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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743174/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-intervention-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Catarina Ramos, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Tânia Rudnicki, Ana Lúcia Marôco, Isabel Leal, Raquel Guimarães, José Luís Fougo, Richard G Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study tested the effectiveness of a group intervention designed to facilitate Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). The effects of group participation on components of the PTG model were also explored. METHODS: Sample consisted of 205 women diagnosed with non-metastatic breast cancer who were either assigned to an intervention group (n = 58) or to a control group (n = 147). PTG, challenge to core beliefs, and rumination (intrusive and deliberate) were assessed at baseline (T1), at 6 months (T2) and at 12 months after baseline (T3)...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742993/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-achilles-tendon-repair-in-national-football-league-players
#2
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Stephanie S Gardner, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Pedro E Cosculluela, Kevin E Varner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon injuries are common in sports, including football. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) return-to-sport rate in National Football League (NFL) players following Achilles tendon repair, (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance. METHODS: Publicly available records were used to identify NFL players who underwent Achilles tendon repair and matched controls were identified...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#3
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742378/effect-of-the-various-steps-in-the-processing-of-human-milk-in-the-concentrations-of-iga-igm-and-lactoferrin
#4
Gerardo Arroyo, Kevin Alexander Ortiz Barrientos, Karla Lange, Federico Nave, Gabriela Miss Mas, Pamela Lam Aguilar, Miguel Angel Soto Galindo
INTRODUCTION: Human milk immune components are unique and important for the development of the newborn. Milk processing at the Human Milk Banks (HMB), however, causes partial destruction of immune proteins. The objective of this study was to determine the effects that heating during the milk processing procedure at the HMB had on the concentrations of IgA, IgM, and lactoferrin at three critical points in time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty milk samples (150 mL) were collected from voluntary donors at the HMB at the Hospital Nacional Pedro de Bethancourt, located in Antigua Guatemala...
July 25, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742338/advanced-materials-technologies-and-complex-systems-analyses-emerging-opportunities-to-enhance-urban-water-security
#5
Katherine R Zodrow, Qilin Li, Regina M Buono, Wei Chen, Glenn Daigger, Leonardo Duenas-Osorio, Menachem Elimelech, Xia Huang, Guibin Jiang, Jae-Hong Kim, Bruce E Logan, David L Sedlak, Paul Westerhoff, Pedro J J Alvarez
Innovation in urban water systems is required to address the increasing demand for clean water due to population growth and aggravated water stress caused by water pollution, aging infrastructure, and climate change. Advances in materials science, modular water treatment technologies, and complex systems analyses, coupled with the drive to minimize the energy and environmental footprints of cities, provide new opportunities to ensure a resilient and safe water supply. We present a vision for enhancing efficiency and resiliency of urban water systems and discuss approaches and research needs for overcoming associated implementation challenges...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742106/epidemiology-of-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-infections-and-associated-outcomes-in-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#6
Elizabeth T Rogawski, Richard L Guerrant, Alexandre Havt, Ila F N Lima, Pedro H Q S Medeiros, Jessica C Seidman, Benjamin J J McCormick, Sudhir Babji, Dinesh Hariraju, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Jasmin Shrestha, Japhat Anania, Athanasia Maro, Amidou Samie, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Shahida Qureshi, Mustafa Mahfuz, Pascal O Bessong, Margaret N Kosek, Tahmeed Ahmed, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Eric R Houpt, Aldo A M Lima
BACKGROUND: Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) have been associated with mildly inflammatory diarrhea in outbreaks and in travelers and have been increasingly recognized as enteric pathogens in young children with and without overt diarrhea. We examined the risk factors for EAEC infections and their associations with environmental enteropathy biomarkers and growth outcomes over the first two years of life in eight low-resource settings of the MAL-ED study. METHODS: EAEC infections were detected by PCR gene probes for aatA and aaiC virulence traits in 27,094 non-diarrheal surveillance stools and 7,692 diarrheal stools from 2,092 children in the MAL-ED birth cohort...
July 24, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741707/photophysical-and-photochemical-properties-of-naturally-cccurring-normelinonine-f-and-melinonine-f-alkaloids-and-structurally-related-n-2-and-or-n-9-methyl-%C3%AE-carboline-derivatives
#7
Federico A O Rasse-Suriani, Fernando S García-Einschlag, Matías Rafti, Tobías Schmidt De León, Pedro M David Gara, Rosa Erra-Balsells, Franco M Cabrerizo
In the present work, we have synthesized and fully characterized the photophysical and photochemical properties of a selected group of N-methyl-β-carboline derivatives (9-methyl-β-carbolines and iodine salts of 2-methyl- and 2,9-dimethyl-β-carbolinium) in aqueous solutions, in the pH-range 4.0 - 14.5. Moreover, despite the quite extensive studies reported in the literature regarding the overall photophysical behaviour of N-unsubstituted βCs, this work constitutes the first full and unambiguous characterization of anionic species of N-unsubstituted βCs (norharmane, harmane and harmine), present in aqueous solution under highly alkaline conditions (pH > 13...
