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Metatarsal fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220354/zone-ii-and-iii-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-in-athletes
#1
REVIEW
Michael Le, Robert Anderson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aimed to review indications, complications, and outcomes of zone II and III fifth metatarsal fractures based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: High rates of nonunion, delayed union, and refracture in athletes treated non-operatively. The standard of care is operative treatment in athletes with intramedullary fixation. Operative treatment of zone II and III fractures in athletes will decrease the risk of nonunion and refracture while leading to an earlier return to play...
February 20, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144601/proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-anatomy-classification-treatment-and-complications
#2
REVIEW
Chi Nok Cheung, Tun Hing Lui
CONTEXT: Fractures of proximal fifth metatarsal are one of the most common fractures of the foot. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search of PubMed for studies on proximal fifth metatarsal fracture and Jones fracture focusing on the classification and management was performed. The reference list of the retrieved articles was searched for additional related studies. RESULTS: The vascular supply and soft tissue anatomy of the fifth metatarsal explains the increased risk of delayed union and non-union in fractures at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134628/when-is-a-fracture-not-fresh-aligning-reimbursement-with-patient-outcome
#3
Robert Zura, Zekun Jack Xu, Gregory J Della Rocca, Samir Mehta, R Grant Steen
OBJECTIVE: The clinical value of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) for fresh fracture is known. Yet in the absence of a definition of what "fresh" is, payers have adopted study inclusion criteria drawn from randomized clinical trials as de facto definitions of which patients should be treated, with "fresh" defined as <1 week old. Fracture patients may thus be ineligible for LIPUS treatment after week 1, which potentially denies access to patients who could benefit from LIPUS...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109643/effect-of-obesity-on-bone-healing-after-foot-and-ankle-long-bone-fractures
#4
Jakob C Thorud, Spencer Mortensen, Jennifer L Thorud, Naohiro Shibuya, Yolanda Munoz Maldonado, Daniel C Jupiter
As obesity has become more common, fractures in the obese population have become more frequent. Concern exists regarding alterations in bone health and healing in obese patients. A matched case-control study was performed at 1 institution to evaluate whether an association exists between nonunion and a high body mass index in metatarsal and ankle fractures. A total of 48 patients with nonunion were identified, and control patients matched 2 to 1 (n = 96) were selected. The control patients were matched for age, sex, and fracture type...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073653/rare-lateral-dislocation-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Amir Reza Vosoughi, Pascal F Rippstein
Traumatic lateral dislocations of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint are very rare. A 44-year-old male was referred after a motorcycle to car accident because of an exposed head of the left first metatarsal through a laceration on the medial aspect of the first MTP joint. Radiographs showed a lateral dislocation of the first MTP joint, with concomitant fractures of the neck of the second metatarsal and the base of the third and fourth metatarsal bones. The dislocation was reduced in the emergency department with the patient under conscious sedation after thorough irrigation...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069140/the-comparison-of-radiography-and-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-metatarsal-fractures
#6
Nalan Kozaci, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Mustafa Avci, Inan Beydilli, Sadullah Turhan, Eda Donertas, Ertan Ararat
OBJECTIVE: It was aimed to compare the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) with radiography in the diagnosis and management of metatarsal fracture (MTF). METHODS: Patients aged 5-55 years admitted to emergency room due to low-energy, simple extremity trauma and had a suspected MTF, were included in this prospective study. Patients were evaluated by two different emergency physicians in the emergency room. The first physician performed POCUS examination...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058661/an-old-mismanaged-lisfranc-injury-treated-by-gradual-deformity-correction-followed-by-the-second-stage-internal-fixation
#7
Mehraj D Tantray, Khurshid Kangoo, Asif Nazir, Muzamil Baba, Raja Rameez, Syed Tabish, Syed Shahnawaz
The Lisfranc fracture-dislocation of the foot is uncommon and diagnosis is often missed. The Lisfranc joint involves the articulation between medial cuneiform and base of the second metatarsal and is considered a keystone to structural integrity to the midfoot. The articulation has a stabilization effect on longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot. A neglected or untreated injury to the Lisfranc joint can lead to secondary arthritis and significant morbidity and disability. We present a case of a neglected Lisfranc fracture-dislocation in a 28-year-old female patient who presented 3 months after injury...
