvoy, Lucy K Lewis, Julie Luker
BACKGROUND: Dedicated Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) courses are often included in health professional education programs. It is important to understand the effectiveness of this training. This study investigated EBP outcomes in entry-level physiotherapy students from baseline to completion of all EBP training (graduation). METHODS: Mixed methods with an explanatory sequential design. Physiotherapy students completed two psychometrically-tested health professional EBP instruments at baseline and graduation...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749317/exploring-the-associations-between-spiritual-well-being-burden-and-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients
#14
Roberta Spatuzzi, Maria Velia Giulietti, Marcello Ricciuti, Fabiana Merico, Paolo Fabbietti, Letizia Raucci, Domenico Bilancia, Claudia Cormio, Anna Vespa
OBJECTIVE: The spiritual dimension is important in the process of coping with stress and may be of special relevance for those caring for cancer patients in the various phases of caregivership, although current attention is most prevalent at the end of life. This study explores the associations among spiritual well-being (SWB), caregiver burden, and quality of life (QoL) in family caregivers of patients with cancer during the course of the disease. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study...
May 11, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747093/the-evaluation-of-an-early-graduate-educational-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Tom O'Connor, Zena Moore, Chanel Watson, Niamh Rohan, Bridget Murray, Anne Marie Burke, Maryam Husain, Declan Patton, Michael Shannon, Mary Wynne, Ina Crowley
Literature points to a gap which exists in the preparedness of new nursing/midwifery graduates for clinical practice. In Ireland, a two year programme was established in 2013 for all new graduates employed by the public health system. This paper provides a report on the evaluation of the programme which aimed to gauge the impact of the programme on student experience, stakeholder opinion and on health service delivery. A mixed methods approach, combining qualitative and quantitative methodologies, was utilised...
May 3, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746192/learning-from-students-facilitators-learning-in-interprofessional-placements
#16
Stacie Attrill, Chris Brebner, Claire Marsh
Few studies have examined experiences and learning from the viewpoint of interprofessional facilitators of student placements, and limited research has investigated this learning enacted across traditional service boundaries or between health and education practitioners. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring perceptions about the learning and experiences of Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) who facilitated placements in childcare settings for speech-language pathology students from a health professional background...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746012/exploring-the-influence-of-feedback-given-by-people-with-lived-experience-of-mental-distress-on-learning-for-pre-registration-mental-health-students
#17
Gemma Stacey, Mark Pearson
INTRODUCTION: Despite a positive and established perception of people with lived experience of mental distress contributing to the assessment of healthcare professionals, the consequence and implications for learning are predominantly unexplored. AIM: To gain a greater understanding of the influence of feedback given by people with lived experience, in the role of formative assessor, on student learning. METHOD: Qualitative analysis, underpinned by the theory threshold concepts, was conducted on the written reflective assessments, submitted by students, following engaging in an assessment with a lived experience assessor...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745783/are-non-pregnant-women-afraid-of-childbirth-prevalence-and-predictors-of-fear-of-childbirth-in-students
#18
Lana Žigić Antić, Sandra Nakić Radoš, Nataša Jokić-Begić
INTRODUCTION: Fear of childbirth (FOC) has been mostly studied in peripartum women; however, it can be present in non-pregnant young women, and the question is whether it occurs even before pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVE: (1) to determine the prevalence of clinically significant FOC in non-pregnant female students, and (2) to investigate the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS), trait anxiety, childbirth pain expectancy, and sources of birth knowledge for FOC. METHODS: Non-pregnant female students (N = 374) from different study programmes (health studies, social sciences and humanities, and biotechnical studies) participated in the study...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740637/a-randomized-efficacy-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-group-intervention-to-prevent-internet-use-disorder-onset-in-adolescents-the-protect-study-protocol
#19
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Sophie Schoenmaekers
Background: The reduction of prevalence rates of Internet Use Disorder (IUD) and its effective treatment are at high priority in both public health and educational policies. School-based preventive interventions facilitate a low-threshold approach for individuals with IUD, who are typically characterized by high therapy avoidance. Moreover, indicated approaches which target adolescents at high-risk show larger effects than universal prevention programs. Simultaneously, they reduce unnecessary burden for the majority of high-school students that is not at-risk...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740521/satisfaction-with-healthcare-received-at-an-interprofessional-student-run-free-clinic-invested-in-training-the-next-generation-of-healthcare-professionals
#20
Karen B Lu, Bryan Thiel, Christopher A Atkins, Anand Desai, Ariel Botwin, Michael R Povlow, Judith Simms-Cendan, Magdalena Pasarica
Most medical schools in the United States have an associated student-run free clinic (SRFC) providing medical care to the underserved population around the campus. SRFCs provide students with opportunities to practice history-taking and diagnosis skills. There have been a few studies that have evaluated patient satisfaction within SRFCs; however, these studies report limited aspects of care within these clinics. This study hopes to determine the levels of satisfaction with clinical staff and operations and to ensure that the medical needs of patients are being met...
March 7, 2018: Curēus
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