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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719954/subsets-of-inflammatory-cytokine-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-risk-of-carcinogenic-liver-fluke-opisthorchis-viverrini-associated-advanced-periductal-fibrosis-and-cholangiocarcinoma
#1
Arpa Surapaitoon, Sutas Suttiprapa, Eimorn Mairiang, Narong Khuntikeo, Chawalit Pairojkul, Jeffrey Bethony, Paul J Brindley, Banchob Sripa
Opisthorchis viverrini infection induces chronic inflammation, and a minor proportion of infected individuals develop advanced periductal fibrosis (APF) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Inflammatory cytokines and/or their gene polymorphisms may link to these biliary pathologies. We therefore investigated associations among cytokine gene polymorphisms and cytokine production in 510 Thai cases infected with O. viverrini who presented with APF+ or APF-, as established by abdominal ultrasonography as well as in patients diagnosed with CCA...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719923/-breaking-bad-news-to-cancer-patients-content-communication-preferences-and-psychological-distress
#2
Claudia Gebhardt, Claudia Gorba, Karin Oechsle, Sigrun Vehling, Uwe Koch, Anja Mehnert
Objectives Breaking bad news can be a very distressing situation for both patients and physicians. Physician communication behavior should therefore match patients' communication preferences. The aim of this study was to characterize the content of bad news from the patients' perspective. Patients' preferences for communication of bad news as well as the fit to communication behavior displayed by physicians were also investigated. Finally, consequences of a mismatch between patients' preferences and physician communication were investigated in relation to psychological distress in patients...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719867/tissue-homeostasis-and-aging-new-insight-from-the-fly-intestine
#3
REVIEW
Louis Gervais, Allison J Bardin
Adult somatic stem cells facilitate tissue homeostasis throughout the life of the organism. The mechanisms controlling stem cell activity are under intense scrutiny, with the aims of elucidating how they mediate tissue homeostasis, contribute to age-related decline of adult tissues, and promote tumorigenesis. Recently, the use of model systems such as the Drosophila intestine has enriched our understanding of how stem cells integrate local and systemic signals to maintain tissue and organs function in physiological conditions of homeostasis or after damage...
July 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719808/activated-neuro-oxidative-and-neuro-nitrosative-pathways-at-the-end-of-term-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-physio-somatic-and-depression-symptoms-while-predicting-outcome-characteristics-in-mother-and-baby
#4
Chutima Roomruangwong, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, André de Souza Nogueira, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVES: To examine oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers at the end of term in relation to perinatal affective symptoms, neuro-immune biomarkers and pregnancy-related outcome variables. METHODS: We measured plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), -sulfhydryl (-SH), peroxides (LOOH) and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in pregnant women with and without prenatal depression and non-pregnant controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719798/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cells-for-b-cell-malignancies
#5
REVIEW
Eben I Lichtman, Gianpietro Dotti
The adoptive transfer of T-lymphocytes modified to express chimeric antigen receptors (CAR-Ts) has produced impressive clinical responses among patients with B-cell malignancies. This has led to a rapid expansion in the number of clinical trials over the past several years. Although CD19-specific CAR-Ts are the most extensively evaluated, CAR-Ts specific for other B-cell-associated targets have also shown promise. However, despite this success, toxicities associated with CAR-T administration remain a significant concern...
