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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811257/auditory-conflict-and-congruence-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#1
Camilla N Clark, Jennifer M Nicholas, Jennifer L Agustus, Christopher J D Hardy, Lucy L Russell, Emilie V Brotherhood, Katrina M Dick, Charles R Marshall, Catherine J Mummery, Jonathan D Rohrer, Jason D Warren
Impaired analysis of signal conflict and congruence may contribute to diverse socio-emotional symptoms in frontotemporal dementias, however the underlying mechanisms have not been defined. Here we addressed this issue in patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD; n=19) and semantic dementia (SD; n=10) relative to healthy older individuals (n=20). We created auditory scenes in which semantic and emotional congruity of constituent sounds were independently probed; associated tasks controlled for auditory perceptual similarity, scene parsing and semantic competence...
August 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809610/phase-iii-study-comparing-a-reduced-dose-of-cabazitaxel-20-mg-m-2-and-the-currently-approved-dose-25-mg-m-2-in-postdocetaxel-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-proselica
#2
Mario Eisenberger, Anne-Claire Hardy-Bessard, Choung Soo Kim, Lajos Géczi, Daniel Ford, Loïc Mourey, Joan Carles, Phillip Parente, Albert Font, Gabriel Kacso, Mustapha Chadjaa, Wenping Zhang, John Bernard, Johann de Bono
Purpose Cabazitaxel 25 mg/m(2) (C25) significantly improved overall survival (OS) versus mitoxantrone ( P < .001) in postdocetaxel patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in the phase III TROPIC study. The phase III PROSELICA study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01308580) assessed the noninferiority of cabazitaxel 20 mg/m(2) (C20) versus C25 in postdocetaxel patients with mCRPC. Methods Patients were stratified by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, measurability of disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), and region, and randomly assigned to receive C20 or C25...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808184/obesity-is-associated-with-the-arg389gly-adrb1-but-not-with-the-trp64arg-adrb3-polymorphism-in-children-from-san-luis-potos%C3%A3-and-le%C3%A3-n-m%C3%A3-xico
#3
Celia Aradillas-Garc X Cd, Miguel Cruz, Elva Pérez-Luque, María E Garay-Sevilla, Juan M Malacara, Aduna R, Jesús Peralta, Ana Burguete-García, Jorge A Alegría-Torres
This research was designed to analyze the possible associations of Arg389Gly ADRB1 and Trp64Arg ADRB3 polymorphisms in children with obesity. A cross-sectional study included 1,046 school-age Mexican participants (6-12 years old) from the cities of San Luis PotosÍ and León. Children were classified as non-obese or obese according to their body mass index (BMI) percentile; obese children had a BMI≥95th percentile for sex and age. Biochemical data were collected. Polymorphisms were detected using TaqMan qPCR assay...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807757/strategies-to-counter-transmission-of-superbugs-by-targeting-free-living-amoebae
#4
Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Bacterial infections have remained significant despite our advances in the development of a plethora of disinfectants as well as antimicrobial chemotherapy. This is in part due to our incomplete understanding of the prevalence of bacterial pathogens in the environmental and clinical settings. Several lines of evidence suggest that Acanthamoeba is one of the most ubiquitous/resilient protists that also acts as a host/reservoir for pathogenic microbes. Thus targeting the hardy host, which harbour microbial pathogens, offer a potential avenue to counter infection transmission, particularly hospital/community-acquired infections...
August 11, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805119/a-retrospective-audit-on-usage-of-diatrizoate-meglumine-gastrografin-%C3%A2-for-intestinal-obstruction-or-constipation-in-patients-with-advanced-neoplasms
#5
Sharon Heng, Janet Hardy, Phillip Good
BACKGROUND: Intestinal obstruction and constipation are common conditions in patients with advanced neoplasms. Diatrizoate Meglumine has been used in the management of both these conditions without good quality evidence of its effectiveness and safety. AIM: This audit aimed to assess the usage, effectiveness and adverse effects of Diatrizoate Meglumine for intestinal obstruction and constipation in patients with advanced neoplasms. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was undertaken...
August 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804711/annotation-of-the-nuclear-receptors-in-an-estuarine-fish-species-fundulus-heteroclitus
#6
William S Baldwin, W Tyler Boswell, Gautam Ginjupalli, Elizabeth J Litoff
The nuclear receptors (NRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that respond to various internal as well as external cues such as nutrients, pheromones, and steroid hormones that play crucial roles in regulation and maintenance of homeostasis and orchestrating the physiological and stress responses of an organism. We annotated the Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog; Atlantic killifish) nuclear receptors. Mummichog are a non-migratory, estuarine fish with a limited home range often used in environmental research as a field model for studying ecological and evolutionary responses to variable environmental conditions such as salinity, oxygen, temperature, pH, and toxic compounds because of their hardiness...