July 25, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741364/propofol-sedation-implementation-utility-of-the-failure-mode-and-effect-analysis-patient-focused-quality-and-safety
#8
Adrián Huergo Fernández, Pedro Amor Martín, Fernando Fernández Cadenas
Sedation is a key component of digestive endoscopy. While ensuring procedural safety and quality represents a primary goal, a detailed assessment of patient-focused risks and improvements is lacking on most occasions. Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) is a useful tool in this context as a means of raising barriers and defense mechanisms to prevent adverse events from developing.
July 25, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741158/intraocular-lenses-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
REVIEW
Andrzej Grzybowski, Weronika Wasinska-Borowiec, Jorge L Alio, Pedro Amat-Peral, Juan Tabernero
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to review the lenses, assessing their advantages and disadvantages. We describe a total of seven types of intraocular lenses (IOLs) recommended for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: We used the PubMed web platform to search for implantable devices in various stages of AMD. We searched for both prospective and retrospective studies and also case reports. RESULTS: Clinical results in AMD patients have been described for a total of seven types of IOLs recommended for AMD: an implantable miniature telescope (IMT), IOL-VIP System, Lipshitz macular implant (LMI), sulcus-implanted Lipshitz macular implant, LMI-SI, Fresnel Prism Intraocular Lens, iolAMD and Scharioth Macula Lens...
July 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740945/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-is-improved-after-whole-body-vibration-exercises
#10
Rafaelle Pacheco Carvalho-Lima, Danúbia C Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Carla Dionello, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Daniele Soares Morel, Eric Heleno Frederico, Mario F Neves, Ricardo Oliveira, Wille Oigman, Pedro J Marin, Dulciane N Paiva, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration exercises (WBVE) improve the quality of life (QoL) of different populations. Metabolic syndrome patients (MetS) may be favored by physical activity. Questionnaires are used to assess the QoL. The aim was to evaluate the QoL of patients with MetS that have undergone WBVE with a brief WHOQOL (WHOQOL-BREF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: MetS patients were randomly divided into three groups: (i) control group (CG), (ii) treated with WBVE once per week (WBVE1) and (iii) treated with WBVE twice per week (WBVE2)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740944/effect-of-mechanical-vibration-generated-in-oscillating-vibratory-platform-on-the-concentration-of-plasma-biomarkers-and-on-the-weight-in-rats
#11
Éric Heleno Freire Ferreira Frederico, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Carlos Alberto Sampaio Guimarães, André Luiz Bandeira Dionísio Cardoso, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Danielle Soares Morel, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Laisa Liana Paineiras-Domingos, Rebeca Graça Costa Cavalcanti, Nasser Ribeiro Asad, Pedro Jesus Marin, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise has been used in health sciences. Authors have reported that changes on the concentration of plasma biomarkers could be associated with the WBV effects. The aim of this investigation is to assess the consequences of exposition of 25 Hz mechanical vibration generated in oscillating/vibratory platform (OVP) on the concentration of some plasma biomarkers and on the weight of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into two groups...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740943/potential-effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercises-on-blood-flow-kinetics-of-different-populations-a-systematic-review-with-a-suitable-approach
#12
Danúbia Sá-Caputo, Laisa Paineiras-Domingos, Rafaelle Carvalho-Lima, Glenda Dias-Costa, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Claudia Figueiredo de Azeredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Carla F Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Éric Heleno F F Frederico, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S Morel, Dulciane N Paiva, Núbia C P Avelar, Ana C Lacerda, Carlos E V Magalhães, Leonardo S Castro, Giuseppe A Presta, Severo de Paoli, Borja Sañudo, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: The ability to control skin blood flow decreases with advancing age and some clinical disorders, as in diabetes and in rheumatologic diseases. Feasible clinical strategies such as whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) are being used without a clear understanding of its effects. The aim of the present study is to review the effects of the WBVE on blood flow kinetics and its feasibility in different populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The level of evidence (LE) of selected papers in PubMed and/or PEDRo databases was determined...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740940/relevance-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-sport-a-short-review-with-soccer-diver-and-combat-sport
#13
Danielle Soares Morel, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Patrícia Lopes Souza, Danúbia da Cunha Sá-Caputo, Glenda Dias, Claudia Figueiredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Patrícia de Castro Paiva, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Cristiane Ribeiro Kütter, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Ross Cloak, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) has been used as a safe and accessible exercise and important reviews have been published about the use of this exercise to manage diseases and to improve physical conditions of athletes The aim of this paper is to highlight the relevance of WBVE to soccer players, divers and combat athletes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was made through a systematic review of publications involving WBVE and the selected sports in two databases (Pubmed and PEDRo)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740841/migrainous-infarction-a-rare-and-often-overlooked-diagnosis
