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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635384/thrombophlebitis-der-vena-basilica-nach-beidseitiger-brustaugmentation
#1
Monika Rau, Robert Kaiser, Beat Knechtle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635344/trajectories-of-remission-and-mortality-over-13-years-after-intake-to-substance-use-treatment
#2
Andrea H Kline-Simon, Felicia W Chi, Jennifer R Mertens, Constance Weisner
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationships between long-term patterns of substance use and mortality risk among substance use disorder (SUD) patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine distinct patterns of remission and relapse of SUD over time and examine their relationship with mortality. METHODS: The study site was Kaiser Permanente of Northern California. Data for 997 adults who entered substance use treatment between 1994 and 1996 and 4,241 non-SUD patients with similar demographic distributions (35% women in both groups) were analyzed...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634381/impact-of-initial-active-engagement-in-self-monitoring-with-a-telemonitoring-device-on-glycemic-control-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Min-Kyung Lee, Kwang-Hyeon Lee, Seung-Hyun Yoo, Cheol-Young Park
This study aimed to investigate the effect of patient engagement in self-monitoring with a telemonitoring device on glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. We conducted a subanalysis of the telemonitoring device study in Kaiser Permanente Northern California members. We divided the telemonitoring group into 53 frequent and 54 infrequent users based on self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) frequency of the first 6 weeks. The frequency of SMBG transmitted from the telemonitoring device was examined over 24 weeks...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633266/complete-neurological-recovery-after-acute-total-occlusion-of-the-superior-vena-cava
#4
Yafen Liang, Clayton A Kaiser, Matthew R Danter
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by swelling of the upper torso, can result from a wide range of causes. The presence and severity of clinical symptoms depends on the degree of stenosis, the location of stenosis, the speed of development of stenosis, and existing collateral flow. Acute complete occlusion of the SVC frequently leads to poor neurologic outcomes such as coma or death. We report a case of a patient who had complete neurologic recovery after 26 minutes of acute total occlusion of the SVC...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633097/results-of-the-first-international-hiv-1-coreceptor-proficiency-panel-test
#5
Eva Heger, Rolf Kaiser, Elena Knops, Maria Neumann-Fraune, Eugen Schuelter, Alejandro Pironti, Thomas Lengauer, Hauke Walter, Saleta Sierra
BACKGROUND: Quality Assurance (QA) programs are essential to evaluate performance in diagnostics laboratories. OBJECTIVES: We present the results from the first QA for HIV-1 genotypic tropism testing, organized and coordinated by the Institute of Virology at the University of Cologne. STUDY DESIGN: 12 cell culture-derived viral strains of different HIV-1 clades from the NIH AIDS Reagent Program were sent to the participants to be processed with their standard diagnostic methods Fasta files containing the V3 region sequence were centrally analyzed at the Institute of Virology, Cologne...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631435/polar-intermetallics-pr5co2ge3-and-pr7co2ge4-with-planar-hydrocarbon-like-metal-clusters
#6
Qisheng Lin, Kaiser Aguirre, Scott M Saunders, Timothy A Hackett, Yong Liu, Valentin Taufour, Durga Paudyal, Sergey Budko, Paul C Canfield, Gordon J Miller
Planar hydrocarbon-like metal clusters may foster new insights linking organic molecules with conjugated - bonding interactions and inorganic structures in terms of their bonding characteristics. However, such clusters are uncommon in polar intermetallics. Herein, we report two polar intermetallic phases, Pr5Co2Ge3 and Pr7Co2Ge4, both of which feature such planar metal clusters, viz., ethylene-like [Co2Ge4] clusters plus the concatenated forms and polyacene-like [Co2Ge2]n ribbons in Pr5Co2Ge3, and 1,2,4,5-tetramethylbenzene-like [Co4Ge6] cluster in Pr7Co2Ge4...
