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Occupational medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#1
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719391/pediatric-and-congenital-hand-transplantation
#2
Sandra Amaral, L Scott Levin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the approach and challenges associated with pediatric hand transplantation, including new knowledge gleaned from our recent case of bilateral hand-forearm transplantation in an 8-year old child. RECENT FINDINGS: Bilateral heterologous hand-forearm transplantation was performed in a child with a prior kidney transplant in July 2015. The initial surgery necessitated a large team of experts in microvascular surgery, transplant surgery, orthopedics and plastic surgery as well as pediatric anesthesia...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#3
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715051/carmine-melino-and-the-occupational-medicine
#4
I Iavicoli
This short article, which describes the significant contribution Prof. Carmine Melino made to Occupational Medicine, underlines the Professor's great interest in this field and his outstanding ability in combining the lessons of the past with the most innovative aspects of this discipline.
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715044/carmine-melino-and-the-institute-of-hygiene
#5
G Melino
Throughout his 94 years of life, Carmine Melino brilliantly pursued different professional paths, his life being a constant stimulus for students, colleagues, friends and the family. Following the early formative years of study, here, we briefly list his scientific achievements in Occupational Medicine and Hygiene as well as his broad literary interests. Carmine was an inspiration to his generation not only because of his professional achievements, but also for his warm personality, exemplary hard-playing life and unbounded enthusiasm...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710787/continuing-competence-assessment-and-maintenance-in-occupational-therapy-scoping-review-with-stakeholder-consultation
#6
REVIEW
Christine T Myers, Nancy Schaefer, Ashley Coudron
BACKGROUND/AIM: Continuing competence activities hold the promise of improving health-care service quality, especially given concerns about system inefficiencies and fragmentation. The aim of this scoping review was to describe the assessment and maintenance of occupational therapists' continuing competence and identify knowledge gaps for future research. A secondary aim was comparing scoping review findings with those from other health-care fields and considering possible impact of varying international regulations...
July 14, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705204/delay-along-the-care-seeking-journey-of-patients-with-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-in-kenya
#7
Stephen Gichuhi, Joy Kabiru, Alain M'bongo Zindamoyen, Hillary Rono, Ernest Ollando, Joseph Wachira, Rhoda Munene, Timothy Onyuma, Mandeep S Sagoo, David Macleod, Helen A Weiss, Matthew J Burton
BACKGROUND: In Africa, accessing eye health services is a major challenge. Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a substantial ocular health problem in Africa related to solar UV light exposure and HIV infection among other risk factors. The disease causes visual loss and even death in advanced cases. This study was conducted to assess referral pathway and treatment delay for patients with OSSN in Kenya. METHODS: Adults with conjunctival lesions presenting to four eye centres were asked about their occupations, when they noticed the growth, health facilities visited in seeking care, cost of consultation, surgery, medicines and histopathology and dates at each step...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704193/rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-joint-arthroplasty-late-post-surgery-period-hospital-rehabilitation
#8
Maya S Krastanova, Elena M Ilieva, Danelina E Vacheva
BACKGROUND: Hip joint replacement (endoprosthesis, alloplasty) has become one of the most frequent surgery interventions of the 20th century. AIM: To conduct rehabilitation therapy in the late post-surgery period of hospital rehabilitation (45 days after surgery), to track patients' progress and measure the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with hip joint endoprosthesis were included in the study. All underwent surgery and rehabilitation at the Department of Clinical Rehabilitation of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic at Doctor G...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697652/ask-the-experts-how-to-treat-individuals-with-spatial-neglect-a-survey-study
#9
Peii Chen, Marco Pitteri, Glen Gillen, Harsha Ayyala