#14
REVIEW
Gabriel Afonso Dutra Kreling, Neuro Rodrigues de Almeida, Pedro José Dos Santos
Migraine is a neurological entity and a well-known independent risk factor for cerebral infarction, which mostly afflicts the young female population. Researching focal neurological signs in this subset of the population with the diagnosis of a neurological ischemic event should always take into account the migraine as the etiology or as an associated factor. The etiology of central nervous system (CNS) ischemia is considerable. Migraine, although rare, also may be included in this vast etiological range, which is called migrainous infarction...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740667/discordance-of-physician-clinical-judgment-vs-pneumonia-severity-index-psi-score-to-admit-patients-with-low-risk-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#15
Pedro J Marcos, Marcos I Restrepo, Francisco J González-Barcala, Nilam J Soni, Iria Vidal, Pilar Sanjuàn, Diego Llinares, Lucía Ferreira-Gonzalez, Carlos Rábade, Isabel Otero-González, Pedro Marcos, Héctor Verea-Hernando
BACKGROUND: The relationship between clinical judgment and the pneumonia severity index (PSI) score in deciding the site of care for patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been well investigated. The objective of the study was to determine the clinical factors that influence decision-making to hospitalize low-risk patients (PSI ≤2) with CAP. METHODS: An observational, prospective, multicenter study of consecutive CAP patients was performed at five hospitals in Spain...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740487/determinants-of-bacterial-morphology-from-fundamentals-to-possibilities-for-antimicrobial-targeting
#16
REVIEW
Muriel C F van Teeseling, Miguel A de Pedro, Felipe Cava
Bacterial morphology is extremely diverse. Specific shapes are the consequence of adaptive pressures optimizing bacterial fitness. Shape affects critical biological functions, including nutrient acquisition, motility, dispersion, stress resistance and interactions with other organisms. Although the characteristic shape of a bacterial species remains unchanged for vast numbers of generations, periodical variations occur throughout the cell (division) and life cycles, and these variations can be influenced by environmental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739478/an-overview-of-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Chris G Maher, Rodrigo Z Megale, Lyn March, Manuela L Ferreira
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fracture comprising approximately 1.4 million cases worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines can be powerful tools for promoting evidence-based practice, as they integrate research findings in order to support decision-making. However, currently available clinical guidelines and recommendations, established by different medical societies, are sometimes contradictory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to appraise the recommendations and methodological quality of international clinical guidelines for the management of VCFs...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739332/effects-of-voice-therapy-on-muscle-tension-dysphonia-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Gabriela da Cunha Pereira, Isadora de Oliveira Lemos, Camila Dalbosco Gadenz, Mauriceia Cassol
The present study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of voice therapy on individuals diagnosed with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) or hyperfunctional dysphonia. This is a systematic literature review on the databases Medline (via PubMed), Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Lilacs using a search strategy related to the theme of the study. The selection included clinical trials that assessed the effects of speech therapy intervention on patients diagnosed with MTD or hyperfunctional dysphonia published over the last 10 years in Portuguese, English, or Spanish...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739291/pancreatic-cancer-screening-still-a-delusion
#19
REVIEW
Pedro Moutinho-Ribeiro, Rosa Coelho, Marc Giovannini, Guilherme Macedo
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma represents the fourth most common cause of cancer mortality and death due to pancreatic cancer (PC) have increased since 2003. Its incidence has also raised about 30% in the past decade and it is expected to become the second cause of cancer mortality by 2020 in the USA. Most PC present with metastatic disease and improvements in treatment outcomes for this group have been disappointing. These observations support the idea that screening to identify patients at an earlier stage might be an important strategy in improving overall PC outcomes...
July 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739270/discrepancies-between-the-use-of-mdrd-4-idms-and-ckd-epi-equations-instead-of-the-cockcroft-gault-equation-in-the-determination-of-the-dosage-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Alejandro Isidoro Pérez Cabeza, Pedro Antonio Chinchurreta Capote, Jose Antonio González Correa, Francisco Ruiz Mateas, Gabriel Rosas Cervantes, Francisco Rivas Ruiz, Almudena Valle Alberca, Rafael Bravo Marqués
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) require dose adjustment according to estimated clearance creatinine (eClCr) using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation. There are discrepancies with the equations that estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We analyse how the use of the CKD-EPI and MDRD-4 IDMS equations affect the recommended dosage for ACODs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation seen at a cardiology clinic between November 2012 and August 2014...
July 21, 2017: Medicina Clínica
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