2017: Nuclear Receptor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802359/transmission-analysis-of-tgfb1-gene-polymorphisms-in-non-syndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate
#7
Ginila T Raju, Bhaskar V K S Lakkakula, Jyotsna Murthy, Munirajan Arasambattu Kannan, Solomon F D Paul
OBJECTIVES: Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1) plays a significant role in craniofacial development. Previous linkage studies reported that the TGF-β1-locus at 19q13.1 harbour predisposing genes for non-syndromic oral clefts. In the present study case parents triads were evaluated to find the transmission effects of genetic variants in TGF- β1 towards non-syndromic cleft lip or palate (NSCL/P). METHODS: Using allelic discrimination method148 families (case-parent triads) were assessed for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TGF-β1 gene...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801378/relationship-between-mir-146a-rs2910164-g-c-polymorphism-and-digestive-system-cancer-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#8
Xin Xiong, Junfeng Yan, Linghua Li, Yun Li, Yi Cao, Yi Tu, Jinhong Mei
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are identified negatively regulating gene expression and acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in tumorigenesis. The association between miR-146a rs2910164 (G>C) polymorphism and susceptibility to digestive system cancers was contradictory and inconsistent in previously published studies. Presently, we performed a comprehensive literature retrieve on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Wanfang and CNKI databases to identify all relevant studies published before July 30, 2016. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidential interval (95%CI) were used to calculate the relationship between miR-146a rs2910164 (G>C) polymorphism and digestive system cancers susceptibility...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800332/cerebral-oxidative-stress-and-microvasculature-defects-in-tnf-%C3%AE-expressing-transgenic-and-porphyromonas-gingivalis-infected-apoe-mice
#9
Farheen Rokad, Ryan Moseley, Rowan S Hardy, Sasanka Chukkapalli, StJohn Crean, Lakshmyya Kesavalu, Sim K Singhrao
The polymicrobial dysbiotic subgingival biofilm microbes associated with periodontal disease appear to contribute to developing pathologies in distal body sites, including the brain. This study examined oxidative stress, in the form of increased protein carbonylation and oxidative protein damage, in the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) transgenic mouse that models inflammatory TNF-α excess during bacterial infection; and in the apolipoprotein knockout (ApoE-/-) mouse brains, following Porphyromonas gingivalis gingival monoinfection...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800167/a-functional-imaging-study-of-germinating-oilseed-rape-seed
#10
Eberhard Munz, Hardy Rolletschek, Steffen Oeltze-Jafra, Johannes Fuchs, André Guendel, Thomas Neuberger, Stefan Ortleb, Peter M Jakob, Ljudmilla Borisjuk
Germination, the process whereby a dry, quiescent seed springs to life, has been a focus of plant biologist for many years, yet the early events following water uptake, during which metabolism of the embryo is restarted, remain enigmatic. Here, the nature of the cues required for this restarting in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) seed has been investigated. A holistic in vivo approach was designed to display the link between the entry and allocation of water, metabolic events and structural changes occurring during germination...
August 11, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798443/obituary
#11
J H Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798120/u-s-attitudes-on-human-genome-editing
#12
Dietram A Scheufele, Michael A Xenos, Emily L Howell, Kathleen M Rose, Dominique Brossard, Bruce W Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794981/a-test-retest-study-on-parkinson-s-ppmi-dataset-yields-statistically-significant-white-matter-fascicles
#13
Martin Cousineau, Pierre-Marc Jodoin, Félix C Morency, Verena Rozanski, Marilyn Grand'Maison, Barry J Bedell, Maxime Descoteaux
In this work, we propose a diffusion MRI protocol for mining Parkinson's disease diffusion MRI datasets and recover robust disease-specific biomarkers. Using advanced high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) crossing fiber modeling and tractography robust to partial volume effects, we automatically dissected 50 white matter (WM) fascicles. These fascicles connect deep nuclei (thalamus, putamen, pallidum) to different cortical functional areas (associative, motor, sensorimotor, limbic), basal forebrain and substantia nigra...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794622/the-association-of-tidal-efl-with-exercise-performance-exacerbations-and-death-in-copd
#14
Bernt Boegvald Aarli, Peter Ma Calverley, Robert L Jensen, Raffaele Dellacà, Tomas Ml Eagan, Per S Bakke, Jon A Hardie
BACKGROUND: Tidal expiratory flow limitation (EFLT) is frequently found in patients with COPD and can be detected by forced oscillations when within-breath reactance of a single-breath is ≥0.28 kPa·s·L(-1). The present study explored the association of within-breath reactance measured over multiple breaths and EFLT with 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), exacerbations, and mortality. METHODS: In 425 patients, spirometry and forced oscillation technique measurements were obtained on eight occasions over 3 years...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793332/stromal-cell-markers-are-differentially-expressed-in-the-synovial-tissue-of-patients-with-early-arthritis
