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Longxiang Wang, Zhengdong Zhu, Xingjun Zhang, Xiaoshe Dong, Yinfeng Wang
Reducing duplicated data of database backups is an important application scenario for data deduplication technology. NewSQL is an emerging database system and is now being used more and more widely. NewSQL systems need to improve data reliability by periodically backing up in-memory data, resulting in a lot of duplicated data. The traditional deduplication method is not optimized for the NewSQL server system and cannot take full advantage of hardware resources to optimize deduplication performance. A recent research pointed out that the future NewSQL server will have thousands of CPU cores, large DRAM and huge NVRAM...
2017: PloS One
Quentin Geissmann, Luis Garcia Rodriguez, Esteban J Beckwith, Alice S French, Arian R Jamasb, Giorgio F Gilestro
Here, we present the use of ethoscopes, which are machines for high-throughput analysis of behavior in Drosophila and other animals. Ethoscopes provide a software and hardware solution that is reproducible and easily scalable. They perform, in real-time, tracking and profiling of behavior by using a supervised machine learning algorithm, are able to deliver behaviorally triggered stimuli to flies in a feedback-loop mode, and are highly customizable and open source. Ethoscopes can be built easily by using 3D printing technology and rely on Raspberry Pi microcomputers and Arduino boards to provide affordable and flexible hardware...
October 2017: PLoS Biology
Allan F Simpao, Mohamed A Rehman
Anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) have evolved from simple, automated intraoperative record keepers in a select few institutions to widely adopted, sophisticated hardware and software solutions that are integrated into a hospital's electronic health record system and used to manage and document a patient's entire perioperative experience. AIMS implementations have resulted in numerous billing, research, and clinical benefits, yet there remain challenges and areas of potential improvement to AIMS utilization...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Fran A Hardaway, Ahmed M Raslan, Kim J Burchiel
BACKGROUND: Infection is one of the most common complications of deep brain stimulation (DBS). Long-term infection rates beyond the immediate postoperative period are rarely evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To study short- and long-term DBS-related infection rates; to evaluate any potential seasonality associated with DBS-related infections. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all DBS surgeries performed in a 5-yr period at 1 hospital by a single surgeon...
October 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
Sean D Smith, Joseph K Kawash, Andrey Grigoriev
Background: Current human whole genome sequencing projects produce massive amounts of data, often creating significant computational challenges. Different approaches have been developed for each type of genome variant and method of its detection, necessitating users to run multiple algorithms to find variants. Results: We present GROM (Genome Rearrangement OmniMapper), a novel comprehensive variant detection algorithm accepting aligned read files as input and finding SNVs, indels, structural variants (SVs), and copy number variants (CNVs)...
September 18, 2017: GigaScience
Elisa F Carneiro, Felipe Calliari, Gustavo C Amaral, Guilherme P Temporão
We theoretically propose and experimentally validate a practical random bit generation method based on the detections of a coherent state in the few-photon regime by a gated single-photon threshold detector, operating at the telecom wavelength of 1550 nanometers. By fine tuning the mean number of photons per pulse of a laser beam directed to the single-photon detector, a 50-50 chance of detection or no-detection is reached; under this condition, detections inside the gate window are treated as "1"s, while "0"s are associated with the absence of detections...
August 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Hecong Liu, Tao Yu, Man Zhang, Weiwei Cai
Three-dimensional imaging techniques have experienced a surge in research interest during the past few years due to advancements in both hardware, i.e., the sensor arrays and data acquisition systems, and new imaging concepts, such as light field imaging and compressed sensing. Computed tomography of chemiluminescence (CTC) is an intriguing technique for combustion diagnostics due to its ease of implementation, as no excitation source is required in measurements. It has been applied extensively for the retrieval of intermediate species such as CH(*)/OH(*), from which the flame topology can be obtained...
September 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Fanpeng Kong, Manuel Cegarra Polo, Andrew Lambert
Using center of gravity to estimate the centroid of the spot in a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor, the measurement corrupts with photon and detector noise. Parameters, like window size, often require careful optimization to balance the noise error, dynamic range, and linearity of the response coefficient under different photon flux. It also needs to be substituted by the correlation method for extended sources. We propose a centroid estimator based on stream processing, where the center of gravity calculation window floats with the incoming pixel from the detector...
August 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Syed Azer Reza, Tariq Shamim Khwaja, Mohsin Ali Mazhar, Haris Khan Niazi, Rahma Nawab
Various existing target ranging techniques are limited in terms of the dynamic range of operation and measurement resolution. These limitations arise as a result of a particular measurement methodology, the finite processing capability of the hardware components deployed within the sensor module, and the medium through which the target is viewed. Generally, improving the sensor range adversely affects its resolution and vice versa. Often, a distance sensor is designed for an optimal range/resolution setting depending on its intended application...
July 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Xiaonan Yu, Shoufeng Tong, Lei Zhang, Yan Dong, Xin Zhao, Yue Qiao
The inter-satellite laser link is the backbone of the next inter-satellite information network, and ranging and communication are the main functions of the inter-satellite laser link. This study focuses on the inter-satellite laser ranging based on the pseudo-code correlation technology. In this paper, several typical laser-ranging methods have been compared and we determined that the laser pseudo-code ranging architecture is more suitable for the inter-satellite laser communication link. The pseudo-code ranging system is easy to combine with a digital communication system, and we used it to calculate integer ambiguity by modulating the time information...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Elise E DeVito, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) use has increased substantially in recent years. While e-cigarettes have been proposed as a potentially effective smoking cessation tool, dual-use in smokers is common and e-cigarettes are widely used by non-smokers, including youth and young-adult non-smokers. Nicotine, the primary addictive component in cigarettes, is present at varying levels in many e-liquids. E-cigarettes may lead to initiation of nicotine use in adult and youth non-smokers, re-initiation of nicotine dependence in ex-smokers or increased severity of nicotine dependence in dual-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes...