January 5, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043054/dynamic-plantar-pressure-distribution-strength-capacity-and-postural-control-after-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation
#8
Alexander T Mehlhorn, Markus Walther, Tayfun Yilmaz, Lennart Gunst, Anja Hirschmüller, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal
Substantial progress has been made in the operative treatment of Lisfranc fractures, however, the prognosis remains poor. We hypothesized that Lisfranc injuries change the postural control and muscle strength of the lower limb. Both are suggested to correlate with the clinical outcome and quality of life. 17 consecutive patients suffering from a Lisfranc fracture dislocation were registered, underwent open reduction and internal fixation and were followed-up for 50.5±25.7months (Mean±SDM). Biomechanical analysis of muscle strength capacities, postural control and plantar pressure distribution was assessed >6 month postoperatively...
December 19, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035908/plantar-pressures-increase-with-raising-body-weight-a-standardised-approach-with-paired-sample-using-neutral-shoes
#9
T Hotfiel, H D Carl, F Wendler, A Jendrissek, R Heiß, B Swoboda
BACKGROUND: Plantar pressure leads to stress on plantar tissue and can be seen as risk factor for metatarsal stress fractures or plantar ulcers and is associated with prolonged and complicated recurrence of existing tissue damages. A clear demarcation of a systematic raise of body load regarding its effect on plantar pressure has not been described. OBJECTIVE: Assessing plantar pressure in different conditions of body weight, comparing data to initial body weight...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032031/fifth-metatarsal-fractures-and-current-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Julia Bowes, Richard Buckley
Metatarsal fractures are one of the most common injuries of the foot. There has been conflicting literature on management of fifth metatarsal fractures due to inconsistency with respect to classification of these fractures. This article provides a thorough review of fifth metatarsal fractures with examination of relevant literature to describe the management of fifth metatarsal fractures especially the proximal fracture. A description of nonoperative and operative management for fifth metatarsal fractures according to anatomical region is provided...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986272/predictors-of-amputation-in-high-energy-forefoot-and-midfoot-injuries
#11
Zachary M Working, Iain Elliott, Lucas S Marchand, Lance G Jacobson, Angela P Presson, Ami Stuart, David L Rothberg, Thomas F Higgins, Erik N Kubiak
INTRODUCTION: High energy injuries to the midfoot and forefoot are highly morbid injury groups that are relatively unstudied in the literature. Patients sustaining injuries of this region are challenging to counsel at the time of injury because so little is known about the short and long term results of these injuries. The purpose of this study was to investigate injury specific factors that were predictive of amputation in patients sustaining high energy midfoot and forefoot injuries...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871408/the-biology-of-bone-and-ligament-healing
#12
REVIEW
Jessica A Cottrell, Jessica Cardenas Turner, Treena Livingston Arinzeh, J Patrick O'Connor
This review describes the normal healing process for bone, ligaments, and tendons, including primary and secondary healing as well as bone-to-bone fusion. It depicts the important mediators and cell types involved in the inflammatory, reparative, and remodeling stages of each healing process. It also describes the main challenges for clinicians when trying to repair bone, ligaments, and tendons with a specific emphasis on Charcot neuropathy, fifth metatarsal fractures, arthrodesis, and tendon sheath and adhesions...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863793/plantar-pressure-asymmetry-and-risk-of-stress-injuries-in-the-foot-of-young-soccer-players
#13
Renato R Azevedo, Emmanuel S da Rocha, Pedro S Franco, Felipe P Carpes
BACKGROUND: Asymmetries in the magnitude of plantar pressure are considered a risk factor for stress fracture of the fifth metatarsal in soccer athletes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of plantar pressure asymmetries among young soccer athletes. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty young adolescents divided into a soccer player group (n = 15) or a matched control group (n = 15)...
