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pilon tibial fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916291/two-stage-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-limited-internal-fixation-combined-with-external-fixation-a-meta-analysis-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-severe-pilon-fractures
#1
Xueliang Cui, Hui Chen, Yunfeng Rui, Yang Niu, He Li
Objectives Two-stage open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and limited internal fixation combined with external fixation (LIFEF) are two widely used methods to treat Pilon injury. However, which method is superior to the other remains controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively compare two-stage ORIF and LIFEF and clarify which method is better with respect to postoperative complications in the treatment of tibial Pilon fractures. Methods We conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively compare the postoperative complications between two-stage ORIF and LIFEF...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914730/foot-loading-and-gait-analysis-evaluation-of-nonarticular-tibial-pilon-fracture-a-comparison-of-three-surgical-techniques
#2
Gabriele Falzarano, Giuseppe Pica, Antonio Medici, Giuseppe Rollo, Michele Bisaccia, Raffaele Cioffi, Mario Pavone, Luigi Meccariello
The aim of our study was to investigate which technique among hybrid external fixation, plate and screws, and intramedullary nailing produces better outcomes in foot loading when treating type 43.A1, 43.A2, and 43.A3 fractures, according to the AO classification. From November 2011 to December 2014, 34 patients, including 25 (73.5%) males and 9 (26.5%) females with an average age of 32.3 (range 16 to 67) years, with a type A tibia fracture were treated with intramedullary nailing, plate and screws, or hybrid external fixation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887638/combined-ipsilateral-fracture-of-the-tibial-pilon-talar-body-and-calcaneus-outcome-at-4-years
#3
Henriette Bretschneider, Stefan Rammelt
Combined fractures of the talar body and the adjacent bones are rare. We present a case of a 35-year-old male with a complex foot and ankle trauma resulting in an unusual combined ipsilateral fracture of the anterolateral tibial plafond, talar body, and sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus. To the best of our knowledge, this particular combination of fractures has not yet been reported in the literature. The combination of talar body fracture with fractures of the adjacent bones was treated by a bilateral open reduction with anatomic reconstruction of the joint surfaces resulting in an excellent clinical outcome at 4-year followup...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687005/medium-long-term-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-after-surgical-treatment-of-intra-articular-tibial-pilon-fractures-by-three-different-techniques
#4
Carlo Biz, Andrea Angelini, Marco Zamperetti, Filippo Marzotto, Silvano Pierluigi Sperotto, Diego Carniel, Claudio Iacobellis, Pietro Ruggieri
Introduction: The goal of this retrospective, observational, case series study was to evaluate the medium-long-term clinical and radiographic results of the three most common surgical osteosynthesis techniques used for the treatment of articular tibial pilon fractures: ORIF, MIPO, and EF. Materials and Methods: A consecutive series of patients with articular pilon fractures who underwent surgery at our institution were enrolled in this study. Fractures were classified according to the Müller AO classification system...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305233/anterolateral-distal-tibia-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-and-their-ability-to-capture-otac3-pilon-fragments
#5
Arun Aneja, T David Luo, Boshen Liu, Molina Domingo, Kerry Danelson, Jason J Halvorson, Eben A Carroll
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular Pilon fractures remain therapeutically challenging due to osteochondral fracturing and comminution, marginal impaction, and insult to the soft tissue envelope. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of anterolateral distal tibial locking plates in capturing main fracture fragments in tibial plafond fractures. METHODS: From May 2011 to Dec 2015, 169 OTA C-type pilon fractures met inclusion and exclusion criteria with computed tomographic (CT) scans performed prior to definitive fixation...
