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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106921/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-impregnated-curtains-in-experimental-hen-houses-as-a-phlebotomine-control-tool-in-northeast-argentina
#1
M Manteca Acosta, M S Santini, A A Pérez, O D Salomón
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of insecticide-impregnated curtains against the entry of phlebotomine (Diptera: Psychodidae) flies into experimental slatted hen houses in an area endemic for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). Three treatments in experimental dwellings containing three chickens each were applied using, respectively, an impregnated curtain (IC), a non-impregnated curtain (NIC) and no curtain (NC). A control site without chickens (WC) was included. The study used permethrin at 0...
January 20, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062466/knee-injury-and-acl-tear-prevention-programmes-pedro-synthesis
#2
S Eileen Meyer, Tiê P Yamato, Bruno T Saragiotto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046017/development-and-external-validation-of-the-korean-prostate-cancer-risk-calculator-for-high-grade-prostate-cancer-comparison-with-two-western-risk-calculators-in-an-asian-cohort
#3
Jae Young Park, Sungroh Yoon, Man Sik Park, Hoon Choi, Jae Hyun Bae, Du Geon Moon, Sung Kyu Hong, Sang Eun Lee, Chanwang Park, Seok-Soo Byun
PURPOSE: We developed the Korean Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator for High-Grade Prostate Cancer (KPCRC-HG) that predicts the probability of prostate cancer (PC) of Gleason score 7 or higher at the initial prostate biopsy in a Korean cohort (http://acl.snu.ac.kr/PCRC/RISC/). In addition, KPCRC-HG was validated and compared with internet-based Western risk calculators in a validation cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a logistic regression model, KPCRC-HG was developed based on the data from 602 previously unscreened Korean men who underwent initial prostate biopsies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031496/arthroscopic-transphyseal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#4
Luca Dei Giudici, Roberto Fabbrini, Luca Garro, Serena Arima, Antonio Gigante, Agostino Tucciarone
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of arthroscopic transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in 19 adolescent athletes. METHODS: 14 male and 5 female adolescent athletes aged 12 to 16 (mean, 13.9) years with Tanner stage 2 or 3 open physes underwent arthroscopic transphyseal ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon and were followed up for 5 years. Patients were evaluated using the numerical rating score (NRS) for pain, knee osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Tegner Activity Scale, and Lysholm Score, as well as the leg length discrepancy, femorotibial alignment, varus or valgus deformities, active and passive knee range of motion...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024306/a-canine-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-model-for-study-of-synthetic-augmentation-of-tendon-allografts
#5
James L Cook, Pat Smith, James P Stannard, Ferris Pfeiffer, Keiichi Kuroki, Chantelle C Bozynski, Cristi Cook
Novel graft types, fixation methods, and means for augmenting anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions require preclinical validation prior to safe and effective clinical application. The objective of this study was to describe and validate a translational canine model for all-inside arthroscopic complete ACL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon allograft with internal brace (QTIB). With institutional approval, adult research hounds underwent complete transection of the native ACL followed by all-inside ACL reconstruction using the novel QTIB construct with suspensory fixation (n = 10)...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018080/drill-bit-failure-and-retrieval-during-arthroscopic-acl-reconstruction
#6
M S Dhillon, R John, S Prabhakar, S Sharma, M Kaushal
A case of broken drill bit during arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and the technique adopted to overcome this complication is presented. We also review the literature for intra-operative incidents and technical complications during arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and various precautions we should implement to prevent such technical pitfalls from coming into reality.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006992/increasing-hip-and-knee-flexion-during-a-drop-jump-task-reduces-tibiofemoral-shear-and-compressive-forces-implications-for-acl-injury-prevention-training
#7
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yi-An Ko, Kyle E Hammond, John W Xerogeanes, Gordon L Warren, Christopher M Powers
Although most ACL injury prevention programmes encourage greater hip and knee flexion during landing, it remains unknown how this technique influences tibiofemoral joint forces. We examined whether a landing strategy utilising greater hip and knee flexion decreases tibiofemoral anterior shear and compression. Twelve healthy women (25.9 ± 3.5 years) performed a drop-jump task before and after a training session (10-15 min) that emphasised greater hip and knee flexion. Peak tibiofemoral anterior shear and compressive forces were calculated using an electromyography (EMG)-driven knee model that incorporated joint kinematics, EMG and participant-specific muscle volumes and patella tendon orientation measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005102/tibial-tubercle-fracture-after-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-autograft