October 16, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
Mark Chiew, Wenwen Jiang, Brian Burns, Peder Larson, Adam Steel, Peter Jezzard, M Albert Thomas, Uzay E Emir
It has been shown that density-weighted (DW) k-space sampling with spiral and conventional phase encoding trajectories reduces spatial side lobes in magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). In this study, we propose a new concentric ring trajectory (CRT) for DW-MRSI that samples k-space with a density that is proportional to a spatial, isotropic Hanning window. The properties of two different DW-CRTs were compared against a radially equidistant (RE) CRT and an echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI) trajectory in simulations, phantoms and in vivo experiments...
October 18, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
Haopeng Han, Raphael Moritz, Eva Oberacker, Helmar Waiczies, Thoralf Niendorf, Lukas Winter
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the mainstay of diagnostic imaging, a versatile instrument for clinical science and the subject of intense research interest. Advancing clinical science, research and technology of MRI requires high fidelity measurements in quantity, location and time of the given physical property. To meet this goal a broad spectrum of commercial measurement systems has been made available. These instruments frequently share in common that they are costly and typically employ closed proprietary hardware and software...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Regina G H Beets-Tan, Doenja M J Lambregts, Monique Maas, Shandra Bipat, Brunella Barbaro, Luís Curvo-Semedo, Helen M Fenlon, Marc J Gollub, Sofia Gourtsoyianni, Steve Halligan, Christine Hoeffel, Seung Ho Kim, Andrea Laghi, Andrea Maier, Søren R Rafaelsen, Jaap Stoker, Stuart A Taylor, Michael R Torkzad, Lennart Blomqvist
OBJECTIVES: To update the 2012 ESGAR consensus guidelines on the acquisition, interpretation and reporting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for clinical staging and restaging of rectal cancer. METHODS: Fourteen abdominal imaging experts from the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR) participated in a consensus meeting, organised according to an adaptation of the RAND-UCLA Appropriateness Method. Two independent (non-voting) Chairs facilitated the meeting...
October 17, 2017: European Radiology
Minliang Zhang, Qian Chen, Tianyang Tao, Shijie Feng, Yan Hu, Hui Li, Chao Zuo
Temporal phase unwrapping (TPU) is an essential algorithm in fringe projection profilometry (FPP), especially when measuring complex objects with discontinuities and isolated surfaces. Among others, the multi-frequency TPU has been proven to be the most reliable algorithm in the presence of noise. For a practical FPP system, in order to achieve an accurate, efficient, and reliable measurement, one needs to make wise choices about three key experimental parameters: the highest fringe frequency, the phase-shifting steps, and the fringe pattern sequence...
August 21, 2017: Optics Express
Ziyi Meng, Jianqiang Li, Chunjing Yin, Yuting Fan, Feifei Yin, Yue Zhou, Yitang Dai, Kun Xu
In this paper, a photonics-based dual-band linear frequency-modulated continuous wave (LFMCW) radar receiver is proposed. The system core is a microwave photonic in-phase and quadrature (I/Q) mixer, whose inherent large bandwidth, high I/Q balance and favorable uniformity enable the receiver to operate over an extremely wide frequency range. An integrated dual-band waveform offers the possibility of independent detection, allowing the sharing of hardware resources and joint dechirp processing of dual bands...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
Xia Chen, Song Zhang
This paper presents a novel method to effectively store three-dimensional (3D) data and 2D texture data into a regular 24-bit image. The proposed method uses the Hilbert space-filling curve to map the normalized unwrapped phase map to two 8-bit color channels, and saves the third color channel for 2D texture storage. By further leveraging existing 2D image and video compression techniques, the proposed method can achieve high compression ratios while effectively preserving data quality. Since the encoding and decoding processes can be applied to most of the current 2D media platforms, this proposed compression method can make 3D data storage and transmission available for many electrical devices without requiring special hardware changes...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
Markus Finkeldey, Lena Göring, Carsten Brenner, Martin Hofmann, Nils C Gerhardt
We demonstrate a method to select different layers in a sample using a low coherent gating approach combined with a stable common-path quantitative phase imaging microscopy setup. The depth-filtering technique allows us to suppress the negative effects generated by multiple interference patterns of overlaying optical interfaces in the sample. It maintains the compact and stable common-path setup, while enabling images with a high phase sensitivity and acquisition speed. We use a holographic microscope in reflective geometry with a non-tunable low coherence light source...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
Yihan Li, Naoya Kuse, Martin Fermann
A high-speed ultra-wideband microwave spectral scanning system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Utilizing coherent dual electro-optical frequency combs and a recirculating optical frequency shifter, the proposed system realizes wavelength- and time-division multiplexing at the same time, offering flexibility between scan speed and size, weight and power requirements (SWaP). High-speed spectral scanning spanning from ~1 to 8 GHz with ~1.2 MHz spectral resolution is achieved experimentally within 14 µs...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
Seong Hoon Kim, Sung Chul Lim, Jiyeon Kim, Byung-Chul Son, Kyung Jin Lee, Young-Min Shon
PURPOSE: Anterior thalamic deep brain stimulation (ATN DBS) is an emerging, effective treatment for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, but long-term results on its efficacy and safety are lacking. To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ATN DBS treatment, as well as predictors of its success, in patients with drug-refractory epilepsy (DRE). METHOD: We retrospectively studied clinical outcomes in 29 consecutive refractory epilepsy patients treated by a single DBS team (two neurosurgeons, four neurologists) over an 11-year period, for whom follow-up was performed for up to 137 months (mean, 74...
October 14, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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