February 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158645/evaluation-of-functional-outcome-of-pilon-fractures-managed-with-limited-internal-fixation-and-external-fixation-a-prospective-clinical-study
#6
Umesh Kumar Meena, Mahesh Chand Bansal, Prateek Behera, Rahul Upadhyay, Gyan Chand Gothwal
Introduction: The management of pilon fractures is controversial primarily due to the high rate of complications irrespective of the mode of treatment. Limited internal fixation with external fixation is associated with minimal soft tissue handling. This may reduce the chances of wound dehiscence and infection. This study was designed to evaluate the functional and clinical outcomes in patients treated with limited internal fixation combined with external fixation in pilon fractures. Material and methods: This study was conducted as a prospective clinical study on 56 skeletally mature patients with closed fractures with poor skin condition, and with open grade 1 and grade 2 distal tibial intra-articular fractures...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158644/injury-mechanism-fracture-characteristics-and-clinical-treatment-of-pilon-fracture-with-intact-fibula-a-retrospective-study-of-23-pilon-fractures
#7
Jiang Liangjun, Zheng Qiang, Li Hang, Pan Zhijun
Objective: The effect of intact fibula on pilon fracture is not completely elucidated. We retrospectively analysed pilon fractures with intact fibula at our hospital over a 4 year period to understand the injury mechanism, fracture characteristics, treatment strategy and prognosis of this fracture. Methods: Pilon fracture patients with intact fibula treated in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014 were observed. OA/ATO fracture type, Ruedi-Allgower classification and fracture characteristics were summarised...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126042/successful-treatment-of-infected-wound-dehiscence-after-minimally-invasive-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-of-tibial-pilon-and-calcaneal-fractures-by-plate-preservation-surgical-debridement-and-antibiotics
#8
Giandavide Ieropoli, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Silvia Chiara Zompi, Umberto Morozzo, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to present a case series that illustrates possible benefits from combining minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), plastic surgery and antibiotic therapy, in order to treat and eradicate infection in patients with tibial pilon or calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with dehiscence of the surgical wound in outcomes MIPO using a Locking Compression Plate (LCP) for tibial pilon, or calcaneus fractures. The patients had developed a documented infection of the surgical wound...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062214/analysis-of-the-variables-affecting-outcome-in-fractures-of-the-tibial-pilon-treated-by-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#9
Rafael Carbonell-Escobar, Juan C Rubio-Suarez, Aitor Ibarzabal-Gil, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
OBJECTIVE: To assess variables that could be related to outcomes in fractures of the tibial pilon treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: A total 92 fractures of the tibial pilon treated by ORIF in a 5-year period. The minimum follow-up was 1 year (mean: 3.3 years; range: 1-5). INTERVENTION: ORIF with LCP-LISS plate...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986074/finite-element-analysis-of-the-stability-of-ao-ota-43-c1-type-distal-tibial-fractures-treated-with-distal-tibia-medial-anatomic-plate-versus-anterolateral-anatomic-plate
#10
O Fuad Oken, A Ozgur Yildirim, Mehmet Asilturk
BACKGROUND: The treatment of a pilon fracture type is possible from a medial, an anterolateral approach or both medial and lateral. The aim of study was compare the stability of two different plate fixation of a tibia pilon AO-43C1 type fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, three-dimensional finite element stress analysis was applied using isotropic materials and static linear analysis. Loading of 400 N force was applied to the model of a patient fixed in a standing position...
October 3, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826785/an-incidental-finding-of-a-talonavicular-and-talocalcaneal-joint-coalition-after-a-tibial-pilon-fracture-a-case-report
#11
Heidi M Godoy, Mark J Micciche
It has been proposed that patients with talocalcaneal and talonavicular coalitions have decreased ankle joint range of motion. It has also been reported that rotational forces regularly absorbed by the talocalcaneal joint are transferred to the ankle joint in patients with coalitions, increasing the stress on the ankle joint after trauma. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 reported study has detailed the increased stress placed on the ankle joint secondary to a coalition. We present a case study of a 53-year-old female who experienced a traumatic fall and subsequent right ankle fracture...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767176/sequential-chimeric-medial-femoral-condyle-and-anterolateral-thigh-flow-through-flaps-for-one-stage-reconstructions-of-composite-bone-and-soft-tissue-defects-report-of-three-cases
#12
Dominic Henn, Mohamed H Abouarab, Christoph Hirche, Jochen F Hernekamp, Volker J Schmidt, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
Small recalcitrant non-unions with poor perfusion require reconstruction with vascularized bone flaps. Cases with concomitant large soft tissue defects are especially challenging, since vascularized soft tissue transfer is often indicated and distant microvascular anastomoses may be required. We introduce a sequential chimeric free flap composed of a medial femoral condyle corticoperiosteal flap anastomosed to an anterolateral thigh flow-through flap (MFC-ALT flap) and report its use for reconstruction of small non-unions with concomitant large soft tissue defects in three exemplary patients...
August 2, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674752/-operative-access-for-treatment-of-pilon-fractures
#13
REVIEW
K Klaue
BACKGROUND: Under optimal conditions, fractures of the tibial pilon can be definitively managed operatively within 6 h after the trauma. Under suboptimal conditions, preoperative antiphlogistic treatment, possibly after approximate correction and external fixation of the alignment, is a reasonable option. Osteosynthesis implies reconstruction of good joint congruency in anatomical orientation. The soft tissue coverage of the distal lower leg is relatively poorly constructed and there is a high risk of devascularization, necrosis and ensuing infection...
