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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334013/understanding-teacher-change-a-national-survey-of-u-s-physical-educators
#1
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education teacher change that was self-initiated and externally initiated and to examine dispositions toward the change process relative to initiation. METHOD: A random national sample of physical educators representing each SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators regional district participated in a survey measuring past programming changes, primary initiators of change, and teachers' dispositions toward change...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#2
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330986/use-of-psychoactive-drugs-among-medical-undergraduates-in-abbottabad
#3
Haq Nawaz, Aftab Alam Khan, Saima Bukhari
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance abuse is prevalent among medical undergraduates of Pakistan, India & Western countries which can adversely affect the physical & psychological grooming of a medical undergraduate thus threatening to compromise their role as future physicians & health-care providers in the society. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to explore the prevalence and patterns of psychoactive substance/drug consumption among undergraduate students of a public sector medical college in Abbottabad...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327983/serving-community-faculty-through-a-dedicated-liaison
#5
Katie L Jefferson, Mary Shultz, April Heiselt
Community-based medical schools rely heavily on volunteer faculty to provide medical education. Volunteer faculty consist of health care professionals, primarily physicians, who commit to educating medical students and residents. While these volunteer faculty are typically unpaid, many medical schools provide some benefits to them for volunteering their time. One such benefit, although rarely noted in library or medical education literature, is access to academic medical library resources and services. This article highlights a library services liaison model dedicated to the support of volunteer faculty at a community-based medical school...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324949/training-of-adolescent-multipliers-from-the-perspective-of-health-promotion-core-competencies
#6
Kely Vanessa Leite Gomes da Silva, Gleice Adriana Araújo Gonçalves, Shayane Bezerra Dos Santos, Maria de Fatima Antero Sousa Machado, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida Rebouças, Viviane Martins da Silva, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: Recognize the domains of health promotion core competencies in the training process of adolescents carried out by nursing students. METHOD: Qualitative and descriptive study, which used the theoretical methodological contribution Developing Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe (CompHP), carried out with 14 nursing students. RESULTS: There were four domains: Enable Change; Mediate through Partnership; Communication; and Leadership...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#7
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319748/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-condom-self-efficacy-scale-application-to-brazilian-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
Carla Suellen Pires de Sousa, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura, Paulo César Almeida, Priscila de Souza Aquino
OBJECTIVE: translate and adapt the Condom Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese in the Brazilian context. The scale originated in the United States and measures self-efficacy in condom use. METHOD: methodological study in two phases: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and verification of psychometric properties. The translation and adaptation process involved four translators, one mediator of the synthesis and five health professionals. The content validity was verified using the Content Validation Index, based on 22 experts' judgments...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#9
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317920/indonesian-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-attitudes-towards-collaboration-with-physicians
#10
Adji P Setiadi, Yosi Wibowo, Sylvi Irawati, Eko Setiawan, Bobby Presley, Sajni Gudka, Ari S Wardhani
Background: Recent implementation of national health coverage and the increasing health burden in Indonesia require health professionals, including pharmacists, to work more collaboratively to improve access and quality of health care. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about Indonesian pharmacists' attitude towards collaboration. Objective: To assess and compare the attitude of Indonesian pharmacy students and pharmacists towards collaboration with physicians...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315508/changing-prescribing-behavior-in-the-united-states-moving-upstream-in-opioid-prescription-education
#11
H Jean, C Wiese, Raven R Piercey, Claire D Clark
In the U.S., deaths from prescription opioids have quadrupled since 1999, prompting authorities to declare an "opioid abuse" crisis. Rising overdose deaths were attributed to trends in the over-prescription of opioids, specifically the strength and duration of the initial prescription. We describe educational interventions designed to control health care professionals' (HCP) opioid prescribing in the wake of this crisis. A review of relevant programs for practicing providers, medical residents, and medical students reveals a focus on educational interventions that we describe, borrowing from sociologist John McKinlay's metaphor for public health interventions, as "downstream...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315380/alcohol-and-age
#12
Ilana B Crome, Peter Crome
Alcohol consumption constitutes a substantial burden of disease. Older people are being admitted to hospital for alcohol problems in increasing numbers. A recent systematic review reports cautious supportive evidence for primary prevention interventions in reducing excessive alcohol consumption in older drinkers, but does not focus on treatment of dependent drinkers. The evidence base for treatment interventions for dependent drinkers is comparatively limited, but it is growing. In addition to brief interventions, specialist outpatient treatment and inpatient treatment have been evaluated...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314722/influence-of-study-approaches-and-course-design-on-academic-success-in-the-undergraduate-anatomy-laboratory
#13
Courtney D Eleazer, Rebecca Scopa Kelso
Many pre-health professional programs require completion of an undergraduate anatomy course with a laboratory component, yet grades in these courses are often low. Many students perceive anatomy as a more challenging subject than other coursework, and the resulting anxiety surrounding this perception may be a significant contributor to poor performance. Well-planned and deliberate guidance from instructors, as well as thoughtful course design, may be necessary to assist students in finding the best approach to studying for anatomy...