#8
Matthew J Brown, Leslie J Bisson, Mark J Anders
Fractures occurring with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are rare and those that do occur take place on the patellar side of a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) autograft. Here we discuss a far more infrequent occurrence, fracture of the tibial tubercle aspect of the BPTB autograft. This fracture type occurs even more infrequently than tibial plateau fractures after ACL reconstruction based on the published literature. In this article we discuss the third published episode of a tibial tubercle fracture after BPTB allograft...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005092/preservation-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-a-treatment-algorithm-based-on-tear-location-and-tissue-quality
#9
Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
The gold standard of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is currently single-bundle autograft reconstruction. However, many disadvantages of reconstructive surgery exist, such as: anterior knee pain, muscle atrophy, and loss of range of motion. In addition, native kinematics are not restored, and osteoarthritis is not prevented. Finally, revision surgery, if necessary, can be problematic due to tunnel widening, tunnel malpositioning, and preexisting hardware. Ligament preservation includes preservation of native tissues in order to optimize the biologic aspects, while decreasing the invasive nature of reconstructive surgery...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003668/concurrent-lateral-meniscal-repair-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-induces-the-extrusion-of-the-lateral-meniscus-assessments-of-magnetic-resonance-images
#10
Naoko Kashihara, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yuya Kodama, Takaaki Tanaka, Toshifumi Ozaki
Concurrent meniscal repair with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has shown good clinical outcomes, but it has a considerable risk of progressing to post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the knee. Here we investigated postoperative changes in the position of the lateral meniscus (LM) and assessed the short-term clinical results after concurrent LM repair with ACL reconstruction. Twentyseven patients underwent LM repair of a peripheral longitudinal tear concomitant with ACL reconstruction. We evaluated the preoperative and postoperative values of the Lysholm score and anteroposterior instability...
December 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993844/comparison-of-four-alternative-national-universal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-programme-implementation-strategies-to-reduce-secondary-future-medical-costs
#11
Dion A Lewis, Brent Kirkbride, Christopher J Vertullo, Louisa Gordon, Tracy A Comans
BACKGROUND/AIM: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common and devastating sporting injury. With or without ACL reconstruction, the risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and permanent disability later in life is markedly increased. While neuromuscular training programmes can prevent 50-80% of ACL injuries, no national implementation strategies exist in Australia. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of four alternative national universal ACL injury prevention programme implementation strategies to reduce future medical costs secondary to ACL injury...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988438/detection-of-lupus-anticoagulant-in-the-era-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#12
REVIEW
Ariela Hoxha, Alessandra Banzato, Amelia Ruffatti, Vittorio Pengo
Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) is an in vitro phenomenon determining a phospholipid-dependent elongation of clotting times. The presence of LAC associated with anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-β2 glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI) antibodies is strongly associated with thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) targeting thrombin and factor Xa are currently widely use to prevent and treat venous and arterial thromboembolism. Some concern has, however, been expressed about the possibility of false laboratory results during LAC assessment in patients taking these drugs...
December 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955793/a-cross-sectional-study-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-gallbladder-disease
#13
Changqing Li, Catherine Mikus, Ali Ahmed, Gang Hu, Kaiyu Xiong, Yimin Zhang, Xuemei Sui
PURPOSE: To determine the association of different levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), an objective indicator of habitual physical activity, with gallbladder disease. METHODS: In the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) database, 41,528 men and 13,206 women aged 20-90 years, with body mass index of 18.5 or more and without history of cardiovascular disease and cancer, received a preventive examination at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, between 1970 and 2003...