June 29, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719753/exercise-prescriptions-for-training-and-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-heart-and-lung-disease
#6
Pietro Palermo, Ugo Corrà
Rehabilitation in patients with advanced cardiac and pulmonary disease has been shown to increase survival and improve quality of life among many other benefits. Exercise training is the fundamental ingredient in these rehabilitation programs. However, determining the amount of exercise is not straightforward or uniform. Most rehabilitation and training program fix the time of exercise and set the exercise intensity to the goals of the rehabilitation program and the exercise-related hurdles of the individual...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719737/a-novel-framework-for-analyzing-conservation-impacts-evaluation-theory-and-marine-protected-areas
#7
REVIEW
Michael B Mascia, Helen E Fox, Louise Glew, Gabby N Ahmadia, Arun Agrawal, Megan Barnes, Xavier Basurto, Ian Craigie, Emily Darling, Jonas Geldmann, David Gill, Susie Holst Rice, Olaf P Jensen, Sarah E Lester, Patrick McConney, Peter J Mumby, Mateja Nenadovic, John E Parks, Robert S Pomeroy, Alan T White
Environmental conservation initiatives, including marine protected areas (MPAs), have proliferated in recent decades. Designed to conserve marine biodiversity, many MPAs also seek to foster sustainable development. As is the case for many other environmental policies and programs, the impacts of MPAs are poorly understood. Social-ecological systems, impact evaluation, and common-pool resource governance are three complementary scientific frameworks for documenting and explaining the ecological and social impacts of conservation interventions...
July 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719714/myiasis-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-seldom-described-but-commonly-seen
#8
Fábio Muradás Girardi, Maria Lúcia Scrofernecker
Human myiasis is a parasitosis usually found in tropical and underdeveloped countries. It usually affects ulcerated lesions or devitalized tissues, developing after deposition of dipterous eggs. Patients with head and neck cancer are at risk to develop secondary myiasis. A representative percentage of those patients manifest with neglected and advanced tumors, usually in exposed areas and with necrotic tissues. Few case reports and small series constitute the available information about this parasitosis. Most studies have been conducted in patients with skin carcinomas, although myiasis has already been described in association with other head and neck malignancies...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719713/lymph-node-positive-cutaneous-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-poor-prognosis-disease-in-need-of-treatment-intensification
#9
Lora S Wang, Elizabeth A Handorf, John A Ridge, Barbara A Burtness, Miriam N Lango, Ranee Mehra, Jeffrey C Liu, Thomas J Galloway
Locoregionally advanced nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has an aggressive clinical course characterized by high rates of treatment failure and poor survival compared with localized skin cancers. Our goal was to investigate multimodal therapy for lymph-node-positive NMSC. Data from patients with lymph-node-positive NMSC who underwent surgery and adjuvant therapy at a single tertiary center from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Median follow-up was 1.8 years (range: 0.5 to 8.5). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719667/assessing-intragenomic-variation-of-the-internal-transcribed-spacer-two-adapting-the-illumina-metagenomics-protocol
#10
Lo'ai Alanagreh, Caitlin Pegg, Amritha Harikumar, Mark Buchheim
Primary and secondary structural data from the internal transcribed spacer two (ITS2) have been used extensively for diversity studies of many different eukaryotic organisms, including the green algae. Ease of amplification is due, at least in part, to the fact that ITS2 is part of the tandemly-repeated rRNA array. The potential confounding influence of intragenomic variability has yet to be addressed except in a few organisms. Moreover, few of the assessments of intragenomic variation have taken advantage of the deep sequencing capacity of sequence-by-synthesis protocols...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719659/dengue-prediction-by-the-web-tweets-are-a-useful-tool-for-estimating-and-forecasting-dengue-at-country-and-city-level
#11
Cecilia de Almeida Marques-Toledo, Carolin Marlen Degener, Livia Vinhal, Giovanini Coelho, Wagner Meira, Claudia Torres Codeço, Mauro Martins Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are a leading threat to public health. Accurate and timely monitoring of disease risk and progress can reduce their impact. Mentioning a disease in social networks is correlated with physician visits by patients, and can be used to estimate disease activity. Dengue is the fastest growing mosquito-borne viral disease, with an estimated annual incidence of 390 million infections, of which 96 million manifest clinically. Dengue burden is likely to increase in the future owing to trends toward increased urbanization, scarce water supplies and, possibly, environmental change...