January 4, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306749/comparing-student-clinical-self-efficacy-and-team-process-outcomes-for-a-deu-blended-and-traditional-clinical-setting-a-quasi-experimental-research-study
#14
Christina Plemmons, Michele Clark, Du Feng
BACKGROUND: Clinical education is vital to both the development of clinical self-efficacy and the integration of future nurses into health care teams. The dedicated education unit clinical teaching model is an innovative clinical partnership, which promotes skill development, professional growth, clinical self-efficacy, and integration as a team member. Blended clinical teaching models are combining features of the dedicated education unit and traditional clinical model. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to explore how each of three clinical teaching models (dedicated education unit, blended, traditional) affects clinical self-efficacy and attitude toward team process, and to compare the dedicated education unit model and blended model to traditional clinical...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306748/postgraduate-nurses-self-assessment-of-clinical-competence-and-need-for-further-training-a-european-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Sigrid Wangensteen, Elisabeth Finnbakk, Annsofie Adolfsson, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Petrie Roodbol, Helen Ward, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Nursing practice requires application of knowledge, skills and values in various combinations and has undergone substantial changes the last decades. An increased focus on inter-professional collaboration and possible new and more independent roles for nurses are described. A variety of programs have been developed in order to educate registered nurses (RN) to meet the changes and demands in health and nursing care throughout the world. AIM: The aims were to 1) describe nurses' self-assessment of clinical competence and need for further training, and 2) explore possible differences between nurses in specialist vs master's programs...
December 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302863/innovations-in-maternal-and-child-health-pairing-undergraduate-and-graduate-maternal-and-child-health-students-in-summer-practica-in-state-title-v-agencies
#16
Arden Handler, Jaime Klaus, Deneen Long-White, Marcia Roth, Rebecca Greenleaf, Olivia R Sappenfield, Dorothy Cilenti
Objective As part of the National MCH Workforce Development Center, an innovative internship program placed MCH undergraduate and graduate students in summer practica in state Title V agencies. Graduate student mentoring of undergraduates and leadership and professional development training and support are key features of the program. The objective of this paper is to report on the results of the evaluation of the MCH Paired Practica Program in its pilot years, 2014-2016. Methods Students completed pre and post internship questionnaires which included closed as well as open-ended questions...
January 4, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302575/professional-socialization-of-iranian-bsn-students-a-grounded-theory-study
#17
Mohammad Reza Dinmohammadi, Hamid Peyrovi, Neda Mehrdad
Introduction: Professional socialization is a critical aspect of nursing students' development, which begins with entry into the nursing program and continues when their professional practice begins. The aim of this study was to explore the socialization of Iranian BSN students in the nursing profession. Methods: An exploratory qualitative approach utilizing Straussian version of the grounded theory (1998) method was used. Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants chosen from two large nursing schools in an urban area through purposive and theoretical sampling...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291462/analysis-of-performance-and-stress-caused-by-a-simulation-of-a-mass-casualty-incident
#18
Antonio Nieto Fernández-Pacheco, Rafael Castro Delgado, Pedro Arcos González, José Luis Navarro Fernández, José Joaquín Cerón Madrigal, Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Nuria Perez Alonso, David Armero-Barranco, María Lidon López Iborra, Escribano Tortosa Damian, Manuel Pardo Rios
OBJECTIVE: To determine the stress that is potentially produced in professional health workers due to a mass casualty incident (MCI) simulated exercise, and its relation to prior academic training and the role played in the simulation. METHODS: Observational study of stress in a MCI. For this work, two MCI drills comprised of 40 victims each were conducted. Two randomized groups of 36 students each were created: Master's Students Group (MSG) and Undergraduate Student Group (USG)...
December 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290893/ultrasound-curriculum-taught-by-first-year-medical-students-a-four-year-experience-in-tanzania
#19
Sean P Denny, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, Shella K Raja, Kaavya R Raman, Allison O Farfel, Priya A Patel, MarkLieber, Megan E Bernstein, Shadi Lahham, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic imaging is an integral aspect of care that is often insufficient, if not altogether absent, in rural and remote regions of low to middle income countries (LMICs) such as Tanzania. The introduction of ultrasound can significantly impact treatment in these countries due to its portability, low cost, safety, and usefulness in various medical assessments. This study reviews the implementation of a four-week ultrasound course administered annually from 2013-2016 in a healthcare professional school in Mwanza, Tanzania by first-year allopathic US medical students...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288402/long-term-effect-of-intensive-prevention-on-dental-health-of-primary-school-children-by-socioeconomic-status
#20
Julia Winter, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Annett Ladda, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Children in a German region took part in regular toothbrushing with fluoride gel during their time in primary school after having received a preventive program in kindergarten. The study aimed at determining the dental health of the students as a function of prevention in kindergarten and at school while taking into account their socioeconomic status and other confounders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were in six groups: groups 1 and 2, intensive prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 3 and 4, basic prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 5 and 6, no organized prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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