August 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638931/-operative-techniques-and-results-of-tibial-pilon-fractures
#14
REVIEW
R Rotter, P Gierer
BACKGROUND: The anatomical reconstruction of tibial pilon fractures is a major challenge with respect to preoperative planning, time management and the intraoperative procedure. OBJECTIVE: Presentation of the various surgical procedures available and the clinical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The established open reduction and internal plate fixation procedures form the basis for new minimally invasive treatment concepts. The current results of comparative studies and basic literature are discussed...
August 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540568/-tibial-pilon-fractures-advoidance-and-therapy-of-complications
#15
REVIEW
Ralph Gaulke, Christian Krettek
Because of the complex fracture morphology and vulnerable soft tissue coverage, fractures of the tibial pilon are difficult to treat. Complications are more common than in bi- or trimalleolar fractures. The surgeon has to know about the special risks of these injuries to avoid complications. Early complications are soft tissue necrosis, persisting fragment dislocations after surgery, loss of reposition and deep wound infection. The surgeon has to be aware of early signs of compartment-syndrome and chronic regional pain syndrome (CRPS)...
August 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458472/plating-of-pilon-fractures-based-on-the-orientation-of-the-fibular-shaft-component-a-biomechanical-study-evaluating-plate-stiffness-in-a-cadaveric-fracture-model
#16
Gennadiy A Busel, J Tracy Watson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mechanically superior method of pilon fracture fixation by comparing axial stiffness between anterolateral and medial tibial locking plates in a cadaveric fracture model. METHODS: Eight matched pairs of fresh frozen cadaver specimens (lower limb after through-knee disarticulation) were used to eliminate confounder of bone quality. Simulated pilon fractures were created so that each pair represented either varus or valgus fracture pattern (AO 43-A2) with associated fibular fractures (transverse or comminuted)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365069/quality-of-life-and-prognostic-factors-after-intra-articular-tibial-pilon-fracture
#17
Jorge De-Las-Heras-Romero, Ana M Lledo-Alvarez, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular tibial plafond fractures are a challenge for the surgeon with generally poor functional outcomes. The purpose was to assess the impact of this injury on patient quality of life (QOL), as well as analyzed the predictor factors. METHODS: Retrospective study of 47 patients with mean age of 44.4 (range 18-79) years. Patients were also invited for new clinical and radiological assessments. QOL was evaluated by the Short Form-36 questionnaire and compared to the standard in the age-matched general population...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337901/cardiopathy-and-osteoporosis-the-epidemiology-in-a-region-of-italy
#18
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, L Moretti, S Tafuri, B Moretti
Cardiopathies and osteoporosis are inter-related due to pathogenetic, hormonal, genetic features as well as an increased risk of fragility. An important feature is attributed to the process of atherosclerosis, which is responsible for an osteopenia effect and degeneration of vascular walls. To date the study populations have been limited. To verify the incidence of cardio-vascular disease in a larger osteoporotic population, we designed a retrospective clinical study analyzing the “Hospital Discharge Data” (HDD) in Apulia between 2006 and 2010...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323798/supplemental-perioperative-oxygen-to-reduce-surgical-site-infection-after-high-energy-fracture-surgery-oxygen-study
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert V OʼToole, Manjari Joshi, Anthony R Carlini, Robert A Sikorski, Armagan Dagal, Clinton K Murray, Michael J Weaver, Ebrahim Paryavi, Alec C Stall, Daniel O Scharfstein, Julie Agel, Mary Zadnik, Michael J Bosse, Renan C Castillo
Supplemental perioperative oxygen (SPO) therapy has been proposed as one approach for reducing the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). Current data are mixed regarding efficacy in decreasing SSI rates and hospital inpatient stays in general and few data exist for orthopaedic trauma patients. This study is a phase III, double-blind, prospective randomized clinical trial with a primary goal of assessing the efficacy of 2 different concentrations of perioperative oxygen in the prevention of SSIs in adults with tibial plateau, pilon (tibial plafond), or calcaneus fractures at higher risk of infection and definitively treated with plate and screw fixation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323797/local-antibiotic-therapy-to-reduce-infection-after-operative-treatment-of-fractures-at-high-risk-of-infection-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-vanco-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert V OʼToole, Manjari Joshi, Anthony R Carlini, Clinton K Murray, Lauren E Allen, Daniel O Scharfstein, Joshua L Gary, Michael J Bosse, Renan C Castillo
A number of clinical studies in the spine literature suggest that the use of local vancomycin powder may substantially reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). These studies are primarily retrospective and observational and few focus on orthopaedic trauma patients. This study is a phase III, prospective, randomized, clinical trial to assess the efficacy of locally administered vancomycin powder in the prevention of SSI after fracture surgery. The primary goal of the VANCO Study is to compare the proportion of deep SSI 6 months after fracture fixation surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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