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Stepan Stehlik, Marian Varga, Martin Ledinsky, Daria Miliaieva, Halyna Kozak, Viera Skakalova, Clemens Mangler, Timothy J Pennycook, Jannik C Meyer, Alexander Kromka, Bohuslav Rezek
Detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) with a typical size of 5 nm have attracted broad interest in science and technology. Further size reduction of DNDs would bring these nanoparticles to the molecular-size level and open new prospects for research and applications in various fields, ranging from quantum physics to biomedicine. Here we show a controllable size reduction of the DND mean size down to 1.4 nm without significant particle loss and with additional disintegration of DND core agglutinates by air annealing, leading to a significantly narrowed size distribution (±0...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
Simon Haziza, Nitin Mohan, Yann Loe-Mie, Aude-Marie Lepagnol-Bestel, Sophie Massou, Marie-Pierre Adam, Xuan Loc Le, Julia Viard, Christine Plancon, Rachel Daudin, Pascale Koebel, Emilie Dorard, Christiane Rose, Feng-Jen Hsieh, Chih-Che Wu, Brigitte Potier, Yann Herault, Carlo Sala, Aiden Corvin, Bernadette Allinquant, Huan-Cheng Chang, François Treussart, Michel Simonneau
Brain diseases such as autism and Alzheimer's disease (each inflicting >1% of the world population) involve a large network of genes displaying subtle changes in their expression. Abnormalities in intraneuronal transport have been linked to genetic risk factors found in patients, suggesting the relevance of measuring this key biological process. However, current techniques are not sensitive enough to detect minor abnormalities. Here we report a sensitive method to measure the changes in intraneuronal transport induced by brain-disease-related genetic risk factors using fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs)...
November 28, 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
Tanja Deckert-Gaudig, Vincent Pichot, Denis Spitzer, Volker Deckert
The specific attributes of nanodiamonds have attracted increasing interest for electronics or biomedical applications. An efficient synthetic route towards nanodiamonds is via detonation of hexolite (i.e. a mixture of TNT and RDX). In particular detonation of hexolite crystallized by spray flash evaporation (SFE), yields extremely small diamonds (< 4 nm). To unravel the detonation mechanism, a structural characterization of the explosives is required but challenging due to their thermal instability. We demonstrate a combination of conventional Raman spectroscopy and tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) for resolving morphological and structural differences of differently prepared hexolite nanocomposites...
November 21, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Dae Gon Lim, Racelly Ena Prim, Ki Hyun Kim, Eunah Kang, Kinam Park, Seong Hoon Jeong
One of the newly emerging carbon materials, nanodiamond (ND), has been exploited for use in traditional electric materials and this has extended into biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Recently, NDs have attained significant interests as a multifunctional and combinational drug delivery system. ND studies have provided insights into granting new potentials with their wide ranging surface chemistry, complex formation with biopolymers, and combination with biomolecules. The studies that have proved ND inertness, biocompatibility, and low toxicity have made NDs much more feasible for use in real in vivo applications...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yanzhao Bi, Yifan Zhang, Chunying Cui, Lulu Ren, Xueyun Jiang
Nanodiamond (ND) is a renowned material in nonviral small interfering RNA (siRNA) carrier field due to its unique physical, chemical, and biological properties. In our previous work, it was proven that ND could deliver siRNA into cells efficiently and downregulate the expression of desired protein. However, synthesizing a high-efficient tumor-targeting carrier using ND is still a challenge. In this study, a novel carrier, NDCONH(CH2)2NH-VDGR, was synthesized for siRNA delivery, and its properties were characterized with methods including Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, gel retardation assay, differential scanning calorimetry, confocal microscopy, releasing test, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), flow cytometry, cytotoxicity assay, and gene-silencing efficacy assay in vitro and in vivo...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Kuang-Kai Liu, Wei-Ru Qiu, Emmanuel Naveen Raj, Huei-Fang Liu, Hou-Syun Huang, Yu-Wei Lin, Chien-Jen Chang, Ting-Hua Chen, Chinpiao Chen, Huan-Cheng Chang, Jenn-Kang Hwang, Jui-I Chao
Selective macroautophagy/autophagy plays a pivotal role in the processing of foreign pathogens and cellular components to maintain homeostasis in human cells. To date, numerous studies have demonstrated the uptake of nanoparticles by cells, but their intracellular processing through selective autophagy remains unclear. Here we show that carbon-based nanodiamonds (NDs) coated with ubiquitin (Ub) bind to autophagy receptors (SQSTM1 [sequestosome 1], OPTN [optineurin], and CALCOCO2/NDP52 [calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 2]) and are then linked to MAP1LC3/LC3 (microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3) for entry into the selective autophagy pathway...
