keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Myocardial infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334496/oxygen-in-the-critically-ill-friend-or-foe
#1
Elisa Damiani, Abele Donati, Massimo Girardis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the potential harmful effects of hyperoxia and summarize the results of most recent clinical studies evaluating oxygen therapy in critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Excessive oxygen supplementation may have detrimental pulmonary and systemic effects because of enhanced oxidative stress and inflammation. Hyperoxia-induced lung injury includes altered surfactant protein composition, reduced mucociliary clearance and histological damage, resulting in atelectasis, reduced lung compliance and increased risk of infections...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326780/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-of-myocardial-involvement-in-leptospirosis
#2
Onkar B Auti, Kanav Kansal, K V Shrikanth, Vimal Raj
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the Leptospira interrogans. Although it is endemic in tropical countries, global incidence has increased in several temperate and developed regions. Here, we present a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and multidetector computer tomography (MDCT) chest features of active systemic leptospiral infection in a 19-year-old male. The MDCT appearances of lungs and CMR appearances of myocardium in icteric leptospirosis are described. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is important to manage the cardiothoracic complications...
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324996/laboratory-confirmed-respiratory-infections-as-predictors-of-hospital-admission-for-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-time-series-analysis-of-english-data-for-2004-2015
#3
R M Blackburn, H Zhao, R Pebody, A C Hayward, C Warren-Gash
Background: Acute respiratory infections are associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, however, the role of different organisms is poorly characterised. Methods: We undertook a time-series analysis of English hospital admissions for MI and stroke (age-stratified: 45-64, 65-74, 75+ years), laboratory-confirmed viral respiratory infections and environmental data for 2004-2015. Weekly counts of admissions were modelled using multivariable Poisson regression with weekly counts of respiratory viruses (influenza, parainfluenza, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus or human meta-pneumovirus (HMPV)) investigated as predictors...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317805/compression-of-the-right-coronary-artery-by-an-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-after-infective-endocarditis-an-unusual-case-of-myocardial-ischemia
#4
Juan Lacalzada-Almeida, Alejandro De la Rosa-Hernández, María Manuela Izquierdo-Gómez, Javier García-Niebla, Iván Hernández-Betancor, Juan Alfonso Bonilla-Arjona, Antonio Barragán-Acea, Ignacio Laynez-Cerdeña
A 61-year-old male with a prosthetic St Jude aortic valve size 24 presented with heart failure symptoms and minimal-effort angina. Eleven months earlier, the patient had undergone cardiac surgery because of an aortic root dilatation and bicuspid aortic valve with severe regurgitation secondary to infectious endocarditis by Coxiela burnetii and coronary artery disease in the left circumflex coronary artery. Then, a prosthesis valve and a saphenous bypass graft to the left circumflex coronary artery were placed...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296064/transcatheter-closure-of-right-coronary-artery-fistula-to-the-right-ventricle
#5
A Abu Haweleh, Luna Baangood, J V DeGiovanni
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an uncommon anomaly that is usually congenital but can be acquired. Although most patients are asymptomatic, some may present with congestive heart failure, infective endocarditis, myocardial ischemia or rupture. In the past, surgical ligation was the only option in the management of CAF, but since 1983, transcatheter closure of CAF has been increasing as an alternative to surgery. We report a 3-year-old boy, presented in Queen Alia Heart Institute, who underwent successful transcatheter closure of a large fistula communicating the distal part of the right coronary artery to the right ventricle...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288514/high-efficacy-of-ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir-plus-dasabuvir-in-hepatitis-c-genotypes-4-and-1-infected-patients-with-severe-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Faisal M Sanai, Abdullah S Alghamdi, Ahmad A Afghani, Khalid Alswat, Adnan AlZanbagi, Mosfer N Alghamdi, Abdallah AlMousa, Mohammed Aseeri, Abdullah M Assiri, Mohamed A Babatin
Limited data has shown high efficacy of co-formulated ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (OBV/PTV/r) in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT)-4, and combined with dasabuvir (DSV) in GT1 patients, with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 4-5 (<30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ). We assessed real-world safety and efficacy of OBV/PTV/r ± DSV in GT1 and 4-infected patients. METHODS: In this observational cohort (n=67), we enrolled stage 4-5 CKD treatment-naïve or Peginterferon/RBV-experienced GT4-infected patients (n=32) treated for 12-24 weeks with OBV/PTV/r ± RBV, and plus DSV in GT1 patients (n=35, including 3 with GT1/4 co-infection)...
