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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332417/-concise-history-of-toxicology-from-empiric-knowledge-to-science
#1
Anna Tompa, Péter Balázs
Toxicology is a science of poisonings by xenobiotics and endogenous physiological changes. Its empiric roots may be traced back to the emerging of the human race because the most important pledge of our predecessors' survival was the differentiation between eatable and poisonous plants and animals. In the course of social evolution, there were three main fields of using poisons: 1) hunting and warfare, 2) to settle social tensions by avoiding military conflicts through hiding strategy of eliminating enemies by toxic substances, 3) medicines applied first as anti-poisons and later by introducing strong substances to defeat diseases, but paradoxically active euthanasia is also a part of the whole story...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325839/the-effect-of-low-load-exercise-on-joint-pain-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Jason Peeler, Jacquie Ripat
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis has a lifetime risk of nearly one in two, with obese individuals being most susceptible. While exercise is universally recognized as a critical component for management, unsafe or ineffective exercise frequently leads to exacerbation of joint symptoms. AIM: Evaluate the effect of a 12week lower body positive pressure (LBPP) supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee pain, joint function, and performance of daily activities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#4
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324958/enhancing-the-process-of-teaching-and-learning-homecare
#5
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Jaqueline Dias do Nascimento, Ingrid Meireles Gomes, Débora Cristina Paes Zatoni
OBJECTIVE: to identify possibilities for improvement in the process of teaching and learning homecare in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy courses. METHOD: qualitative research using the Grounded Theory approach. Sixty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, teachers and graduates of the six mentioned courses at a public university in the south of Brazil. Data analysis was performed through open, axial and selective coding...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310509/occupational-health-in-community-health-centers-practitioner-challenges-and-recommendations
#6
Juliana M Simmons, Amy K Liebman, Rosemary K Sokas
Primary care clinicians may be the only source of occupational healthcare for many low-wage, high-risk workers who experience disproportionate occupational hazards. The authors explored barriers to providing occupational healthcare and recommendations for overcoming these challenges. The team conducted six focus groups and eleven key-informant interviews in two community health centers and among clinicians, community health workers, and other personnel from similar settings. Clinicians reported not utilizing occupational information during clinical encounters and identified competing priorities, limited appointment time, and lack of training as key barriers...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309026/sound-exposure-of-healthcare-professionals-working-with-a-university-marching-band
#7
Jeffrey A Russell, Moegi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Music-induced hearing disorders are known to result from exposure to excessive levels of music of different genres. Marching band music, with its heavy emphasis on brass and percussion, is one type that is a likely contributor to music-induced hearing disorders, although specific data on sound pressure levels of marching bands have not been widely studied. Furthermore, if marching band music does lead to music-induced hearing disorders, the musicians may not be the only individuals at risk...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307457/integration-of-doctors-of-chiropractic-into-private-sector-health-care-facilities-in-the-united-states-a-descriptive-survey
#8
Stacie A Salsbury, Christine M Goertz, Elissa J Twist, Anthony J Lisi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, facility, and practice characteristics of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) working in private sector health care settings in the United States. METHODS: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey using a purposive sample of DCs (n = 50) working in integrated health care facilities. The 36-item survey collected demographic, facility, chiropractic, and interdisciplinary practice characteristics, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307215/-peroral-and-transdermal-application-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-the-treatment-of-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-syndromes
#9
László Hodinka, Géza Bálint, Erika Budai, Pál Géher, Renáta Papp, Péter Somogyi, Sándor Szántó, Edit Vereckei
In this review the available evidences regarding the most frequently applied medication (peroral and transdermal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents) for the most frequent musculoskeletal complaints (regional pain syndromes) have been collected for the appropriate medical professionals who are most frequently faced with these conditions (general practitioners, rheumatologists, orthopedics, occupational and sports medicine experts). The special population at risk (with repeated and high energy overuse because of occupational or sport activities) and the pathology of their syndromes are identified...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286494/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2016
#10
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2016 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281591/leisure-time-physical-inactivity-and-psychological-distress-in-female-dominated-occupations-in-lithuania
#11
Vilija Malinauskiene, Romualdas Malinauskas, Mindaugas Malinauskas
Poor mental health, manifesting as psychological distress, has become a leading problem recently; therefore, determining associated factors is important, especially in female-dominated occupations, as women are more prone to psychological distress than men, in part due to demands of both professional and domestic tasks. The objective of the present study was to investigate associations between leisure time physical inactivity and psychological distress, accounting for the possible relation of psychosocial factors at work (job demands, job control, social support at work, workplace bullying) and life events in representative samples of family physicians, internal medicine department nurses and secondary school teachers in Lithuania...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280776/fitness-for-duty-assessments-of-industrial-firefighters-guidance-for-occupational-medicine-physicians
#12
Marianne Dreger, Faiyaz A Bhojani, Luis Castillejo, David Cathcart, Edward M Emmett, Steven Frangos, P Mark Glencross, Chris Herman, Kevin OʼShea, Paul Rountree, David E Turner
: Industrial firefighters share many characteristics with municipal firefighters; however, employers frequently have not addressed or characterized the unique job duties, hazards, and specific physical/mental demands associated with industrial firefighting. In addition, gaps exist in the medical literature with regard to industrial firefighter demographics, behavioral risk factors, and chronic diseases. Finally, the proper methodologies for fitness-for-duty assessment of employees acting in this capacity are lacking...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277245/-molecular-heterogeneity-of-malignant-pleural-mesotheliomas
#13
REVIEW
Robin Tranchant, François Montagne, Marie-Claude Jaurand, Didier Jean
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is predominantly an occupational cancer, most often linked to asbestos exposure. Malignant pleural mesothelioma prognosis is poor with a short survival median, due to the aggressiveness of tumor cells and the weak efficiency of conventional anti-cancer therapies. Clinical, histological, and molecular data suggest tumor heterogeneity between patients as it was also shown for other cancer types. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop new therapies that take into account this heterogeneity and the molecular characteristics of malignant pleural mesothelioma, in particular by identifying new anti-cancer drugs targeting the molecular specificities of each malignant pleural mesothelioma...