November 15, 2016: Autophagy
Anita Jannasch, Mohammad K Abdosamadi, Avin Ramaiya, Suman De, Valentina Ferro, Aaron Sonnberger, Erik Schäffer
Due to their high position and force sensitivity and the ability to remotely apply forces and torques, optical tweezers are widely used in diverse fields, such as biology, material science, and physics. Often, small dielectric particles are trapped and used as probes, which for experimental convenience are mostly spherical and composed of silica or polystyrene. The optical properties of these materials together with the microsphere size determine the trapping efficiency, and the position and force resolution...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Takuya Genjo, Shingo Sotoma, Ryotaro Tanabe, Ryuji Igarashi, Masahiro Shirakawa
Recently, the importance of conformational changes in actin filaments induced by mechanical stimulation of a cell has been increasingly recognized, especially in terms of mechanobiology. Despite its fundamental importance, however, long-term observation of a single actin filament by fluorescent microscopy has been difficult because of the low photostability of traditional fluorescent molecules. This paper reports a novel molecular labeling system for actin filaments using fluorescent nanodiamond (ND) particles harboring nitrogen-vacancy centers; ND has flexible chemical modifiability, extremely high photostability and biocompatibility, and provides a variety of physical information quantitatively via optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) measurements...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
S Salzman, H J Romanofsky, G West, K L Marshall, S D Jacobs, J C Lambropoulos
Chemical-vapor-deposited (CVD) ZnS is an example of a polycrystalline material that is difficult to polish smoothly via the magnetorheological finishing (MRF) technique. When MRF-polished, the internal infrastructure of the material tends to manifest on the surface as millimeter-sized "pebbles," and the surface roughness observed is considerably high. The fluid's parameters important to developing a magnetorheological (MR) fluid that is capable of polishing CVD ZnS smoothly were previously discussed and presented...
October 20, 2016: Applied Optics
Mingxia Lu, Yu-Kai Wang, Jiacheng Zhao, Hongxu Lu, Martina H Stenzel, Pu Xiao
Carboxyl end-functionalized poly[poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] [P(PEGMEMA)] and its block copolymer with gemcitabine substituted poly(N-hydroxysuccinimide methacrylate) [PGem-block-P(PEGMEMA)] are synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Then, two polymers are grafted onto the surface of amine-functionalized nanodiamonds to obtain [P(PEGMEMA)]-grafted nanodiamonds (ND-PEG) and [PGem-block-P(PEGMEMA)]-grafted nanodiamonds (ND-PF). Gemcitabine is physically absorbed to ND-PEG to produce ND-PEG (Gem)...
November 4, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Mehran Kianinia, Olga Shimoni, Avi Bendavid, Andreas W Schell, Steven J Randolph, Milos Toth, Igor Aharonovich, Charlene J Lobo
Arrays of fluorescent nanoparticles are highly sought after for applications in sensing, nanophotonics and quantum communications. Here we present a simple and robust method of assembling fluorescent nanodiamonds into macroscopic arrays. Remarkably, the yield of this directed assembly process is greater than 90% and the assembled patterns withstand ultra-sonication for more than three hours. The assembly process is based on covalent bonding of carboxyl to amine functional carbon seeds and is applicable to any material, and to non-planar surfaces...
October 13, 2016: Nanoscale
F Gorrini, M Cazzanelli, N Bazzanella, R Edla, M Gemmi, V Cappello, J David, C Dorigoni, A Bifone, A Miotello
Nanodiamonds are the subject of active research for their potential applications in nano-magnetometry, quantum optics, bioimaging and water cleaning processes. Here, we present a novel thermodynamic model that describes a graphite-liquid-diamond route for the synthesis of nanodiamonds. Its robustness is proved via the production of nanodiamonds powders at room-temperature and standard atmospheric pressure by pulsed laser ablation of pyrolytic graphite in water. The aqueous environment provides a confinement mechanism that promotes diamond nucleation and growth, and a biologically compatible medium for suspension of nanodiamonds...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zak E Hughes, Tiffany R Walsh
The removal or structural disruption of crystallised lipid is a pivotal but energy-intensive step in a wide range of industrial and biological processes. Strategies to disrupt the structure of crystallised lipid in aqueous solution at lower temperatures are much needed, where nanoparticle-based strategies show enormous promise. Using the aqueous tristearin bilayer as a model for crystallised lipid, we demonstrate that the synergistic use of surfactant and detonation nanodiamonds can depress the onset temperature at which disruption of the crystallised lipid structure occurs...