#15
Ivy Y Choi, Olga N Karpus, Jason D Turner, Debbie Hardie, Jennifer L Marshall, Maria J H de Hair, Karen I Maijer, Paul P Tak, Karim Raza, Jörg Hamann, Christopher D Buckley, Danielle M Gerlag, Andrew Filer
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown increased expression of stromal markers in synovial tissue (ST) of patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, ST expression of stromal markers in early arthritis in relationship to diagnosis and prognostic outcome was studied. METHODS: ST from 56 patients included in two different early arthritis cohorts and 7 non-inflammatory controls was analysed using immunofluorescence to detect stromal markers CD55, CD248, fibroblast activation protein (FAP) and podoplanin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792885/fish-oil-containing-lipid-emulsions-in-adult-parenteral-nutrition-a-review-of-the-evidence
#16
Osman Abbasoglu, Gil Hardy, William Manzanares, Alessandro Pontes-Arruda
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from laboratory and animal studies that fish oil-containing intravenous lipid emulsions (FOC-IVLEs) have a beneficial effect on inflammation and the immune response, suggesting a possible clinical benefit. Clinical studies of FOC-IVLEs have reported mixed results. The aim of this review is to present findings from recent randomized controlled clinical trials and other quality clinical studies investigating the effects of administering intravenous fish oil alone or as part of a multilipid emulsion and to examine the quality of these studies in an objective, evidence-based manner...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791206/characterization-of-microsatellite-markers-in-the-african-tropical-tree-species-guibourtia-ehie-fabaceae-detarioideae
#17
Félicien Tosso, Jean-Louis Doucet, Jérémy Migliore, Kasso Daïnou, Esra Kaymak, Franck S Monthe Kameni, Olivier J Hardy
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite primers (simple sequence repeats [SSRs]) were developed in Guibourtia ehie (Fabaceae, Detarioideae) to study population genetic structure and the history of African vegetation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We isolated 18 polymorphic SSRs from a nonenriched genomic library. This set of primer pairs was tested on four populations, and the results showed two to 16 alleles per locus with mean observed and expected heterozygosities of 0.27 ± 0...
July 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791205/development-of-est-derived-microsatellite-markers-in-the-aquatic-macrophyte-ranunculus-bungei-ranunculaceae
#18
Zhigang Wu, Jinwei Wu, Yalin Wang, Hongwei Hou
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Microsatellite or simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed to investigate the influence of ecological factors on gene flow and spatial genetic structuring of the submerged plant Ranunculus bungei (Ranunculaceae), which is regarded as an important species for understanding how plants adapt to an aquatic environment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two microsatellite loci were identified from an expressed sequence tag (EST) library. The number of alleles per locus ranged from one to five, and the expected heterozygosity varied from 0...
July 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790056/alcoholic-versus-aqueous-chlorhexidine-for-skin-antisepsis-the-avalanche-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel Charles, Clare F Heal, Meth Delpachitra, Michael Wohlfahrt, Debbie Kimber, Julie Sullivan, Sheldon Browning, Sabine Saednia, Alexandra Hardy, Jennifer Banks, Petra Buttner
BACKGROUND: Preoperative skin antisepsis is routine practice. We compared alcoholic chlorhexidine with aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis to prevent surgical site infection after minor skin excisions in general practice. METHODS: We conducted this prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled trial in 4 private general practices in North Queensland, Australia, from October 2015 to August 2016. Consecutive adult patients presenting for minor skin excisions were randomly assigned to undergo preoperative skin antisepsis with 0...
August 8, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780871/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-the-glycogen-synthesis-related-gene-glycogenin-in-pacific-oysters-crassostrea-gigas
#20
Busu Li, Jie Meng, Li Li, Sheng Liu, Ting Wang, Guofan Zhang
High glycogen levels in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) contribute to its flavor, quality, and hardiness. Glycogenin (CgGN) is the priming glucosyltransferase that initiates glycogen biosynthesis. We characterized the full sequence and function of C. gigas CgGN. Three CgGN isoforms (CgGN-α, β, and γ) containing alternative exon regions were isolated. CgGN expression varied seasonally in the adductor muscle and gonadal area and was the highest in the adductor muscle. Autoglycosylation of CgGN can interact with glycogen synthase (CgGS) to complete glycogen synthesis...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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