June 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631191/effect-of-angiotensin-system-inhibitors-on-survival-in-newly-diagnosed-glioma-patients-and-recurrent-glioblastoma-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-and-or-bevacizumab
#7
Victor A Levin, James Chan, Meenal Datta, Jennie L Yee, Rakesh K Jain
Given prior studies that suggest the use of angiotensin system inhibitors (ASIs) is associated with prolonged overall survival (OS) in glioblastoma (GBM) patients, we evaluated the effect of ASIs in glioma patients receiving chemotherapy and/or bevacizumab (BEV). Using retrospective IRB-approved electronic chart review of newly diagnosed WHO grade 2-4 glioma patients from the Kaiser Permanente Tumor Registry of Northern California, we evaluated the impact of ASIs on OS by Cox proportional hazard model analysis for subgroups who received cytotoxic therapy, cytotoxic therapy with BEV, or BEV alone, as well as those with recurrent GBM (rGBM)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#8
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629629/association-between-lithium-use-and-melanoma-risk-and-mortality-a-population-based-study
#9
Maryam M Asgari, Andy J Chien, Ai Lin Tsai, Bruce Fireman, Charles P Quesenberry
Laboratory studies show lithium, an activator of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, slows melanoma progression, but no published epidemiologic studies have explored this association. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult white Kaiser Permanente Northern California members (n=2,213,848) from 1997-2012 to examine the association between lithium use and melanoma risk. Lithium exposure (n=11,317) was assessed from pharmacy databases, serum lithium levels were obtained from electronic laboratory databases, and incident cutaneous melanomas (n= 14,056) were identified from an established cancer registry...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628938/outcome-after-robotic-assisted-thymectomy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acetylcholine-receptor-antibody-positive-juvenile-myasthenia-gravis
#10
Adela Della Marina, Heike Kölbel, Maximilian Müllers, Olaf Kaiser, Mahmoud Ismail, Marc Swierzy, Jens-Carsten Rueckert, Ulrike Schara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628800/increased-internal-femoral-torsion-can-be-regarded-as-a-risk-factor-for-patellar-instability-a-biomechanical-study
#11
Peter Kaiser, Werner Schmoelz, Philip Schoettle, Marit Zwierzina, Christian Heinrichs, Rene Attal
BACKGROUND: Increased internal femoral torsion is regarded as a risk factor for patellar instability. Biomechanical investigations confirming this hypothesis are missing. METHODS: Eight fresh-frozen cadaver knees were tested on a specially designed simulator. Patellar motion and patellofemoral pressure were evaluated for 0°, 10°, and 20° of increased internal and external femoral torsion with native and with transected medial patellofemoral ligaments used to simulate patellar instability...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628279/acyclic-nucleoside-phosphonates-containing-9-deazahypoxanthine-and-a-5-membered-heterocycle-as-selective-inhibitors-of-plasmodial-6-oxopurine-phosphoribosyltransferases
#12
Martin Maxmilian Kaiser, Ondřej Baszczyňski, Dana Hocková, Lenka Poštová-Slavětínská, Martin Dračínský, Dianne T Keough, Luke W Guddat, Zlatko Janeba
Acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs) are an important class of therapeutic drugs that act as antiviral agents by inhibiting viral DNA polymerases and reverse transcriptases. ANPs containing a 6-oxopurine instead of 6-aminopurine or pyrimidine bases are inhibitors of the purine salvage enzyme, hypoxanthine-guanine-[xanthine]-phosphoribosyltransferase (HG[X]PRT). Such compounds, and their prodrugs, are able to arrest the growth of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) in cell culture. A new series of ANPs has been synthesized and tested as inhibitors of human HGPRT, PfHGXPRT and Plasmodium vivax (Pv) HGPRT...