July 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719598/the-predictive-value-of-abcb1-abcg2-cyp3a4-5-and-cyp2d6-polymorphisms-for-risperidone-and-aripiprazole-plasma-concentrations-and-the-occurrence-of-adverse-drug-reactions
#12
C Rafaniello, M Sessa, F F Bernardi, M Pozzi, S Cheli, D Cattaneo, S Baldelli, M Molteni, R Bernardini, F Rossi, E Clementi, C Bravaccio, S Radice, A Capuano
We investigated in ninety Caucasian pediatric patients the impact of the main polymorphisms occurring in CYP3A, CYP2D6, ABCB1 and ABCG2 genes on second-generation antipsychotics plasma concentrations, and their association with the occurrence of adverse drug reactions. Patients with the CA/AA ABCG2 genotype had a statistically significant lower risperidone plasma concentration/dose ratio (Ct/ds) (P-value: 0.007) and an higher estimated marginal probability of developing metabolism and nutrition disorders as compared to the ABCG2 c...
July 18, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719597/pharmacogenomics-study-of-thiazide-diuretics-and-qt-interval-in-multi-ethnic-populations-the-cohorts-for-heart-and-aging-research-in-genomic-epidemiology
#13
A A Seyerle, C M Sitlani, R Noordam, S M Gogarten, J Li, X Li, D S Evans, F Sun, M A Laaksonen, A Isaacs, K Kristiansson, H M Highland, J D Stewart, T B Harris, S Trompet, J C Bis, G M Peloso, J A Brody, L Broer, E L Busch, Q Duan, A M Stilp, C J O'Donnell, P W Macfarlane, J S Floyd, J A Kors, H J Lin, R Li-Gao, T Sofer, R Méndez-Giráldez, S R Cummings, S R Heckbert, A Hofman, I Ford, Y Li, L J Launer, K Porthan, C Newton-Cheh, M D Napier, K F Kerr, A P Reiner, K M Rice, J Roach, B M Buckley, E Z Soliman, R de Mutsert, N Sotoodehnia, A G Uitterlinden, K E North, C R Lee, V Gudnason, T Stürmer, F R Rosendaal, K D Taylor, K L Wiggins, J G Wilson, Y-DI Chen, R C Kaplan, K Wilhelmsen, L A Cupples, V Salomaa, C van Duijn, J W Jukema, Y Liu, D O Mook-Kanamori, L A Lange, R S Vasan, A V Smith, B H Stricker, C C Laurie, J I Rotter, E A Whitsel, B M Psaty, C L Avery
Thiazide diuretics, commonly used antihypertensives, may cause QT interval (QT) prolongation, a risk factor for highly fatal and difficult to predict ventricular arrhythmias. We examined whether common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) modified the association between thiazide use and QT or its component parts (QRS interval, JT interval) by performing ancestry-specific, trans-ethnic and cross-phenotype genome-wide analyses of European (66%), African American (15%) and Hispanic (19%) populations (N=78 199), leveraging longitudinal data, incorporating corrected standard errors to account for underestimation of interaction estimate variances and evaluating evidence for pathway enrichment...
July 18, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719596/the-influence-of-fcgr2a-and-fcgr3a-polymorphisms-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-squamous-cell-head-and-neck-cancer-treated-with-cetuximab
#14
T Magnes, T Melchardt, C Hufnagl, L Weiss, C Mittermair, D Neureiter, E Klieser, G Rinnerthaler, S Roesch, A Gaggl, R Greil, A Egle
FCGR2A-H131R and FCGR3A-V157F are single-nucleotide polymorphisms known to influence the outcome of patients treated with rituximab, cetuximab and trastuzumab. We investigated the impact of these polymorphisms on the clinical outcome of 103 patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck treated with a platinum compound, fluorouracil and cetuximab as palliative first-line therapy. The survival of patients with FCGR2A-131H/H and/or FCGR3A-157V/V genotypes was significantly longer compared with patients carrying 131R and 157F alleles (median progression-free survival (PFS): 5...
