Read by QxMD icon Read


Gerard Planes Conangla, Andreas W Schell, Raul A Rica, Romain Quidant
Levitation optomechanics exploits the unique mechanical properties of trapped nano-objects in vacuum in order to address some of the limitations of clamped nanomechanical resonators. In particular, its performance is foreseen to contribute to a better understanding of quantum decoherence at the mesoscopic scale as well as to lead to novel ultra-sensitive sensing schemes. While most efforts have so far focused on optical trapping of low absorbing silica particles, further opportunities arise from levitating objects with internal degrees of freedom like color centers...
May 17, 2018: Nano Letters
Asangi Gannoruwa, Seiichi Kawahara
The distribution of nanodiamond inside a nanomatrix, which is related to the mechanical and viscoelastic properties, is investigated for a natural rubber-nanodiamond composite. The composite is prepared by reacting nanodiamond with deproteinized natural rubber (NR-ND) in the presence of a tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHPO) / tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) radical initiator at 30 °C in the latex stage and subsequent drying. The morphology of the composite is observed by 3D transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
May 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Zhongping Huang, Peng Yao, Qiulian Zhu, Lili Wang, Yan Zhu
A novel polystyrene-divinylbenzene microspheres hybridized with oxidized nanodiamonds (PS-DVB-OND) was synthesized by the method of seed swelling and polymerization. The oxidized nanodiamonds (OND) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, X-ray phtoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD). PS-DVB-OND particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The result suggested that OND were successfully embedded into the polymer microspheres with the diameter of 6 ± 2 µm...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Nicholas Nunn, Marta d'Amora, Neeraj Prabhakar, Alexander M Panich, Natalya Froumin, Marco D Torelli, Igor Vlasov, Philipp Reineck, Brant Gibson, Jessica M Rosenholm, Silvia Giordani, Olga Shenderova
Detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) have emerged as promising candidates for a variety of biomedical applications, thanks to different physicochemical and biological properties, such as small size and reactive surfaces. In this study, we propose carbon dot decorated single digit (4-5 nm diameter) primary particles of detonation nanodiamond as promising fluorescent probes. Due to their intrinsic fluorescence originating from tiny (1-2 atomic layer thickness) carbonaceous structures on their surfaces, they exhibit brightness suitable for in vitro imaging...
May 9, 2018: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
A S Barnard
Diamond nanoparticles (nanodiamonds) are unique among carbon nanomaterials, and are quickly establishing a niché in the biomedical application domain. Nanodiamonds are non-toxic, amenable to economically viable mass production, and can be interfaced with a variety of functional moieties. However, developmental challenges arise due to the chemical complexity and structural diversity inherent in nanodiamond samples. Nanodiamonds present a narrow, but significant, distribution of sizes, a dizzying array of possible shapes, and a complicated surface containing aliphatic and aromatic carbon...
May 8, 2018: Nanoscale
Bo-Rong Lin, Chien-Hsu Chen, Srinivasu Kunuku, Tzung-Yuang Chen, Tung-Yuan Hsiao, Huan Niu, Chien-Ping Lee
We report in this paper a new MRI contrast agent based on magnetic nanodiamonds fabricated by Fe ion implantation. The Fe atoms that are implanted into the nanodiamonds are not in direct contact with the outside world, enabling this new contrast agent to be free from cell toxicity. The image enhancement was shown clearly through T2 weighted images. The concentration dependence of the T2 relaxation time gives a relaxivity value that is about seven times that of the regular non-magnetic nanodiamonds. Cell viability study has also been performed...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Duck Hyun Kim, A-Young Sung
In this study, to manufacture dental resin cement, Bis-GMA was used as a major ingredient, TEGDMA was used as a diluent, and camphoroquinone was used as a photoinitiator. Nanodiamonds were added to increase the bonding strength. After mixing Bis-GMA, HPMA, TEGDMA, BHT, BPO, and camphoroquinone (photoinitiator), nanodiamonds were added at a ratio of 2-3%, and polymerization was done after stirring for 24 hours. Photopolymerization was also carried out with Dentmate (LWDEX WL-090) by irradiation at a 440-480 nm wavelength and at about 1000 mW/cm2 intensity for about 40 seconds...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Katarzyna Anna Mitura, Elżbieta Włodarczyk
Nanoparticles have an extended surface and a large surface area, which is the ratio of the size of the surfacearea to the volume. A functionalized surface can give rise to more modifications and therefore allows this nanomaterial to have new properties. Fluorescent molecules contain fluorophore, which is capable of being excited via the absorption of light energy at a specific wavelength and subsequently emitting radiation energy of a longer wavelength. A chemically modified surface of nanodiamond (ND; by carboxylation) demonstrated biocompatibility with DNA, cytochrome C, and antigens...