October 12, 2016: Soft Matter
Masazumi Fujiwara, Kazuma Yoshida, Tetsuya Noda, Hideaki Takashima, Andreas W Schell, Norikazu Mizuochi, Shigeki Takeuchi
We report on the coupling of single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers to ultrathin fiber-taper nanofibers by the manipulation of single diamond nanocrystals on the nanofibers under real-time observation of nanodiamond fluorescence. Spin-dependent fluorescence of the single NV centers is efficiently detected through the nanofiber. We show control of the spin sub-level structure of the electronic ground state using an external magnetic field and clearly observe a frequency fine tuning of [Formula: see text]. This observation demonstrates a possibility of realizing fiber-integrated quantum λ-systems, which can be used for various quantum information devices including push-pull quantum memory and quantum gates...
November 11, 2016: Nanotechnology
Vitaly V Chaban, Eudes Eterno Fileti
A nanofluid (NF) is composed of a base liquid and suspended nanoparticles (NPs). High-performance NFs exhibit significantly better heat conductivities, as compared to their base liquids. In the present work, we applied all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to characterize diffusive and ballistic energy transfer mechanisms within nanodiamonds (NDs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and N-butylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquid (IL). We showed that heat transfer within both NDs and CNTs is orders of magnitude faster than that in the surrounding IL, whereas diffusion of all particles in the considered NF is similar...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yang Li, Lei Wang, Bo Li, Meicheng Zhang, Rui Wen, Xinghua Guo, Xing Li, Ji Zhang, Shoujian Li, Lijian Ma
A new strategy combining pore-free matrix and cooperative-chelating was proposed in the present paper in order to effectively avoid undesired non-selective physical adsorption and intra-particle diffusion caused by pores and voids in porous sorbents, and to greatly enhance uranium-chelating capability based on hyperbranched amidoxime ligands on the surface of nanodiamond particles. Thus a pore-free, amidoxime-terminated hyperbranched nanodiamond (ND-AO) was designed and synthesized. The experimental results demonstrate that the strategy endows the as-synthesized ND-AO with following expected features: (1) distinctively high uranium selectivity (SU = qe-U /qe-tol ×100 %) from over 80% to nearly 100 % over the whole weak acidity range (pH < 4...
October 4, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Philippe Babilotte
Among the several aspects involved into the synthesis of monocharged nitrogene-vacancy N V (-) colored centers produced into nanodiamonds ND, the post-annealing cleaning process, such as sulfo-nitric acid cleaning or thermal oxidation under acid conditions, can be seen as a factor impacting the optical response of these N V (-) colored centers. A significative difference of optical response is in fact noticed modifying the post-annealing treatment conditions, between a pure oxidative treatment at room temperature and a mixed-process including oxidation and thermal activation...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Hyoung-Il Kim, Seunghyun Weon, Homan Kang, Anna L Hagstrom, Oh Seok Kwon, Yoon-Sik Lee, Wonyong Choi, Jae-Hong Kim
This study demonstrates the first reported photocatalytic decomposition of an indoor air pollutant, acetaldehyde, using low-energy, sub-bandgap photons harnessed through sensitized triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) upconversion (UC). To utilize low-intensity noncoherent indoor light and maximize photocatalytic activity, we designed a plasmon-enhanced sub-bandgap photocatalyst device consisting of two main components: (1) TTA-UC rubbery polymer films containing broad-band plasmonic particles (Ag-SiO2) to upconvert sub-bandgap photons, and (2) nanodiamond (ND)-loaded WO3 as a visible-light photocatalyst composite...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
N Rammohan, A Filicko, K MacRenaris, D Ho, T J Meade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Li-Xia Su, Qing Lou, Zhen Jiao, Chong-Xin Shan
Despite extensive work on fluorescence behavior stemming from color centers of diamond, reports on the excitation-dependent fluorescence of nanodiamonds (NDs) with a large-scale redshift from 400 to 620 nm under different excitation wavelengths are so far much fewer, especially in biological applications. The fluorescence can be attributed to the combined effects of the fraction of sp(2)-hybridized carbon atoms among the surface of the fine diamond nanoparticles and the defect energy trapping states on the surface of the diamond...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
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