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Asma Hamid, Karen Trister Grace, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this qualitative meta-synthesis was to understand the labor and birth experiences of immigrant women in countries of resettlement who have a history of female genital cutting (FGC), also known as female genital mutilation or female circumcision. METHODS: We used a meta-ethnography approach to synthesize the literature on this topic. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts databases from inception to May 2016 using the search terms female genital cutting, female circumcision, clitorectomy, clitoridectomy, pharaonic circumcision, genital circumcision, female genital mutilation, infibulation, and deinfibulation...
March 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Liette Perron, Vyta Senikas, Margaret Burnett, Victoria Davis
OBJECTIVE: To strengthen the national framework for care of adolescents and women affected by female genital cutting (FGC) in Canada by providing health care professionals with: (1) information intended to strengthen their knowledge and understanding of the practice; (2) directions with regard to the legal issues related to the practice; (3) clinical guidelines for the management of obstetric and gynaecological care, including FGC related complications; and (4) guidance on the provision of culturally competent care to adolescents and women with FGC...
November 2013: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
R H Belmaker
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is practiced in many areas of the world, including the Middle East, Africa and Australia. Although it is most common in Muslim populations it is not a dictate of Islam. In the 1980s this practice was reported among Bedouin tribes, originally nomadic, in the southern area of Israel. Almost all of the women interviewed in the first study intended to continue the practice by performing FGM on their daughters including educated women who were teachers, dental assistants or university students...
2012: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Veale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2012: Archives of Sexual Behavior
David Veale, Joe Daniels
The Female Genital Mutilation Act (2003) in England allows for mental health exceptions for cosmetic surgery resulting from perceived abnormality. Similar legislation exists in other countries. There are no reported cases of clitoridectomy for cosmetic reasons or any discussion in the literature of mental health exceptions to the Act. This is a single case report on a 33-year-old married, heterosexual woman who had already had a cosmetic labiaplasty and was seeking a clitoridectomy for aesthetic reasons. At assessment, there were no psychiatric contra-indications or unrealistic expectations and the patient proceeded with a clitoridectomy...
June 2012: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Osarumwense David Osifo
OBJECTIVE: To report overall occurrence, and the mode of presentation and management of girls with post genital mutilation giant clitoral epidermoid inclusion cyst in an African subregion. METHODS: This is a prospective experience with female patients who presented at two centers in Benin City, Nigeria, between January 2005 and December 2009 with clitoral epidermoid inclusion cyst following underground traditional female genital mutilation performed on neonates...
December 2010: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Marcel D Waldinger, Pieter L Venema, Ad P G van Gils, Eltjo M J Schutter, Dave H Schweitzer
INTRODUCTION: Females despairing of restless genital syndrome (ReGS) may request clitoridectomy for treatment of unwanted genital sensations. Aim. The aim of this study was to report persistence of ReGS despite clitoridectomy. METHODS: Following a clitoridectomy for spontaneous orgasms, a 77-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for persistent unwanted genital sensations and feelings of imminent orgasm. An in-depth interview, routine and hormonal investigations, electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and pelvis were performed...
February 2010: Journal of Sexual Medicine
B F Frederiksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2008: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
John Studd, Anneliese Schwenkhagen
In the past, medical attitudes to female sexuality were grotesque, reflecting the anxiety and hypocrisy of the times. In the medieval world, the population feared hunger, the devil, and women, being particularly outraged and threatened by normal female sexuality. The 19th century attitude was no better as academics confirmed the lower intellectual status of women, particularly if they ventured into education. The medical contribution to this prejudice was shocking, with gynaecologists and psychiatrists leading the way designing operations for the cure of the apparently serious contemporary disorders of masturbation and nymphomania...
June 20, 2009: Maturitas
John Studd
The 19th century medical attitude to normal female sexuality was cruel, with gynecologists and psychiatrists leading the way in designing operations for the cure of the serious contemporary disorders of masturbation and nymphomania. The gynecologist Isaac Baker Brown (1811-1873) and the distinguished endocrinologist Charles Brown-Séquard (1817-1894) advocated clitoridectomy to prevent the progression to masturbatory melancholia, paralysis, blindness and even death. Even after the public disgrace of Baker Brown in 1866-7, the operation remained respectable and widely used in other parts of Europe...
