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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039506/hypothermic-machine-perfusion-ameliorates-inflammation-during-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury-via-sirtuin%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-mediated-deacetylation-of-nuclear-factor%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-in-rat-livers-donated-after-circulatory-death
#1
Cheng Zeng, Xiaoyan Hu, Weiyang He, Yanfeng Wang, Ling Li, Yan Xiong, Qifa Ye
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) effectively reduces ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI) in livers donated after circulatory death (DCD) when compared with cold storage (CS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the cellular mechanisms by which HMP ameliorates the inflammatory response during IRI. Adult male Sprague‑Dawley rat livers were exposed to 30 min of warm ischemia following cardiac arrest and preserved by CS or HMP for 3 h (n=3 per group)...
October 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023813/dual-catenin-loss-in-murine-liver-causes-tight-junctional-deregulation-and-progressive-intrahepatic-cholestasis
#2
Tirthadipa Pradhan-Sundd, Lili Zhou, Ravi Vats, An Jiang, Laura Molina, Sucha Singh, Minakshi Poddar, Jacquelyn M Russell, Donna B Stolz, Michael Oertel, Udayan Apte, Simon Watkins, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Kari N Nejak-Bowen, Prithu Sundd, Satdarshan Pal Monga
β-Catenin, the downstream effector of the Wnt signaling, plays important roles in hepatic development, regeneration and tumorigenesis. However, its role at hepatocyte adherens junctions (AJ) is relatively poorly understood, chiefly due to spontaneous compensation by γ-catenin. Here, we simultaneously ablate β- and γ-catenin expression in mouse liver by interbreeding β-catenin-γ-catenin double-floxed mice and albumin-cre transgenic mice. Double knockout mice (DKO) show failure to thrive, impaired hepatocyte differentiation, cholemia, ductular reaction, progressive cholestasis, inflammation, fibrosis and tumorigenesis, which was associated with deregulation of tight junctions (TJ) and bile acid transporters, leading to early morbidity and mortality, a phenotype reminiscent of Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis (PFIC)...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980499/the-occurrence-of-enterococcus-faecium-and-faecalis-is-significantly-associated-with-anastomotic-leakage-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#3
M Belmouhand, P S Krohn, L B Svendsen, A Henriksen, C P Hansen, M P Achiam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Enterococcus has emerged as a virulent species; Enterococcus faecium especially has arisen as a source of nosocomial infections. Furthermore, specific Enterococcus faecalis species are significantly associated with anastomotic leakage in rodent studies. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of Enterococci ( E. faecium and E. faecalis) obtained from drain samples was associated with leakage in humans undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976804/comparative-study-of-three-bile-duct-closure-methods-following-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-for-choledocholithiasis
#4
Pablo Parra-Membrives, Darío Martínez-Baena, José Lorente-Herce, Granada Jiménez-Riera
BACKGROUND: There are three choledochotomy closure methods available following laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: T-tube insertion, antegrade stenting, and primary choledochorrhaphy. We reviewed the experience of 12 years at our center searching for the optimal closure technique. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively 146 patients that underwent one of the three closure methods from February 2004 to March 2016. Hospital stay, need for readmission, incidence of early and long-term complications, and biliary leakage development and their clinical impact were determined for each technique...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924137/primary-closure-following-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-combined-with-intraoperative-choledochoscopy-and-d-j-tube-drainage-for-treating-choledocholithiasis
#5
Miao Yu, Huanzhou Xue, Quan Shen, Xiao Zhang, Ke Li, Meng Jia, Jiangkun Jia, Jian Xu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess the clinical short-term results of a primary closure following laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) combined with intraoperative choledochoscopy and D-J tube drainage for choledocholithiasis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-five patients (14 women and 11 men) who underwent LCBDE with primary duct closure and D-J tube drainage for choledocholithiasis were retrospectively enrolled. The D-J tube (4.7F×14 cm) was removed using a duodenoscope if there was no bile leakage...