PURPOSE: Spatial neglect (SN) impedes rehabilitation success and leaves long-term consequences. We asked experts to provide their opinions in addressing SN by scenario (ideal vs. reality) and by recovery phase (earliest, acute, subacute, and chronic). Experts were individuals who have assessed or treated patients with SN clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using an anonymous survey on the Internet with 189 responders over 3 months. Located in 23 different countries, 127 experts of seven disciplines were included (occupational therapy, physical therapy, nursing, speech and language pathology or therapy, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychology or neuropsychology)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#10
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681381/epilepsy-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-recommendations-of-the-ontario-epilepsy-implementation-task-force
#11
REVIEW
Danielle M Andrade, Anne S Bassett, Eduard Bercovici, Felippe Borlot, Esther Bui, Peter Camfield, Guida Quaglia Clozza, Eyal Cohen, Timothy Gofine, Lisa Graves, Jon Greenaway, Beverly Guttman, Maya Guttman-Slater, Ayman Hassan, Megan Henze, Miriam Kaufman, Bernard Lawless, Hannah Lee, Lezlee Lindzon, Lysa Boissé Lomax, Mary Pat McAndrews, Dolly Menna-Dack, Berge A Minassian, Janice Mulligan, Rima Nabbout, Tracy Nejm, Mary Secco, Laurene Sellers, Michelle Shapiro, Marie Slegr, Rosie Smith, Peter Szatmari, Leeping Tao, Anastasia Vogt, Sharon Whiting, O Carter Snead
The transition from a pediatric to adult health care system is challenging for many youths with epilepsy and their families. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care of the Province of Ontario, Canada, created a transition working group (TWG) to develop recommendations for the transition process for patients with epilepsy in the Province of Ontario. Herein we present an executive summary of this work. The TWG was composed of a multidisciplinary group of pediatric and adult epileptologists, psychiatrists, and family doctors from academia and from the community; neurologists from the community; nurses and social workers from pediatric and adult epilepsy programs; adolescent medicine physician specialists; a team of physicians, nurses, and social workers dedicated to patients with complex care needs; a lawyer; an occupational therapist; representatives from community epilepsy agencies; patients with epilepsy; parents of patients with epilepsy and severe intellectual disability; and project managers...
July 6, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668659/morbidity-and-mortality-amongst-indian-hajj-pilgrims-a-3-year-experience-of-indian-hajj-medical-mission-in-mass-gathering-medicine
#12
Inam D Khan, Shahbaz A Khan, Bushra Asima, Syed B Hussaini, M Zakiuddin, F A Faisal
The Hajj, a mass-gathering of over 3.5-million pilgrims, faces challenges to global health-security, housing, food, water, transportation, communication, sanitation, crowd-control and security. The Indian Medical Mission extended health-security to approximately 140,000 pilgrims, through outreach medical teams, primary-care clinics, tent-clinics, secondary-care hospitals and evacuation capabilities. Data on medical attendance, bed-occupancy, investigations, referrals, medication usage and deaths was compared...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665160/use-of-complementary-traditional-chinese-medicines-by-adult-cancer-patients-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Yi-Ting Kuo, Tung-Ti Chang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Mei-Yao Wu, Mao-Feng Sun, Chia-Chou Yeh, Hung-Rong Yen
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cancer seek complementary and alternative medicine treatments. We investigated the use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) by adult cancer patients in Taiwan. METHODS: We reviewed the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients Database of Taiwan, and included all adult patients diagnosed cancer, based on the International Classification of Diseases (ninth revision), from 2001 to 2009 and followed until 2011. This database allowed categorization of patients as TCM users (n = 74 620) or non-TCM users (n = 508 179)...
June 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662748/institutional-oversight-of-occupational-health-and-safety-for-research-programs-involving-biohazards
#14
Melissa C Dyson, Calvin B Carpenter, Lesley A Colby
Research with hazardous biologic materials (biohazards) is essential to the progress of medicine and science. The field of microbiology has rapidly advanced over the years, partially due to the development of new scientific methods such as recombinant DNA technology, synthetic biology, viral vectors, and the use of genetically modified animals. This research poses a potential risk to personnel as well as the public and the environment. Institutions must have appropriate oversight and take appropriate steps to mitigate the risks of working with these biologic hazards...