June 19, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625763/effects-of-tectonics-and-large-scale-climatic-changes-on-the-evolutionary-history-of-hyalomma-ticks
#13
Arthur F Sands, Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Sonja Matthee, Ivan G Horak, Alan Harrison, Shahid Karim, Mohammad K Mohammad, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Rupika S Rajakaruna, Maria M Santos-Silva, Conrad A Matthee
HyalommaKoch, 1844 are ixodid ticks that infest mammals, birds and reptiles, to which 27 recognized species occur across the Afrotropical, Palearctic and Oriental regions. Despite their medical and veterinary importance, the evolutionary history of the group is enigmatic. To investigate various taxonomic hypotheses based on morphology, and also some of the mechanisms involved in the diversification of the genus, we sequenced and analysed data derived from two mtDNA fragments, three nuclear DNA genes and 47 morphological characters...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624983/how-to-increase-vaccination-acceptance-among-apostolic-communities-quantitative-results-from-an-assessment-in-three-provinces-in-zimbabwe
#14
Regina Gerede, Zorodzai Machekanyanga, Serigne Ndiaye, Kenneth Chindedza, Colline Chigodo, Messeret E Shibeshi, James Goodson, Fussum Daniel, Reinhard Kaiser
A worldwide increasing trend toward vaccine hesitancy has been reported. Measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections originating from Apostolic gatherings. Founded in Zimbabwe in the 1950s, the Apostolic church has built up a large number of followers with an estimated 3.5 million in Zimbabwe in 2014. To inform planning of interventions for the 2015 measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we assessed vaccination status and knowledge, attitudes and practices among purposive samples of Apostolic caregivers in three districts each in Harare City, Manicaland and Matabeleland South in Zimbabwe...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623599/energetics-and-reactivity-of-small-beryllium-deuterides
#15
Ivan Sukuba, Alexander Kaiser, Stefan E Huber, Jan Urban, Michael Probst
Enthalpies and free energies of reaction for small neutral and charged beryllium deuterides BeD, BeD2, and BeD3 that have been calculated are reported for a temperature range of 0 K to 1000 K. We discuss probable dissociation channels and possible ways of producing BeD by localizing the relevant transition states and by calculating corresponding rate constants. BeD and BeD(+) are found to be the most stable ones among the considered compounds. BeD2 and [Formula: see text] are more likely to decompose into Be(0,+) + D2 than into BeD(0,+) + D...
July 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622301/assessing-the-effect-of-obesity-related-traits-on-multiple-myeloma-using-a-mendelian-randomisation-approach
#16
M Went, A Sud, P J Law, D C Johnson, N Weinhold, A Försti, M van Duin, J S Mitchell, B Chen, R Kuiper, O W Stephens, U Bertsch, C Campo, H Einsele, W M Gregory, M Henrion, J Hillengass, P Hoffmann, G H Jackson, O Lenive, J Nickel, M M Nöthen, M I da Silva Filho, H Thomsen, B A Walker, A Broyl, F E Davies, C Langer, M Hansson, M Kaiser, P Sonneveld, H Goldschmidt, K Hemminki, B Nilsson, G J Morgan, R S Houlston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620972/structure-property-relationships-of-organic-electrolytes-and-their-effects-on-li-s-battery-performance
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Rejaul Kaiser, Shulei Chou, Hua-Kun Liu, Shi-Xue Dou, Chunsheng Wang, Jiazhao Wang
Electrolytes, which are a key component in electrochemical devices, transport ions between the sulfur/carbon composite cathode and the lithium anode in lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs). The performance of a LSB mostly depends on the electrolyte due to the dissolution of polysulfides into the electrolyte, along with the formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase. The selection of the electrolyte and its functionality during charging and discharging is intricate and involves multiple reactions and processes. The selection of the proper electrolyte, including solvents and salts, for LSBs strongly depends on its physical and chemical properties, which is heavily controlled by its molecular structure...
June 16, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619891/nih-abandons-grant-cap-offers-new-help-to-younger-scientists
#18
Jocelyn Kaiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618822/precision-and-bias-in-estimating-detection-distances-for-beaked-whale-echolocation-clicks-using-a-two-element-vertical-hydrophone-array
#19
Jay Barlow, Emily T Griffiths
Detection distances are critical for cetacean density and abundance estimation using distance sampling methods. Data from a drifting buoy system consisting of an autonomous recorder and a two-element vertical hydrophone array at ∼100-m depth are used to evaluate three methods for estimating the horizontal distance (range) to beaked whales making echolocation clicks. The precision in estimating time-differences-of-arrival (TDOA) for direct- and surface-reflected-path clicks is estimated empirically using repeated measures over short time periods...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614127/a-hospital-is-not-just-a-factory-but-a-complex-adaptive-system-implications-for-perioperative-care
#20
Aman Mahajan, Salim D Islam, Michael J Schwartz, Maxime Cannesson
Many methods used to improve hospital and perioperative services productivity and quality of care have assumed that the hospital is essentially a factory, and therefore, that industrial engineering and manufacturing-derived redesign approaches such as Six Sigma and Lean can be applied to hospitals and perioperative services just as they have been applied in factories. However, a hospital is not merely a factory but also a complex adaptive system (CAS). The hospital CAS has many subsystems, with perioperative care being an important one for which concepts of factory redesign are frequently advocated...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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