September 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885915/nanosized-liposomes-containing-bile-salt-a-vesicular-nanocarrier-for-enhancing-oral-bioavailability-of-bcs-class-iii-drug
#6
Mosab Arafat, Cathrin Kirchhoefer, Momir Mikov, Muhammad Sarfraz, Raimar Löbenberg
PURPOSE: Liposomes have been studied as a colloidal carrier in drug delivery systems, especially for oral administration. However, their low structural integrity in the gut is still a major shortcoming. Membrane disruptive effects of physiological bile salts in the small intestine result in premature drug release prior to intestinal absorption. Thus, we analyzed the stabilizing effect of sodium deoxycholate when incorporated into nano-sized liposomes. METHOD: Cefotaxime-loaded liposomes were prepared with different sodium deoxycholate concentrations (3...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879225/preoperative-biliary-drainage-by-plastic-or-self-expandable-metal-stents-in-patients-with-periampullary-tumors-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-study
#7
Greger Olsson, Farshad Frozanpor, Lars Lundell, Lars Enochsson, Christoph Ansorge, Marco Del Chiaro, Marcus Reuterwall-Hansson, Alysha Shetye, Urban Arnelo
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Preoperative biliary drainage in patients with periampullary tumors and jaundice has been popularized to improve the quality of life and minimize the risks associated with subsequent radical surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible superiority of self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) over plastic stents, by comparing the amount of bacteria in intraoperatively collected bile and using this variable as a proxy for the efficacy of the respective biliary drainage modalities...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878747/in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-unconjugated-and-conjugated-bile-salts-on-staphylococcus-aureus
#8
Thippeswamy H Sannasiddappa, Peter A Lund, Simon R Clarke
Bile salts are potent antimicrobial agents and are an important component of innate defenses in the intestine, giving protection against invasive organisms. They play an important role in determining microbial ecology of the intestine and alterations in their levels can lead to increased colonization by pathogens. We have previously demonstrated survival of the opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus in the human colonic model. Thus investigating the interaction between S. aureus and bile salts is an important factor in understanding its ability to colonize in the host intestine...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875398/total-hilar-en-bloc-resection-with-left-hemihepatectomy-and-caudate-lobectomy-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-left-sided-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-video
#9
Cai De Lu, Jing Huang, Sheng Dong Wu, Yong Fei Hua, Ammar A Javed, Jiong Zhe Fang, Chun Nian Wang, Sheng Ye
BACKGROUND: "Hilar en bloc resection" using a no-touch technique has been advocated as a standard procedure in right-sided hepatectomies for treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). In principle, it has never been reported for left-sided tumors. The aim is to describe the procedures of total hilar en bloc resection with left hemihepatectomy and caudate lobectomy (THER-LH) for advanced PHC and discuss feasibility and clinical significance of this novel technique. METHODS: A retrospective study using a prospectively maintained database was performed to identify eight patients who had received THER-LH for advanced PHC from January 2013 to December 2015...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846946/surgical-treatment-for-the-excluded-bile-leakage-from-spiegel-lobe-after-right-hemihepatectomy-a-case-report
#10
Haruhi Fukuhisa, Masahiko Sakoda, Kiyokazu Hiwatashi, Satoshi Iino, Koji Minami, Motoyuki Hashiguchi, Yota Kawasaki, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yuko Mataki, Kosei Maemura, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Shinichi Ueno, Shoji Natsugoe
INRODUCTION: The treatments of excluded bile duct leakage after hepatectomy are not easy and various strategies have been reported, such as surgery, ethanol or fibrin glue injection, and portal vein embolization. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 72-year-old man with a surgical history of laparoscopic ileocecal resection for diverticular bleeding was diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma. Right hemihepatectomy was performed, and computed tomography examination on postoperative day 9 showed abdominal fluid collection in the right subphrenic space...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843583/long-term-outcome-of-eus-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-using-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-for-malignant-distal-biliary-obstruction-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#11
Takayoshi Tsuchiya, Anthony Yuen Bun Teoh, Takao Itoi, Kenji Yamao, Kazuo Hara, Yousuke Nakai, Hiroyuki Isayama, Masayuki Kitano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) using conventional tubular stents has been successfully performed. However, EUS-CDS carries a high risk of bile leakage with attendant adverse events. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the long-term outcome of EUS-CDS using a dedicated lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS). METHODS: Nineteen patients (mean age, 70.6 years; 12 men) with unresectable malignant diseases were treated in 5 tertiary referral centers...
August 23, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839257/mesohepatectomy-versus-extended-hemihepatectomies-for-centrally-located-liver-tumors-a-meta-analysis
#12
Jianbo Li, Chengdi Wang, Jiulin Song, Nan Chen, Li Jiang, Jiayin Yang, Lunan Yan
The comparison of Mesohepatectomy (MH) with conventional extended hemihepatectomies (EH) for patients with centrally located liver tumors (CLLTs) were inconsistent. Our aims were to systemically compare MH with EH and to determine whether MH can achieve a similar clinical outcome as EH through this meta-analysis. PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge and Cochrane Library were searched updated to June 11, 2016. Blood loss and operation time favored MH in elder patients (mean difference [MD] for blood loss: -692...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818290/hepatic-resection-a-safe-and-effective-surgery
#13
David Calatayud, Santiago Sánchez Cabús, Jaime Sampson, Aridai Resendiz, Victor Molina, Constantino Fondevila, Josep Fuster, Juan Carlos García-Valdecasas
INTRODUCTION: We analyze major liver resections performed in 10 years, with the objective of evaluating perioperative results. As secondary objectives, factors related to major complications and comparative analyses of 25-year periods are evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing major hepatic resection (3 or more segments) from January 2005 to December 2014, from pre, intra and postoperative data. The Clavien classification is used for postoperative morbidity...