December 29, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286452/esophageal-heat-transfer-for-patient-temperature-control-and-targeted-temperature-management
#7
Melissa I Naiman, Maria Gray, Joseph Haymore, Ahmed F Hegazy, Andrej Markota, Neeraj Badjatia, Erik B Kulstad
Controlling patient temperature is important for a wide variety of clinical conditions. Cooling to normal or below normal body temperature is often performed for neuroprotection after ischemic insult (e.g. hemorrhagic stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cardiac arrest, or other hypoxic injury). Cooling from febrile states treats fever and reduces the negative effects of hyperthermia on injured neurons. Patients are warmed in the operating room to prevent inadvertent perioperative hypothermia, which is known to cause increased blood loss, wound infections, and myocardial injury, while also prolonging recovery time...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286102/pin1-facilitates-isoproterenol%C3%A2-induced-cardiac-fibrosis-and-collagen-deposition-by-promoting-oxidative-stress-and-activating-the-mek1-2%C3%A2-erk1-2-signal-transduction-pathway-in-rats
#8
Xian Wu, Mingjiang Li, Su-Qin Chen, Sha Li, Furong Guo
Peptidyl‑prolyl cis/trans isomerase, NIMA-interacting 1 (Pin1) is a member of a large superfamily of phosphorylation‑dependent peptidyl‑prolyl cis/trans isomerases, which not only regulates multiple targets at various stages of cellular processes, but is also involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including microbial infection, cancer, asthma and Alzheimer's disease. However, the role of Pin1 in cardiac fibrosis remains to be fully elucidated. The present study investigated the potential mechanism of Pin1 in isoprenaline (ISO)‑induced myocardial fibrosis in rats...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283450/the-effect-of-fasting-status-on-lipids-lipoproteins-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-assessed-after-hospitalization-for-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-insights-from-prove-it-timi-22
#9
Dylan L Steen, Amarachi A Umez-Eronini, Jianping Guo, Naseer Khan, Christopher P Cannon
BACKGROUND: For decades, fasting for 8 to 12 hours has been recommended for measurement of lipid profiles. The effect of fasting on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) has been described in healthy cohorts and those with stable disease states. Recently, guidelines suggested that fasting may not be necessary due to its small effect on lipid measures. Little is known, however, regarding whether the impact of fasting is altered in the setting of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280934/causes-and-timing-of-unplanned-90-day-readmissions-following-spine-surgery
#10
Jeffrey Hills, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Inamullah Khan, Silky Chotai, Benjamin Weisenthal, Thomas Freeman, Marjorie Butler, Joseph Wick, Joshua Daryoush, Anthony Asher, Clinton J Devin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the causes, timing, and factors associated with unplanned 90-day readmissions following elective spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Unplanned readmissions after spine surgery are costly and an important determinant of the value of care. Several studies using database information have reported on rates and causes of readmission. However, these often lack the clinical detail and actionable data necessary to guide early post-discharge interventions...
December 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279742/prevalence-and-complications-of-postoperative-transfusion-for-cervical-fusion-procedures-in-spine-surgery-an-analysis-of-11-588-patients-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#11
Ahmed Aoude, Sultan Aldebeyan, Maryse Fortin, Anas Nooh, Peter Jarzem, Jean A Ouellet, Michael H Weber
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the rate of blood transfusion after cervical fusion surgery, and its effect on complication rates. Overview of Literature: Cervical spine fusions have gained interest in the literature since these procedures are now ever more frequently being performed in an outpatient setting with few complications. Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to identify patients that underwent cervical fusion from 2010 to 2013...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279526/in-situ-skeletonized-right-internal-mammary-artery-bypass-grafting-to-left-anterior-descending-artery
#12
Qiang Ji, LiMin Xia, YunQing Shi, RunHua Ma, JinQiang Shen, Hao Lai, WenJun Ding, ChunSheng Wang
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and the mid-term efficacy of an in situ skeletonized right internal mammary artery (IMA) bypass grafting to a left anterior descending artery (LAD), and to determine risk factors for IMA graft failure in a single-center study.From January 2012 to December 2015, 189 patients (173 males, 50.6 ± 6.0 years old) undergoing first isolated coronary artery bypass grafting surgery with the in situ skeletonized right IMA grafting to the LAD were included in this study. Baseline characteristics, peroperative data, and follow-up outcomes were investigated and analyzed...
December 27, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277590/feasibility-of-a-modified-e-pass-and-possum-system-for-postoperative-risk-assessment-in-patients-with-spinal-disease
#13
Dong Hyun Chun, Do Young Kim, Sun Kyu Choi, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha, Keung Nyun Kim, Do Heum Yoon, Seong Yi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case control study OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using Estimation of Physiological Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) and Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) systems in patients undergoing spinal surgical procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative spine disease has increased in incidence in aging societies, as has the number of older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery...