December 22, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231027/-research-progress-on-forensic-dentistry
#14
REVIEW
F Liu, Y H Dang
Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226851/main-problems-and-suggested-solutions-for-improving-radiation-protection-in-medicine-in-ibero-american-countries-summary-of-an-international-conference-held-in-madrid-2016
#15
Eliseo Vano, Pablo Jimenez, Raul Ramirez, Javier Zarzuela, Ana Maria Larcher, Eduardo Gallego, Santiago Gonzalez, Maria Del Rosario Perez
During the International Conference on Radiation Protection in Medicine held in Bonn in 2012, several areas for improvement were identified, including specific actions related with justification, optimization, role of manufacturers, radiation protection education and training, strategic research, data collection on medical and occupational exposures, prevention of incidents and accidents, radiation safety culture, risk-benefit dialogue and implementation of the radiation safety standards. The outcomes of the Bonn Conference were summarized in the so-called 'Bonn Call for Action', identifying 10 priority actions to enhance RP in medicine...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215915/perspectives-on-the-relevance-of-the-circadian-time-structure-to-workplace-threshold-limit-values-and-employee-biological-monitoring
#16
Michael H Smolensky, Alain E Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen
The circadian time structure (CTS) and its disruption by rotating and nightshift schedules relative to work performance, accident risk, and health/wellbeing have long been areas of occupational medicine research. Yet, there has been little exploration of the relevance of the CTS to setting short-term, time-weighted, and ceiling threshold limit values (TLVs); conducting employee biological monitoring (BM); and establishing normative reference biological exposure indices (BEIs). Numerous publications during the past six decades document the CTS substantially affects the disposition - absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination - and effects of medications...
December 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211910/bringing-together-occupational-and-environmental-medicine-specialists-development-of-the-international-occupational-medicine-society-collaborative-iomsc
#17
Richard Heron, Ronald Loeppke, Peter Connaughton, Paulo Antonio de Paiva Rebelo, Herman Spanjaard, Barry Eisenberg, Hilary Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203748/international-legal-regulation-of-impact-of-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-on-agricultural-workers-health
#18
Vitalii M Pashkov, Olena M Batyhina, Maryna V Trotska
INTRODUCTION: Agricultural workers' health depends on many factors: working conditions, security arrangements, medicine, quality of drugs, the environment, etc. Occupational injuries and diseases are also among the factors that can negatively affect their health. THE AIM: To analyze provisions of the international legislation and scientific literature concerning existence of restrictions on impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203550/basic-review-of-radiation-biology-and-terminology
#19
REVIEW
Norman E Bolus
The purpose of this paper is to review basic radiation biology and associated terminology to impart a better understanding of the importance of basic concepts of ionizing radiation interactions with living tissue. As health care workers in a field that utilizes ionizing radiation, nuclear medicine technologists are concerned about the possible acute and chronic effects of occupational radiation exposure. Technologists should have a clear understanding of what they are exposed to and how their safety could be affected...
December 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201814/life-space-assessment-in-stroke-patients
#20
You-Na Yang, Bo-Ram Kim, Kyeong Eun Uhm, Soo Jin Kim, Seunghwan Lee, Mooyeon Oh-Park, Jongmin Lee
Objective: To evaluate the reliability of the practical life space in post-stroke patients using the Korean version of the Life-Space Assessment (K-LSA) questionnaire and to assess the relationships between the K-LSA and physical function, daily activity, quality of life, and post-stroke depression. Methods: The LSA questionnaire was translated into Korean, and the translated version was authorized by the author of the LSA questionnaire. In a cross-sectional study, the performance of the K-LSA was evaluated in 34 stroke patients (20 males and 14 females; mean age 65...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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