October 24, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821997/acute-plantar-midtarsal-dislocation-with-intercuneiform-dislocation-case-study-diagnosis-and-management
#14
Andrew P Harris, Joseph A Gil, Avi D Goodman, Christopher R Nacca, Todd R Borenstein
The midtarsal joint, also known as the Chopart or the transverse tarsal joint, is composed of the talonavicular and calcaneocuboid articulations.(1) Midtarsal joint dislocations are rare injuries given the strong periarticular ligamentous support.2, 3 Medial, lateral, dorsal, and rarely plantar dislocations have been reported from multiple high-energy mechanisms.4, 5 We describe the case of a 24-year-old male who sustained talonavicular and calcaneocuboid plantar dislocations associated with a middle and lateral intercuneiform dislocation, open proximal 5th metatarsal fracture, 2nd-4th metatarsal base fractures, and lateral cuneiform fracture...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796800/is-pes-cavus-alignment-associated-with-lisfranc-injuries-of-the-foot
#15
Jeremy D Podolnick, Daniel S Donovan, Nicholas DeBellis, Alejandro Pino
BACKGROUND: Lisfranc (tarsometatarsal joint) injuries are relatively rare, accounting for less than 1% of all fractures, and as many as 20% of subtle Lisfranc injuries are missed at the initial patient presentation. An undiagnosed Lisfranc injury can have devastating consequences to the patient. Therefore, any factor that can raise a clinician's index of suspicion to make this diagnosis is potentially important. The cavus foot has been associated with various maladies of the lower extremity, but to our knowledge, it has not been reported to be associated with Lisfranc injury...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761276/advantages-of-pressurized-spray-cryosurgery-in-giant-cell-tumors-of-the-bone
#16
Nevzat Dabak, Hasan Göçer, Alper Çıraklı
BACKGROUND: Giant Cell Tumor is considered a benign, local and aggressive tumor. Although considered a benign bone tumor, it is still the subject of discussion and research because of the associated local bone destruction, as well as high rates of recurrence and distant metastases. Options are being developed for both surgical techniques and adjuvant therapies. AIMS: The present study evaluated the administration of cryotherapy via a pressurized-spray technique in giant cell tumors of the bone...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753569/epidemiology-of-lower-extremity-stress-fractures-in-the-united-states-military
#17
Brian R Waterman, Baris Gun, Julia O Bader, Justin D Orr, Philip J Belmont
PURPOSE: To comprehensively quantify established risk factors for the development of lower extremity stress fractures within a contemporary U.S. military cohort. METHODS: Using the Defense Medical Epidemiological Database, all U.S. service members diagnosed with tibia/fibula, metatarsal, other bone, femoral neck, and femoral shaft stress fractures were identified based on International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification code from 2009 to 2012...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672017/effectiveness-of-headless-bioabsorbable-screws-for-fixation-of-the-scarf-osteotomy
#18
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649405/type-iv-cell-mediated-hypersensitivity-reaction-caused-by-titanium-implant-following-medial-displacement-calcaneal-osteotomy-and-first-metatarsal-cuneiform-arthrodesis
#19
Stephen J Kriger, Shontal A Behan, Parth J Bhakta, Nicholas G Bruning, Brennan A Menninger, Mark C Razzante
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to its inert character and desired biocompatibility, titanium (Ti) implants have been universally accepted as safer alternatives to the previous conventional orthopedic hardware implants. However, a recent emergence of Type IV hypersensitivity reactions to Ti have displayed symptoms that include eczema, contact dermatitis, prolonged fever, sterile osteomyelitis, and impaired fracture and wound healing. The following case presents a patient with postoperative incision dehiscence and devascularization of cortical surfaces in contact with Ti hardware after undergoing a medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy and a first metatarsal-cuneiform arthrodesis...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649402/the-rare-lesser-metatarsal-bipartite-sesamoid-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Christopher R Hood, Stephanie Eldridge, Matthew Tran, Jason R Miller
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are several various accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones that can be seen throughout the foot and ankle, with reported incidence of 21.2% and 9.6%, respectively. Accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones usually remain asymptomatic until an inciting event (trauma, overuse) occurs and can then cause pain or degenerative changes. They can also be found in routine imaging. One of these confusing findings are lesser metatarsal sesamoids, which are a rare occurrence...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
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