December 2007: Gynecological Endocrinology
Sarah W Rodriguez
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, there was one kind of female orgasm and it was clitoral; there was also only one kind of healthy sexual instinct for a woman and it was for penetrative sex with her husband. When a woman behaved outside of this normality-by masturbating or by not responding to her husband's affections-her sexual instinct was seen as disordered. If healthy women, then, were believed only to be sexual within the marital embrace, what better way to explain these errant behaviors than by blaming the clitoris, an organ seen as key to female sexual instinct? Doctors corrected a clitoris in an unhealthy state using one of four surgeries-removing smegma or adhesions between the clitoris and its hood, removing the hood (circumcision), or removing the clitoris (clitoridectomy)-in order to correct a woman's sexual instinct in an unhealthy state...
July 2008: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Yves De Smet, Jean-Marie Spautz
The author discusses a "case of traditional hysteria" reported by Pierre Schmit, the first physician (1855-1866) of the Centre Hospitalier Neuropsychiatrique of Ettelbruck (Luxemburg), founded in 1855. Like Louise Lateau, a celebrated Belgian mystic living in the second half of the XIXth century, the patient suffered from ecstasy and stigma. The therapies of hysteria in this time are discussed: blood-letting, electrotherapy, clitoridectomy...
2005: Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Médicales du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
B G J Wernham, R M Jerram
CASE HISTORY: An 8-month-old Labrador Retriever was referred with a history of ambiguous external genitalia. CLINICAL FINDINGS AND TREATMENT: Clitoromegaly within apparent vulval folds, and an adjacent subcutaneous mass were noticed on external examination. An intra-abdominal testicle, with epididymis and suspected vas deferens ducts, was found during exploratory celiotomy. Incision over the subcutaneous mass revealed the accompanying testicle. Clitoridectomy was performed and an os clitoris removed...
October 2006: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Elise Klouman, Rachel Manongi, Knut-Inge Klepp
OBJECTIVES: To determine (i) the prevalence and type of female genital cutting (FGC) in a rural multi-ethnic village in Tanzania, (ii) its associated demographic factors, (iii) its possible associations with HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and infertility and (iv) to assess the consistency between self-reported and clinically observed FGC. METHOD: The study was part of a larger community-based, cross-sectional survey with an eligible female population of 1993...
January 2005: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
I Abubakar, Z Iliyasu, M Kabir, C C Uzoho, M B Abdulkadir
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread practice of FGC, not much attention had been given to it until recently. The attitude of expectant mothers towards it is crucial in sustaining it. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of female genital cutting among antenatal patients in Aminu Kano Teaching hospital in northern Nigeria METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 210 antenatal patients seen at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital from February to March 2003...
July 2004: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
E Eroğlu, G Tekant, G Gündoğdu, H Emir, O Ercan, Y Söylet, N Danişmend
The study's objective was to evaluate the results of surgical modalities for children with ambiguous genitalia. The records of 55 patients who were reared as females between 1985 and 2001 were reviewed regarding diagnosis, age at surgery, operative procedures, and outcome. The mean age at surgery was 3.5 years, and the follow-up period averaged 4.1 years with a range of 2 months-17 years. The types of reconstructive surgical techniques were clitorovaginoplasty in 29, staging clitoral surgery and vaginoplasty in seven, clitoroplasty in five, total urogenital mobilization (TUM) in three, vaginal bowel substitution in two, clitoridectomy in one, and gonadectomy in six, and two are waiting for vaginal substitution surgery after gonadectomy...
July 2004: Pediatric Surgery International
Abdul-Almawla Kangoum, Ulf Flodin, Mats Hammar, Gunilla Sydsjö
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) among African women resident in the Swedish County of Ostergötland and assess the types of FGM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and four African women aged > or = 18 years were domiciled in Ostergötland by the end of 1998. The women were invited by letter. A socio-cultural questionnaire designed to give an overall picture of FGM within a socio-economic context, and also to invite the women to an interview and examination, was sent to all African women in the county of Ostergötland...
February 2004: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 1964: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 1963: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1960: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Empire
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