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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914424/new-perspectives-in-nanotherapeutics-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases
#1
Adriana Lopes da Silva, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Patricia Rieken Macedo Roccco, Marcelo Marcos Morales
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of people of all ages and in all countries suffer from chronic respiratory diseases, with particular negative consequences such as poor health-related quality of life, impaired work productivity, and limitations in the activities of daily living. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, occupational lung diseases (such as silicosis), cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the most common of these diseases, and none of them are curable with current therapies...
September 15, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914274/influenza-season-hospitalization-trends-in-israel-a-multi-year-comparative-analysis-2005-2006-through-2012-2013
#2
Aharona Glatman-Freedman, Zalman Kaufman, Yaniv Stein, Hanna Sefty, Hilla Zadka, Barak Gordon, Jill Meron, Ethel-Sherry Gordon, Rita Dichtiar, Ziona Haklai, Arnon Afek, Tamy Shohat
BACKGROUND: Influenza-related morbidity impacts healthcare systems, including hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a quantitative assessment of hospitalization burden in pediatric and internal medicine departments during influenza seasons compared with the summer months in Israel. METHODS: Data on pediatric and internal medicine hospitalized patients in general hospitals in Israel during the influenza seasons between 2005 and 2013 were analyzed for rate of hospitalizations, rate of hospitalization days, hospital length of stay (LOS), and bed occupancy and compared with the summer months...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904277/announcement-of-the-35th-annual-meeting-of-the-uoeh-association-of-health-sciences-and-the-29th-national-conference-of-the-research-association-for-the-promotion-of-occupational-medicine
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900354/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-practices-of-occupational-physicians-towards-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-from-north-eastern-italy
#4
REVIEW
M Riccò, S Cattani, F Casagranda, G Gualerzi, C Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to characterize personal attitudes and knowledge of a sample of Italian Occupational Physicians (OPh) towards Seasonal Influenza Vaccine (SIV) in healthcare workers (HCWs). METHODS: In total, 92 OPh (42.4% males, 57.6% females, mean age of 47.3 ± 10.4 years, 50 specialists in Occupational Medicine, 42 specialists in Hygiene and Public Health) were asked about their attitudes towards influenza vaccine, their general knowledge of vaccine practice, their propensity towards vaccines and, eventually, their risk perception about the influenza and influenza vaccine was investigated...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899656/greater-ankle-strength-anaerobic-and-aerobic-capacity-and-agility-predict-ground-combat-military-occupational-school-graduation-in-female-marines
#5
Katelyn Fleishman Allison, Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Erin R Pletcher, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Lawrence C Coleman, Bradley C Nindl
Women can serve in all military occupational specialties (MOS); however, musculoskeletal and physiological characteristics that predict successful completion of ground combat MOS schools by female Marines are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine which demographic, musculoskeletal, and physiological characteristics predict graduation from infantry and vehicle ground combat MOS schools in female Marines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prior to MOS school, the following were assessed in 62 female Marines (22...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898973/occupational-medicine-in-the-middle-east
#6
Tar-Ching Aw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891890/methodology-for-acoem-s-occupational-medicine-practice-guidelines-2017-revision
#7
Jeffrey S Harris, Michael S Weiss, Nelson S Haas, Kurt T Hegmann, John P Holland, Frances Kistner, Ulrike Ott, Kristine B Hegmann, Matthew S Thiese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886738/gaps-in-care-for-patients-with-memory-deficits-after-stroke-views-of-healthcare-providers
#8
Eugene Yee Hing Tang, Christopher Price, Blossom Christa Maree Stephan, Louise Robinson, Catherine Exley
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a common cause of physical disability but is also strongly associated with cognitive impairment and a risk for future dementia. Despite national clinical guidelines, the service provided for stroke survivors with cognitive and memory difficulties varies across localities. This study critically evaluated the views of healthcare professionals about barriers and facilitators to their care. METHODS: Seventeen semi-structured individual interviews were conducted by a single interviewer with both primary and secondary care clinicians in regular contact with stroke-survivors...
September 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882410/radiological-protection-of-foetuses-and-breast-fed-children-of-occupationally-exposed-women-in-nuclear-medicine-challenges-for-hospitals
#9
A Almén, S Mattsson
This paper describes issues of concern for protecting foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine from unnecessary exposure of ionising radiation. The protection principle is to ensure the same level of protection for the foetus and child as for the general public. Therefore international radiation protection standards recommend a dose constraint of 1mSv to a foetus during the remaining time of pregnancy after it is known/declared and a yearly dose constraint of 1mSv to a breast-fed child...