June 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661112/-trends-in-the-rate-of-occupational-physicians-versus-manpower-in-israel-status-and-solutions
#15
Shlomo Moshe, Patricia Chuwers, Efrat Solomon Cohen
BACKGROUND: The specialization in occupational health was recognized in Israel in 1990. The number of specialists grew gradually over the years, yet a systematic analysis of occupational health physicians (OHP)/workers' ratio was never conducted. OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends of OHP/workers' ratio in Israel and the future activities needed in order to achieve the standards of developed countries. METHODS: The socio-demographic data was obtained by personal communication, from the Israeli Association of Occupational Medicine and Maccabi Health Services...
June 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658825/uncovering-metabolic-syndrome-among-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-india
#16
Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, Jitendra Singh, Pradeep Gupta, M L Patel, Vivek Kumar, Shyam Chand Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is known to cause various systemic problems including Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). MetS is a group of cardiovascular risk factors. By assessing MetS, one can assess the cardiovascular disease risk. There is increasing evidence of MetS in COPD patients. However, the frequency of MetS and its individual components are not still been clearly shown which is likely to vary in different population. AIM: To know the extent of association of metabolic syndrome and its components in patients with COPD...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656731/occupational-skin-diseases-actual-state-analysis-of-patient-management-pathways-in-28-european-countries
#17
V Mahler, K Aalto-Korte, J H Alfonso, J G Bakker, A Bauer, L Bensefa-Colas, A Boman, J Bourke, M Bubaš, P Bulat, J Chaloupka, L Constandt, T E Danielsen, R Darlenski, A Dugonik, K Ettler, A Gimenez-Arnau, M Gonçalo, J D Johansen, S M John, M Kiec-Swierczynska, P Koch, V Kohánka, B Krecisz, F Larese Filon, S Ljubojević, J Macan, B Marinović, M Matura, P W Mihatsch, D Mijakoski, J Minov, J Pace, M Pesonen, J M Ramada Rodilla, H Rast, V Reljic, C Salavastru, C Schuster, M L Schuttelaar, D Simon, R Spiewak, R Jurakic Tončić, S Urbanček, S Valiukevičienė, P Weinert, M Wilkinson, W Uter
BACKGROUND: Work-related skin diseases (WSD) are caused or worsened by a professional activity. Occupational skin diseases (OSD) need to fulfil additional legal criteria which differ from country to country. OSD range amongst the five most frequently notified occupational diseases (musculoskeletal diseases, neurologic diseases, lung diseases, diseases of the sensory organs, skin diseases) in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To retrieve information and compare the current state of national frameworks and pathways to manage patients with occupational skin disease with regard to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in different European countries...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652920/perception-of-and-attitude-toward-ethical-issues-among-korean-occupational-physicians
#18
Junghye Choi, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Tae Lee, Segyeong Lee, Chae-Kwan Lee, Gyeong-Jin Lee, Taekjoong Kim, Byung-Chul Son, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kunhyung Kim, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
BACKGROUND: Occupational physicians (OPs) have complex relationships with employees, employers, and the general public. OPs may have simultaneous obligations towards third parties, which can lead to variable conflicts of interests. Among the various studies of ethical issues related to OPs, few have focused on the Korean OPs. The aim of the present survey was to investigate the ethical contexts, the practical resolutions, and the ethical principles for the Korean OPs. METHODS: An email with a self-administered questionnaire was sent to members of the Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, comprising 150 specialists and 130 residents...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#19
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650513/return-to-work-after-work-related-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#20
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Kirstin Aschbacher, Johan Hviid Andersen, David John Glasscock, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, Karin Biering
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a stress management intervention (SMI) on lasting return to work (RTW) among patients with work-related stress complaints. Methods Sickness benefit departments from three local municipalities referred patients on sick leave with work-related adjustment disorders or mild depression to the Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland. A 2× randomization procedure allocated patients into one of three groups: intervention (N=58), control A (which received a clinical assessment; N=56), or control B (no assessment; N=49)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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