April 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Hui Wang, Qianwang Chen, Shuiqin Zhou
Nanosized crosslinked polymer networks, named as nanogels, are playing an increasingly important role in a diverse range of applications by virtue of their porous structures, large surface area, good biocompatibility and responsiveness to internal and/or external chemico-physical stimuli. Recently, a variety of carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon quantum dots, graphene/graphene oxide nanosheets, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and nanodiamonds, have been embedded into responsive polymer nanogels, in order to integrate the unique electro-optical properties of carbon nanomaterials with the merits of nanogels into a single hybrid nanogel system for improvement of their applications in nanomedicine...
April 18, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Yue Yu, Masahiro Nishikawa, Ming Liu, Takahiro Tei, Sunil C Kaul, Renu Wadhawa, Minfang Zhang, Junko Takahashi, Eijiro Miyako
A nanodiamond (ND) is a promising material for drug delivery applications owing to its relatively low cost, amenability to large-scale synthesis, unique structure, and low toxicity. However, synthesizing drug-loaded ND conjugates with uniform and tunable sizes, high loading capacity, efficacy in drug delivery, and versatility in terms of surface functionalization has been challenging. Here, we show that perfluorooctanoic acid-functionalized NDs spontaneously transform into well-dispersed and biocompatible supraparticle (SP) nanoclusters...
April 17, 2018: Nanoscale
Roshanak Namdar, Shohreh Nafisi
The biocompatibility and nontoxicity of nanodiamonds (NDs) in combination with their excellent physical performance have rendered them attractive candidates for biomedical applications. NDs have great potential in drug nanoformulations because of their small size compared with other carbon nanomaterials. They are nontoxic with excellent adsorption properties and can be formulated into skin care products. Even though NDs have shown encouraging potential in skin preparations, only a few studies have reviewed their application in topical drug delivery systems...
April 13, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
Rae-Hyung Kang, Seung Woon Baek, Tae-Kyung Ryu, Sung-Wook Choi
This paper describes the fabrication of water-dispersible nanodiamond (ND) clusters with blue fluorescence for cellular bioimaging. Poly(ethylene glycol) carboxyl methyl acid (mPEG-COOH) and alkyl isocyanates with different chain lengths were conjugated onto the surface of the ND clusters for water dispersibility and fluorescence via carbodiimide chemistry. The relative fluorescence intensity was increased with the increases in the chain length of alkyl isocyanate and also their conjugated concentration. The ND clusters (average size of 37...
April 5, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
David A Hopper, Richard R Grote, Samuel M Parks, Lee C Bassett
Nanodiamonds containing nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers offer a versatile platform for sensing applications spanning from nanomagnetism to in-vivo monitoring of cellular processes. In many cases, however, weak optical signals and poor contrast demand long acquisition times that prevent the measurement of environmental dynamics. Here, we demonstrate the ability to perform fast, high-contrast optical measurements of charge distributions in ensembles of NV centers in nanodiamonds and use the technique to improve the spin readout signal-to-noise ratio through spin-to-charge conversion...