July 18, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719595/risk-of-postoperative-complications-among-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-treated-preoperatively-with-vedolizumab
#15
Akihiro Yamada, Yuga Komaki, Nayan Patel, Fukiko Komaki, Arthur S Aelvoet, Anthony L Tran, Joel Pekow, Sushila Dalal, Russell D Cohen, Lisa Cannon, Konstantin Umanskiy, Radhika Smith, Roger Hurst, Neil Hyman, David T Rubin, Atsushi Sakuraba
OBJECTIVES: Vedolizumab is increasingly used to treat patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), however, its safety during the perioperative period remains unclear. We compared the 30-day postoperative complications among patients treated preoperatively with vedolizumab, anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents or non-biological therapy. METHODS: The retrospective study cohort was comprised of patients receiving vedolizumab, anti-TNF-α agents or non-biological therapy within 4 weeks of surgery...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719594/prophylactic-therapy-of-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children-comparison-of-amitriptyline-and-cyproheptadine-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Negin Badihian, Hossein Saneian, Shervin Badihian, Omid Yaghini
OBJECTIVES: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting. There is no definite treatment for the condition, although some medications are recommended. We aimed to compare the efficacy of amitriptyline and cyproheptadine in prophylactic therapy of CVS. METHODS: This is a single-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted during 2015-2016 in Isfahan, Iran. Sixty-four children who were 3-15 years old, with a diagnosis of CVS (based on Rome III criteria), were included in the study and were randomly divided into two groups of amitriptyline and cyproheptadine...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719593/long-term-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-with-swallowed-topical-corticosteroids-development-and-evaluation-of-a-therapeutic-concept
#17
Thomas Greuter, Christian Bussmann, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Alain M Schoepfer, Luc Biedermann, Stephan R Vavricka, Alex Straumann
OBJECTIVES: Swallowed topical corticosteroids (STCs) are efficacious in inducing and presumably maintaining remission in patients with active eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Hitherto, it has not been evaluated whether long-lasting remission can be achieved, and whether treatment can be stopped once patients have achieved this remission. METHODS: Since 2007, EoE patients included into a large database at the Swiss EoE Clinics were put on STCs as induction/maintenance therapy...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719592/ten-day-quadruple-therapy-comprising-proton-pump-inhibitor-bismuth-tetracycline-and-levofloxacin-is-more-effective-than-standard-levofloxacin-triple-therapy-in-the-second-line-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ping-I Hsu, Feng-Woei Tsai, Sung-Shuo Kao, Wen-Hung Hsu, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Nan-Jing Peng, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Huang-Ming Hu, Yao-Kuang Wang, Seng-Kee Chuah, Angela Chen, Deng-Chyang Wu
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-amoxicillin-fluoroquinolone triple therapy is recommended as a second-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in the Maastricht V/Florence Consensus Report. However, the eradication rate of this standard salvage treatment is suboptimal. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of esomeprazole-bismuth-tetracycline-levofloxacin therapy (TL quadruple therapy) and esomeprazole-amoxicillin-levofloxacin triple therapy (AL triple therapy) in rescue treatment for H...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719585/immunotherapy-reality-check-for-nivolumab-in-advanced-stage-melanoma
#19
Diana Romero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719569/stress-analysis-of-zygomatic-implants-on-the-augmented-maxillary-sinus-is-it-necessary-to-graft
#20
Süleyman Kaman, Fethi Atıl, Umut Tekin, Ozkan Ozgul, Mustafa Ercument Önder, Seda Yılmaz, Hamiyet Gungor, Ismail Doruk Kocyigit
PURPOSE: Zygomatic implants are becoming an ideal therapy with advanced implant-supported prosthetic treatment for the posterior atrophic maxilla. The purpose of this study is to examine the quantity and distribution of stress, which was caused by zygomatic implants placed using intrasinus method with or without augmentation to the atrophic posterior maxilla. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this study, 3-dimensional atrophic edentulous maxilla models with and without sinus augmentation are designed with computer-aided programs...
July 17, 2017: Implant Dentistry
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