December 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275550/-research-progress-of-yunnan-unexplained-sudden-death
#14
REVIEW
Y W He, X Y Zhao, P L Jia, Y Q Zhou, Z Li, X F Zeng, L Li
Yunnan unexplained sudden death (YUSD) has obvious spatial and temporal aggregations. With the features of sudden onset and rapid death, its causes remain unclear. However, the onset of YUSD is related to the geological and climatic conditions in specific range of altitude of incidence area, which is also influenced by the existed susceptibility gene loci or several multiple mutations in SNP loci, long-term fatigue, low dietary nutrition, trace element deficiency, poor living condition and hygienic habit, and infection by etiologic microorganism or virus among the residents live in the incidence area of YUSD...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262289/excess-clinical-comorbidity-among-hiv-infected-patients-accessing-primary-care-in-us-community-health-centers
#15
Kenneth H Mayer, Stephanie Loo, Phillip M Crawford, Heidi M Crane, Michael Leo, Paul DenOuden, Magda Houlberg, Mark Schmidt, Thu Quach, Sebastian Ruhs, Meredith Vandermeer, Chris Grasso, Mary Ann McBurnie
OBJECTIVES: As the life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has increased, the spectrum of illness has evolved. We evaluated whether people living with HIV accessing primary care in US community health centers had higher morbidity compared with HIV-uninfected patients receiving care at the same sites. METHODS: We compared data from electronic health records for 12 837 HIV-infected and 227 012 HIV-uninfected patients to evaluate the relative prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and malignancies by HIV serostatus...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249586/medium-to-long-term-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-older-adults-with-super-obesity
#16
Aly Elbahrawy, Alexandre Bougie, Sarah-Eve Loiselle, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Olivier Court, Amin Andalib
BACKGROUND: Indications and outcomes of bariatric surgery in older adults suffering from morbid obesity remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate safety and medium to long-term outcomes of bariatric procedures in this patient population. SETTING: University Hospital, Canada. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study of a prospectively collected database. We included patients aged ≥60 years who underwent sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch between January 2006 and December 2014 and had at least 2 years of follow-up...
November 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247988/interleukin-18-biological-properties-and-role-in-disease-pathogenesis
#17
REVIEW
Gilles Kaplanski
Initially described as an interferon (IFN)γ-inducing factor, interleukin (IL)-18 is indeed involved in Th1 and NK cell activation, but also in Th2, IL-17-producing γδ T cells and macrophage activation. IL-18, a member of the IL-1 family, is similar to IL-1β for being processed by caspase 1 to an 18 kDa-biologically active mature form. IL-18 binds to its specific receptor (IL-18Rα, also known as IL-1R7) forming a low affinity ligand chain. This is followed by recruitment of the IL-18Rβ chain. IL-18 then uses the same signaling pathway as IL-1 to activate NF-kB and induce inflammatory mediators such as adhesion molecules, chemokines and Fas ligand...
January 2018: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245978/chronic-kidney-disease-is-associated-with-a-risk-of-higher-mortality-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-diabetic-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Liang-Tseng Kuo, Su-Ju Lin, Chi-Lung Chen, Pei-An Yu, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Tien-Hsing Chen
Diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with a higher rate of complications in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of CKD and diabetes in patients after TKA. Diabetic patients who received unilateral primary TKA between January 2008 and December 2011 were enrolled. The follow-up period was more than 6 months. The primary outcome was a TKA-related infection and the secondary outcome was all-cause mortality. The study cohort included 13844 patients who were followed for a mean period of 2 years, of whom 1459 (10...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242351/second-arterial-versus-venous-conduits-for-multi-vessel-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-california
#19
Andrew B Goldstone, Peter Chiu, Michael Baiocchi, Hanjay Wang, Bharathi Lingala, Jack H Boyd, Y Joseph Woo
Background -Whether a second arterial conduit improves outcomes after multi-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting remains unclear. Consequently, arterial conduits other than the left internal thoracic artery are seldom used in the United States. Methods -Using a state-maintained clinical registry including all 126 non-federal hospitals in California, we compared all-cause mortality and rates of stroke, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and sternal wound infection between propensity score-matched cohorts who underwent primary, isolated multi-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting with the left internal thoracic artery, and who received a second arterial conduit (right internal thoracic artery or radial artery, N=5,866) or a venous conduit (N=53,566) between 2006 and 2011...
December 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241684/aortofemoral-reconstruction-for-an-infected-graft-using-thrombosed-femoral-veins
#20
Grigol Keshelava, Davit Kovziridze, Alexander Mkervalishvili
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of an infected aortic prosthesis is difficult and the ideal graft material is subject to debate. REPORT: A case of infected aortic prosthesis treated using bilateral thrombosed superficial femoral veins (SFVs) is presented. Bilateral reversed SFVs were cut longitudinally at both proximal ends about 3-4 cm and were sutured side by side. The operating time was 5 h. No sign of recurrent infection was observed when the patient suffered a myocardial infarction and died 6 months post-operatively...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
72928
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"