November 21, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922985/video-analysis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries-a-systematic-review
#14
Victor R Carlson, Frances T Sheehan, Barry P Boden
BACKGROUND: As the most viable method for investigating in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, video analysis is critical for understanding ACL injury mechanisms and advancing preventative training programs. Despite the limited number of published studies involving video analysis, much has been gained through evaluating actual injury scenarios. METHODS: Studies meeting criteria for this systematic review were collected by performing a broad search of the ACL literature with use of variations and combinations of video recordings and ACL injuries...
November 29, 2016: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918596/degeneration-in-acl-injured-knees-with-and-without-reconstruction-in-relation-to-muscle-size-and-fat-content-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#15
Pia M Jungmann, Thomas Baum, Michael C Nevitt, Lorenzo Nardo, Alexandra S Gersing, Nancy E Lane, Charles E McCulloch, Ernst J Rummeny, Thomas M Link
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) injuries represent a major risk factor for early osteoarthritis (OA). PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and 4-year progression of knee OA measured with 3T MR-imaging in individuals with ruptured, reconstructed or normal ACL and to assess the impact of thigh muscle characteristics. METHODS: A total of 54 knees (23/54 male, 31/54 female) were recruited from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). At baseline, 15/54 subjects had prevalent ACL ruptures and 15/54 subjects had prevalent ACL reconstruction (24/54 normal ACL)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885394/sports-specific-differences-in-postsurgical-infections-after-arthroscopically-assisted-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Werner Krutsch, Johannes Zellner, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Matthias Koch, Christian Pfeifer, Peter Angele
PURPOSE: Post-operative infection after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare but severe complication, particularly for young and active patients. It is unclear whether the prevalence of knee infection is correlated with the type of sports or the level of performance. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, the internal single-centre ACL registry of the FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence Regensburg was retrospectively screened for sex, age, time between isolated primary ACL rupture and surgery, surgical technique, rate of infection after ACL reconstruction and the type of sports practised...
November 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857501/prospective-study-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-associated-with-high-tibial-opening-wedge-osteotomy-in-knee-arthritis-associated-with-instability
#17
Raju Vaishya, Vipul Vijay, Gyanendra Kumar Jha, Amit Kumar Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Chronic ACL insufficiency with associated varus malalignment due to knee osteoarthritis (OA) is challenging to treat surgically. A combined ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) without using any metallic implant for HTO is an effective technique. MATERIALS AND METHOD: All the patients attending the outpatient department ACL injury and with associated medial compartment OA (Kellegren's grade 2 and grade 3) were considered for inclusion in the study...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843365/a-systematic-review-to-evaluate-exercise-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-does-this-approach-reduce-the-incidence-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
REVIEW
Koji J Duncan, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Monica R Maly
PURPOSE: Among a variety of conservative and surgical options to treat anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, we do not understand which options could potentially prevent knee osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence pertaining to exercise treatment of ACL injuries in the context of knee OA. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed, and PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database) databases were systematically searched using keywords encompassed within four primary key terms: knee, osteoarthritis, anterior cruciate ligament, and exercise...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837219/acl-substitution-may-improve-kinematics-of-pcl-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Thomas Zumbrunn, Michael P Duffy, Harry E Rubash, Henrik Malchau, Orhun K Muratoglu, Kartik Mangudi Varadarajan
PURPOSE: One of the key factors responsible for altered kinematics and joint stability following contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is resection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). However, ACL retention can present several technical challenges, and in some cases may not be viable due to an absent or nonfunctional ACL. Therefore, the goal of this research was to investigate whether substitution of the ACL through an anterior post mechanism could improve kinematic deficits of contemporary posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) retaining implants...
November 11, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803940/association-between-meniscal-and-chondral-lesions-and-timing-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#20
Gustavo Constantino de Campos, Wilton Nery, Paulo Eduardo Portes Teixeira, Paulo Henrique Araujo, Wilson de Mello Alves
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common sports injury and is known to be associated with an increased risk of knee osteoarthritis. Several studies have indicated that the risk of additional injuries to the menisci and articular cartilage increases with delays in the treatment of ACL tears. However, no consensus has been reached regarding the ideal timing for ACL reconstruction in terms of preventing secondary lesions. PURPOSE: To determine how the time elapsed between an ACL lesion and its reconstruction affects the incidence of meniscal and chondral lesions...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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