August 14, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803451/laparoscopic-hepatectomy-combined-with-endoscopic-papillary-balloon-dilation-for-complex-bile-duct-stones
#14
Jian Yang, Fabiao Zhang, Xuefeng Du, Aidong Wang, Shangdong Lv, Zheping Fang
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) combined with endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) for removing intra- and extrahepatic bile duct stones. METHODS: A total of 26 patients with intra- and extrahepatic bile duct stones underwent LH and EPBD. Selective hemi-hepatic vascular occlusion was used to complete the LH. EPBD was performed under the guidance of a guidewire, and stones were removed with a stone basket or balloon...
August 13, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790783/hydrogen-peroxide-test-for-intraoperative-bile-leak-detection
#15
V Trehan, Pankaj P Rao, C S Naidu, Anuj K Sharma, A K Singh, Sanjay Sharma, Amit Gaur, S V Kulkarni, N Pathak
BACKGROUND: Bile leakage (BL) is a common complication following liver surgery, ranging from 3 to 27% in different series. To reduce the incidence of post-operative BL various BL tests have been applied since ages, but no method is foolproof and every method has their own limitations. In this study we used a relatively simpler technique to detect the BL intra-operatively. Topical application of 1.5% diluted hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used to detect the BL from cut surface of liver and we compared this with conventional saline method to know the efficacy...
July 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742721/hepatic-portocholecystostomy-97-cases-from-a-single-institution
#16
Géraldine Héry, Emmanuel Gonzales, Olivier Bernard, Virginie Fouquet, Frédéric Gauthier, Sophie Branchereau
OBJECTIVES: About 20% of cases of biliary atresia (BA) do not involve the gallbladder, the cystic duct and the common bile duct. In these cases, a hepatoportocholecystostomy (HPC) may be performed instead of the classical hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE). METHODS: We reviewed our cohort to investigate the efficacy of HPC as well as the associated surgical complications and clinical problems. RESULTS: From 1984 to 2009, 97 patients underwent HPC in our institution...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690639/laparoscopic-radical-cholecystectomy-for-primary-or-incidental-early-gallbladder-cancer-the-new-rules-governing-the-treatment-of-gallbladder-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Gaetano Piccolo, Guglielmo Niccolò Piozzi
AIM: To evaluate the technical feasibility and oncologic safety of laparoscopic radical cholecystectomy (LRC) for primary or incidental early gallbladder cancer (GBC) treatment. METHODS: Articles reporting LRC for GBC were reviewed from the first case reported in 2010 to 2015 (129 patients). 116 patients had a preoperative diagnosis of gallbladder cancer (primary GBC). 13 patients were incidental cases (IGBC) discovered during or after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683896/analysis-of-the-biliostatic-potential-of-two-sealants-in-a-standardized-porcine-model-of-liver-resection
#18
H Fonouni, A Kashfi, O Stahlheber, L Konstantinidis, T W Kraus, A Mehrabi, H Oweira
BACKGROUND: Improved resection techniques has decreased mortality rate following liver resections(LRx). Sealants are known as effective adjuncts for haemostasis after LRx. We compared biliostatic effectiveness of two sealants in a standardized porcine model of LRx. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We accomplished left hemihepatectomy on 27 pigs. The animals were randomized in control group(n = 9) with no sealant and treatment groups (each n = 9), in which resection surfaces were covered with TachoSil(®) and TissuFleece(®)/Tissucol Duo(®)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680698/non-iatrogenic-traumatic-isolated-bilothorax-in-a-cat
#19
Ronan A Mullins, Marc A Barandun, Barbara Gallagher, Laura C Cuddy
CASE SUMMARY: A 6-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented for evaluation of suspected bite wounds over the right caudal thorax and left cranial flank. Thoracic radiographs identified a mild right-sided pneumothorax, a small volume of right-sided pleural effusion, with increased soft tissue opacity in the right cranial and middle lung lobes. Abdominal ultrasound identified a very small gall bladder and several small pockets of free peritoneal fluid. Cytological analysis of peritoneal fluid was consistent with a modified transudate...
January 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663533/conversion-to-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage-by-temporary-nasobiliary-drainage-placement-in-patients-with-prior-biliary-stenting
#20
Yousuke Nakai, Hiroyuki Isayama, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Saburo Matsubara, Yukiko Ito, Naoki Sasahira, Gyotane Umefune, Naminatsu Takahara, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Dai Mohri, Hirofumi Kogure, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), first reported as an alternative to percutaneous transhepatic BD in failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, is sometimes performed as reintervention for transpapillary stent dysfunction such as in patients with new onset gastric outlet obstruction, but direct conversion to EUS-BD can potentially have a risk of leakage of infected bile. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of conversion to EUS-BD using a temporary endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) tube placement as a reintervention for prior BD...
February 8, 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
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