April 13, 2018: ACS Nano
Kazuko Matsumoto, Hideyuki Yamato, Seishiro Kakimoto, Takeshi Yamashita, Ryutaro Wada, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Masakazu Akita, Tadamasa Fujimura
A new adsorbent Cu-Perussian blue@Nanodiamond (Cu-PB@DND) for Cs+ removal was prepared and characterized with IR, SEM, X-ray diffraction, particle size analysis, and zeta-potential. The adsorbent consists of a core of aggregated detonation nanodiamond (DND) particles with the surface treated with Cu-PB. Cesium adsorption was studied in two modes; a co-precipitation mode and a batch mode. In the co-precipitation mode, DND, CuCl2 , and K4 [Fe(CN)6 ] were added sequentially to a Cs+ solution in diluted artificial seawater...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Seira Morimune-Moriya, Michaela Salajkova, Qi Zhou, Takashi Nishino, Lars A Berglund
Although research on nanopaper structures from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) is well established, the mechanical behavior is not well understood, especially not when CNF is combined with hard nanoparticles. Cationic CNF (Q-CNF) was prepared and successfully decorated by anionic nanodiamond (ND) nanoparticles in hydrocolloidal form. The Q-CNF/ND nanocomposites were filtered from a hydrocolloid and dried. Unlike many other carbon nanocomposites, the Q-CNF/ND nanocomposites were optically transparent. Reinforcement effects from the nanodiamond were remarkable, such as Young's modulus (9...
April 5, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Shingo Sotoma, Daiki Terada, Takuya F Segawa, Ryuji Igarashi, Yoshie Harada, Masahiro Shirakawa
The development of sensors to estimate physical properties, and their temporal and spatial variation, has been a central driving force in scientific breakthroughs. In recent years, nanosensors based on quantum measurements, such as nitrogen-vacancy centres (NVCs) in nanodiamonds, have been attracting much attention as ultrastable, sensitive, accurate and versatile physical sensors for quantitative cellular measurements. However, the nanodiamonds currently available for use as sensors have diameters of several tens of nanometres, much larger than the usual size of a protein...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
P R Dolan, S Adekanye, A A P Trichet, S Johnson, L C Flatten, Y C Chen, L Weng, D Hunger, H-C Chang, S Castelletto, J M Smith
We report progress in the development of tunable room temperature triggered single photon sources based on single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in nanodiamond coupled to open access optical micro-cavities. The feeding of fluorescence from an NV centre into the cavity mode increases the spectral density of the emission and results in an output stream of triggered single photons with spectral line width of order 1 nm, tunable in the range 640 - 700 nm. We record single photon purities exceeding 96% and estimated device efficiencies up to 3%...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Erkan Yilmaz, Halil İbrahim Ulusoy, Özge Demir, Mustafa Soylak
A sensitive analytical methodology was investigated to concentrate and determine of sildenafil citrate (SLC) present at trace level in herbal supplementary products. The proposed method is based on simple and sensitive pre-concentration of SLC by using magnetic solid phase extraction with new developed magnetic nanodiamond/graphene oxide hybrid (Fe3 O4 @ND@GO) material as a sorbent. Experimental variables affecting the extraction efficiency of SLC like; pH, sample volume, eluent type and volume, extraction time and amount of adsorbent were studied and optimized in detail...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Muthaiah Shellaiah, Turibius Simon, Parthiban Venkatesan, Kien Wen Sun, Fu-Hsiang Ko, Shu-Pao Wu
Nanodiamonds were modified such that they carry thiol groups (ND-thiol). Gold nanoparticles were reacted with ND-thiol to obtain a highly stable conjugate of the type ND@AuNPs. Both ND-thiol and the ND@AuNPs were characterized by SEM, TEM, AFM, DLS, zeta potential, XPS, XRD, UV-Vis, Raman, FTIR and cytotoxicity studies. Their biocompatibility was confirmed via an MTT assay with HeLa cells. At a pH value of 6, the ND@AuNPs represent a colorimetric probe that can be used to selectively detect the illegally used β-adrenergic drug clenbuterol (CLB) and the pollutant chromium(III)...
December 20, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
M Laura Soriano, Carolina Carrillo-Carrion, Celia Ruiz-Palomero, Miguel Valcárcel
The manuscript reports on the preparation of β-cyclodextrin-modified nanodiamonds (βCD-ND) for the extraction and preconcentration of the fluorescent anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) from biological samples. The inclusion of DOX into the cavities of β- and γ-cyclodextrin (CD) confirms their utility for selective extraction and elution of the drug based on its good fit to the cyclodextrin cavity. Although both larger cyclodextrins (βCD and γCD) accommodate DOX, DOX clearly prefers the bigger γCD cavities...
January 15, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"