September 4, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#10
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870976/caregiver-burden-in-owners-of-a-sick-companion-animal-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#11
Mary Beth Spitznagel, Dana M Jacobson, Melanie D Cox, Mark D Carlson
Much recent work has focused on occupational stress in veterinary medicine, although little is known about the possible contribution of client-based factors. Clients providing care for a companion animal with protracted illness are likely to experience 'caregiver burden' and reduced psychosocial functioning, which may ultimately lead to increased veterinarian stress. This cross-sectional observational study assessed caregiver burden and psychosocial function in 238 owners of a dog or cat, comparing owners of an animal with chronic or terminal diseases (n=119) with healthy controls blindly matched for owner age/sex and animal species (n=119)...
September 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#12
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860281/what-occupational-medicine-offers-to-primary-care
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul J Nicholson, John Gration
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843874/alternative-futures-fields-boundaries-and-divergent-professionalisation-strategies-within-the-chiropractic-profession
#14
Caragh Brosnan
Sociological studies of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) occupations have documented the professionalisation strategies these groups use to establish boundaries between themselves and their competitors, including seeking educational accreditation and statutory regulation/licensure. Chiropractic has been particularly successful at professionalising and in Australia and the UK it is taught within public universities. Recent events have threatened chiropractic's university foothold, however, showing that professionalisation needs to be understood as an ongoing process of negotiation...
August 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841159/bisphenol-a-and-metabolic-diseases-challenges-for-occupational-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Lidia Caporossi, Bruno Papaleo
The prevalence of metabolic diseases has markedly increased worldwide during the last few decades. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, energy-dense diets), together with a genetic predisposition, are well known factors in the pathophysiology of health problems. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound used for polycarbonate plastics, food containers, epoxy resins coating metallic cans for food and beverage conservation. The ability of BPA to act as an endocrine disruptor-xenoestrogen in particular-is largely documented in literature, with numerous publications of in vivo and in vitro studies as well as epidemiological data on humans...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838028/distinct-in-vivo-target-occupancy-by-bivalent-and-induced-fit-like-binding-drugs
#16
Georges Vauquelin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optimal drug therapy often requires long-lasting target occupancy. While this attribute was customarily linked to the drug's pharmacokinetic properties, their dissociation rate is now increasingly recognised to contribute as well. Nearly all the earlier PK-PD simulations encompassed single-step binding drugs and focussed on koff . However, "micro"-PK mechanisms and more complex binding mechanisms like bivalent- and induced-fit binding may contribute as well. Corresponding binding models are presently explored...
August 24, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838026/-acute-care-rehabilitation-is-the-first-link-in-a-chain-of-rehabilitation-interventions
#17
Joachim Beyer, Egbert J Seidel
An early, intensive rehabilitative therapy accelerates the recovery of the functions of patients. It contributes to a reduction in the complication rate as well as an improvement in physical and social functioning/participation in the long-term follow-up. Early rehabilitation must be strengthened on the basis of the existing structures: the creation and maintenance of adequately qualified early-stage rehabilitation facilities, at least in hospitals with priority and maximum supply contracts. Patients with long-term intensive care and polytrauma must be rehabilitated as soon as possible (intensive medical rehabilitation)...
August 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834891/interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-a-patient-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-and-multimorbidity-a-case-report
#18
Robert D Vining, Donna M Gosselin, Jeb Thurmond, Kimberlee Case, Frederick R Bruch
RATIONALE: This report describes interdisciplinary rehabilitation for a 51-year-old male recovering from incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple comorbidities following an automobile accident. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted to a rehabilitation specialty hospital approximately 2 months post SCI and 2 separate surgical fusion procedures (C3-C6). DIAGNOSES: Clinical presentation at the rehabilitation hospital included moderate to severe motor strength loss in both upper and lower extremities, a percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy tube (PEG), dysphagia, bowel/bladder incontinence, dependence on a mechanical lift and tilting wheelchair due to severe orthostatic hypotension, and pre-existing shoulder pain from bilateral joint degeneration...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830555/work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-psychological-complaints-in-patients-on-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Johan Hviid Andersen, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, David John Glasscock
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress is a global problem with negative implications for individuals and society. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a stress management intervention for patients on sick leave due to work-related stress complaints using a three-armed randomized controlled design. METHODS: Participants were patients referred from three municipalities to the regional Department of Occupational Medicine. Inclusion criteria were: 1) sick leave due to work-related stress complaints, 2) a diagnosis of adjustment disorder or reactions to severe stress (ICD 10 code: F43,2 - F 43,9 not PTSD) or mild depressive episode (F 32...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826776/risk-of-low-dose-radiation-and-the-beir-vii-report-a-critical-review-of-what-it-does-and-doesn-t-say
#20
REVIEW
Michael K O'Connor
This article briefly reviews the history behind the BEIR VII report and the use of the linear no-threshold hypothesis. The BEIR VII committee considered four primary sources of data on the stochastic effects of ionizing radiation. These were environmental studies, occupational studies, medical studies and studies on the atomic bomb survivors. These sources are briefly reviewed along with key studies that run counter to the LNT hypothesis. We review many of the assumptions, hypotheses and subjective decisions used to generate risk estimates in the BEIR VII report...
August 18, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
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